12. HELOTIALES

DERMATEACEAE

Angelina nigro-cinnabarina Berk. & Curt.

von Thuemen (1878 a) 356.

on bark of living trees, Somerset East, MacOwan 1265.

Belonidium capense (Kalchbr. & Cooke) Sacc.

Saccardo, Syll. Fung., VIII : 503.

Helotium capense Kalchbrenner & Cooke (1880) 25 ; Kalchbrenner (1882 a) 144.

on decaying wood, Inanda, Medley Wood 180, 520, 531, 9469, 10403, 10404, 11142, Kew ; Somerset East, MacOwan.

Bulgariastrum africanum Syd.

H. & P. Sydow (1915 b) 42 ; Doidge (1948 a) 875.

on Capparis rudatisii Gilg. & Ben., Friedenau, Natal, Rudatus 1388, Type ; Somerset East, MacOwan 1273 b, 20814 ; East London, Doidge, 12395.

See also the conidial form of this fungus, Oncospora viridans Kalchbr. & Cooke.

220

Bulgariastrum bullatum Doidge

Doidge (1948 a) 875.

on Capparis citritolia Lam., Langholm Estates, Doidge, 12350, Type.

See also the conidial form of this fungus, Oncospora bullata Kalchbr. & Cooke.

Dermatea rufa Cooke

Cooke (1879 b) 72 ; Kalchbrenner & Cooke (1880) 25 ; Sacc. Syll. Fung.

VIII : 555.

on bark, Natal, Medley Wood 400, Type, Kew.

Fabraea litigiosa (Desm.) Sacc.

Saccardo, Syll. Fung. VIII : 735.

Phacidium litigiosum Desm., Kalchbrenner & Cooke (1880) 26 ; Kalchbrenner (1882 a) 145.

Pseudopeziza ranunculi Fuck. f. ranunculi-pinnati von Thuemen (1877) 409.

on Ranunculus pubescens Thunb., Boschberg, MacOwan 1281 (Thuem. Myc. Univ. 916 ; S.A. M. 33420) 20835, 21973.

Fabraea maculata Atks.

Doidge & Bottomley (1931) 35, 54.

See Entomosporium maculatum Lév., the perfect stage of this fungus has not been found in South Africa.

Mollisia aquosa Phill.

on dead wood, Kenilworth, H. H. W. Pearson.

Mollisia cinerea (Batsch ex Fr.) Karst.

Sacc. Syll. Fung. VIII : 336 ; Lloyd (1917 a) L. 66 : 3.

Peziza (Mollisia) cinerea Batsch. ex Fr., Kalchbrenner (1882 a) 144.

on dead leaves under shrubs, Boschberg, MacOwan 1098, 20803.

Mollisia subgilva Kalchbr. & Cooke

Kalchbrenner & Cooke (1880) 25 ; Kalchbrenner (1882 a) 144 ; Sacc. Syll. Fung. VIII : 338.

on rotten wood, Somerset East, MacOwan R 22A, Type, Kew

Naevia rotundata Wain.

Wainio (1901) 450 ; Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. II : 107.

on Zygophyllum orbiculatum Welw., on stems, near Mossamedes, Welwitsch 423.

Pseudopeziza medicaginis (Lib.) Sacc.

Burtt Davy (1904) 296 ; Eyles (1926) 641 ; Verwoerd (1929 b) 16, (1931 a) 299 ;

Doidge & Bottomley (1931) 35 ; Hopkins (1938 a) 104, (1939 a) 26.

on Medicago sativa Linn., Pretoria, L. Turner, 6934, Pole Evans, 263, Bottomley, 25465 ; Skinner's Court, 32 ; Groenkloof, Pole Evans, 8937 ; Pyramids, Mogg, 32695 ; Hennops River, Doidge, 2037 ; Warmbaths, 168 ; Potchefstroom, 156 ; Grahamstown, Mally, 21988 ; Tulbagh, 1877, Verwoerd (Stell. 119) ; Robertson, Lounsbury, 689 ; Baakens River Valley, K. M. Putterill, 28531 ; Oudtshoorn, Stellenbosch, Verwoerd ; Lidgetton, Fannin, 31947 ; Bloemfontein, Potts, 11309, Verwoerd ; Salisbury, Eyles, (Rh. 637).

221

Pseudopeziza trifolii (Biv.-Bern.) Fuck.

Doidge & Bottomley (1931) 19.

? on Trifolium sp., Lydenburg, Pons, 32385.

ORBILIACEAE.

Hyalinia crystallina (Quél.) Boud.

? on rotting pine cone, near Rhodes Memorial, Groot Schuur, Stephens, 27279.

Calloriopsis gelatinosa (Ell. & Mart.) Syd.

on Meliola rhoina Doidge on Rhus longispina, Grahamstown, Hansford, 33488.

Orbilia rubella (Pers.) Karst.

Peziza (Mollisia) rubella Pers., Kalchbrenner (1882 a) 144.

Somerset East, MacOwan 1414, Kew.

Orbilia xanthostigma Fr.

on fallen trunks of trees in forest, Boschberg, MacOwan 1161 (S.A. M. 35256).

HYALOSCYPHACEAE

Solenopezia columbina (Kalchbr. & Cooke) Sacc.

Saccardo, Syll, Fung. VIII : 478.

Peziza (Dasyscypha) columbina Kalchbr. & Cooke, Kalchbrenner (1882 a) 144.

on bark, Somerset East, MacOwan.

HELOTIACEAE

Cenangium pelidnum (Kalchbr. & Cooke) Sacc.

Saccardo, Syll. Fung. VIII : 562.

Dermatea pelidna Kalchbrenner & Cooke (1880) 25 ; Kalchbrenner (1882 a) 145. on decorticated branches, Boschberg, MacOwan 16, Kew.

Chlorociboria aeruginosa (Oed.) Seaver

Chlorosplenium aeruginosum de Not., von Thuemen (1876 b) 363 ; Kalchbrenner, (1882 a) 145 ; Sacc. Syll. Fung. VIII : 315.

Helotium aeruginosum Fr., von Thuemen l.c.

on fallen branches, Boschberg, MacOwan 1016 (S.A. M. 33385) 20839, Kew ; Juanasberg, Saxton, 27662 ; Insekeni, D.F.O., 6959 ; Town Bush Valley, Rump 99, 28479 ; Town Bush, Rump, 28671 ; Xumeni Forest, Morgan & Doidge, 30271 ; Woodbush, Doidge, 28820, Wager, 23614 ; Eshowe, Laughton, 33348 ; Haenertsburg (T.R.L. 279).

Dasyscypha calyculaeformis (Schum.) Rehm

Sacc. Syll. Fung. VIII : 454.

Peziza calyculaeformis Schum., Kalchbrenner (1882 a) 144.

on old wood, Somerset East, MacOwan 1126 c.

Dasyscypha lachnoderma (Berk.) Rehm

Sacc. Syll. Fung. VIII : 433.

Peziza (Dasyscypha) lachnoderma Berk., Kalchbrenner (1882 a) 144.

on bark, Somerset East, MacOwan 1126, Kew, Tuck 112 b; ? Natal, Medley Wood 156, 194, Kew.

222

Eubelonis ocoteae v. d. Byl

van der Byl (1926 b) 284 ; Nel (1942) 14.

on Ocotea bullata E. Mey., on bark, Main Forest, Knysna, J. Phillips (v. d. Byl 2243) 18150.

Gorgoniceps kuitoënsis P. Henn.

P. Hennings (1903) 167 ; Sacc. Syll. Fung. XVIII : 112.

on Monotes africanus A.DC., on the Kuito River, between Kutue and Sobi, Baum 769, Kew.

Helotium claro-flavum ( Grev.) Berk.

Kalchbrenner (1882 a) 145 ; Medley Wood (1898) 17 ; Sacc. Syll. Fung. VIII : 225.

on bark, Natal, Medley Wood 178.

Helotium conformatum Karst.

Kalchbrenner (1882 a) 145 ; Sacc. Syll. Fung. VIII : 211.

on dry leaves, Somerset East, MacOwan 1098, ? 1126, Kew.

Helotium epiphyllum (Pers.) Fr.

Kalchbrenner (1882 a) 145 ; Sacc. Syll. Fung. VIII : 227.

on decaying leaves, Somerset East, MacOwan.

Helotium ferrugineum (Schum.) Fr.

Sacc. Syll. Fung. VIII : 233.

Peziza ferruginea (Schum.) Fr., Kalchbrenner & Cooke (1880) 25 ; Kalchbrenner (1882 a) 145.

on twigs, Somerset East, MacOwan 22, 1126 b.

Helotium scutellatum Kalchbr. & Cooke

Cooke (1891 a) 72 ; Sacc. Syll. Fung. X : 8.

on dead coriaceous leaves, Cape, MacOwan 1098, Kew.

Ombrophila nigrescens P. Henn.

Lloyd (1917 a) L. 66 : 13.

Knysna, Duthie 197.

Sclerotinia fructicola (Wint.) Rehm

(?) Monilia form only.

on Prunus persica Sieb. & Zucc., on fruit, Pretoria, Doidge, 8870 ; Krugersdorp, 31038.

Prunus salicina Lindl., Brooklyn, Pretoria, Doidge.

Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib.) de Bary

du Plessis (1935) 238 ; Dippenaar (1931 a) 3.

? as Sclerotium sp., Verwoerd (1929 b) 6.

isolated from

Brassica oleracea Linn. var. botrytis Linn., Mossel Bay, Jordaan, 33984.

Citrus limonia Osbeck, fruit, Cape Town, 30369.

Citrus maxima Merr., fruit from Sundays River.

Lactuca sativa Linn., south-western Cape, Dippenaar.

Lupinus angustifolius Linn., stems, Stellenbosch, Dippenaar (Stell. 540) 33917. Matthiola incana R. Br., Stellenbosch, Dippenaar.

Prunus armeniaca Linn., twigs and fruit, south-western Cape, du Plessis ; Stellenbosch, Astor, 21046 ; Tulbagh, Banhoek, Elsenburg, Verwoerd.

Salvia splendens Ker., south-western Cape, Dippenaar.

223

Naemacyclus niveus (Pers. ex Fr.) Sacc.

van der Byl (1929 b) 103 ; Doidge & Bottomley (1931) 50 ; Nel (1942) 26.

on Pinus thunbergiii Parl., Irene, Doidge, 2262.

Pinus spp., Cape Town, Stellenbosch, v. d. Byl 878, Verwoerd (Stell. 25).

Stictis bella Kalchbr. & Cooke

Kalchbrenner & Cooke (1880) 25 ; Kalchbrenner (1882 a) 145 ; Sacc. Syll. Fung. VIII : 684.

on branches, Boschberg, MacOwan 1288a, 1090, Kew.

Stictis radiata Pers. ex Fr.

Kalchbrenner & Cooke (1880) 26 ; Kalchbrenner (1882 a) 145 ; Sacc. Syll. Fung. VIII : 682.

on Citrus sinensis Osbeck, dead twigs, Mazoe, Bates, 33584 ; Maritzburg, Wager, 33766.

on fallen branches, Boschberg, MacOwan 1288, 1040, 1356 (S.A. M. 33442).

Stictis thelotremoides Phill.

Kalchbrenner & Cooke (1880) 25 ; Kalchbrenner (1882 a) 145 ; Sacc. Syll. Fung. VIII : 687.

on branches, Boschberg, MacOwan 76, 1356, Kew.

GEOGLOSSACEAE

Leotia elegantula Kalchbr.

Kalchbrenner (1882 a) 143 ; Sacc. Syll. Fung. VIII : 611.

on ground, Somerset East, MacOwan 1310.

Trichoglossum hirsutum (Pers.) Boud.

amongst grass in marsh, Sabie, J. M. Sim, 8827 ; Woodbush (T.R.L. 280 a).

PATELLARIACEAE

Abrothallus parmeliarum (Sommerf.) Nyl.

Nylander (1889 a) 12 ; Vouaux (1913) 464.

Lecidea parmeliarum Sommerf., Stizenberger (1891) no. 1204.

on Sticta aurata (Sm. & Sow.) Ach., Durban, Armstrong.

Celidium stictarum (de Not.) Tul.

Vouaux (1914) 168.

on Lobaria pulmonaria Hoffm. f. pleurocarpa Crombie, on tree trunks, Boschberg, MacOwan (Lichen 150).

Mycobilimbia acervata (Stiz.) Vouaux

Vouaux (1913) 439 ; Sacc. Syll. Fung. XXIV : 1289.

Lecidea acervata Stizenberger (1891) no. 1208.

on Parmelia subcaperatula Nyl, on thallus, Krügerspost, nr. Lydenburg , Wilms.

Mycobilimbia quaternella (Nyl.) Vouauxs forma

Vouaux (1913) 440 ; Sacc. Syll. Fung. XXIV : 1289.

Opegrapha quaternella Nyl. f. congesta Stiz.

on Pertusaria sp., on thallus, on rocks near Muizenberg, MacOwan.

224

Nesolechia perforans (Stiz.) Vouaux

Vouaux (1913) 406.; Sacc. Syll. Fung. XXIV : 1274.

Lecidea perforans Stizenberger (1891) no. 1202.

on Parmelia perforata (Wulf) Ach., on thallus, near Lydenburg, MacLea.

Patellaria atrata (Hedw.) Fr.

on Acacia karroo Hayne, on living bark, Boschberg, MacOwan 1058 (S.A. M. 33426).

Phycopsis africana Syd.

H. Sydow (1926) 265 ; van der Byl (1929 b) 104 ; Nel (1942) 10.

on Pterocelastrus tricuspidatus Sond., Plettenberg Bay, v. d. Byl 2298 ; The Heads, Knysna, v. d. Byl 2490.

Tryblidaria breutelii Rehm

Rehm (1903) (173) ; Sacc. Syll. Fung. XVIII : 186.

on Sterculia sp.; on bark, Bethany Mission, S. Jau, Breutel.

Tryblidaria capensis (Stiz.) Vouaux

Vouaux (1914) 138 ; Sacc. Syll. Fung. XIV : 1293.

Arthonia capensis Stizenberger (1891) no. 1396.

on Lecidea callaina Stiz., on thallus, near Cape Town, Lions Head, MacOwan.

Tryblidiella rufula (Spreng. ex Fr.) Sacc.

Saccardo, Syll. Fung. II : 757 ; Wakefield (1936) 53 ; Doidge (1941 b) 215. Tryblidium rufulum Spreng., Kalchbrenner & Cooke (1880) 26 ; Kalchbrenner, (1882 a) 145.

on dead branches, Somerset East, MacOwan 1262, 1264, 1265, 1339, Kew ; Witte Rivier, at Dunbrody, Hoeg 97 ; Belfast, Doidge, 995 ; Woodbush, K. M. Putterill, 31035.

Woodiella natalensis Sacc. & Syd.

P. Sydow (1899 a) (133) ; Medley Wood (1898) 15 ; Sacc. Syll. Fung. XVI : 794.

on Pavetta revoluta Hochst., on dying leaves, near Durban, Medley Wood 6451, 339, 9475.