1. PYRENOCARPEAE

VERRUCARIACEAE

Staurothele clopima (Wahlbg.) Th. Fr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 164.

Verrucaria clopima Wahlbg., Stizenberger (1891) no. 1448.

on rocks, near Muizenberg, MacOwan.

Verrucaria erodens Müll-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1888) 208 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1457 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 39.

on non-calcareous rocks, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

Verrucaria microlepidea Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 198.

on schistose rocks, on neck near town, Worcester, Brunnthaler, Type.

Var. hilarior Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 198.

on rocks, Smitswinkel, v. d. Byl 1001, Type.

Verrucaria nigrescens Pers.

Drège (1843) 85 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 71.

on rocks, Paarlberg, Drège.

Verrucaria rebellans Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1936) 159.

on silicate rocks, The Heads, Knysna, v. d. Byl 921, Type.

Verrucaria viridula Ach.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 104.

Pyrenula tesselata Ach., Drège (1843) 80.

on rocks, du Toits Kloof, Drège.

DERMATOCARPACEAE

Dermatocarpon deserti Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1926 b) 468, Cat. Lich. VIII : 69.

on sandstone rocks, in bed of dry stream, Laingsburg, Brunnthaler, Type.

Dermatocarpon finckei Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1921) 224, (1926 b) 469, Cat. Lich, VIII : 69.

on mica flakes, Haifischinsel, off Lüderitzbucht, Fincke, Type.

Dermatocarpon hepaticum (Lam.) Th. Fr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 214.

Endocarpon hepaticum Ach., Crombie (1876 a) 180; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1433.

on ground, Cape, Zeyher ; Table Mt., Eaton.

226

Dermatocarpon peltatum (Tayl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 232.

Endocarpon peltatum Taylor (1847) 155 ; Nylander (1858 b) 16 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1442 ; Hue (1892) 105.

Endopyrenium peltatum (Tayl.) Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1888) 546.

on ground, nr. Zwartkops River, nr. Uitenhage, Zeyher, Type.

Endocarpon pusillum Hedw.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 246 ; van der Byl (1931) 6.

on sandstone rock, Durban, v. d. Byl 79 (det. A. L. Sm.).

Endocarpon vitellinum Sprengl.

Drège (1843) 52 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 251.

on stones, Witberg, Drège.

Normandina pulchella (Borr.) Nyl.

Nylander (1869 a) 14 ; Crombie (1876 a) 180 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1426; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 198.

on old Physcia and Jungermannia, Durban, Armstrong.

amongst mosses, associated with Sticta crocata (L.) Ach. and Pannaria rubiginosa (Thunb.) Del., Table Mt., Eaton, MacOwan.

PYRENULACEAE

Anthracothecium biferum Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 203.

on smooth bark of trees, nr. Grootrivier, Knysna, v. d. Byl 840, Type.

Anthracothecium duplicans (Nyl.) Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 460.

on bark, East London, H. A. Wager 7, 748.

Anthracothecium pyrenuloides (Mont.) Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 467.

Verrucaria pyrenuloides Nylander (1869 a) 15 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1513. Bottaria pyrenuloides Trevis., van der Byl (1931) 6.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong ; on bark of Calodendron capensis Thunb., Keurboomsrivier, v. d. Byl 283 (det. Vain.).

Anthracothecium thelemorphum (Wain.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 469.

Bottaria thelemorpha Wainio (1901) 452.

on branches of trees in mountains, Serra de Lopollo, Welwitsch 462.

Anthracothecium thwaitesii (Leight.) Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 469.

Bottaria thwaitesii (Leight.) Vain., van der Byl (1931) 6.

on tree trunk, Woodbush, v. d. Byl 506 (det. Vain.).

227

Anthracothecium variolosnm (Pers: apud Gaudich.) Müll.-Arg.. Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I: 469.

Verrucaria variolosa Mont., Stizenberger (1891) no. 1517.

on bark, near Maritzburg, Rehmann ; near Durban, Wilms.

Arthopyrenia alboatra (Krempelh.) Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1883) 306 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 318.

Verrucaria alboatra Krempelh., van der Byl (1931) 6.

on bark of Celtis kraussiana Bernh., Durban, v. d. Byl 169 (det. Vain.) ; on Chaetacme aristata Planch., Bot. Gard., Durban, v. d. Byl 73 pr. p., (det. A. L. Sm.) ; on Xylotheca kraussiana Hochst., Durban, v. d. Byl 172 (det. Vain.) ; on trunk of tree undet., Stella Bush, v. d. Byl 177 (det. Vain.).

Arthopyrenia capensis Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1921) 224, (1926 b) 470, Cat. Lich. VIII : 83.

on hard rocks, near high tide level, Camps Bay, Brunnthaler, Type.

Arthopyrenia cinchonae (Ach.) Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1883) 287 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 302.

Verrucaria cinchonae Acharius (1814) 90; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1545.

on bark, Cape, Drège ; Transvaal, Wilms.

Var. fumida (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 303.

Verrucaria cinchonae Ach. var. fumida Stizenberger (1891) 216, no. 1545.

on bark, Table Mt., MacOwan, Type.

Arthopyrenia fallax (Nyl.) Arn.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 304.

Verrucaria fallax Nyl., Stizenberger (1891) no. 1547.

on bark of trees, Table Mt., Wilms.

Arthopyrenia knysnana Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 200.

on bark of Acacia melanoxylon R. Br., nr. Knysna, v. d. Byl 916.

Arthopyrenia (?) leucanthes Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 324.

Verrucaria leucanthes Stirton (1877) 220.

on bark, Boschberg, MacOwan, Type.

Arthopyrenia norata Massal.

Massalongo (1861) 90 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 285.

on branches of trees, Cape, Wawra, Type.

Arthopyrenia paraphysata Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 200.

on bark of Podocarpus sp., Grootrivier, Knysna, v. d. Byl 900, Type.

Arthopyrenia pruinoso-grisea (Knight) Müll.-Arg.

van der Byl (1931) 6 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich, I : 311.

on trunk of Chaetachme aristata Planch., Stella Bush, v. d. Byl 63 (det. A. L. Sm.).

228

Arthopyrenia recepta Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1883) 306 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 325.

Sagedia alboatra Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1880 a) 42 (Exclus. synom.).

Verrucaria albo-atra Krempelh. var. recepta Stizenberger (1891) 211. no. 1492.

on dead and half decayed bark of palms, near Durban, Wilms.

Arthopyrenia simulans Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1887 a) 79 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 311.

Verrucaria simulans Stizenberger (1891) 217, no. 1551.

on bark, nr. Lydenburg, Wilms.

Clathroporina (?) locuples (Stizenb.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 418.

Verrucaria locuples Stizenberger (1891) 210, no. 1485.

on bark of a tree of the family Malvaceae, near Durban, Wilms.

Microthelia confluens Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1885) 333 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 258.

Verrucaria confluxa Stizenberger (1891) 217, no. 1555.

on bark, Cape.

Microthelia macrocarpoides Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 199.

on smooth bark of Olea sp., The Heads, Knysna, v. d. Byl 661, Type.

Microthelia micula Körb.

van der Byl (1931) 6 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 261.

on Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd., Berea, Durban v. d. Byl 4 (det. A. L. Sm.).

Microthelia uniserialis Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, (1932) 199.

on smooth bark, Garden of Eden, Knysna, v. d. Byl 869, Type.

Polyblastiopsis alba (Müll.-Arg.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 347.

Polyblastia alba Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1886) 318.

Verrucaria alba (Müll.-Arg.) Stizenberger (1891) 209, no. 1475.

on bark, nr. Lydenburg, Wilms (Lojka Lichenoth. Univ. 99), Type.

Polyblastiopsis transvaalensis (Müll.-Arg.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 353.

Polyblastia transvaalensis Müll.-Arg., J. Müller-Arg. (1887) 79. Verrucaria transvaalensis Stizenberger (1891) 209, no. 1476.

on bark, nr. Lydenburg, Wilms, Type.

Porina albella Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1887) 78 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I: 364.

Verrucaria albella Stizenberger (1891) 216, no. 1544.

on branches, near Lydenburg, Wilms.

229

Porina euryspermum Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 380.

Verrucaria eurysperma Stizenberger (1891) 210, no. 1480.

on quartzite rocks, associated with Caloplaca ferruginea Th. Fr., near Muizenberg, MacOwan.

Porina ferruginosa Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1886) 317 ; Zahlbruckner; Cat. Lich. I : 381.

Verrucaria ferruginosa Stizenberger (1891) 212, no. 1504.

on bark, nr. Lydenburg, Wilms (Lojka Lichenoth. Univ. 98), Type.

Porina knysnana Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 201 ; van der Byl (1931) 6.

on quartzite rocks, Knoetze, Knysna, v. d. Byl 637, Type.

Porina tetracerae (Afz.) Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 407.

Verrucaria tetracerae Afz., Nylander (1869 a) 15 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1502.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

Porina variegata Fée

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 409.

Verrucaria dissipans Nylander (1869 a) 15 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1503.

? as Porina dissipans Nyl., v. d. Byl (1931) 6.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong ; ? on tree trunk, Stella Bush, v. d. Byl 66 (det. A. L. Sm).

Pseudopyrenula papulosa (Nyl.) Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1883) 248 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 357.

Verrucaria papulosa Nyl., Stizenberger (1891) no. 1539.

on bark of a tree of the family Malvaceae, near Durban, Wilms.

Pyrenula aspistea (Afz.) Ach.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 201, Cat. Lich. I : 423.

Verrucaria aspistea Afz., Nylander (1869 a) 15 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1527.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong ; Hoofbos, Knysna, v. d. Byl 883 ; Grootrivier, Knysna, v. d. Byl 835.

Pyrenula cerina Eschw. f. expallens Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 201.

on bark, Palm Kloof, Victoria Falls, Brunnthaler, Type.

Pyrenula cinerea Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 202.

on bark of Ocotea bullata E. Mey., Garden of Eden, Knysna, v. d. Byl 867, Type.

Pyrenula emergens (Müll.-Arg.) Vain.

van der Byl (1931) 7 (not in Zahlbr. Cat. Lich.).

on tree trunk, Woodbush, v. d. Byl 523, (det. Vain.).

Pyrenula knightiana Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 433 ; van der Byl (1931) 6.

on tree trunk, Stella Bush, v. d. Byl 65 pr. p. (det. A. L. Sm.).

230

Pyrenula laevigata (Pers.) Arn. var. incusa (Flotow) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 436.

Verrucaria glabrata Ach. var. incusa Flotow (1843) 22 ; Krauss (1846) 200. Cape of Good Hope, without locality, Krauss, Type.

Pyrenula mamillana (Ach.) Trevis.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 436.

Verrucaria santensis Nyl., Stizenberger (1891) no. 1523.

on bark, Boschberg, MacOwan.

Pyrenula marginata Hook.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 438 ; van der Byl (1931) 6.

on trunk of Albizzia gummifera (Gmel.) C.A.Sm., Winkle Spruit, v. d. Byl 55 (det. A.L. Sm.) ; on tree trunk, Stella Bush, v. d. Byl 115 (det. Merrill).

Pyrenula mastophora (Nyl.) Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 438 ; van der Byl (1931) 6.

on tree trunk, Woodbush, v. d. Byl 482 (det. Vain.).

Pyrenula nitida (Schrad.) Ach.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 441.

Verrucaria nitida Schrad., Nylander (1869 a) 15 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1531.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong.

Pyrenula nitidella (Floerke) Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 201, Cat. Lich. 1 : 455 ; van der Byl (1931) 6.

Verrucaria nitida Ach. var. nitidella Floerke, v. Flotow (1843) 22 ; Krauss (1846) 200 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1531.

on bark, Cape, without locality, Krauss ; Transvaal, Wilms ; Cooney Glen, Knysna, v. d. Byl 660 ; on branches of Gymnosporia sp., The Heads, Knysna, v. d. Byl 934 ; on Xylotheca kraussiana Hochst., Durban, v. d. Byl 175 (det. Vain.).

Pyrenula obtecta Merrill

van der Byl (1931) 6, nom. nud.

on trunk of Strychnos sp., Bot. Gard., Durban, v. d. Byl 112 (det. Merrill).

Pyrenula pleiomeriza (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 450.

Verrucaria pleiomeriza Nylander (1895) 105.

on bark, Moçambique.

Pyrenula subducta (Nyl.) Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 453.

Verrucaria subducta Nylander (1869 a) 15 ; Stizenberger (1891) no. 1529.

on bark, Durban, Armstrong. .

Pyrenula subglabriuscula Vain. var. natalensis Vain.

van der Byl (1931) 6 (? Variety undescribed : for species, see Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 120.)

on tree trunk, Stella Bush, v. d. Byl 179 (det. Vain.)

231

Pyrenula transparens Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 202.

on smooth bark, Hoofbos, Knysna, v. d. Byl 880, Type.

Pyrenula wilmsiana Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1887) 70 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 456.

Verrucaria wilmsiana Stizenberger (1891) 214, no. 1526.

on bark, nr Lydenburg, Wilms.

TRYPETHELIACEAE

Melanotheca oculea Stiz.

Stizenberger (1891) 219, no. 1566 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 482.

on bark of a tree of the family Malvaceae, near Durban, Wilms.

Tomasellia africana Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 203.

on decorticated wood, Knysna, v. d. Byl 749, Type.

Trypethelium austro-africanum Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 205.

on bark of Podocarpus sp., near Knysna, v. d. Byl 918, Type.

Trypethelium eluteriae Spreng.

J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 299 ; Schinz (1905) 396 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 490.

Trypethelium sprengelii Ach., Stizenberger (1891 & 1895) no. 1572.

on bark, near Lydenlifirg, Wilms ; near Boroma, Menyharth 470.

Trypethelium phlyctaena Fée

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 498.

Trypethelium bicolor Taylor (1847) 157.

on bark, Howieson's Poort, near Grahamstown, Zeyher (Herb. Hook.).

PARATHELIACEAE

Pleurotrema trichosporum Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1887 a) 78 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 510.

Parathelium trichosporum Stizenberger (1891) 217, No. 1555.

Trichotrema trichosporum Clements (1909) 173 ; Clements & Shear (1931) 289.

on bark, Lydenburg, Wilms.

ASTROTHELIACEAE

Parmentaria capensis Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner (1932) 205 ; van der Byl (1931) 6.

on bark of trees undet., Knoetze, Knysna, v. d. Byl 674, Type ; Kidd's Beach, Schaefer, 1748.

STRIGULACEAE

Strigula actinoplacoides Vain.

Vainio (1926) 32 ; van der Byl (1931) 6 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. VIII : 602. on leaves of evergreen tree, near Barberton, Thorncroft (v. d. Byl 333), Type.

232

Strigula africana Vain.

Wainio (1901) 537 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 537, VIII : 143.

Var. natalensis Vain (? nom. nud.) van der Byl (1931) 6.

on leaves of Cryptocarya sp., Howick, v. d. Byl 214.

Strigula argyronema Müll.-Arg.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 537.

Strigula nemathora Mont., in Herb. van der Byl.

on leaves, Barberton, Thorncroft (v. d. Byl 233, det. Vain.).

Strigula complanata (Fée) Nyl.

Nylander (1858 b) 65 ; Stizenberger (1891) No. 1562 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I: 537.

on living leaves of tree, Cape, Gueinzius, MacOwan ; on leaves of Scutia myrtina (Burm.) Kurz., Durban, Medley Wood (Herb. Kalchbr.) ; on leaves of Magnolia grandiflora Linn., without locality, MacOwan (Herb. Kalchbr.) ; on Schmidelia sp., Kentani, Pegler 2419, (S.A. M. 46952).

Var. virescens (Kunze) Nyl.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 538.

Strigula virescens (Kunze) Trevis., Stizenberger (1891) 218, No. 1563.

on leaves of Thea sinensis var. viridis Pierre and other plants, Natal, Medley Wood (Herb. Kalchbr. as MacOwan 4) ; Inanda, Medley Wood, (MacOwan 12, in Herb. Kalchbr.).

Strigula elegans (Fée) Müll.-Arg.

van der Byl (1931) 6 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 538.

on leaves of Chaetachme aristata Planch., Maritzburg, v. d. Byl 60 (det. A.L.Sm.) ; Cola natalensis Oliv., Bluff, Durban, v. d. Byl 38 (det. A.L.Sm.) ; Persea americana Mill., Berea, Durban, v. d. Byl 30 (det. A.L.Sm.) ; on leaves of tree undet., Durban, v. d. Byl 61 (det. A.L.Sm.).

Strigula (?) pallida Kalchbr.

in Herb.Lojka ; Stizenberger (1891) No. 1564.

on leaves of Cynodon sp., Cape, MacOwan 1329 ('’Hymenium vetustate depravatum ' Nyl. in litt.; Herb., Kalchbr.).

PYRENIDIACEAE

Placothelium staurothelioides Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 299 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I 544 ; Stizenberger (1895) No. 1447bis ; Schinz (1905) 396.

on non-calcareous rocks, near Boroma, Menyharth.

MYCOPORACEAE

Dermatina pyrenocarpa (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 550.

Mycoporum pycnocarpum Nyl., J. Müller-Arg. (1893 b) 299, (1894) 290 ; Stizenberger (1895) No. 1589bis ; Schinz (1905) 396.

on bark, near Boroma, Menyharth.

233

Mycoporellum lahmii Müll.-Arg.

J. Müller-Arg. (1887 a) 78 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. I : 555.

Mycoporum lahmii Stizenberger (1891) 221, No. 1592.

Chlorodothis lahmii Clements (1909) 173 ; Clements & Shear (1931) 296.

on bark, near Lydenburg, Wilms.