2. GYMNOCARPEAE

CALICIACEAE

Sphinctrina fuscescens Nyl.

Nylander (1860 a) 143 ; Lindsay (1869) 145 ; Hue (1890) 238 ; Stizenberger (1890) No. 87 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 654.

on thallus of Pertusaria sp., Cape of Good Hope, Drège (ex Herb. Sonder).

Sphinctrina gelasinata (Wither) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 654.

Calicium turbinatum Pers., Drège (1843)141.

Sphinctrina turbinata de Not., Stizenberger (1895) No. 85.

on ? thallus of Pertusaria sp., Cape.

Sphinctrina meridionalis Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 124, No. 86 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 657.

on thallus of Lecidea crassa Stizenb., Hottentots' Holland Mts., near Sir Lowry Pass, MacOwan, Type.

Sphinctrina microcephala (J.E. Sm.) Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890 & 1895) No. 88 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 475, (1932) 206, Cat. Lich. I : 658.

on the thallus of a Pertusaria sp., Zwartkops, near Port Elizabeth, Brunnthaler ; Brenton, Knysna, v. d. Byl 678 ; Transvaal, Wilms.

CYPHELIACEAE

Tylophoron africanum Vain.

Vainio (1926) 30 ; van der Byl (1931) 6 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 603.

on bark of Thespesia sp., Eshowe, v. d. Byl 187, Type.

Tylophoron bylii Merrill

van der Byl (1931) 7, nom. nud.

on trunk of Erythrina caffra Thunb., Stella Bush, v. d. Byl 119 (det. Merrill).

SPHAEROPHORACEAE

Sphaerophorus melanocarpus (Sw.) DC.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 693.

Lichen fragilis Wither., Thunberg (1800) 180, (1823) 750, non Linn.

Sphaerophoron compressum Ach., Stizenberger (1890) No. 89 ; Nylander (1860 a) 170.

on rocks and amongst moss, Cape, Thunberg.

234

ARTHONIACEAE

Allarthothelium minimum Vain.

Vainio (1926) 29 ; van der Byl (1931) 7 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 603. on bark of tree, Onrust, v. d. Byl 319, Type.

Arthonia angulata Fée

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 476, Cat. Lich. II : 9.

on branches of tree undet., Baakens River Valley, Port Elizabeth, Brunnthaler.

Arthonia angulosa Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1887 a) 75 ; Willey (1890) 13 ; Stizenberger (1891) No. 1356 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 9.

on bark, nr. Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Arthonia antillarum Nyl.

Stizenberger (1895) No. 1348 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 9.

on bark, Zambesi River.

Arthonia calospora Müll.-Arg.

Stizenberger (1891) 199, No. 1384 ; van der Byl (1931) 7 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 17.

on branches of tree undet., Durban, Wilms ; on trunk of Gymnosporia sp., Durban, v. d. Byl 139 (det. Vain.).

Arthonia cinnabarina (DC.) Wallr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 21.

Arthonia gregaria Körb., van der Byl (1931) 7.

on trunk of Chaetacme aristata Planch., Bot. Gard., Durban, v. d. Byl 73 pr. p. (det. A.L.Sm.).

Arthonia circumscissa Merrill

van der Byl (1931) 7, (nom. nud.) not Wain.

on trunk of Strychnos sp., Bot. Gard., Durban, v. d. Byl 114 (det. Merrill).

Arthonia dispersa (Schrad.) Nyl.

J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 299 ; Stizenberger (1895) No. 1364bis ; Schinz (1905) 396; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 39.

on bark, near Boroma, Menyharth 491.

Arthonia hormidiella Stirt.

Stirton (1877) 219 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 53.

on bark, Boschberg, Mac Owan, Type.

Arthonia lecideicarpa Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 207.

on bark of trees, Hoofbos, Knysna, v. d. Byl 886, Type.

Arthonia nana Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1891) 195, No. 1347 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 70.

on woody parts of Phoenix dactylifera Linn., in bush near Durban, Wilms, Type.

235

Arthonia oblongula Müll.-Arg.

Stizenberger (1891) No. 1378 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 71.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Arthonia palmicola Ach.

van der Byl (1931) 7 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 72.

on trunk of Eucalyptus sp., Mossel Bay, v. d. Byl 375 (det. Vain.).

Arthonia platygraphidea Nyl.

Wainio (1901) 447 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 75.on branches of trees in mountains, Serra de Lopollo, Welwitsch 462 pr. p.

Arthonia polymorpha Ach.

Stizenberger (1895) No. 1373 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 76.

on bark, Transvaal.

Arthonia propinqua Nyl.

Stizenberger (1891) No. 1374 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 78.

on bark, Table Mt., MacOwan.

Arthonia pyrenuloides Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1887 a) 75 ; Willey (1890) 39 ; Stizenberger (1891) No. 1371; (1890)39; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 83.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Arthonia rubroluscescens Vain.

Vainio (1926) 29 ; van der Byl (1931) 7 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 603.

on bark of tree, Durban, v. d. Byl 181, Type ; on Celtis kraussiana Bernh., Durban, v. d. Byl 170 (det. Vain.).

Arthonia variabilis Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1887 a) 75 ; Willey (1890) 13 ; Stizenberger (1891) No. 1355 Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 106.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Arthonia wilmsiana Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1886) 315 ; Willey (1890) 7 ; Stizenberger (1891) No. 1350 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 106.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Arthothelium abnorme (Ach.) Müll.-Arg.

van der Byl (1931) 7 ; Zahlbruckner, Cal. Lich. II : 118.

on bark of Eriobotrya japonica Lindl., Stellenbosch, v. d. Byl 350 (det. Vain.) ; on Punica granatum Linn., Hopefield, v. d. Byl 396 (det. Vain.).

Arthothelium albidum Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1887 a) 76 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 119.

Arthonia albida Willey (1890) 56 ; Stizenberger (1891) 201, No. 1398.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type, (Lojka, Lichenoth. Univ. 243).

236

Arthothelium album Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 207 ; van der Byl (1931) 7.

on bark, Knoetze, Knysna, v. d. Byl 671, Type.

Arthothelium argenteum (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 121.

Arthonia argentea Stizenberger (1891) 199, No. 1388.

on bark, Table Mt., Wilms, Type.

Arthothelium consanguineum Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1888) 207 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 123.

Arthonia consanguinea Willey (1890) 56 ; Stizenberger (1891) 200, No. 1393. on bark, Table Mt., Wilms, Type.

Arthothelium fusco-nigrum (Nyl.) Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 126.

Arthonia fusco-nigra Nyl., Stizenberger (1891) No. 1392.

on bark, Cape.

Arthothelium melanopsis (Stirt.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 129.

Arthonia melanopsis Stirton (1877) 219.

on bark, Boschberg, Macowan, Type.

Arthothelium michylum Vain.

Vainio (1926) 28 ; van der Byl (1931) 7 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 603.

on bark of Quercus sp., Elsenburg, v. d. Byl 245, Type.

Arthothelium obvelatum Müll.-Arg..

J. Müller-Arg. (1887 a) 76 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 130.

Arthonia obvelata Willey (1890) 56 ; Stizenberger (1891) 200, No. 1395.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Arthothelium phaeosporum Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 160.

on bark of Ocotea bullata E. Mey., Grootrivier, Knysna, v. d. Byl 837.

Arthothelium psyllodes Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 161.

on bark, Garies, v. d. Byl 1181, Type.

Var. precursum Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 161.

on Aloe dichotoma Linn. f., Garies, v. d. Byl 1180, Type.

Arthothelium violascens (Flotow) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 137.

Arthonia violascens Flotow (1843) 23; Krauss (1846) 199 ; Hue (1891) 183 ; Stizenberger (1891) No. 1387.

on bark of trees, in woods near Constantia, Krauss.

237

CRYPTOTHECIACEAE

Cryptothecia subnidulans Stirt.

A. L. Smith (1926) 189 ; van der Byl (1931) 7 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 143, VIII : 148.

on bark of Albizzia gummifera (Gmel.) C. A. Sm., Berea, v. d. Byl ; on bark of Chaetacme aristata Planch., Winkle Spruit, v. d. Byl 56 (det. A. L. Sm.).

GRAPHIDACEAE

Graphina acharii (Fee) Müll.-Arg.

Steiner (1907) 646 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 211, Cat. Lich. II : 391.

Graphis acharii Fée, Stizenberger (1891) No. 1236 ; Nylander (1869 a) 14.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong ; Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 994 ; on trunks of trees, Woodbush, v. d. Byl 524.

Graphina analoga (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II: 395.

Graphis analoga Nylander (1869 a) 14.

Graphis analoga f. tetraspora (Nyl.) Stizenberger (1891) No. 1233.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

Graphina atrofusca Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1887a) 74 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 398.

Graphis atrofusca Stizenberger (1891) 186, No. 1255.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Graphina bylii (Vain.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 604.

Graphis bylii Vainio (1926) 27.

on bark of Ocotea bullata E. Mey., Knysna, v. d. Byl 265, Type.

Var. lividula (Vain.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 604 (as var. livida).

Graphis bylii var. lividula Vainio (1926) 28 ; van der Byl (1931) 7.

on bark of Ficus elastica Roxb., Knysna, v. d. Byl 277, Type ; v. d. Byl 275, det. Vain.

Graphina obtrita (Fée) Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 416.

Lecanactis diversa Nyl., Stizenberger (1891) No. 1279.

on bark of a tree of the family Malvaceae, near Durban, Wilms.

Graphina pergracilis Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 210.

on bark of Acacia melanoxylon R. Br., Knysna, v. d. Byl 912, Type.

Graphina platycarpa (Eschw.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 418.

Graphis sophistica Nyl., Stizenberger (1891) No. 1229.

Graphina sophistica (Nyl.) Müll.-Arg., van der Byl (1931) 7.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms (Lojka, Lichenoth. Univ. 90) ; on trunk of Ailanthus altissima Sw., Bot. Gard., Durban, v. d. Byl 13 (det. A. L. Sm.) ; on trunk of Pandanus variegatus Miq., Bot. Gard., Durban, v. d. Byl 12, (det. A. L. Sm.).

238

Graphina polycarpa Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1887 a) 63 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 420.

Graphis polycarpa Stizenberger (1891) 184,. No. 1227. on bark, Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Graphis denudans Vain.

Vainio (1926) 28 ; van der Byl (1931) 7 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 603. on bark of tree, near Durban, v. d. Byl 126, Type.

Graphis devestiens Nyl.

apud Stizenberger (1891) 183, No- 1222 ; Hue (1891) 151 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. 302. Lich. II :

on bark of tree of the family Malvaceae, near Durban, Wilms, Type.

Graphis diaphoroides Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1886) 312 ; Steiner (1897) 229 ; Stizenberger (1891) No. 1217 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 302.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms (Lojka, Lichenoth, univ. 91).

Graphis intexta Nyl.

Nylander (1869 a) 14 ; Hue (1891) 160 ; Stizenberger (1891) No. 1223 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 313.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong, Type.

Graphis intricata Fée

Stizenberger (1891) No. 1226 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 210, Cat. Lich. II : 313.

on bark, near Durban, Wilms ; on bark of Canthium sp., Brenton, Knysna, v. d. Byl 653.

Graphis scripta (Linn.) Ach.

Acharius (1810) 265 ; Stizenberger (1891) No. 1221 ; van der Byl (1931) 7 Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 324.

Lichen scriptus Linn., Thunberg (1800) 176, (1823) 742.

Opegrapha scripta Ach., Thunberg (1823) 742 ; v. Flotow (1843) 18 ; Krauss (1846) 200.

on bark, South Africa, without locality, Thunberg, Mac Owan, Breutel ; nr. Constantia, . Krauss ; on trunk of Gymnosporia sp., Durban, v. d. Byl 137 (det. Vain.) ; on trunk of Pandanus sp., Durban., v. d. Byl 8 (det. A. L. Sm.) ; on trunk of tree undet., Pinetown, v. d. Byl 174 (det. Vain.) ; Stella Bush, v. d. Byl 178 (det. Vain) ; Eshowe, v. d. Byl 193 (det. Vain.).

Graphis striatula (Ach.) Spreng.

Nylander (1869 a) 13 ; Stizenberger (1891) No. 1241 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 354.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

Graphis subolivacea Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 479, Cat. Lich. VIII 207.

on bark, Skeleton Ravine, Table Mt., Brunnthaler, Type.

239

Helminthocarpon natalense Vain.

Vainio (1926) 27 ; van der Byl (1931) 7 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 604.

on bark of tree, near Durban, v. d. Byl 182, Type.

Lithographa cerealis Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1891) 182, No. 1212 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 146.

on rocks, in Warm Bokkeveld Mts., near Ceres, Andr. Smith, Type.

Lithographa fumida Nyl.

Stizenberger (1891) 182, No. 1211 ; Hue (1891) 149 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II: 149.

on rocks, Table Mt., MacOwan (ass. Siphula tabularis) Type.

Melaspilea gemella Nyl.

Stizenberger (1891) No. 1404 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 275.

on bark of a tree of the family Malvaceae, near Durban, Wilms.

Opegrapha adpicta Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 209 ; van der Byl (1931) 7.

on quartz rocks, Conney Glen, Knysna, v. d. Byl 631, Type.

Opegrapha agelaea Fée

Stizenberger (1891) No. 1308 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 165.

parasitic on the thallus of other lichens, Cape, without locality.

Opegrapha atra Pers.

von Flotow (1843) 23 ; Krauss (1846) 199 ; van der Byl (1931) 7 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 167.

on trunk of Albizzia gummifera (Gmel.) C. A. Sm., Winkle Spruit, v. d. Byl, 51, (det. A. L. Sm.); on old trees, near Constantia, Krauss.

Opegrapha bacillosa Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 163.

on silicate rocks, The Heads, Knysna, v. d. Byl 920, 922, Type.

Opegrapha bonplandi Fée

Zahlbruckner (1932) 208, Cat. Lich. II : 178. on bark, Knoetze, Knysna, v. d. Byl 669, 672.

Opegrapha capensis Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1888) 207 ; Stizenberger (1891) No. 1310 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 181.

on smooth bark, Table Mt., ; on stem of Phoenix dactylifera Linn., near Durban, Wilms.

Opegrapha diagraphoides Nyl.

Nylander (1869 a) 13 ; Hue (1891) 169 ; Stizenberger (1891) No. 1288 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II 188.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong, Type.

240

Opegrapha diaphorella Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1891) 190, No. 1294 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 195.

on sandstone rocks, near Muizenberg, MacOwan, Type.

Opegrapha exiguella Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 162.

on bark of Gymnosporia sp., The Heads; Knysna, v. d. Byl 933, Type.

Opegrapha exornata Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1921) 226, (1926 b) 476, Cat. Lich. II : 198, VIII : 192.

on limestone, in the neighbourhood of Windhoek, Fincke, Type.

Opegrapha interalbata Nyl.

Nylander (1869 a) 13 ; Hue (1891) 171 ; Stizenberger (1891) No. 1289 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 211.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

Opegrapha lactifera Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 161.

on bark of Podocarpus sp., Grootrivier, Knysna, v. d. Byl 850, Type.

Opegrapha lyncea (J.E. Sm.) Borr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 208, Cat. Lich. II : 220.

on branches of Sideroxylon inerme Linn., Brenton, Knysna, v. d. Byl 682.

Opegrapha medusulina Nyl.

Nylander (1895) 104 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II: 223. on bark, Moçambique.

Opegrapha menyharthii Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1893 a) 299 ; Stizenberger (1895) No. 1307bis ; Zahlbruckner Cat. Lich. II : 224.

on bark, near Boroma, Menyharth 467, Type.

Opegrapha parvula Nyl.

Crombie (1867 a) 179 ; Hue (1891) 170 ; Stizenberger (1891) No. 1323 ;

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 228.

on under side of stones, Table Mt., Eaton, Type.

Opegrapha prosodea Ach. var. microcarpella Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 162.

on bark, Hoofbos, Knysna, v. d. Byl 887, Type.

Opegrapha semiatra Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1886) 312 ; Stizenberger (1891) No. 1287 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 246.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type (Lojka, Lichenoth. Univ. 93 ; S.A. M. 46940).

241

Opegrapha signatella Vain.

Vainio (1926) 30 ; van der Byl (1931) 7 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 603.

on branches of Royena sp., Howick, v. d. Byl 211, Type.

Opegrapha tapetica Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 209 ; van der Byl (1931) 7.

on quartz rocks, The Heads, Knysna, v. d. Byl 641, Type.

Opegrapha zanei Massal.

Massalongo (1861) 80 ; Stizenberger (1891) No. 1319 ; van der Byl (1931) 7 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 208, Cat. Lich. II : 261.

on limestone, Cape, Wawra, Type ; on quartz rocks, The Heads, Knysna, v. d. Byl 643.

Phaeographina caesiopruinosa (Fée) Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 434.

Graphis caesiopruinosa (Fée) Krempelh., Herb. van der Byl.

on tree trunk, Stella Bush, v. d. Byl 176 (det. Vain.).

Phaeographina limbata Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1895) 461 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 440.

on bark, Cape, MacOwan, Type.

Phaeographina subfarinacea (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 446.

Graphis subfarinacea Nylander apud Hue (1891) 153 ; Stizenberger (1891) No. 1231.

on bark, Cape, Drège, Type.

Phaeographis conjungens Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 211.

on bark, Garden of Eden, Knysna, v. d. Byl, 868, Type.

Phaeographis cryptica Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 212.

on bark of Acacia melanoxylon R. Br., near Knysna, v. d. Byl 913, Type.

Phaeographis inusta (Ach.) Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 479 ; Cat. Lich. II : 374, VIII : 209.

on branches of trees, Baakens River Valley, Brunnthaler.

(? Var. emergens Vain.)

Graphis inusta var. emergens Vain., van der Byl (1931) 7, nom. nud.

on tree trunk, Onrust, v. d. Byl 325 (det. Vain.).

Phaeographis mesographa Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 441.

Graphis mesographa Nyl., Stizenberger (1891) No. 1251.

on bark, Somerset West, MacOwan.

242

CHIODECTONACEAE.

Chiodecton capense ( Massal.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 474.

Enterographa capensis Massalongo (1861) 81 ; Redinger (1938) 68. Stigmatidium capense Stizenberger (1891) 195, no. 1344.

on volcanic rocks, Cape, Wawra, Type.

Chiodecton galactinum Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 212 ; van der Byl (1931) 8.

Enterographa galactina Redinger (1938) 57.

on rocks, The Heads, Knysna, v. d. Byl 644, Type.

Chiodecton natalense Nyl.

Nylander (1869 a) 14 ; Hue (1891) 192 ; Stizenberger (1891) No. 1415 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 497.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

Chiodecton sanguineum (Sw.) Wain. f. rosaceotinctum (Fr.) Wain.

van der Byl (1931) 8 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 498.

without locality, v. d. Byl.

Chiodecton subnanum Vain.

Vainio (1929) 25.

on bark, Moçambique (Vainio).

Chiodecton vanderbylii Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 213 ; van der Byl (1931) 8.

Enterographa vanderbylii Redinger (1839) 56.

on bark, Knoetze, Knysna, v. d. Byl 668, Type.

Chiodecton venosum (Pers.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 483.

Enterographa venosa Massalongo (1860) 315.

Stigmatidium venosum Nylander (1869 a) 14 ; Stizenberger (1891) No. 1340.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong (" Form with pale apothecia and poorly developed thallus " Stizenb. 1.c.).

Enterostigma compunctum (Ach.) Müll.-Arg.

van der Byl (1931) 8 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 501.

on trunk of Erythrina caifra Thunb., Durban, v. d. Byl 120 (det. Merrill).

Glyphis cicatricosa Ach.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 454..

Graphis cicatricosa Wain., van der Byl (1931) 7.

on trunk of Acacia mollissima Willd., Howick, v. d. Byl 199 (det. Vain.)

Var. confluens (Zenk.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 455.

Graphis cicatricosa var. confluens Wain., van der Byl (1931) 7.

Glyphis confluens Zenk., Stizenberger (1891) No. 1419 ; Nylander (1869 a)

15 ; van der Byl (1931) 8.

243

on bark, Durban, Armstrong ; Sarnia, Hean (v. d. Byl) ; Eshowe, v. d. Byl 192 (det. Vain.) ; on trunk of Ailanthus altissima Sw., Durban, v. d. Byl 16 (det. A. L. Sm.) ; on Croton sp., Durban, v. d. Byl 17 (det. A. L. Sm.) ; on Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd., Berea, Durban, v. d. Byl 5 (det. A. L. Sm.).

Var. simplicior (Wain.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 456.

Graphis cicatricosa var. simplicior Wain., van der Byl (193) 7.

on rock, Sarnia, Hean (v. d. Byl 306, det. Vain.).

Sarcographa disjectans (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 460.

Medusula disjectans Nylander (1890) 87, not. ; Hue (1891) 166 ; Stizenberger (1891) 189, No. 1282.

on bark of a tree of the family Malvaceae, near Durban, Wilms.

DIRINACEAE

Dirina capensis Fée

apud Nylander (1857) 116, nom. nud. ; Stizenberger (1890) 240, no. 841 ; Hue (1891) 80 ; van der Byl (1931) 8 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 214, Cat. Lich. II : 506. Urceolaria capitata Nees apud Stizenberger, l.c.

on rocks, Cape, Zeyher ; The Heads, Knysna, v. d. Byl 636, 684 ; Langbaan, v. d. Byl 536 ; Poole's Bay, v. d. Byl 791.

ROCCELLACEAE

Combea mollusca Nyl.

Nylander (1860 a) 257 ; Hue (1890) 268 ; Darbyshire (1897) 9, (1898 b) 57 ; Stizenberger (1890) No. 212 ; van der Byl (1931) 8, (1933 a) 2 ; Schultze (1907) 706 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 a) 126, (1926 b) 483, (1932) 214, Cat. Lich. I : 525.

Parmelia mollusca Acharius (1803) 253 ; Sprengel (1827) 278.

Dufourea mollusca Acharius (1810) 524, (1814) 247.

Lichen squarrosus *Dufourea mollusca Lamarck (1813) 419.

Roccella mollusca Nylander (1857) 97 ; Lindsay (1895) 141.

Combea pruinosa de Notaris (1846) 223 ; Massalongo (1853) 70.

Dactylina mollusca Tuckerman (1872) 7.

on maritime rocks, Cape, Osbeck, Ecklon, Zeyher, MacOwan ; Bloubergstrand, v. d. Byl 1039 ; on mountain behind Muizenberg, MacOwan, 27 ; Poole's Bay, Hermanus, v. d. Byl 803 ; Saldanha Bay, Zeyher ; Cape Peninsula, Ecklon ; on calcareous rock , Swakopmund, F. & R. Wettstein ; on granite and on thorny shrubs, Haifischinsel off Lüderitzbucht, Fincke ; on granite, slopes of Table Mt., Brunnthaler ; on dead plants, Possession Is., Schulze 21.

Roccella fuciformis (Linn.) Lam. & DC.

Drège (1843) 159 ; Darbyshire (1898 a) 9 ; van der Byl (1933 a) 4 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 516.

on tree trunk, Amatongoland, J. McKen (S.A.M. 46894); Port Natal, near the Bay, Drège.

244

Rowena fucoides (Dicks.) Wain.

Wainio (1901) 433 ; van der Byl (1933 a) 3 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich.II : 518. Roccella phycopsis Ach., Stizenberger (1890) No. 216 ; Massalongo (1861) 47 ; Darbyshire (1897) 4, (1898 a) 10, (1898 b) 34.

on maritime rocks, Cape Peninsula, Wawra, Zeyher, Ecklon, Wright.

Var. arnoldi Zahlbr.,

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 519.

Roccella arnoldi Wainio (1901) 433.

on limestone rocks, between Saco and the mouth of the river Giraûl, Welwitsch 417 pr. p.

Roccella hereroensis Wain.

Wainio (1900 b) 4 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 520.

on calcareous rocks, Hereroland, Dinter 93, Type.

Roccella hypomecha (Ach.) Bory.

Nylander (1868) 509, (1886) 200 ; Hue (1890) 268 ; Stizenberger (1890) No.

39 ; Darbyshire (1897) 5, (1898 a) 10, (1898 b) 37 ; van der Byl (1931) 8, (1933 a) 4 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 214, Cat. Lich. II : 520.

Parmelia roccella var. hypomecha Acharius (1803) 274.

Parmelia tinctoria var. hypomecha Acharius (1810) 439, (1814) 243 ; Thunberg (1832) 750 ; Nylander (1959) 252, (1860) 258.

on maritime rocks, Cape, Breutel, MacOwan, Thunberg ; False Bay, MacOwan, 356 ; on mountains behind Muizenberg, MacOwan (Lojka, Lichenoth. Universalis 56 ; S.A.M. 46978) 145 ; Poole's Bay, Champion (v. d. Byl 439, det. Vain.), v. d. Byl 795 ; Hermanus, du Preez, (v. d. Byl 564) ; without locality, Ecklon 24 (S.A. M. 46864), Pappe (S.A.M. 46865) ; Kommetje (S.A.M. 25247) ; Brandfontein, Bredasdorp, C. A. Smith, 740.

Var. benguellensis (Welw.) Wain.

Wainio (1901) 432 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 520.

Lecanora benguellensis Nylander (1868) 514.

on rocks, shores of Atlantic Ocean, near Cabo Negro, Welwitsch 403, Type ; Hermanus, Louwrens, 1733.

Var. isabellina Wain.

Wainio (1901) 432 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 520.

on maritime rocks, between Mossamedes and Porta Pinda, Welwitsch 404, Type.

Roccella linearis Wain.

Var. guineensis Wain.

Wainio (1901) 434 ; van der Byl (1931) 8, (1933 a) 3 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 214, Cat. Lich. II : 520.

on maritime rocks, The Heads, Knysna, v. d. Byl ; on trunks of trees, Knoetze, Knysna, v. d. Byl 667.

Var. primaria Wain.

Wainio (1901) 434 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 521.

on Euphorbia bella, Mossamedes, Welwisch 420.

Roccella montagnei Bél.

Massalongo (1861) 15 ; Stizenberger (1890) No. 218 ; Darbishire (1897 a) 4, (1898 a) 10, (1898 b) 24 ; van der Byl (1931) 8, (1933 a) 3 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 484, Cat. Lich. II : 521.

on maritime rocks and bark, Durban, Gueinzius ; Transvaal, Rehmann ; Cape, Wawra ;

on bark of trees, Knysna, Duthie (v. d. Byl 405) ; Durban, Wager, 1743 ; Catembe, Borle 35, 281 ; Port Alfred, Penfield, 205 ; Natal, Cooper, 144 ; Mangrove Region, Mozambique, Junod 572, 725 ; Moçambique, Brunnthaler.

245

Roccella mossamedana Wain.

Wainio (1901) 433 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 521.

on rocks, at top of neck, Serra de Montes Negros, Welwitsch 419, Type.

Roccella podocarpa (Welw.) Wain.

Wainio (1901) 435 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 521.

on branches of Tamarix and Acacia, on banks of river Maiombo, near Páo, Welwitsch 416.

Roccella tinctoria DC.

von Flotow (1843) 27; Krauss (1846) 201; Nylander (1860a) 258; Massalongo (1861) 47 ; Stizenberger (1890) No. 214 ; Darbishire (1897) 4, (1898 a) 32 ; Zahlbruckner Cat. Lich. II : 522.

Lichen roccella Linn., Thunberg (1800) 180, (1823) 750.

on rocks, Cape, Wawra, Thunberg ; Muizenberg, Krauss.

f. complanata Wain.

Wainio (1901) 432 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 524.

on rocks, shores of Atlantic Ocean, nr. Cazimba, Welwitsch 406 pr. p.

Var. subpedicellata Wain.

Wainio (1901) 431 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 525.

on maritime rocks, shores of Atlantic Ocean, near Cazimba, Welwitsch 406 pr. p.

LECANACTIDACEAE

Lecanactis bullata Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 214 ; van der Byl (1931) 8.

on quartz rocks, Poole's Bay, v. d. Byl 796, Type.

Lecanactis develans Nyl.

Nylander (1890) 87 ; Hue (1891) 157 ; Stizenberger (1891) No. 1280 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 535.

on bark of a tree of the family Malvaceae, near Durban, Wilms.

Lecanactis emersa (Müll.-Arg.) Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1891) 188, No. 1275 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 537. Opegrapha emersa Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1887 a) 63.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type ; near Kooksbosch, Breutel.

Lecanactis ulcerata (Müll.-Arg.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 547.

Opegrapha ulcerata Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1895) 456.

on bark, Cape, MacOwan, Type.

Melampydium metabolum Müll.-Arg., subsp. africanum Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 215.

on branches of Sideroxylon inerme Linn., Brenton, Knysna, v. d. Byl 683. Type.

Schismatomma paradoxum (Fée) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 561.

Platygrapha dirinea Nyl., Stizenberger (1891) No. 1332.

? as Chiodecton direnium Nyl. in van der Byl (1931) 8.

Cape, without locality ; ? on trunk of Erythrina caffra Thunb., Stella Bush, v. d. Byl 118 (det. Vain.).

246

Schismatomma septenarium (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 564.

Platygrapha septenaria Stizenberger (1891) 194, No. 1334.

on sandstone rocks, near Muizenberg, MacOwan, Type ; on Lions Head,

MacOwan.

PILOCARPACE AE

Byssoloma tricholomum ( Mont.) Zahlbr.

f. confluens Vain., van der Byl (1931) 8, ? nom. nud. (for species see Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 569).

Pilocarpon leucoblepharum (Nyl.) Wain. f. confluens Vain. in Herb. v. d. Byl.

on Ocotea bullata E. Mey., Knysna, v. d. Byl 260 (det. Vain.).

CHRYSOTHRICACEAE

Crocynia membranacea (Dicks.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 575.

Leproloma lanuginosum Nyl., Stizenberger (1895) No. 521.

on moss and stones, Mt. Kanduliri, Zambesi region, Menyharth.

THELOTREMACEAE

Gyrostomum scyphuliferum (Ach.) Nyl.

van der Byl (1931) 8 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 644.

on trunk of Pandanus sp., Durban. v. d. Byl 3, 10 (det. A. L. Sm.) ;

on Croton sp., Durban, v. d. Byl 7 (det. A. L. Sm.) ; on tree undet., Stella Bush, v. d. Byl 70 (det. A. L. Sm.).

Leptotrema endoxanthellum Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 164.

on bark, Knysna, v. d. Byl 871, Type.

Leptotrema microglaenoides (Wain.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 637.

Thelotrema microglaenoides Vainio (1926) 32 ; van der Byl (1931) 8 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 604.

on granite rock, Matopos, v. d. Byl 157 pr. p., 159 (det. Vain.).

Ocellularia capensis Zahlbr.

Var. feracior Zahlbruckner (1932) 217.

on bark, Hoofbos, Knysna, v. d. Byl 882, Type.

Var. leiothallina Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 217.

on bark, Hoofbos, Knysna, v. d. Byl 659, Type.

Ocellularia cavata (Ach.) Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 585.

Thelotrema cavatum Ach., von Flotow (1843) 24 ; Krauss (1846) 200.

on bark, Cape, Krauss.

Ocellularia diplochistoides Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 216.

on branches of trees, Brenton, Knysna, v. d. Byl 685, Type.

247

Ocellularia galactina Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 216 ; van der Byl (1931) 8.

on bark of trees, Knoetze, Knysna, v. d. Byl 673, Type.

Ocellularia henatomma (Ach.) Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 592.

Lichen pertusus Thunberg (1823) 176, (1932) 741, not Linn.

Pyrenula henatomma Acharius (1810) 316.

Thelotrema henatomma Acharius (1814) 114 ; Drège (1843) 85 ; Stizenberger (1890) No. 906 ; Juel (1918) 50.

on bark, Cape, Thunberg ; Paarlberg, Drège.

Thelotrema capense Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 218 ; van der Byl (1931) 8.

on bark of Cassine croceum O. Ktze., Hoofbos, Knysna, v. d. Byl 695, 696, Type.

Thelotrema diplochistoides Vain.

Vainio (1926) 31 ; van der Byl (1931) 8 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII ; 604.

on granite rocks, Matopos, v. d. Byl 157 pr. p., Type.

Thelotrema leioplacoides Nyl.

Nylander (1857) 118, nom. nud. Hue (1891) 93 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 620.

Cape of Good Hope without locality.

Thelotrema lepadinum Ach.

Drège (1843) 80 ; Stizenberger (1890 & 1895) No. 903 ; J. Müll.-Arg.

(1893 c) 510 ; Zahlbruckner' (1932) 219, Cat. Lich. II : 620.

on branches, under a growth of Usnea sp., Pondoland, Buchmann ; du Toits Kloof, Drège ; on bark, Garden of Eden, Knysna, v. d. Byl 864 ; Kaaimansrivier, v. d. Byl 853.

Thelotrema muscigenum Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 247, no. 902 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 626.

on mosses on trees, Table Mt., MacOwan, Type.

DIPLOSCHISTACEAE

Conotrema volvarioides (Fée) Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 648.

Lecidea volvarioides Stizenberger (1891) 180, no. 1201.

on bark, nr. Lydenburg, Wilms.

Diploschistella urceolata Vain.

Vainio (1926) 26 ; van der Byl (1931) 8 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 605.

on rather sandy ground, Stellenbosch, Eyles (v. d. Byl 416), Type.

248

Diploschistes actinostomus (Pers. ex Ach.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 220, Cat. Lich. II : 651 ; van der Byl (1931) 8.

Urceolaria actinostoma Pers. ex Ach., Stizenberger (1890) no. 829.

on sandstone rocks, near Lydenburg, Wilms ; on quartz rocks, Poole's Bay, v. d. Byl 797, 801, 802 ; on rocks, near Hermanus, v. d. Byl 776.

Var. aeneus (Müll.-Arg.) Steiner

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 563.

Urceolaria actinostoma var. aenea Müll.-Arg., Stizenberger (1890) no. 829.

on rocks, Cape, without locality.

Var. caesioplumbeus (Nyl.) Steiner

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 484, Cat.Lich. II : 653.

Urceolaria actinostoma var. caesioplumbea Nyl. Stizenberger (1890) no. 829.

on sandstone and granite, Lions Head and Table Mt., MacOwan ; slopes of Table Mt. opposite Camps Bay, Brunnthaler ; van Reenen's Pass, Brunnthaler.

Diploschistes anactinus (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 220, Cat. Lich. II . : 657.

on quartz rocks, Hermanus, v. d. Byl 779 ; Botany Bay, v. d. Byl 991, 995.

Diploschistes bellus Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 163.

on sandstone rocks, between Calvinia and Middelpos, v. d. Byl 1107, Type, and v. d. Byl .111.

Diploschistes cinereocaesius (Sw.) Wain.

van der Byl (1931) 8 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 660.

Urceolaria cinereocaesius Ach., Stizenberger (1890) no. 838.

on ground amongst mosses, Boschberg, MacOwan ; on ground, Howick, v. d. Byl 213 (det. Vain.).

Diploschistes deuterius (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II . : 662.

Urceolaria deuteria Nyl., Crombie (1876 a) 175 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 830.

on ground, Table Mt., Eaton.

Diploschistes isabellinus Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 219.

on friable sandstone rock, Grey's Pass, Citrusdal, v. d. Byl 755.

Diploschistes ochroniger Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 164.

on the ground, Wolseley, v. d. Byl 1142, 1143, Type.

Diploschistes perispicillatus Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 219.

on non-calcareous rocks, World's View, van Reenen's Pass, Brunnthaler, Type.

249

Diploschistes scruposus (Schreb.) Norm.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 665.

f. iridatus ( Mass.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 220, Cat. Lich. II : 670 ; van der Byl (1931) 8.

on ground near Stellenbosch, v. d. Byl 747.

Var. arenarius (Schaer.) Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 220, Cat. Lich. II : 671.

Urceolaria scruposa Ach. f. arenaria Ach., Stizenberger (1890) no. 832. Urceolaria scruposa f. arenaria Schaer., von Flotow (1843) 24 ; Krauss (1846) 200.

on sandstone rocks, top of Lions Head, MacOwan ; on ground, Grootrivier, Knysna, v. d. Byl 883 ; on clayey soil, Tygerberg, Krauss.

Diploschistes subcupreus (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 674.

Urceolaria subcuprea Nyl. apud Crombie (1876 a) 175, (1876 b) 20 ; Hue (1891) 99.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton.

GYALECTACEAE

Gyalecta thunbergiana Ach.

Acharius (1810) 152. (1814) 10 ; Juel (1918) 49 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II 728.

Lichen excavates Thunberg (1800) 176, (1823) 742, not Hoffmann.

Urceolaria excavata Ach. (1798) 35, (1803) 148.

Lichen opegraphus* Gyalecta thunbergiana Lamarck (1813) 409.

on clayey ground, Leeuwestaart, Thunberg.

Microphiale lutea (Dicks.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 697.

Lecidea lutea Tayl., Stizenberger (1891) no. 913 ; Nylander (1869 a) 8.

? as Catillaria lutea Arn., van. der Byl (1931) 10.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong ; ? on trunk of Gardenia globosa Hochst., Winkle Spruit, v. d. Byl 49 (det. A. L. Sm.)

Pachyphiale cornea Poetsch

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 729.Lecidea carneola Ach., Drège (1843) 80, 85.on bark, du Toits Kloof, Drège ; Paarlberg, Drège.

COENOGONIACEAE

Coenogonium afrum Massal.

Massalongo (1861) tab. II f.1-4 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 736. Chroolepus afrum Massalongo (1861) 43.

Cape of Good Hope, Wawra.

Coenogonium interplexum Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 910 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 737.

on bark of trees, near Baziya, Baur (MacOwan 705).

250

EPHEBACEAE

Ephebe lanata (Linn.) Wain.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 750.

Ephebe pubescens (Ach.) Fr., Stizenberger (1890) no. 6.

on wet rocks, top of Lions Head, MacOwan.

PYRENOPSIDACEAE

Psorotichia cataractae Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 485, Cat. Lich. VIII : 269.

on basalt rocks, Palm Kloof, Victoria Falls, Brunnthaler.

Psorotichia fuliginella (Nyl.) Wain.

Wainio (1901) 418 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 790.

Collema fuliginellum Nylander (1868) 509 ; Hue (1890) 229.

on micaceous-schistose rocks, near Pomangula, Mossamedes, Welwitsch 57, 58.

Pyrenopsis mackenziei T. A. Jones

apud Nylander (1869 a) 4 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 5 ; Hue (1890) 226 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 771.

on quartzite rocks, Natal, Armstrong, Type.

Pyrenopsis robustula Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 295 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 776.

on rocks, near Boroma, Menyharth 1215, Type.

Synalissa austro-africana Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 165.

on sandstone, between Bitterfontein and Garies, v. d. Byl 1175, Type.

Peccania minuscula (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 814.

Synalissa minuscula Nylander (1868) 508 ; Forssel (1885) 56 ; Hue (1890) 228 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 778.

Omphalaria minuscula (Nyl.) Wainio (1901) 417.

on limestone rocks, on mountain top, Serra de Montes Negros, Welwitsch 2 pr. p., 15 pr. p.

COLLEMACEAE

Arctomia muscicola A. L. Sm.

A. L. Smith (1932) 48 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 608.

on bark or old wood amongst mosses and Hymenophyllum, below Duivel's Kantoor, Kaapsche Hoop, G. Taylor, Type.

Collema aggregatum (Ach.) Röhl.

van der Byl (1931) 9, (1935 b) 3 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 32.

on trees, Salisbury, Eyles 4277 (v. d. Byl 574, det. A. L. Sm.) ; Zululand, R. H. Harris (v. d. Byl 230, det. Vain.) ; Elim, Doidge, 274 ; Highbury, Doidge, 1555.

251

Collema crispum (Linn.) Wigg.

Juel (1818) 49 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 72.

Lichen crispus Linn., Thunberg (1800) 177, (1823) 744.

Cape, Thunberg.

Collema furvum (Ach.) DC.

J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 295 ; Stizenberger (1895) no. 21 ; Schinz (1905) 393 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 78.

near Boroma, Menyharth 250.

Collema nigrescens (Huds.) DC.

Drège (1843) 80, 85 ; van der Byl (1931) 9, (1935 b) 4 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 51.

on trunks of trees, Salisbury, Eyles 650 (v. d. Byl 556) 1445 ; on bark of Ficus sp., Enterprise, Eyles 1644, 160 ; on bark, Zululand, Harris ; du Toits Kloof, Drège ; Paarlberg, Drège.

Collema redundans Nyl.

Nylander (1869 a) 5 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 34 ; Hue (1890) 232 ; van der Byl (1935 b) 4 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 46.

Synechoblastus redundans Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1880 b) 259.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

Collema tenax (Sw.) Ach.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 29 ; van der Byl (1935 b) 3 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 10.

Collema pulposum Ach. var. tenax Nylander (1858) 110 ; Crombie (1876 a) 166.

on the bare ground, Table Mt., Eaton.

Collema thysaneum Ach.

Nylander (1869 a), 5 not., ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 38 ; van der Byl (1935 b) 4 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 47.

on bark, Cape, Breutel.

Leptogium adpressum Nyl.

Stirton (1877) 212 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 61 ; Wainio (1901) 417 ; van der Byl (1935 b) 8 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 126.

on trees, Boschberg, MacOwan; on trunks of living Parinarium sp., in high mountain forest, Morro de Lopollo, Welwitsch 1.

Leptogium africanum Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 488, Cat. Lich. VIII : 287 ; van der Byl (1935 b) 10. amongst mosses, Winterhoekberg, near Uitenhage, Zeyher (in Herb. Naturhist. Hofmus.

as Leptogium brebissonii, det. Nylander).

Leptogium brebissonii Mont.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 126.

Leptogiopsis brebissonii Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 295 ; Schinz (1905) 303.

on bark, Boroma, Menyharth 266, 267.

252

Leptogium bullatum (Sw.) Mont.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 128.

Collema bullatum Ach., Drège (1843) 132, 141.

on bark, Samteesvlakte, near Enon, Drège ; " Glenfilling ", Drège.

Var. dactylinoideum Nyl.

Stirton (1877) 211 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 60 ; van der Byl (1935 b) 7 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 129.

on bark, Boschberg, MacOwan.

Leptogium burgesii (Linn.) Mont.

Steiner (1907) 637 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 175.

on bark, Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 981 pr. p.

Leptogium chloromeloides Nyl.

Nylander (1869 a) 5 ; Hue (1890) 236 ; van der Byl (1935 b) 10 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 126.

Leptogiopsis chloromeloides Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1882) 292.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

Leptogium chloromelum (Ach.) Nyl.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 487, (1932) 221, Cat. Lich. III : 131 ; van der Byl (1931) 9, (1935 b) 9.

on bark of trees, Table Mt. and Oranjezicht, Brunnthaler ; Knysna, v. d. Byl ; Umtali, Eyles 4847 ; Salisbury, Eyles (v. d. Byl 627).

Var. caespitosum (Tayl.) Zahlbr.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 57 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 132.

Collema caespitosum Taylor (1847) 196 ; J. Müller-Arg. (1887 a) 269.

in mountain forests, near Uitenhage, Zeyher.

Var. crassius Nyl.

Nylander (1869 a) 5 ; Hue (1890) 236 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 57 ; van der Byl (1935 b) 9 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 132.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

Leptogium daedaleum Nyl.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 134.

Leptogium phyllocarpum Mont. var. daedaleum Nylander (1858) 130 ; Stirton (1877) 212 ; van der Byl (1931) 9, (1935 b) 9.

Stephanophoron phyllocarpum var. daedaleum Stizenberger (1890) 123, no. 67, (1895) no. 67.

on tree trunks, Boschberg, MacOwan ; Transvaal, Rebmann ; Knysna, v. d. Byl 288, (det. Vain.) ; Table Mt.

Leptogium hildenbrandii (Garov.) Nyl.

Nylander (1869 a) 5 ; Stirton (1877) 211 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 55 ; van der Byl (1935 b) 6 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 176.

on bark, Natal, Armstrong, Rehmann ; Transvaal, Wilms ; Boschberg,

MacOwan, 70, 688

Leptogium kraussii (Flotow) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 136.

Stephanophorus kraussii Flotow (1843) 29 ; Krauss (1846) 200.

abundant on bark of Quercus around Constantia, Krauss.

253

Leptogium marginellum (Sw.) S. F. Gray

Stizenberger (1890) no. 52 ; van der Byl (1935 b) 6 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 143.

Collema marginella Raeuschel, Drège (1843) 155.

Cape, Gueinzius ; between “Ontendo” and “Omsameulo”, Drège.

Leptogium menziesii (Sw.) Mont.

Nylander (1858 a) 128 ; Stirton (1877) 211 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 56 ; van der Byl (1935 b) 7 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 177.

on bark and amongst mosses, Cape, Drège ; Durban, Gueinzius ; Kaffraria, Baur.

f. fuliginosum Müll.-Arg.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 56 ; Steiner-(1907) 637 ; (van der Byl 1935 b) 7 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 178.

on bark, Cape, MacOwan ; Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 981 pr. p.

Leptogium moluccanum (Pers.) Wain.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 487, Cat. Lich. III : 145.

on Podocarpus sp., van Reenen's Pass, Brunnthaler.

Var. simplicata Vain.

van der Byl (1931) 9, (1935 b) 7, ? nom. nud.

on tree trunk, Stella Bush, v. d. Byl 108 (det. Vain.)

Leptogium phyllocarpum (Pers.) Mont.

Nylander (1858 a) 130, (1869 a) 5 ; Crombie (1876 a) 166 ; Stirton (1877) 212 ; van der Byl (1935 a) 8 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 149.

on trunks of trees, Table Mt., Eaton ; Boschberg, MacOwan ; Kamberg, Crass, 1589 ; Highbury, Doidge, 1553 ; Xumeni Forest, Doidge, 1622 b ; Kentani, Pegler 2464, Durban, Armstrong ; on bark of Ficus sp., Enterprise, Eyles 1644 a, 160 a.

Var. coralloideum (Mey. & Flot.) Hue

van der Byl (1935 a) 9 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 149.

Leptogium phyllocarpum var. isidiosum Nyl.., Stirton (1877) 212.

Stephanophoron phyllocarpum var. isidiosum Stizenberger (1890) 123, no. 67.

on bark, Boschberg, MacOwan, 67.

Var. macrocarpum Nyl.

Stirton (1877) 212 ; van der Byl (1935 a) 9 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 150.

on bark, Boschberg, MacOwan.

Leptogium saturninum Nyl.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 178.

Collema saturninum DC., Drège (1843) 134.

Hoffmanskloof, between Enon and Zuurbergen, Drège.

Leptogium tremelloides (Linn. f.) S. F. Gray

Nylander (1858 a) 124 ; Crombie (1876 a) 166 ; Stirton (1877) 211 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 49 ; Steiner (1907) 637 ; van der Byl (1931) 9, (1935 a) 10 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 155.

Lichen tremelloides Linn. f. (1781) 450 ; Thunberg (1800) 177, (1823) 745. Collema tremelloides Ach., Drège (1843) 80, 85, 123, 146.

amongst mosses on rocks and on branches and trunks of trees, Table Mt., Eaton ; Cape, Zeyher ; du Toits Kloof, Drège ; Paarlberg, Drège; in a valley in the forest between “Buffelsrivier” and “Key”, Drège ; between “Key” and “Basche”, Drège ; Kaymansgat,

254

Drège ; Boschberg, MacOwan (S.A. M. 46966) 70,71 ; Blue Lilies Valley, Humansdorp, Woodcock (S.A. M. 46929) ; Kentani, Pegler 1238, 72 ; Empangeni, R. H. Harris ; Highbury, Doidge, 1552 ; Nottingham Road, v. d. Byl 36 (det. A. L. Sm.) ; Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 983 pr. p. ; Izotsha, Rump, 1566 ; Kamberg, Crass, 1588 ; Mont-aux- Sources, Bottomley, 738 ; Xumeni Forest, Doidge, 1584 ; near Boroma, Menyharth ;

on Chaetacme aristata Planch., Winklespruit, v. d. Byl 53 (det. A. L. Sm.).

Var. azureum Nyl.

Nylander (1858 a) 125 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 221, Cat. Lich. III : 158.

Leptogium azureum (Sw.) Mont., von Flotow (1843) 20 ; Krauss (1846) 200 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 51.

on mossy stones in moist places, Boschberg, MacOwan 520 (?S.A.M. 47023) 68, 71 ; on bark and on mossy stones, Woodbush, Doidge, 66 (det. Lindau) ; in woods near river, Knysna, Krauss ; Hoofbos, Knysna, v. d. Byl 699 ; Stellenbosch, Slabbert ; Umtali, Eyles 4294 (v. d. Byl 573, det. A. L. Sm.) ; Stutterheim, Sr. de Victoria, 1480 ; Kirstenbosch, Bottomley, 779 ;

on Eugenia zuluensis Dummer, Xumeni Forest, Morgan & Doidge, 1695.

Physma byrsinum (Ach.) Müll.-Arg.

van der Byl (1935 a) 2 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 25.

Dichodium byrsinum Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 41.

Collema byrsinum Ach., Nylander (1869 a) 5.

on bark and mosses, Durban, Armstrong.

Physma callicarpum Hue

van der Byl (1935 a) 2 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 221, Cat. Lich. III : 26.

on trunks of trees, Plettenberg Bay, v. d. Byl 874.

HEPPIACEAE

Heppia azurea Vain.

apud Lynge (1937) 81.

on granite rocks, Matopos, v. d. Byl 151, Type.

Heppia guepini (Del.) Nyl.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 197.

Endocarpiscum guepini Nyl., J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 296 ; Stizenberger (1895) no. 519 ; Schinz (1905) 394.

on rocks, Mt. Kanduliri, Menyharth 1, 214.

Var. nigrolimbata Nyl.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 198.

Heppia nigrolimbata Nyl., van der Byl (1931) 9.

on rocks, Hysberge, v. d. Byl 372.

Heppia mossamedana Wain.

Wainio (1901) 417 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 192.

on limestone rocks, Serra de Montes Negros, Welwitsch 483

pr. p.

PANNARIACEAE

Coccocarpia pellita (Ach.) Müll.-Arg. var. parmelioides Müll.-Arg.

van der Byl (1931) 9 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 287.

on rock, Mayville, v. d. Byl 72 (det. A. L. Sm.).

255

Pannaria capensis Steiner

Steiner (1907) 643 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 240.

on bark, Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 1000 pr. p., Type.

Pannaria hookeri (Barr.) Nyl. var. leucolepis Th. Fr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 243.

Pannaria leucolepis Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 497.

on rocks, Table Mt., MacOwan.

Pannaria leucosticta Tuckerm. var. isidiopsis Nyl.

apud Crombie (1876 a) 171 ; Hue (1891) 39 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 245.

Pannularia leucosticta Stizenb. var. isidiopsis Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 498.

on bark, Table Mt., Eaton, Type.

Pannaria lurida Nyl.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 245.

Dichodium subluridium Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 42.

on bark, Cape, Breutel.

Pannaria rubiginosa (Thunb.) Del.

Crombie (1876 a) 171 ; Steiner (1907) 643 ; Juel (1918) 51 ; van der Byl (1931) 9 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 256.

Lichen rubiginosus Thunb. ex Acharius (1798) 99 ; Thunberg (1800) 176, (1823) 743.

Parmelia rubiginosa Ach., Drège (1843) 80, 85.

on bark and mossy stones, Cape, Thunberg ; Table Mt., Eaton ; Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 1000 pr. p. ; Caledon, v. d. Byl 364 (det. Vain.) ; Umtali, Eyles 4287 (v. d. Byl 570, det. A. L. Sm.) ; du Toits Kloof, Drège ; Paarlberg, Drège.

Var. lanuginosa (Hoffm.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 258.

Pannaria coerulobadia Massalongo (1861) 49.

Pannaria rubiginosa var. conoplea Körb., Stizenberger (1890) no. 494. amongst mosses, Cape, Wawra, MacOwan.

Var. phloeodes Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 188, no. 494 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 260. Pannaria phleodes Stilton (1877) 215.

on bark of old and dying trees, Boschberg, MacOwan (S.A.M. 46976) 81, Type.

Parmeliella coelestina Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 223.

on bark, Hoofbos, Knysna, v. d. Byl 877, Type.

Parmeliella corallinoides (Hoffm.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 205.

Biatora triptophylla Fr. ( corrallinoides Floerke, v. Flotow (1843) 20 ; Krauss (1846) 200.

Pannaria triptophylla (Ach.) Massal., Stizenberger (1890) no. 500.

on bark of tree, Cape, Gueinzius ; hills near Green Point, Krauss.

256

Parmeliella plumbea Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 20.

Parmelia plumbea Ach., Drège (1843) 132.

on bark, Samteesvlakte, near Enon, Drège.

Placynthiopsis africana Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 221.

on quartz rocks, Baakens River Valley, Brunnthaler, Type.

Psoroma asperellum Nyl.

Nylander (1863) 24 ; Hue (1891) 44 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IIl : 266. Lecanora asperella Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 523.

on bark among mosses, Cape of Good Hope.

Psoroma sphinctrina Nyl.

van der Byl (1931) 9 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 275.

Lecanora sphinctrina Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 524.

on bark, Cape of Good Hope ; on trunk of Quercus sp., Klapmuts, v. d.. Byl 102 (det. Merrill).

STICTACEAE

Lobaria interversans Wain.

van der Byl (1931) 9 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 302.

on bark, Barberton, Thorncroft (v. d. Byl 234, det. Vain.) ; The Wilderness, v. d. Byl 292 (det. Vain.).

Lobaria isidiosa Wain.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 490, Cat. Lich. III : 321.

Lobarina retigera Nyl. f. isidiosa Stizenberger (1895) no. 367.

on Podocarpus sp., van Reenen's Pass, Brunnthaler ; on bark of trees undet., Stutterheim, Sr. de Victoria, 1481 ; Fuller's Bush, T. R. Sim, 1455 ; Insikeni Forest, Henkel, 1466 ; Zwartkop, near Maritzburg, T. R. Sim, 1449 ; in bush, Highbury, Doidge, 1538 ; Estcourt, West, 1629 ; Entabene, Watson, 1504 ; near Haenertsburg, Kapp, 1761 ; near Tzaneen, Kapp, 1762.

Lobaria meridionalis Wain.

van der Byl (1931) 9 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 307.

on bark, Knysna, v. d. Byl 295 pr .p. (det. Vain.).

Lobaria patinifera (Tayl.) Hue

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 490, (1932) 224, Cat. Lich. III : 308 ; van der Byl (1931) 9.

Ricasolia patinifera Müll.-Arg., Steiner (1907) 642.

Ricasolia sublaevis Nylander (1869 a) 6 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 389.

on moss covered tree trunks and on bark, Skeleton Ravine, Table Mt., Brunnthaler ; Cape, Ecklon ; Durban, Armstrong ; Transvaal, Wilms ; Hoofbos, Knysna, v. d. Byl 698 pr. p.; Brenton, Knysna, v. d. Byl 686 ; Garden of Eden, Knysna, v. d. Byl 866 ; Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 975 pr. p., 980 ; Xumeni Forest, Doidge, 1578, 1582, 1585 ; Highbury, Doidge, 1557 a.

257

Lobaria pulmonaria (Linn.) Hoffm.

van der Byl (1931) 9 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 242, Cat. Lich. III : 309.

Lichen pulmonarius Linn., Thunberg (1800) 178, (1823) 745.

Sticta pulmonacea Ach., Drège (1843) 80, 125, 144, Nylander (1860 a) 351. Lobaria pulmonacea (Ach.) Shirley, Stizenberger (1890) no. 369.

on tree trunks, South Africa, without locality, Gueinzius, Breutel, Rehmann, Maclea, Thunberg ; du Toits Kloof, Drège ; in forest “Koratra”, Drège ; in

forest in a valley between “Buffelrivier” and “Key”, Drège ; Home Rule, Natal, T. R. Sim, 1454 ; Pirie Forest, H. A. Wager, 761 ; near Brits, Fouché, 1471 ; Hoofbos, Knysna, v. d. Byl 698, pr. p. ; Devils Peak, Barnard

(S.A. M. 28822) ; on rock, Caledon, Purcell (S.A. M. 46276) ; Kentani, Pegler 2433 (S.A. M. 46955, 46896).

f. hypomela Cromb.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 315.

Sticta pulmonaria Birola var. hypomela (Del.) Duby, Crombie (1876 a) 167. Lobaria pulmonacea var. hypomela Stizenberger (1890) 169, no. 369.

on trunks of trees, Table Mt., Eaton ; Transvaal, Wilms.

f. papillaris (Del.) Hue

Zahlbruckner (1932) 224, Cat. Lich. III : 316.

on trunks of trees, Kaffraria, Cooper (no. 1814 in Herb. Vindob.) ; Boschberg, MacOwan 686.

f. pleurocarpa Crombie

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 316.

Lobaria pulmonacea var. pleurocarpa Ach., von Flotow (1843) 26 ; Krauss (1846) 201.

on tree trunks, Boschberg, MacOwan, 150 ; on old trees, slopes of Table Mt., Krauss.

Lobaria quercizans (Ach.) Michx.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 224, Cat. Lich. III : 317.

Sticta quercizans Ach., Drège (1843) 134, 144 ; Crombie (1876 a) 167. Ricasolia crenulata Nyl. var. stenospora Nylander (1860 a) 373.

Ricasolia erosa Nylander (1860 a) 371 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 388.

Ricasolia ravenelii Nyl., Stirton (1877) 212.

Stictina quercizans (Ach.) Stizenberger (1890) no. 358.

on tree trunks and mossy rocks, in forest in a valley between “Buffelrivier” and “Key”, Drège ; Hoffman Kloof, between Enon and Zuureberge, Drège ; Table Mt., Eaton ; Cape and northern Natal, Rehmann ; Transvaal, McLea, Rehmann ; Buccleuch, J. M. Sim, 1447 ; Champagne Castle, Bayer, 1740 ; Highbury, Doidge, 1557 ; Xumeni Forest, Doidge, 1578 ; Knysna, v. d. Byl 878. 879, 892 c, 896 ; Grootrivier, v. d. Byl 845, 846 ; Storms River, v. d. Byl 875 ; Boschberg, MacOwan (S.A. M. 46895) 141 ; Blue Lilies Bush, Humansdorp, Woodcock (S.A. M. 46927).

Lobaria retigera (Bory) Trevis.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 321.

Sticta retigera Ach., Nylander (1860 a) 351.

Lobarina retigera Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 367.

on mossy tree trunks, South Africa, Rehmann ; ? Boschberg, MacOwan

(S.A. M. 46983).

Lobaria verrucosa (Stop.) Hoffm.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 322.

Lobarina scrobiculata Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 366.

on trunks and mossy stones, near Kooksbosch, Breutel, Zeyher.

258

Sticta ambavillaria Ach.

Nylander (18E0 a) 346 ; van der Byl (1931) 10 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 369.

on bark, Cape, Drège ; Boschberg, MacOwan (S.A. M. 46981) ; Keurboomsrivier, v. d. Byl 286 (det. Vain.).

Sticta argyracea (Bory) Del.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 370.

Stictina argyracea Nylander (1860 a) 334 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 348.

on bark, Cape.

f. rigidula Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III 371.

Stictina argyracea var. rigidula Nylander (1869 a)6 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 348.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

Var. aspera Krempelh.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 371.

Sticta aspera Laur., Drège (1843) 144.

on bark, in forest in a valley between “Buffelrivier” and “Key”, Drège.

Var. flavescens Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 372.

Stictina argyracea var. flavescens Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 348.

on bark, Cape, Wilms.

Sticta aurata (J. E. Sm. & Sow.) Ach.

Drège (1843) 124, 125, 134, 144 ; von Flotow (1843) 27 ; Krauss (1846) 201; Nylander (1860 a) 361, (1869 a) 6 ; Crombie (1876 a) 167 ; Stizenberger (1890, 1895) no. 379 ; J. Müller-Arg. (1893 a) 509 ; van der Byl (1931) 9; Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 492, Cat. Lich. III : 330, VIII : 606.

Stictina aurata Ach., Steiner (1907) 643.

Pseudocyphellaria aurata Wain., Gyelnik (1931 d) 295.

on Portulacaria afra Jacq., Despatch, Brunnthaler ; on bark of Acacia and Gymnosporia, Swellendam, Krauss ; on mossy rocks and on trunks of trees undet., in forest “Koratra”, Drège ; in forest in valley between “Bufelrivier” and “Key”, Drège ; between “Omtata” and “Omsamwubo”, Drège ; Hoffmans Kloof, between Enon and Zuureberge, Drège ; “Hoogekraalsrivier”, Drège ; Durban, Armstrong ; Table Mt., Eaton ; Transvaal, Wilms ; Pondoland, Bachmann ; Barberton, v. d. Byl 235 (det. Vain.) ; Knysna, Hean, (v. d. Byl 293, det. Vain.), Duthie (v. d. Byl 417), Pienaar, 109 ; Stutterheim, Sr. de Victoria, 1484 ; Entabene, Watson, 1376 ; without locality, T. R. Sim, 1458 ; Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 977 ; Umtali, Eyles 4239 (v. d. Byl 567, det. A. L. Sm.) ; Nongoma, Gerstner, 1592 ; Kidds Beach, Schaefer, 1747 ; Blue Lilies Bush, Humansdorp, Woodcock (S.A. M. 46928) ; Kentani, Pegler (S.A. M. 46897) ; Garcia's Pass, Thorne (S.A. M. 38829).

Var. pallens Nyl.

Stirton (1877) 212 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 333.

on bark, Boschberg, MacOwan (S.A. M. 46985).

Sticta carpoloma Del. var. albocyphellata Nyl.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 374.

Stictina carpoloma var. albocyphellata Nylander (1869 a) 6.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

259

Sticta clathrata (Trevis.) de Not.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 336.

on dead branches in bush, Highbury, Doidge, 1557 b.

Var. subhirsuta

van der Byl (1931) 10, ? nom. nud.

on tree trunks, Woodbush, v. d. Byl 532 (det. Vain.).

Sticta crocata (Linn.) Ach.

Acharius (1803) 277, (1810) 447, (1814) 232 ; Drège (1843) 80, 84, 88, 105, 114 ; Massalongo (1861) 49 ; Crombie (1876 a) 167 ; Juel (1918) 49 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 491, Cat. Lich. III : 376, VIII ; 606.

Lichen crocatus Linn., Thunberg (1800) 178, (1823) 747.

Stictina crocata Nylander (1860 a) 338 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 353.

Cyanisticta crocata Gyelnik (1931 a) 7, (1931 d) 295.

on bark of trees, Table Mt., and Devils Peak, at foot of mountains, Drège ; Table Mt., Eaton ; Devils Peak, Ecklon 25 (S.A. M. 46862) ; in krantzes, Table Mt., Drège ; on trunks, Skeleton Ravine, Table Mt., Brunnthaler ; “Gnadenthal”, Drège ; du Toits Kloof, Drège ; Simonsberg, Drège ; Cape, without locality, Thunberg, Wawra ; Transvaal, Rehmann ; Inanda, Medley Wood 501, 151 ; Nottingham Road, v. d. Byl 37 (det. A. L. Sm.) ; Kentani, Pegler (S.A.M. 46956).

Var. isidialia Gyeln.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 309.

Cyanisticta crocata var. isidialia Gyelnik (1931 a) 7.

Pseudocyphellaria crocata (L.) Wain. var. isidialia Gyeln., Magnusson (1940) 15.

on bark, South Africa, without locality, Drège (sub Sticta crocata var. gilva in Herb. Mus. nat. Hist. Wien, pr. p.).

Sticta damaecornis (Sw.) Ach.

Nylander (1860 a) 356 ; Stirton (1877) 212 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 370 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 a) 183, Cat. Lich. III : 337.

on bark, Cape of Good Hope ; near Kimberley, Shaw.

Sticta endochrysea Del.

von Flotow (1843) 26 ; Krauss (1846) 201 ; Stizenberger (1890 & 1895) no. 377 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 342.

? near Lydenburg, Wilms ;

? on old trees, slopes of Table Mt., Krauss.

Doubtful record.

Sticta fuliginosa (Dicks.) Ach.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 491, (1932) 225, Cat. Lich. III : 383, VIII : 310, 606 ; van der Byl (1931) 10.

Stictina fuliginosa Nyl., Stirton (1877) 212 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 363 ; Gyelnik (1931 d) 294.

on bark and mossy stones, Van Reenens Pass, Brunnthaler ; Knysna, Duthie (v. d. Byl 406, 418) ; near Knysna, v. d. Byl 817 ; Woodbush, v. d. Byl 534 (det. Vain.) ; Umtali, Ryles 4273 (v. d. Byl 566, det. A. L. Sm.) ; Pirie Forest, Doidge, 223 ; near Haeneitsburg, Kapp, 1767 ; Boschberg, MacOwan (S.A. M. 46982).

Sticta gilva Ach.

Acharius (1803) 278, (1810) 448 ; Crombie (1876 a) 167 ; Stizenberger (1890 & 1895) no. 354 ; Juel (1918) 50 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 491, (1932) 224, Cat. Lich. III : 386, VIII : 310, 606 ; van der Byl (1931) 10.

260

Lichen gilvus Acharius (1798) 157 ; Thunberg (1800) 178, (1823) 746.

Sticta crocata var. gilva Acharius (1814) 238.

Sticta ecklonii Sprengel (1827) 330.

Stictina gilva (Ach.) Nylander (1860 a) 339 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 354 ; J. Müller-Arg. (1893 a) 509.

Cyanisticta gilva Gyelnik (1931 a) 5, (1931 d) 295.

Pseudocyphellaria gilva (Ach.) Malme, Magnusson (1940) 33.

on bark and on mossy stones, Cape, Thunberg ; Table Mt., Ecklon 323, Marloth 102, 104, Eaton, Wilms, Wawra ; Cape, Wahlberg, Zeyher ; Durban, Gueinzius 6, 10 ; Pondoland, Bachmann ; Skeleton Ravine, Table Mt., Brunnthaler ; Stellenbosch, Hofmeyr (v. d. Byl 445, det. Vain.) ; Devils Peak, on rocks, Pappe 26 (S.A. M. 46863), Gueinzius ; Table Mt., Dippenaar & du Plessis.

Var. angustilobata Gyeln.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 310.

Cyanisticta gilva var. angustilobata Gyelnik (1931 a) 5. Cape, Fée (sub Sticta gilva in Herb. Mus. Berlin-Dahlem).

Var. lanata Gyeln.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 311.

Cyanisticta gilva var. lanata Gyelnik (1931 a) 5.

Collema lanatum Pers., Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 386.

South Africa, Drège (Berlin-Dahlem) ; Cape, without locality (Berlin-Dahlem) ; Cape, Gueinzius (Berlin-Dahlem).

Var. pseudogilva Gyeln.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 311.

Cyanisticta gilva var. pseudogilva Gyelnik (1931 a) 5.

Cape, Gueinzius (sub Sticta gilva in Herb. Mus. Berlin-Dahlem).

Sticta hornemanni Fr.

Fries (1820) 43 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 349.

Cape of Good Hope : “Exactius non cognita a recentioribus neglecta” Zahlbr. l.c.

Sticta intricata (Nyl.) Del.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 389.

Stictina intricata Nylander (1860 a) 334, (1869 a) 6 ; Hue (1890) 295 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 349 ; Steiner (1907) 643.

on trunks of trees, Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 984 pr. p. ; Durban, Armstrong ; Inanda, Medley Wood 501, 151 a.

Var. hesseana Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 390.

Stictina hesseana Krempelh., Stizenberger (1890) no. 350.

on bark, Cape of Good Hope, Hesse.

Sticta limbata Ach.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 391, VIII : 311, 606.

Stictina limbata Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 361 ; Gyelnik (1931 a) 3, (1931 d) 294.

on mossy trunks, Natal, Rehmann ; Transvaal, Wilms.

261

Sticta mougeotiana (Nyl.) Del.

von Flotow (1843) 26 ; Krauss (1846) 201 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 395. Sticta erythroscypha Taylor (1847) 181.

Cape, Zeyher ; Inanda, Medley Wood 501, 151 ; on old trees, slopes of Table Mt., Krauss.

Var. aurigera Nyl.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 396.

Stictina mougeotiana var. aurigera Nyl., J. Müller-Arg. (1893 a) 509 ; Stizenberger (1895) no. 356.

on tree trunks, Pondoland, Bachmann.

Sticta subcrocata Gyeln.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 312.

Cyanistica subcrocata Gyelnik (1931 a) 7.

South Africa, Drège (sub Sticta crocata var. gilva pr. p., Wien.).

Sticta sylvatica Ach.

Drège (1843) 144 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 399, VIII : 606.

Stictina sylvatica Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 363 ; Gyelnik (1931 d) 295.

on tree trunks and branches, Table Mt., Rehmann ; Pirie Forest, Doidge, 223; in forest, in a valley between “Buffelrivier” and “Key”, Drège.

Sticta thouarsii Del.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 607.

Stictina intricata var. thouarsii Nylander (1869 a) 6 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 349.

Cyanisticta thouarsii Gyelnik (1931 d) 298.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

Sticta tomentosa (Sw.) Ach.

Acharius (1803) 279, (1810) 450, (1814) 234 ; Drège (1843) 125 ; Juel (1918) 51 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 403.

Lichen tomentosus Sw., Thunberg (1800) 178, (1823) 746.

Stictina tomentosa Nylander (1869 a) 6 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 352.

on bark, Cape, Thunberg ; Durban, Armstrong ; in forest, “Koratra”, Drège.

Sticta variabilis (Bory) Ach.

Nylander (1869 a) 6 ; Stizenberger, (1890) no. 376 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 366, VIII : 313.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

Sticta weigelii Ach.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 224, Cat. Lich. III : 404 ; van der Byl (1931) 10.

Stictina quercizans Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 358.

on bark, Orange Free State, Cooper 1046 pr. p. ; Nottingham Road, v. d. Byl 35 (det. A. L. Sm.) ; Woodbush, v. d. Byl 533 (det. Vain.) ; near Tzaneen, Kapp, 1762 a.

Var. sublimbata Steiner

Steiner (1907) 642 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 406.

on bark, Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 981 pr. p., 983 ; on rocks in streams, Champagne Castle, Bayer, 1740.

262

PELTIGERACEAE

Nephroma africanum Gyeln.

Gyelnik (1931 c) 135.

South Africa, without locality, Drège.

Nephroma capense Massal.

Massalongo (1861) 85 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 c) Pl. 5, f. 1-4, Cat. Lich. III : 442. on ground and on trunks of trees, Cape, without locality (ex Herb. Hampe).

Nephroma cellulosum Ach.

Drège (1843) 85 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 427.

on bark, Paarlberg, Drège.

Nephroma flavireagens Gyeln.

Gyelnik (1931 c) 135.

Cape, without locality, Gueinzius.

Nephroma laevigatum Ach.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 427.

Nephromium laevigatum Nylander (1860 a) 320.

on trunks of trees and on mossy rocks, Cape of Good Hope ; Boschberg, MacOwan, (S.A. M. 46965).

Nephroma resupinatum Ach. f. helveticum Rabenh.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 439.

Nephroma helveticum Ach., Drège (1843) 80.

Nephromium helveticum Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 392.

on trunks of trees and on mossy rocks, South Africa, Gueinzius, Breutel, Rehmann ; du Toits Kloof, Drège ; Boschberg, MacOwan (S.A. M. 46967).

Nephroma tropicum (Müll.-Arg.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 442.

Nephromium tropicum Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1883) 21, (1894) 250.

Stictina membranacea Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1893 a) 514 ; Stizenberger (1895) no. 348bis.

on mossy tree trunks, Baziya, Baur 715, Kew.

Peltigera canina (Linn.) Willd.

Crombie (1876 a) 170 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 396 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 457.

amongst mosses on ground and on tree trunks, South Africa ; on trees, Table Mt., Eaton.

f. leucorrhiza Floerke

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 462.

on ground and on rocks in bush, Lundie's Hill, Morgan & Doidge.

f. membranacea Duby

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 463.

Peltigera membranacea (Ach.) Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 397.

Boschberg, MacOwan ; Natal, Rehmann ; Transvaal, Maclea, Wilms.

263

Peltigera malacea (Ach.) Funck.

Massalongo (1861) 49 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 395 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 472.

? on ground, Cape, Wawra.

Peltigera polydactyla (Neck.) Hoffm.

Nylander (1860 a) 326 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 402 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 475.

amongst mosses on ground around tree trunks, Africa, extending to Cape of Good Hope.

f. hymenina (Ach.) Flotow

Stizenberger (1890) no. 402 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 479.

on ground amongst mosses, near Kooksbosch, Breutel.

Solorina sorediifera Nyl.

Nylander (1860 a) 331 ; Hue (1890) 312 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 420. Solorinina sorediifera (Nyl.) Stizenberger (1890) no. 407.

Cape of Good Hope.

LECIDEACEAE

Bacidia aemula (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 168.

Lecidea aemula Stizenberger (1891) no. 991.

on bark, Boschberg, MacOwan (Zwackh. Lich. exsic. 822).

Bacidia amylothelia Vain.

Vainio (1926) 18 ; van der Byl (1931) 10 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 397. Bacidia laurocerasi Wain. var. amylothelia (Wain.) Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 124.

Lecidea laurocerasi Nyl. var. amylothelia Wainio (1901) 420.

on bark of tree, Onrust, v. d. Byl 328 (det. Vain.) ; also in tropical Angola.

Bacidia beckhausii (Stizenb.) Körb.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 180.

Bacidia bacillifera Branth. & Rostr., van der Byl (1931) 10.

on trunk of Quercus sp., v. d. Byl 86 (det. Merrill).

Var. stenospora Arn. f. acutata Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 182.

Lecidea stenospora (Hepp.) Nyl. var. acutata Stizenberger (1891) 145, no. 1009.

on branches in bush, Karkloof, Rehmann.

Bacidia capreolina (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 184.

Lecidea capreolina Stizenberger (1891) 143, no. 994.

on branches of trees, Spitzkop, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Bacidia caruncula (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 104.

Lecidea caruncula Stizenberger (1891) 141, no. 979.

on branches in bush, Karkloof, Rehmann.

264

Bacidia chlorophaeata (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 185.

Lecidea chlorophaeata Nyl. apud Crombie (1876 a) 176, (1876 b) 20 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1002 ; Hue (1891) 122.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton.

Bacidia cyrtocheila (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 109.

Lecidea cyrtocheila Stizenberger (1891) 140, no. 975.

on bark of trees, Boschberg, MacOwan (Herb. Lojka), Type.

Bacidia effusa (J. E. Sm.) Trevis. var. intermedia Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 191.

Lecidea intermedia Nyl., Stizenberger (1891) no. 998.

on bark, Boschberg, MacOwan.

Bacidia endoleuca (Nyl.) Kickx

Zahlbruckner (1932) 237, Cat. Lich. IV : 192 ; van der Byl (1931) 10.

Lecidea endoleuca Nylander (1869 a) 11 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 984.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong ; Boschberg, MacOwan 1072 ; near Lydenburg, Wilms ; on bark of Cassine croceum O. Ktze., Hoofbos, Knysna, v. d. Byl 697, 904, 909 ; on branches of Canthium sp., Brenton, Knysna, v. d. Byl 668 ; on Populus sp., Zwart Brug, George, v. d. Byl 930.

Bacidia endoleucella (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 237, Cat. Lich. IV : 193.

Lecidea endoleucella Stizenberger (1891) 142, no. 988.

on bark, Cape, MacOwan (Herb. Lojka), Type ; on branches of Rapanea melanophleos Mez., The Heads, Knysna, v. d. Byl 675.

Bacidea epicyanea Vain.

Vainio (1926) 17 ; van der Byl (1931) 10 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 401. on bark of Curtisia faginea Ait., near Knysna, v. d. Byl 259, Type.

Bacidia friesiana (Hepp.) Anzi var. norrlinii Vain.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 199.

Lecidea norrlinii Lamy, Stizenberger (1891) no. 1000.

on bark, Durban, Wilms.

Bacidia fuscorubella (Hoffm.) Bausch

Zahlbruckner (1932) 240, Cat. Lich. IV : 200.

Lecidea fuscorubella (Hoffm.) Röhl., Stizenberger (1891) no. 993.

on bark of a pomiferous tree, near Lydenburg, Wilms ; on bark, Hoofbos, Knysna, v. d. Byl 890 ; on bark of Fagara capensis Thunb., Winkle Spruit, v. d. Byl 54 (det. A. L. Sm.).

Bacidia heteroloma (Vain.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 204.

f. firmior Vain., van der Byl (1931) 10, ? nom. nud.

on bark, Hopefield, v. d. Byl 148 (det. Vain.).

265

Bacidia inconsequens (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 115.

Lecidea inconsequens Nylander (1869 a) 10 ; Hue (1891) 106 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 980.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong, Type.

Bacidia inconveniens (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 208.

Lecidea inconveniens Nylander (1869 a) 11 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1006.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong, Type.

Bacidia intermedia Hampe

apud Massalongo (1861) 89 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 252.

on bark, Cape of Good Hope.

Bacidia leucostephana (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 214.

Lecidea leucostephana Stizenberger (1891) 142, no. 987.

on bark, Boschberg, MacOwan 516, 52, Type.

Bacidia lugubris (Norm.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 163.

Lecidea caudata Nyl., Stizenberger (1891) no. 1110.

Rhopalospora caffra Massalongo (1861) 73.

on sandstone rocks, Cape, Wawa.

Bacidia luteola (Schrad.) Mudd

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 215.

Lecidea luteola Ach., Stirton (1877) 218 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 981.

on bark, Durban, Medley Wood (MacOwan 204) Boschberg, MacOwan 510, 53.

f. chlorotica Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 218.

? Lecidea chlorotica (Ach.) Nyl., Stizenberger (1891) no. 999.

Lecidea luteola var. chlorotica Ach., Stirton (1877) 218.

on trunks of trees, Boschberg, MacOwan 513, 54.

f. conspondens Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 219.

Lecidea luteola f. conspondens Nyl., Stirton (1877) 218.

on trunks of trees, Boschberg, MacOwan.

Bacidia medialis (Tuckerm.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 221.

Lecidea medialis Tuckerm., Stizenberger (1891) no. 1003.

on bark, Boschberg, MacOwan 510, 56.

266

Bacidia millegrana (Tayl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 237, Cat. Lich. IV : 222.

Lecidea millegrana Nylander (1869 a) 11 ; Stirton (1877) 218 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 983.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong ; Boschberg, MacOwan 510, 56 ; Hoofbos, Knysna, v. d. Byl 893.

Bacidia proposita (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 234.

Lecidea proposita Nyl., Stirton (1877) 219 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 991.

on rocks, South Africa.

Bacidia rufata (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 239.

Lecidea rufata Stizenberger (1891) 144, no. 995.

on bark of tree of the family Malvaceae, near Durban, Wilms, Type.

? Bacidia sabuletorum Lettau

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 140.

Lecidea sabuletorum (? author) Drège (1843) 52.

on ground, Witberg, Drège.

Bacidia stupposa (Massal.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1905) 135, Cat. Lich. IV : 241.

Byssospora stupposa Massalongo (1861) 89.

on trunks of trees, Cape of Good Hope, Drège (Herb. Hampe).

Bacidia subluteola (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 243.

Lecidea subluteola Nyl., Stirton (1877) 219.

on bark, South Africa, without locality.

Bacidia subpadicea (Müll.-Arg.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 244.

Lecidea subspadicea Stizenberger (1891) 145, no. 1008.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Bacidia trifaria (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 246.

Lecidea trifaria Stizenberger (1891) 142, no. 985.

on bark of trees in bush, near Karkloof, Rehmann, Type.

Catillaria chalybeia (Borr.) Massal.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 13.

Lecidea chalybeia Borr., Crombie (1876 a) 178 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1193.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton ; Lions Head, MacOwan.

Catillaria finckei Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1921) 238, (1926 b) 494, Cat. Lich. IV : 17, VIII : 389.

on sandstone, Windhoek, Fincke, Type.

267

Catillaria intermixta (Nyl.) Arn.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 237, Cat. Lich. IV : 47.

on bark, Garden of Eden, Knysna, v. d. Byl 865 ; Grootrivier, v. d. Byl 834.

f. cyanocentra Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 48.

Lecidea intermixta f. cyanocentra Nylander (1869 a) 48. on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

Catillaria lenticularis (Ach.) Th. Fr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 237, Cat. Lich. IV : 49 ; van. der Byl (1931) 10.

on schistose rocks, Hermanus, v. d. Byl 780 ; on rocks, Glencairn, v. d. Byl 1003.

f. chloropoliza Boist.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 52.

Lecidea chloropoliza Nyl., Stizenberger (1891) no. 1199.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton.

Catillaria melampepla (Tuckerm.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 21.

Lecidea melampepla Tuckerman (1860) 419 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 969. Biatora melampepla Tuckerman (1888) 157.

on bark of shrubs, Simonstown, Wright, Type.

Catillaria mollescens Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 169.

on bark of Acacia melanoxylon R. Br., Knysna, v. d. Byl 919, Type.

Catillaria mortualis (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 21.

Lecidea mortualis Stizenberger (1891) 180, no. 1198.

on rocks, Table Mt., MacOwan, Type.

Catillaria nigroclavata (Nyl.) Schuler

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 60.

Lecidea lenticularia var. nigroclavata (Nyl.) Stizenberger (1891) no. 1192. on bark of Pinus sp., Table Mt., MacOwan.

Catillaria opacata (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 63.

Lecidea opacata Stizenberger (1891) 179, no. 1196.

on sandstone rocks, Cape, MacOwan, Type.

Catillaria rhyparoleuca Massal.

Massalongo (1861) 70 as C. ryparolemca ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 68. Lecidea rhypharoleuca Stizenberger (1891) 179, no. 1197.

on quartzite rocks, Devil's Peak, Wawa, Type.

268

Catillaria stictella (Stirt.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 73.

Lecidea stictella Stirton (1877) 218.

on bark, Cape, MacOwan, Type.

Catillaria subfuscata (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 73.

Lecidea subfuscata Nylander (1859) 243 ; Hue (1891) 111 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 964.

Cape, without locality.

Lecidea achristella Vain.

apud Lynge (1937) 84.

on bark of Acacia mollissima Willd., Howick, v. d. Byl 198, Type.

Lecidea aeneola (Arn.) Wain. var. fuscoatrata (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 501.

Lecidea fuscoatrata Nyl., Stizenberger (1891) no. 1108.

on sandstone rocks, summit of Lions Head and Table Mt., MacOwan.

Lecidea affine Merrill

van der Byl (1931) 11, ? nom. nud.

on stone, Klapmuts, v. d. Byl (det. Merrill).

Lecidea albocoerulescens (Wulf) Ach.

Stizenberger (1891) no. 1080 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 504.

on rocks, Lions Head, MacOwan.

Var. flavocoerulescens (Hornem.) Schaer.

Stizenberger (1891) no. 1080.

on rocks, Hottentot's Holland Mts., MacOwan.

Lecidea angolensis Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1880 a) 35 ; Stizenberger (1891) 158, no. 1093 ; Schultze (1907) 706 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 492, Cat. Lich. III : 513.

on rocks, Lydenburg, Wilms ; Lebombo Mts., Wilms ; Boschberg, MacOwan ; Kooa, Kalahari, Schultze 51 b ; on sandstone, Genadendal, near Caledon, Brunnthaler.

Lecidea anteposita Nyl.

Nylander (1869 a) 9 ; Hue (1891) 107 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 932 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 733.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong, Type.

Lecidea aporetica Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1891) 138, no. 957 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 734.

on trunks of trees, Boschberg, MacOwan, Type.

Lecidea bruguierae Vain.

Vainio (1926) 19 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 367.on bark of Bruguiera gymnorhiza Lam., near Durban, v. d. Byl 140, Type.

269

Lecidea buxea Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1891) 155, no. 1077 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 530.

on rocks, " Duivels Knokler ", near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Lecidea caledonica Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 228.

on sandstone rocks, Genadendal Mt., Brunnthaler, Type.

Lecidea capensis Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 532.

Lecidea ochroidea Stizenberger (1891) 159, no. 1100.

on sandstone rocks, summit of Lions Head, MacOwan, Type.

Lecidea cinnamomea Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1891) 138, no. 954 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 748.

on bark of pomiferous trees, near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Lecidea crassa Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1891) 134, no. 928 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 866.

Lepraria crassa Nees apud Stizenberger, l.c.

on ground, Cape, Zeyher, Type ; near Sir Lowry Pass, MacOwan.

Lecidea crenata (Tayl.) Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1891) 149, no. 1042 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 866. Endocarpon crenatum Taylor (1847) 156.

on the ground, near the Saltpan of the Zwartskops River, Uitenhage, Zeyher , (Herb. Hook.) Type ; Worcester and Matjesfontein, Brunnthaler ; Namaqualand, R. Marloth ; in dry watercourses, Kalahari Desert, Schinz ; Aughrabies Falls, Barnard (S.A. M. 28815) ; between Montagu and Triangle, Barnard (S.A. M. 28646).

Var. coroniformis (Krempelh.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 236, Cat. Lich. III : 866.

Lecidea coroniformis Krempelh., van der Byl (1931) 10.

on ground, Jansenville, v. d. Byl 702 ; near Douglas, Grosskopf (v. d. Byl 1043) ; Karroo, v. d. Byl 1044 ; Steinkopf, Namaqualand, Meyer (v. d. Byl 947).

Var. speirea (Tayl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 866.

Endocarpon speireum Taylor (1948) 156.

on the ground, Bushman's country, Zeyher, Type (Herb. Hook.).

Lecidea crustulata (Ach.) Floerke

Drège (1843) 86 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 549.

Lecidea nitidula Fries, von Flotow (1843) 21 ; Krauss (1846) 200.

on rocks, Paarlberg, Drège ; slopes of Lions Head, Krauss.

Lecidea cyanocentra Nyl.

Nylander (1869 a) 9 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 963 ; not in Zahlbr. Cat. Lich.

on bark, Durban, Armstromg, Type.

Lecidea deceptoria Nyl.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 236, Cat. Lich. III : 867 ; van der Byl (1931) 10.

on decomposed rocks, Stellenbosch, Duthie (v. d. Byl 784).

270

Lecidea decipiens Ach.

Drège (1843) 52, 67, 92, 108 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1040 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 867.

Lichen incarnatus Thunberg (1800) 176, (1823) 742.

Biotora decipiens Fr., von Flotow (1843) 21 ; Krauss (1846) 200.

Patellaria incarnata Ach., Juel (1918) 50.

on calcareous soil and on crumbling rock, Cape, Thunberg ; Witberg, Drège; Boschberg, MacOwan, 50 ; Haifischinsel, Fincke ; in the Karroo below the Bokkeveld, Thunberg ; near Koega River, Krauss ; between Droogeheuvels and Jakhalsfontein, Drège ; between Natvoet and Garip, Drège ; on dry, stony hills, Ebenezar, Drège.

Lecidea decrustulata Vain.

Vainio (1926) 25 ; van der Byl (1931) 10 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 339.

on sandstone rock, Stellenbosch, v. d. Byl 252, Type and v. d. Byl 258

pr. p.

Lecidea elaeochroma Ach.

Drège (1843) 86 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 225, Cat. Lich. III : 567.

Lecidea parasema Ach. var. elaeochroma Ach., Crombie (1876 a) 177 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1062.

Lecidea olivacea Massal., van der Byl (1931) 10.

on bark, near Cape Town, MacOwan ; Table Mt., Eaton ; The Heads, Knysna, v. d. Byl 681 ; on bark of Quercus sp., Elsenburg, v. d. Byl 241 (det. Vain.) ; Genadendal, Brunnthaler ; Paarlberg, Drège.

f. flavicans (Ach.) Th. Fr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 226, Cat. Lich. III : 570.

on bark of Fraxinus excelsior Linn., Stellenbosch, v. d. Byl 816.

f. geographica (Bagl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 571.

Lecidea enteroleuca Ach. var. geographica Bagl., Stizenberger (1891) no. 1066.

on bark, Table Mt., Wilms ; Lydenburg, Wilms.

Var. hyalina (Martius) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 571.

Lecidea olivacea Massal. var. ambigua Lettau, van der Byl (1931) 10.

on trunk of Quercus sp., Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 141 (det. Vain.) ; Cape Town, Eyles (v. d. Byl 386) ; Elsenburg, v. d. Byl ; on Rapanea melanophleos Mez., The Heads, Knysna, v. d. Byl.

Lecidea elginensis Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 166.

on quartz rock, Viljoensdorp near Elgin, v. d. Byl 1012, Type.

Lecidea epichromatica Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 227.

on quartz rocks, Cape Point, v. d. Byl 1006, Type.

Lecidea esuriens Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 168.

on sandstone, Botany Bay, v. d. Byl 999, Type.

Lecidea exigua Chaub.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 758.

Lecidea parasema Ach. var. exigua Nyl., Stizenberger (1891) no. 1062.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

271

Lecidea exiguella Vain.

Vainio (1926) 21 ; van der Byl (1931) 10 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 369.

on bark of Pinus sp., Stellenbosch, v. d. Byl 344, Type.

Lecidea finckei Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1921) 237, (1926 b) 493, Cat. Lich. III : 760, VIII : 369.

on granite, Haifischinsel, off Lüderitzbucht, Fincke, Type.

Lecidea fucina Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1891) 154, no. 1074 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 578.

on rocks in Warm Bokkeveld Mts., near Ceres, MacOwan, Type.

Lecidea fuscoatra Ach.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 579.

Lecidea fumosa Ach., Drège (1843) 80, 85.

on rocks, du Toits Kloof, Drège ; Paarlberg, Drège.

Lecidea fuscotabulata Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1891) 162, no. 1109 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 587.

on hard rock, near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Lecidea geina Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1891) 154, no. 1075 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 587.

on ground, Lions Head, MacOwan, Type.

Lecidea glebaria Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1891) 137, no. 953 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 768.

on ground, Spitzkop, near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Lecidea glencairnensis Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 226.

on sandstone rocks, Glencairn, v. d. Byl 1002, Type.

Lecidea glomerulosa (DC.) Steud.

van der Byl (1931) 10 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 588.

on trunk of Quercus sp., Stellenbosch, v. d. Byl 237 (det. Vain.).

Lecidea gouritzensis Vain.

Vainio (1926) 25 ; van der Byl (1931) 10 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 342.

on rock, Gouritz River, v. d. Byl 374, Type.

Lecidea granifera (Ach.) Wain.

Wainio (1901) 424 ; Stizenberger, Cat. Lich. III : 768.

Lecidea aurigera Fée, Nylander (1869 a) 9 ; Hue (1891) 105 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 940.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

272

Lecidea granulosula Nyl.

apud Cronabie (1876 a) 177, (1876 b) 21 ; Hue (1891) 127 as L. granulosa ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1069 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 592.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Type ; Lions Head, MacOwan.

Lecidea grisella Floerke var. mosigii Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 594.

Lecidea fumosa var. mosigii von Flotow (1843) 29 ; Krauss (1846) 200.

on decomposed granite, Camps Bay, Krauss.

Lecidea griseofusciuscula Vain.

apud Lynge (1937) 84 ; van der Byl (1931) 10.

on trunk of tree, Eshowe, v. d. Byl 185, 186, 190, 194 (number of type not quoted by Lynge).

Lecidea guamensis Vain.

van der Byl (1931) 10.

on trunk of tree, Pinetown, v. d. Byl 173, det. Vain.

Lecidea hereroënsis Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 492, Cat. Lich. VIII : 371.

f. genuina Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, 1.c.

on primitive rocks, Windhoek, Fincke, Type.

f. depauperata Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, 1.c.

on primitive rocks, Haifischinsel, on Lüderitzbucht, Fincke, Type.

Lecidea howickensis Vain.

Vainio (1926) 24 ; van der Byl (1931) 10 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 343. on rock, Howick, v. d. Byl 223, Type.

Lecidea hysbergensis Vain.

Vainio (1926) 24 ; van der Byl (1931) 10 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 343. on rock, Hysberge, between Callitzdorp and Ladismith, v . d. Byl 373, Type.

Lecidea inscripta Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1891) 154, no. 1072 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 599.

on rocks, near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Lecidea insculpta Flotow

von Flotow (1843) 20 ; Krauss (1846) 200 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 599. on rocks, Tygerberg, Krauss, Type.

f. oxydata Flotow

von Flotow, 1.c.

on rocks, Cape of Good Hope.

273

Lecidea lactaria Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1891) 158, no. 1094 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 225, Cat. Lich. III : 604. on red sandstone rocks, Lions Head, MacOwan, Type ; on schistose rocks, Van Reenen's Pass, Brunnthaler.

Lecidea lactens Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1891) no. 1076.

on sandstone rocks, Lions Head, MacOwan, Type.

Lecidea langbaanensis Vain.

Vainio (1926) 23 ; van der Byl (1931) 10 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 345.

on granite rocks, Langebaan, v. d. Byl 357, Type.

Lecidea leptobola Nyl.

Nylander (1868) 515 ; Hue (1891) 130 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1097 ; Wainio (1901) 426 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 615.

on sandstone rocks, Serra de Lopollo, near Huilla, Welwitsch.

Lecidea (?) lithagogo Wain.

Wainio (1901) 425 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 68.

Lecanora lithagogo Nylander (1868) 512 ; Hue (1891) 79 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 828.

on calcareous rocks, Serra de Montes Negros, near Mossamedes, Welwitsch 16, 51 pr. p.

Lecidea meiospora Nyl.

Crombie (1876 a) 177 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1082 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 634.

on schistose rocks, Table Mt., Eaton.

Lecidea mossamedana Wain.

Wainio (1901) 424 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 803.

on limestone rocks, Serra de Months Negros, Welwitsch 13, 15 pr. p., Type.

Lecidea mutabilis Fée

Nylander (1869 a) 9 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 930 ; J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 298 ; Schinz (1905) 395 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 803.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong ; near Boroma, Menyharth.

Lecidea natalensis Nyl.

Crombie (1877) 215 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 945 ; Hue (1891) 109 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 804.

Lecidea fuscorubescens Nylander (1869 a) 9 (not L. fuscorubescens Nyl. in Lich. Andam. 1873).

on bark, Durban, Armstrong, Type.

Lecidea nigropallida Nyl.

Nylander (1857) 124 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1055.

Cape of Good Hope, Drège.

274

Lecidea obumbrata Nyl.

apud Crombie (1876 a) 177 ; Hue (1891) 129 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1111 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 643.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Type, Jelinek.

Lecidea ochroplaca Zahlbr.

Var. intermedia Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 167.

on sandstone, Sutherland Distr., v. d. Byl 1078, Type ; Calvinia,

v. d. Byl 1129 ; Namaqualand, v. d. Byl 1205.

Var. leprosa

Zahlbruckner (1936) 166.

on sandstone, between Calvinia and Middelpos, v. d. Byl 1093, Type, 1114.

Var. polita Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 167.

on sandstone, van Rhynsdorp, v. d. Byl 1182, Type.

Lecidea ochroxantha Nyl. f. aethiopica Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1891) 134, no. 922 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 884.

on bark, Boschberg, MacOwan 511, 58.

Lecidea oligocheila Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 167.

on sandstone rocks, Stellenbosch, v. d. Byl 971, Type.

Lecidea opalina Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1891) 138, no. 955 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 808.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Lecidea orbiculata Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1891) 157, no. 1092 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 644.

on rocks, near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Lecidea owaniana Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1893 d) 127 ; Stizenberger (1895) no. 1083bis ; Zahlbruckner, Lich. III : 645.

on hard clay ground, South Africa, MacOwan 531, Type, Kew.

Lecidea pallidonigra Ach.

Acharius (1803) 43, (1810) 172, (1814) 23 ; Sprengel (1827) 257 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1071 ; Juel (1918) 50 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 645.

Lichen pallidoniger Acharius (1798) 80 ; Thunberg (1800) 80, (1823) 742. Lichen peltatus *Lecidea pallidonigra Lamarck (1813) 387.

on clay soil, near Cape Town, Thunberg.

275

Lecidea pantherina (Hoffm.) Ach.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 647.

Lecidea lactea Floerke, Drège (1843) 86, 94 ; Nylander (1869 a) 12 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1090.

on rocks, Durban, Armstrong ; Garip, near mouth of Orange River, Drège ; Paarlberg, Drège.

Lecidea parasema Ach.

von Flotow (1843) 21 ; Drège (1843) 80 ; Krauss (1846) 200 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 651.

Lecidea enteroleuca Ach., Stizenberger (1891) no. 1066.

on sandstone rocks, Lions Head, MacOwan ; Cape, Wilms ; du Toits Kloof, Drège ; on bark of Gymnosporia, near Uitenhage, Krauss.

Var. areolata Merrill

van der Byl (1931) 10 ? nom nud. (? not var. areolata Duf.).

on trunk of Ficus sp., Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 90 (det. Merrill).

Var. (?) atropurpurea Flotow

von Flotow (1843) 21 ; Krauss (1846) 200 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 660 on bark of trees, near Constantia, Krauss.

Lecidea paraspeirea Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1891) 156, no. 1085 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 665.

on sandstone rocks, near Muizenberg, MacOwan, Type.

Lecidea peltasta Stirt.

Stirton (1877) 218 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 888. on ground, Boschberg, MacOwan, Type.

Lecidea peltoloma Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1886) 287 ; Stizenberger (1891) 157, no. 1091. Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 665.

on red sandstone rocks, near Lydenburg, Wilms ; Boschberg, MacOwan.

Lecidea peltulidea Stirt.

Stirton (1876) 160 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 888.

on the ground, South Africa, ? MacOwan.

Lecidea phalerata Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1891) 133, no. 917 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 889.

on crumbling granite rocks, Lions Head, MacOwan, Type.

Lecidea placodina Nyl.

Nylander (1868) 514 ; Hue (1891) 128 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1064 ; Wainio (1901) 422 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 889.

on quartzite rocks, between Caroca and Cazimba, nr. Mossamedes, Welwitsch 49.

Lecidea promontorii Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 232.

on non-calcareous rocks, slopes of Table Mt. opposite Camps Bay, Brunnthaler.

276

Lecidea quartzina Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1891) 160, no. 1102 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 682.

on pieces of quartzite and crumbling granite rock, Lions Head, MacOwan, Type.

Lecidea remota Vain.

van der Byl (1931) 10, ? nom. nud.on tree trunks, Woodwush, v. d. Byl 527 (det. Vain.)

Lecidea rhynsdorpensis Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 230.

on friable quartz rocks, Van Rhyn's Pass, van Rhynsdorp, v. d. Byl 764, Type.

Lecidea rivulosa Ach.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 236, Cat. Lich. III : 818.

on granite rocks, Caledon, Brunnthaler.

Lecidea russula Ach.

Stizenberger (1891 & 1895) no. 927 ; J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 298 ; Wainio (1901) 422 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 236, Cat. Lich. III : 823.

on hard rocks, near Lydenburg and Krugerspost, Wilms.

on branches and trunks of trees and shrubs, near Boroma, Menyharth 255 ; in high forest, Morro de Lopollo, Welwitsch 37, 39, 40 ; near Salisbury, v. d. Byl 601 ; Onrust, v. d. Byl 326 pr. p. (det. Vain.).

Lecidea speirea Ach.

Drège (1843) 92 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 692.

Lecidea crenata (Tayl.) Stiz. var. speirea Stizenberger (1891) 149, no. 1042. (See also Lecidea crenata var. speirea Zahlbr.).

on rocks, Cape, Zeyher ; between Natvoet and Garip, Drège.

Lecidea squamifera Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1891) 160, no. 1101 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 696.

on rocks and clay, Lions Head, MacOwan, Type.

Var. bylii Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 231.

on non-calcareous rocks, Calvinia, v. d. Byl 772, Type.

Lecidea stellans Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1891) 158, no. 1095 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 696.

on cliffs near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Lecidea stellenboschiana Vain.

Vainio (1926) 23 ; van der Byl (1931) 10 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 359. on bark of leafy tree, near Stellenbosch, v. d. Byl 385, Type.

Lecidea stupparia Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1891) 136, no. 937 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 831.

on bark, Boschberg, MacOwan, Type (Herb. Lojka).

277

Lecidea subalbicans Nyl.

apud Crombie (1876 a) 176, (1876 b) 21 ; Hue (1891) 109 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 948 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 831.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Type.

Lecidea subattingens Merrill

van der Byl (1931) 11, ? nom. nud.

on Hakea sp., Klapmuts, v. d. Byl (det. Merrill).

Lecidea subceresina Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 229.

on non-calcareous rocks, World's Veiw, van Reenen Pass, Brunnthaler, Type.

Lecidea subexigua Vain.

Vainio (1926) 22 ; van der Byl (1931) 10 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 379.

on bark of Ficus elastica Roxb., near Knysna, v. d. Byl 271, Type.

Lecidea subexiguella Vain.

Vainio (1926) 21 ; van der Byl (1931) 11 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 379.

on bark of Ficus elastica Roxb., near Knysna, v. d. Byl 279, Type.

Lecidea subinquinans Nyl.

Nylander (1869 a) 11 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1203: Vouaux (1914) 189.

on thallus of ? Parmelia crinita, Durban, Armstrong.

Not mentioned in Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. ; the specific name suggests close relationship with Lecidea inquinans Nyl., which is a fungus, Nesolechia inquinans (Tyl.) Mass., see Vouaux (1913) 411, (1914) 189 ; Vouaux did not study Lecidea subinquinans.

Lecidea sublucida Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1891) 135, no. 929 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 833.

on branches of tree, Spitzkop near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Lecidea subsquamifera Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, (1932) 231.

on sandstone rocks, Gouritzrivier, v. d. Byl 828, Type.

Lecidea subrussula Steiner

Steiner (1907) 644 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 834.

on bark, Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 992 pr. p. (Type in Herb. Barbey-Boissier).

Lecidea substylosa Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 228.

on granite rocks, Lüderitzbucht, F. & R. von Wettstein, Type.

Lecidea sulfurosula Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1891) 153, no. 1070 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 705.

on granite rocks, Lions Head, MacOwan, Type (ass. Biatorella lugens Zahlbr.).

278

Lecidea tenebricosa (Ach.) Nyl.

Stizenberger (1891) no. 958 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 836.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Lecidea terrena Nyl.

apud Crombie (1876 a) 177 ; Hue (1891) 131 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1083 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 709.

on ground amongst quartz detritus, Table Mt., Eaton, Type.

Lecidea thaleriza Stirt.

Stirton (1877) 217 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 936, nota ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 895.

on bark, Boschberg, MacOwan, Type.

Lecidea theichroa Vain.

Vainio (1926) 20 ; van der Byl (1931) 11 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 380. on bark of tree, Onrust, v. d. Byl 330, Type.

Lecidea theiphoroides Vain.

apud Lynge (1937) 85.

on bark of Thespesia sp., Eshowe, v. d. Byl 190, Type.

Lecidea tragorum Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 168.

on granite rock, Springbok, Namaqualand, v. d. Byl 1147, Type.

Lecidea trichiliae Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 169.

on bark of Trichilia emetica Vahl, Woodbush, v. d. Byl 488.

Lecidea valida Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1891) 161, no. 1104 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 715.

on rocks, near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Lecidea vernalis Ach.

Drège (1843) 85, 90, 132, 134 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 852.

on bark, Paarlberg, Drège ; Silverfontein, Drège ; Samteesvlakte near Enon, Drège ; du Toits Kloof, Drège ; Hofmanskraal between Enon and Zuureberg, Drège.

Lecidea vernalis is recorded by Drège without the name of the author of the species ; these col1ections might therefore be L. vernalis S. Gray, which is a synonym for Bacidia luteola Mudd.

Lecidea vestita (Mont.) Nyl.

Nylander (1869 a) 11 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1004.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

Lecidea viridans Lamy var. nigrella ( Massal.) Steiner

Steiner (1897) 225 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 717.

Lecidella nigrella Massalongo (1861) 71.

Lecidea nigrella Stizenberger (1891) 153, no. 1068.

on rocks, Table Mt., Wawra.

279

Lecidea vorticosa (Floerke) Körb.

Stizenberger (1891) no. 1072 ; van der Byl (1931) 11 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 225, Cat. Lich. III : 717.

on sandstone rocks, near Muizenberg, MacOwan ; on non-calcareous rocks, Bloukransrivier, v. d. Byl 665.

Lecidea vulgata Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. III : 718.

Lecidea goniophila Floerke, Drège (1843) 92 ; van der Byl (1931) 10.

on stone, Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 98 (det. Merrill) ; between Natvoet and Garip, Drège.

Lecidea zeyheri (Massal.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 c) P1. 6, f. 1-4. Cat. Lich. III : 860.

Biatora zeyheri Massalongo (1861) 88.

on trunks of trees, Cape; Ecklon & Zeyher.

Lopadium fuscoluteum Mudd.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 302.

Lecidea fuscolutea Ach., Drège (1843) 80.

on rocks, du Toits Kloof, Drège.

Lopadium leucoxanthum (Spreng.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 241, Cat. Lich. IV : 306.

Lecidea leucoxantha Spreng., Crombie (1876 a) 177 ; Nylander (1869 a) 10 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1029.

Megalospora lutea Flotow, von Flotow (1843) 21 ; Krauss (1846) 201.

Sporopodium leucoxanthum Vain., van der Byl (1931) 9.

on bark, Table Mt., Eaton ; Durban, Armstrong ; near Bazuja, Baur ; Hoofbos, Knysna, v. d. Byl 891 ; The Heads, Knysna, v. d. Byl 906 ; ? Lydenburg, Wilms 2730, 2732 (sub Mellitosporiopsis in Herb. Kew); near Constantia, Krauss; on Calodendron capense Thunb., Keurboomsrivier, v. d. Byl 284, (det. Vain.).

Lopadium mariae (Trevis.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 307.

Brigantiaea mariae Trevisan (1853 b) 9, (1856) 285.

Heterothecium mariae Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1886) 126.

on bark, Cape of Good Hope.

Lopadium vulpinum (Tuckerm.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 316.

Lecidea vulpina Tuck., Stizenberger (1891) no. 1030.

Lecanora vulpina Nylander (1869 a) 6.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

Lopadium woodii (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 317.

Lecidea woodii Stizenberger (1891) 148, no. 1035.

on leaves, Durban, Medley Wood, Type (Herb. Lojka).

280

Megalospora stellenboschiana (Vain.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 395.

Catillaria stellenboschiana Vainio (1926) 19 ; van der Byl (1931) 10.

on stones, Stellenbosch, Verwoerd (v. d. Byl 402), Type.

Megalospora versicolor (Fée) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 91.

Lecidea versicolor Nylander (1869 a) 10 ; Hue (1891) 112 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1015 .

on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

Rhizocarpon affine Merrill

in Herb. van der Byl, ? nom. nud.

on rock, Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 100 pr. p. (det. Merrill).

Rhizocarpon badio-atrum Th. Fr. var. alboatrum Malme

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 324.

Lecidea atroalba Ach., Drège (1843) 86.

on rocks, Paarlberg, Drège.

Rhizocarpon capense Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 170.

on sandstone, Glencairn, v. d. Byl 1005, Type.

Rhizocarpon disporum Müll.-Arg. var. montagnei (Flotow) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 241, Cat. Lich. IV : 355.

Rhizocarpon montagnei Körb., Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 497.

Lecidea montagnei Flotow, Stizenberger (1891) no. 1116.

on sandstone rocks, Lions Head, MacOwan ; on granite rocks, Kloof Neck, Brunnthaler.

Rhizocarpon geographicum (Linn.) DC.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 359.

Lecidea geographica Rebent., Drège (1843) 53 ; Crombie (1876 a) 179 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1185.

on rocks, summit of table Mt., Eaton ; Boschberg, MacOwan ; near Lydenberg, Wilms ; Witberg, Drège.

f. atrovirens Massal.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 363.

Lichen atrovirens Linn., Thunberg (1800) 176.

Lecidea atrovirens Ach., Thunberg (1823) 742.

on rocks, Table Mt., Thunberg.

f. intermedium (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 368.

Lecidea geographica Rebent. f. intermedia Stizenberger (1891) 177, no. 1185.

on crumbling granite rock, near Muizenberg, and on Lions Head, MacOwan.

Rhizocarpon patellarium (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 382.

Lecidea patellaria Stizenberger (1891) 163, no. 1119.

on rocks, Lions Head, MacOwan, Type.

281

Rhizocarpon viridiatrum Körb.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 498, Cat. Lich. IV : 394.

on shale, van Reenen's Pass, Brunnthaler.

Toninia bumamma (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 495, (1932) 240, Cat. Lich. IV : 263 ; van der Byl (1931) 11. Lecidia bumamma Nyl. apud Crombie (1876 a) 177 ; Hue (1891) 125.

Lecidea styloumena Stirton (1877) 217.

on soil in crevices of rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, MacOwan ; near Klein Vis Rivier, MacOwan 524, 62 ; Lydenburg, McLea (Herb. Rehmann) ; Matjesfontein, Brunnthaler ; Jansenville, P. Slabbert (v. d. Byl 707).

Toninia caeruleonigricans Th. Fr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 266.

Lecidea vesicularis Ach., Drège (1843) 92.

on soil, between Natvoer and Garip, Drège.

Toninia caesiopallida (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 263.

Lecidea caesiopallida Nylander apud Hue (1891) 124 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1054.

on rocks, Cape, Zeyher.

Toninia flava Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 240.

on quartz rocks, Langbaan, v. d. Byl 540, Type.

Toninia incretata (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 274.

Lecidea incretata, Stizenberger (1891) 150, no. 1051.

on soft sandstone rocks, summit of Lions Head, MacOwan, Type.

Toninia verrucosa Flagey

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 497.

on crumbling stone, Haifischinsel off Lüderitzbucht, Fincke.

PHYLLOPSORACEAE

Phyllopsora breviuscula (Nyl.) Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV 396.

Lecidea breviuscula Nylander (1869 a) 9 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 925.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

Phyllopsora corallina (Eschw.) Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV 397.

Lecidea santensis Tuckerm, Nylander (1869 a) 9 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 926.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

Phyllopsora parvifolia (Pers.) Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV 399.

Lecidea parvifolia Pers., Nylander (1869 a) 8 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 923.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong ; ? Boschberg, MacOwan 517, 60.

282

Var. fibrillifera (Nyl.) Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 399.

Lecidea parvifolia var. fibrillifera Nyl., Stirton (1877) 217 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 923.

South Africa, without locality.

Var. pulvinata Steiner

Steiner (1907) 644 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 400.

on bark, Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 993 pr. p. 999.

Phyllopsora parvifoliella (Nyl.) Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 400.

Lecidea parvifoliella Nylander (1869 a) 8 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 924.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

CLADONIACEAE

Baeomyces roseus Pers.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 93 ; van der Byl (1933 b) 2 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich IV : 415.

on ground, Spitzkop, near Lydenburg, Wilms ; Buccleuch, Leighton, 7.

Cladonia aggregata (Sw.) Ach.

Nylander (1860 a) 218 ; Drège (1843) 89 ; Wainio (1887) 224, (1894) 447, (1897) 223 ; van der Byl (1933 b) 7 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 437.

Cladia aggregata (Sw.) Nyl., Crombie (1876 a) 166 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 158.

on ground, Table Mt., Drège ; Baviaanskloof, Breutel ; Table Mt., Eaton.

Cladonia bacillaris (Del.) Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 144 ; Wainio (1887) 68, (1894) 441, (1897) 226 ; Steiner (107) 644 ; Zahlbruckner, (1932) 242, Cat. Lich. IV : 444 ; van der Byl (1931) 11, (1933 b) 8 ; des Abbayes (1938) 348.

on dead branches and rotten stumps of trees, Knysna, v. d. Byl 645 ; Woodbush, Doidge, 12 (det. Lindau) ; Kirstenbosch, Bottomley, 781 ; on decomposed vegetable detritus, Deepwalls, Phillips (Br. Mus.) ; on ground or amongst moss, Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 986 ; Montagu Pass Road, Doidge, 249 ; Deepwalls, Bottomley, 1620 ; Umtali, Eyles 1739, 248.

f. pityropoda Nyl.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 447 ; des Abbayes (1938) 348.

on damp turf, Mt. Nuza, S. Rhodesia, Gilliland (Br. Mus.).

Cladonia caespiticia (Pers.) Floerke

Stizenberger (1890) no. 139 ; Wainio (1887) 458, (1894) 460, (1897) 244 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 452.

on ground, top of Table Mt., Rehmann.

Cladonia centrophora Müll.-Arg.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 124 ; Wainio (1894) 171, (1897) 260 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 460.

Table Mt., Wilms.

283

Cladonia didyma (Fée) Wain. var. muscigena (Exchw.) Wain.

Wainio (1887) 141, (1894 443, (1897) 225 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 489;

des Abbayes (1938) 347.

on a piece of putrid wood, Deepwalls, Phillips (Br. Mus.).

f. subulata Sandst.

des Abbayes (1938) 347.

on decomposed mosses, Deepwalls, Phillips (Br. Mus.).

Cladonia fimbriata (Linn.) Fr.

Crombie (1876 a) 166 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 119 ; Wainio (1894) 246, (1897) 253 ; van der Byl (1931) 11, (1933 b) 11 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 494. Lichen fimbriatus Linn., Thunberg (1800) 179, (1823) 749.

on the ground, Table Mt., Eaton, Thunberg ; Somerset East, MacOwan (S.A.M. 46969); Riviersonderend, Thorne (S.A. M. 45843) ; on rotten stump, Knysna, v. d. Byl 429 ; Woodbush, v. d. Byl.

Var. balfourii (Cromb.) Wain.

Wainio (1894) 339, (1897) 255 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 496.

Cladonia fimbriata var. chondroidea Wain. f. balfourii (Cromb.) Wain., des Abbayes (1938) 348.

Transvaal, H. Wager (Br. Mus.); Imleezane, T. R. Sim (Br. Mus.).

Var. chlorophaeoides Wain.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 119 ; Wainio (1894) 336, (1897) 254 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 497.

Cladonia fimbriata var. chondroidea f. chlorophaeoides Wain., des Abbayes (1938) 348.

on ground, near Elim, Breutel ; Edgehill, Mooi River, T. R. Sim (Br. Mus.).

Var. chondroidea Wain.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 119 ; Wainio (1894) 334, (1897) 254 ; van der Byl (1933 b) 12 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 497.

Transvaal, Wilms.

Var. coniocrea (Floerke) Wain.

Wainio (1894) 308, (1897) 254 ; Steiner (1907) 644 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV 497.

on ground, Stellenbosch, Duthie 5.

Var. nemoxyna (Ach.) Coem.

Wainio (1894) 295, (1897) 253 ; van der Byl (1933 b) 12 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich, IV : 500.

Cladonia fimbriata var. radiata (Schreb.) Coem. f. nemoxyna Flotow, Stizenberger (1890) no. 119.

amongst heath, Table Mt., Jelinek ; on tree trunk, Garcia Pass, Riversdale, Muir 4885.

f. fibula (Ach.) Wain.

Wainio (1894) 301, (1897) 253 ; van der Byl (1933 b) 12 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 500.

Cladonia fimbriata var. fibula (Ach.) Stizenberger (1890) no. 119.

on bark of trees, near Baziya (MacOwan 802).

Var. ochrochlora (Floerke) Wain.

Wainio (1894) 319, (1897) 254 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 502.

Cladonia ochrochlora Floerke, van der Byl (1931) 11, (1933 b) 12.

284

on rotten stump, Knysna, v. d. Byl ; Garcia's Pass, Riversdale, Thorne (S.A. M. 38825).

Var. radiata (Schreb.) Coem.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 119 ; Wainio (1894) 227, (1897) 253 ; van der Byl (1933 b) 12 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 505.

on soil and on old wood, South Africa, Breutel ; Boschberg, MacOwan 50, 501, 14.

Var. simplex (Weiss.) Flotow

Wainio (1894) 256, (1897) 253 ; van der Byl (1931) 11, (1933 b) 12 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 507.

Cladonia fimbriata var. tubaeformis Ach., Stirton (1877) 212 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 119.

on an ant heap, Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 103 (det. Merrill) ; South Africa, without locality (Stirton 1. c. ).

Var. subradiata Wain.

Wainio (1894) 282, (1897) 253 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 510.

Cladonia fimbriata var. chondroidea f. subradiata Wain., des Abbayes (1938) 348.

Mid-Illovo, T. R. Sim (Br. Mus.).

Var. subulata (Linn.) Wain.

Wainio (1894) 282, (1897) 253.

f. abortiva Harm.

van der Byl (1933 b) 13 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 511.

Cladonia fimbriata f. abortiva Floerke, Stizenberger (1890) no. 119. Transvaal, Rehmann.

f. chordalis Ach.

van der Byl (1933 b) 13 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 512.

Cladonia chordalis Ach.; Stizenberger (1890) no. 120.

Top of Table Mt., MacOwan 195.

f. subcornuta Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 513.

Cladonia fimbriata var. subcornuta Nyl., Crombie (1876 a) 166.

Cladonia subcornuta (Nyl.) Stizenberger (1890 & 1895) no. 122.

on ground, Table Mt., Eaton.

Cladonia flabelliformis (Floerke) Wain. f. tenella Zahlbr.

van der Byl (1933 b) 8 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 514.

Cladonia flabelliformis var. tenella Müll.-Arg., Stizenberger (1893) no. 144bis.

on dead wood, Table Mt., Wilms.

Cladonia floerkiana (Fr.) Sommerf.

Wainio (1887) 72, (1894) 440, (1897) 225 ; van der Byl (1931) 11, (1933 b) 8 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 516.

on rotting wood, Woodbush, v. d. Byl 425, 535 (det. Vain.) ; on ground, Hermanus, v. d. Byl ; Knysna, v. d. Byl.

Cladonia furcata (Huds.) Schrad.

Crombie (1876 a) 166 ; Wainio (1887) 316, (1894) 450, (1897) 239 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 133 ; van der Byl (1933 b) 9 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 525.

on ground, among mosses, Table Mt., Eaton ; on bare rocks, Garcia's Pass, Riversdale, Muir 3767, 1395.

285

Cladonia gorgonina (Bory) Wain. var. subrangiferina (Nyl.) Wain.

Wainio (1887) 309, (1897) 237 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 539 ; des Abbayes (1938) 348.

Nyasaland, Burtt Davy (Br. Mus.).

Cladonia macilenta Hoffm.

Wainio (1887) 98, (1894) 442, (1897) 227 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 145 ; van der Byl (1933 b) 7 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 555.

South Africa, without locality, Breutel, MacOwan ; Garcia's Pass, Riversdale, Thorne (S.A. M. 38830), Muir 4884 ; Langeberg, Barnard (S.A.M. 32676) ; Table Mt., MacOwan.

Var. corticata Wain.

Wainio (1887) 112, (1894) 442, (1897) 227 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 145 ; van der Byl (1933 b) 7 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 556.

on ground, Kooksbosch, Breutel.

Cladonia multiformis Merrill f. subascypha (Wain.) Evans

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 463 ; des Abbayes (1938) 348.

on earth and on a rotten trunk, Deepwalls, Phillips (Br. Mus.) ; Mt. Nuza, S. Rhodesia, Gilliland (Br. Mus.).

Cladonia pityrea (Floerke) Fr.

Wainio (1894) 349, (1897) 255 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 117 ; van der Byl (1933 b) 11 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 566.

on dry ground, Table Mt., Jelinek.

Var. subareolata Wain.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 567 ; des Abbayes (1938) 348.

Ihluku, Harding, T. R. Sim (Br. Mus.).

Var. zwackhii Wain. f. scyphifera (Del.) Wain.

Wainio (1894) 354, (1897) 255 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 569.

Cladonia pityrea f. scyphifera Del., Stizenberger (1890) no. 117 ; van der Byl (1933 b) 11.

Kooksbosch, Breutel.

Cladonia pycnoclada (Gaudich) Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 150 ; Wainio (1894) 209, (1897) 252 ; van der Byl (1933 b) 6 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 573 ; des Abbayes (1938) 347.

Table Mt., MacOwan ; South Africa, without locality, Milne ; Hankey, T. R. Sim (Brit. Mus.) : East Pondoland, T. R. Sim (Brit. Mus.).

f. exalbescens Wain.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 573 ; des Abbayes (1938) 347.

Maritzburg, T. R. Sim (Br. Mus.).

Cladonia pyxidata (Linn.) Fr.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 116 ; Wainio (1894) 209, (1897) 252 ; van der Byl (1933 d) 10 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 573.

Lichen pyxidatus Linn., Thunberg (1800) 179, (1823) 748.

? Cladonia neglecta (? author) Drège (1843) 80, 82, 85.

Cape of Good Hope, Breutel ; on slopes of Table Mt., and Lions Head,

286

Thunberg ; amongst moss, Bain's Kloof, Doidge, 20 ; ? Paarlberg, Drège ; ? du Toits Kloof, Drège.

Var. chlorophaea Floerke

Wainio (1894) 232, (1897) 252 ; van der Byl (1933 b) 10 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 575.

Cladonia chlorophaea Spreng., van der Byl (1931) 11.

on a stone on the ground, Umtali, Eyles 5855.

f. staphylea (Ach.) Harm.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 579.

Cladonia pyxidata f. staphylea (Ach.) Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 116.

Cape of Good Hope, Breutel.

Var. pocillum (Ach.) Flotow

Stizenberger (1890) no. 116 ; Wainio (1894) 241, (1897) 252 ; van der Byl (1933 b) 10 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 582.

Cape of Good Hope, Jelinek.

Cladonia rangiferina (Linn.) Web.

Wainio (1887) 9, (1894) 439, (1897) 222 ; Juel (1918) 51 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 583.

Lichen rangiferinus Linn., Thunberg (1800) 180, (1823) 749.

on ground, top of Table Mt., Thunberg.

Cladonia rangiformis Hoffm.

Var. foliosa Floerke

Wainio (1887) 366 ; van der Byl (1933 b) ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 589. Cladonia pungens Floerke f. foliolosa Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 135.

Cape of Good Hope, MacOwan.

Var. pungens (Ach.) Wain.

Wainio (1887) 361, (1894) 451, (1897) 236 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 590. Cladonia pungens Floerke, Stizenberger (1890) no. 135.

on damp places on Table Mt., Jelinek.

Cladonia squamosa (Scop.) Hoffm.

Drège (1843) 116, 124 ; Wainio (1887) 411, (1894) 455, (1897) 242 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 138 ; van der Byl (1933 b) 9 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 594.

on the ground, Cape of Good Hope, Milne ; on rocks, with mosses, Garcia's Pass, Riversdale, Muir 3702, 1396 ; Gnadenthal, Drège ; Hoogekraalsrivier, Drège.

Cladonia sylvatica (Linn.) Hoffm.

Wainio (1887) 18, (1894) 439, (1897) 222 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 149 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 498, Cat. Lich. IV : 609 ; van der Byl (1933 b) 6.

on ground, Cape of Good Hope, MacOwan, Jelinek ; plateau above Baakens River Valley, Port Elizabeth, Brunnthaler.

Cladonia verticillata Hoffm.

Drège (1843) 89 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 621.

on damp places, Table Mt., Drège.

287

(?) Cladonia sp.

Scyphophorum monocarpum Acharius (1798) 196 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 145, Footnote ; Wainio (1887) 103.

Lichen monocarpus Thunb., Acharius (1798) 196 ; Thunberg (1800) 180, (1823) 749.

Baeomyces monocarpus Acharius (1803) 331.

Cape, Thunberg.

The genus Scyphophorum has been sunk under Cladonia (Zahlbruckner 1926 a : 205) but this species is not mentioned in the Cat. Lich. under any of the synonyms given above. Wainio's Monographia Cladoniarum universalis (1887, l.c.) has not been available for reference.

Pilophoron aciculare (Ach.) Nyl.

Nylander (1860 a) 229 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 111 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 431.

on earth and on rocks, Cape of Good Hope (Herb. Hook.).

Stereocaulon proximum Nyl.

Nylander (1860 a) 237 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 660.

South Africa, without locality (Nylander).

GYROPHORACEAE

Dermatiscum viride (Linn. f.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 243, Cat. Lich. IV : 754 ; van der Byl (1931) 11.

Lichen viridis Linn. f. (1781) 451.

Lichen thunbergii Acharius (1798) 143 ; Thunberg (1800) 177, (1823) 745.

Endocarpon thunbergii Acharius (1803) 129, (1810) 301, (1814) 101 ; Sprengel (1827) 239 ; von Flotow (1843) 26 ; Krauss (1846) 200 ; Juel. (1918) 51.

Lichen hepaticus *Endocarpon thunbergii Lamarck (1813) 426.

Dermatiscum thunbergii Nylander (1857) 116, (1867) 133 ; Hue (1891) 37. Umbilicaria thunbergii Reinke (1895) 412.

Umbilicaria flavovirescens Leighton (1869) 34.

on rocks, Cape of Good Hope, Thunberg ; Table Mt., MacOwan 52 (Lichenoth, univ. 44 ; S.A.M. 46965) 317 ; Tulbagh; v. d. Byl 775 ; Dombashawa, Eyles 4845 (v. d. Byl 600) ; Matopos, v. d. Byl 164

(det. Vain.) ; Salisbury, Eyles 2425 (S.A. M. 46936) ; slopes of Table Mt., Krauss.

Umbilicaria glauca Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 186, no. 478 ; Minks (1900 b) 27 ; van der Byl (1931) 11 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 243, Cat. Lich. IV : 745.

on rocks, Table Mt., MacOwan ; near Ceres, Leslie (v. d. Byl 609) ; Stellenbosch, Haddad.

Umbilicaria membranacea Laur.

apud Nylander (1863) 5 ; Drège (1843) 80, 85 ; Hue (1891) 34 ; Stizenberger (1890) 186, no. 476 ; Minks (1900 b) 26 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 746.

on rocks, du Toits Kloof, Drège.

Umbilicaria pustulata (Linn.) Hoffm.

f. minor Crombie

Crombie (1876 a) 171 ; Hue (1891) 34 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 475 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 752.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton ; Garcia's Pass, Riversdale, J. Muir 3699, 1405.

288

Var. papulosa (Ach.) Tuck.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. IV : 752.

Umbilicaria papulosa (Ach.) Nyl., von Flotow (1843) 26 ; Krauss (1846)

200 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 477.

on rocks, Cape of Good Hope ; slopes of Table Mt., Krauss.

Var. papillata Hampe

Stizenberger (1890) no. 475 ; Tuckermann (1882) 82.

Cape of God Hope.

Umbilicaria rubiginosa Pers.

apud Gaudich. (1826) 202 ; Nylander (1860 b) 417, (1863) 6 ; Crombie (1876 a) 171 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 479 ; Hue (1891) 34, (1900) 14 ; Minks (1900 b) ; 26 ; van der Byl (1931) 11 ; Zahlbruckner, (1932) 243, Cat. Lich. I V : 752. Lecidea porphyrea Meyer (1825) 54, 99 ; Sprengel (1827) 327.

Umbilicaria hottentotta Fée (1827) 194.

Umbilicaria lecanorocarpa Krempelhuber (1876) 440.

on rocks, near summit of Table Mt., Eaton ; Table Mt., Breutel, Jelinek, Wawra, Wilms ; Table Mt., MacOwan 50, 316 ; Stellenbosch, Haddad & Slabbert (v. d. Byl 710), Hofmeyr (v. d. Byl 446, det. Vain.) ; Ceres, Leslie (v. d. Byl 610, 452, det. Vain.) ; Table Mt., Eyles (v. d. Byl 383) ; Genadendal and Caledon, Brunnthaler ; without locality, Pappe (S.A. M. 46885).

ACAROSPORACEAE

Acarospora angolensis H. Magn.

Magnusson (1929) 111, (1933) 16 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 500. Lecanora xanthophana Nylander (1868) 513, (non loco alio).

Placodium thaeodes Müll.-Arg. (1879) 290.

Lecanora thaeodes Stizenberger (1890) 234, no. 803.

Acarospora tersa var. thaeodes Wainio (1901) 426 ; (?) van der Byl (1931) 11.

on rocks, Serra de Montes Negros, Mossamedes, Welwitsch 19, 44.

(?) on granite rocks, Matopos, v. d. Byl 153 (det. Vain.).

Acarospora austroafricana (Zahlbr.) H. Magn.

Magnusson (1933) 31.

Acarospora sulphurata Arn. var. austroafricana Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 502, Cat. Lich. V : 97, VIII : 516 ; Magnusson (1929) 95.

on schistose rock, Haifischinsel, off Lüderitzbucht, Fincke.

(?) Acarospora bella (Nyl.) Jatta

Acarospora tersa var. bella (Nyl.) Vain. van der Byl (1931) 11.

on rock, Ceres, Leslie (v. d. Byl 236, det. Vain.).

This seems to be a doubtful record ; fide Magnusson (1929) 61, this is a South American species.

Acarospora bylii H. Magn.

Magnusson (1933) 36.

on hard, grey sandstone, ass. with Parmelia sp., between Calvinia and Middelpos, v. d. Byl 1113, Type.

289

Acarospora calviniensis H. Magn.

Magnusson (1933) 33.

on non-calciferous sandstone, between Calvinia and Middelpos, v. d. Byl 1098, Type.

Acarospora capensis Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 500, Cat. Lich. V : 56, VIII: 502 ; Magnusson (1929) 206, (1933) 34.

on sandstone, Matjesfontein, Brunnthaler, Type.

Acarospora cervina Mass.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 56.

Lecanora cervina Ach., Drège (1843) 52.

on rocks, Witberg, Drège.

Acarospora deserticola Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 500, Cat. Lich. V : 61, VIII : 503 ; Magnusson (1929) 57, (1933) 24.

on mica schist, Matjesfontein, Brunnthaler, Type.

Acarospora finckei Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 502, Cat. Lich. V : 104, VIII : 504 ; Magnusson (1929) 96, (1933) 32.

on schistose rock, Haifischinsel, off Lüderitzbucht, Fincke, Type.

Acarospora fuscata (Nyl.) Arn.

Wainio (1901) 426 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 499, Cat. Lich. V : 64, VIII : 505 ; Magnusson (1929) 294-298.

on schistose rocks, between Maiombo and Cazimba, Welwitsch 160 pr. p. ; on sandstone, near Windhoek, Fincke.

fide Magnusson, 1.c., A. fuscata is undoubtedly the commonest species in the genus and widely distributed in the northern temperate zone. The specimens recorded from the southern hemisphere certainly do not belong here.

Acarospora immixta H. Magn.

Magnusson (1929) 82, (1933) 30 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 507.

on non-calciferous stone, upon thallus of Lecidea sp. (?), Wasserberg, near Windhoek, Fincke (called Ac. xanthophana by Zahlbruckner) ; upon thallus of Lecidea sp., Haifischinsel, off Lüderitzbucht, Fincke.

Acarospora initialis H. Magn.

Magnusson (1929) 48, (1933) 17 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 508.

Acarospora tersa Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 501.

on smooth, non-calcareous mica-schist, Haifischinsel, off Lüderitzbucht, Fincke, Type.

Var. perfectior H. Magn.

Magnusson (1933) 18.

on a stone with granular surface, Klein Karas, Örtendahl 37, Type.

Acarospora insculpta H. Magn.

Magnusson (1933) 20.

on granite rocks, Uitenhage, Marloth 116, Type.

290

Acarospora intermixta H. Magn.

Magnusson (1933) 42.

on granitic stone, intermingled with yellow squamules of Ac. lüderitzensis, Lüderitzbucht, comm. Hillman, Type.

Acarospora intrusa H. Magn.

Magnusson (1933) 37.

amongst areolae of Ac. laevigata, apparently destroying them, Cape Province, without locality, Marloth 132, Type.

Acarospora laeta H. Magn.

Magnusson (1933) 22.

Acarospora finckei var. lobulata Zahlbruckner (1932) 243.

on granitic, granular stone, Lüderitzbucht, F. & R. Wettstein, Type.

Var. annularis H. Magn.

Magnusson (1933) 23.

on very hard, reddish, granitic stone, Klein Karas, Örtendahl 24, Type.

Acarospora laevigata H. Magn.

Magnusson (1933) 17.

on non-calcareous, schistose, reddish sandstone with smooth surface, (invaded by Ac. intrusa).

Cape Town, Marloth 132, Type.

Acarospora longispora H. Magn.

Magnusson (1933) 34.

on calcareous rocks, Laingsberg, v. d. Byl 1088, Type.

Acarospora lucida H. Magn.

Magnusson (1929) 70, (1933) 29 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 509.

on dark granitic stone, Great Namaqualand, Schinz (A. Schenck 544, Type ; called Placodium xanthophanum by Müll.-Arg.).

Acarospora lüderitzensis H. Magn.

Magnusson (1933) 26.

on granitic stone (associated with Ac. intermixta) Lüderitzbucht, comm. J. Hillman; between Khamiskron and Springbok, v. d. Byl 1171, Type.

Acarospora macrospora (Hepp.) Bagl.

Magnusson (1929) 333.

Lecanora smaragdula Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 812 ; Crombie (1876 a) 174.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Jelinek.

Doubtful record : fide Magnusson, l.c., this species has its principal area of distribution in the mountainous regions of central and southern Europe. He quotes no records from the southern hemisphere.

Acarospora meridionalis H. Magn.

Magnusson (1933) 27 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 244.

on non-calcareous, schistose, sandy or granitic stone, Steinkopf, Meyer, Type (v. d. Byl 949, 951; nos. 948, 953 in Zahlbr. l.c.) ; Klein Karas, Örtendahl 13 ; between Bitterfontein and Garies, v. d. Byl 1 176 ; near Kenhardt, v. d. Byl 1116.

291

Acarospora negligens H. Magn.

Magnusson (1933) 18.

on schistose, reddish sandstone, Narubis, Örtendahl 96, 97 ; Airas, Klein Karas, Örtendahl 105 ; near Laingsburg, v. d. Byl 1090.

Acarospora ochrophaea H. Magn.

H. Magnusson (1933) 38.

on non-calciferous stone, Van Rhynsdorp, v. d. Byl 1183, Type.

Acarospora örtendahlii H. Magn.

Magnusson (1933) 28.

on reddish brown, hard granitic stone, on road between Aiais and Klein Karas. Örtendahl 102, 108, Type ; Klein Karas, Örtendahl 2.

Acarospora perexigua ( Müll.-Arg.) Hue

Hue (1909) 162 ; Magnusson (1929) 374 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 83. Placodium perexiguum Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 297.

Lecanora perexigua Stizenberger (1895) no. 242.

on quartzite rocks, near Boroma, Menyharth 297; not an Acarospora, fide Magnusson l.c.

Acarospora porinoides (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Magnusson (1929) 374 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 84.

Lecanora porinoides Stizenberger (1890) 234, no. 807.

on rocks, Taaiboschkranz, near Rhenoster-rivier, O.F.S., Rehmann : “seems to be an Aspicilia sp.”, Magnusson l.c.

Acarospora rhodesiae H. Magn.

Magnusson (1933) 21.

on granitic stone, Bullawayo, Brunnthaler, Type.

Acarospora socialis H. Magn.

Magnusson (1933) 30.

near Calvinia, v. d. Byl 1131, Type.

Acarospora steineri H. Magn.

Magnusson (1933) 24.

on schistose, rather hard stone, Haifischinsel, Fincke, Type (Vienna sub Ac. sulphurata var. austro-africana, but not the authentic specimen).

Acarospora subbadia H. Magn.

Magnusson (1933) 40 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 244.

on non-calcareous rock, Steinkopf, Meyer (v. d. Byl 951, Type, 949), associated with Ac. meridionalis and Caloplaca sp.

Acarospora subochracea H. Magn.

Magnusson (1933) 39 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 244.

on non-calciferous, closely granular rock, Calvinia, v. d. Byl 768, Type.

292

Acarospora subtersa H. Magn.

Magnusson (1929) 54, (1933) 25 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 243, Cat. Lich. VIII : 516. sub Acarospora citrina Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 501 ; see Magnusson (1929) 50. Acarospora tersa Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 501, pr. p.

on non-calciferous, schistose stone, Haifischinsel, off Lüderitzbucht, Fincke, Waterberg, near Windhoek, Fincke ; on sandstone rocks, Mossel Bay, v. d. Byl 746.

Acarospora tenuis (Wain.) H. Magn.

Magnusson (1929) 50, (1933) 16 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 517. Acarospora tersa (Fr.) Steiner var. tenuis Wainio (1901) 426 ; Hue (1909) 120 ; van der Byl (1931) 11 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 98.

Lecanora tersa Nylander (1868) 513 (see Wainio l.c.).

on perpendicular rocks, between Maiombo and Cazimba, on the road to Huilla, Welwitsch 17 pr. p., 18, 160 pr. p. ; on schistose rocks, Serra de Cazimba, between Maiombo and Pomangula, Welwitsch 485 pr. p. ; on rocks, Hanover, Cape, v. d. Merwe (v. d. Byl 432, det. Vain.).

Acarospora thaeodes Massal.

Massalongo (1861) 87 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 c) Pl. 8, f. 6-10 ; Magnusson (1929) 112.

Acarospora tersa var. thaeodes Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 98 pr. p.

on volcanic rocks, Cape, Wawra : doubtful species, fide Magnusson i.e.

Acarospora xanthophana (Nyl.) Jatta

Magnusson (1933) 31.

on granitic stone, Klein Karas, Örtendahl 19, 55 ; Upington, v. d. Byl 1158.

Biatorella armstrongiae (Jones) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 34.

Lecidea armstrongiae Jones apud Nylander (1869 a) 12 ; Hue (1891) 128, (1892) 147.

Lecanora armstrongiae Stizenberger (1890) 222, no. 729.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

Biatorella austroafricana Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 499, Cat. Lich. V : 10.

Sarcogyne austroafricana (Zahlbr.) H. Magnusson (1937) 103.

on sandstone, Haifischinsel, off Lüderitzbucht, and near Windhoek, Fincke, Type.

Biatorella clavulus (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 10.

Lecanora clavulus Stizenberger (1890) 237, no. 822.

Sarcogyne clavulus (Stizenb.) H. Magnusson (1937) 98.

on sandstone rocks, Muizenberg, MacOwan, Type.

Biatorella lugens (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 14.

Lecanora lugens Stizenberger (1890) 236, no. 818.

Sarcogyne lugens (Stizenb.) H. Magnusson (1937) 102.

on granite, Lions Head, MacOwan, Type.

293

Biatorella palmeti (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 44.

Lecidea palmeti Stizenberger (1891) 149, no. 1037.

on woody parts of Phoenix dactylifera Linn., in bush, near Durban, Wilms, Type.

Biatorella robiginans (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 21.

Lecanora robiginans Stizenberger (1890) 237, no. 821.

Sarcogyne robiginans (Stizenb.) H. Magnusson (1937) 101.

on sandstone rocks, near Muizenberg, MacOwan, Type.

Maronea constans (Nyl.) Hepp

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 48 ; Magnusson (1934) 55.

Lecanora constans Nylander (1869 a) 8 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 745.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

Maronea crassilabra (Müll.-Arg.) H. Magn.

Magnusson (1929) 326, (1934) 60.

Acarospora crassilabra (Müll.-Arg.) Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 60.

Lecanora crassilabra Müll.-Arg., J. Müller (Arg.) 1888: 205 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 746.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Maronea horizoides (Müll.-Arg.) Wain.

Wainio (1901) 404 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 49 ; Magnusson (1934) 62.

on trunk of Parinarium, Morro de Lopollo, Welwitsch.

PERTUSARIACEAE

Pertusaria alpina Hepp

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 120.

Pertusaria leioplaca (Ach.) DC. var. octospora Nyl., Crombie (1876 a) 175 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 859 ; Nylander (1869 a) 8.

on bark, Table Mt., Eaton ; Durban, Armstrong.

Pertusaria amara (Ach.) Nyl.

apud Crombie (1876 a) 174 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 850 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 121.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton ; near Lydenburg, MacLea.

Var. capensis Steiner

Steiner (1907) 646.

on bark, Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 998 pr. p.

Pertusaria ambigens (Nyl.) Tuck.

Tuckerman (1877) 176, (1882) 213 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 882 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 123.

on bark and rocks, Boschberg, MacOwan 526, 115 ; without locality, Zeyher, Wright.

294

Pertusaria aperta Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 241, no. 849 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 233.

on rocks, Muizenberg, MacOwan.

Pertusaria casta Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 172.

on bark, Knysna, v. d. Byl 861, Type.

Pertusaria coccodes Nyl.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 130.

Pertusaria ceuthocarpa Fr., Stizenberger (1890) no. 856.

on bark, Table Mt., Wilms.

Pertusaria commutans Vain.

Vainio (1926) 4 ; van der Byl (1931) 11 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 520.

on bark of Ochna sp., Knysna, v. d. Byl 282, Type.

Pertusaria coriacea Th. Fr. var. obducens Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 139.

Pertusaria obducens Nyl., van der Byl (1931) 12.

on tree, Umtali, Eyles 4257 (v. d. Byl 575, det. A. L. Sm.).

Pertusaria cryptostoma Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1888) 206 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 868 ; Wainio (1900 a) 9 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 142.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Pertusaria diaziana Massal.

Massalongo (1861) 77 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 861 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich V : 145.

on sandstone rocks, top of Table Mt., Wawra, MacOwan.

Pertusaria dispersa Vain.

Vainio (1926) 4 ; van der Byl (1931) 11 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 521.

on bark of Ocotea bullata E. Mey., Knysna, v. d. Byl 266, Type.

Pertusaria duplicata Wain.

Wainio (1900 a) 11 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 146.

Pertusaria variolosa Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1893 d) 126, (non Wainio ex anno 1890) ; Stizenberger (1895) no. 877bis.

on bark, South Africa, without locality, MacOwan, Kew.

Pertusaria elatior Stirt.

Stirton (1877) 216 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 883 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 147. on bark, Boschberg, MacOwan, Type.

Pertusaria enterostigmoides Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 171.

on ? bark, between Calvinia and Middelpos (v. d. Byl 1104), Type.

295

Pertusaria euglypta Tuckerm.

Tuckerman (1877) 177, (1888) 149 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 865 ; Zahlbruckner Cat. Lich. V : 148.

on granite rocks, Cape, Wright.

Pertusaria eyelpistia Massal.

Massalongo (1861) 79 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 148.

on rocks, Cape of Good Hope, Wawra.

Pertusaria flavens Nyl.

van der Byl (1931) 11 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 151.

on bark, Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 95 (det. Vain.) ; Zululand, Harris (v. d. Byl 232 pr. p., det. Vain.).

Pertusaria flavicunda Tuckerm.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 862 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 238.

on calcareous and granite rocks, Warm Bokkeveld, near Ceres, MacOwan.

Pertusaria granulata (Ach.) Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 157.

Trypethelium verrucosum Fée, von Flotow (1843) 22.

Pertusaria verrucosa Fée f. oligopyrena Wallr., von Flotow l.c. ; Krauss (1846) 200.

on bark of trees, near Constantia, Krauss.

Var. variolarioides Flotow

von Flotow (1843) 23 ; Krauss (1846) 200 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 157. on bark of tree, near Constantia, Krauss.

Pertusaria inquinata (Ach.) Th. Fr.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 884 ; Zhalbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 239.

on sandstone rocks, Table Mt., MacOwan.

Pertusaria laevigata Arn.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 163.

Pertusaria laevigata var. laevigata Steiner (1907) 646.

on bark, Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 998 pr. p.

Pertusaria leioplaca (Ach.) DC.

Nylander (1869 a) 8 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 859 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 164.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong ; Cape, without locality.

Var. pycnocarpa Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 859 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 169.

on bark, near Lydenburg.

Pertusaria leioplacella Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 881 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 170.

on bark of a pomiferous tree, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

296

Pertusaria leonina Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 242, no. 857 ; van der Byl (1931) 11 ; Zahlbruckner, (1932) 244, Cat. Lich. V : 170.

on granite and on sandstone rocks, Lions Head and Table Mt., MacOwan ; on rocks, Grey's Pass, Citrusdal, v. d. Byl 767 ; Botany Bay, v. d. Byl 987 ; Glencairn, v. d. Byl 981 ; van Rhyn's Pass, v. d. Byl.

Pertusaria leucosoroides Nyl.

van der Byl (1931) 11 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 172.

on stone, Sarnia, Hean, (v. d. Byl 298, 299, 303, 304, 305, 308, 312, 314, 316 pr. p. det. Vain.).

Pertusaria limosa Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 171.

on bark of Fraxinus sp., Stellenbosch, v. d. Byl 822, Type.

Pertusaria mamillana Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 298 ; Wainio (1900 a) 9 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 175. on bark, near Boroma, Menyharth 474, Type.

Pertusaria melaleuca (Turn. & Borr.) Duby

Stizenberger (1890) no. 871 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 503, (1932) 244, Cat. Lich. V : 176.

on bark, Cape, Zeyher ; on Portulacaria afra Jacq., Zwartkops, near Port Elizabeth, Brunnthaler

Pertusaria melanospora Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 886 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 179.

on sandstone rocks, Table Mt., MacOwan.

Pertusaria microthelia Wain.

Wainio (1901) 405 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 180.

on rocks, near cataract of Lopollo, Welwitsch 5 ; near cataract, near Fazendo do Ferrao, Welwitsch 47.

Pertusaria multiplicans Vain.

Vainio (1926) 6 ; van der Byl (1931) 11 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 523.

on bark of Quercus sp., Cape Town, Eyles, Type (v. d. Byl 388, det. Vain.).

Pertusaria nivea Merrill

van der Byl (1931) 11, non Fries, nom. nud.

on trunk of Quercus sp., Klapmuts, v., d. Byl 104 (det. Merrill) ; on trunk of Ficus sp., Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 89 (det. Merrill).

Pertusaria orbiculata (Schreb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 187.

Variolaria discoidea Pers., Drège (1843) 80, 134.

on ? bark, du Toits Kloof, Drège ; Hofmanskloof, between Enori and Zuureberge, Drège.

297

Pertusaria pustulata (Ach.) Duby

Stizenberger (1890) no. 370 ; van der Byl (1931) 12 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich.

V : 207.

on bark, Cape, Zeyher, Breutel ; on bark of Pandanus sp., Berea, Durban, v. d. Byl 22 (det. A. L. Sm.).

Pertusaria rhodesica Vain.

Vainio (1926) 5 ; van der Byl (1931) 12 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 524.

on granite rock, Matopos, v. d. Byl 155, Type.

Pertusaria spaniostoma Vain.

Vainio (1926) 5 ; van der Byl (1931) 12 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 524.

on bark of leafy tree, Elsenburg, v. d. Byl 242, Type.

Pertusaria subdealbata Nyl.

Crombie (1876 a) 175, (1876 b) 20 ; Hue (1891) 83 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 858 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 215.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Type.

Pertusaria subvelatula Vain.

Vainio (1926) 3 ; van der Byl (1931) 12 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 525.

on bark of Acacia mollissima Willd., near Howick, v. d. Byl 203, Type.

Pertusaria thiostoma Nyl.

Nylander (1890) 54 ; Stizenberger (1890) 244, no. 872 ; Hue (1891) 85 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 222.

on bark of a tree of the family Malvaceae, near Durban, Wilms, Type.

Pertusaria tropica Wain.

Wainio (1901) 404 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 245.

on bark of Tarchonanthus sp., at top of mountain, Serra de Xella, Welwitsch 7.

Pertusaria trypetheliiformis Nyl.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 223.

Pertusaria leioplaca var. trypetheliiformis Nylander (1869 a) 7 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 859.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong ; Table Mt., MacOwan.

Pertusaria velata (Turn.) Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 851 ; J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 298 ; van der Byl (1931) 12 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 24, Cat. Lich. V. : 246.

on bark, Cape of Good Hope, Sieber, Wilms ; Boroma, Menyharth 262 ; on bark of Trichocladus crinitus Pers., Hoofbos, Knysna, v. d. Byl 654.

Pertusaria vepallida Nyl.

apud Crombie (1876 a) 175, (1876 b) 20 ; Hue (1891) 87 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 887 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 224.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Type.

298

Pertusaria wawreana Massal.

Massalongo (1861) 78 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 855 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 249.

on quartzite rocks, Cape of Good Hope, Wawra, MacOwan.

Pertusaria wawreanoides Nyl.

apud Crombie (1876 a) 174, (1876 b) 20 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 855 ; Hue (1891) 83 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 244, Cat. Lich. V : 249.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Jelinek, MacOwan ; Lions Head, MacOwan ; Muizenberg, MacOwan ; on quartz rocks, Bloukransrivier, v. d. Byl 663.

Pertusaria wilmsii Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 244, no. 869 ; Nylander (1890) 51 ; Hue (1891) 82 ; van der Byl (1931) 12 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 225..

on bark of a tree of the family Malvaceae, Durban, Wilms, Type ; on trunk of Quercus sp., Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 132, 144 (det. Vain.) ; Stellenbosch, v. d. Byl 238 (det. Vain.) ; Elsenburg, v. d. Byl 244 (det. Vain.) ; on trunk of Ficus sp., Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 127 (det. Vain.) ; on trunk of Strychnos sp., Matopos, v. d. Byl 183 ; (det. Vain.).

Pertusaria xanthomelaena Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1888) 207 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 867 ; Wainio (1900 a) 10 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 231.

on bark, Table Mt., Wilms, Type.

Pertusaria xanthothelia Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1890) 343, (1893 b) 298 ; Wainio (1900 a) 9 ; Zahlbruckner Cat. Lich. V.: 232.

on bark, Boroma, Menyharth 261.

LECANORACEAE

Candelariella elaeophaea (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 794.

Lecanora elaeophaea Nyl. ex Crombie (1876 a) 173, (1876 b) 20 ; Hue (1891) 58 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 641.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Type.

Candelariella glaucolivescens (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 795.

Lecanora glaucolivescens Nyl. apud Crombie (1876 a) 173, (1876 b) 20 ; Hue (1891) 58 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 642.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton.

Candelariella vitellina (Ehrht.) Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 803.

Lecanora vitellina Ach., Stizenberger (1890) no. 636 ; Nylander (1868) 6 ; Wainio (1901) 402.

on calcareous rocks near cataract, ? Ferrao da Sola, Huilla, Welwitsch.

f. athallina (Wedd.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 251, Cat. Lich. V : 808.

van Rhyn's Pass, van Rhynsdorp, v. d. Byl 765 pr. p.

299

Haematomma coccineum (Dicks.) Körb. var. porphyricum (Pers.) Th. Fr.

van der Byl (1931) 12 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 763.

on rock, Salisbury, Eyles 4819.

Haematomma fenzlianum Massal.

Massalongo (1861) 58 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 767.

Lecanora fenzliana Stizenberger (1890) 229, no. 770.

on rocks, (?) Cape, Wawa. It is not clear whether this species was found at the Cape, or only on Ascension Is.

Var. pulvinare Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 250.

on quartz rocks, Lüderitzbucht, F. & R. Wettstein.

Haematomma puniceum (Sw.) Massal.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 505, (1932) 250, Cat. Lich. V : 768 ; van der Byl (1931) 12.

Lecanora punicea Ach., Drège (1843) 85, 132, 134, 141 ; von Flotow (1843)

21 ; Krauss (1846) 201, Stizenberger (1890 & 1895) no. 771.

Lecania punicea Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1891 b) 297 ; Schinz (1901) 394.

on bark of Acacia sp., near Knysna, v. d. Byl 915 ; on Bruguiera gymnorhiza Lam., Durban, v. d. Byl 143 (det. Vain.) ; on Erythrina caffra Thunb., Mayvi11e, v. d. Byl 77 pr. p. (det. A. L. Sm.) ; on Euphrobia ledienii Berger, Zwartkops, Brunnthaler ; on Portulacaria afra Jacq., Zwartkops,

Brunnthaler ; on Quercus sp., Elsenburg, v. d. Byl 243 (det. Vain.) ; on bark of trees undet., near Boroma, Menyharth 254, 2.55, 468 ; Lydenburg, Neethling (v. d. Byl 1052, 1054) ; Salisbury, v. d. Byl 606 ; Onrust, v. d. Byl 326 pr. p., 327 (det. Vain.) ; near Constantia, Krauss ; Paarlberg, Drège ; Saamteesvlakte, nr. Enon, Drège ; “Glenfilling”, Drège ; Hoffmanskloof, between Enon and Zuureberg Drège.

Var. africanum Steiner

Steiner (1907) 641 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 770.

on bark, Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 993 pr. p., Type.

Var. breviculum (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 770.

Lecanora punicea Ach. var. brevicula Stizenberger (1890) 229, no. 771 ; van der Byl (1931) 12, as var. brevicaule Stizenb.

on bark of trees on hills round Maritzburg, Rehmann, Type ; on trunk of Pandanus sp., Durban, v. d. Byl 32 (det. A. L. Sm.)

Var. collatum (Stirt.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 770.

Lecanora punicea var. collata Stirton (1877) 216.

on bark, Boschberg, Mac Owan, 49, Type.

Var. rufidulum Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 250, Cat. Lich. V : 771.

Haematomma puniceum f. rufo-pallens Wain., van der Byl (1931) 12.

on bark of Canthium sp., Brenton, Knysna, v. d. Byl 651 ; on Rapanea melanophleos Mez., Knysna, v. d. Byl.

300

Var. subarthonioideum Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 250.

on quartzite rocks, Caledon, Brunnthaler, Type.

Icmadophila ericetorum Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 705.

Lecidea icmadophila Ach., Drège (1843) 80, 85, 88.

on soil and old wood, du Toits Kloof, Drège ; Paarlberg, Drège ; in krantzes, Table Mt., Drège.

Lecania arenaria (Anzi) Flagey

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 715.

Lecanora arenaria Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 663.

on crumbling granite rocks, northern slopes of Lions Head, MacOwan.

Lecania cyrtella Th. Fr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 719.

Lecidea anomala Ach., Drége (1843) 134.

on trees, Hoffmanskloof, between Enon and Zuureberge, Drège.

Lecania fructuosa (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 732.

Lecanora fructuosa Stizenberger (1890) 226, no. 755.

on hard rocks, granite and sandstone, top of Lions Head, MacOwan, Type.

Lecanora albospersa Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 228, no. 761 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 371.

on quartzite rocks, Warm Bokkeveld near Ceres, MacOwan, Type.

Lecanora allophana (Ach.) Röhl.

van der Byl (1931) 12 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 371.

Lecanora subfusca (L.) Ach. var. allophana Ach., J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 297.

on bark, near Boroma, Menyharth 270; on Erythrina caffra Jacq., Mayville, v. d. Byl 77

pr. p. (det. A. L. Sm.).

Var. glabrata (Ach.) Steiner

Zahlbruckner (1932) 246, Cat. Lich. V : 373.

Lecanora subfusca var. glabrata Ach., J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 297.

on bark, near Boroma, Menyharth 254, 262, 264, 272; on bark of Quercus sp., Genadendal near Caledon, Brunnthaler.

Lecanora aspera Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 213, no. 674; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 607.

on granite rocks, Lions Head and Table Mt., MacOwan, Type.

Lecanora atra (Hudson) Ach.

Drège (1843) 85, 134 ; von Flotow (1843) 23 ; Krauss (1846) 201 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 758 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 245, Cat. Lich. V : 378.

on bark and rocks, Cape, Zeyher ; on sandstone rocks, Matjesfontein, Brunnthaler; on quartzite rocks, Glencairn, v. d. Byl 1004; Lions Head, Drège; Paarlberg, Drège; Hoffmanskloof, between Enon and Zuureberg, Drège.

301

Var. americana Fée

Wainio (1901) 403 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 384.

on trunks of Parinarium sp., in high mountains, Morro de Lopollo, Welwitsch 38.

Lecanora atraeformis Vain.

apud Lynge (1937) 82.

on bark of Acacia mollissima Willd., Howick, van der Byl 201, Type.

Lecanora atrorimata Nyl.

apud Crombie (1876 a) 174 ; Hue (1891) 70 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 759 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 388.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Type.

Lecanora atrosulphurea Ach.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 730 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 388.

Lecideola flavescens Massalongo (1861) 90.

crumbling granite rocks, Lions Head, MacOwan ; Cape of Good Hope, Drège 9244.

f. leptococca Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 222, no. 730 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 389.

on rocks, Muizenberg, Mac Owan.

f. livens Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 222, no. 730 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 389.

on rocks, summit of Lions Head, MacOwan.

Lecanora badia Ach. var. cinerascens Flotow

Zahlbruckner, (1932) 246, Cat. Lich. V : 396.

on gneiss rocks, Table Mt., opposite Camps Bay, Brunnthaler.

Lecanora bicincta Ram.

Stizenberger (1895) no. 713 bis ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 398.

South Africa, without locality.

Lecanora blanda Nyl.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 245, Cat. Lich. V : 399.

on rocks, Waterfall, Knysna, v. d. Byl 927 ; Gouritzrivier, v. d. Byl 831.

Lecanora bogotana Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 701 ; van der Byl (1931) 12 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 399.

as Lecanora chlarona var. bogotana (Nyl.) Vain. in Herb. van der Byl.

on rocks, Lebombo Mts., Wilms ; near Durban, Wilms ; on bark of Quercus sp., Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 135 ; Stellenbosch, v. d. Byl 239 (det. Vain.) ; on Ficus elastica Roxb., Knysna v. d. Byl 273, 274 (det. Vain.)

Lecanora breuteliana Massal.

Massalongo (1861) 88 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 400.

on branches of trees .

Cape of Good Hope, Breutel (Type ex Herb. Hampe).

302

Lecanora bylii Vain.

Vainio (1926) 2 ; van der Byl (1931) 12 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 526.

on stones, Sarnia, Hean (v. d. Byl 316 pr. p., 318, Type).

Lecanora bylii Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 248, non Vainio.

on quartz rocks, Poole's Bay, v. d. Byl 799, 800.

Lecanora caesiopallens Vain.

apud Lynge (1937) 82.

on bark of Ocotea bullata E. Mey., Knysna, v. d. Byl 262, Type.

Lecanora cancriformis (Hoffm.) Wain.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V. : 401.

Lecanora caesiorubella Ach., Stizenberger (1890) no. 707 ; J. Müller-Arg. (1893) 297.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms (Lojka Lichenoth. 78) ; near Boroma, Menyharth 259.

Lecanora candidata Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 214, no. 678 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 608.

on rocks, Lions Head, MacOwan, Type.

Lecanora carneoflava Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1888) 205 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 743 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 402.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Lecanora carpinea (Linn.) Wain.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 402.

Lecanora angulosa Ach., Stizenberger (1890) no. 706.

Lecanora albella f. angulosa (Ach.) Nylander (1869 a) 8.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

Lecanora cateiloides Vain.

Vainio (1926) 2 ; van derByl (1931) 12 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 533.

on tree trunk, near Howick, v. d. Byl 218, Type.

Lecanora chlarona (Ach.) Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 693 ; van der Byl (1931) 12 ; Zahlbruckner, (1926 b) 503, (1932) 246, Cat. Lich. V : 413.

on trunks of trees, Cape of Good Hope ; Natal, Rehmann ; near Lydenburg, Wilms ; Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 97 (det. Merrill) ; Maritzburg, v. d. Byl 59 (det. A. L. Sm.) ; Tradouw's Pass, Ladismith, v. d. Byl 360 (det. Vain.) : Howick, v. d. Byl ; on Portulacaria afra Jacq., Zwartkops near Port Elizabeth, Brunnthaler ; Prunus salicina Lindl., Hopefield, v. d. Byl 145 (det. Vain.) ; on Quercus sp., Paarl Distr., v. d. Byl 87 (det. Merrill).

f. geographica Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 693 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 415.

on bark, Cape, Breutel.

303

f. pinastri Cromb.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 693 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 416.

on bark of Thuja orientalis Linn., Botanical Gardens, Cape Town, MacOwan.

Lecanora chlarotera Nyl.

Stizenberger (1891) no. 694 bis ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 418.

on bark of Quercus sp., near Muizenberg, MacOwan (in Herb. Stizenb.)..

Lecanora chondroplaca Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 244.

on sandstone rocks, near Matjesfontein, Brunnthaler.

Lecanora cinefacta Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 223, no. 731 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 419.

on granite rocks, Lebombo Mts., Wilms, Type.

Lecanora cinerea Röhl.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 278.

Urceolaria cinerea Ach., Drège (1843) 86.

on rocks, Paarlberg, Drège.

Lecanora coarctata Ach.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 794 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 419.

on ground, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

f. cotaria Ach.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 794 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 422.

on sandstone rocks, Lions Head, MacOwan.

f. fulgiana Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 422.

Lecanora coarctata f. argilliseda Duf., Stizenberger (1890) no. 794.

on clay soil, Spitzkop near Lydenburg, Wilms.

var. fossulans Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 233, no. 794 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 425.

on sandstone rocks, Spitzkop, near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Lecanora coilocarpa Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 694 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 428.

on wood, in Bot. Gard., Cape Town, MacOwan ; on rocks, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Lecanora cruda Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 222, no. 728 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 439.

on bark of pomiferous trees, Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Lecanora deminuta (Müll.-Arg.) Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 535 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 619.

Placodium deminutum . Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1888) 204.

on rocks, near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

304

Lecanora diffusilis Nyl.

apud Crombie (1876 a) 174, (1876 b) 20 ; Hue (1891) 70 ; Stizenberger (1890)

no. 760 (ex errore L. diffusibilis) ; Zahlbruckner, (1932) 245, Cat. Lich. V : 440. on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Type ; Botany Bay, v. d. Byl 922 ; Gouritzrivier, v. d. Byl 825, 832.

Lecanora dispersa (Pers.) Röhl.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 440.

f. nana Vain., van der Byl (1931) 12, ? nom. nud.

on stone, Stellenbosch, v. d. Byl 254 (det. Vain.).

f. testacea Vain, in Herb. van der Byl., ? nom. nud.

on old wood, Hopefield, v. d. Byl 339 (det. Vain.).

Lecanora elapheia Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 220, no. 712 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 447.

on bark, Cape of Good Hope, MacOwan, Type.

Lecanora epichlora Vain.

Vainio (1926) 3 ; van der Byl (1931) 12 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 528.

on granite rocks, Matopos, v. d. Byl 162, Type.

Lecanora expallens (DC.) Ach.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 736 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 449.

Lecanora expallens var. lutescens Stizenberger l.c.

on bark of trees, near Durban, Wilms ; on bark of Quercus sp., Talbe Mt., MacOwan.

Lecanora flavovirens Fée

Nylander (1869 a) 8 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 714 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 453.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong ; on rocks, near Saldanha Bay, Osbeck.

Lecanora flexuosa Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 219, no. 709 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 454.

on hard rocks, “Duivels Knockler”, near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Lecanora frustulosa Ach.

Drège (1843) 53, 75 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 454.

on stones, Witberg, Drège ; Piquetberg, Drège.

Lecanora galactiniza Nyl.

apud Crombie (1876 a) 173, (1876 b) 20 ; Hue (1891) 62 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 679 ; van der Byl (1931) 12 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 246, Cat. Lich. V : 459.

on quartzite rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Type ; on rocks near river, Salisbury, Eyles 4822 (v. d. Byl 589).

305

Lecanora helva Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 218, no. 704 ; van der Byl (1931) 12 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 472.

on bark of pomiferous trees, near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type ; on bark of Ficus elastica Roxb., Knysna, v. d. Byl 270 (det. Vain.) ; on bark of Ocotea bullata E. Mey., Knysna, v. d. Byl 267, 268 (det. Vain.) ; on bark of Xylotheca kraussiana Hochst., Mayville, v. d. Byl (det. A. L. Sm.).

Lecanora hypocrocina Nyl.

J. Müller-Arg. (1890) 342, (1893 b) 297 ; Hue (1891) 63 ; Stizenberger (195) no. 692 bis ; Schinz (1905) 394 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 472.

on bark, near Boroma, Menyharth 469, 470.

Lecanora impressa (Krempleh.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 319.

Lecidea impressa Krempleh., J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 298 ; Schinz (1905) 395.

on rocks, near Boroma, Menyharth 1, 216.

Lecanora labiosa Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 215, no. 686 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 479.

on bark of tree, Spitzkop near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Lecanora leprosa Fée

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 480.

Lecanora subfusca Ach. var. cinereocarnea Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 297 ; Schinz (1905) 394.

Lecanora cinereocarnea Stizenberger (1890) 218, no. 703 ; van der Byl (1931) 12.

on bark, Boroma, Menyharth 251, 26.5, 272, 274 ; near Lydenburg, Wilms ; Keurboomsrivier, Knysna, v. d. Byl 285 (det. Vain.) ; Woodbush, v. d. Byl .526 (det. Vain.) ; on trunk of Acacia mollissima Willd., Howick, v. d. Byl 200 (det. Vain.) ; Woodbush, v. d. Byl 492 (det. Vain.) ; on trunk of Ficus elastica Roxb., Knysna, v. d. Byl 285 (det. Vain.).

Lecanora leptoplaca Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 249.

on sandstone rocks, Laingsberg, Brunnthaler, Type.

Lecanora leucoxantha Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1888) 205 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 483.

Lecanora leucoxanthella Stizenberger (1890) 225, no. 742.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Lecanora nidulans Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 192, no. 531 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 644.

on Mastenberg, near Saldanha Bay, Zeyher, Type.

Lecanora nubila Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 231, no. 783 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 335.

Aspicilia nubila Hue (1912) 114.

on dolomite rocks, Spitzkop, near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

306

Lecanora obvirescens Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 224, no. 740 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 491.

on woody parts of Phoenix dactylifera Linn., Durban, Wilms, Type.

Lecanora ostracoderma Ach.

Acharius (1810) 347, (1814) 147 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 495.

Parmelia ostracoderma Acharius (1803) 157.

Lichen peltatus *Lecanora ostracoderma Lamarck (1913) 392.

on rocks, South Africa.

Lecanora pallida (Schreb.) Rabenh.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 496.

Lecanora albella Ach., Stizenberger (1890) no. 708.

on bark of trees, Cape of Good Hope, Gueinzius, Breutel ; near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Lecanora placodina Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, (1921) 240, (1926 b) 503, Cat. Lich. V : 509.

on schistose rocks, Wasserberg, near Windhoek, Fincke, Type.

Lecanora polytypa Vain.

in Herb. van der Byl, nom. nud.

on ironstone, Howick, v. d. Byl 219 (det. Vain.).

Lecanora prosecha Ach. var. homaloplaca (Nyl.) Vain.

Vainio (1901) 404 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 519.

Lecanora homaloplaca Nylander (1868) 512 ; Hue (1891) 65.

on hard rocks, Howick, v. d. Byl.

Lecanora psaromela Nyl.

apud Crombie (1876 a) 174, (1876 b) 20 ; Hue (1891) 58 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 765 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 520.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Type.

Lecanora rehmannii Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 227, no. 757 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 522.

on bark in northern Natal, Rehmann, Type.

Lecanora rupicola (Linn.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 525.

Lecanora glaucoma Ach., Drège (1843) 53, 80, 86.

on rocks, Witberg, Drège ; Piquetberg, Drège ; du Toits Kloof, Drège ; Paarlberg, Drège.

Lecanora subcarnea (Sw.) Ach.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 547.

(?) as Lecanora subcarnosa (Sw.) Ach., van der Byl (1931) 13.

(?) on stone, Zimbabwe Ruins, v. d. Byl.

307

Lecanora subdepressa Nyl.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 351.

Lecanora gibbosa (Ach.) Nyl. var. subdepressa Nyl., Herb. v. d. Byl.

on stones, Stellenbosch, v. d. Byl 257 (det. Vain.).

Lecanora subfusca (Linn.) Ach.

von Flotow (1843) 20 ; Drège (1843) 66, 132, 134, 146 ; Krauss (1846) 201. Stizenberger (1890) no. 682 ; van der Byl (1931) 13 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 551.

on bark, Cape of Good Hope and near Lydenburg, Wilms ; Maritzburg, v. d. Byl 57 (det. A. L. Sm.) ; Boschberg, MacOwan 528, 74 ; on Quercus, Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 96, 105 (det. Merrill) ; on bark of Gymnosporia, Swellendam, Krauss ; Witpoortberg, Drège; Samteesvlakte, Drège ; between “Key” and “Basche”, Drège ; Hoffmanskloof, Drège.

Var. campestris Rabenh.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 682 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 560.

on granite rocks, Orange Free State, Rehmann.

Var. subcrenulata Nyl.

van der Byl (1931) 13 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 567.

on bark of Ficus sp., Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 134 (det. Vain.) ;

on Quercus sp., Elsenburg, v. d. Byl.

Var. subgranulata Nyl.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 567.

Lecanora subgranulata Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 699.

on bark of pomiferous trees, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Lecanora sylvestris (Nyl.) Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 692 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 579.

on bark of Rhamnus sp., near Uitenhage, Krauss.

Lecanora thiocheila Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 219, no. 711 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 5888.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Lecanora varia (Ehrht.) Ach.

von Flotow (1843) 22 ; Krauss (1846) 201 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 745 ; Zahbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 592.

on cortex of Opuntia, around Cape Town, Krauss.

Lecanora vincentina Nyl.

van der Byl (1931) 13 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 599.

on rock, Sarnia, Hean (v.d. Byl 300, 301, 313, det. Vain.).

Ochrolechia africana Vain.

Vainio (1926) 3 ; van der Byl (1931) 12 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 548.

on trunk of tree, Durban, v. d. Byl 136, Type.

Ochrolechia africana Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 504, Cat. Lich. V : 676, not Vain.

on stem of Portulacaria afra Jacq., Zwartkops, near Port Elizabeth, Brunnthaler.

308

Ochrolechia pallescens (Linn.) Massal.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 250, Cat. Lich. V : 682 ; van der Byl (1931) 12.

Lecanora pallescens Röhl., J. Müller-Arg. (1893) b 297 ; Drège (1843) 134 ; Stizenberger (1895) no. 774 ; Schinz (1905) 394.

on bark, near Boroma, Menyharth 259 pr. p. ; Salisbury, v. d. Byl 602 ; The Wilderness, v. d. Byl 293 ; Onrust, v. d. Riet (v. d. Byl 323, det. Vain.) ; Tradouw's Pass, v. d. Byl 358 (det. Vain.) ; on trunk of Acacia mollissima Willd., Howick, v. d. Byl 202 (det. Vain.) ; on bark of Canthium sp., Brenton, Knysna, v. d. Byl 689 ; Hoffmans Kloof, between Enon and Zuureberge, Drège.

Ochrolechia parella (Linn.) Massal.

Massalongo (1861) 56 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 249, Cat. Lich. V : 686.

Lecanora parella Ach., Drège (1843) 80 ; Nylander (1869 a) 8 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 775 ; van der Byl (1931) 13.

Variolaria lactea Wahlbg., Drège (1843) 80.

on branches and trunks of trees, The Heads, Knysna, v. d. Byl 937 ; Stella Bush, v. d. Byl 71 (det. A. L. Sm.) ; du Toits Kloof, Drège ; on trunk of Erythrina caffra Thunb., Durban, v. d. Byl 76 (det. A. L. Sm.) ; on trunk of Gymnosporia sp., Stil Bay, v. d. Byl 944 (det. A. L. Sm.) ; on Pandanus sp., Durban, v. d. Byl 14, (det. A. L. Sm.) ; on stem of Portulacaria afra Jacq., Zwartkops, Brunnthaler.

on volcanic rocks, Cape, Wawra ; on sandstone rocks, Durban, Armstrong ; The Heads, Knysna, v. d. Byl 635.

Phlyctella andensis Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 845 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 785.

on tree trunks, Boschberg, MacOwan.

Phlyctella capillaris (Stirt.) Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 241, no. 846 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 786.

Phlyctis capillaris Stirton (1877) 217.

on bark, Boschberg, MacOwan.

Phlyctidia boliviensis (Nyl.) Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V : 789.

Phlyctis boliviensis Nylander (1869 a) 8 ; Stirton (1877) 217 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 847.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong ; Boschberg, MacOwan, 118.

Phlyctis argena Flotow

Zahlbruckper, Cat. Lich. V : 782.

Thelotrema variolarioides Ach., Drège (1843) 132, 141, 146.

on trees, Samteesvlakte, nr. Enon, Drège ; “Glenfilling”, Drège ; between “Key” and “Basche”, Drège .

Phlyctis candida Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 250.

on bark of trees, Hoofbos, Knysna, v. d. Byl 881, Type.

309

PAR MELIACEAE

Candelaria concolor (Dicks.) Arn.

Steiner (1907) 641 ; van der Byl (1931) 13 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 4. Lecanora laciniosa Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 647.

on bark, Somerset East, MacOwan 502 (? S.A.M. 46964) ; near Lydenburg, Wilms ; Stellenbosch, Duthie 9 ; on Schinus molle Linn., Durbanville, v. d. Byl 442 (det. Vain.).

Candelaria fibrosa (Fr.) Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 9.

Physcia fibrosa Nylander (1860 a) 413 ; Stirton (1877) 215.

Lecanora fibrosa Stizenberger (1890 & 1895) 208, no. 638.

on bark, Cape, MacOwan ; Spitzkop, near Lydenburg, Wilms ; Piesanghoek, Watson, 774 ; Zambesi Region, Menyharth.

Candelaria stellata Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1887) 319, (1893 b) 296 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 9.

on bark, Boroma, Menyharth 262, 264.

Parmelia abessinica Nyl.

Krempelhuber (1877) 140 ; J. Müller-Arg. (1890) 339 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 223.

Parmelia abyssinica Nylander (1885) 608 ; Hue (1890) 282 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 286.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Var. sorediosa Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1885) 501 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 223.

Parmelia abyssinica var. sorediosa Müll.-Arg., Stizenberger (1890) no. 286. Parmelia hababiana Gyelnik (1931) 288.

on branches, Transvaal, Wilms.

Parmelia adhaerens Nyl.

apud Crombie (1876 a) 168, (1876 b) 19 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 272 ; Hue (1890) 290 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 120.

on quartzite rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Type.

Parmelia aleuriza Vain.

apud Lynge (1937) 86.

on bark of Quercus sp., Hopefield,. v. d. Byl, Type.

Parmelia amphixanthoides Steiner & Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 505, Cat. Lich. VI : 121.

on sandstone rocks, Laingsburg, Brunnthaler, Type.

Parmelia amplexa Stirt.

Stirton (1877) 212 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 121.

on bark,”Boschberg”, MacOwan, Type.

Parmelia atrichoides Nyl.

apud Crombie (1876 a) 167; Stizenberger (1890) no. 305 ; Hue (1890) 284 ; Jatta (1910) 192 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 152.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton.

310

Parmelia bijlii Vain.

Vainio (1926) 1 ; Lynge (1937) 86 ; van der Byl (1931) 13 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 554.

on bark of Quercus sp., Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 128, Type and 149.

Parmelia borreri Turn.

Drege (1843) 85, 141, 144, 146 ; Nylander (1860 a) 389, (1869 b) 289 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 320 ; van der Byl (1931) 13 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 153.

Parmelia dubia Schaer., Massalongo (1861) 50 ; Steiner (1907) 641 ; van der Byl

(1931) 13.

on. bark, Cape, Wawa ; Natal, Rehmann ; Transvaal, MacLea ; on Punica granatum Linn., Hopefield, v. d. Byl 389 (det. Vain.) ; on Quercus sp., Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 80 (det. Merrill) ; on bark, Paarlberg, Drège ; “Glenfilling”, Drège ; in a valley in the forest, between “Buffelrivier” and “Key”, Drège ; in a damp place in the forest, between “Gekau” and “Basche”, Drège.

Var. stictica Duby

Zahlbruckner (1932) 254, Cat. Lich. VI : 166.

on bark, Woodbush, v. d. Byl 520.

Var. ulophylla Nyl.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 512, Cat. Lich. VI : 156.

on bark, Haifischinsel off Lüderitzbucht, Fincke.

Parmelia brachyphylla Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1886) 256 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 304 ; Wainio (1900) 4 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 512, Cat. Lich. VI : 157.

on rocks, near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Parmelia brunnthaleri Steiner & Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 505, Cat. Lich. VI : 122; Gyelnik (1938) 270.

on sandstone rocks, Matjesfontein, Brunnthaler, Type ; near Kakamas, v. d. Byl 1146.

f. irregularis Gyeln.

Gyelnik (1938) 270.

on stone, Rooidam, Calvinia, v. d. Byl 1122.

Parmelia caffrorum Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 555.

Parmelia austroafricana Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 152, non Stirton 1877.

Parmelia capensis Nylander (1885) 613, non Ach. ; Hue (1890) 285 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 315.

Cape of Good Hope, Drège.

Parmelia caperata (Linn.) Ach.

Drège (1843) 141 ; (1860 a) 376 ; Stirton (1877) 212 ; Stizenberger (1890) no.

254 ; van der Byl (1931) 13 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 506, Cat. Lich. VI : 226.

on bark and old wood, “Glenfilling”, Drège ; Rhodesia, Bytes 822 (v. d. Byl 557) ;

on Podocarpus sp., van Reenen's Pass, Brunnthaler ; on Quercus sp., Genadendal, near Caledon, Brunnthaler.

311

Parmelia centrifuga (Linn.) Ach.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 270 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 122.

on rocks, Cape, Zeyher.

Parmelia ceresina Vain.

apud Lynge (1937) 87 ; van der Byl (1931) 13.

on rocks, Ceres, Leslie (v. d. Byl 474), Type.

Parmelia cetrarioides Del.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 296 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 233.

on bark, South Africa, without locality, Drège, Zeyher, Rehmann, Wilms.

Parmelia cetrata Ach.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 160.

Parmelia perforata Ach. var. cetrata Fr., Nylander (1860 a) 378 ; Hue (1890) 280 ; Stizenberger (1890 & 1895) no. 280.

on bark, Natal, Rehmann ; Pondoland, Bachmann.

f. ciliosa Viaud.-Gr. Marais

Steiner (1907) 641 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 514, Cat. Lich. VI : 160.

on bark, Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 975 ; on Portulacaria afra Jacq., Despatch, near Uitenhage, Brunnthaler ; on the ground, near Caledon, Brunnthaler.

Parmelia chlorea Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 151, no. 257 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 124.

on stones, Orange Free State, Orpen.

Parmelia citrinireagens Gyeln.

Gyelnik (1931 b) 282 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 555.

Parmelia digitulata Nyl. var. citrinireagens Gyelnik (1934) 154.

Enon, Breutel (sub Parmelia conspersa flavic. in Herb. Bouly de Lesdain, Dunkerque) ; Montagu Pass, Breutel (sub Parmelia conspersa var. E. in Herb. B. de Lesdain).

Var. angustior Gyeln.

Gyelnik (1931 b) 282 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 555.Table Mt., Wilms (sub Parmelia conspersa var. laxa in Herb. Bouly de Lesdain).

Parmelia colorata Gyeln.

Gyelnik (1938) 272.

on stone, Bitterfontein, Namaqualand, v. d. Byl 1192, Type; without locality, de Boers (v. d. Byl 1087).

Parmelia concolor Spreng.

Sprengel (1827) 328 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 252, Cat. Lich. VI : 125.

Parmelia leonora Sprengel apud Massalongo (1861) 51 ; Stizenberger (1890) 152, no. 260 ;van der Byl (1931) 14.

Parmelia conspersa Ach. var. leonora Lindsay (1859) 233.

Parmelia phaeophana (1877) Stirton 214.

on rocks, South Africa, without locality, Drège 64, Breutel, Baur, Wawra, McLea ; Boschberg, MacOwan ; Brandfort, Verwoerd (v. d. Byl 382, det. Vain.) ; Gouritz Rivier,

312

v. d. Byl 826 ; Miuzenberg, v. d. Byl 984, 986 ; on sandstone rocks, Stellenbosch, v. d. Byl 975 ; Lions Head, Pappe (S.A. M. 46868) ; without locality, Pappe 12 (S.A. M. 46876).

Var. multifida (Flotow) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 125.

Parmelia leonora Spreng. var. multifida von Flotow (1843) 29 ; Massalongo (1861) 51.

Parmelia conspersa var. multifida (Flotow) Stizenberger (1890) no. 259.

on rocks, Cape, Wawra, Krauss, Wilms.

Var. platyphylla ( Massal.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 125.

Parmelia leonora var. platyphylla Massalongo (1861) 51 ; ? von Flotow (1843) 29, nom. nud. ; Krauss (1846) 201.

on rocks, Cape of Good Hope, Wawra ; slopes of Table Mt., Krauss.

Parmelia concrescens Wain.

Wainio (1901) 400 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 162.

on trunk of tree, in high mountain region of Serra da Xella, Welwitsch 30 pr. p.

Parmelia conspersa Ach.

Acharius (1803) 205, (1810) 486, (1814) 209 ; Drège (1843) 52, 80, 114, 125, 132, 133, 138, 141 ; Nylander (1860 a) 391 ; Massalongo (1861) 50 ; Crombie (1876 a) 167 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 259 ; Wainio (1901) 401 ; Steiner (1907) 639 ; Schultze (1907) 706 ; van der Byl (1931) 13 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 a) 506, Cat. Lich. VI : 125; Watt. & Breijer-Brandwyk (1932) 215.

amongst mosses on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton ; on rocks, Cape, Wawra ; Witberg, Drège ; du Toits Kloof, Drège ; Olyfhout Kloof, Drège ; Paarlberg, Drège ; between Groenekloof and Dassenberg, Drège ; near Klein and Groot Vischrivier, Drège ; “Glenfilling”, Drège ; in forest “Koratra”, Drège ; Samteesvlakte, Drège ; Swellendam, Marloth 12102 ; Klein Vis Rivier, MacOwan 507, 507 b, 85, 86 ; Matopos, Borle 54 c, 87 ; Stellenbosch, Duthie 5 ; Paarl, v. d. Byl ; Wellington, Doidge, 89 ; Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 99 (det. Merrill) ; Kentani, Pegler 1229, 88; Bandolier Kop, Doidge, 90 ; Kooa, Kalahari, Schultze 116 ; on sandstone rocks in high mountain region of Morro de Lopollo, Welwitsch 53, 54 pr. p.

f. isidiata Anzi

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 506, Cat. Lich. VI : 130 ; van der Byl (1931) 13.

on schistose rocks, Haufischinsel, Fincke ; on primitive rocks, Wasserberg, near Windhoek, Fincke ; on stones, Ceres, Leslie (v. d. Byl 477).

Var. austro-africana (Stirt.) Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 152, no. 259 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 131.

Parmelia austro-africana Stirton (1877) 212.

on rocks, near Kimberley, Shaw, Type ; near Klein Via Rivier, MacOwan, 84.

Var. benguellensis Wain.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 131.

Parmelia subconspersa Nyl. var. benguellensis (Welw.) Wainio (1901) 401.

on trunks of evergreen trees, in forest region of Morro de Lopollo Mts., Welwitsch 31 pr. maj. p. ; in high mountain region of Serra da Zella, Welwitsch 30 pr. p.

on rocks, Ceres, Leslie (v. d. Byl 454, det. Vain.) ; Makoni, Eyles 825 (v. d. Byl 561, det. Vain.).

313

Var. constrictans (Nyl.) Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1883) 48 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 253, Cat. Lich. VI : 131.

Parmelia constrictans Nyl. apud Crombie (1876 a) 168, (1876 b) 19 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 264 ; Hue (1890) 289 ; van der Byl (1931) 13.

on ground, towards summit of Table Mt., Eaton, Type and MacOwan ; near Lydenburg, McLea ; Knysna, v. d. Byl.

on rocks, Bloukransrivier, v. d. Byl 662 ; near Ceres, Leslie (v. d. Byl 475, det. Vain, v. d. Byl 612).

Var. endomiltodes (Nyl.) Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1891) 378 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 253, Cat. Lich. VI : 131.

Parmelia endomiltodes Nyl. apud Crombie (1876 a) 168 ; Hue (1890) 289 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 263 ; van der Byl (1931) 13.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Type ; on crumbling granite rocks, Lions Head, MacOwan ; on rocks, Stellenbosch, v. d. Byl 973 ; Grey's Pass, Citrusdal, v. d. Byl 758.

Var. eradicata (Nyl.) Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1883) 48 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 131.

Parmelia constrictans var. eradicata Nyl. apud Crombie (1876 a) 168, (1876 b)

19 ; Hue (1890) 289 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 264 ; Zahlbruckner, (1926 b) 507. amongst mosses, summit of Table Mt., Eaton, Type; on rocks, near Caledon, Brunnthaler.

Var. hypoclista Nyl.

Nylander (1860 a) 391 ; Crombie (1876 a) 168 ; Hue (1890) 289, (1899) 142; van der Byl (1931) 13; Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 507, (1932) 253, Cat. Lich. VI : 132.

on rocks and on ground, Table Mt., Eaton ; Caledon, Brunnthaler ; Kloof Neck, Brunnthaler ; near Swakopmund, F. & R. Wettstein ; Marandellas, Eyles 3898 (van der Byl 547, det. Vain.).

Var. hypodistoides Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1883) 201 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI :132.

Parmelia scabrosa Taylor (1847) 162.

Cape of Good Hope (Herb. Hooker).

Var. hypomelaena Vain.

van der Byl (1931) 13, ? nom. nud.

on rock, Ceres, Leslie (v. d. Byl 476, det. Vain.).

Var. incisa (Tayl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 132.

Parmelia incisa Taylor (1847) 162, non Fr.

Parmelia subconspersa var. incisa Stizenberger (1890) 153.

on Table Mt. and Lions Head, MacOwan, Wilms ; Transvaal, Wilms.

Var. lacinulata Gyeln.

Gyelnik (1938) 272.

between Calvinia and Middelpos, v. d. Byl 1108, Type.

Var. polyphylla Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 133.

Parmelia conspersa f. polita, polyphylla Mey. & Flotow (?) as P. conspersa var. polita Flotow in van der Byl (1931) 13.

(?) on shrubs, Robertson, Bruwer (v. d. Byl 407, det. Vain.).

314

?) on stones, Stellenbosch, v. d. Byl 250 (det. Vain.), Eyles (v. d. Byl 384) ; Paarl, van Velden (v. d. Byl 335, det. Vain.); Riversdale, v. d. Byl 371 (det. Vain.).

Var. thamnidiella (Stirt.) Stizenb.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 135.

Parmelia thamnidiella Stirton (1877) 213 ; Gyelnik (1938) 293.

Parmelia subconspersa var. thamnidiella (Stirt.) Stizenberger (1890) 153, no. 265.

on basalt rocks, summit of Boschberg, MacOwan, Type, 106 ; on ground, Cave Mt., Graaff Reinet, McLea.

Parmelia conspersula Nyl.

apud Crombie (1876 a) 168, (1876 b) 19 ; Hue (1890) 289, (1899) 142 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 261 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 135.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Type.

Parmelia conturbata Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1888) 44 Stizenberger (1890) no. 334 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 507, (1932) 251, Cat. Lich. VI : 81.

on quartzite rocks, Namaqualand, Marloth 6548 ; Great Namaqualand, Schinz ; Lüderitzbucht, F. & R. Wettstein ; in mountains, near Sendelingsdrift, F. & R. Wettstein.

Var. exornata Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 251.

on non-calcareous rocks, Steinkopf, Namaqualand, Meyer (v. d. Byl 950) Type.

Parmelia cooperi Steiner & Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 528, Cat. Lich. VI : 235.

Kaffraria, Cooper, S. Afric. Plants 1813, Type.

Parmelia coronata Fée var. denudata Wain.

Wainio (1901) 401 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 163.

on trunks of Apodyte dimidiata E. Mey., in high forest, Morro de Lopollo Mts., Welwitsch 33, Type.

Parmelia cristifera Tayl.

van der Byl (1931) 13 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 237.on trunk of Oreodoxa regia H. B. & K., Durban, v. d. Byl 26 (det. A. L. Sm.).

Parmelia cuprea Pers.

apud Gaudich. (1826) 196 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 274.

on rocks, Cape of Good Hope.

Parmelia digitulata Nyl.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 136, VIII : 558 ; Gyelnik (1931 b) 279.

Var. esaxicola Gyeln.

Gyelnik (1938) 276.

on ground, Wolseley, v. d. Byl 1144, Type.

f. mitrovicensis Gyeln.

Gyelnik l.c.

Bitterfontein, Namaqualand, v. d. Byl 1187.

315

Parmelia domokosii Gyeln.

Gyelnik (1938) 277.

on stone, Laingsburg, v. d. Byl 1091, Type.

Parmelia dregeana Hampe

apud Nylander (1860 a) 398 ; (1890) 291, (1899) 139 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 340 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 83.

on quartzite rocks, Cape of Good Hope, Drège, Type.

Parmelia ecaperata Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1891) 378 ; Wainio (1900 a) 5 ; Stizenberger (1893) no. 254bis ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 136.

on trunks of palms, along the Shire River, between Lake Nyassa and the Zambesi River, Kirk.

Parmelia euneta Stirt.

Stirton (1878) 298 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 238.

on bark, near (?) Victoria, South Africa, G. Thomson.

Parmelia fissurina Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 172.

on granite, between Brandvlei and Tontelboskolk, Calvinia Distr., v. d. Byl 1136, Type ; near Upington, v. d. Byl 1159.

Parmelia fuliginosa Nyl.

Crombie (1876 a) 169 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 335 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 87.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton ; on crumbling granite rocks, Lion's Head, MacOwan.

Parmelia glabra Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 336 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 90.

on rocks, near Lydenburg, McLea.

Parmelia gracilescens Wain. var. angolensis Wain.

Wainio (1901) 401 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 168.

Parmelia angolensis Wain., van der Byl (1931) 13.

on tree trunks, in high mountain region of Serra da Xella, Welwitsch 30 pr. p. ; Morro de Lopollo, Welwitsch 31 pr. p, Type ; on trunk of Acacia mollisima Willd., Woodbush, v. d. Byl 495 (det. Vain.) ; on tree trunk, Woodbush, v. d. Byl 504, 528 (det. Vain.).

on rock, Hanover, Cape, v. d. Merwe (v. d. Byl 435, det. Vain.).

Parmelia granatensis Nyl.

van der Byl (1931) 13 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 168.

on tree trunk, Cango Caves, Oudtshoorn, v. d. Byl.

Parmelia hildebrandtii Kremplelh.

Var. nuda Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1891) 376, (1893 b) 296 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich„ VI : 240. Parmelia hildenbrandtii f. nuda Stizenberger (1893) no. 294.

on bark, near Boroma, Menyharth 464, 475.

316

Var. sorediosa Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1891) 376, (1893 b) 296 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 240. Parmelia hildebrandtii f. sorediosa Stizenberger (1893) no. 294.

on bark, near Boroma, Menyharth 464 ; Zambesi region, Kirk.

Parmelia hottentotta Ach.

Acharius (1803) 219, (1810) 456 ; Nylander (1860 a) 399, (1869 b) 321, not. ; Lindsay (1859) 235 ; Stirton (1877) 215 ; Crombie (1876 a) 170 ; Hue (1890)

291 ; Stizenberger (1890) 165, no. 343 ; Reinke (1895) 385, f. 102 ; Glück (1899) 171 ; Schultze (1907) 706 ; Lettau (1914) 48 ; Juel (1918) 50 ; van der Byl (1931) 13 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 539, (1936 c) Pl. 5, f. 5-6, (1932) 254, Cat. Lich. VI : 272.

Lichen ceranoides Lamarch (1789) 487.

Lichen hottentottus Acharius (1798) 155 ; Thunberg (1800) 187, (1823) 746.

Sticta hottentotta Acharius (1814) 231 ; Delise (1822) 134 ; Drège (1843) 68, 64, 85, 92.

Sticta hottentotta var. umbilicata Delise (1822) 135, Tab. XV. f. 58.

Peltigera ceranoides Sprengel (1827) 304.

Omphalodium hottentottum Flotow, von Flotow (1843) 27 ; Krauss (1846) 201 ; Hue (1900) 109 ; Minks (1900) 85.

Parmelia stictella Massalongo (1861) 52.

Imbricaria hottentottum Schwendener (1863) 159.

on rocks, rarely on trunks of trees, Cape, Thunberg ; Table Mt., Eaton ; east side of Table Mt., Krauss ; top of Winterhoekberg, Krauss ; Uitenhage, Krauss ; Bokpoort, Nieuweveld, Drège ; nr. Klaarstroom, Zwartebergen, Drège ; Paarlberg, Drège ; between Natvoet and Garip, Drège; ?Boschberg, MacOwan 509 (S.A. M. 46971 ; Arn. Exsicc. 1097 ; Lojka Lichenoth. univ. 64) ; Klein Vis Rivier, MacOwan 92, 93 ; Bazuja, Baur (MacOwan 70 a) ; on rocks, Matjesfontein, Brunnthaler ; near Lydenburg, McLea ; Steinkopf, Meyer (v. d. Byl 964) ; Kloof Neck, Brunnthaler ; near Laingsburg, Marloth 12101 ; Clanwilliam, b. d. Byl 770 ; Steenbras Rivier, v. d. Byl 460 ; Ceres, Leslie (v. d. Byl 461, det. Vain.) ; Stellenbosch, de Vries (v. d. Byl 563) ; near Cape Cross, Schultze 28, 29, 53 b ; Montagu, v. Huysteen (Stell. 568) ; Simonsberg, Barnard (S. A. M. 39220) ; Paarlberg (S.A.M. 46861).

Var. diachrosta Stirt.

Stirton (1877) 215 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 273.

on rocks, ? Boschberg, MacOwan.

Var. pachythalla Nyl.

apud Hue (1890) 292 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 273.

Parmelia pachythalla Spreng. apud Nylander (1860 a) 399.

on rocks, without locality, Pappe 14 (S.A. M. 46873) ; Devils Peak, Pappe (S.A. M. 46874) ; on trunks of trees, without locality, Pappe 15 (S.A. M. 46875).

Var. phalacra Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 273.

Omphalodium hottentottum Flotow. var. phalacrum Hue (1900) 110.

on rocks, South Africa, without locality.

Parmelia hypocraea Wain.

Wainio (1901) 400 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 169.

on bark of leguminous tree, in dense forest, near Monino River, Huila, Welwitsch 32 pr. p. Type.

317

Parmelia hypoleia Nyl.

Nylander (1860) 393, (1869 b) 293 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 278 ; Hue (1890) 290, (1899) 143 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 138.

Parmelia mutabilis Taylor (1847) 171, non Fries ; Lindsay (1859) 219 ; Nylander (1860 a) 387, (1869 b) 293 ; J. Müller-Arg. (1880) 200 ; Hue (1890) 288.

Parmelia phaeophana Stirt. var. stenotera Stirton (1877) 215.

Omphalodium mutabile Minks (1900) 86.

on rocks, Cape of Good Hope, Wawra ; Orange Free State, Rehmann ; (?) Boschberg, MacOwan, 94, 95 ; Uitenhage, Zeyher (Herb. Hook.) ; Cape, without locality, (Lichenoth. univ. 65 ; S.A.M. 46972).

Var. crenata Nyl.

Nylander (1860 a) 393 ; Hue (1890) 290 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 138. Parmelia hypoleia f. crenata Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 278.

on rocks, Cape, Gueinzius.

Var. tenuifida Nyl.

Nylander (1860 a) 393 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 278 ; Hue (1890) 280 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 138.

on rocks, Cape of Good Hope, Gueinzius.

Parmelia hypoleioides Vain.

Vainio (1926) 1 ; van der Byl (1931) 13 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 560.

on rock, Paarl Rock, v. Velden (v. d. Byl 334), Type.

Parmelia hyporysalea Vain.

Vainio (1921) 47 ; Zahlbruckner, (1926 b) 533, 534, Cat. Lich. VI : 240.

Parmelia olivetorum Nyl. var. hyporysalea Wainio (1901) 399.

on branches of shrubs, in high mountain region, Morro de Lopollo, Welwitsch 6, 27 ; on old trunks of trees in dense forest, Great Hippopotamus Lake, Invantâla, Welwitsch 26; on branches of trees, on rock summit of Serra da Xella Mts., Welwitsch 28.

Parmelia imitans (Müll.-Arg.) Gyeln. f. protoimbricatoides Gyeln.

Gyelnik (1934) 156.

Montagu Pass, Breutel (sub P. conspersa var., Herb. Bouly de Lesdain), Type.

Parmelia insignata Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1860) 162, no. 324 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 169.

on ground, summit of Lions Head, MacOwan, Type.

Parmelia interrupta Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 154, no. 273 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 140.

on rocks, near Ceres, in Warm Bokkeveld, MacOwan, Type.

Parmelia isidiza Nyl.

Nylander (1884) 130, (1885) 612 ; Hue (1890) 286 ; van der Byl (1931) 14 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 170.

on branches of Strychnos sp., Matopos, v. d. Byl 166 (det. Vain.) ; on Euphorbia sp., Bot. Gard., Durban, v. d. Byl 15 (det. A. L. Sm.).

318

Parmelia junodii Steiner

Steiner (1907) 640 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 170.

on bark, Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 978 (Herb. Barbey Boissier).

Parmelia laevigata (J. E. Sm.) Ach.

Nylander (1869 a) 6 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 307 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 171.

on tree trunks, Transvaal ; Natal, Armstrong.

Parmelia latissima Fée

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 241.

on Acacia karroo Haynes, Kentani, Pegler 1231, 97.

Parmelia laxa (Müll.-Arg.) Gyeln. f. lacinulata Gyeln.

Gyelnik (1934) 159.

Outeniqua, Breutel (sub. P. conspersa in Herb. Bouly de Lesdain).

Parmelia lecanoracea Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1888) 529 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 319 ; Wainio (1900) 4; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 173.

on rocks, near Aris Drift, Orange River, Schenck.

Parmelia lichinoidea Nyl.

Crombie (1876 a) 169, (1876 b) 19 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 341 ; Hue (1890) 291 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 95.

amongst mosses on ground, top of Table Mt., Eaton, Type.

Parmelia lugubris Pers.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 346 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 243.

Table Mt., Rehmann.

Parmelia macleyana Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1891) 376 ; Wainio (1900) 2 ; Stizenberger (1893) 292bis;

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 243.

on bark, South Africa (Kew) ; “In Africa meridionali capricornica”

Parmelia majoris Wain.

Wainio (1901) 401 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 174.

on branches of trees, on rocky heights of Serra da Xella, Welwitsch 29.

Parmelia melancholica Steiner & Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 507, Cat. Lich. VI : 95.

on sandstone rocks, Matjesfontein, Brunnthaler, Type.

Parmelia molliuscula Ach.

Acharius (1810) 492 ; Nylander (1860 a) 393 ; Crombie (1876 a) 169; Stizenberger (1890) no. 277 ; Juel (1918) 51 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 507, Cat. Lich. VI : 71.

Parmelia conspersa var. stenophylla Ach., Stizenberger (1890) no. 259.

on rocks and on ground, Masterberg, near Saldanha Bay, Drège 16 ; Cape, Thunberg ; Table Mt., Eaton ; Klein Vis Rivier, MacOwan, 98.

319

Parmelia molybdiza Nyl.

apud Crombie (1876 a) 167, (1876 b) 19 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 306 ; Hue (1890) 284 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 254, Cat. Lich. VI : 176.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Type ; Gouritz River, v. d. Byl 289.

Parmelia mougeotii Schaer.

Nylander (1860 a) 392, (1868) 4, (1869 a) 6 ; Massalongo (1861) 50 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 271 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 142.

on rocks, Cape, Wawra ; Durban, Armstrong.

Var. dealbata Massal.

Massalongo (1861) 50 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 144.

on quartzite and volcanic rocks, Cape, Wawra.

Var. obscurata Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 144.

Parmelia mougeotina Nyl., Wainio (1901) 401.

on sandstone rocks, in high mountain region, Morro de Lopollo, Welwitsch 53, 54 pr. p.

Parmelia namaënsis Steiner & Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 508, Cat. Lich. VI : 96.

on granite, Haifischinsel off Lüderitzbucht, Fincke, Type.

Parmelia natalensis Steiner & Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 515, Cat. Lich. VI : 245.

on Podocarpus sp., van Reenen's Pass, Brunnthaler, Type.

Parmelia nilgherrensis Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 297 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 246,

on bark, Natal, Rehmann.

Parmelia nitens Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1894) 255 ; Wainio (1900) 3, (1901) 399 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 246.

on schistose-sandstone rocks, in high forest, Morro de Lopollo, Welwitsch 25.

Parmelia oleagina Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 163, no. 333 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 96.

on ground, near, Lydenburg, MacLea, Type (Herb. Rehmann).

Parmelia olivacea Nyl.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 96.

? Parmelia olivacea Ach., Drège (1843) 86.

? Paarlberg, Drège.

Parmelia olivaria (Ach.) Th. Fr.

Steiner (1907) 640 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 247.

Parmelia olivetorum (Ach.) Nylander (1869 a) 6.

on bark, Stellenbosch, Duthie 10 ; Durban, Armstrong.

320

Parmelia omphalodes Ach. var. panniformis Ach.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 181.

Parmelia omphalodes var. panniformis Ach. f. crinalis Hepp., Stizenberger (1890) no.

on rocks, top of Table Mt.

Parmelia owaniana Stirt.

Stirton (1877) 213 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 273.

Boschberg, MacOwan, Type.

Parmelia perfissa Steiner & Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 519 ; Cat. Lich. VI : 183.

on red sandstone, on a hill east of Port Elizabeth, Brunnthaler.

Parmelia perforata (Wulf) Ach.

Acharius (1803) 270 ; Drège (1843) 80, 85, 89, 130, 132, 146, 159 ; Nylander (1860 a) 377, (1869 a) 6 ; Crombie (1876 a) 167 ; Stirton (1877) 212 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 280 ; Juel (1918) 50 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 249.

Lichen perforates Wulf, Thunberg (1800) 178, (1823) 746.

Parmotrema perforata Massalongo (1861) 54.

on trunks of trees, Cape, Thunberg ; Table Mt., Drège, Eaton ; Klein Vis Rivier, MacOwan 505 (S.A. M. 46945) 99, 100 ; in hills above Maritzburg, Rehmann ; Durban, Armstrong ; amongst mosses, Bazuja, Baur (MacOwan 1125) ; Kentani, Pegler (S.A.M. 46945) ; du Toits Kloof, Drège ; Paarlberg, Drège ; Zwartkopsrivier, Drège ; Samteesvlakte, Drège ; between “Key” and “Basche”, Drège ; in bush “auf der Hohe Omblas”, Drège.

Var. ciliata Nyl.

Nylander (1860 a) 377 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 280 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich.

VI : 252.

? Parmelia perforata f. ciliata Flotow, von Flotow (1843) 29 ; Krauss (1846) 201.

on granite rocks, Lions Head, MacOwan ; Transvaal, Wilms ; ? on bark of Gymnosporia; Swellendam, Krauss.

Parmelia perisidiosa Nyl.

apud Stizenberger (1890) 153, no. 266, nom. nud. ; Hue (1890) 289, nom. nud. ;

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 144.

Cape of Good Hope, Drège.

Parmelia perlata (Hudson) Ach.

Nylander (1860 a) 379 ; van der Byl (1931) 14 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 253. on dead wood, Makoni, Eyles 823 (v. d. Byl 558) ; Matopos, Borle 54 a. 102 ; Kentani, Pegler (S.A. M. 46944) ; Uitenhage, Pappe 16 (S.A. M. 46876).

Var. ciliata Duby f. sorediifera Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1893 a) 510, (1891) 382 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 259. Parmelia perlata f. sorediifera Stizenberger (1890) 382, o. 282.

on rocks, Pondoland, Bachmann.

Parmelia perplexa Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 331 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 144.

on sandstone rocks, Warm Bokkeveld Mts., near Ceres, MacOwan, Type.

321

Parmelia perrugata Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 331 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 102.

(?) on rocks, Brakfontein, Ecklon ; (identification somewhat doubtful, Stizenberger, 1.c.).

Parmelia perspersa Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 152, no. 262 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 144.

on sandstone rocks, Lions Head, MacOwan, Type.

Parmelia persulphurata Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 256 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 261.

on branches of trees, between Komati and Sand Rivers, Wilms.

Parmelia physodes (Linn.) Ach.

Juel (1918) 50 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 36.

Lichen physodes Linn., Thunberg (1800) 177, (1923) 744.

on bark, Cape, Thunberg.

Parmelia pilosa Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 165, no. 342; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI: 184.

on rocks, Taaiboschkrantz, near Rhenoster River, Orange Free State, Rehmann, Type.

Parmelia pilosella Hue

Steiner (1907) 641 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 184.

on bark, Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 979 pr. p., 985 pr. p.

Parmelia proboscidea Tayl.

van der Byl (1931) 14 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 262.

on rock, Marandellas, Bytes 3882 (v. d. Byl 551, det. Vain.) ; Garcia's Pass,

J. Muir 3767, 1395.

Var. sorediifera Müll.-Arg.

Steiner (1907) 641 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 263.

on bark, Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 976, 979 pr. p., 984 pr. p.

Parmelia prolixa (Ach.) Röhl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 330 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 103.

on rocks, Cape, Ecklon.

f. dendritica Nyl.

Nylander (1868) 4 ; Wainio (1901) 402 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 330 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 105.

on quartzite rocks, on high tableland between Caraca and Cazimba, Welwitsch 48, 49.

Var. applicata Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 163, no. 330 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 106.

on sandstone rocks, in mountains, around Cape Town, MacOwan, Type.

322

Parmelia prolixula Nyl.

apud Crombie (1876 a) 169, (1876 b) 19 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 338 ; Hue (1890) 291 ; van der Byl (1931) 14; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 107.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Type ; Ceres, Leslie (v. d. Byl 467, 472, det. Vain.).

Parmelia pseudoconspersa Gyeln.

Gyelnik (1934) 162.

Montagu Pass, Breutel (Herb. Bouly de Lesdain, sub Parmelia, Imbricaria conspersa var. degenerante isidiofera).

Parmelia quercina Wain.

Zahlbruckner, Cal. Lich. VI : 186.

Parmelia tiliacea Ach., Nylander (1869 a) 6 ; Stizenberger (1890 & 1895) no. 301.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

f. cupiseda Vain.

van der Byl (1931) 14, ? nom. nud.

on rock, Caledon, v. d. Byl 366, 368 (det. Vain.).

Var. rimulosa Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 191.

Parmelia tiliacea var. rimulosa Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1893) 296 ; Schinz (1905) 393.

near Boroma, Menyharth 458.

Parmelia resupina Stirt.

Stirton (1878) 298 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 264.

on branches, near Knysna, J. B. Knobel, Type.

Parmelia reterimulosa Steiner & Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 520, Cat. Lich. VI : 192.

on rocks, van Reenen's Pass, Brunnthaler, Type.

Parmelia reticulata Tayl.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 192.

Parmelia cetrata Ach. f. sorediifera Wain., J. Müller-Arg. (1893 a) 510. Stizenberger (1895) no. 280.

on tree trunks, Pondoland, Bachmann.

Parmelia revoluta Floerke

Stirton (1877) 212 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 302 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 193.

Parmelia tiliacea var. revoluta Krempelh., Nylander (1869 a) 6.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong ; (?) Cape, MacOwan.

Parmelia rudecta Ach.

Stizenberger (1890) 161, no. 321 ; Hue (1890) 286, (1899) 152 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 197.

Parmelia laceratula Nyl. f. phricoides Stirton (1877) 213.

323

on bark, Cape, Drège, Breutel, Rehmann ; Natal, Rehmann ; on trunks of trees, Boschberg, MacOwan & Tuck (MacOwan 500) 105, and MacOwan, 96; on ground, Devils Peak, Pappe 17 (S.A.M. 46882).

Var. microphyllina Nyl.

Zahlbruckner, (1926 b) 522, Cat. Lich. VI : 198.

on schistose rocks, Wasserberg near Windhoek, Fincke.

Parmelia saxatilis (Linn.) Ach.

Drège (1843) 80 ; Nylander (1860 a) 388, (1869 a) 6 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 325; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 198.

on bark and on rocks, du Toits Bloof, Drège ; Durban, Armstrong ; Paarl, Pappe (S.A. M. 46877).

Parmelia saxeti Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 153, no. 268 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 146.

on basalt rocks, Lebombo Mts., Wilms, Type.

Parmelia schenckiana Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1888) 529 ; Stizenberger (1890) 151, no. 258 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 509, (1932) 253, Cat. Lich. VI : 146 ; Gyelnik (1938) 288.

Parmelia schenckiana f. perfecta Gyelnik l.c.

on quartzite rocks, near Obib, Orange River, Schenck, Type ; Steinkopf Mt., Meyer (v. d. Byl 956) ; on rocks, Masterberg, near Saldanha Bay, Drège 19 (Herb. Palat. Vindob.) ; on sandstone Matjesfontein, Brunnthaler ; on schistose rocks, Haifischinsel Lüderitzbucht, Fincke ; near Windhoek, Fincke.

f. imperfecta Gyeln.

Gyelnik (1938) 289.

on stone, between Brandvlei and Tontelboskook, Calvinia, v. d. Byl 1127 ; Sutherland Distr., v. d. Byl 1071.

Var. chalybaeizana Steiner & Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 510, (1932) 253, Cat. Lich. VI : 146.

on sandstone rocks, Matjesfontein, Brunnthaler, Type ; South West Africa, F. & R. Wettstein; Rooidam, Calvinia, v. d. Byl 1121 ; between Calvinia and Middelpos, v. d. Byl 1099 ; Laingsburg, v. d. Byl 1092 ; without locality, de Boers (v. d. Byl 0186).

Parmelia schreuderiana Gyeln.

Gyelnik (1938) 270.

Parmelia bylii Gyelnik in Herb., non Vain.

on stone, Lokenburg, Calvinia, v. d. Byl 1197, Type ; Namaqualand, v. d. Byl 1208; Piquetberg, du Plessis (v. d. Byl 1034) ; nr. Barrydale, Steyn (v. d. Byl 1213).

Parmelia scortea Ach.

Drège (1843) 89 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 207.

Parmelia tiliacea var. scortea Duby, J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 296.

near Boroma, Menyharth 474 ; Table Mt., in damp places, Drège.

Parmelia sinuosa Ach.

Massalongo (1861) 50 ; Nylander (1869 b) 292 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 311; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 211.

amongst mosses and liverworths, Cape, Wawra.

324

Parmelia soredians Nyl.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI: 146.

on trunk of Pinus sp., Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 130 (det. Vain.) ; on trunk of Quercus sp., Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 133 (det. Vain.).

Parmelia sphaerospora Nyl.

Nylander (1859) 254, (1860 a) 376 ; Hue (1890) 279 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 253 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 147.

on bark of trees, Cape of Good Hope.

Parmelia squamans Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 164, no. 339 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 113.

on ground, near Lydenburg, McLea, Type (Herb. Rehmann).

Parmelia squamariata Nyl.

apud Crombie (1876 a) 168, (1876 b) 19 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 274 ; Hue (1890) 290 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 147.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Type.

f. cinerascens Nyl.

apud Crombie (1876 a) 169 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 274 ; Hue (1890)

290 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 147.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Type.

Parmelia standaertii Gyeln. var. africana Gyeln.

Gyelnik (1934) 164.

near Adelaide, Miss Ringon, Type (sub P. conspersa, ? Herb. Bouly de Lesdain 859).

Parmelia steineri Gyeln.

Gyelnik (1938) 289.

on the ground, Wolseley, v. d. Byl 1141, Type.

Parmelia stenophylla (Ach.) du Rietz f. hypomelaena Vain.

apud Lynge (1937) 89.

on rocks, Ceres, Leslie, Type.

Parmelia stenophylloides (Müll.-Arg.) Wain.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 253, Cat. Lich. VI : 148.

on quartz rocks, Muizenberg, v. d. Byl 1007.

Parmelia subaequans Nyl.

apud Crombie (1876 a) 167, (1876 b) 19 ; Stirton (1877) 213 ; Hue (1890) 287 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 323 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 148.

amongst mosses, on trunks of trees, Table Mt., Eaton, Type, Drège.

Parmelia subcaperatula Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 255 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 266.

on branches of trees, Krugerspost near Lydenburg, Wilms.

325

Parmelia subconspersa Nyl.

Crombie (1876 a) 168 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 265 ; van der Byl (1931) 14 ; Gyelnik (1934) 164.

Parmelia conspersa var. subconspersa Steiner, Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 507 ; (1932) 253, 253, Cat. Lich. VI : 134.

on rocks, Cape, Natal, Transvaal ; Haifischinsel off Lüderitzbucht, Fincke ; near Windhoek, Fincke ; near Worcester, Brunnthaler ; Salisbury, Eyles (v. d. Byl 627) ; Waterfall, Knysna, v. d. Byl 928 ; Karata River, v. d. Byl 856 ; Bloukrans River, v. d. Byl ; Table Mt., Eaton ; Makoni, Eyles (v. d. Byl 562, det. Vain.).

f. lobulifera Gyeln.

Gyelnik (1938) 290.

between Bitterfontein and Garies, v. d. Byl 1178, Type.

Var. africana Gyeln.

Gyelnik (1934) 164.

near Adelaide, Miss Ringon, Type.

Parmelia subcrustacea Gyeln.

Gyelnik (1938) 291.

on stone, Jau, de Boers (v. d. Byl 1083), Type.

Parmelia subdecipiens Vain.

apud Lynge (1937) 89.

on rocks, Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 125, Type.

Parmelia subflabellata Steiner

Steiner (1907) 639 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 266.

on ground, Stellenbosch, Duthie 7 (Herb. Barbey-Boissier), Type.

Parmelia sublaevigata Nyl.

Nylander (1869 a) 6, (1869 b) 292, (1885) 611 ; J. Müller-Arg. (1888) 198 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 308 ; Hue (1890) 284, (1899) 169 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 213.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

Parmelia subquercina Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1891) 377 ; Stizenberger (1893) no. 303bis ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 215.

on rocks, South Africa, MacOwan.

Parmelia subrudecta Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 322 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 215.

on trunks of trees, in mountains near Krakakama, Ecklon, Breutel.

Parmelia subschenckiana Gyeln.

Gyelnik (1938) 291.

on stone, Lokenburg, Calvinia, v. d. Byl 1140, Type.

326

Parmelia subsinuosa Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 313 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 215.

on mosses, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Parmelia suffixa Stirt.

Stirton (1878) 299 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 216.

on bark, near Knysna, Knobel, Type.

Parmelia synestia Stirt.

Stirton (1877) 214 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 148.

on mossy rocks, Cave Mountain, Graaff Reinet, McLea, Type.

Parmelia terricola Steiner & Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 510, Cat. Lich. VI : 148.

on ground, on a hill near Port Elizabeth, Brunnthaler, Type ; Cape, without locality, v. d. Byl 1222.

Parmelia texana Tuckerm.

Stirton (1877) 212 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 309 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 220.

South Africa, without locality.

Parmelia tinctorum Despr.

Stizenberger (1895) no. 300 ; Steiner (1907) 640 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 254, Cat. Lich. VI : 268.

Parmelia praetervisa Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 295 ; Schinz (1905) 393.

on bark of trees, Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 984 pr. p., 979 pr. p., 975 pr. p; ; near Boroma, Menyharth 268 ; near Lydenburg, Neethling (v. d. Byl 1048) ; on rocks, Groot Rivier, Knysna, v. d. Byl 842.

Parmelia toxodes Stirt.

Stirton (1878) 253 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 220.

on mosses, South Africa, without locality.

Parmelia vanderbylii Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 252.

on non-calcareous rocks, van Rhyn's Pass, v. d. Byl 760, Type.

Parmelia verruculifera Nyl.

Steiner (1907) 641 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 119.

on rocks, Stellenbosch, Duthie 3.

Parmelia worcesteri Steiner & Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 511, Cat. Lich. VI : 149.

on schistose rock, on a hill north of the town, Worcester, Brunnthaler, Type.

Parmelia xanthotropa Stirt.

Stirton (1878) 202 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 149.

(?) on rocks, near Somerset East, MacOwan, Type.

327

Parmelia zambesica Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 296 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 271. Stizenberger (1895) 285 ter ; Schinz (1905) 393.

on bark, near Boroma, Menyharth 268, 269, 475.

Parmelia zollingeri Hepp

J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 296 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 271.

on bark, near Boroma, Menyharth 268, 269, 475.

USNEACEAE

Alectoria chalybeiformis (Linn.) Röhl. f. terrestris Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 149, no. 244 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 383.

on clayey ground, Franskraal, near Smithfield, Orpen (S.A. M. 46939) 1.

Alectoria jubata Ach.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 389.

on bark, Smithfield, Orpen (S.A. M. 46938).

Cornicularia tenuissima (Linn.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 420.

Cetraria aculeata (Schreb.) Fr., Stizenberger (1890) no. 238.

on ground, Cape, Breutel ; Lions Head, MacOwan, 73.

Dufourea physcioides Massal.

Massalongo (1861) 83 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 370.

on branches of a tree, Cape, Breutel.

Ramalina angulosa Laur.

apud Th. Fries (1861) 411 ; Drège (1843) 94 ; Nylander (1870) 115 ; Hue (1890) 261 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 169 ; van der Byl (1935 a) 6 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 436.

Ramalina capensis var. angulosa Th. Fries (1861) 411.

Cape of Good Hope, Ecklon ; Garip, near mouth of Orange River, Drège.

Ramalina arabum (Ach.) Mey. & Flotow

Nylander (1870) 113 ; Hue (1890) 261 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 166 ; van der Byl (1935 a) 5 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 438.

on tree trunks and rocks, Cape of Good Hope.

Ramalina arbuscula Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 141, no. 202 ; van der Byl (1935 a) 6 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 438.

on rocks, Muizenberg, MacOwan.

Ramalina bourgeana Nyl.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 441.

Ramalina webbii Mont. var. capensis Massalongo (1861) 46.

on rocks, Cape of Good Hope, Wawra.

328

Ramalina calicaris (Linn.) Röhl.

Nylander (1869 a) 6 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 177 ; van der Byl (1931) 14, (1935 a) 11 ; Zahlbruckner, (1932) 254, Cat. Lich. VI : 442.

on branches, Durban, Armstrong ; Brenton, Knysna, v. d. Byl 687 ; Umtali, Eyles 1727 (v. d. Byl 555) 134 ; on branches of Canthium sp., Knysna, v. d. Byl.

Ramalina complanata (Sw.) Ach.

Drège (1843) 85, 94, 95, 108, 132 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 175 ; J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 295 ; Schinz (1905) 393 ; van der Byl (1935 a) 8 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 254, Cat. Lich. VI : 542.

on branches, Transvaal, Wilms ; Cape, Ecklon, Rehmann ; near Boroma, Menyharth 464 ; Kaaimansrivier, v. d. Byl 851; The Heads, Knysa, v. d. Byl 910 pr. p. ; Paarlberg, Drège ; Garip, near mouth of Orange River, Drège ; on dry stony hills, Ebenezar, Drège ; Samteesvlakte, Drège.

Ramalina cuspidata (Ach.) Nyl.

Nylander (1870) 158 ; Crombie (1876 a) 167 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 201 van der Byl (1935 a) 9 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 455.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton.

f. implexa Oliv.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 456.

Ramalina scopulorum Ach. var. implexa Nylander (1860 a) 293.

? as Ramalina implexa Laur., Stizenberger (1890) no. 181.

on maritime rocks, Cape of Good Hope, ? Drège.

Ramalia dendriscoides Nyl.

Wainio (1901) 397 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 459.

on calcareous rocks, on sea shore near Saco de Giraul, Mossamedes, Welwitsch 24.

Ramalina denticulata (Eschw.) Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 174 ; van der Byl (1935 a) 8 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 459.

on bark, Table Mt., MacOwan.

Ramalina duriaei Jatta

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 462.

Ramalina evernoides Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 193 ; van der Byl (1935 a) 7. on trunks, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Ramalina euphorbiae Wain.

Wainio (1901) 398 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 463.

on fleshy stems of Euphorbia decumbens Welw., on coastal hills near Mossamedes, Welwitsch 23.

Ramalina farinacea (Linn.) Ach.

Drège (1843) 132 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 178 ; van der Byl (1935 a) 7 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 464.

on tree trunks, South Africa, Baur, Wilms ; eastern Cape, Rand (v. d. Byl) ; Samteesvlakte, near Enon, Drège.

329

Var. squarrosa Müll.-Arg.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 178 ; van der Byl (1935 a) 7 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 472

on bark, Transvaal, Wilms.

Ramalina fastigiata Ach.

van der Byl (1935 a) 11 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 472.

Lichen fastigiatus Pers., Thunberg (1800) 179, (1823) 747.

Parmelia fastigiata Ach., van der Byl (1931) 13.

Ramalina fraxinea Ach. var. fastigiata Fr., Juel (1918) 49.

on branches of trees, Cape, Thunberg ; Kentani, Pegler (S.A. M. 46946) ; Humansdorp, Woodcock (S.A. M. 46931) ; Umtali, Eyles 4293 (v. d. Byl 572, det. A. L. Sm.).

Ramalina fraxinea (Linn.) Ach.

Acharius (1810) 602, (1814) 296 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 183; van der Byl (1935 a) 11 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 478.

Lichen fraxineus Linn., Thunberg (1800) 179, (1823) 747.

Parmelia fraxinea Acharius (1803) 258.

on branches, Cape, Thunberg, Wawra.

Ramalina geniculata Hook. f. & Tayl.

van der Byl (1931) 14, (1935 a) 4 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 490.

on trunk of Acacia mollissima Willd., Woodbush, v, d. Byl 512 (det. Vain.) ; on trunk of Ocotea bullata E. Mey., Knysna, v. d. Byl 261 (det. Vain.) ; on trunk of tree undet., Onrust, van der Riet (v. d. Byl 324, det. Vain.).

Var. olivacea Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 255, Cat. Lich. VI : 490.

? as Ramalina geniculata f. tenuis Hue, van der Byl (1935 a) 4.

on bark of Rhus glauca Desf., Platbos near Stilbaai, Muir (v. d. Byl 965).

Ramalina gracilis (Pers.) Nyl.

Nylander (1860 a) 296 ; van der Byl (1931) 14, (1935 a) ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 254, Cat. Lich. VI : 490.

on branches of Canthium sp., Brenton, Knysna, v. d. Byl 691 ; on branches of tree undet., The Heads, Knysna, v. d. Byl 910 pr. p.

Ramalina intermedia Del.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 207 ; van der Byl (1935 a) 5 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 493.

? on branches of trees, Cape of Good Hope : rather doubtful record, Stizenb. l.c.

Ramalina lanceolata Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 187 ; van der Byl (1935 a) 13 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 495.

? as Ramalina yemensis var. lanceolata Nyl., van der Byl (1931) 14.

on branches of trees, South Africa, without locality, Drège, Breutel, Wilms ; on Quercus sp., Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 142.

Ramalina linearis Ach.

von Flotow (1843) 26 ; Krauss (1846) 202 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 497.

on trees, Swellendam, Krauss.

330

Ramalina melanothrix Laur.

apud Nylander (1860 a) 290, (1870) 110 ; Drège (1843) 94 ; Stizenberger, (1890) no. 162 ; Hue (1890) 261 ; van der Byl (1935 a) 5 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 499.

Ramalina capensis var. melanothrix Th. Fries (1861) 411.

Cape of Good Hope, Schenck ; Garip, near mouth of the Orange River, Drège.

Ramalina pollinaria Ach.

Drège (1843) 94, 109 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 502.

on dry stony hills, Garip, near mouth of the Orange River, Drège ; Ebenezar, Drège.

f. cariosa Laur.

apud Nylander (1870) 150 ; Hue (1890) 266 ; Stizenberger (1890) no, 190 ; van der Byl (1935 a) 7 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 505.

Cape of Good Hope.

Ramalina pusilla Le Prév.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 204, van der Byl (1931) 14, (1935 a) 4 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 512.

on branches of trees, South Africa, without locality, Drège, Wawra, Rehmann, Wilms, Breutel, MacOwan ; on tree trunk, Zululand, Harris (v. d. Byl (232) ; on Acacia mollissima Willd., Howick, v. d. Byl 206 (det. Vain.).

Ramalina scopulorum Ach.

Drège (1843) 88 ; Nylander (1860 a) 292 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 515.

on maritime rocks, Cape of Good Hope ; in krantzes, Table Mt., Drège.

Var. cornuta Ach.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 518.

Parmelia capensis Acharius (1803) 269.

Parmelia scopulorum f. cornuata Ach., Stizenberger (1890) no. 197 ; van der Byl (1935 a) 10.

Cape of Good Hope, Drège ; Löwenberg, Pappe 8 (S.A. M. 46866).

Var. humilis Schaer.

Massalongo (1861) 46 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 518.

on rocks, amongst mosses, Cape of Good Hope, Wawra.

Ramalina subfraxinea Nyl.

Nylander (1870) 139 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 185 ; van der Byl (1935 a) 9 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 523.

on rocks, near Muizenberg, MacOwan ; near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Ramalina usnea (Linn.) Howe jr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 526.

Lichen usnea Linn., Thunberg (1800) 179, (1823) 748.

Alectoria usneoides Ach., Drège (1843) 133.

Ramalina usneoides Mont., Juel (1918) 51.

on trees in woods, Cape, Thunberg ; Enon, Drège ; Enon, Pappe (S.A. M. 47013).

Var. capensis (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

van der Byl (1935 a) 10 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 527.

331

Ramalina usneoides Mont. var. capensis Nylander (1870) 123 ; Hue (1890)

262 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 173.

on branches of trees, Cape of Good Hope, Drège ; Gouritz Rivier, Breutel.

Var. contorta (Flotow) Zahlbr.

van der Byl (1935 a) 10 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 527.

Ramalina usneoides var. contorta Flotow apud Stizenberger (1890) 136, no. 173. on branches of trees, Gouritz Rivier, Breutel ; Insiza, Eyles 2767 (S.A. M. 26545).

Ramalina yemensis (Ach.) Nyl.

Nylander (1870) 144 ; Crombie (1876 a) 167 ; Stirton (1877) 212 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 186 ; Steiner (1907) 638 ; van der Byl (1931) 14, (1935 a) 12 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 540, Cat. Lich. VI : 528.

on trunks and brgmches of trees, Table Mt., Eaton, Brunnthaler ; Stellenbosch, Duthie 1 pr. p. ; Hottentot's Holland, MacOwan (Lichenoth, univ. 57 ; S.A. M. 47016) ; Piquetberg, v. d. Byl ; Kentani, Pegler (S.A. M. 46947, 46948) ; Paarl, Cuff (v. d. Byl 440, 441, det. Vain.) ; Umtali, Eyles 4243, 4290 (v. d. Byl 568, 569, det. A. L. Sm.) ; Blue Lilies Bush, Humansdorp, Woodcock (S.A.M. 46932) ; on Acacia mollissima Willd., Howick, v. d. Byl ; Woodbush, v. d. Byl 496, 511, (det. Vain.) ; on Podocarpus sp., van Reenen's Pass, Brunnthaler ; on Quercus sp., Genadendal, near Caledon, Brunnthaler ; Ceres, Leslie (v. d. Byl 456, det. Vain.) ; Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 81 (det. Merrill).

f. fenestralis Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 139, no. 186 ; van der Byl (1935 a) 12 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 528.

on bark, Lions Head, MacOwan.

f. sublinearis Nyl.

Nylander (1870) 144 ; van der Byl (1931) 14, (1935 a) 12 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 528.

on Gymnosporia buxifolia Szysz., Eteza, Zululand, v. d. Byl 124.

Var ecklonii (Spreng.) Wain.

van der Byl (1935a) 12 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 528.

Ramalina ecklonii Mey. & Flotow (1843) 26 ; Krauss (1846) 202

Ramalina calicaris f. ecklonii Nylander (1860 a) 295, (1868) 51, (1869 a) 6.

on trees, Boschberg, MacOwan (S.A. M. 46979, 46980) ; Noordhoek, Cape Peninsula, Barnard (S.A. M. 46924) ; Durban, Armstrong ; on rocks, Steenberg, Krauss ; on bark, near Swellendam, Krauss.

Var. membranacea (Laur.) Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 186 ; van der Byl (1931) 14, (1935 a) 13 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 255, Cat. Lich. VI : 529.

Ramalina membranacea Laur., von Flotow (1843) 26 ; Krauss (1846) 201.

on branches, Karkloof, Rehmann ; in trunk of Acacia mollissima Willd:, Howick, v. d. Byl 205 (det. Vain.) ; Swellendam, Krauss; on branches of Canthium sp., Brenton, Knysna, v. d. Byl 693.

Var. tenuissima ( Mey. & Flotow) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 529.

as Ramalina yemensis f. tenuissima Müll.-Arg., van der Byl (1931) 14, (1935 a) 13.

on bark, The Wilderness, v. d. Byl 289.

332

Siphula ceratites (Sommerf.) Fr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 255, Cat. Lich. VI : 613.

on rocks, Ceres, Leslie (v. d. Byl 615).

Siphula decumbens Nyl.

van der Byl (1931) 14 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 614.

amongst moss, Table Mt., Eyles (v. d. Byl 401, det. Vain.).

Siphula dregei (? author)

Drege (1843) 84 ; ? nom. nud., not mentioned in Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich.

in the kranz near the waterfall, Simonsberg, Drège.

Siphula incrustans Vain.

Vainio (1926) 33 ; van der Byl (1931) 14 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 581. on rock, Stellenbosch, v. d. Byl 349.

Siphula minor Vain.

van der Byl (1931) 14, ? nom. nud.

on rock, Ceres, Leslie (v. d. Byl 449, det. Vain.).

Siphula tabularis (Thunb.) Nyl.

Nylander (1857) 98, (1860 a) 263 ; Massalongo (1861) 74 ; Crombie (1876 a) 166 ; Müll.-Arg. (1888) 130 ; Hue (1890) 244 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 95 ; van der Byl (1931) 14 ; Garside (1929) 60 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 617.

Lichen verrucosus Linn. f. (1781) 451 (“Thunb.” non Linn.) ; Lamarck (1789) 505.

Lichen verruciger Gmelin (1791) 1377.

Lichen tabularis Thunberg apud Acharius (1798) 90 ; Thunberg (1800) 176, (1823) 743.

Isidium tabulare Acharius (1798) 90 ; Thunberg, 1.c.

Stereocaulon tabulare Acharius (1803) 316, (1810) 583, (1814) 286 ; Sprengel (1827) 275 ; Drège (1843) 82 ; Juel (1918) 51.

Dufourea plumbea Taylor (1847) 184.

on stones, top of Table Mt., side facing town, Thunberg ; on stones, often wet with streams, top of Table Mt., Ecklon, Zeyher, Jelinek, Pappe 19 (S.A.M.. 46883) ; on ground, near top of Table Mt., Eaton, du Toits Kloof, Drège ; Bushman's country, Zeyher (Herb. Hook.) ; on sandstone, Ceres, v. d. Byl ; on rocks in stream beds, Farmer Pecks Valley, Muizenberg, Garside ; summit of Table Mt., Pillans 4211 ; saddle between Devil's Peak and Table Mt., Pillans 3252 ; head of Kasteel's Poort, Table Mt., Pillans 3550 ; between Wynberg upper reservoir and Disa Gorge, Pillans 3969 ; middle part of Silvermine Valley, Pillans 3831 ; plateau in the Muizenberg, Pillans 3168 ; west of Paulsberg, Pillans ; summit of Noordhoek Mts., Pillans ; Diepgat Kloof, above Somerset West, Pillans 4842 ; near waterfall on Swartberg, near Swellendam, MacOwan.

Siphula torulosa Nyl.

Nylander (1857) 98, (1859) 236, (1860 a) 263 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 96 ; Hue (1890) 244, (1899) 30.

Lichen torulosus Thunberg apud Acharius (1798) 100 ; Thunberg (1800) 177, (1823) 743.

Parmelia tortuosa Acharius (1803) 184 ; Juel (1918) 51.

Stereocaulon pulvinatum Acharius (1810) 584, (1814) 286 ; Drège (1843) 82, 85, 116.

on rocks in mountain, Cape of Good Hope, Thunberg ; du Toits Kloof, Drège ; Paarlberg, Drège ; Gnadenthall, Drège.

333

Usnea acanthera Vain.

apud Motyka (1937) 358.

Crocodile River, Bechuanaland, Klingsberg (Stockholm).

Usnea aequatoriana Motyka.

Motyka (1937) 476.

in forest, Karkloof, Rehmann.

Usnea africana Motyka

Motyka (1937) 398.

near Lydenburg, Wilms (Lojka Lichenoth. Univ. 58).

Usnea amplissima Stirt.

Stirton (1881) 106 ; Motyka (1937) 377 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 534. Usnea arthroclada Fée subsp. arthrocladodes Wainio (1901) 397 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 537.

on trees, near Somerset East, MacOwan, Type ; near Koningkroon, Elliot Distr., Hoeg ; near Enon, Drège ; Baziya, Baur ; Kaffraria, Cooper ; Gouritz Rivier, Breutel ; in indigenous forest, near Woodbush, Rehmann ; Chimanimani Mts., Melsetter Dist., Swynnerton.

Usnea articulata (Linn.) Hoffm.

Stizenberger (1890 & 1895) no. 228 ; Stirton (1877) 212 ; J. Müller-Arg. (1893 a) 509 ; Steiner (1907) 638 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 537.

Lichen divaricatus Thunberg (1800) 180, (1823) 750.

Usnea barbata var. articulata Ach., Nylander (1869 a) 6 ; Juel (1918) 49.

on branches of trees, Cape, Thunberg, Masson ; Pondoland, Bachmann ; Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 990 pr. p., Durban, Armstrong ; on rocks, top of Table Mt., MacOwan (Herb. Kalchbr.).

Motyka (1936) states that this species occurs only in Europe and the Mediterranean region; Usnea praelonga Stirt. and U. flexilis Stirt. are the only two species of his section Articulatae said to occur in South Africa ; several other species are known in tropical Africa.

f. minor Krempelh.

Steiner (1907) 638 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 540.

on bark, Stellenbosch, Duthie 1 pr. p.

Usnea australis Fr.

von Flotow (1843) 27 ; Krauss (1846) 202 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 541.

(?) Usnea barbata var. australis Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1893 a) 509.

Usnea barbata var. florida f. australis Wainio (1901) 396.

(?) Usnea florida var. australis Stizenberger (1895) no. 222.

on branches of trees, Pondoland, Bachmann ; summit of Serra da Xella Mts., Welwitsch 21 pr. p., on old trees, near Constantia, Krauss.

According to Motyka (1937) 536, U. australis occurs in Hawaii and possibly in southern California ; European specimens and those from other localities recorded by Wainio do not seem to belong here.

Usnea capensis Motyka

Motyka (1937) 321.

Taaiboschkrantz, Rehmann ; Woodbush, Rehmann ; on rocks, Kaapsche Hoop, Hoeg.

334

Usnea cartilaginea Laur.

Motyka (1937) 493.

Table Mt., Drège ; on Acacia sp., about 6 mis. west of Heidelberg, Cape,

Hoeg ; Heidelberg commonage, Hoeg ; on rocks, valley of Bloukrantz Riv., Hoeg ; on sandstone rocks, Dordrecht Distr., Hoeg ; on branches of indigenous trees, “The Aloes”, Kirstenbosch, Garside ; near Karkloof Rehmann ; near Lydenburg, Wilms ; in indigenous forest above Woodbush village, Rehmann ; on trees near river, Harrismith, Hoeg.

Usnea comosa (Ach.) Röhl.

Motyka (1936) 264.

Usnea barbata (Linn.) Ach.* Usnea fiorida var. comosa Wainio (1901) 396.

Usnea florida var. comosa Biroli, Steiner (1907) 637 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 571.

on tree trunks, Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 988 ; summit of Serra da Xella Mts., Welwitsch 21 pr. p. ; Woodbush, v. d. Byl 505 (det. Vain.).

Motyka, l.c., says that U. comosa occurs mostly on Piceae in northern and subalpine regions of Europe ; it is known in North America, but not in the southern hemisphere.

Usnea contorta Jatta

Motyka (1937) 414 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI 549.

on trees near Grahamstown, Hoeg ; Gouritz Rivier, Breutel.

Usnea cornuta Körb.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 231 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 549.

on trunks of trees, Orange Free State, Rehmann.

Usnea dasypoga (Ach.) Röhl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 225 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 550, VIII : 578 ; Motyka (1936) 193.

(?) Lichen barbatus Linn., Thunberg (1800) 180, (1823) 750.

(?) as Usnea barbata (Linn.) Fr., Juel (1918) 49.

Cape of Good Hope, Rehmann, (?) Thunberg.

Motyka, l.c., states that U. dasypoga is widely distributed in the mountains of Europe, usually densely clothing branches of Piceae, less frequently in other trees. There is one record of its occurrence in California, but none in the southern hemisphere. No South African collection is assigned by him to this species or its varieties.

Usnea dasypogoides Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 226 ; Motyka (1937) 464.

Usnea dasypoga var. plicata Cromb. f. dasypogoides Hue, Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 561.

on branches, Table Mt., Wilms.

Motyka, l.c., does not record this species from Africa.

Usnea delicata Vain.

Vainio (1926) 1 ; van der Byl (1931) 4 ; Motyka (1937) 435 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 578.

on tree trunk, Onrust, v. d. Byl 128, Type ; Table Mt., Rehmann, Wilms ; on shrubs, Witsand, Wynberg, Hckeg; near Grahamstown, Britten, (Hoeg) ; on Eucalyptus sp. near Town Bush, Hoeg ; Mquatsheni, near Burnera, Hoeg ; Karkloof, Rehmann ; on trees, neat Lydenburg, Wilms ; on Acacia, ca. 6 mis. from Heidelberg, Cape, Hoeg.

335

Usnea densirostra Tayl.

Steiner (1907) 638 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 563 ; Motyka (1937) 316. Usnea ceratina Ach., Stirton (1877) 212 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 230 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 544.

Usnea barbata f. ceratina Ach., Nylander (1869 a) 6.

on rocks, Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 989 ; without locality, Ecklon, Zeyher, Wilms, Rehmann ; Durban, Armstrong.

According to Motyka, l.c., this a South American species ; it has often been confused with U. pulvinata.

Usnea diffracta Vain.

Motyka (1937) 389 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 563.

Usnea dasypoga var. plicata f. annulata Hue, Steiner (1907) 638.

on bark, Mt. Mamoutsuiri, Junod 990 pr. p.

According to Motyka, l.c., this lichen is frequent in Japan, Korea and Formosa ; it is not known elsewhere.

Usnea distensa Stirt.

Stirton (1882) 104 ; Motyka (1937) 376 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 563,

Diamond Fields, near Kimberley, Shaw, Type ; Enon, Drège ; near Koningskroon, Elliott Distr., Hoeg ; on trees, Heidelberg, Cape, Hoeg ; near Kruis Rivier, north of Heidelberg, Hoeg ; on Acacia sp., near Heidelberg, Hoeg ; on Querens Robur Linn., Blauwkrantz, Knysna, Hoeg ; (?) Grahamstown, Hoeg ; in indigenous forest, near Woodbush, Rehmann ; Kaffraria, Cooper ; on trees, Zimbabwe, Hoeg ; Chirinda Forest, Swynnerton.

Usnea flaccida (Müll.-Arg.) Motyka

Motyka (1937) 475.

Usnea angulata var. flaccida Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1890) 337 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 535 (excl. synonyms).

on hills above Maritzburg, Rehmann.

Usnea flexilis Stirt.

Stirton (1881) 106 ; Motyka (1936) 126 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 564.

in bush, Karkloof, Rehmann ; Drakensberg, Rehmann ; in hills near Maritzburg, Rehmann ; “Diamond Fields”, Shaw.

Usnea florida Wigg.

Drege (1843) 85, 89, 95, 132, 138 ; Crombie (1876 a) 166 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 222 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 564 ; Motyka (1936) 242.

Usnea barbata f. florida (Linn.) Fr., Nylander (1869 a) 6.

on tree trunks and branches and on rocks, South Africa, without locality ; MacOwan 801 (Herb. Kalchbr) ; on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Drège ; Durban, Armstrong ; Paarlberg, Drège ; Uitkomst, Drège ; Devils Peak (S.A. M. 46859) ; Uitenhage (S.A. M. 46860) ; Samteesvlakte, Drège ; near Klein and Groot Vischrivier, Drège.

Motyka, l.c., states that U. florida is frequent in central and north-west Europe ; a few specimens have been seen from North America, none from the southern hemisphere.

Var. asperrima Müll.-Arg.

Stizenberger (1895) no. 222.

on branches of trees, Natal.

336

Var. scabrosa Wain.

Zahibruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 572.

Usnea barbata var. scabrosa (Ach.) Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1893 a) 509. Usnea ceratina var. scabrosa Ach., Stizenberger (1895) no. 230.

on branches, Pondoland, Bachmann.

Usnea flotowii Zahlbr. var. subhispida Zahlbr.

Zahibruckner (1926 b) 541, Cat. Lich. VI : 575.

on bark, Skeleton Ravine, Table Mt., Brunnthaler.

Usnea fusca Motyka

Motyka (1937) 473.

on branches of native trees, “The Aloes”, Kirstenbosch, Garside ; Lydenburg, Wilms ; Mquatsheni near Burnera, Hoeg ; near cataract in a remote place, Impendhle Distr., Hoeg.

Usnea gonioides Stirt.

Stirton (1881) 108 ; Motyka (1937) 396.

Usnea angulata Ach. f. gonioides Hue (1899) 45 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 535.

on branches of native trees, “The Aloes”, Kirstenbosch, Garside ; Cape, Bolus ; Adelaide, Brugton ; Gouritz Rivier, Breutel ; Karkloof, Rehmann ; near Lydenburg, Wilms ; in indigenous forest, Woodbush, Rehmann.

Usnea havaasii Motyka

Motyka (1937) 450.

Trappist Mission, Mariannhill, Lindauer.

Usnea hirta (Linn.) Wigg.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 223 ; Zahibruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 576.

South Africa, Drège, Krauss, Wawra, MacOwan, McLea, Wilms.

According to Motyka (1936-7), U. hirta is a common species in Europe and seems to be present in America, but it is not known elsewhere.

Usnea hispidula (Müll.-Arg.) Zahlbr.

Zahibruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 581 ; Motyka (1937) 488.

on trunk of trees, Umbovana, Zululand, Brylin.

Usnea horridula (Müll.-Arg.) Motyka

Motyka (1937) 334.

Usnea longissima Ach. var. horridula Müll.-Arg., J. Müller Arg. (1891) 372 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 586, VIII : 580.

Usnea hirta var. horridula (Müll.-Arg.) Stizenberger (1893) no. 233.

Mooi River, Natal ; Helpmekaar, Woodbush, Eastwood ; Port Natal, Plant.

Usnea implicita (Stirt.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 582 ; Motyka (1936) 60.

Eumitra implicita Stirton (1881) 100.

on stones and on branches, Pondoland, Bachmann ; Great Escarpment, near Kaapsche. Hoop, Hoeg ; Solheim M.S., near Eshowe, Hoeg ; Blauwkrantz Valley, Hoeg.

337

Usnea intercalaris Krempelh.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 229 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 582.

on bark, Cape.

Usnea laevis (Eschw.) Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 236 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 583.

Zululand, Schloemann.

Usnea leprosa Motyka

Motyka (1936) 106.

on trees and shrubs undet., Mazoe, Ryles ; Zimbabwe, Hoeg ; Helpmekaar, Woodbush, Wilms ; near Lydenburg, Wilms ; Krugerspost, Wilms ; Karkloof, Rehmann ; Koningskroon, Elliott Distr., Hoeg ; Howieson's Poort, Hoeg ; Witsand, Wynberg, Hoeg ; “The Aloes”, Kirstenbosch, Garside ; on Acacia sp., 6 mis. west of Heidelberg, Cape, Hoeg ; on Eucalyptus sp., Town Bush, Hoeg ; on old trunks of Euphorbia sp., Kingwilliamstown ; on Syringa, Camperdown, Hoeg ; on trunks of Tarchonanthus and Xerapetalis spp., summit of Serra da Xella, Welwitsch.

Usnea longissima Ach.

Drège (1843) 133, 146 ; Crombie (1876 a) 166 ; Stizenberger (1890 & 1895) no. 233 ; J. Müller-Arg. (1893 a) 509 ; Gepp (1911) 244 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 583.

on bark of trees, Cape, Breutel ; Table Mt., Eaton, on branches, Pondoland, Bachmann ; Olyfhoutskloof, Drège ; , between “Gekau” and “Basche”, Drège ; Chirinda Forest, Swynnerton 430 ; Chimanimani Mts., Swynnerton 617 ; Madanda Forest, Swynnerton 801, 1804 ; Humansdorp, Woodcock (S.A.M. 46926).

Motyka (1937) 423-432, does not record this species from South Africa, only from the northern hemisphere. It closely resembles Usnea pectinata and U. trichodeoides.

Usnea maculata Stirt.

Stirton (1882) 293 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 586 ; Motyka (1937) 337. Usnea rubiginea Massalongo (1861) 45.

on trees, Somerset East, MacOwan & McLea (Zwackh. Lich. no. 820 ; Brit. Mus.) ; Table Mt., MacOwan, Rehmann, Jelinek, Wilms ; in Acacia sp., on the Cape Flats, Rehmann ; on Acacia sp., near Heidelberg, Cape, Hoeg.

on rocks, Bain's Kloof, Wawra ; Cape Town, Marloth ; on sandstone, Kloof, Dordrecht, Hoeg ; Drakensberg, Rehmann ; Mquatsheni Valley, Hoeg ; near Kaapsche Hoop, Hoeg ; Hashlosa Mt., near Ennersdale, Hoeg.

Usnea malacea Zahlbr. var. subelegans Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 587.

Usnea forida Wigg. var. subelegans Vainio (1901) 396.

on branches of trees, summit of Serra da Xella, Welwitsch 21 pr. p.

Usnea moniliformis Motyka

Motyka (1937) 447.

on trees, on hills above Maritzburg, Rehmann ; in indigenous forest, Woodbush, Rehmann ; on Podocarpus elongatus L'Hérit., Cape, Schott.

338

Usnea molliuscula Stirt.

Stirton (1883) 77 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI 587 ; Motyka (1937) 541,

on trunks and branches of trees, Table Mt., Rehmann, Wilms, MacOwan ; Inaccessible Gorge, Table Mt., Pillans ; Hottentot’s Holland Mts., (Zwackh. Lich. no. 819) ; lower slopes of Mountains, Banhoek, Garside 4127 ; Heidelberg, Cape, Hoeg ; Grahamstown, Britten (Hoeg) ; Pondoland, Bachmann ; near Solheim M. S., Eshowe, Hoeg ; near Burnera, Hoeg ; Upper Umkomaas, Hoeg ;. Zimbabwe, Hoeg ; Woodbush, Rehmann ; on Quercus robur Linn., Blauwkrantz, Knysna, Hoeg.

Usnea mutabilis Stirt.

Stirton (1881) 107 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 588 ; Motyka (1937) 364.

on shrubs, Woodbury, Alexandria Distr., Hoeg.

Usnea ochrophora (Stizenb.) Motyka

Motyka (1936) 254.

Usnea florida var. ochrophora Stizenb. in Herb. Acad. Polytechn., Zurich.

on branches of trees and shrubs, Table Mt., MacOwan, Wilms ; Soldaten Bosch, western slopes of Table Mt., Pillans ; Brackels Kloof, Stellenbosch, Garside ; “The Aloes”, Kirstenbosch, Garside.

Usnea perspinosa Motyka

Motyka (1937) 533.

on trees, Zimbabwe, Hoeg ; Lourenço Marques, Quintas.

Usnea picta (Steiner) Motyka

Motyka (1937) 325.

Usnea ceratina Ach. var. picta Steiner (1897) 210 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 547.

on shrubs, Woodbury, Alexandria Distr., Hoeg.

Usnea plicata (Linn.) Wigg.

Stizenberger. (1890) no. 227.

Usnea dasypoga Röhl. var. plicata Crombie, Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 557.

on branches, Transvaal, Rehmann.

Motyka (1936) 231, states that Usnea plicata is a very rare species, known only in Europe.

Usnear poliotrix Krempelh.

Motyka (1937) 311.

sub Usnea baileyi Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 542.

in Eucalyptus plantation, near Town Bush, Hoeg.

Usnea praelonga Stirt.

Stirton (1881) 107 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 589 ; Motyka (1936) 1 12, without locality, McLea (Brit. Mus.) Type ; beneath steep krantz, Mquatsheni Distr., Hoeg.

Usnea primitiva Motyka

on Podocarpus sp., Tulbagh Valley, Barnard (S.A. M. 46440).

339

Usnea promontorii Motyka

Motyka (1937) 386.

on shrubs and trees in indigenous forest, Cape, Rehmann ; nr. Bezuidenhouts Rivier, Uitenhage Distr., Hoeg ; towards Kruis Rivier, Heidelberg, Cape, Hoeg ; in forest, Knysna, Rehmann ; Claskoon, Zitzikamma ; lower slopes of Table Mt., Pillans ; in branches of native trees, “The Aloes”, Kirstenbosch,

Garside ;Mquatsheni, Polela Distr., Hoeg ; Drakensberg, Rehmann ; steep krantz near Burnera, Impendhle Distr., Hoeg ; on trees, Zimbabwe, Hoeg.

Usnea pulverulenta ( Müll.-Arg.) Motyka

Motyka (1936) 107.

Usnea florida var. pulverulenta Müll.-Arg., Stizenberger (1890) 145, no. 222 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lick VI : 572.

on branches, Transvaal, Rehmann.

Usnea pulvinata Fr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 590 ; Motyka (1937) 319.

Usnea florida var. densirostra Stizenberger (1890) 145, no. 222.

Usnea transvaalensis Vainio (1926) 1 ; van der Byl (1931) 14 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 581.

on rocks, summit of Table Mt., and Hottentot's Holland Mts., MacOwan (Zwackh. Lich. 819, 820) ; Devils Peak, MacOwan ; Rietvlei, Elliott Distr., Hoeg ; Genadendal ; west of Simonstown, Pillans ; Bain's Kloof, Wawra ; near Riet Vlei, Aliwal North, Hoeg ; Viljoen's Pass, Elgin, Garside ; Maseru, Schroeter ; Pondoland, Mt. Hoshlosa nr. Ennersdale, Hoeg ; upper Umkomaas, Impendhle Distr., Hoeg ; Barberton, Thorncroft (v. d. Byl 229) ; near Lydenburg, Wilms ; Kaapsche Hoop, Hoeg ; Zambesia, Kirk ; Natal, Baines ; in indigenous forest above Woodbush village, Rehmann.

Usnea rubescens Stirt. var. rubrotincta (Stirt.) Motyka

Motyka (1937) 348.

Usnea rubrotincta Stirton (1881) 103 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 222, nota ; Zahlbruckuner, Cat. Lich. VI : 591.

on trees, Transvaal, Wilms ; Gouritzrivier, Breutel ; Mquatsheni, Hoeg ; in Eucalyptus plantation, Town Bush, Hoeg ; in bush, Karkloof, Rehmann ; Grahamstown, Hoeg ; nr. Kruis Rivier, north of Heidelberg, Cape, Hoeg ; on Acacia sp., 6 mis. west of Heidelberg, Cape, Hoeg ; east of Bezuidenhouts Rivier, Uitenhage Distr., Hoeg ; lower slopes of Banhoek Valley, Garside ; Woodbury, Alexandria Distr., Hoeg.

Usnea rubicunda Stirt.

Stirton (1881) 102 ; Motyka (1937) 339 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 590.

Usnea florida var. rubiginea Michx., Stizenberger (1890) no. 222, nota ; Hillman (1929) 289.

? Usnea rubiginea Massalongo (1861) 45 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 590. South Africa, without locality ; ? Cape, Wawra.

Usnea sorediosula (Müll.-Arg.) Motyka

Motyka (1937) 330.

on solitary trees of Erythrina sp.; between Inyezana River and Mtunzini, Eshowe Distr., Hoeg.

340

Usnea spilota Stirt.

Motyka (1937) 333 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 592.

on Acacia sp., near Heidelberg, Cape, Hoeg ; on trees, Cape, without locality, Breutel ; Humansdorp Distr., on border of Knysna Distr., Hoeg.

Usnea steineri Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 225 ; Cat. Lich. VI : 592 ; van der Byl (1931) 14.

on branches of Canthium sp., Brenton, Knysna, v. d. Byl 690 ; on tree trunk, Stellenbosch, Slabbert (v. d. Byl 705).

Usnea strigosa (Ach.) Eaton

Motyka (1937) 359.

Usnea florida var. strigosa Ach., Stizenberger (1890) no. 222 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 573.

on bark, Transvaal, Rehmann ; Table Mt., Wilms.

Motyka, l.c., states that this species is only known to occur in Southern California, Mexico and places in the south-eastern part of North America with a rather high altitude.

Usnea strigosella Steiner

Steiner (1907) 637 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 592 ; Motyka (1937) 516.

on branches, Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 990 (Herb. Barbey Boissier) ; Table Mt. Eaton ; on trunks of indigenous trees, lower slopes of Banhoek, Garside ; on Acacia sp., near Heidelberg, Cape, Hoeg ; Adelaide, Krugon ; on shrubs and trees near road between Walmer and Schoenmakers Kop, Hoeg ; on shrubs near town, Woodbury, Hoeg ; Gouritzrivier, Breutel ; Kaffraria, Adamson ; Appelsbosch, Great Noodsberg, Ljungquist ; Mquatsheni, Hoeg ; on trunk of “Saphron “ tree, Umbovana, Zululand, Brylin ; Helpmekaar, Woodbush, Eastwood ; Lydenburg, Wilms.

Usnea sublurida Stirt.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 593 ; Motyka (1937) 349.

on indigenous trees, “The Aloes”, Kirstenbosch, Garside.

Usnea submusciformis Vain.

van der Byl (1931) 14, ? nom. nud.

Matopos, Bytes 560, 1148 (v. d. Byl 560).

Usnea sulcata Motyka

Motyka (1937) 478.

Usnea angulata Ach., Stizenberger (1890 & 1895) no. 237 ; J. Müller-Arg.

(1893 a) 509 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 534.

on trees and shrubs, south of Woodbury, Hoeg ; south of Bushman River, Hoeg ; Gouritz Rivier, Breutel ; Pondoland, Bachmann ; Natal, Rehmann ; Transvaal, Rehmann, Wilms ; Cape, Ecklon ; near Lydenburg, Wilms (Lichenoth. univ. 48 ; S.A. M. 47015) ,

Usnea trichina Motyka

Motyka (1937) 391.

Usnea gracilis var. subplicata Vain., Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 576.

on trunk of tree, Umbovana, Zululand, Brylin.

341

Usnea trichodeoides Vain. emend. Motyka

Motyka (1937) 421.

Usnea trichodea Ach., Stizenberger (1890) no. 234 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 a) 543, Cat. Lich. VI : 595.

on trees and small shrubs, Bezuidenhouts River Valley, Uitenhage Distr., Hoeg ; Gouritz Rivier, Breutel ; Port Elizabeth ; Madanda Forest, Melsetter Distr., Swynnerton ; on the borders of Kaffraria, Drège ; near Guru, (?) Cape ; Enon ; Clyfhoutkloof, Drège ; on Strychnos sp., in indigenous forest, Olifantshoek near Alexandria, Nightingale ; on Podocarpus sp., van Reenen's Pass, Brunnthaler ; without locality, Wawa, Schott, Wilms ; on trees and small shrubs,

Bezuidenhouts River Valley, Hoeg ; Gouritz River, Breutel.

Usnea undulata Stirt.

Stirton (1881) 104 ; Motyka (1937) 547.

Usnea foveolata Stirton (1883) 77 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 575.

Usnea barbata var. farinosa Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1891) 373.

Usnea florida var. farinosa (Müll.-Arg.) Stizenberger (1893) no. 222.

Usnea farinosa Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 564.

Usnea steineri var. tincta f. sorediosa Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 541, Cat. Lich. VI : 592.

on Acacia sp., Port Alfred, Hoeg ; near Heidelberg, Cape, Hoeg ; on Eucalyptus sp., Town Bush, Hoeg ; on Syringa, Camperdown, Hoeg ; on trees and shrubs undet., Huilla, Newton ; Cape, Rehmann ; Witsand, Hoeg ; near Koningskroon, Elliott Distr., Hoeg ; Howieson's Poort and Grahamstown, Hoeg; near East London, Hoeg ; Dunbrody Mission, Uitenhage, Hoeg ; near Solheim M.S., Eshowe, Hoeg ; Mquatsheni, Hoeg ; Burnera, Impendhle; Distr., Hoeg ; Karkloof, Rehmann ; Masiti Mt., Basutoland, Herwitt Lydenburg, Wilms ; Zimbabwe,

Hoeg ; near Kimberley, Shaw (Brit. Mus.).

Usnea sp.

J. Phillips (1929) 101.

on crowns of Podocarpus spp., Apodytes dimidiata E. Mey., Canthium sp., and Ocotea bullata E. Mey., Knysna, J. Phillips.

CALOPLACACEAE

Blastenia acaciae (Vain.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 582.

Placodium acaciae Vainio (1926) 10 ; van der Byl (1931) 15.

on bark of Acacia mollissima Willd., near Maritzburg, v. d. Byl 226, Type.

Blastenia aspicilioidea Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 174.

on shale rock, Muwe, Namaqualand, v. d. Byl 1163, Type.

Blastenia brunnthaleri Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 256.

on granite rocks, Table Mt., towards Camps Bay, Brunnthaler, Type.

342

Blastenia confluens Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1888) 46 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 27.

Lecanora confluens Stizenberger (1890) 207, no. 631.

Lecidea confluens Hue (1914) 11, non Ach.

on quartzite rocks at top of mountain, Nautilus Point, Angra Pequena, Schinz, Type.

Blastenia imponens (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 32.

Lecanora imponens Stizenberger (1890) 207, no. 632.

Lecidea imponens Hue (1914) 14.

on rocks, Orange Free State, Rehmann, Type.

Blastenia laingsburgensis Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 174.

on shale rock, Laingsburg, v. d. Byl 1089, Type.

Blastenia leptospora Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 543 ; Cat. Lich. VII : 33.

on limestone, near Windhoek, Fincke, Type.

Blastenia ochracea Trevis. var. parvula (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 48.

Lecanora ochracea (Schaer.) Nyl. var. parvula Stizenberger (1890) 200, no. 580.

on basalt rocks, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Blastenia poliotera (Nyl.) Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1880) 36, (1893) 298 ; Schinz (1905) 395; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 39.

Lecanora poliotera Nyl., Stizenberger (1895) no. 594.

Caloplaca poliotera Steiner (1897) 219.

Placodium polioterum Vainio (1901) 408.

on rocks, Mt., Kanduliri, Zambesi Region, Menyharth.

Blastenia praemicans (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 40.

Lecanora praemicans Nyl. apud Crombie (1876 a) 172, (1876 b) 20 ; Hue (1891) 52 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 584.

Placodium ferrugineum var. mineaceum Tuck. (1877) 171.

Lecidea praemicans Hue (1914) 17.

on bark, Table Mt., Eaton ; near Camps Bay, MacOwan.

Blastenia psorothecioides (Vain.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 583.

Placodium psorothecioides Vainio (1926) 9 ; van der Byl (1931) 15.

On bark of Ochna sp., near Keurboom, v. d. Byl 281, Type.

Blastenia punicae (Vain.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 583.

Placodium punicae Vainio (1926) 8 ; van der Byl (1931) 15.

on bark of Punica granatum Linn., near Hopefeld, v. d. Byl 392, Type.

343

Blastenia punicea Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1888) 45 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 40.

Lecanora subpunicea Stizenberger (1890) 201, no. 590.

Caloplaca punicea Jatta (1910) 202.

Lecidea punicea Hue (1914) 18.

on quartzite rocks at top of mountain, Nautilus Point, Angra Pequena, Schinz, Type.

Blastenia seductrix (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 40 (as Bl. sedutrix).

Lecanora seductrix Stizenberger (1890) 207, no. 633.

on sandstone rocks, summit of Lions Head, MacOwan, Type.

Blastenia subsalicina Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 257.

on branches of shrubs, near Glencairn, v. d. Byl 983, Type.

Blastenia testaceorufa (Vain.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 43, VIII : 583.

Placodium testaceorufum Vainio (1926) 10 ; van der Byl (1931) 15.

on bark of Acacia mollissima Willd., near Maritzburg, v. d. Byl 227, Type.

Blastenia vasquesia Massal.

Massalongo (1861) 72; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 44.

Lecanora vascesia Stizenberger (1890) 202, no. 591.

Lecidea vasquesia Hue (1914) 20.

on volcanic rocks, Cape, Wawra.

Bombyliospora aureola (Tuck.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 49.

Lecidea aureola Tuck.; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1028.

Lecanora aureola Stirton (1877) 216.

on bark, South Africa, without locality, MacOwan.

Bombyliospora domingensis (Pers.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 51 ; van der Byl (1931) 15.

Lecanora domingensis Ach., Drège (1843) 151 ; Nylander (1869 a) 7 ; Stirton (1877) 216.

Lecidea domingensis Nyl., Stizenberger (1891 & 1895) no. 1026.

Placodium domingense Vain. in Herb. van der Byl.

on bark of trees undet., ? Boschberg, MacOwan 515, 44 ; Durban, Armstrong ; Stella Bush, v. d. Byl 62, 67 (det. A. L. Sin.), v. d. Byl 116 (det. Merrill) ; on Gardenia globosa Hochst., Winkle Spruit, v. d. Byl 50 (det. A. L. Sm.) ; on Trichilia emetica Vahl, Woodbush, v. d. Byl 480, 483 (det. Vain.) ; ‘Omsamwubo’, near river, Drège.

Var. colorata Vain.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 52 ; van der Byl (1931) 15.

on trunk of tree undet., Stella Bush, v. d. Byl 180 (det. Vain.) ; on trunk of Celtis kraussiana Bernh., Durban, v. d. Byl 196 (det. Vain.).

Var. flavocrocea Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 52.

Lecidea flavocrocea Nyl., Stizenberger (1891) no. 1027.

344

Lecanora flavocrocea Nylander (1869 a) 7 ; Hue (1891) 53.

Bombyliospora flavocrocea Massalongo (1860) 262.

on trunks of trees, Cape of Good Hope.

Var. glaucotropa Vain.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. 52 ; van der Byl (1931) 15.

on tree trunk, Eshowe, v. d. Byl 188 (det. Vain.).

Var. inexplicata Malme

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 52.

Lecidea domingensis var. inexplicata Nyl., Stizenberger (1895) no 1026.

on bark, South Africa.

Var. inspersa Steiner

Steiner (1907) 645 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VI : 52.

on bark, Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 995.

Bombyliospora flavidula (Tuck.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 53, VIII : 584.

as Bombyliospora domingensis var. flavidula, van der Byl (1931) 15.

Placodium flavidulum Vainio (1926) 9.

on tree trunk, Stella Bush, v. d. Byl 107.

Bombyliospora incana A. L. Sm.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 53.

Lecidea pachycarpa Fr., Nylander (1869 a) 10 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1020.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

Bombyliospora leprolyta (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 54.

Patellaria leprolyta Mull. Arg., J. Muller-Arg. (1893 b) 298.

near Boroma, Lower Zambesi, Menyharth 264.

Bombyliospora tuberculosa (Fée) Massal.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 56.

Lecidea tuberculosa Fée, Stizenberger (1891) no. 1021 ; Nylander (1869 a) 11.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

f. geotropa (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 56.

Lecidea tuberculosa f. geotropa Stizenberger (1891) no. 1021.

on dry ground, Table Mt., Jelinek.

Bombyliospora zuluensis Vain.

Vainio (1926) 18 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 584 ; van der Byl (1931) 15.

on bark of Thespesia sp., near Eshowe, v. d. Byl 184, Type.

Caloplaca amphidoxa (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 65.

Lecanora amphidoxa Stizenberger (1890) 200, no. 585.

on bark of pomiferous trees, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

345

Caloplaca aurantiaca Th. Fr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich: VII : 69.

Lecanora aurantiaca Flotow, Drège (1843) 134.

Lecidea aurantiaca Ach., Drège (1843) 80.

on trees and rocks, Hoffmans Kloof, Drège ; du Toits Kloof, Drège ; Paarlberg, Drège.

f. fulva Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 75.

Lecanora aurantiaca Flotow var. fulva Nylander (1869 a) 7 ; Stizenberger (1890) 198, no. 574 ; Hue (1891) 49.

on trunks, Durban, Armstrong.

Caloplaca benguellensis (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 79.

Lecanora benguellensis Nylander (1868) 511 ; Hue (1891) 50 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 614.

Placodium ferrugineum (Huds.) Hepp var. benguellensis Wainio (1901) 408. Placodium benguellense Wainio (1915) 53.

on perpendicular, schistose rocks, between Maiombo and Pomangala, in Serra de Caximba, Welwitsch 17 pr. p., 485 pr. p.

Caloplaca capensis (Massal.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 84.

Callopisma capensis Massalongo (1861) 59.

on rocks, Cape, Wawra.

Caloplaca calviniana Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 262.

on schistose rocks, near Calvinia, v. d. Byl 769, Type.

Caloplaca cardinalis Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 267.

on sandstone rocks, Steinkopf Mt., Namaqualand, Meyer (v. d. Byl 955) Type.

Caloplaca carphinea Jatta var. scoriophila Steiner

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 223.

Placodium scoriophilum Massalongo (1861) 55.

Lecanora scoriophila Stizenberger (1890) 194, no. 539.

on volcanic rocks, Cape, Wawra.

Caloplaca cataschista Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 176.

on quartzite, near Upington, v. d. Byl 1155, Type.

Caloplaca cerina (Ach.) Th. Fr.

van der Byl (1931) 15 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 84.

on tree trunk, Bot. Gard., Durban, v. d. Byl 113 (det. Merrill).

346

Caloplaea cinnabarina (Ach.) Zahlbr.

van der Byl (1931) 15 ; Zahlbruckner, (1932) 265, Cat. Lich. VII : 101. Lecanora cinnabarina Ach., Drège (1843) 50, 75 ; Nylander (1868) 511, (1869 a) 7 ; Crombie (1876 a) 171 ; Stizenberger (1890 & 1895) no. 571.

Callopisma cinnabarium Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1893 a) 510, (1893 b) 297 ; Schinz (1905) 395.

Placodium cinnabarinum Nyl., Wainio (1901) 407, (1915) 45.

on rocks and stones, chiefly sandstone, but also on granite, Durban, Armstrong ; Kraairivier, Drège ; Piquetberg, Drège ; Table Mt., Eaton ; Table Mt., opposite Camps Bay, Brunnthaler ; Hanover, Cape, v. d. Merwe (v. d. Byl 436 pr. p.) ; Matjesfontein, Marloth 107 ; near Ceres, Leslie (v. d. Byl 622) ; Clanwilliam, v. d. Byl 773 ; Glencairn, v. d. Byl 978 ; Botany Bay, v. d. Byl 990 ; Calvinia, v. d. Byl 1132 ; Pondoland, Bachmann ; near Boroma, Menyharth 1, 210 ; Matopos, v. d. Byl 150 (det. Vain.) ; near Salisbury, Eyles (v. d. Byl 605, 631) ; between Maiombo and Cazimba, Welwitsch 14 ; near cataract, Ferrão da Solo, Welwitsch 484 pr. p. ; on high mountain, Morro de Lopollo, Welwitsch 53, 54 pr. p., 116 pr. p.

Var. opaca (Müll.-Arg.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 102.

Callopisma cinnabarinum var. opacum Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 297 ; Schinz (1905) 395.

Lecanora cinnabarina var. opaca Stizenberger (1895) no. 571.

near Boroma, Lower Zambesi, Menyharth 5, 1210.

Caloplaca cinnabariza (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 266, Cat. Lich. VII : 102.

Lecanora cinnabariza Nyl. apud Crombie (1876 a )172, (1876 b) 19; Stizenberger (1890) no. 572 ; Hue (1891) 48.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Type, Jelinek 305 ; on quartz rocks, Smitswinkel, v. d. Byl 997, 1000.

Caloplaca coccinella (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 108.

Lecanora coccinella Stizenberger (1890) 201, no. 589.

Lecidea coccinella Hue (1934) 10.

amongst other lichens, on crumbling granite rocks, Lions Head, MacOwan, Type.

Caloplaca conchiliata Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 264.

on non-calcareous rocks, near Matjesfontein, Brunnthaler, Type.

Caloplaca crocodes ( Massal.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 112, (1926 b) Pl. 8, f. 1-5.

Callopisma crocodes Massalongo (1861) 87.

on quartzite rocks, Cape, Ecklon.

Caloplaca delectans Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, (1932) 262.

on schistose rocks, Grootrivier, v. d. Byl 898, Type.

347

Caloplaca diploplaca Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 268 ; van der Byl (1931) 15.

on rocks, south-west Africa, Kriege (v. d. Byl 709) Type.

Var. gracilior Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, (1932) 269.

on quartz rocks, Haifischbucht, Fincke, Type ; on silicaceous stones, Rössing, near Swakopmund, Lebzetter.

Caloplaca discolorella Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 261 ; van der Byl (1931) 15.

on quartzite rocks, Knysna, v. d. Byl 683, Type ; on granite rocks, Salisbury, Eyles (v. d. Byl 584).

Caloplaca ecklonii ( Massal.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 c) pl. 7, f. 1-10, Cat. Lich. VII : 231.

Niopsora ecklonii Massalongo (1861) 85.

on trunks of trees, Cape, Ecklon.

Caloplaca effusa Merrill.

van der Byl (1931) 15, nom. nud.

on rock, Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 100 pr. p.

Caloplaca elegans (Link) Th. Fr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 231.

Placodium elegans DC., Wainio (1901) 407.

Amphiloma elegans Koerb., Schultze (1907) 705.

on scattered, calcareous stones, Serra de Montes Negros, Mossamedes, Welwitsch 43, 483 ; on rocks, Angra Pequena, in the Namib, Schultze 51 a ; Gordon’s Bay, Wells (v. d. Byl 961, det. A. L. Sm.) ; Riversdale, v. d. Byl 938 (det. A. L. Sm.).

Caloplaca elegantissima (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 238.

Lecanora elegantissima Nylander (1868) 510 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 544 ; Hue (1891) 46.

Amphiloma elegantissimum Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1888) 529.

Placodium elegantissimum Wainio (1901) 407.

on quartzite rocks, between Caroca and Cazimba, near Cabo Negro, Mossamedes, Welwitsch 45, 48 pr. p., 49 pr. p. ; near Obib, Orange River, Schenck.

Caloplaca eudosa Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 238.

Amphiloma eudoxum Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1888) 44.

Lecanora eudoxa Stizenberger (1890) 194, no. 545.

on quartzite rocks, at top of mountain, Nautilus Point, Angra Pequena, Schinz.

Caloplaca fecunda Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 260.

on sandstone rocks, Steinkopf Mt., Namaqualand, Meyer (v. d. Byl 952), Type.

348

Caloplaca ferruginea (Huds.) Th. Fr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 118.

Lecanora ferruginea Link, Drège (1843) 134, 141 ; Stizenberger (1890 & 1895) no. 581 ; Hue (1891) 51.

Blastenia ferruginea Massal., J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 298 ; Schinz (1905) 395 ; van der Byl (1931) 15.

on rocks, Cape and near Lydenburg, Wilms ; near Boronza, Menyharth 255, 270, 272, 463 ; “Glenfilling”, Drège ; Hoffmanskloof, Drège.

on tree trunk, Onrust, v. d. Byl 332 (det. Vain.).

f. erysibe Jatta

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 122.

Lecanora ferruginea f. erysibe Stizenberger (1890) no. 581.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Caloplaca ferrogineovirens (Vain.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 586.

Placodium ferrugineovirens Vainio (1926) 7 ; van der Byl (1931) 15.

on bark of Royena sp., near Howick, v. d. Byl 224, Type.

Caloplaca flava (Müll.-Arg.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 131.

Callopisma flavum Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 297 ; Schinz (1905) 395. Lecanora flava Stizenberger (1895) no. 578ter.

on rocks, Mt. Nhasinde, Zambesi Region, Menyharth 1209.

Caloplaca flavorubens (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 239.

Placodium flavorubens Nylander (1868) 510.

Lecanora flavorubens Stizenberger (1890) no. 562.

on rocks, South West Africa, Welwitsch.

Precise locality not mentioned; this may be a tropical species, it was also collected by Welwitsch at Cape Verde (Vainio 1901 : 407).

Caloplaca flavovirescens Dalla Torre & Sarnth.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 131.

Lecanora erythrella Ach., Stizenberger (1890) no. 577.

Lecanora aurantiaca var. erythrella Nyl., Crombie 0876 a) 172.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton.

Caloplaca gracilescens Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 268 ; van der Byl (1931) 15.

on quartz rocks, Conney Glen, Knysna, v. d. Byl 640.

Caloplaca granulosa Jatta

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 240.

Placodium subgranulosum Vain., van der Byl (1931) 13.

(?) Lecanora granulosa Wedd., Stizenberger (1890) no. 558.

on stone, Langbaan, v.d. Byl 355 pr. p. (det. Vain.) ; ? on rocks, Table Mt., MacOwan.

349

Caloplaca haematodes ( Massal.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 c) Pl. 9, f. 7-11 ; (1932) 266, Cat. Lich. VII : 143. Callopisma haematodes Massalongo (1861) 86 ; Malme (1926) 29.

Lecanora cinnabarina var. perminiata Nyl. apud Crombie (1876 a) 171 ; Hue (1891) 48.

Lecanora cinnabarina var. haematodes Stizenberger (1890) 198, no. 571

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Balfour, MacOwan ; near Simon's Bay, Jelinek ; near Matjesfontein, Marloth 134 ; near Laingsburg, Brunnthaler ; Hanover, Cape, v. d. Merwe (v. d. Byl 436 pr. p., det. Vain.) ; Ceres, Leslie (v. d. Byl 455, det. Vain, 458, 465, 468, 473).

Caloplaca hampeana ( Massal.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 144.

Pyrenodesmia hampeana Massalongo (1856) 38.

on bark, Cape of Good Hope.

Caloplaca lamprocheila Flagey

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 153.

Lecanora lamprocheila (DC.) Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 592.

on rocks, top of Table Mt., MacOwan.

Caloplaca leptopisma (Nyl.) Zahlbr. forma.

Placodium leptopismum (Nyl.) Vain. f. discreta Vain. in Herb, van der Byl, ? nom. nud. on stones, Sarnia, Hean (v. d. Byl 296, 307, 309, 317) ; Langbaan, v. d. Byl 355 pr. p., Mossel Bay, v. d. Byl 379 ; Hanover, Cape, v. d. Merwe (v. d. Byl 433) ; all det. Vain.

Caloplaca leucoxantha (Müll.-Arg.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 242.

Amphiloma leucoxanthum Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1888) 139.

Lecanora leucoxantha Stizenberger (1890) 195, no. 551.

on branches of Sarcocaulon sp., Angra Pequena, Schinz.

Caloplaca massula Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 156.

Lecanora massula Stizenberger (1890) 201, no. 586.

Lecidea massula Hue (1914) 15.

on bark of pomiferous trees, Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Caloplaca mastophora (Vain.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 587.

Placodium (Callopisma) mastophorum Vainio (1926) 7 ; van der Byl (1931) 15. on bark of Royena sp.; near Howick, v. d. Byl 210, Type.

Var. flavorubescens Vain.

in Herb. van der Byl, ? nom. nud.

on bark of Celtis kraussiana Bernh., Salisbury, Eyles 3897 (v. d. Byl 548, det. Vain.).

Caloplaca murorum (Hoffm.) Th. Fr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 269, Cat. Lich. VII : 248.

Lecanora murorum Ach., Drège (1843) 52, 53, 75, 85 ; Crombie (1876 a) 171 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 553.

350

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton ; on quartz rocks, Hermanus, v. d. Byl 788 pr. p. ; Witberg, Drège ; Piquetberg, Drège ; Paarlberg, Drège.

Caloplaca neethlingii Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 175.

on quartzite, Lydenburg, Neethling (v. d. Byl 1216), Type.

Caloplaca nideri Steiner var. pruinosula Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 a) 543, Cat. Lich. VII : 261.

on crumbling stone, Haifischinsel, off Lüderitzbucht, Fincke, Type.

Caloplaca nolens Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 260.

on bark of tree, Victoria Falls, Brunnthaler, Type.

Caloplaca odoardii (Bagl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 160.

Lecanora odoardii Stizenberger (1890), 200, no. 582.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Caloplaca orichalcea (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 161.

Lecanora orichalcea Stizenberger (1890) 199, no. 576.

Lecidea orichalcea Hue (1914) 16.

on granite and basaltic rocks, Lebombo Mts., Wilms.

Caloplaca pallidior (Müll.-Arg.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 266.

Lecanora subfulgescens Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 556 ; (?) van der Byl (1931) 13, as L. subfulgens.

Caloplaca cinnabarina var. pallidior Jatta, van der Byl (1931) 15.

Caloplaca cinnabarina var. subfulgescens Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 102.

on granite, Transvaal, Wilms ; on schistose rocks, near Bulawayo, Brunnthaler ; on rocks, near Salisbury, Eyles (v. d. Byl 608) ; near Ceres, Leslie (v. d. Byl 614).

f. opaca (Müll.-Arg.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 266.

on sandstone rocks, near Laingsburg, Brunnthaler.

Caloplaca perexigua (Vain.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 588.

Placodium perexiguum Vainio (1926) 6 ; van der Byl (1931) 15.

on rocks, Riversdale, v. d. Byl 370 pr. p., Type.

Caloplaca phlogina Flagey

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 164.

Lecanora phlogina Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 610.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

351

Caloplaca placidia Steiner

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 165.

Lecanora aurantiaca var. placidium Stizenberger (1890) no. 574.

on rocks, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Caloplaca platyna Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 175.

on shale rocks, Nuwe Rus, Namaqualand, v. d. Byl 1167, Type.

Caloplaca pyracea Th. Fr.

f. pyrithromoides Oliv.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 173.

Placodium ferrugineum (Huds.) Hepp. var. pyrithromoides Wainio (1901) 407.

on top of rock in Montes Negros, Welwitsch 51 pr. p. ; on perpendicular schistose rocks, between Maiombo and Cazimba, Welwitsch 17 pr. p.

f. subpicta Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 173.

Lecanora pyracea f. picta Nyl. apud Crombie (1876 a) 172.

Lecanora pyracea var. picta (Nyl.) Stizenberger (1890) no. 601.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton.

Var. pyrithroma Flagey

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 177.

Lecanora pyracea Nyl. f. pyrithroma Nylander (1868) 511 ; Hue (1891) 50 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 601.

in desert regions, Mossamedes.

Caloplaca pyropoecila (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 178.

Lecanora pyropoecila Nyl. apud Crombie (1876 a) 172, (1876 b) 20 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 609; Hue (1891) 51 ; van der Byl (1931) 13.

Placodium pyropoecilum Vainio (1921) 59.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Type ; on ironstone, Howick, v. d. Byl 216 (det. Vain.).

Caloplaca pyropoeciloides Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 263.

on granite rocks, slopes of Table Mt., Brunnthaler, Type.

Caloplaca regalis (Vain.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 269, Cat. Lich. VII : 275.

on non-calcareous rocks, Bloubergstrand, v. d. Byl 1041, 1042.

f. prostrata (Hue) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, 1.c.

associated with above, v. d. Byl 1040.

Caloplaca sophodes (Vain.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 589.

Placodium sophodes Vainio (1926) 8 ; van der Byl (1931) 13.

on bark of Royena sp., near Howick, v. d. Byl 207 pr. p., Type.

352

Caloplaca subcerina (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 202.

Lecanora erythroleuca var. subcerina Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 627 ; van der Byl (1931) 12.

Placodium subcerinum Vain.

on bark of trees, near Durban, Wilms ; on bark of Royena sp., Howick, v. d. Byl 209 (det. Vain. as Placodium subcerinum).

Caloplaca subseptata Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 259.

on rocks, Gordon's Bay, Webb (v. d. Byl 959) Type.

Caloplaca subsoluta (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 185.

Lecanora subsoluta Nyl., van der Byl (1931) 13.

on stone, Hanover, Cape, v. d. Merwe (v. d. Byl 430, 434, det. Vain.)

Caloplaca subunicolor (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 265, Cat. Lich. VII : 185.

Lecanora subunicolor Nyl. apud Crombie (1876 a) 172, (1876 b) 19 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 578 ; van der Byl (1931) 13.

Lecanora euelpis Stizenberger (1890) 169, no. 575.

Lecidea euelpis Hue (1914) 12.

Caloplaca euelpis Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 116.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton ; Cape, MacOwan ; Ceres, Leslie (v. d. Byl 470, det. Vain.) ; on hill near Port Elizabeth, Brunnthaler.

Caloplaca sympageella (Vain.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 589.

Placodium sympageellum Vainio (1926) 6 ; van der Byl (1931) 15.

on rocks, Howick, v. d. Byl 220, Type, 217 pr. p. (det. Vain.).

Caloplaca tegularis Sandst.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 267.

Physcia pusilla Massalongo (1852 a) 567.

Lecanora murorum var. pusilla Wedd., Stizenberger (1890) no. 553.

on rocks, near Saldanha Bay, Breutel.

Caloplaca teicophila ( Massal.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 189.

Callopisma teicophilum Massalongo (1861) 86.

on schistose rocks, Cape, Wawra.

Caloplaca theloschistoides Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, (1921) 241, (1926 b) 544, Cat. Lich. VII : 275.

on non-calcareous rocks, Haifischinsel, off Lüderitzbucht, Fincke.

Caloplaca zambesica (Müll.-Arg.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 201.

Callopisma zambesicum Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 297.

Lecanora zambesica (Müll.-Arg.) Stizenberger (1895) no. 578bis.

on rocks, near Boroma, Menyharth 1210, 1213.

353

TELOSCHISTACEAE

Teloschistes capensis Malme

Malme (1926) 47 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 c) Pl. 5, f. 7-8, Cat. Lich. VII : 311; Hillman (1930) 323.

Lichen capensis Linnaeus f. (1781) 451 ; Hoffman (1784) 94, Tab. XIX, f. 2, XX, f. 2 ; Lamarck (1789) 507 ; Gmelin (1791) 1379 ; Acharius (1798) 182 ; Thunberg (1800) 179, (1923) 748.

Usnea capensis Hoffman (1790) 48, Tab. X, f. 1 ; Roumeguère,(1868) 35, Tab. VI, LVII.

Borrera capensis Acharius (1810) 503, Tab. IX, f. 5.

Borrera pubera v. capensis Acharius (1814) 224.

Physcia capensis de Notaris (1847) 196, (1849) 386, f. 15 ; Massalongo

(1852 a) 563, (1852 b) 34 ; Juel (1918) 49.

Tornabenia capensis Massalongo (1853) 42.

Blastenia capensis Trevisan (1853) 2.

Physcia chrysophthalma var. capensis Nylander (1857) 106, (1860 a) 410; Stirton (1877) 215 ; Hue (1890) 315 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 414.

on branches of shrubs, Tygerberg and die Swartland, Thunberg ; on tree trunks, Cape, Breutel, Rehmann ; on Lycium sp. and Cotyledon paniculata, Cape Point, C. A. Smith, 727.

f. puber Malme

Malme (1926) 47 ; van der Byl (1933 a) 15 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 312.

Borrera pubera Acharius (1810) 502 ;

on bark, South Africa.

Teloschistes chrysocarpoides Wain.

Wainio (1900 b) 4 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 318. on branches of trees, Hereroland, Dinter 50.

Teloschistes chrysophthalmus (Linn.) Beltr.

Steiner (1907) 641 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 c) Pl. 2. figs. 1-2, (1932) 269, Cat. Lich. VII : 269 ; van der Byl (1931) 15, (1933 a) 14.

Borrera chrysophthalma Ach., Drège (1843) 94, 105, 133.

Tornabenia africana Massalongo (1861) 84.

Evernia chrysophthalma Flotow, von Flotow (1843) 24 ; Krauss (1846) 202.

Teloschistes africanus Zahlbruckner (1926 c) Pl. 2, figs. 3-7.

Physcia chrysophthalma (Linn.) DC., Stirton (1877) 215 ; Crombie (1876 a) 170 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 414.

on bark and branches, near Gouritz River ; Table Mt., Eaton, v. d. Byl ; Table Mt. and Devils Peak, Drège ; Garip, near the mouth of the Orange River,

Drège ; Enon, Drège ; Robertson, Bruwer (v. d. Byl 408, det. Vain.) ; Piquetberg, v. d. Byl ; Jansenville, Slabbert (v. d. Byl 701) ; Stellenbosch, Duthie 2 ; Transvaal, without locality, v. d. Byl ; Cape, ?MacOwan ; on Cydonia oblonga Mill., Umtali, Eyles 4287 (v. d. Byl 571, det. A. L. Sm.) ; on Prunus salicina Lindl., Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 984 (det. Merrill) ; on Acacia karroo Hayne, near Berg River, Stellenbosch, Krauss.

f. armatus (Rabenh.) Hillm.

Hillman (1930) 312 ; van der Byl (1933 a) 14 ; Zahlbruckner, (1932) 270, Cat. Lich. VII : 270.

on branches of Rhus glauca Deaf., near Still Bay, Muir (v. d. Byl 967).

354

f. cinereus Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 548, Cat. Lich. VII : 316.

on bark of Quercus sp., Genadendal, near Caledon, Brunnthaler ; on bark, Löwenberg, Zeyher no. 8 (as Parmelia capensis Ach.).

Var. dilatatus Hillm.

Hillman (1930) 312 ; van der Byl (1933 a) 15 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 317. Physcia chrysophthalma var. dilatata Stizenberger (1890) 176, no. 414.

on bark, Transvaal, McLea ; Knorhoek, Sir Lowry Pass, Fischer, 1612.

Var. pulvinaris Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 549, Cat. Lich. VII : 318 ; Hillman (1930) 312 ; van der Byl (1933 a) 15.

on old Casuarina tree, Port Elizabeth, Brunnthaler.

Teloschistes costatus Hillm.

Hiliman (1930) 327 ; van der Byl (1933 a) 15 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 318. Teloschistes flavicans (Sw.) Norm. var. costatus Steiner (1897) 214 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 548.

on thorn bushes, Despatch, Brunnthaler ; on trees and shrubs, East London, Wager, 757 ; Jeffreys Bay, Kapp, 1765 ; Fort Beaufort, Schaefer, 2031.

Teloschistes exilis (Michx.) Vain.

Hillman (1930) 335 ; van der Byl (1931) 15.

Physcia exilis Michx., Stizenberger (1890) no. 409.

Physcia flavicans var. exilis Nylander (1860 a) 407.

Teloschistes flavicans var. exilis (Michx.) Müll.-Arg., Zahlbruckner, (1926 b) 548, Cat. Lich. VII : 322 ; van der Byl (1933 a) 17.

on thorn bushes, Haifischinsel, off Lüderitzbucht, Fincke ; on Cydonia oblonga Mill., Umtali, Eyles 4287 ; on branches of Acacia sp., Eteza, Zululand, v. d. Byl 123 (det, Vain.) ; on trunks, Woodbush, v. d. Byl 521 pr. p. ; Cape Town, Eyles (v. d. Byl 403. and v. d. Byl ) ; Kwaggakama, Christian, 742 ; Bushbuck Ridge, Wager, 1474 ; ? Kentani, Pegler (S.A. M. 46899) ; East London, Pegler (S.A. M. 46949) ; Blue Lilies Bush, Humansdorp, Woodcock (S.A. M. 46930).

Var. dealbatus Hillm.

Hillman (1930) 335.

Evernia flavicans var. dealbata von Flotow (1843) 24, ; Krauss (1846) 202. Teloschistes flavicans var. dealbatus Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 322.

on twigs in bush, Highbury, Doidge, 1540 ; Rosetta, T. R. Sim, 1441 ; on bark of Acacia decurrens Willd., Mountain Home Farm, Woodbush, Mogg, 1562 ; on Gynmosporia sp., near Uitenhage, Krauss.

Var. pulvinatus Hillman

Hillman (1930) 335.

Teloschistes flavicans var. pulvinatus Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 324.

on twigs of Acacia karroo Hayne, Prunus persica Sieb. & Zucc., and other trees, Kentani, Pegler 1227, 156.

Teloschistes flavicans (Sw.) Norm.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 547, Cat. Lich. VII : 319 ; Hillman (1930) 329 ; van der Byl (1933 a) 16.

Lichen flavicans Sw., Thunberg (1800) 179, (1823) 748.

355

Evernia flavicans von Flotow (1843) 24 ; Krauss (1846) 202.

Tornabenia flavicans Massalongo (1861) 48.

Borrera flavicans Ach., Drège (1843) 133.

Physcia flavicans (Sw.) DC., Crombie (1876 a) 170 ; Stizenberger (1890 & 1895) no. 408.

amongst moss and on rocks and tree trunks, Cape, Wawra ; Muizenberg mountain, MacOwan (S.A.M. 46962) ; on branches of trees, Table Mt., Eaton ; on thorn bushes, Despatch, Brunnthaler ; Green Point, v. d. Byl ; Saldanha Bay, Thunberg ; Pondoland, Bachmann ; Garcia's Pass, Riversdale, Thorne (S.A. M. 38881) ; on twigs, Kaaimansgat Forest, Mogg, 1972 ; Enon, Drège.

f. minor Cromb.

Hillman (1930) 335 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 321 ; van der Byl (1933 a) 16.

Physcia flavicans var. minor Crombie (1876 a) 170 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 408 ; Gepp (1911) 244.

on branches, Table Mt., Eaton ; on trees, near Chirinda, Swynnerton 883.

Var. croceus Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1893 c) 510 ; Hillman (1930) 333 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich.

VII : 322 ; van der Byl (1933 a) 16.

Physcia flavicans var. crocea Jatta, Stizenberger (1895) no. 408.

on branches, Pondoland, Bachmann ; Cape, Rehmann, Ecklon, Drège.

Var. intermedius Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1893 c) 510 ; Stizenberger (1895) no. 408 ; Hillman (1930) 333. Teloschistes flavicans var. maximus Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 323.

on branches, Pondoland, Bachmann.

Var. puberus Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 324.

Borrera pubera Acharius (1810) 502, (1814) 223 ; Drège (1843) 94, 108, 132. Physcia chrysophthalma var. pubera Nylander (1860 a) 410.

Teloschistes flavicans var. puber Hillman (1930) 334.

on dry stony hills, Ebenezar, Drège ; Garip, near the mouth of the Orange River, Drege ; Samteesvlakte, Drège ; Enon, Drège.

Teloschistes hypoglaucus (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Hillman (1930) 338 ; van der Byl (1933 a) 17 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 328.

Physcia hypoglauca Nylander (1860 a) 409, (1869 a) 6 ; Hue (1890) 314 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 413.

Niorma derelicta Massalongo (1861) 84.

Teloschistes derelictus Zahlbruckner (1926 c) Pl. 2, figs 8-12.

on branches and twigs, Cape, Wawra, Ecklon, Zehler ; Barberton, Burtt Davy, 174 ; in bush, Highbury, Doidge, 1539 ; Giants Castle, Symons 1422 ; along Inanda Valley, between Krantzkop and Greytown, R. A. Dyer, 1828 ; on twigs of Pyrus malus Linn.; Bethlehem, Saayman, 1590 ; Zomershoek, Wakkerstroom, Pienaar, 175 ; on twigs of Pyrus and Prunus spp., Pont & v. Elden ; on twigs of Rhus refracta E. & Z., on hill west of Tidbury's Toll,Turner ,1863 ; on branch of Acacia karroo Hayne, Doornbosch, Somerset East, Turner, 1872.

Teloschistes perrugosus Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1891) 376 ; Hillman (1930) 317 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich., VII : 325.

Physcia perrugosa Stizenberger (1893) 90, no. 411bis.

near Lupata in the Zambesi region, Kirk.

356

Teloschistes scorigenus (Mont.) Wain.

Wainio (1901) 407 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 325.

Lecanora scorigena (Mont.) Nylander (1868) 510 ; Hue (1891) 47 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 543.

on calcareous rocks, near Cabo Negro, Welwitsch 22.

Teloschistes validus (Müll.-Arg.) Hillm.

Hillman (1930) 326.

Teloschistes fiavicans (Sw.) Norm. var. validus Müll.-Arg., Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 324.

on twigs, Inanda, Medley Wood 644, 1697 ; Port Alfred, Penfield, 178 ; Lourenço Marques, Junod, 185 ; Jeffrey's Bay, Kapp, 1764 ; Kaaimansgat Forest, Mogg, 1972 ; Kidd’s Beach, Schaefer, 2027.

Teloschistes verrucosus Hillm.

Hillman (1930) 325 ; van der Byl (1933 a) 13 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 327.

on bark, Duikervallei, Tygerberg, Lindley Expect. ; Cape, Drège ; without locality, Marlot 6406 ; 1517 ; Orange River Mouth, near Alexander Bay, Orpen, 736.

Teloschistes villosus Norm.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 325.

Physcia villosa Duby, Schultze (1907) 706.

on Marlothia africana Engl., Kwatsane, Kalahari, Schultze 23.

Xanthoria candelaria Kickx

f. fibrillosa Hillm.

Hillman (1922) 201 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 547, Cat. Lich. VII : 282.

on branches of a shrub, Namaqualand, Marloth 6405, ? 1516.

Var. semigranularis Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 287.

Physcia lychnea (Ach.) Nyl. var. semigranularis Stizenberger (1890) 177, no. 420.

Teloschistes controversus var. semigranularis Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1887 a) 319.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Xanthoria ectaneoides (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 269, Cat. Lich. VII : 287 ; van der Byl (1931) 15, (1933 (a) 12.

Physcia ectaneoides Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 419.

Xanthoria parietina (Linn.) Beltr. var. ectaneoides (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Hillman (1920) 4, 20.

on rocks, Table Mt., Jelinek ; Onrust, v. d. Riet (v. d. Byl 804) ; Hermanus, Louwrens 1734.

Xanthoria flammea (Linn. f.) Hillm.

Hillman (1932) 192, 206 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 545, (1926 c) P1. 1, f. 11-1

(1932) 269, Cat. Lich. VII : 309 ; van der Byl (1931) 15, (1933 a) 10.

Lichen flammeus Linnaeus f. (1781) 451 ; Thunberg (1800) 179, (1823) 747.

Dufourea flammea Acharius (1810) 524, (1814) 246 ; Juel (1918) 49.

Parmelia flammea Ach., von Flotow (1843) 27 ; Krauss (1846) 201.

Physcia flammea Nylander (1860 a) 412 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 321.

Physcia flammula Nyl., Schultze (1907) 706.

Physcia holoxantha Nylander (1869 a) 6, not.

357

on bark of shrubs and trees, near Saldanha Bay, Thunberg ; Lamberts Bay, Brauns; near Swellendam, Krauss ; without locality, Pappe (S.A. M. 46881) ; near Swakopmund, F. & R. Wettstein ; Table Mt., Eaton ; South Africa, without locality, Breutel (Herb. Krempelhuber) ; on dead plants, Possession Is., Schultze 22 ; on thorn bush, Haifischinseln off Lüderitzbucht, Fincke ; on Cassine sphaerophylla O. Ktze., Platbos near Stilbaai, Muir (v. d. Byl 970) ; on branches of Lycium horridum Linn., “in insula Phocarum”, near Table Bay.

Var. podetiifera Hillm.

Hillman (1922) 207 ; Zahibruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 309.

on Asparagus capensis and Lycium sp., Bozenfels, Dinter, 1502 ; on shrubs, Lamberts Bay, v. d. Merwe, 1720 ; Saldanha Bay, Marloth 106, 1519 ; Alexander Bay, Orpen, 735 on dead twigs of Lycium horridum Linn., MacOwan, 319.

Xanthoria marlothii Zahlbr.

Zahibruckner (1926 b) 544, Cat. Lich. VII: 288 ; van der Byl (1933 a) 10.

on sandstone, Steinkopf Distr., Little Namaqualand, Marloth 6320.

Xanthoria parietina (Linn.) Beltr.

Zahibruckner (1926 b) 547, (1932) 269, Cat. Lich. VII : 288 ; van der Byl (1931) 15, (1933 a) 11.

Parmelia parietina Ach., Drège (1843) 85, 94, 108, 133.

Physcia parietina (L.) de Not., Crombie (1876 a) 170 ; Stirton (1877) 215 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 415.

on branches and twigs of trees undet., Table Mt., Eaton ; Kloof Neck, Brunnthaler ; Ceres, Leslie (v. d. Byl 611) ; near Stilbaai, v. d. Byl 968 ; Paarlberg, Drège ; Enon, Drège ; Garip, near the mouth of the Orange River, Drège ; on dry stony hills, Ebenezar, Drège ; Boschberg, MacOwan 525 (S.A.M. 46913) ; Robertson, Bruwer (v. d. Byl 414) ; Piquetberg, v. d. Byl ; Woodbush, v. d. Byl 521 pr. p. ; on Cassine sphaerophylla O. Ktze, near Stilbaai, J. Muir ; on Myoporum acuminatum R. Br., near Stilbaai, J. Muir ; on Nerium oleander Linn., Hopefield, v. d. Byl 146 (det. Vain.) ; on Populus alba Linn., Liesbeck River, MacOwan ; Populus sp., Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 85 (det. Merrill) ; on Portulacaria atra Jacq., Zwartkops, Brunnthaler ; on Prunus persica Sieb. & Zucc., Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 92 ; on Punica granatum Linn., Hopefield, v. d. Byl 395 (det. Vain.) ; on Quercus sp., Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 82 (det. Merrill) ; on Sideroxylon inerme Linn., near Stilbaai, J. Muir.

on rocks, Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 93 ; on stones, Onrust, v. d. Riet ; Gouritz Rivier, v. d. Byl 321 on cement wall, Cape Town, Eyles (v. d. Byl 387).

f. albicans (Müll.-Arg.) Hillm.

Hillman (1920) 2, 14 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 295.

Physcia parietina f. albicans Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1890) 338 ; Stizenberger (1893) no. 415.

South Africa, MacOwan, 337.

f. rutilans Th. Fr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII: 297.

Physcia parietina var. rutilans Stizenberger (1890) 176, no. 415.

on branches of shrubs, Cape, Drège.

Var. aureola (Ach.) Th. Fr.

Steiner (1907) 641 ; Hillman (1920) 18 ; van der Byl (1933 a) 11.

Physcia parietina var. aureola Körb., Crombie (1876 a) 170 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 415.

on bark of trees, Table Mt., Eaton ; Stellenbosch, Duthie 6.

358

Var. ectanea (Ach.) Kickx.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 547, Cat. Lich. VII : 298 ; van der Byl (1933 a) 11. Physcia parietina var. ectanea (Ach.) Nylander (1860 a) 411 ; Hue (1890) 315 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 418.

on branches of shrubs and on calcareous stones, Cape, Drège ; on Quercus sp., Genadendal, Brunnthaler.

Var. macrophylla (Stizenb.) Hillm.

Hillman (1920) 7, 16 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 302 ; van der Byl (1933 a) 12.

Physcia macrophylla Stizenberger (1890) 177, no. 418 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 646.

on cortex of Sparmannia sp., Table Mt., Jelinek.

Xanthoria turbinata Wain.

Wainio (1900 b) 4 ; van der Byl (1933 a) 12.

on branches of Punica granatum Linn., Hopefield, v. d. Byl 395 pr. p. (det. Vain.) ; on branches, Hereroland, Dinter 49, 49 b.

BUELLIACEAE

Buellia abstracta Oliv.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 330 ; van der Byl (1931) 16.

on stone, Hopefield, v. d. Byl 341 (det. Vain.).

Buellia aethalea (Ach.) Th. Fr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 549, (1932) 272, Cat. Lich. VII : 331.

Lecidea aethalea Nyl., Stizenberger (1891) no. 1132.

Lecidea atroalbella Nyl., Stizenberger (1891) no. 1131.

Melanaspicilia aethalea Wain., Herb. v. d. Byl.

As Rinodina aethalea (Ach.), van der Byl (1931) 16.

on rocks, Kloof Neck, Cape Town, Brunnthaler ; Table Mt., MacOwan, Jelinek ; Caledon, v. d. Byl 365 (det. Vain.) ; Spitzkop, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Buellia aethaloëssa (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 333.

Lecidea aethaloëssa Stizenberger (1891) 166, no. 1133.

on quartzite rocks, near Muizenberg, Mac Owan, Type.

Buellia afra Wain.

Wainio (1901) 415 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 333.

Buellia africana Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1879) 292, (1893) 292.

Lecidea afra Stizenberger (1891 & 1895) 163, no. 1120.

on rocks, near Boroma, Lower Zambesi, Menyharth 6.

Buellia africana Tuckerm.

Tuckerman (1888) 160 ; J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 298 ; Schinz (1905) 395 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 433, 458.

Lecidea africana Tuckerman (1860) 406 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1184.

Catalechia africana Mull. Arg., J. Muller-Arg. (1881) 510.

on rocks, Saldanha Bay, Zeyher ; on sandstone rocks, near Simonstown, Wright ; Table Mt., MacOwan ; near Boroma, Menyharth 6.

359

Buellia albinea Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 334.

Lecidea albinea Stizenberger (1891) 168, no. 1141.

on quartzite rocks, Lebombo Mts., Wilms.

Buellia albula Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 334.

Lecidea albula Nyl., Stizenberger (1891) no. 1147.

on wood, Saldanha Bay, Breutel.

Buellia ambusta Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 334, as B. ambuta.

Lecidea ambusta Stizenberger (1891) 174, no. 1170.

on bark of a tree of the family Malvaceae, near Durban, Wilms, Type.

Buellia anatolodia Massal.

Massalongo (1861) 67 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 335.

Lecidea anatolodia Krempelh., Stizenberger (1891) no. 1137.

on rocks, Cape, Wawra.

Buellia brugierae Vain.

Vainio (1926) 14 ; van der Byl (1931) 16 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 591. on bark of Bruguiera gymnorhiza, near Durban, v. d. Byl 138, Type.

Buellia brunnthaleri Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 340.

Buellia angulosa Steiner, apud Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 549, non. B. de Lesd.

on quartzite rocks, above the baths, Caledon, Brunnthaler.

Buellia callaina (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 341.

Lecidea callaina Stizenberger (1891) 172, no. 1166.

on sandstone rocks, Lions Head, Macowan, Type.

Buellia callispora var. tetrapla Steiner

Steiner (1907) 645 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 551, (1932) 272, Cat. Lich. VII : 341.

on bark, Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 997 pr. p., Type ; on rind of Portulacaria afra Jacq., Zwartkops near Port Elizabeth, Brunnthaler.

Buellia callisporoides Vain.

Lynge (1937) 78 (not B. callisporoides Steiner, see Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 341).

on rocks, Riversdale, v. d. Byl, Type.

Buellia cangoënsis Vain.

Vainio (1926) 15 ; van der Byl (1931) 16 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 591. on bark of leafy tree, near Cango Caves, Oudtshoorn, v. d. Byl 381.

360

Buellia coeruleata (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 343.

Lecidea coeruleata Stizenberger (1891) 168, no. 1142.

on quartzite rocks, Cape, Macowan, Type.

Buellia contingens Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 346.

Lecidea contingens Nyl. apud Crombie (1876 a) 178 ; Hue (1891) 144 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1176.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Type.

Buellia dialytella Vain.

Vainio (1926) 15 ; van der Byl (1931) 16 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 591.

on bark of Royena sp., near Howick, v. d. Byl 207 pr. p., Type.

Buellia diorista (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 349 ; van der Byl (1931) 16.

on tree trunk, Stella Bush, Verwoerd (v. d. Byl 399, det. Vain.) ; on stem of shrub, Robertson, Bruwer (v. d. Byl 412, det. Vain.).

Buellia disciformis (Fr.) Mudd.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 270, Cat. Lich. VII : 349.

Lecidea disciformis Nylander (1869 a) 12 ; Stizenberger (1891 & 1895) no. 1160. Buellia parasema var. disciformis Th. Fr., J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 298 ; Schinz (1905) 395.

on bark, near Lydenburg and in Schiffberg Mt., Wilms (Lojka, Lichenoth. univ. 84) ; Natal ; Salisbury, v. d. Byl 602 ; near Boroma, Menyharth 262 ; Durban, Armstrong.

f. vulgata Oliv.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 352.

Buellia parasema var. vulgata Th. Fr., J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 298 ; Schinz (1905) 395.

on bark, near Boroma, Menyharth 463, 466, 470.

Var. cinereopruinosa Vain.

van der Byl (1931) 16, ? nom. nud.

on trunk of tree, Eshowe, v. d. Byl 186.

Var. lecanactiva Steiner

Steiner (1907) 645 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 353.

on bark, Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 997 pr. p., Type, 998 pr. p.

Var. sanguinea (Müll.-Arg.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 354.

Buellia parasema var. sanguinea Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1888) 207.

Lecidea disciformis var. sanguinea Stizenberger (1891) 171, no. 1160.

on bark, Lydenburg, Wilms.

Buellia discolorans (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 356.

Lecidea discolor Stizenberger (1891) 173, no. 1168 (as L. discors).

on bark of Rhamnus sp., near Uitenhage, Breutel, Type.

361

Buellia dispersa Massal.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 551, Cat. Lich. VII : 356.

on sandstone, Port Elizabeth, on hill east of town, Brunnthaler.

Buellia distrahens Vain.

Vainio (1926) 13 ; van der Byl (1931) 16 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 591. on sandstone, Stellenbosch, v. d. Byl 248, Type.

Buellia distrata (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 357.

Lecidea distrata Nyl. apud Crombie (1876 a) 179 ; Stizenberger (1891) no.

1151 ; Hue (1891) 140.

on quartzite rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Type.

Buellia durbana Vain.

Vainio (1926) 17 ; van der Byl (1931) 16 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 592. on wood, Durban, v. d. Byl 168, Type.

Buellia endorhodina Vain.

Lynge (1937) 79.

on bark, Stella Bush, v. d. Byl 181, Type.

Buellia epichlora (Vain.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 592.

Melanaspicilia epichlora Vainio (1926) 11 ; van der Byl (1931) 16.

on sandstone, Stellenbosch, v. d. Byl 249, Type.

Buellia glencairnensis Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 177.

on sandstone, Glencairn, v. d. Byl 977, Type.

Buellia halonia (Ach.) Tuck.

Zahlbruckner, (1926 c) Pl. 9, f. 1-2, Cat. Lich. VII : 365.

Lecidea halonia Ach., Stizenberger (1891) 176, no. 1183.

Baeomyces capensis Taylor (1847) 186.

Buellia catalipa Massalongo (1861) 69.

on maritime rocks, Cape, Osbeck ; on rocks, Table Mt., Wawra, Eaton, MacOwan ; Lions Head, MacOwan ; on granite, Cape of Good Hope (Herb. Hook.).

Buellia incrustans Steiner

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 550, Cat. Lich. VII : 369.

on branches, Haifischinsel, off Lüderitzbucht, Fincke.

Buellia incuriosa (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 369.

Lecidea incuriosa Nyl. apud Crombie (1876 a) 178, (1876 b) 21 ; Hue (1891) 140 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1152.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Type.

362

Buellia inquilina Tuckerm.

J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 298 ; Schinz (1905) 396 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 370.

Lecidea inquilina Stizenberger (1895) 253, no. 1207.

near Boroma, Lower Zambesi, Menyharth 467.

Zahlbruckner, l. c., records this species only from California, and says that it appears to be a fungus.

Buellia insidians (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

van der Byl (1931) 16 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 370.

on stone, Caledon, v. d. Byl 362 (det. Vain.).

Buellia italica Massal.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 373.

Lecidea italica Wedd., Stizenberger (1891) 165, no. 1127.

on rocks, Cape, MacOwan.

Var. debanensis Bagl.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 373.

Lecidea italica var. debanensis Stizenberger (1891) 165, no. 1127.

on rocks, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Var. recobarina Massal.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 373 ; Massalongo (1861) 70.

Lecidea italica var. recobarina Stizenberger (1891) 165, no. 1127.

on sandstone rocks, Table Mt., Wawra.

Buellia langbaanensis Vain.

Vainio (1926) 11 ; van der Byl (1931) 16 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 592.

on granite, Langbaan, v. d. Byl 354, Type.

Buellia lauri-cassiae (Fée) Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 451.

Lecidea triphragmia Nylander (1869 a) 12 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1158 ; Hue (1891) 143.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

Var. macrosperma Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 272.

on branches of Canthium sp., Brenton, Knysna, v. d. Byl 649, 652.

Buellia leucina Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 377.

Lecidea leucina Stizenberger (1891) 164, no. 1121.

on rocks, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Buellia lutata (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 378.

Lecidea lutata Stizenberger (1891) 164, no. 1123.

on rocks, in Warm Bokkeveld Mts., near Ceres, MacOwan.

363

Buellia meizocarpa Vain.

Vainio (1926) 12 ; van der Byl (1931) 16 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 593.

on rock, Sarnia, Hean (v. d. Byl 305, 311, det. Vain.).

Buellia melanthina (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 380.

Lecidea melanthina Stizenberger (1891) 173, no. 1169.

on branches of shrub, Cape, Drège, Type.

Buellia micromera Vain.

Vainio (1926) 14 ; van der Byl (1931) 16 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 593.

on bark of Strychnos sp., Matopos, v. d. Byl 165.

Buellia microsperma Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1886) 309 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 381.

Lecidea nanosperma Stizenberger (1891) 164, no. 1122.

on stones, near Lydenburg, Wilms (Lojka Lichenoth. univ. 85), Type.

Buellia natalensis Vain.

Vainio (1926) 16 ; van der Byl (1931) 16 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 593.

on bark of Combretum sp., near Howick, v. d. Byl 212, Type ; on trunk of tree undet., Howick, van der Byl 221 (det. Vain.).

Buellia nesiotis (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 383.

Lecidea nesiotis Stizenberger (1891) 175, no. 1178.

on granite rocks, top of Lions Head, MacOwan, Type.

Buellia ocoteae Vain.

Vainio (1926) 15 ; van der Byl (1931) 16 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 583.

on bark of Ocotea bullata E. Mey., near Knysna, v. d. Byl 263, Type.

Buellia oleicola (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

van der Byl (1931) 16 ; Schinz (1905) 396 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 385. Lecidea olivacea Stizenberger (1895) no. 1137 bis.

on trunk of Eucalyptus sp., Mossel Bay, v. d. Byl 376 (det. Vain.).

Buellia olivacea Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 298 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 385.

on rocks, near Boroma, Menyharth 6.

Buellia pachnodes (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 385.

Lecidea pachnodes Stizenberger (1891) 172, no. 1165.

on sandstone rocks, near Muizenberg, MacOwan, Type.

Buellia pachysporoides Vain.

Lynge (1937) 80 ; van der Byl (1931) 16.

on rocks, Langbaan, v. d. Byl 537, 539, 542, 546 (Number of type not quoted by Lynge).

364

Buellia perigrapta (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 387.

Lecidea perigrapta Stizenberger (1891) 167, no. 1140.

on fragments of granite rocks, Lions Head, MacOwan, Type.

Buellia permodica (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 387.

Lecidea permodica Stizenberger (1891) 168, no. 1143.

on sandstone rocks, near Muizenberg, MacOwan, Type.

Buellia perspersa Steiner

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 551, Cat. Lich. VII : 389.

on ring of Portulacaria afra Jacq., Zwartkops River, near Port Elizabeth, Brunnthaler.

Buellia praelata (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 390.

Lecidea praelata Stizenberger (1891) 174 no. 1171.

on bark, Schif£berg Mt., Wilms ; on bark of a tree of the family Malvaceae, near Durban, Wilms, Type ; on bark of Rhus sp., Hopefield, v. d. Byl 337 (det. Vain.) ; on bark of shrub undet., Robertson, Bruwer (v. d. Byl 409, 410, det. Vain.).

Buellia procellarum Massal.

Massalongo (1861) 64 ; Jatta (1910) 197 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 551, Cat. Lich. VII : 390.

Lecidea procellarum Stizenberger (1891) 174, no. 1172.

on various hard rocks, Devil's Peak, Wawra ; Boschberg, MacOwan ; Löwenberg, MacOwan ; near Muizenberg, MacOwan.

Var. continuior Steiner

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 551.

as Buellia proserpens Müll.-Arg. var. continuior Steiner, Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII 390.

on quartzite rocks, Baakens River Valley, Port Elizabeth, Brunnthaler, Type.

Var. repens Steiner

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 551.

as Buellia proserpens var. repens Steiner, Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 390.

on sandstone, Genadendal mountains, Brunnthaler.

Buellia protothallina (Krempelh.) Vain.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 272, Cat. Lich. VII : 391.

on sandstone rocks, Van Reenen's Pass, Brunnthaler ; near Genadendal, Brunnthaler ; on rocks, Ceres, Leslie (v. d. Byl 462, det. Vain.) ; on quartzite rocks, near Caledon, Brunthaler.

Var. indissimilis Vain.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 391.

Buellia indissimilis (Nyl.) B. de Lesd., van der Byl (1931) 16.

on stone, Sarnia, Hean (v. d. Byl 302, det. Vain.).

365

Buellia punctata Massal.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 392.

Lecidea myriocarpa Röhl., Stizenberger (1891) no. 1179.

Buellia myriocarpa de Not., van der Byl (1931) 6.

on branches, hills above Maritzburg, Rehmann ; near Lydenburg and Komatipoort, Wilms ; on trunk of Pandanus variegatus Miq., Bot. Gard., Durban, v. d. Byl 31 (det. A. L. Sm.); on granite, Lions Head, MacOwan.

f. marcidula Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 397.

Lecidea myriocarpa f. marcidula Nyl. apud Crombie (1876 a) 179 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1179 ; Hue (1891) 139.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton.

f. punctiformis Hazsl.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 398.

Buellia punctiformis (Hoffm.) Massal., van der Byl (1931) 16.

on stone, Stellenbosch, v. d. Byl 251 (det. Vain.).

on bark of Protea sp., Stellenbosch, v. d. Byl 345 (det. Vain.) ; on bark of Eucalyptus sp., v. d. Byl 377 (det. Vain.).

Var. aequata (Ach.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 271, Cat. Lich. VII : 400.

Lecanora aequata (Ach.) Stizenberger (1890) no. 666.

on silicaceous rocks, Poole's Bay, v. d. Byl 794 ; on red rocks, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Buellia pura Vain.

Vainio (1926) 12 ; Zahlbruckner Cat. Lich. VIII : 593.

on granite rock, Matopos, v. d. Byl 163, Type.

Buellia quaterna Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 177.

on granite, Springbok, Namaqualand, v. d. Byl 1151, Type ; Bitterfontein, v. d. Byl 1185.

Buellia rhodesiaca Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 270 ; van der Byl (1931) 6.

on stone, near Salisbury, Eyles (v. d. Byl 586) Type.

Buellia rudis (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 404.

Lecidea rudis Stizenberger (1891) 162, no. 1114.

on sandstone rocks, near Muizenberg, MacOwan, Type.

Buellia rusticorum (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 405.

Lecidea rusticorum Stizenberger (1891) 169, no. 1146.

on rocks, near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Buellia schinziana Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1888) 46 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 410.

Lecidea schinziana Stizenberger (1891) 175, no. 1173.

on quartzite rocks, at top of mountain, Nautilus Point, Angra Pequena, Schinz, Type.

366

Buellia spuria (Schaer.) Anzi

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 552, (1932) 272, Cat. Lich. VII : 411 ; van der Byl (1931) 16.

Lecidea spuria Schaer., Crombie (1876 a) 178 ; Stizenberger (1891) 1125.

Buellia antarctica Massalongo (1861) 68.

Buellia antarctica var. effusa Massalongo (1861) 69.

on rocks, Table Mt., Wawra, Eaton, MacOwan ; Boschberg, MacOwan ; on sandstone, Genadendal, Brunnthaler ; on quartzite, Kloof Neck, Brunnthaler ; on silicaceous rocks, Hermanus, v. d. Byl 790 ; on rock, Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 101 (det. Merrill).

Var. ferruginea Vain.

Vainio (1901) 415 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 412.

on sandstone rocks, top of mountain, Morro de Lopollo, Welwitsch 53 pr. p.,

54 pr. p.

Var. insularis (Massal.) Jatta

Zahlbruckner (1932) 272, Cat. Lich. VII : 412.

Buellia antarctica var. insularis Massalongo (1861) 67.

Lecidea spuria var. insularis Stizenberger (1891) 165, no. 1125.

on rocks, top of Table Mt., Wawra ; on sandstone rocks, Poole's Bay, v. d. Byl 798.

Buellia stellulata (Tayl.) Mudd.

Steiner (1897) 225 ; Wainio (1901) 414 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 552, Cat. Lich. VII : 413.

Lecidea stellata Tayl., Nylander (1868) 516 ; Stizenberger (1891) 167, no. 1138; Hue (1891) 141.

Lecidea minutula Nyl., Crombie (1876 a) 179 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1139.

Buellia minutula Arn., ? van der Byl (1931) 16, as B. minutula Hepp.

on primitive rocks, Genadendal, Brunnthaler ; on stone, Stellenbosch, v. d. Byl 348 (det. Vain.) ; Langbaan, v. d. Byl 536 (det. Vain.) ; on hard rock, Cape, MacOwan ; Table Mt., Eaton ; on sandstone rock, near cataract, Ferrão da Sola, Welwitsch 484 pr. p., 11 pr. p. ; Morro de Lopollo, Welwitsch II b pr. p.

f. albosparsa Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 415.

Lecidea stellulata f. albosparsa Stizenberger (1891) 167, no. 1138.

on rocks, near Muizenberg, MacOwan.

f. hybrida Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 415.

Lecidea stellulata f. hybrida Stizenberger (1891) 167, no. 1138.

on quartzite and sandstone rocks, Table Mt., MacOwan.

f. murina Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 415.

Lecidea stellulata f. murina Stizenberger (1891) 167, no. 1138.

on rocks, near Muizenberg, MacOwan.

Buellia stizenbergeri Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 415.

Lecidea dispersula Stizenberger (1891) 166, no. 1135.

on sandstone rocks, near Muizenberg, MacOwan, Type.

367

Buellia subalbula (Nyl.) Müll.-Arg.

Vainio (1901) 414 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 552, Cat. Lich. VII : 416.

Lecidea subalbula Nylander (1868) 11 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1148 ; Hue (1891) 141.

on scattered calcareous rocks, at top of neck in Serra de Montes Negros, Welwitsch 2 pr. p., 12, 15 pr. p., 51 pr. p.; on tableland between Caroca and Cazimba, Welwitsch 52 ; on quartzite, Haifischinseln off Lüderitzbucht, Fincke.

Buellia subcinerascens Zahlbr.

van der Byl (1931) 16 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 417.

on wood, Hopefield, v. d. Byl 340 (det. Vain.).

Buellia subdisciformis Wain.

Wainio (1901) 413 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 418.

Lecidea subdisciformis Leight., Stizenberger (1891) no. 1163.

on trunks of Apodytes dimidiata E. Mey., in high forest near Lopollo, Welwitsch 9, 10 ; on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Buellia subtristis (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 421.

Lecidea subtristis Nyl. apud Crombie (1876 a) 179, (1876 b) 21; Hue (1891) 140.

on quartzite rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Type.

Buellia transvaalica (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 424.

Lecidea transvaalica Stizenberger (1891) 168, no. 1144.

on hard rock, near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Buellia triplicans Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 271.

on granite rocks, slopes of Table Mt., opposite Camps Bay, Brunnthaler, Type.

Buellia vernicoma Tuckerm.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 456.

Buellia myriocarpella (Nyl.) Oliv., van der Byl (1931) 16, as B. myriocapsella (Nyl.) Vain.

on stone, Stellenbosch, v. d. Byl 351 (det. Vain.).

Buellia verruculosa Mudd.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 427.

Lecidea ocellata Floerke, Stizenberger (1891) no. 1145.

Buellia rinodinea Massalongo (1861) 63 ; Vainio (1901) 414.

Lecanora microps Stizenberger (1890) 209, no. 645.

Rinodina microphthalma Massalongo (1861) 61.

on basalt rocks, Table Mt., Wawra ; on sandstone rocks, top of mountain, Morro de Lopollo, Welwitsch 53 pr. p., 54 pr. p.

Buellia viridiatra Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 430.

Lecidea viridiatra Stizenberger (1891) 172, no. 1162.

on sandstone rocks, near Muizenberg, MacOwan, Type.

368

Rinodina albocincta Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 178.

on bark, Knysna, v. d. Byl, Type.

Rinodina bicolor Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 272.

on silicaceous rocks, Mbabane, Lebzelter, Type.

Rinodina capensis Hampe

Massalongo (1861) 87 ; Zahlbruckner (1926 c) Pl. 3, f. 10-18, Cat. Lich. VII: 496.

on branches of trees, Cape, Wawra.

Rinodina confragulosa Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1887) 79 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 503.

Lecanora confragulosa Nyl. apud Crombie (1876 a) 172 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 664 ; Hue (1891) 57.

on sandstone rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Type.

Rinodina conspersa Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 298 ; Schinz (1905) 395 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 505.

Lecanora conspersa Stizenberger (1895) 236, no. 660bis.

on stones, near Boroma, Menyharth 1214.

Rinodina deminutula (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 508.

Lecanora deminutula Stizenberger (1890) 210, no. 658.

on rocks, Lions Head, MacOwan, Type.

Rinodina detecta (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII 510.

Lecanora detecta Stizenberger (1890) 213, no. 672.

on granite, in Transvaal mountains, Wilms, Type.

Rinodina exigua (Ach.) S.F. Gray

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 514.

Lecanora exigua Röhl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 650.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Rinodina ficta (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 518.

Lecanora ficta Stizenberger (1890) 210, no. 652.

on bark of a tree of the family Malvaceae, near Durban, Wilms.

Rinodina hufferiana Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1880 b) 18, (1890) 346 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 521. Lecanora hufferiana Stizenberger (1890) 212, no. 665

Rinodina sophodes var. ledienii Stein (1888) 141

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

369

Rinodina huillensis Wain.

Wainio (1901) 413 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 521.

Lecanora sophodes Nylander (1886) 514, non Ach.

on rocks near cataract, Ferrao de Lopollo, Welwitsch 46 pr. p., 50.

Rinodina microlepida Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1888) 206 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 528.

Lecanora microlepida Stizenberger (1890) 209, no. 646.

on non-calcareous rocks, near Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Rinodina oreina Mass.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 562.

Lecanora oreina Ach., Drège (1843) 86.

on rocks, Paarlberg, Drège.

Rinodina roboris Arn.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII 547.

Lecanora roboris Nylander (1869 a) 7 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 653.

Lecanora sophodes var. roboris Duf., Nylander (1869 a) 7.

on bark, Natal, Armstrong.

Rinodina sophodes Massal.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 549.

Lecanora sophodes Ach., Drège (1843) 85 : Stizenberger (1890) no. 657.

on bark and wood, near Lydenburg, Wilms ; Paarlberg, Drège.

Var. atroalbida (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII 552.

Lecanora sophodes var. atroalbida Nylander (1869 a) 7 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 647 ; Hue (1891) 56.

on rocks, Durban, Armstrong ; Transvaal, Wilms.

Rinodina teichophiloides (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII 557.

Lecanora teichophiloides Stizenberger (1890) 212, no. 669.

on quartzite rocks, near Muizenberg, MacOwan, Type.

PHYSCIACEAE

Anaptychia corallophora (Tayl.) Wain.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 275 (as Physcia corallophora (Tayl.) Wain.), Cat. Lich. VII : 718.

on bark, Grootrivier, Knysna, v. d. Byl 899.

Anaptychia granulifera Massal.

Wainio (1901) 409, (1915) 63 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 724.

Physcia hypoleuca var. granulifera Hue (1890) 317 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 430.

Physcia speciosa var. granulifera Tuck., Stirton (1877) 215.

South Africa, without locality

370

Anaptychia hypoleuca Massal.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 725.

Physcia hypoleuca Tuckerm., Stizenberger (1890) 179, no. 430.

Physcia speciosa var. hypoleuca Nylander (1860 a) 417 ; Stirton (1877) 215.

on bark, Boschberg. MacOwan (S. A. M. 46961).

Var. colorata Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner. Cat. Lich. VII : 726.

Pseudophyscia hypoleuca var. colorata Zahlbr., Steiner (1907) 641.

on bark, Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 985 pr. p.

Anaptychia leucomelaena (Linn.) Wain.

J. Müller-Arg. (1893 a) 510 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. V11 : 730.

Borrera leucomela Ach., Drège (1843) 133, 146.

Physcia leucomela Michx., Nylander (1860 a) 414, (1869 a) 6 ; Stirton (1877) 215; Stizenberger (1890) no. 425, (1895) no. 425.

Anaptychia leucomela Massalongo (1861) 48 ; van der Byl (1931) 16.

on tree trunks and branches, Boschberg, MacOwan, 126 ; Cape, Wawa ; Pondoland, Bachmann ; Rhodesia, Eyles 834 (v. d. Byl 559) ; on Acacia karroo Hayne, Kentani, Pegler 1233 (S.A. M. 46954) 128 ; Natal, Armstrong ; Mazoe, Eyles 471 (S.A. M. 26313) ; in a damp place in the forest, between “Gekau” and “Basche”, Drège ; Enon, Drège.

on mossy ground in Cave Mt., Graaff Reinet, McLea.

Var. angustifolia (Mey. & Flot.) Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, (1932) 275, Cat. Lich. VII : 730.

Physcia leucomela var. angustifolia Nylander (1860 a) 415 ; Crombie (1876 a) 170 ; Stizenberger. (1890) no. 425.

on bark, van Reenen's Pass, Brunnthaler ; on rind of Portulacaria afra Jacq., Uitenhage, Brunnthaler.

amongst mosses on the ground, Table Mt., Eaton.

Var. multifida f. squarrosa Wain.

Wainio (1901) 408.

on branches of trees, top of neck in mountains, Serra da Xella, Welwitsch 34.

Anaptychia obesa Zahlbr. f. caesiocrocata Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 734.

Physcia obesa Pers. f. caesiocrocata Nylander (1860 a) 418.

Physcia obesa f. tenuior Stizenberger (1890) no. 432.

Cape of Good Hope.

Anaptychia palpebrata Wain.

Zahlbruckner. Cat. Lich. VII : 734.

Physcia leucomela var. subcomosa Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 425.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Anaptychia podocarpa Massal.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 736.

Physcia podocarpa Nyl., Stizenberger (1890 & 1895) no. 426.

on bark, Cape, Zeyher ; Natal.

371

Anaptychia speciosa (Wulf) Massal.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 737 ; van der By-1 (1931) 16.

Physcia speciosa Nylander (1860 a) 416, (1869 a) 7 ; Stilton (1877) 215 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 429.

Parmelia speciosa Ach., von Flotow (1843) 27; Drège (1843) 155 ; Krauss (1846) 201.

Squamaria speciosa Frege, Massalongo (1861) 54.

amongst mosses, mixed with Parmelia sp., Cape, Wawa ; Natal, Armstrong ; near Constantia, Krauss ; between “Omtendo” and “Omsamculo”, Drège ; on trunk of Roystonea regia O. F. Cook, Berea, Durban, v. d. Byl 23, 24 (det. A. L. Sm.) ; Boschberg, MacOwan (S.A.M. 46960) ; on rock, Makoni, Eyles 834.

f. sorediosa Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 741.

Pseudophyscia speciosa f. sorediosa Müll.-Arg., Steiner (1907) 741.

on bark, Mt. Mamotsuiri, Junod 985 pr. p.

Var. esorediata Wain.

Wainio (1901) 409; van der Byl (1931) 16.

on trunks of trees, in high forest, Morro de Lopollo, Welwitsch 3.5 pr. p., 39 ; on branches of Royena sp., Howick, v. d. Byl 208 (det. Vain.).

Var. lobulifera Wain.

Wainio (1901) 409: Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 742.

on trunks of Parinarium sp., in high forest on mountain, Morro de Lopollo, Welwitsch 35 pr. p.

Physcia adglutinata Nyl.

Nylander (1860 a) 428 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 452; J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 296; Schinz (1905) 393 ; van der Byl (1931) 16 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 585.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms ; near Boroma, Menyharth 428 ; on tree trunk, Howick, v. d. Byl 217 pr. p. (det. Vain.) ; without locality, Pappe 8 (S.A. M. 46867).

Var. pyrithrocardia Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1880 b) 278, (1893 b) 296 ; Stizenberger (1895) no. 458 ; Schinz (1905) 393 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 588.

on bark, near Boroma, Menyharth 264 pr. p.

Physcia adscendens (Fr.) Oliv.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 274, Cat. Lich. VII : 588.

on branches, Stellenbosch, B. Slabbert (v. d. Byl 706).

Physcia aegiliata (Ach.) Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890 & 1895) no. 468 ; Hue (1890) 322 ; J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 296 ; Steiner (1897) 216: Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 580.

Physcia confluens Nylander (1860 a) 430.

on bark of trees, South Africa, Breutel ; near Boroma. Menyharth 251, 252,

257 ; Transvaal.

Physcia affixa Nyl.

Crombie (1876 a) 170, (1876 b) 19 ; Hue (1890) 321 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 461 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 589.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton, Type.

372

Physcia africana Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1880 a) 33 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 465 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 580.

on stones, near Lydenburg, Wilws.

Physcia aipolia Hampe

Stizenberger (1890) no. 444 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 590.

on bark, Cape, Drège ; Transvaal, Wilms.

Var. acrita Hue

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 593.

Physcia stellaris var. aipolia f. acrita Nyl., J. Müller- Arg. (1893 b) 296 ; Schinz (1905) 394.

on bark near Boroma, Menyharth 252, 265, 270.

Var. alnophila Wain.

van der Byl (1931) 16 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 594.

on trunk of Acacia saligna Wendl.. Hopefield, v. d. Byl 147.

Physcia applanata Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 581.

Physcia picta var. sorediata Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 296, (1879) 272, (1880) 33 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 464 ; Schinz (1905) 580.

on bark, near Boroma, Menyharth 263, 267 ; Transvaal, Wilms.

Physcia caesia (Hoffm.) Hampe

Stirton (1877) 215 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 448 ; van der Byl (1931) 16 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 600.

Palladia caesia Ach., Drège (1843) 141.

on stones, South Africa, without locality ; on concrete of gutter, Berea, Durban, v. d. Byl 42 (det. A. L. Stn.) ; “Glenfilling”, Drège.

Physcia clementiana Kickx

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 607.

Physcia astroidea Nyl., Stizenberger (1890) no. 446.

on bark, Cape, Zeyher.

Physcia crispa (Pers.) Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 438 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 611.

on bark, Lions Head, MacOwan.

f. melanophthalma Wain.

Wainio (1915) 67 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 274, Cat. Lich. VII : 612.

on bark of Quercus sp., Genadendal, Brunnthaler ; on branches, Victoria Falls, Brunnthaler.

Physcia dilatata Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 439 ; van der Byl (1931) 16 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 613.

on bark, Table Mt., MacOwan ; on trunk of Acacia mollissima Willd., Howick, v. d. Byl 197 (det. Vain.).

373

Physcia dimidiata Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 443 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 612.

on bark of pomiferous trees, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Physcia endochrysea Hampe

Stizenberger (1890) no. 453 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 614.

on bark, Table Mt., MacOwan.

Physcia endococcina (Körb.) Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 454 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 615.

on rocks, Cape, MacOwan.

Physcia erythrocardia Wain.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 581 ; van der Byl (1931) 17.

Physcia picta var. erythrocardia Tuck., Stizenberger (1890) 184, no. 464.

Physcia picta f. erythrocardia Stizenberger (1895) no. 464.

on branches, near Lydenburg, Wilms ; on trunk of Fluggea virosa Baill., Woodbush, (v. d. Byl 478, det. Vain.).

Physcia hispida (Schreb.) Frege

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 626.

Physcia tenella DC., van der Byl (1931) 17.

on branches of Quercus sp., Ceres, Leslie (v. d. Byl 447, det. Vain.).

Physcia integrata Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 440 ; van der Byl (1931) 17 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 636.

on bark, Transvaal, Wilms ; on Populus sp., Klapmuts, v. d. Byl 91 ; on Roystonea regia O. F. Cook, Durban, v. d. Byl 121 (det. Merl.).

Var. obsessa Wain.

van der Byl (1931) 17 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 636.

on tree trunk, Woodbush, v. d. Byl 497 (det. Vain.) 510, 518.

Physcia melanocarpoides Vain.

van der Byl (1931) 17, ? nom. nud.on granite rock, Matopos, v. d. Byl 160 (det. Vain.).

Physcia obscura Hampe

Stizenberger (1890) no. 450 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 653.

Parmelia obscura Fr., Drège (1843) 132, 159.

on bark and rocks, Samteesvlakte, Drège ; in bush, “auf der Höhe Omblas”, Drège.

Var. chloantha Rabenh.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 450 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 657.

on bark, Durban, Wilms.

Var. glaucovirens Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 274.

on trunks of trees, Knoetze, Knysna, v. d. Byl 656, Type.

374

Physcia ochroleuca Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 296 ; Stizenberger (1895) no. 463 bis ; Schinz (1905) 394; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 667.

on bark, near Boroma, Menyharth 256.

Physcia picta (Sw.) Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 464 ; J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 286 ; van der Byl

(1931)17 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 582.

? Parmelia formosa Fée var. latifolia von Flotow (1843) 27 ; Krauss (1846) 201.

on bark of trees, Table Mt. Wilms, Krauss ; near Lydenburg, Wilms ; near Boroma, Menyharth 466, 468 ; East London, Pegler (S.A. M. 46942) ; on trunk of Grevillia robusta Cunn., Bot. Gard., Durban, v. d. Byl 28 (det. A. L. Sm.) ; on trunk of Roystonea regia O. F. Cook, Durban, v. d. Byl 25 (det. A. L. Sm.) ; on trunk of Trichilia emetica Vahl, Berea, Durban, v. d. Byl 43 (det. A. L. Sm.).

f. isidiifera Nyl.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 584 ; (?) van der Byl (1931) 17, as f. isidiosa.

on trunk of Trichilia emetica Vahl., Berea, Durban, v. d. Byl 2 (det. A. L. Sm.).

Physcia pulverulenta (Schreb.) Hampe

Stizenberger (1890) no. 433 ; van der Byl (1931) 17 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 668.

on bark, Transvaal, Wilms ; on Acacia karroo Hayne, Kentani, Pegler 1228, 129 ; on trunk of Bauhinia variegata Linn., Bot. Gard., Durban, v. d. Byl 75 (det. A. L. Sm.).

Physcia setosa (Ach.) Nyl.

Nylander (1869 a) 7 ; Crombie (1876 a) 170 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 462 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 274, Cat. Lich. VII : 679.

on rocks, ground and bark, Transvaal, Rehmann, Wilms ; Durban, Armstrong ; Boschberg, MacOwan ; on rocks Table Mt., Eaton ; on bark, World's View, van Reenen's Pass, Brunnthaler.

f. deminuta Cromb.

Crombie (1876 a) 170 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 462 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich VII : 680.

on rocks, Table Mt., Eaton.

f. virella B. de Lesd.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 274, Cat. Lich. VII : 681.

on trunks of trees, Piquietberg, du Plessis (v. d. Byl 1036).

Physcia stellaris (Linn.) Nyl.

Nylander (1860 a) 424 ; van der Byl (1931) 17 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich.

VII : 681.

Parmelia stellaris Ach., Drège (1843) 132, 124, 138.

on branch of Punica granatum Linn., Hopefield, v. d. Byl 394 (det. Vain.) ; on trees and rocks, Samteesvlakte, Drège ; near Klein and Groot Vischrivier, Drège ; Hoffmanskloof, Drège ; without locality, Pappe 15 (S.A. M. 46872).

Physcia subpicta Nyl.

Crombie (1876 a) 171, (1876 b) 19 ; Hue (1890) 322 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 467 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 584.

on rock , Table Mt., Eaton, Type.

375

Physcia syncolla Nyl.

van der Byl (1931) 17 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 691.

on trunk of Bauhinia variegata Linn., Bot. Gard., Durban, v. d. Byl 74 (det. A. L. Sni.) ; on Euphorbia sp., Bot. Gard., Durban, v. d. Byl 11 (det. A. L. Sm..) ; on stem of shrub, Robertson, Bruwer (v. d. Byl 411, det. Vain.).

Physcia tribacoides Nyl.

Stizenberger (1890) no. 452: Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII: 696.

on sandstone rocks, on slopes of Lions Head, MacOwan.

Physcia venustula Stizenb.

Stizenberger (1890) 181, no. 449 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 700.

on bark of trees, near Durban, Wilms.

fide Stizenberger (1893) no. 449,”est Physcia speciosa var. dactyliza Nyl.”, a synonym for Anaptychia dactyliza Zahlbruckner, Cat.Lich. VII : 718.

Physcia zuluensis Vain.

van der Byl (1931) 17 ? nom. nud.

Zululand, Harris (v. d. Byl 231 pr. p., det. Vain.).

Pyxine cocoës (Sw.) Nyl.

Nylander (1869 a) 7 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 470 ; van der Byl (1931) 17 ; Zahlbbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 569.

on bark, Cape, Drège ; Natal, Armstrong ; Transvaal, Wilms ; on trunk of Citrus sp., Durban, v. d. Byl 1 (det. A. L. Sm.); on Euphorbia sp., Bot. Gard. Durban, v. d. Byl 9, (det. A. L. Sm.) ; on Commiphora caryaefolia Oliv., Berea, Durban, v. d. Byl 41 (det. A. L. Sm.) ; on Erythrina tomentosa R. Br., Marandellas, Eyles 3967 (v. d. Byl 553, det. Vain.).

on concrete of gutter, Berea, Durban, v. d. Byl 44 (det. A. L. Sm.).

Pyxine endoleuca (Müll.-Arg.)Vain.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 273, Cat. Lich. VII : 572.

Pyxine meissneri var. endoleuca Müll.-Arg., Stizenberger (1890) no. 469 ;

J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 297 ; Schinz (1905) 394 ; van der Byl (1931) 17.

on bark, Salisbury, Eyles (v. d. Byl 1000) ; near Boroma, Menyharth.

on rocks, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Pyxine eschweileri Wain.

van der Byl (1931) 17 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 572.

on Roystonea regia O. F. Cook, Durban, v. d. Byl 122 (det. Merrill).

Pyxine meissneri Tuckerm.

Nylander (1869 a) 7 ; Stizenberger (1890) no. 469 ; van der Byl (1931) 17 ; Zahlbruckner (1932) 273, Cat. Lich. VII : 572.

on bark of tree, Durban, Armstrong ; near Salisbury, v. d. Byl ; on trunk of Acrocomia sclerocarpa Mart., Bot. Gard., Durban, v. d. Byl 20 (det. A. L. Sm.) ; on Euphorbia sp., Bot. Gard., Durban, v. d. Byl 34 (det. A. L. Sm.) ; on Roystonea regia O.F. Cook, Durban, v. d. Byl 27 (det. A. L. Sm.).

Var. sorediosa Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1879) 290, (1893 b) 297, (1894) 262 ; Stizenberger (1895) no. 469 ; Schinz (1905) 394.

on bark, near Boroma, Menyharth 265, 447.

376

Var. subobscurans Malme

Wainio (1901) 412 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 573.

on living trunks of Apodytes dimidiata E. Mey., in high forest near Lopollo, Welwitsch 8 pr.p.

Pyxine petricola Nyl.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VII : 574.

on granite rock, Matopos, v. d. Byl 161 (det. Vain.).

Pyxine rhodesiaca Vain.

Lynge (1937) 90.

on Ficus sp., Salisbury, Eyles 39.53 (v. d. Byl 549, Type).