The Aphyllophoraceous fungi I
Keys to the species of the Thelephorales

J.A. Stalpers
Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures,
P.O. Box 273, 3740 AG Baarn
The Netherlands

 

Abstract

Nomenclature and taxonomy of the genera of the Thelephorales are briefly discussed. Characters used to separate genera are analysed and the status of several segregates from Tomentella is discussed; Tomentellastrum and Lazulinospora are not recognized here at the generic level. Descriptive keys to the species are given. The concept of species complexes is used here to indicate groups of species that are closely related and which may need critical examination to re-establish their specific status. It is considered likely that many of these taxa should be distinguished at an infraspecific level. An annotated list of all species described in the genera of the Thelephorales (incl. synonyms) is given.

 

Introduction

This study is the first in a planned series on Aphyllophorales, aimed at making this group more accessible by presenting keys with short descriptions and relevant literature. There is also a brief evaluation of characters, notes on taxonomy, ecology and nomenclature, and a list of species described in the treated genera. It is not a revision and much less a monograph, although it contains some new data.
     The core of the order Thelephorales consists of species with pigmented, ornamented, non-amyloid spores with a large apiculus; the spores may be irregular or lobed and the ornamentation is formed by the entire cell wall and not by the outer layers only. However, some characters are fading or disappearing in the more marginal groups. The Thelephorales as accepted here do not deviate much from Patouillard's (1900) classical concept of the Série des Phylactéries. [p. 4]
     The name Tomentella first occurred in Persoon (1799: 18B19) as an infrageneric name under Corticium, with two species: Corticium ferrugineum and C. chalibaeum (sic). In 1801 he used it at the species level, but only to indicate Tomentella chalybaea (as such!) as the basionym of Thelephora chalybaea (Pers.) Pers. The name was also mentioned by Fries (1832) at the generic level in the index only (as a synonym) but validly published only by Patouillard (1887), who accepted the taxon in the sense of Persoon, as he cited it with Persoon's name in brackets. I fail to understand Donk's (1957) reasons to omit the name 'Persoon' from the author citation. However, the oldest name for the genus is Odontia Pers. (Persoon, 1794), with the type species O. ferruginea Pers. (a synonym of Tomentella crinalis ). Thus the adoption of 1753 as starting point for fungal nomenclature has removed one synonym ( Alytosporium Link, against which Tomentella already has been conserved), but added Odontia against which Tomentella yet has to be conserved. This interpretation of Odontia Pers. was accepted by the French school: Quélet (1886) characterized the genus as having resupinate, effused basidiomes and aculeate or echinulate spores; his first group contained the brown species. The Scandinavian school used the genus for resupinate species with hyaline spores: Odontia Fr. 1835 however has no priority under the current Code.
     Since Patouillard, many researchers have contributed to the knowledge of the resupinate Thelephorales: Burt (1916, sub Hypochnus ), Bourdot & Galzin (1924, 1928), Litschauer (1939, 1941), Wakefield (1917, 1966, 1969), Svrček (1960) and particularly Larsen (1965, 1966, 1968, 1971, 1974).
     Thelephora has been interpreted in various ways. It has been used for stipitate stereoid fungi (incl. a number of true Thelephorae ) by e.g. Persoon (1801), who separated the clavarioid members under Merisma (substantia et natura Thelephorae ). Patouillard (1900) distinguished between the hyaline, smooth and brown ornamented spores species, but used Phylacteria for the current concept of Thelephora ). The genus was recently monographed by Corner (1968).
     The stipitate hydnoid species have always received much attention from the days of Quélet and Karsten through Banker (1906, 1913a, 1913b, 1913c), Miller & Boyle (1942) and Coker & Beers (1951) to Hall & Stuntz (1972a, 1972b, 1972c), Maas Geesteranus (1956, 1957, 1958, 1971, 1975), Nikolajeva (1961), Harrison (1961, 1968) and Baird (1986a, 1986b).
     The keys are dichotomous and contain first the discriminating characters, followed by an indented short description. In case of species complexes or species with a large set of characters in common, the descriptive part may be found one or two entries before the entry with the actual name, references and synonyms. All keys are newly designed. It is recommended to check the results with the literature mentioned, as the descriptions there are bound to be more complete, and illustrations often say more than words. Distribution data are not given here. These are considered unreliable in keys and even downright misleading. Many areas are virtually terra incognita as far as fungi are concerned, and many taxa are only known from one or two localities. It is also not uncommon, that the second record of a taxon is from another continent. Ecological data (including temperature zones) [p. 5] are considered much more valuable, but unfortunately such data are too often lacking

Finally there is a nomenclator of the species described in the genera of the Thelephorales and their synonyms. It is derived from the CBS database on Aphyllophorales, which is being compiled from the world literature and contains at the moment over 21.000 names; it is available to scientists, who should contact CBS. The nomenclator contains the species name, authors, year of publication, nomenclatural status, the basionym, some taxonomic or nomenclatural remarks and the basionym of the correct name, followed by the genus in which the taxon currently is classified. It is realized, that the list is not complete, but it is judged to contain sufficient data to be useful.

 

Methods

Microscopic slides were examined in water, 2%, 5% and 10% KOH, Melzer's reagent and cotton blue in lactic acid. Electron microscopy was performed with a JEOL 85A according to the methods described in Samson et al. (1979). The spores were revived in Lipsol for 48 h.

 

Macroscopic characters

1. Basidiome
The basidiome displays a tremendous variation in shape. It may be resupinate (e.g. Tomentella ), effused-reflexed (e.g. Thelephora pseudoterrestris ), apodal pileate and spathulate to flabellate (e.g. Thelephora aurantiotincta ) or spiculose (e.g. Thelephora penicillata ), pleuropodal pileate with an unilaterally developed pileus ( Thelephora fucoides ) and mesopodal, which can be imbricate-spathulate to infundibuliform ( Thelephora caryophyllea, Phellodon niger, Polyozellus multiplex ), more or less agaricoid ( Sarcodon imbricatus, Boletopsis leucomelaena ) or clavarioid ( Thelephora anthocephala, Th. palmata, Th. scissilis ). Corner (1968) discussed the various types of basidiome in detail for Thelephora, where most of the variation is found; this need not be repeated here. Harrison (1971) and Baird (1986b) correctly observed, that species of Bankera and Sarcodon were much more regular than those of Hydnellum and Phellodon. This is a general rule for species with inflated hyphae (e.g. Boletopsis subg. Boletopsis, Thelephora subg. Sarcothelephora, or, outside the order, Albatrellus ), while those with uninflated hyphae are much more indeterminate ( Thelephora, Boletopsis subg. Boletopsina ).

2. Abhymenial surface
The abhymenial surface is the part of the basidiome that is exposed, bears hymenial structures on the opposite side, but is not covered by these itself and does not [p. 6] belong to the very margin. It is hardly ever glabrous when young, but may become so during the development. It may be velutinous, tomentose, strigose; when strigose it may become organized in squamules or, especially in the basal parts, spiculose.

3. Hymenial surface
The hymenial surface may be smooth, warted, papillate, hydnoid, irpicoid, poroid, irregularly lamellate or provided with ridges. In many resupinate hypochnoid species it is not even completely continuous. Although some authors also include species with agaricoid lamellae, this is not accepted here.

4. Trama (hymenophoral and pileal)
A difference is made between the hymenophoral trama and the pileus and/or stipe trama. In case of resupinate species, everything between the substratum and the subhymenium is considered hymenophoral, except when a distinct layer parallel to the substratum is present, which may be homologous to a pileus trama. In non-resupinate species the trama of spines, dissepiments etc. is considered hymenophoral, together with the often poorly delimited downmost layer of the pileus.
     There are two basically different ways to come to a relatively large and firm basidiome: the tough type with strongly interwoven thick-walled hyphae and the fleshy one in which inflated hyphae constitute a substantial part of the trama. Both types occur in the Thelephorales: the tough type in Hydnellum, Phellodon and Thelephora, and the fleshy one in Bankera, Boletopsis, Sarcodon and a single species of Thelephora.
     The pileus and stipe trama is sometimes duplex, due to a different compactness and sometimes also a different direction of the constituting hyphae. Zonations may also be present; these may be caused by either a more abundant concentration of ectracellular pigment or more compactly arranged hyphae.
     The hymenophoral trama of spines, teeth, pores or lamellae is of the trametoid type (Reijnders & Stalpers, 1992), thus consisting of a sterile column on which the hymenium develops laterally and the apex remains sterile.
     Hyphal strands or cordons consist of parallelly arranged generative and sometimes also skeletal hyphae. There is no differentiation in medulla and cortex. Hyphal strands are found in, for example, Hydnellum, Thelephora and Tomentella.

5. Colour
The Thelephorales are a relatively colourful order, and of course differences in colour have been used as the main distinguishing character in species delimitation. However, to assess the reliability of this procedure, it is essential to understand the variation of the colour both in time (development, ageing, drying) and under different environmental conditions (substratum, ectomycorrhizal partner, pH of environment, exposition). If there is more than one component responsable for the colour, then both the ratio of these components and their (in)stability during drying and storage may cause a range of colour changes. [p. 7]
     The colour is often determined by derivatives of thelephoric acid. Thelephoric acid has been demonstrated for a considerable number of species of the genera Hydnellum, Polyozellus, Sarcodon and Thelephora and is sometimes considered as characteristic of the Thelephorales; however, it has also been isolated from Punctularia and Trametes (Turner, 1971; Thomson, 1971). The actual form in which it exists in the basidiome is uncertain (Thomson, 1971). Thelephoric acid is a terphenylquinone (diphenylbenzoquinone) of the shikimic acid pathway. It is relatively easy to extract from fungal material although the pure pigment in insoluble in most solvents, which suggests that it exists in a different form in vivo, or is extracted as a mixture with other materials. For example, cycloleucomelone (isolated from Boletopsis together with a whole series of derivatives) and cyclovariegatin (red needles) are unstable and convert into thelephoric acid. Related compounds are atrotomentin, hydnuferrugin (dark violet) and hydnuferruginin (yellow), all demonstrated for Hydnellum ferrugineum, and ascocorynin (green needles, turning red in organic solvents and violet in KOH). Atrotomentin is easily converted into gyroporin, which is responsible for the blue discoloration of Gyroporus cyanescens. Finally Neveu et al. (1974) demonstrated that the blue pigment in Terana (Pulcherricium) caerulea (Schrader: Fr.) O. Kuntze is a mixture of polymers composed of thelephoric acid-type quinones and hydroquinones methylated to various degrees.
     Considering this, it seems safe to conclude that the colour in the Thelephorales is based on a mixture of partly instable components; it is also safe to assume, that the ratio of these components depends on both developmental and environmental conditions. There are indications that for example Tomentella ferruginosa on calcareous soil is more green than on acid soils. The final conclusion is, that it is not safe to delimit species on differences in colour only.

     The description of a freshly collected specimen is generally only based on the situation at that very moment. Sometimes there are annotations on a population, and very rarely a specimen or populations are followed over their full developmental period. Consequently the reconstruction of the colour variability is often based on colour changes during drying and comparison of various specimens (provided that they have been recognized as belonging to that particular species). The herbarium taxonomist often has to rely on minimal annotations and - in the case of type or authentic material - on the original diagnosis. In several cases neglect to trust the original diagnosis has resulted in a failure to recognize material and thus to erroneous species concepts. For example, Larsen (1974) described Hypochnus schmoranzeri Bres. (sub Tomentella ) as 'medium to dull brown', while Bresadola (1926) clearly stated 'atro-violacea, aetate fere nigro' (dark violaceous, becoming nearly black). In the same publication Larsen, who studied the type material, described Hypochnus coeruleus (sub Tomentella ) as 'pinkish buff to buff', although Bresadola (1903) described it as 'atrocoeruleus, tincture saepe subaeruginea' (dark blue with greenish tinges) and in a note compared it with Terana (Corticium) caerulea, which has a deep bluish colour.

     In general, specimens tend to become much paler after drying and/or during prolonged storage, from violaceous to pale drab to pale brown, or from olivaceous [p. 8] to pale greyish to buff or from blue-grey to buff, indicating instable coloured metabolites. Also discoloration may start in the (sub)hymenium and progress towards the subiculum.
     Another remarkable variation are colour shifts, distinct changes in colour in the same species. A typical example is Sporotrichum azureum v. Arx, which is azure blue when grown in the dark, but becomes ochraceous when exposed to daylight. Similar colours are noted for different species of Byssocorticium Bond. & Sing. ex Sing. In the Thelephorales colour shifts are also known: Tomentellopsis echinospora is predominantly yellowish green, but often has pale reddish spots; T. submollis is yellowish brown and may have reddish parts; Pseudotomentella mucidula is buff to pale brown and has pinkish parts; Tomentella punicea is sepia-brown, but sometimes dull green; the red-brown T. rubiginosa has a yellow-green to olive counterpart in T. atrovirens ; T. bicolor is pale yellow to reddish brown, but locally bluish green, T. ferruginea is described as brown, but is more generally greenish and T. griseoviolacea is normally grey-brown to black-brown, but some parts are dull grey-blue. There seems to be a shift from red to blue (or vice versa): pink to yellow-green, sepia to bluish green, purplish brown to dull green, red-brown to olive.
     Now these cases have been recognized, but there are also a number of species characterized by reddish tinges that are similar to bluish green species in all other respects. The bluish green Pseudotomentella griseopergamacea is very close to the brownish black P. atrofusca, as is the greyish green to olive-brown Tomentella viridula to the pinkish buff to dull brown T. clavigera, the dull brown to olivaceous T. donkii to the grey to pinkish buff T. cinerascens, the fuligineous to sepia T. ramosissima to the ferrugineous to reddish orange T. bryophila. The series comprising T. coerulea (bluish), T. cervina (pale ochraceous to pale brown), T. ochraceo-olivacea (yellowish olive) and T. fatrensis (cream) are probably differentiated only by a combination of bleaching and colour-shift, just like the series comprising T. bicolor (yellow-green, warm brown, blue-green) and T. ferruginosa (orange brown, greenish) or T. punicea (red-brown, purplish brown to grey-blue) and T. botryoides (grey-blue to bluish black). Such species pairs or groups are by no means restricted to Tomentella. In Sarcodon for example there is the ochraceous to brown to purplish S. conchyliatus, the olive-grey S. atroviridis and the olive-black S. thwaitesii, which are very similar in other respects.
     It is remarkable, that most genera with species displaying a great variation in colour are known or suspected to be mycorrhizal (e.g. Russula Pers., Cortinarius Fr., Ramaria (Fr.) Bon., Gomphus Pers.). It is true, that non-mycorrhizal species have only ingredients from the soil at their disposal (and the variability thus depends on the type of soil), while mycorrhizal species also have a number of products available which are produced by their partners, and these products may of course vary with these partners, while also the products of the partner may vary depending on ecological differences (and thus the variability is both dependent on the soil and the metabolic pathways of the various partners). [p. 9]

 

Microscopic characters

1. Types of hyphae
Four types of hyphae can be distinguished in the Thelephorales.
     a. Undifferentiated generative hyphae with a diameter of 1.5 to more than 10 μm. The wall may be thin (up to 0.4 μm) to rather thick (more than 1 μm); local wall thickenings are rarely present.
     b. Inflated hypha with distinct swellings between the septa. They occur often in the more fleshy species and are found in Thelephora fragilis, Sarcodon, Hydnellum (rarely), Tomentella (particularly in the subhymenium and sometimes called torulose), Bankera. However, inflations which only occur in the direct surroundings of the septa (well-known from e.g. many members of the Gomphaceae) do not occur in the Thelephorales.
     c. Skeletal hyphae occur in species which also have narrow generative hyphae; they are found in hyphal strands, but also in other parts of the subiculum. It is difficult to decide whether they are true skeletals or just thick-walled narrow hyphae (most species with skeletal hyphae do not have clamps at the subicular hyphae and 'secondary' septa are not rare). Skeletal hyphae are found in species of Hydnellum, Pseudo-tomentella, Tomentella and Thelephora ; they are similar to those found in for example Ramaria, Trechispora and Serpula.
     d. Gloeoplerous-like hyphae, which are thin-walled and stain deeply in cotton blue. They are either completely hyphoid or more rarely relatively wide and/or terminating with a slight swelling. They are sulpho-negative and there are no indications that they are homologous with the gloeoplerous hyphae of for example the Hericiaceae. Gloeoplerous hyphae are particularly found in the trama of Hydnellum and Sarcodon.

2. Distribution of clamps
     At least in the larger genera all of the following patterns in the distribution of the clamp connections can be found:
     a. Clamps present on all primary septa, including subicular, subhymenial and subbasidial ones.
     b. Clamps present on the base of the basidia and on most subhymenial hyphae, but lacking at many to nearly all septa of the subiculum.
     c. Clamps lacking at the base of the basidia and in the subhymenium, but occurring at some subicular septa.
     d. Clamps absent from all septa.

3. Cystidia
     Cystidia are quite rare in the Thelephorales, but occur scattered in Hydnellum, Phellodon, Thelephora and Tomentella. They are formed in the subiculum or low in the subhymenium and are often hardly differentiated. They may be septate and vary in shape from clavate to cylindrical to acuminate. The cylindrical cystidia are always [p. 10] septate; they are thin-walled and subhymenial in Tomentella atroarenicolor and thick-walled and subicular in Tomentellina (Pseudotomentella) fibrosa.

4. Basidia
     The basidia vary from normal to large (especially in the Thelephoraceae) and may have large sterigmata. The larger basidia display a tendency to develop secondary septa - especially after spore dehiscence - both at the base of the sterigmata as in the lower or upper half of the basidial body. No regularity could be detected in this phenomenon, but it is known to occur in other, unrelated species with large basidia, e.g. Coniophora, Aleurodiscus and Syzygospora.
Sphaeropedunculate basidia (in other groups sometimes called 'podobasidia') have been distinguished from the 'normal' type (Larsen, 1968). It should be emphasized, however, that this is not only a character of the basidia, but also of the subhymenial hyphae. The base of the basidium is of a similar width as the sustaining hypha from which it originates; consequently, a species with broad subhymenial hyphae will never display podobasidia (or sphaeropedunculate basidia), but the opposite is not necessarily true.

5. Spores
     The general shape (globose to ellipsoid) of the spores of the Thelephorales is not very variable, contrary to the ornamentation and - often as a consequence - the exact outline. Nevertheless there are no isolated structures: there is a continuum of forms and several lines of development can be recognized.
     The basic spore is supposed to be regular, subglobose or ellipsoid, (sub)hyaline, and provided with simple warts or short spines. Regular and (sub)hyaline are the rule in theAphyllophorales, subglobose or ellipsoid is the shape of the majority of the spores in the Thelephorales (regardless of irregularity), and simple, short spines (or distinct, regular warts), which is the simplest type of spore ornamentation in the Aphyllophorales. All other types in the Thelephorales can be derived from it. The spines and warts are produced by (part of) the cell wall and are hollow in the centre; they are never the result of excretion. In regular spores the direction of the ornamentation is radiate, i.e. a line through the axis of the spine (in case of bifurcation only the basal part below the branching point) goes through the centre of the spore. In the case of lobed spores it is not the centre of the spore, but that of the lobe, and in case of bulges it is the centre of the bulge. Moreover, the areas between the lobes carry no ornamentation, thus accentuating the irregular impression. The length of the ornamentation is often quite variable; in Botryobasidium isabellina the spine length in a single spore print may vary from 0.8 to 3.2 μm. Finally the primary ornamentation is in cross section always circular (except when the branching point of a bifurcate structure is hit). In all cases there is a suprahilar plage with no or very low ornamentation; the size of this plage is variable.
     The size of the apiculus varies strongly, even within closely related groups. For example in Pseudotomentella tristis it is large, while in P. atrocyanea it is quite modest; especially on smaller spores it can be quite impressive. [p. 11]
The spores of many thelephoraceous species are not even in outline, and are often described as irregular or lobed. There are two in principle different ways of lobe development:
     1. The young spores are (nearly) regular to angular, due to the development of the ornamentation; they become irregular to lobed during maturation (many species of Thelephora and of Tomentella subgenus Tomentella ). The impression of irregularity may become accentuated by further development of bulges and secondary lobes (Malençon, 1958).
     2. The young spores are distinctly three- or four-lobed, but often become regular during maturation ( Tylospora and at least some species of Pseudotomentella and Hydnellum ). In this group asymmetrical (often bifurcation or concrescence) and more pronounced ornamentation often add to the impression of irregularity. Study of young and/or improperly revived spores will generally produce descriptions in which the irregularity is overstressed. This has especially occurred in recent work on Hydnellum and Pseudotomentella.

Five types of ornamentation are distinguished here:
     a. The regular warted type. This is found in for example Tomentella chlorina (Fig. 2-3), Thelephora ramarioides (Fig. 4) Th. nigricans (Fig. 5), Phellodon niger (Fig. 41), P. tomentosus and Lenzitopsis oxycedri (Fig. 1). However, although the majority of the spores is regular, there are some tendencies towards other types. The regularity in the dispersal of the warts is not absolute. Both the overall distance between the warts (and thus the number of warts on spores with a similar surface) and the distance between the various warts on the same spore are not always equal. The latter case is often - but not necessarily - connected with the tendency to develop bifurcate or twin warts or spines. This type may even become dominant on a relatively small number of the spores (Fig. 42-43). More rarely trifurcation occurs. Bifurcate or twin warts may originate from a common base (or become concrescent). The size of the warts is often similar, but in e.g. Thelephora nigricans it may vary considerably on the same spore. In T. ramarioides the warts are irregularly and widely dispersed. Both irregular arrangement and partly larger, bifurcate ornamentation may cause some irregularity in the outline of the spore.
     b. The regular bifurcately warted type. This is directly derived from the regularly warted type. Tomentella crinalis (Fig. 6-8) and Pseudotomentella atrocyanea (fig. 19) are intermediates and display both simple and bifurcate warts. However, when examined with SEM in many species of type a some spores with an occasional bifurcate spine or wart can be found. Typical species are for example P. tristis (Fig. 9-11) and P. mucidula (Fig. 20-21). Most species of Hydnellum and Sarcodon (Fig. 44-46) at least go through this stage. There is also a tendency towards clustering of the warts in groups of two to five, with larger interspaces between the clusters. These clusters do not form a common raised base, so the overall impression is not or hardly irregular. [p. 12]

 

Plate 1
fig. 1: Lenzitopsis oxycedri, H. JGM-GM 5.025; fig. 2-3: Tomentella chlorina, L 963.168-781; fig. 4: Thelephora ramarioides L 974.106-345 = Corner, Sing. 25785; fig. 5: Thelephora nigricans, L 974.106-416, det.: Corner; fig. 6-8: Tomentella crinalis: fig. 6: L 987.168-875 = RLG 9232; fig. 7-8: Donk 5035; fig. 9-11: Pseudotomentella tristis, L 988.013-034. Bar represents 1 μm. [p.13]

 

Plate 2
fig. 12-13: Tomentellopsis zygodesmoides, L 990.095-499; fig. 14-15: Tomentella stuposa, L isabellinus J.A.S. 1310; fig. 17-18: Tomentella bryophila J.A.S. 1275; fig. 19: Pseudotomentella atrocyanea, B. de Vries 3811; fig. 20-21: P. mucidula B. de Vries 1471. Bar represents 1 μm. [p. 14]

 

Plate 3
fig. 22: Tomentella ellisii, L 973.320-796, det.: M.J. Larsen (sub T. microspora ); fig. 23: T. macrospora, L 986.285-132; fig. 24: T. galzinii ; fig. 25: T. terrestris, L 980.051-417 = Larsen 3808; fig. 26: T. olivascens, L 988.051-263 = Larsen 1505; fig. 27: T. molybdaea, L 955.117-872 (det.: M.J. Larsen); fig. 28: T. lateritia, L 988.013-048 = Larsen 3613 (sub T. atrorubra) ; fig. 29: T. lateritia, L 988.013-097 = Larsen 3696; fig. 30: T. botryoides, L 988.013-076 = Donk 14564; fig. 31: T. neobourdotii, L 988.051-262 = Larsen 2301. Bar represents 1 μm. [p. 15]

 

Plate 4
fig. 32-33: Thelephora aurantiotincta L 968.15-019, type; fig. 34: Th. atrocitrina L 974.225-798; fig. 35: Th. mollissima, L 984.25-836; fig. 36: Th. caryophyllea, L 968.260-749; fig. 37: Th. penicillata, CBS 3757; fig. 38: Th. anthocephala L 983.353-596; fig. 39-40: Th. palmata, L 967.219-156. Bar represents 1 μm. [p. 16]

 

Plate 5
fig. 41-43: Phellodon niger, J.A.S. 1297 - 41: typical spore, 42B43: spores with bifurcate ornamentation; fig. 44-45: Hydnellum spongiosipes, L 966.116-272; fig. 46: Sarcodon imbricatus, L 981.283-897; fig. 47: Polyozellus multiplex, L 9263 (Donk 14.663); fig. 48: Boletopsis leucomelaena, L 981.281-145; fig. 49: B. atrata, O, type; fig. 50: Tylospora fibrillosa, J.A.S. 1226. Bar represents 1 μm. [p. 17].

     c. The regular spiny type. This type is also directly derived from the regularly warted type. In Tomentella ellisii (Fig. 22) and T. lapida (with tendencies towards irregularity) the spines are only slightly larger, but the interspaces are distinctly so. In T. macrospora (Fig. 23) the spines are distinctly larger and in Botryohypochnus isabellinus (Fig. 16), Tomentella stuposa (Fig. 14-15) and Tomentellopsis zygodesmoides (Fig. 12-13) they become up to 3 μm long, but young spores still resemble those of T. ellisii. The overall dispersal of the spines - and thus the outline - is regular, although bifurcation may occur also here (Fig. ). In Tomentella bryophila (Fig. 17-18) and even more in T. umbrinella there is a slight tendency towards clustering - specially as the interspaces become exceptionally large (the number of spines relatively few) - which may cause the outline to become somewhat irregular as it seems to stretch from spine to spine. In this last group also the length of the spines on the same spore may vary considerably.
     d. The irregular spiny type. The ultimate stage is the distinctly lobed spore. Generally the basic shape of the spores is ellipsoid, more rarely somewhat ovoid. They can be derived from type a or c. Many species of Thelephora belong here, for example T. caryophyllea (Fig. 36), T. penicillata (Fig. 37), T. anthocephala (Fig. 38) and T. mollissima (relatively little lobed), but also T. palmata (Fig. 39-40) and T. terrestris, which are more distinctly lobed, just like Tomentella rubiginosa. Tomentella galzinii (Fig. 25), T. terrestris (Fig. 25), T. olivascens (Fig. 26), T. molybdaea (Fig. 27), T. lateritia (Fig. 28-29), T. punicea, T. botryoides (Fig. 30) and T. neobourdotii (Fig. 31) with widely interspaced, long spines are clearly derived from type c. Thelephora atrocitrina (Fig. 34) can be considered as intermediate between type c and d.
     e. The irregular coarsely warted to cresty type. The irregularity seems to be mainly based upon the 'concrescence' of the ornamentation. Sarcodon imbricatus (Fig. 46) has relatively large warts, comparable in size with the larger ones of Thelephora nigricans (Fig. 5), which are single or bifurcate. The overall impression of these spores is relatively regular. In Hydnellum spongiosipes (Fig. 44-45) there is more variation; many spores have a more pronounced ornamentation, the base of the concrescent spines is somewhat higher, making them more crest-like; such ornamentation is sometimes referred to as exsculpate. When collapsed the spores give a very irregular impression. This type is directly derived from type b and Polyozellus multiplex (Fig. 47) and even Boletopsis leucomelaena (Fig. 48) can be considered as intermediates. The warts are large and rather dense, usually low bifurcate, and the spores consequently only slightly irregular. Boletopsis atrata (Fig. 49) is more regularly warted. Thelephora aurantiotincta (Fig 32-33) is an intermediate between type d and e.
     In the Thelephorales genera with hyaline spores are common. The genera Bankera, Phellodon, Polyozellus and Tomentellopsis always have hyaline spores, while Boletopsis and Tomentella have both species with hyaline and with coloured spores, linked by a number of species with subhyaline or pale yellowish spores. [p. 18]

 

Ecology

Basidiomes of the Thelephorales are found on soil, or on various more solid substrata lying on the soil as wood, debris, paper, and even stones; it is very likely (and in the case of stones certain) that these substrata are colonized by mycelium from the soil. Many resupinate species possess a system of hyphal strands, which can be so dense, that the subiculum may be nearly composed of these structures; they also radiate from (or more probably, to) the basidiome, thus allowing transportation of nutrients from the generative hyphae in the soil. The sporulation of the resupinate species is typically at the underside, i.e. facing the soil surface, and often in contact with it or very close (this is not a rule: some species grow directly on the soil and then the hymenium is negatively geotropic). Spore dispersion is thus possible only from the soil, which also points to soil as the basic substrate. It is generally accepted that the species of the Bankeraceae, Hydnellum, Sarcodon, Bankera, Phellodon and Boletopsis, are ectomycorrhizal; in the Thelephoraceae this is known for several species of Thelephora, Tylospora and also for Tomentella crinalis (Köljalg, 1992), and it may be true for many other species of these genera as well. However, because they often sporulate on wood, very few herbarium specimens have annotations on the trees growing in its surroundings. Thelephorales are quite sensitive to pollution. This is well-known for the Bankeraceae, but seems to be true also for the Thelephoraceae; this can be considered another argument for a possible mycorrhizal nature.
      The distribution of the Thelephorales seems to be mainly temperate. Reports on tropical collections of the Bankeraceae are quite rare; the Thelephoraceae seem to be better represented in the tropics. However, it should be realized that many tropical areas are mycologically virtually unexplored.
     In West Europe the occurrence of the Thelephorales in general, and more speficially of the Bankeraceae, has strongly declined over the past decades. This is generally attributed to air and soil pollution (Arnolds, 1989).

 

Taxonomy

Corner (1968) elaborated possible relationships of basidiome evolution within Thelephora (where most of the variation is) and also with related genera, and that discussion needs not be repeated here. For the general outlines of this paper it is sufficient to state that starting from the flabelliform basidiome continuous transitions exist (table 1) to: (a) clavarioid, through multifid stereoid and sparassoid, (b) resupinate, through dimidiate and effused-reflexed and (c) centrally stipitate through infundibuliform and merismoid. The variability encountered in this order is similar to that in for example the Boletales, Bondarzewiales, Gomphales and Polyporales.


Botryohypochnus, Tomentellopsis and Tomentellastrum

In agreement with the general trend in the taxonomy of the Ahyllophorales the resupinate group currently comprises more genera than the groups with more differentiated basidiomes; the difference of a single character has more impact when few characters are available. However, within a taxonomic unit it should not be so, and it is tried here to analyze the characters of the various genera and explain the concept used here.
     In the stipitate hydnoid group two characters are used to distinguish genera: spore colour, which appeared to be combined with the type of ornamentation, and the inflation of hyphae in the pileus and stipe. The first character, hyaline, regular, echinulate spores clearly cuts through the groups with only one possible exception: Bankera and Phellodon at one side, Sarcodon and Hydnellum at the other. The second one, inflated hyphae, is less distinct, as there is a transitional group around Hydnellum compactum and H. stereosarcinon, but in general it is quite consistent. Other characters, like the distribution of the clamps and the occurrence of cystidia are considered useful, but not decisive at the generic level.
     Among the resupinate species there is a small group with (sub)hyaline spores as Bankera, recognized as Tomentellopsis. Contrary to the hydnoid group, however, this group contains species with regular, echinulate and subhyaline to yellowish spores. Most have (sub)globose spores, like Botryohypochnus isabellinus, Tomentella badia, T. bresadolae or T. stuposa ; of these, the first two have no clamps at the septa, while the others do.
     Larsen (1974) defined Tomentellastrum as containing species with 'large globose to subglobose spores, fruiting bodies that may encrust organic debris, a fruiting surface that may become negatively geotropic and having subicular hyphae that are primarily septate without clamps and dark coloured'. These characters, and particularly the choice of this combination, call for some comment.

1.

The fruiting surface that may become negatively geotropic does not discriminate against Tomentella; perhaps the character was introduced because Larsen wanted to include some species of Thelephora.

2.

Fruiting bodies that may encrust organic debris are common in Tomentella, and also in the less differentiated species of Thelephora, for example the Thelephora terrestris-group. Within Tomentella the encrustation of organic material is not a discriminating character.

3.

It is likely that the dark brown hyphae were introduced to exclude Botryohypochnus isabellinus with yellowish subicular hyphae. However, in other groups of Tomentella the colour of the subicular hyphae varies between hyaline and dark brown.

4.

Subicular hyphae without clamps. This character has been discussed earlier, and - although constant within a species - is known to vary within the genera of the Thelephorales. The same is true for genera in other orders and families, and although it has often been used especially in the Corticiaceae to separate genera, it is not likely that these will withstand a critical revision. Also in this particular [p. 20] case the criterion would exclude species like Tomentella bresadolae from Tomentellastrum, although it is in all other respects similar to the species of Tomentellastrum sensu Larsen.

5.

Large, echinulate, globose spores. Echinulate is not distinctive within Tomentella, large is probably introduced to accentuate the difference with some Tomentella's with clamps and with Tomentellopsis, and globose only makes sense when the accent is on regularity, but not at all when broadly ellipsoid should be excluded. In fact most species included by Larsen have broadly ellipsoid spores.

     The above arguments indicate that neither Tomentellastrum nor Botryohypochnus should be recognized on the genus level. However, Botryohypochnus is retained here, because of the absence of thelephoric acid derivatives (Kröber et al., 1986), the relatively short and fragile basidia, and the exceptionally wide basal hyphae. Although B. isabellinus could be accepted in Tomentella, this is more difficult for B. anomalus and B. bondarcevii ; finally this may not be the place to introduce such changes in thetradition. Tomentellopsis is also maintained here; it is in several respects intermediate between Botryohypochnus and Tomentella.
     Inflated hyphae do occur occasionally, for example in T. olivascens or T. sublilacina, but the actual function is obscure in Tomentella, as it does not serve to give the basidiome some coherence.


Lazulinospora, Tomentellago, Tomentellina, Pseudotomentella and Tylospora

Pseudotomentella has been described by Svrček (1958) to accommodate species without clamps, hyaline to pale-coloured and smooth hymenium and spores more or less regular, hyaline to pale-coloured and verrucose to short echinulate. Larsen (1968, 1971) added the following features: usually simple septate, usually dimitic and hyphal strands usually present. Finally Larsen (1983) retained three generic characters: napiform to sphaeropedunculate young and clavipedunculate mature basidia, pale coloured spores with bifurcate warts and characteristically lobed spores in the early stages of development.
Svrček included four taxa that are now generally classified in Tomentellopsis plus T. mucidula (type) and T. nigra.
      Pseudotomentella in the sense of Larsen contains a group of related species, but a number of other species can be considered as equally related. Clavipedunculate basidia (and sphaeropedunculate immature ones) are not always pronounced in Larssen's species. For example in several collections of P. atrocyanea they were not or hardly found, while, on the other hand, some specimens of Tomentella crinalis and T. calcicola did show some. The same goes for lobed immature spores which are not present in that species, but very distinct in P. tristis or P. mucidula. All species have spores with dichotomous warts. However, species like Tomentella crinalis and Tomentellina fibrosa also have dichotomous warts, while some spores of P. tristis have more simple warts than dichotomous ones. Tomentella chlorina has [p. 21] generally simple warts, but dichotomous ones are not rare. Similar spores are also found in Thelephora nigricans, and Tomentellago aeruginascens.
     Another character occurring in this group (and used to distinguish genera) is the cyanescence of the basidiospores. In a number of species with (sub)hyaline, thin-walled spores and a bluish to greenish basidiome, the spores (and often also basidia and hyphae) turn blue to green in KOH, for example Pseudotomentella atrocyanea, Tomentella cyanea, T. wakefieldiae and T. chlorina (Burdsall & Larsen, 1974; Burdsall & Setliff, 1974). Also T. crinalis and T. calcicola display a distinct colour change in KOH, which would have been blue if the spores were hyaline. A separate genus or at least subgenus would have been justified when these species had been similar in other respects as well, but some species have only thin-walled hyphae, while others have skeletal hyphae. One should be aware that a blue or greenish colour change with KOH can only be observed when the spores are not or hardly coloured; in brown and even yellowish spores the reaction would be masked and escape notice (or it would just be considered as 'darkening', which is very common in Tomentella ). Hyaline spores become more or less blue, while slightly tinted (pale yellowish) spores tend to become greenish. Moreover, cyanescence of basidia and hyphae is not uncommon in the Thelephoraceae, although a distinction has to be made between cyanescence of the cell wall and a colour change due to adhering crystalline matter. It is preferred to treat them as a subgenus of Tomentella rather than adopting a generic name for this group. The latter would have called Odontia to be used in the original sense, which is quite different from that by the Scandinavian school (type species: Hydnum fimbriatum (Pers.: Fr.) Fr.) and also used for the group of species now called Hyphodontia J.Eriksson (nom. cons.). It would result in agreat number of undesirable new combinations. Here, Pseudotomentella is maintained in Larsen's sense, but its limits are not clear. Lazulinospora (which in any case would be a synonym of Amaurodon ) is not accepted here, for the reasons mentioned above; Tomentellago aeruginascens is in most respects similar to Tomentella chlorina and Tomentellago is a satellite genus of Amaurodon and could as well be included there as in Tomentella s.l.
     A merging of these groups, either within Tomentella or on the genus level, would result in a taxon which is characterized by warted spores. Additional characters like skeletal hyphae and cyanescence of the spore wall in KOH are (nearly) limited to this group of tomentelloid fungi. Botryohypochnus verrucisporus with slightly larger spores may also belong here. It should also be noted, that the basidia of Lazulinospora cinnamomea are lateral (pleurobasidia), which is often used as a generic character and makes its taxonomic place here uncertain.
     The genus Tomentellina is characterized by the presence of septate tramal cystidia; most other characters fit Pseudotomentella. Especially the spores, which have a strong bluish reaction with 2% KOH (like P. atrocyanea, but masked by the brownish cell wall) resemble those of Pseudotomentella. On the other hand Tomentellina fibrosa is also quite similar to Tomentella crinalis, and the basidia are not typically sphaeropedunculate. Septate tramal cystidia occur regularly in corticiaceous fungi. In general the species are closer to species without septate cystidia than to [p. 22] each other. The taxonomic position of Tomentellina fibrosa is comparable with that of Coniophora olivacea (Fr.) P. Karst., which is sometimes classified in a genus of its own ( Coniophorella P. Karst.), but now generally recognized as belonging to Coniophora DC. To conclude, there are no clear-cut differences between Tomentella, Pseudotomentella and Tomentellina and the reasons to keep them apart are not strong.
     The genus Tylospora has been included in the Thelephorales for several reasons: the presence of hyphal strands, the morphology of the spores, the ectomycorrhizal association with trees. It is maintained as a genus because of the non-ornamented nature of the spores of T. asterophora (they seem to be arrested in an early state of development) despite the fact, that Tomentella aurantiaca seems to be a coloured equivalent of Tylospora fibrillosa (even the warts are often bifurcate).


The status of the Bankeraceae

Donk (1961) separated the Bankeraceae from the Thelephoraceae (including the stipitate hydnoid genera Hydnellum and Sarcodon ) on account of the ornamented hyaline spores with an even outline, and the exclusive occurrence of a fenugreek odour in the Bankeraceae. According to these criteria, Bankera was separated from Sarcodon and Phellodon from Hydnellum. However, if these criteria (except the odour) are applied to the other genera of the Thelephorales, Tomentellopsis and Tomentellago should be placed in the Bankeraceae, while Botryohypochnus could be considered. Additionally some species of Thelephora and Tomentella have spores with a similar outline and ornamentation, although the colour is rarely whitish (cf. Th. cervicornis, Th. cuticularis ); Thelephora aurantiotincta also has a fenugreek odour. Moreover, the type species of Bankera has somewhat irregular spores. There are no significant chemical differences between Phellodon and Bankera versus the other genera of the Thelephorales (Bresinsky & Rennschmid 1971). As various major groups of the Thelephorales have members that should be placed in the Bankeraceae, an 'extreme convergence' as supposed by Donk (1964) is not very probable. As the distinguishing characters are vague and intergrading, the recognition of the small family Bankeraceae as originally defined is not justified. However, Jülich (1981) changed the original concept of the Bankeraceae, andcharacterized the family as containing pileate and hydnoid species with brown and lobed as well as white and even (but ornamented) spores, thus including Hydnellum and Bankera as well as Phellodon and Sarcodon ; this classification is basically accepted here, although also Boletopsis and Polyozellus are included on account of their spores and their fleshy nature. However, it is realized that especially the spore type occurring in Bankera and Phellodon deviates from those of the other genera, although also there intermediates occur (Baird, 1986a). [p. 23]


Some remarks on stipitate genera

     The genera Hydnellum and Sarcodon are generally recognized and, although there is an intermediate group, this is not considered sufficient reason to abandon custom. Nevertheless, some consequence within taxonomically related groups is desirable, and when a similar situation is present in related genera, it should be recognized at a not too distant level. In Thelephora this is reflected by the distinction of subg. Sarcothelephora Corner (with one species: T. fragilis ), in Boletopsis no subdivision has been proposed yet. Nevertheless that genus contains two distinct groups, viz. one with centrally stipitate, more or less fleshy basidiomes with inflated hyphae and spores with relatively large warts, and one with pleuropodal, more or less pliable basidiomes with uninflated hyphae and spores with relatively small warts or spines. The first group, subgenus Boletopsis, contains B. grisea, B. leucomelaena and B. smithii, for the second group, which contains B. atrata and B. subcitrina, subgenusBoletopsina (subg. nov.) is proposed here:
     Differt a subgenere typico basidiomatibus pleuropodalibus, non fragilibus et hyphis regularibus (non inflatis). Typus: Boletopsis atrata Ryv.
      Scytinopogon Sing. is often considered to belong to the Thelephorales. However, just like Trechispora P. Karst. it fits better in the Gomphales because of the hyphae with ampullate septa and the typical ornamentation of the spores, a conclusion also reached by Larssen (thesis, unpublished).
     No agaricoid genus has been accepted in the Thelephorales here, although Verrucispora Horak (= Horakia Oberw.) has been considered as belonging to the Thelephorales (Oberwinkler, 1976). Its only species, V. flavofusca (Beeli) Horak has similar spores (as also Astrosporina, which is often considered a subgenus of Inocybe ), but also a slender stipe, free lamellae and an annulus. Awaiting further evidence, Singer's (1986) classification close to Lepiota is accepted here (Reijnders & Stalpers, 1992).

Species concept

     The species concept in the genera Bankera, Hydnellum, Phellodon, Sarcodon, Thelephora and Tomentella s.l. traditionally is very narrow. Minor differences in colour have sometimes been considered as a sound basis for the description of a new species while the complete knowledge of such a species was based on a single collection and sometimes even a single specimen. Worse, species have been described from an admittedly immature specimen and from old, bruised material!
     Considering the above-mentioned possibilities of variation within the species during development, I am inclined to a broader species concept than generally applied in this group. Proof for this is very hard, as the taxa are generally not culturable, and even if they were, recent research (Chase and Ullrich, 1990a, 1990b) again has stressed, that positive matings assure conspecificity, but that the reverse is far from true. However, in order to make these keys also useful for those, [p. 24] who prefer the narrower - and current - system, the concept of species complexes is used here. The taxa within such a complex - although they are recognizable - may not deserve specific status. It is clear, that more definite decisions need the study of more specimens than examined here, and also the observation and registration of subsequent changes in the field.

 

Classification


THELEPHORALES Corner ex Oberw.
Basidiome annual, effused, effused-reflexed, dimidiate, flabelliform, merismatoid, clavarioid, cantharelloid or stipitate. Hymenophore smooth, warted, hydnoid, rugulose (with longitudinal, but sometimes anastomosing ridges), poroid, irpicoid or imperfectly lamellate. Context byssoid, soft membranaceous, coriaceous or fleshy. Hyphal system monomitic, rarely with some skeletal hyphae. Hyphae hyaline to brown, thin- to thick-walled, with or without clamps; inflated hyphae often present in fleshy species. Gloeoplerous-like hyphae containing oxidizable pigment may be present. Gloeocystidia absent, cystidia rarely present. Spores hyaline to typically brown, thin- to thick-walled, ornamented, often irregular or lobed, globose to broadly ellipsoid in general outline, often darkening in 2% KOH. Thelephoric acid derivatives typically present.
Soil-inhabiting, but some groups sporulating on more solid substrates, often ectomy-corrhizal.

The two families accepted in the order are:

1. BANKERACEAE Donk
Syn.: Boletopsidaceae Bond. & Singer ex Jülich.

Basidiome stipitate. Hymenophore poroid, hydnoid or with ridges. Inflated hyphae often present. Spores typically rather small, hyaline and echinulate or brown and with warts, which may become bifurcate and/or concrescent.

Genera: Bankera Coker & Beers ex Pouzar, Boletopsis Fayod, Hydnellum P.Karst., Phellodon P. Karst., Sarcodon Quélet ex P. Karst.

2. THELEPHORACEAE Chev.
Syn.: Phylacteriaceae Maire; Tomentellaceae Bref.; Botryohypochnaceae (Parm.) Jülich; Lenzitopsidaceae Jülich. [p. 25]

Basidiome resupinate, effused-reflexed or pileate. Hymenophore even to warted, rarely hydnoid or poroid. Spores hyaline to coloured, warted to more typically echinulate.

Genera: Botryohypochnus Donk, Lenzitopsis Malençon & Bertault, Polyozellus Murr., Pseudotomentella Svrček (incl. Tomentellina Höhn. & Litsch.), Thelephora Ehrh.: Fr., Tomentella Pat. (incl. Caldesiella Sacc. and Lazulinospora Burdsall & M.J. Larsen), Tomentellago Hjortstam, Tomentellopsis Hjortstam, Tylospora Donk.

In Tomentella the following two subgenera are distinguished:

Tomentella subgenus Odontia (Pers.) Stalpers comb. nov. Basionym: Odontia Pers., 1794, Neues Mag. Bot. 1: 110.
     Basidiome hypochnoid, byssoid or pellicular, separable. Hyphae with or without clamps. Spores hyaline to yellowish, regular, warted, small (< 6 μm diam). The spores of the bright blue or green species which are hyaline in water become blue in 2% KOH, the others displaying the same reaction, partly masked by the colour of the cell wall.
Species: T. brunneorufa, T. calcicola, T. chlorina (= Caldesiella viridis), ? Lazulinospora cinnamomea, T. crinalis, T. cyanea, T. duemmeri, T. griseoumbrina, T. rufobrunnea, T. subalpina, T. wakefieldiae.

Tomentella (Pers.) Pat. subgenus Tomentella
Basidiome hypochnoid to tomentose, pellicular to membranaceous, separable or not. Hyphae with or without clamps. Spores yellowish to brown, regular or irregular to lobed, echinulate, rarely warted, typically larger than 6 μm, not blue in 2% KOH.
Recognized species: T. asperula, T. atramentaria, T. atro-arenicolor, T. aurantiaca, T. badia, T. bicolor, T. botryoides, T. bresadolae, T. brevispina, T. bryophila, T. caesiocinerea, T. carbonaria, T. cinerascens, T. clavigera, T. coerulea, T. ellisii, T. epigaea, T. ferruginea, T. ferruginella, T. fraseri, T. fuscocinerea, T. fuscofer-ruginosa, T. galzinii, T. kootenaiensis, T. lapida, T. lateritia, T. litschaueri, T. molybdaea, T. muricata, T. neobourdotii, T. nitellina, T. olivascens, T. pellicularioides, T. pilatii, T. pilosa, T. pirolae, T. puberula, T. punicea, T. radiosa, T. ramosissima, T. rhodophaea, T. rubiginosa, T. stuposa, T. subcinerascens, T. subclavigera, T. sublilacina, T. subtestacea, T. terrestris, T. umbrinospora, T. vesiculosa, T. viridescens, and T. viridula. [p. 26]
New names or specific combinations proposed:

Hydnellum cristatum (Bresadola) comb. nov. Bas.: Hydnum cristatum Bresadola in Atkinson 1902, J. Mycol. 8: 119.
Hydnellum dissimulans (Harrison) comb. nov. Bas.: Sarcodon dissimulans Harrison in Harrison & Grund 1984, Mycotaxon 20: 95.
Hydnellum stereosarcinon (Wehmeyer) comb. nov. Bas.: Sarcodon stereosarcinon Wehmeyer 1940, Can. J. Res., C, 18: 102.
Sarcodon cyanellus(Harrison) comb. nov. Bas.: Hydnellum cyanellum Harrison 1964, Can. J. Bot. 42: 1214.
Sarcodon indurescens (Hall & Stuntz) comb. nov. Bas.: Hydnum indurescens Hall & Stuntz 1972, Mycologia 64: 24.
Thelephora nigricans Stalpers nomen novum, based on Thelephora nigrescens Bres. 1912, Hedwigia 51: 320 [non Thelephora nigrescens Schrader 1794].
Tomentella cinereoumbrina(Bres.) comb. nov. Bas.: Hypochnus cinereoumbrinus Bres. 1926, Stud. Trent. 7: 62.
Tomentella wakefieldiae (Burdsall & M.J. Larsen) comb. nov. Bas. Lazulinospora wakefieldiae Burdsall & M.J. Larsen 1974, Mycologia 66: 98. [p. 27]

 

 

 

Key to the genera of the Thelephorales

 

1a.

 

Hymenophoral surface even, odontioid or hydnoid

2

 

1b.

 

Hymenophoral surface poroid, irpicoid, lamellate or with ridges

11

 

 

2a.

 

Basidiome totally resupinate

3

 

2b.

 

Basidiome effused-reflexed or pileate

7

 

 

3a.

 

Spores even in outline, echinulate, up to 7.5 μm, white in mass

Tomentellopsis

 

3b.

 

Spores irregular to lobed and/or yellowish to brown; if spores are hyaline then warted (often bifurcate), not echinulate

4

 

 

4a.

 

Spores 4-lobed, hyaline; hymenial surface whitish to cream-coloured

Tylospora

 

4b.

 

Spores not hyaline when lobed; hymenial surface coloured

5

 

 

5a.

 

Basidia urniform to short-cylindrical. Basal hyphae at least 8 μm wide and clamps absent

Botryohypochnus

 

5b.

 

Basidia clavate to sphaeropedunculate. Basal hyphae not reaching 8 μm and/or clamps present

6

 

 

6a.

 

Young basidia sphaeropedunculate and young spores with 3B4 lobes. Mature spores with bifurcate warts

Pseudotomentella

 

6b.

 

Young basidia not sphaeropedunculate and young spores not wit distinct lobes (but often irregular). Mature spores rarely with bifurcate warts

Tomentella

 

 

7a.

 

Hymenophoral surface even or warted

Thelephora

 

7b.

 

Hymenophoral surface hydnoid

6

 

 

8a.

 

Spore-print white, spores even in outline, echinulate

9

 

8b.

 

Spore-print brown, spores typically irregular or seemingly so because of pronounced asymmetric ornamentation

10

 

 

9a.

 

At least some hyphae in pileus inflated; trama soft fleshy; concentrical zones absent

Bankera

 

9b.

 

Pileus-hyphae not inflated; trama tough, often fibrous; concentrical zones often (but not necessarily) present

Phellodon

 

 

10a.

 

At least some hyphae in pileus inflated, at least 10 μm wide; concentrical zones absent

Sarcodon

 

10b.

 

Pileus-hyphae not inflated, up to 7 μm wide; concentrical zones typically present [p. 28]

Hydnellum

 

 

 11a.

 

Hymenophore cantharelloid

Polyozellus

 

11b.

 

Hymenophore irpicoid to poroid or lamellate

12

 

 

12a.

 

Basidiome stipitate, on soil

Boletopsis

 

12b.

 

Basidiome resupinate or pileate with a resupinate part, on wood

13

 

 

13a.

 

Spores hyaline, warted, blue in KOH

Tomentellago

 

13b.

 

Spores brown, echinulate, not blue in KOH

Lenzitopsis

 

Key to the species of the Thelephorales

All keys to the species are dichotomous and lead to a species name. In order to facilitate back-searching, the number of the previous couplet is given when it occurs at least 5 entries earlier or when it can be reached in more than one way. In case a descriptive part occurs in an earlier couplet than the species name, the number of the entry containing that descriptive part is given in italics. Information given between this part and the name is generally not repeated.

 

Bankera Coker & Beers ex Pouzar

Basidiome annual, soft, centrally or more rarely excentrically stipitate, solitary or concrescent, pileus more or less round to lobed, plane-convex, often becoming depressed; abhymenial surface at first tomentose to felty, soon becoming glabrous, matted and pitted or with appressed scales; colour whitish, cream to brownish. Trama soft fleshy to tough, not zoned. Stipe cylindrical, tapering or bulbous, velutinous or tomentose, becoming glabrous. Hymenial surface hydnoid, covering underside of pileus and somewhat decurrent on the stipe. Spines typically greyish brown. Odour often of fenugreek when dried. Spore-print white.
Hyphal system monomitic. Generative hyphae hyaline to brownish, thin- to somewhat thick-walled, inflated. Clamps absent. Hyphae with brownish contents typically present, especially in tomentum of pileus (gloeoplerous-like hyphae). Cystidia absent. Basidia clavate, with or without basal clamp, with 4 sterigmata. Spores hyaline, thin-walled, subglobose to more typically ellipsoid, warted to spinulose with equidistant spinulae, not amyloid.
Substratum: terrestrial, ectomycorrhizal with gymnosperms (typically Pinaceae).

Type species: Hydnum fuligineoalbum Schmidt

References: Maas Geesteranus, 1971, 1975; Baird, 1986a.

1a.

Spores 4B5(B5.5)  3B3.5(B4) μm, with short warts or spinulae of about 0.3 μm high. Pileus whitish at first, becoming yellowish brown, pinkish to reddish brown to dark brown, without scales, 3B10 cm wide. Associated with Pinus.

 

 

Spines up to 6 mm long. Pileus hyphae up to 16 μm wide. Basidia 25-38 x 4.5-6(-6.5) μm.
B. fuligineoalba Schmidt: Fr. in Kunze & Schmidt
Syn.: Hydnum fragile Fr.; H. virginianum Murr.; Sarcodon reticulatus Banker [p. 30]
Ref.: Coker & Beers, 1951; Harrison, 1961, 1968; Maas Geesteranus, 1971, 1975; Baird, 1986a, 1986b; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986; Imazeki et al., 1988; Cetto, 1987.
Note: judging from the description Sarcodon lobatus Nikol. may also belong here.

1b.

Spores 4.5-5.5 x 4-5 μm, with prominent spinulae, about 0.5 μm long. Pileus whitish at first, becoming pinkish brown to purplish, often becoming scaly, up to 17 cm wide. Associated with Picea.

 

 

Spines up to 6 mm long. Pileus hyphae up to 23 μm wide. Basidia 25-38 x 5-7 μm.
B. violascens (Alb. & Schw.: Fr.) Pouzar
Syn.: Phellodon carnosus Banker
Ref.: Harrison, 1961, 1968; Maas Geesteranus, 1975; Baird, 1986a; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986; Cetto, 1987

 

Boletopsis Fayod

Basidiome annual, soft fleshy to tough and fibrous, centrally or more rarely excentrically stipitate, solitary or concrescent, pileus more or less round to lobed, plane-convex; abhymenial surface smooth, becoming scrobiculose or covered with appressed scales; colour greyish, brownish to sepia or black-brown. Trama soft fleshy to tough. Stipe cylindrical, tapering or bulbous, velutinous or tomentose, becoming glabrous. Hymenial surface poroid, covering the underside of the pileus. Pores cream to pale grey, pinkish grey or lilac grey, somewhat decurrent. Spore-print white to cream-coloured.
Hyphal system monomitic. Generative hyphae hyaline, thin-walled, some inflated, with clamps at many or all septa. Gloeoplerous-like hyphae may be present, especially in tomentum of pileus. Cystidia absent. Basidia clavate, with basal clamp and 4 sterigmata. Spores hyaline to cream-coloured, thin-walled, lobed, warted, not amyloid.
Substratum: terrestrial, ectomycorrhizal with gymnosperms (typically Pinaceae) and angiosperms (Fagaceae).

Type species: Boletus leucomelas Pers.

References: Corner, 1989; Niemelä & Saarenoksa, 1989.

1a.

Hyphae of pileus with distinct inflations, up to 18 μm wide. Basidiome solitary, centrally stipitate

2

1b.

Hyphae of pileus not inflated, up to 5 μm wide. Basidiome solitary or branched, laterally stipitate [p. 31]

4

 

2a.

Pileus dull orange, with some grey or dull brown shades.

 

 

 

Pileus 4-5 cm diam. Cutis continuous, with age cracking and becoming finely squamulose. Trama white, becoming slowly vinaceous buff when cut. Pores 2B3/mm, white, becoming vinaceous brown when bruised. Stipe dull orange, 4B4.5 x 1B1.5 mm, trama white above, vinaceous grey below. Pileus hyphae hyaline, 5-8 μm wide, with inflations up to 17 μm. Clamps present, but lacking at many septa. Basidia 12-17 x (7-)8-9 μm. Spores hyaline, ellipsoid, 5.5-7 x 4.5-5.6 μm, with 4-6 large warts, brownish in mass.
B. smithii K. Harrison
Ref.: Harrison in Bigelow & Thiers, 1975

 

2b.

Pileus grey to brown to blackish

3

 

3a.

Pileus greyish or purplish brown to blackish brown. Trama soft fleshy when fresh, brittle when dry.

 

 

 

Pileus (4-)5-8(-10) cm diam.Stipe dark greyish brown to blackish brown, 3-5(-10) cm long. Pores 1-3/mm, white when young, walls finally lacerate. Hyphae of tomentum greenish grey, 4-7(-10) μm diam, with swollen tips, up to 18 μm wide. Pileus hyphae hyaline, 5-10(-25) μm wide; gloeoplerous-like hyphae rare. Basidia (17-)22-30 x 5.5-8.5 μm. Spores (4.5-)5-6.5(-8) x (3.5-)4-5(-6.3) μm. Associated with Picea.
B. leucomelaena (Pers.) Fayod
Syn.: Fungus porcinus Paulet; Polyporus scoparius Pers.; P. formatus Britz.; Boletus violaceus C. Mart.
Ref.: Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986; Niemelä & Saarenoksa, 1989; Cetto, 1987.

 

3b.

Pileus pale greyish to greyish brown. Trama soft fibrous when fresh, tough when dry.

 

 

 

Pileus (4-)7-13(-17) cm diam.Stipe grey to brownish, 2-4(-6) cm long. Pores 2-4/mm, walls finally lacerate. Hyphae of tomentum hyaline to pale green, 4-7(-9) μm diam, with no or hardly swollen tips. Pileus hyphae hyaline, 4-7(-9) μm wide with swellings up to 15 μm; gloeoplerous-like hyphae common. Basidia 16-20(-25) x 6-7 μm. Spores (4.2-)5-6(-6.5) x (3.2-)4-4.5(-5) μm. Associated with Pinus.
B. grisea (Peck) Bond. & Singer
Syn.: Polyporus involutus Britz.; P. earlei Underw.; P. maximovici Velen.
Ref.: Imazeki et al., 1988 (sub B. leucomelaena ); Niemelä & Saarenoksa, 1989.

 

 

4a.

Pileus and stipe black, with thick cuticle. Spores 4.5-6 μm diam., warted to echinulate.

 

 

 

Pileus 2-5 cm diam, smooth, lobed. Stipe glabrous, sometimes branched, 2-3 x 0.4-0.8 cm. Pores 2-3/mm, ochraceous, becoming cinnamon to to [p. 32] dark brown. Pileus hyphae hyaline, thin- to thick-walled, 2-5 μm wide. Basidia terminal or lateral, 12-25 x 6-10 μm. Spores thick-walled.
B. atrata Ryv.
Ref.: Hjortstam & Ryvarden, 1982.

 

4b.

Pileus and stipe buff citron, without distinct cuticle. Spores somewhat irregular, 3.7-5 x (2.5-)3.5-4.5 μm, echinulate, ornamentation often bifurcate.

 

 

 

Pileus up to 10 cm diam, tomentose to rugulose, lobed. Stipe floccose-rugulose to tomentose, often branched, 2-5 x 1.2-4 cm. Pores 3-5/mm, cream-coloured to pale citron-buff. Pileus hyphae hyaline, thin- to thick-walled, (1.5-)2-5 μm wide, walls swelling in KOH. -asidia terminal, 16-24 x 4-6 μm. Spores with slightly thickened walls.
B. subcitrina Corner
Ref.: Corner, 1989.

 

 
Botryohypochnus Donk

Basidiome annual, resupinate, hypochnoid. Hymenium not continuous, pale coloured. Hyphal system monomitic. Hyphae hyaline or yellowish with thin or somewhat thickened walls, rather wide, without clamps, branching at right angles. Basidia in candelabrum-like clusters, ovoid to sybcylindrical, with (1B)2B4 sterigmata. Spores hyaline to pale yellow, globose, ovoid, ellipsoid or angular, with thin or thickened walls, ornamented, not amyloid, cyanophilous.
Substratum: saprophytic on bark and wood of angiosperms and gymnosperms.

Type species: Hypochnus isabellinus Fr.: Fr.

References: Christiansen, 1960; Eriksson & Ryvarden, 1973.

1a.

Spores globose to subglobose, slightly thick-walled, with cylindrical spines. Basidia with (1-)2-4 sterigmata.

2

1b.

Spores subglobose to ellipsoid or angular, distinctly thick-walled (at least 1 μm), with (sub-)conical spines. Basidia with 4 sterigmata.

3

 

2a.

Basidia with 4 sterigmata.

 

 

 

Basidiome hypochnoid. Hymenial surface whitish to yellowish, becoming ochraceous to brownish. Basal hyphae subhyaline to yellowish, with thickened walls, 9-12(-14) μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae hyaline, thin-walled, 6-8 μm wide. Basidia ovoid to subcylindrical, 15-22 x 8-10 μm, with 4 sterigmata up to 6 μm long. Spores globose, yellowish, with thin or slightly thickened walls, echinulate 7-10.5 μm diam., spines cylindrical, 1-3 μm long. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
B. isabellinus (Fr.) J. Eriksson [p. 33]
Syn.: Hypochnus argillaceus P. Karst.; Zygodesmus rudis Ellis; Z. marginatus Cooke & Harkness; Odontia tenerrima Wettstein 1888; Tomentella flava Bref.; Z. tubercularis Ellis & Everh.; T. ochraceoviridis Pat.; Z. tenuissimus Peck
Ref.: Eriksson, 1958; Svrček, 1960; Christiansen, 1960; Eriksson & Ryvarden, 1973; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986.

 

2b.

Basidia with (1B)2(-3) sterigmata.

 

 

 

Basidiome hypochnoid. Hymenial surface greyish, sometimes somewhat olivaceous. Basal hyphae yellowish, with thickened walls, 8-11 μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae hyaline, thin-walled, up to 10 μm wide. Basidia ovoid, 17-25 x 10-11 μm, 7-8.5 μm wide at the apex. Spores subglobose, subhyaline to yellowish, thick-walled, echinulate, 8-10(-11.5) x 7.5-10 μm. Associated with angiosperms and gymnosperms.
B. bisporus Boidin & Gilles
Ref.: Boidin & Gilles, 1986.

 

 

3a.

Spores ellipsoid-angular, with thickened to thick walls (up to 2 μm), strongly echinulate, (6.5-)7-8.5 x 6-7 μm, with scattered (up to 12) cylindrical or conical spines (2.5-) 3-4 μm long.

 

 

 

Basidiome hypochnoid. Hymenial surface farinaceous, greyish yellow. Basal hyphae yellowish, with thickened to thick walls, up to 12 μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae hyaline, thin-walled, 6-12 μm wide. Basidia ovoid to clavate or cylindrical, 25-40 x 9-12 μm, with 4 sterigmata up to 7 μm long. Associated with gymnosperms.
B. bondarcevii Parm.
Ref.: Parmasto, 1965.

 

3b.

Spores subglobose to broadly ellipsoid, thick-walled, echinulate, 8-9 μm diam.

 

 

 

Basidiome hypochnoid to slightly pellicular. Hymenial surface pale ochraceous. Basal hyphae yellowish, with thickened to thick walls, up to 10 μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae hyaline, thin-walled, up to 10 μm wide. Basidia ovoid to clavate, 18-25 x 10-12 μm. Spores subglobose,
B. anomalus Hjortstam
Ref.: Hjortstam, 1983.

 
 

Hydnellum P. Karst

Syn.: Calodon P. Karst., Phaeodon J. Schroeter

Basidiome annual, soft to tough, corky or woody, centrally or excentrically stipitate, solitary or concrescent, sometimes branching from a common base; pileus more or less round; abhymenial surface at first velutinous to tomentose, becoming felty to matted, fibrillose, pitted, scrobiculose (ridged) or rarely scaly; colour cream to [p. 34] yellowish, orange, red, brownish, or bluish. Stipe typically solid, tapering or bulbous, sometimes rooting, tomentose, whitish or concolorous with pileus; base sometimes of different colour. Hymenial surface hydnoid, covering the underside of the pileus and often decurrent on the stipe. Spines typically brown to purplish. Trama fibrillose, often with hyphal strands, often duplex, darker coloured zones often present.Spore-print brownish.
Hyphal system monomitic or dimitic. Generative hyphae hyaline to brownish, thin- to somewhat thick-walled, not inflated. Clamps present on all septa, rare or absent. Gloeoplerous-like hyphae which stain deeply in cotton blue typically present, especially in the pileus trama. Cystidia absent. Basidia clavate, with or without basal clamp, with 4 sterigmata. Spores brownish, thin- to thick-walled, subglobose to ellipsoid, irregular in outline, with inequidistant warts, which may be concrescent and thus form a bifurcate (exsculpate) ornamentation or ridge, rarely echinulate, not amyloid.
Substratum: terrestrial, ectomycorrhizal with angiosperms (typically Fagaceae) and gymnosperms (typically Pinaceae).

Type species: Hydnum suaveolens Scop.: Fr.

Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1971, 1975; Harrison, 1962, 1964; Baird, 1986.

1a.

Clamps present, sometimes scattered

2

1b.

Clamps absent from all septa

11

 

2a.

Clamps present on the basidial septum and all primary septa.

 

 

 

Pileus becoming depressed, radially rugulose to scrobiculose, rarely with scales, with bluish, orange, brown, reddish, violaceous to dark grey tinges, up to 7(-13) cm diam, margin even, sometimes becoming lobed; trama typically not duplex, whitish to orange, bluish or grey, typically cyanescent. Spines concolorous to purplish, often with paler tips, up to 5 mm long, decurrent. Stipe central to excentrical, typically with bluish or violaceous tinges when mature, tomentose to glabrous, often narrowed at the base, but sometimes bulbous. Hyphae hyaline, thin-walled, up to 8(-10) μm wide. Gloeoplerous-like hyphae often present in pileus trama. Basidia 20-35 x 4-5.5(-6) μm. Spores coarsely warted, 4.5-5.5(-6) x 3.5-5 μm. Associated with Pinaceae. H. suaveolens complex

3

2b.

Clamps absent from the base ofthe basidia and most septa of the hyphae of the spines, scattered to abundant elsewhere

7

 

3a.

(2a) Pileus dark grey to blackish. Pileus trama brown to dark grey.

 

 

 

Spores 3.7-4.7 x 2.7-3.3 μm. Basidia 19-25 x 3.8-4.5(-5) μm. Trama blue-green in KOH. Associated with Picea.
H. nigellum K. Harrison [p. 35]
Ref.: Harrison, 1964; Baird, 1986a.

 

3b.

Pileus not dark grey or blackish, pileus trama not dark grey

4

 

4a.

(2a) Spores up to 3.7(-4) μm broad. Exudate drops absent. Whitish mycelial pad absent. Pleasant aromatic odour (resembling cumarin) often present, especially after drying.

 

 

 

Pileus when young bluish to whitish, becoming ochraceous yellow to yellowish brown and finally umber. Concentrical zonation may be present (often faint or disappearing)

5

4b.

(2a) Spores up to 4.5(-4.8) μm broad. Young pilei with numerous exudate drops (in older specimens often recognizable by yellowish dots). Whitish mycelial pad often present. No aromatic odour when dry, sometimes fragrant and unpleasant when fresh

6

 

5a.

(2a) After drying typically smelling of cumarin. Spores 4-5(-5.5) x 3-4 μm.

 

 

 

Associated with Pinaceae.
H. suaveolens (Scop.: Fr.) P. Karst.
Syn.: Hydnum boreale Banker; Hydnellum rickerii Banker; Sarcodon gravis Coker
Ref.: Harrison, 1961, 1968; Hall & Stuntz, 1972b; Maas Geesteranus, 1975; Baird, 1986a, 1986b; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986; Cetto, 1987; Imazeki et al., 1988; Moser & Jülich.

 

5b.

(2a) Odour of cumarin absent. Spores 3.5-4.5 x (2.5-)3.2-3.8 μm.

 

 

H. subzonatum K. Harrison
Ref.: Harrison, 1961, 1964; Baird, 1986a.

 

 

6a.

(2a) Spines long, up to 7(-11) μm. Stipe sclerotium-like at the base.

 

 

 

H. scleropodium K. Harrison
Ref.: Harrison, 1964.

 

6b.

(2a) Spines up to 3.5 μm long. Stipe not sclerotium-like at the base.

 

 

 

Pileus yellowish brown or vinaceous cinnamon when young, becoming violaceous blue to violaceous brown. Spores (4-)4.5-5.5(-6) x 3.5-4.5(-5) μm.
H. cruentum K. Harrison
Ref.: Harrison, 1961, 1964; Maas Geesteranus, 1971; Baird, 1986a.
Note: H. cyanopodium K. Harrison is very similar, differing mainly in an overall bluish vinaceous pileus colour.

 
 

7a.

(2) Trama yellow to greenish. Warts of spores not prominent, rounded.

 

 

 

Pilei imbricate, forming complex rosettes, individual pileus centrally or laterally stipitate, yellow when young, becoming olive-green to olive-brown, up to 3 cm diam; trama not duplex. Spines concolorous or brownish, up to 3 mm long, strongly decurrent. Hyphae hyaline, [p. 36] thin-walled, up to 7 μm wide. Clamps present on hyphae of stipe and pileus. Gloeoplerous-like hyphae present. Basidia 18-30(-35) x 4.5-6.5 μm. Spores warted, 4-5.5(-6) x 3-4.5 μm. Associated with Pinaceae.
H. geogenium (Fr.) Banker
Ref.: Harrison, 1961, 1968; Maas Geesteranus, 1975; Baird, 1986a, 1986b; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986; Cetto, 1987.
Note: H. regium K. Harrison may be just an old form of this species. It is said to differ in the thick, uniform olive-green trama; cf. Hall & Stuntz, 1972b.

 

7b.

Trama never yellow or greenish. Warts of spores typically prominent, flattened and often bifurcate.

 

 

 

Pileus convex to plane, becoming depressed, glabrous to sometimes tomentose, becoming roughened, pale bluish when very young, becoming whitish, yellowish white, orange-brown, finally dark brown or violaceous brown to blackish, sometimes with bluish tinges, up to 7 cm diam, margin even. Trama typically duplex. Spines brownish orange when fresh, becoming grey-brown to purplish when old, up to 4 mm long, not to strongly decurrent. Stipe central, narrowed at the sometime bulbous base. Gloeoplerous-like hyphae may be present. Basidia 25-40 x 5-7(-8) μm. Spores coarsely warted, (4.2-)4.5-6(-6.5) x (3.5-)4-5 μm. Associated with Pinaceae (except sometimes H. caeruleum ).

8

 

8a.

Trama with pink to pale red tinges. Exudate drops often present when young. Odour of nuts. H. peckii complex

9

8b.

Trama with blue to violaceous tinges, sometimes also orange-brown. Exudate drops absent. Odour absent. H. caeruleum complex

10

 

9a.

(7b) Clamps scattered in stipe and pileus trama.

 

 

 

H. diabolus Banker
Syn.: Hydnellum rhizopes Coker Ref.: Harrison, 1961; Baird, 1986a, 1986b

 

9b.

(7b) Clamps present on all primary septa in stipe and pileus trama.

 

 

 

H. peckii Banker in Peck
Ref.: Harrison, 1961, 1968; Hall & Stuntz, 1972b; Maas Geesteranus, 1971; Baird, 1986a; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986; Cetto, 1987.

 

 

10a.

(7b) Clamps scattered in pileus and absent in stipe trama.
H. caeruleum (Hornem.) P. Karst.
Syn.: Hydnym cyanotinctum Peck; H. inquinatum Banker; H. ferrugipes Coker
Ref.: Harrison, 1961, 1968; Hall & Stuntz, 1972b; Maas Geesteranus, 1971, 1975; Baird, 1986a, 1986b; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986; Cetto, 1987; Imazeki et al., 1988; Moser & Jülich. [p. 37]

 

10b.

(7b) Clamps present on all primary septa in stipe and pileus trama.
H. cyanodon K. Harrison
Ref.: Harrison, 1964; Baird, 1986a.

 
 

11a.

(1) Ornamentation of spores coarsely echinulate, acute.

 

 

 

Pileus convex to depressed, up to 9 cm diam, concrescent and imbricate, velutinous to tomentose, becoming roughened in the centre, buff to orange-brown when young, becoming reddish brown or purplish brown, to even blackish brown when old, sometimes with yellowish excreted pustules when dry. Margin even. Trama typically duplex, pale orange to brick red to dark brown, especially above the spines. Spines brownish orange when fresh, becoming grey-brown or dark brown when old, up to 4 mm long, strongly decurrent. Stipe central to excentrical, typically short, concolorous. Gloeoplerous-like hyphae may be present. Basidia 20-35 x 5-7 μm. Spores coarsely echinulate, 4-5.5 x 3.5-4.5(-5) μm. Associated with Pinaceae.
H. cumulatum K. Harrison
Ref.: Harrison, 1964, 1968; Hall & Stuntz, 1972b; Maas Geesteranus, 1975; Baird, 1986a; Cetto, 1987.

 

11b.

Ornamentation of spores wart-like to coarse and flattened, blunt

12

 

12a.

Pileus trama vinaceous brown to purplish brown, turning violaceous in KOH, but quickly changing into olive-green (sometimes indistinct in young specimens!)

13

12b.

Pileus trama whitish, yellowish to pale yellow or pale brown, olive-green in KOH

22

 

13a.

Spores 4.3-4.7 long or longer than 7 μm

14

13b.

Spores at least on average between 5 and 7 μm long

15

 

14a.

Spores 7-8.3 x 5.7-6.3 μm.

 

 

 

Pileus convex to depressed, up to 6 cm diam, solitary, velutinous to felty, grooved in the centre, purplish brown with yellowish to paler brown zones, with many whitish pustules of excreted matter when dry. Margin lobed. Trama not duplex, purplish brown. Spines purplish brown, up to 2.5mm long, somewhat decurrent. Stipe central with a bulbous base, dark red-brown to purplish brown, trama duplex. Basidia 30-36 x 6-8 μm. Spores coarsely tuberculate to bifurcate.
H. papuanum Maas Geest.
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1971

 .

14b.

Spores small, 4.3-4.7 x 2.7-3.7 μm.

 

 

 

Pileus plane to depressed, up to 3 cm diam, solitary or concrescent, velutinous to felty, becoming glabrous, no concentrical or radial structures, [p. 38] pale purplish brown, ochraceous yellow in the centre, with many pustules of excreted matter when dry. Trama somewhat duplex, purplish brown. Spines pale purplish brown, up to 2.5 mm long, decurrent. Stipe central, attenuate at the base, dark red-brown to purplish brown, trama duplex. Hyphae thin-walled. Basidia 25-35 x 5.5-7 μm. Ornamentation of spores coarsely tuberculate to flattened. Associated with Pinaceae.
H. gracilipes (P. Karst.) P. Karst.
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1975.

 

 

15a.

Pileus radiately strigose or with radiate ridges or grooves. After drying conspicuous whitish to yellowish pustules of excreted matter present

16

15b.

Pileus without distinct radiate structure (except sometimes at the margin). No pustules of excreted matter after drying

18

 

16a.

Spores nearly even in outline, covered with regular, rounded warts.

 

 

 

Pileus depressed to umbilicate, up to 7 cm diam, solitary or concrescent, tomentose when young, becoming rugose or radiately grooved, often with excrescences or lamellar structures, whitish to pinkish brown when young, becoming reddish brown to purplish brown or blackish brown, often with concentrical zones and yellowish pustules of excreted matter when dry. Margin even, sometimes rolled-in. Trama sometimes duplex, purplish brown. Spines purplish brown, up to 3 mm long, decurrent. Stipe central with a bulbous base, red-brown to purplish brown, trama duplex. Gloeoplerous-like hyphae may be present. Basidia 25-40 x 5.5-8 μm. Spores tuberculate, rarely bifurcate, (4.5-)5-7 x 4-5(-6) μm. Associated with gymnosperms.
H. scrobiculatum (Fr.) P. Karst.
Syn.: Hydnum queletii Fr.
Ref.: Harrison, 1968; Hall & Stuntz, 1972b; Maas Geesteranus, 1971, 1975; Baird, 1986a, 1986b; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986.

 

16b.

Spores more or less irregular or lobed, ornamentation wart-like, often concrescent (or flattened to bifurcate ridges).

 

 

 

Pileus plane-convex to depressed, up to 7(-10) cm diam, solitary to concrescent, velutinous to felty, becoming radiately fibrillose or ridged, with yellowish brown, pinkish brown or purplish brown tinges, with many whitish pustules of excreted matter when dry. Trama duplex or not, reddish brown to purplish brown. Spines purplish brown, up to 3 mm long, decurrent. Stipe central, attenuate or with a bulbous base, concolorous, trama duplex. Gloeoplerous-like hyphae present. Basidia 25-40 x 5.5-7 μm. Spores (4-)4.5-6 x 3.5-4.5(-5) μm. H. concrescens complex

17

 

17a.

(16b) Trama up to 5 mm thick in the centre.

 

 

 

Pileus pinkish brown to vinaceous, brownish yellow to isabelline when dry, darkening relatively late to umber-brown. Associated with Pinaceae. [p. 39]
H. tardum Maas Geest.
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1975.
Note: H. staurastrum Maas Geest. is very similar.

 

17b.

(16b) Trama rarely more than 2 mm thick in the centre.

 

 

 

Spores 4.5-6(-6.5) x 3.5-4.5(-5) μm. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
H. concrescens (Pers.: Fr.) Banker
Syn.: Hydnum vespertilio Berk.; Hydnum fasciatum Peck; Hydnellum parvum Banker; Hydnum spathulatum Lloyd; Hydnellum subsuccosum K. Harrison
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1971, 1975; Baird, 1986a, 1986b; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986; Cetto, 1987; Imazeki et al., 1988; Moser & Jülich.

 

 

18a.

(15) Pileus with grey to isabel tinges, not becoming reddish brown when bruised. Cf. H. coalitum under31b.

 

18b.

Pileus with pinkish brown to red-brown tinges, becoming dark red-brown to nearly black when bruised

19

 

19a.

Young parts blue-grey when fresh. Trama bluish. Clamps present at some septa of pileus hyphae. Cf. H. caeruleum under 10a.

 

19b.

Young parts and trama without bluish tinge. Clamps absent everywhere.

 

 

 

Pileus plane-convex to depressed, up to 7(-10) cm diam, solitary to concrescent, velutinous to felty or tomentose, sometimes with concentric ridges, with yellowish brown, pinkish brown or purplish brown tinges. Margin sometimes lobed. Trama duplex or not, reddish brown to purplish brown. Spines purplish brown, up to 6 mm long, decurrent. Stipe central, concolorous, velutinous to tomentose, attenuate or with a bulbous base, concolorous, trama duplex. Gloeoplerous-like hyphae present. Basidia 25-40 x 5.5-7(-8) μm. H. ferrugineum complex

20

 

20a.

(19b) Spores strongly lobed (or with long, often bifurcate ornamentation), (5.5-)6-7(-7.3) x 4.5-6 μm. Stipe tomentose. Associated with Fagaceae.
H. spongiosipes (Peck) Pouzar
Syn.: Hydnellum nuttallii Banker
Ref.: Harrison, 1961, 1968; Maas Geesteranus, 1975; Baird, 1986a, 1986b; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986; Moser & Jülich.

 

20b.

(19b) Spores irregular (with shorter ornamentation). Stipe felty. Associated with Pinaceae (as far as known)

21

 

21a.

(19b) Spores 5-6(-6.3) x (3.5-)4-5 μm.
H. ferrugineum (Fr.: Fr.) P. Karst.
Syn.: Hydnellum pineticola K. Harrison [p. 40]
Ref.: Harrison, 1964, 1968; Maas Geesteranus, 1975; Baird, 1986a, 1986b; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986; Cetto, 1987.

 

21b.

Spores 6.3-7 x 4.5-5 μm. Cf. H. fraudulentum under 29a

 
 

22a.

(12) Pileus with orange to red or red-brown tinges, often becoming blackish when bruised. Trama with orange tinges. Taste not acrid or pungent.

 

 

 

Pileus plane-convex to depressed, up to 7 cm diam, solitary to concrescent, often with fusing pileoli sprouting from main stem, tomentose, glabrescent, becoming fibrillose, which may develop into appressed scales or irregular excrescences or radiate ridges. Trama duplex, whitish to yellowish, pale orange, pale brown, orange-brown or red. Spines orange-white to orange, becoming tawny to fuscous or purplish brown, up to 5 mm long, decurrent. Stipe central to excentrical, velutinous to tomentose, attenuate or with a bulbous base, trama duplex. Gloeoplerous-like hyphae may be present. Basidia 25-40 x 5-7(-8) μm

23

22b.

Pileus with yellow, olive or dull brown tinges. Trama pallid or brownish. Acrid or pungent taste may be present. (This group contains species transitional to Sarcodon )

28

 

23a.

Stipe fulvous to bay. Pileus trama pale brown to red-brown. H. complicatum complex

24

23b.

Stipe orange to orange-brown. Pileus trama whitish, yellowish, orange or red. H. aurantiacum complex

25

 

24a.

(22a) Pileus cream-coloured to orange-white when young, becoming rusty brown to reddish umber when mature. Spores 4.5-5.5(-6) x (3.5)-4-5 μm.
H. complicatum Banker
Syn.: Hydnellum carolinianum Coker
Ref.: Coker & Beers, 1951; Baird, 1986a, 1986b.

 

24b.

(22a) Pileus cream-coloured when young, yellowish brown when older.Spores 4.5-5 x 3-3.6 μm.
H. crustulinum Maas Geest.
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1971.
Note: this may be based on an immature specimen of the former species.

 

 

25a.

(22a) Spores (5.5-)6-7(-8) x (4.5-)5-6(-6.5) μm. Trama whitish to yellowish, rarely pale orange. Marginal spines whitish. Associated with gymnosperms, more rarely with angiosperms.
H. aurantiacum (Batsch: Fr.) P. Karst.
Syn.: Hydnellum complectipes Hall & Stuntz
Ref.: Harrison, 1961, 1968; Hall & Stuntz, 1972b; Maas Geesteranus, 1975; Baird, 1986a, 1986b; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986; Cetto, 1987; Moser & Jülich. [p. 41]

 

25b.

Spores 4.5-5.5(-6) x 3.5-5 μm. Trama orange to orange-brown or red. Marginal spines yellowish

26

 

26a

(22a) Pileus whitish to pale orange when young, later becoming orange-brown, without darker fibrils. Associated with Pinus.
H. chrysinum K. Harrison
Ref.: Harrison, 1964; Baird, 1986a.

 

26b.

Pileus yellow when young, orange to vivid orange-brown or red when mature, sometimes with darker fibrils

27

 

27a.

(22a) Pileus with distinct concentrical zones, yellow when young, becoming salmon, orange-red to brick-red when mature; dark radiating fibrils absent.
H. earlianum Banker
Ref.: Harrison, 1968; Maas Geesteranus, 1971; Baird, 1986a, 1986b.

 

27b.

(22a) Pileus without concentrical zones, yellow when young, becoming orange to vivid orange-brown and finally dark red-brown, with darker fibrils (sometimes nearly squamulose). Associated with gymnosperms.
H. auratile (Britz.) Maas Geest.
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1971, 1975; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986.
Note: Hydnum conigenum Peck is probably identical (Harrison, 1968).

 
 

28a.

(22) Taste mild or none

29

28b.

Taste acrid, bitter or pungent

33

 

29a.

Spores 6.3-7 x 4.5-4.8 6 μm.

 

 

 

Pileus depressed, up to 4 cm diam, concrescent, velutinous, becoming fibrillose, which may develop into appressed scales or irregular excrescences, whitish to yellowish grey (sometimes with an orange flash) when young, becoming buff to purplish brown or dark brown in the centre. Trama duplex or not, orange-brown, with blue-grey bands. Spines purplish brown, up to 3 mm long, decurrent. Stipe central to excentrical, tomentose to felty, with a bulbous base, trama duplex, orange-brown with bluish bands at the base. Basidia 30-40 x 6-7μm.
H. fraudulentum Maas Geest.
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1971.

 

29b.

Spores (4-)4.5-5.5(-6) x 3-4.5 μm.

 

 

 

Pileus plane-convex to depressed, up to 9 cm diam, highly concrescent to fused, often with fusing pileoli sprouting from main stem, velutinous to tomentose, glabrescent, becoming fibrillose, rugose or scrobiculate. Trama duplex or not, whitish to pale brown, often becoming dark brown or with dark brown zones. Spines orange-white, becoming tawny to fuscous or purplish brown, up to 4 mm long, decurrent. Stipe central to excentrical, often fused, velutinous to tomentose or felty, attenuate or with a bulbous [p. 42] base. Gloeoplerous-like hyphae may be present. Basidia 20-35 x (4-)4.5-6.5 μm

30

 

30a.

Skeletal hyphae present in stipe

31

30b.

Skeletal hyphae absent

32

 

31a.

(29b) Some pileus hyphae inflated. Pileus yellowish brown or buff, becoming dark brown with age. Associated with gymnosperms.
H. stereosarcinon (Wehmeyer) Stalpers
Ref.: Harrison, 1961; Baird, 1986a, 1986b.

 

31b. 

(29b) Pileus hyphae not inflated. Pileus brownish grey to isabelline, becoming dark brown with age. Associated with Pinaceae.
H. coalitum Maas Geest.
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1975.

 

 

32a.

(29b) Pileus with pinkish to reddish tinges, becoming dark brown. Spore ornamentation prominently tuberculate. Associated with Pinaceae.
H. multiceps K. Harrison
Ref.: Harrison, 1961, 1964; Baird, 1986a.

 

32b.

(29b) Pileus with grey tinges, becoming brownish grey. Spore ornamentation low tuberculate. Associated with gymnosperms.
H. frondosum K. Harrison
Syn.: H. septentrionale K. Harrison
Ref.: Harrison, 1961, 1964, 1968; Baird, 1986a.

 
 

33a.

(28) Pileus avellaneous to buff-brown to natal-brown, without olivaceous tinges. Taste and odour pungent.

 

 

 

Pileus plane-convex, up to 4 cm diam, lobed, velutinous to fibrillose, which may rugulose or develop into appressed scales. Trama pale brown. Spines brown, decurrent. Stipe central, tomentose, buff to pale brown. Gloeoplerous-like hyphae present. Spores tuberculate, 5-6(-7) x 4-5 μm.
H. dissimulans (K. Harrison) Stalpers
Ref. Harrison & Grund, 1984; Baird, 1986a.

 

33b.

Pileus white to yellowish or fawn when young, becoming olivaceous to brownish. Taste acrid, odour none or farinaceous.

 

 

 

Pileus plane-convex to depressed, up to 11 cm diam, solitary or concrescent, rarely with fusing pileoli sprouting from main stem, velutinous to tomentose or strigose, glabrescent, becoming pitted. Trama cream-coloured to pale brown, often becoming dark brown or with dark brown zones. Spines becoming purplish brown, up to 5 mm long, decurrent. Stipe central to excentrical, rarely fused, velutinous to tomentose or felty. At least some pileus hyphae inflated, up to 10-14 μm. Gloeoplerous-like hyphae may be present. Basidia 25-35(-50) x 5-7 μm. [p. 43] Spores with tuberculate to bifurcate ornamentation, (4.5-)5-6.5(-7) x 4-5.5 μm. H. compactum complex

34

 

34a.

Mature pilei with olivaceous hues

35

34b.

Olivaceous tinges absent in any stage of development

36

 

35a.

(33b) Trama of pileus duplex. Associated with Pinaceae.
H. mirabile (Fr.) P. Karst.
Syn.: Hydnum acre Quélet 1878
Ref.: Harrison, 1961, 1968; Maas Geesteranus, 1975; Baird, 1986a; Cetto, 1987.

 

35b.

(33b) Trama of pileus not duplex. Associated with Fagaceae.
H. compactum (Pers.: Fr.) P. Karst.
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1975; Baird, 1986a; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986; Cetto, 1987; Moser & Jülich.

 

 

36a.

(33b) Pileus strigose when young. Mature pilei pale brown to cinnamon. Pileus trama not duplex. Associated mainly with angiosperms.
H. cristatum (Bres.) Stalpers
Ref.: Harrison, 1961; Baird, 1986a, 1986b.

 

36b.

(33b) Pileus velutinous when young. Mature pilei dark brown. Pileus trama duplex. Associated mainly with gymnosperms.
H. piperatus (Coker ex Maas Geest.) Maas Geest.
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1963; Baird, 1986a, 1986b.
Note: H. singeri Maas Geest. is very similar; it should differ by the absence of radiating fibres and concentrical zones on the pileus surface.

 
 

Lenzitopsis Malençon & Bertault

Syn.: Lenzitella Ryv.

Basiodiocarp annual, resupinate to effused-reflexed, submembranaceous. Abhymenial surface tomentose to glabrous. Hymenial surface irpicoid to irregularly poroid or irregularly lamellate, with brown to black-brown tinges. Hyphal system monomitic. Hyphae with thin to thickened walls, hyaline to brownish, with or without clamps. Sterile hymenial elements hyphoid or absent. Basidia clavate to clavate-cylindrical, often somewhat constricted and narrowed towards the base, with 2-4 sterigmata. Spores subglobose to broadly ellipsoid, yellowish to brown, warted, thin-walled.
Substratum: saprophytic on decayed wood.

Type species: L. oxycedri Malençon & Bertault [p. 44]

References: Malençon & Bertault, 1963

Basidiome effused, effused-reflexed or dimidiate, 2-10 mm thick. Pileate part up to 3 cm wide. Abhymenial surface tomentose to glabrous, brown to black-brown, margin cream to ochraceous. Trama white to pale brown. Hymenophore irpicoid to raduloid to lamellate, lamellae 5-10 mm high, dark brown. Subicular and subhymenial hyphae hyaline, thin-walled, 2.5-4 μm wide. Clamps present on most septa. Brownish crystalline material often abundant. Sterile hyphae may be present between the basidia. Basidia clavate, 50-85 x 5-8 μm. Spores brown, subglobose to broadly ellipsoid, warted, 5.5-7.2 x 4.5-6 μm, not cyanescent in KOH. Trama greenish blue to dark brown in KOH. Associated with gymnosperms.
L. oxycedri Malençon & Bertault
Syn.: Lenzitella malenconii Ryv.
Ref.: Malençon & Bertault, 1963; Manjon & Moreno, 1981.
Note: Lenzitopsis has been considered as invalidly published because no type species was indicated (Art. 37.1) and L. oxycedri because it was published in an invalidly published genus. However, Lenzitopsis was published with one species only, which was newly described and thus the description of L. oxycedri meets the conditions for a descriptio generico-specifico (Art. 42.1) and thus both genus and species are validly published. The fact that also a generic description is available does not affect this rule. Both Lenzitella and L. malenconii are thus superfluous names.

 
Phellodon P. Karst.

Basidiome annual, soft to tough, centrally or excentrically stipitate, solitary or concrescent, sometimes branching from a common base; pileus more or less round, plane to depressed or umbilicate; abhymenial surface at first velutinous to tomentose, becoming felty to matted, fibrillose, roughened, pitted or ridged, sometimes with concentrical zones; colour cream to yellowish, brownish, greenish, greyish or black. Stipe flattened to cylindrical, tapering or bulbous, velutinous or tomentose, becoming glabrous, often with tomentose to matted mycelial pad at the base. Hymenial surface hydnoid, covering the underside of the pileus and often decurrent on the stipe. Spines typically greyish brown. Trama fibrillose, often duplex, often zoned, often cyanescent. Spore-print white. Odour often of fenugreek when dried.
Hyphal system monomitic. Generative hyphae hyaline to brownish, thin-walled, not inflated. Clamps present in one species, absent in the others. Hyphae with brownish contents typically present, especially in tomentum of pileus (gloeoplerous-like hyphae). Cystidia absent. Basidia clavate, with or without basal clamp, with 4 sterigmata. Spores white to cream-coloured, thin-walled, globose to subglobose, more rarely ellipsoid, echinulate with equidistant spines, not amyloid. [p. 45]
Substratum: terrestrial, ectomycorrhizal with angiosperms (typically Fagaceae) and gymnosperms (typically Pinaceae).

Type species: Hydnum nigrum Fr.: Fr.

References: Maas Geesteranus, 1971, 1975; Harrison, 1964; Baird, 1986a

1a.

Clamps present on most septa.

 

 

 

Pileus depressed to infundibuliform, solitary or concrescent, tomentose becoming glabrous and pitted to strigose or rugulose; pale brown to cinnamon, margin whitish to yellowish, up to 7 cm diam. Trama not duplex, pale brown. Spines whitish to brownish when fresh, up to 3.5 mm long, decurrent. Stipe central to excentrical, terete, trama brown, sometimes with attached rhizomorphic mycelium. Basidia 22-35 x (3.5-)4.5-6.5 μm. Spores globose to subglobose, echinulate, 4.5-5.3 x 4-5 μm. Associated (as far as known) with angiosperms.

2

1b.

Clamps absent or very rare in the stipe

4

 

2a.

(1a) Spines up to 3.5 mm long. Pileus up to 7 cm diam, pale brown to cinnamon. Stipe sometimes with attached rhizomorphic mycelium. Hyphae up to 6(-8) μm wide.
P. fibulatus K. Harrison
Ref.: Harrison, 1972; Baird, 1986a, 1986b.

 

2b.

Spines up to 1 mm long. Pileus up to 4 cm diam, cream-coloured to reddish brown to greyish. Stipe without rhizomorphic mycelium. Some hyphae in pileus or stipe up to 11(-12) μm wide

3

 

3a.

(1a) Trama of pileus less than 1 mm thick. Spines not decurrent. Basidiome not multipileate.
P. implicatus Baird & Khan
Ref.: Baird & Khan, 1986.

 

3b.

(1a) Trama of pileus exceeding 1.5 mm in thickness. Spines strongly decurrent. Basidiome multipileate.
P. tenuis Baird
Ref.: Baird, 1988.

 

 

4a.

Pileus trama at least above the spines very dark grey to black. Inner trama of stipe firm to woody.

 

 

 

Pileus plane, soon becoming depressed to infundibuliform, sometimes laterally stipitate and flabelliform, solitary or confluent, tomentose, becoming glabrous and pitted to strigose and radiately ridged; whitish, brownish or grey or more rarely violet or purplish when very young, becoming fuscous to blackish, sometimes with olivaceous hue, up to 6 cm diam. [p. 46] Dark concentrical zones may be present. Margin even to lacerate. Mycelial pad typically present. Trama typically duplex, strongly cyanescent. Spines greyish to violaceous when fresh, up to 3 mm long, decurrent. Stipe central, felty, terete, sometimes with bulbous base. Hyphae up to 6.5 μm wide. Basidia 22-35 x (4-)5-7 μm. Spores globose to subglobose, echinulate, 3.5-5 x 3-4.5 μm. P. niger complex

5

4b

Pileus trama not nearly black. Inner trama of stipe not woody

7

 

5a

(4a) Trama of stipe duplex. Odour distinct, somewhat spicy.

 

 

 

Pileus greyish or brownish, sometimes violet, becoming dark brown to black. Associated with angiosperms and gymnosperms.
P. niger (Fr.: Fr.) P. Karst.
Syn.: Hydnum olidum Berk.; H. albonigrum Peck; H. confluens Peck; H. cuneatum Lloyd Ref.: Harrison, 1961, 1968; Maas Geesteranus, 1971, 1975; Baird, 1986a; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986; Cetto, 1987; Imazeki et al., 1988; Moser & Jülich.
Note: P. nothofagi McNabb (1971) is very close, differing in the absence of odour and and small (up to 4.5 cm) basidiomes.

 

5b.

Trama of stipe not duplex

6

 

6a.

(4a) Pileus with dark olivaceous or dark green tinges. Associated with angiosperms.
P. sinclairii (Berk. in Hooker) G.H. Cunn.
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1971.

 

6b.

(4a) Pileus bluish black. Associated with gymnosperms.
P. atratus K. Harrison
Ref.: Harrison, 1964; Hall & Stuntz, 1971; Baird, 1986a.

 

 

7a.

Pileus with yellowish brown or orange-brown to red-brown tinges and/or spores longer than 5 μm or wider than 4 μm. Stipe often with orange or brownish tinge, especially at the base, often arising from a mycelial pad.

 

 

 

Pileus plane, soon becoming depressed to infundibuliform, solitary or confluent, velutinous to tomentose, becoming glabrous and pitted to strigose or scrobiculate; yellowish brown when young, becoming warm brown, orange-brown or fulvous and finally black when old, up to 7 cm diam. Dark concentrical zones may be present. Margin even to lacerate. Trama not or indistinctly duplex. Spines whitish, yellowish or greyish brown, up to 2 mm long, decurrent. Stipe central, terete, sometimes with bulbous base or radicating. Hyphae up to 6(-8) μm wide. Basidia (25-)30-40(-50) x (5.5-)6-7(-8.5) μm. Spores globose to subglobose, echinulate, (3.5-)4.3-5.5 x (3-)3.7-5 μm. Associated with angiosperms. P. putidus complex [p. 47]

8

7b.

Pileus without warm brown tinges. Spores 4-5 μm long and up to 4.5 μm broad. Stipe without orange or brownish tinge and not arising from mycelial pad

10

 

8a.

(7a) Trama of pileus orange brown. Stipe typically rooting.
P. putidus (Atk.) Banker
Syn.: Phellodon cokeri Banker; P. hesleri Coker
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1971; Baird, 1986a, 1986b.
Note: P. rufipes Maas Geest. and P. excentri-mexicana Baird may be conspecific.

 

8b.

Trama of pileus grey brown. Stipe rarely rooting

9

 

9a.

(7a) Stipe long and slender, at least 25 mm long and 1-4 mm diam.
P. plicatus (Lloyd) Maas Geest.
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1971.

 

9b.

(7a) Stipe up to 20 mm long and 9 mm diam.
P. radicatus Baird
Ref.: Baird, 1984, 1986a.

 

 

10a

Trama of pileus and stipe olivaceous.

 

 

 

Pileus plane, soon becoming depressed to infundibuliform, solitary or typically concrescent, tomentose, becoming radiately fibrillose, or roughened in the centre; yellowish green to greyish green, becoming dark olive, up to 5 cm diam. Concentrical zones often present. Trama duplex. Spines grey, up to 2 mm long, decurrent. Stipe central, terete. Hyphae up to 7 μm wide. Basidia 30-50 x 6-8 μm. Spores globose to subglobose, echinulate, 3.5-5(-5.5) x (2.7-)3-4 μm. Associated with angiosperms.
P. maliensis (Lloyd) Maas Geest.
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1971; Baird, 1986a.

 

10b.

Trama of pileus and stipe grey brown to dark brown.

 

 

 

Pileus plane, becoming depressed to infundibuliform, solitary or typically concrescent, velutinous to tomentose, becoming felty or glabrous to radiately fibrillose, scrobiculose or ridged; whitish, greyish, yellowish brown to grey-brown, sometimes becoming dark brown to blackish olive, up to 7 cm diam. Concentrical zones often present. Margin whitish when young. Trama not or indistinctly duplex, whitish to yellowish brown or greyish brown. Spines whitish to brownish, up to 2 mm long, decurrent. Stipe central, terete. Hyphae up to 6(-7) μm wide. Clamps may be rarely present in the stipe. Basidia 20-30 x (4-)4.5-6 μm. Spores globose to subglobose, echinulate, 3-4.5(-5) x 3-4.5(-5) μm.

11

 

11a.

(10b) Spores 3-3.7(-4.2) x 2.7-3.5(-4) μm. Pileus distinctly zonate. [p. 48]

 

 

 

Stipe felty. Trama of stipe duplex. Spore ornamentation up to 0.4 μm long. Associated with gymnosperms.
P. tomentosus (L.: Fr.) Banker
Syn.: Hydnum cyathiforme Schaeffer; H. leptopus Pers.
Ref.: Harrison, 1968; Hall & Stuntz, 1971; Maas Geesteranus, 1971, 1975; Baird, 1986a, 1986b; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986; Cetto, 1987.

 

11b.

Spores larger, 3.5-4.5(-5) x (3-)3.3-4.5 μm. Pileus often not zonate.

12

 

12a.

(10b) Stipe felty. Trama of stipe duplex. Ornamentation of spores prominent, up to 0.8 μm long. Associated with angiosperms, more rarely with gymnosperms.
P. confluens (Pers.) Pouzar
Syn.: Hydnum amicum Quél.; H. vellereum Peck
Ref.: Harrison, 1961, 1968; Maas Geesteranus, 1971, 1975; Baird, 1986a, 1986b; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986

 

 

12b.

(10b) Stipe smooth. Trama of stipe not duplex. Ornamentation of spores less prominent, up to 0.5 μm long. Associated with angiosperms and gymnosperms.
P. melaleucus (Swartz: Fr. in Fr.) P. Karst.
Syn.: Hydnum delicatum Schw.; H. graveolens Pers.; Phellodon ellisianus Banker; H. pygmaeum Yasuda; P. brunneo-olivaceus Coker & Beers; P. brunneoroseus Snell et al.
Ref.: Harrison, 1961, 1968; Hall & Stuntz, 1971; Maas Geesteranus, 1971, 1975; Baird, 1986a, 1986b; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986.

 

 
Polyozellus Murrill

Basidiome annual, soft, fan-shaped to spathulate and merismatoid to infundibuliform, more or less centrally stipitate, gregarious. Abhymenial surface at first velutinous to tomentose, becoming glabrous or zonate, with grey, violaceous or black tinges. Trama violaceous black. Hymenial surface covered with longitudinal ridges, which may branch or anastomose, dark greyish violet. Trama watery soft. Spore print white. Odour pungent to aromatic.
Hyphal system monomitic. Hyphae hyaline, thin- to somewhat thick-walled, not inflated, often covered with bluish black granules. Clamps present in subhymenium and many septa of the subiculum. Some septa ampullate. Gloeoplerous-like hyphae with brownish contents typically present. Cystidia absent. Basidia clavate, with 4 sterigmata. Spores hyaline, thin-walled, globose to broadly ellipsoid, with large warts, that may fuse and cause an irregular to even lobed outline, not amyloid, yellowish brown in KOH. Hymenium cyanescent (crystals between hyphae becoming greenish in KOH).
Substratum: terrestrial, ectomycorrhizal with gymnosperms (typically Pinaceae).[p. 49]

Type species: Cantharellus multiplex Underwood

References: Smith & Morse, 1947; Bigelow, 1978.

Monotypic. Basidiome up to 15 cm high, occurring in large tufts (up to 1 m diam.), margin even to lobed. Abhymenial surface blush, greyish blue to violaceous black, becoming more greenish when dry. Stipe 2-5 cm long. Tramal hyphae 2.5-6(-8) μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae 2.5-4 μm wide. Basidia 30-75 x 6-9(-11) μm. Spores (5.5-)6.5-9(-10) x 5.5-8 μm. Hyphae and basidia cyanescent in KOH.
P. multiplex (Underwood) Murrill
Ref.: Mounce & Jackson, 1937; Smith & Morse, 1947; Bigelow, 1978; Imazeki et al., 1988.

 
Pseudotomentella Svrček

Incl.: Tomentellina Höhnel & Litsch.

Basidiome annual, resupinate, effused, arachnoid, byssoid, tomentose or pellicular. Hymenial surface continuous when mature, even, pale or dark coloured. Hyphal system mono- or dimitic. Hyphal strands typically present. Skeletal hyphae yellowish, 1-2.5 μm wide. Generative subicular hyphae typically with thickened walls, brownish, without clamps or rarely with scattered or abundant clamps. Sterile hymenial structures absent. Basidia spheropedunculate when immature, pedunculate-clavate when mature, sometimes with median septum, with (2-)4 sterigmata which may become septate. Spores subhyaline to pale yellowish, rarely brown, globose to irregularly globose, often lobed when young, typically warted and warts becoming bifurcate, rarely echinulate, with thickened walls, 5-12 μm diam.
Substratum: saprophytic on wood of angiosperms and gymnosperms.

Type species: Hypochnus mucidula P. Karst.

References: Larsen, 1971; Svrček, 1960.

1a.

Clamps absent or rare and only at subicular hyphae, always lacking at the basidia.

2

1b.

Clamps present at most primary septa, always at the basidia.

8

 

2a.

Cystidia brown, thick-walled, septate, 100-200 x 4-7(-10) μm, single or in fascicles. [p. 50]

 

 

 

Basidiome tomentose to hypochnoid, separable. Hymenial surface even, hispid, sometimes hydnoid, ferrugineous to dark brown. Subiculum concolorous or darker, margin paler. Hyphal strands present. Skeletal hyphae yellowish, 1.5-2 μm wide. Generative subicular hyphae 3.5-5(-6) μm wide, some slightly purplish in KOH. Subhymenial hyphae hyaline to yellowish, thin-walled, 2.5-4 μm wide. Clamps only found on subicular hyphae, sometimes completely absent. Basidia (25-)35-50(-60) x 5-8(-9) μm, somewhat ochraceous in KOH. Spores irregularly globose to lobed, (6-)7-11 μm wide, warted and warts often dichotomously branched. Associated with angiosperms and gymnosperms.
Tomentellina fibrosa (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) M.J. Larsen
Syn.: Kneiffiella bombycina P. Karst.; Tomentellina ferruginosa Höhnel & Litsch.; Hypochnus canadensis Burt
Ref.: Svrček 1960; Gilbertson, 1974; Larsen, 1968; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986.

 

2b.

Cystidia absent.

3

 

3a.

Skeletal hyphae absent, subicular hyphae at least 2.5 μm wide.

 

 

 

Basidiome effused, separable, pellicular to tomentose, up to 2 mm thick. Hymenial surface ferrugineous to brown or greyish brown, typically with olivaceous or greenish tinges. Subiculum ferrugineous brown. Margin fibrillose. Hyphal strands absent or obscure. Subicular hyphae brown, 2.5-4.5(-6) μm wide. Basidia 40-80 x 8-12 μm, sterigmata up to 13 μm long. Hyphae and basidia often cyanescent in KOH. Spores pale brown to brown, globose to subglobose to irregular, warted to echinulate, (7-)8-11(-12) x 7-10(-11) μm. Associated with angiosperms and gymnosperms.
P. tristis (P. Karst.) M.J. Larsen
Syn.: Thelephora umbrina auctt. non Fr. 1828; Hypochnopsis fuscata P. Karst.; Hypochnus sitnensis Bres. 1897; H. rhacodium Berk. & M.A. Curtis apud Burt
Ref.: Svrček 1960; Larsen, 1967a; Larsen, 1968; Larsen, 1971.
Note: P. longisterigmata M.J. Larsen is only a form of this species. The type (and only collection) differs mainly in the extremely long sterigmata (up to 18 μm) and the more abundant presence of hyphal strands.

 

3b.

Skeletal hyphae present in subiculum, 1-2.5 μm wide.

4

 

4a.

Spores (7-)8-11(-12) μm, on average exceeding 8 μm diam.

 

 

 

Hymenial surface with brown, violaceous or black tinges. Basidiome tomentose to pellicular. Skeletal hyphae 1-2.5 μm wide. Generative subicular hyphae thick-walled, 2-3(-4) μm wide. Spores globose to irregularly globose, warted or more rarely echinulate. T. mucidula -complex

5

4b.

Spores 5.5-8(-10) μm, on average smaller than 8 μm diam. [p. 51]

 

 

 

Basidiome arachnoid to pellicular, when thick becoming felty, rarely byssoid. Dominant tinges of hymenial surface gray or green, but bluish or brownish colours sometimes present. Hyphal strands present, 10-30(-50) μm wide. Skeletal hyphae 1.5-2(-2.5) μm wide, generative subicular hyphae 2-3.5 μm wide, hyaline to brownish. Subhymenial hyphae 2-4 μm wide. Hyphae and basidia often with greenish or purplish diffusate in KOH. Spores irregularly globose to seemingly lobed with bifurcate warts. T. flavovirens complex

6

 

5a.

(4a) Subiculum dark blue to violaceous black, bluish or greenish in KOH.

 

 

 

Basidiome up to 1.5 mm thick. Hymenial surface tan to greyish brown to violaceous brown. Basidia 60-80(-110) x 8-12 μm. Hyphal strands up to 150 μm wide. Generative subicular hyphae often minutely spinulose. Associated with gymnosperms.
P. nigra (Höhnel & Litsch.) Svrček
Syn.: Tomentella tenebrosa Malençon
Ref.: Larsen, 1968, 1971b; Svrček 1960.

 

5b.

(4a) Subiculum pale tan to pale brown to yellowish grey, no distinct reaction with KOH.

 

 

 

Basidiome up to 0.5 mm thick. Hymenial surface tan to yellowish brown to pinkish grey. Basidia 35-50(-60) x 7-9 μm. Hyphal strands up to 20 μm wide. Generative subicular hyphae pale brown, smooth. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
P. mucidula (P. Karst.) Svrček
Syn.: Corticium epimyces Bres.; Hypochnus roseogriseus Wakef. & Pearson; H. lavandulaceus Pearson; Tomentella verrucispora Bourdot & Galzin; T. gilbertii Bourdot & Galzin
Ref.: Larsen, 1968, 1971b; Svrček, 1960; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986.

 

 

6a.

(4b) Hymenial surface brownish black. Subiculum brown, paler than hymenium.

 

 

 

Hyphal strands dull brown, up to 30 μm wide. Basidia 40-60 x 6-8 μm. Spores 5.5-6.5(-7) μm. diam. Encrusting material on subicular hyphae purple in KOH. Encrusting material on subhymenial hyphae and contents of basidia greenish in KOH. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
P. atrofusca M.J. Larsen
Ref.: Larsen, 1971a, 1971b.

 

6b.

Hymenial surface not brownish black. Subiculum not brown, typically darker than hymenial surface.

7

 

7a.

(4b) Hymenial surface dull green to olive to greyish green. Spores irregularly globose to lobed, strongly warted, 6.5-8.5(-10) μm diam. [p. 52]

 

 

 

Basidiome up to 1 mm thick. Margin arachnoid to fibrillose. Hyphal strands up to 40 μm wide, composed of skeletal and/or generative hyphae. Generative subicular hyphae 2-3(-3.5) μm wide, sometimes greenish or faintly purple in KOH. Basidia 60-80(-90) x 5-7 μm. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
P. flavovirens (Höhnel & Litsch.)Svrček
Ref.: Larsen, 1968, 1971b; Svrček, 1960.
Note: P. kaniksuensis M.J. Larsen is very close, mainly differing in a more gray colour.

 

7b.

(4b) Hymenial surface greyish, sometimes with bluish, brownish or purplish hue. Spores 5.5-7(-8) μm diam.

 

 

 

Basidiome arachnoid to pellicular. Subiculum greyish to yellowish brown. Hyphal strands up to 50(-150) μm wide. Basidia 35-70 x 6-8(-9) μm, sometimes with green diffusate in KOH.
P. griseopergamacea M.J. Larsen
Ref.: Larsen, 1971a; Larsen, 1971b.
Note: Larsen (1983) described three very similar species, which are probably all synonyms: P. fumosa, P. griseoveneta and P. molybdaea.

 

 

8a.

(1) Skeletal hyphae (thick-walled, 1-2 μm wide, no septa or clamps) present in subiculum and/or hyphal strands.

9

8b.

Skeletal hyphae absent, all hyphae at least 2 μm wide.

10

 

9a.

Hymenial surface ferrugineous to dull brown, warted to typically hydnoid. cf Tomentella crinalis.

 

9b.

Hymenial surface even, yellowish green to green.

 

 

 

Basidiome effused, separable in small pieces, pellicular to crustose. Margin indistinct. Hyphal strands present, up to 200 μm wide, yellowish to brownish in H2O and KOH (subicular hyphae also). Subicular hyphae 2-3.5(-4.5) μm wide, becoming thick-walled, sometimes encrusted. Skeletal hyphae may be present, Subhymenial hyphae hyaline, thin-walled, 2.5-3.5(-4) μm wide, some encrusted. Basidia 50-70 x 8-10.5(-11) μm, sterigmata up to 9 μm long. Spores irregularly globose, warted, (5.5-)6-8(-9) μm diam. Basidia and subhymenial hyphae cyanescent in KOH. Associated with gymnosperms.
P. humicola M.J. Larsen
Ref.: Larsen, 1971b.

 

 

10a.

Spores pale yellow, becoming blue in KOH.

 

 

 

Basidiome effused, pellicular to byssoid, separable, margin indistinct. Hymenial surface pulverulent, deep blue when fresh, yellowish green when dry. Hyphal strands infrequent, up to 20 μm wide. Subicular hyphae hyaline to yellowish, 2.5-4 μm [p. 53] wide. Subhymenial hyphae 2.5-3(-4) μm wide. Basidia 35-50 x 8-10 μm. Spores irregularly globose, coarsely warted, 7-9(-10.5) x 7-8.5(-9) μm.
P. atrocyanea (Wakef.) Burdsall & M.J. Larsen
Ref.: Wakefield, 1966; Burdsall & Larsen, 1974; Larsen, 1974.

 

10b.

Spores not blue in KOH.

11

 

11a.

Spores irregularly globose, warted, (5.5-)6-8(-9) x 5.5-7.5 μm. Chlamydospores absent. cf. P humicola under 9b.

 

11b.

Spores irregularly globose, strongly warted, 8-11(-12) μm diam. Chlamydospores present in hyphal strands, hyaline when young, becoming dark brown, 20-35 μm diam.

 

 

 

Basidiome effused, separable, pellicular, up to 0.4 mm thick. Hymenial surface dark green when fresh, becoming grayish green or blue-green, even, often cracking. Margin fimbriate, darker. Hyphal strands present, up to 45 μm wide, dark grayish blue in H2O, dull purplish brown, greenish or yellowish in KOH. Subicular hyphae 3.5-5.5(-6.5) μm wide, often greenish in KOH. Basidia 60-80 x 9-11(-13) μm, sterigmata up to 8 μm long. Associated with gymnosperms.
P. vepallidospora M.J.Larsen
Ref.: Larsen, 1967a, 1968, 1971b.

 

 
Sarcodon Quélet ex P. Karst.

Basidiome annual, fleshy to brittle, centrally or excentrically stipitate, solitary or concrescent, sometimes branching from a common base; pileus more or less round; abhymenial surface at first velutinous to felty, becoming smooth with areolately rupturing upper layer or tomentum breaking up into scales, or pileus scaly from an early stage; colour cream to yellowish, pinkish, brownish, reddish, violaceous or greenish, darkening when dry. Stipe typically solid, tapering or bulbous, sometimes rooting, tomentose, whitish or concolorous with pileus; base sometimes of different colour. Hymenial surface hydnoid, covering the underside of the pileus and often decurrent on the stipe. Spines typically brown to purplish. Trama fleshy, brittle, soft to firm, typically not duplex, whitish or with pink to purple tinges. Spore-print brownish. Trama darkening in KOH.
Hyphal system monomitic (in one case skeletal hyphae present). Generative hyphae hyaline to brownish, with thin to sometimes thickened walls, in the pileus and stipe typically inflated. Clamps present on all septa, rare or absent. Gloeoplerous-like hyphae typically present. Cystidia absent. Basidia clavate, with or without a basal clamp, with 4 sterigmata. Spores brownish, thin- to thick-walled, subglobose to ellipsoid, irregular in outline, with inequidistant warts, which may be concrescent and thus form a bifurcate (exsculpate) ornamentation or ridge, not amyloid. [p. 54]
Substratum: terrestrial, ectomycorrhizal with angiosperms (typically Fagaceae) and gymnosperms (typically Pinaceae).

Type species: Hydnum imbricatum L.: Fr.

Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1971, 1975; Harrison, 1961; Baird, 1986a.

1a.

Clamps present, sometimes rare, or lacking in stipe

2

1b.

Clamps absent from all septa

15

 

2a.

Spores up to 6 μm long

3

2b.

Spores longer than 6 μm, at least on average

7

 

3a.

Trama blackish blue. Hyphae of stipe lacking clamps.

 

 

 

Pileus convex to plane, becoming depressed, roughened to grooved, dark violet to blackish, up to 13 cm diam, margin even. Trama not duplex. Spines dark violet, up to 0.4 cm long, strongly decurrent. Stipe central to excentrical, narrowed at the base. Gloeoplerous-like hyphae may be present. Basidia 35-45 x 5.5-7.5 μm. Spores coarsely warted, 5-5.5 x (3.8-)4-5 μm. Associated with gymnosperms.
S. fuscoindicus K. Harrison
Ref.: Harrison, 1964; Baird, 1986a.

 

3b.

Trama paler, lilac grey to pale orange. Hyphae of stipe with clamps.

 

 

 

Pileus plane-convex to slightly depressed, orange-brown to reddish, with darker, appressed scales (in the centre sometimes ascending) or fibers, often with purplish or violaceous tinges or even completely vinaceous violet to bluish black, up to 10(-20) cm diam, margin often becoming lobed; trama not duplex, trama whitish to pale orange, rarely pale violet. Spines concolorous to purplish, often with white tips, up to 0.5(-1) cm long, decurrent. Stipe central to excentrical, often narrowed at the base, concolorous with pileus in the upper part, whitish at the base. Hyphae hyaline, thin-walled (rarely slightly thick-walled), up to 15(-30) μm wide. Gloeoplerous-like hyphae present. Spores tuberculate to coarsely warted, 4-6(-7) x 3.5-5 μm. S. versipellis complex

4

 

4a.

(3b) Spores (5-)5.5-7 x 4.5-5.5 μm. Basidia 25-35 x (5-)6-7.5 μm.

 

 

 

Pileus pale orange to red or brown, up to 17 cm diam.
S. indurescens (Hall & Stuntz) Stalpers
Ref.: Hall & Stuntz, 1972a; Baird, 1986a.

 

4b.

Spores 4-6 x 3.5-5 μm. Basidia 25-40(-45) x 5-6(-6.5) μm

5

 

5a.

(3b) Warts of spores flattened to bifurcate. [p. 55]

 

 

 

Pileus henna to violet-brown. Associated with gymnosperms.
S. calvatus (K. Harrison) K. Harrison
Ref.: Harrison, 1964; Hall & Stuntz, 1972a; Baird, 1986a

.

5b.

Warts of spores rounded

6

 

6a.

(3b) Pileus orange-brown when fresh, becoming dark brown to purplish brown. Associated with gymnosperms.
S. versipellis (Fr.) Quélet
Syn.: Hydnum versipelliforme Allescher; H. crassum K. Harrison
Ref.: Harrison, 1961; Hall & Stuntz, 1972a; Maas Geesteranus, 1975; Baird, 1986a; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986; Cetto, 1987.
Note: S. subfelleus (K. Harrison) K. Harrison and S. ussuriensis Nikol. seem to be identical.

 

6b.

(3b) Pileus vinaceous violet to bluish black. Associated with Pinaceae.
S. cyanellus (K. Harrison) Stalpers
Ref.: Harrison, 1964; Baird, 1986a.

 

 

7a.

(2) Scales absent from pileus. Spines not decurrent (except S. excentricus)

8

7b.

Pileus with scales. Spines decurrent

12

 

8a.

Pileus with orange, brown or red tinges.

 

 

 

Pileus pubescent when young, soon becoming glabrous, not zonate, up to 10(B17) cm diam; trama pale orange, not duplex. Abhymenial surface, fawn to cinnamon, spines up to 1 cm long, decurrent. Stipe central to excentrical, pale brown to orange. Hyphae hyaline, thin-walled, up to 13(-15) μm wide. Basidia (25-)30-45 x 5.5-8 μm. Spores coarsely warted, (6.5-)7-8 x (5.5-)6-7.5 μm, warts flattened to bifurcate.
S. excentricus Coker & Beers in Baird
Ref.: Baird, 1984, 1986a, 1986b.
Note: S. harrisonii Baird is very similar, differing only in non decurrent and more densely aggregated spines.

 

8b

Pileus with olive, grey, violaceous or black tinges.

 

 

 

Pileus not zonate, up to 7(-10) cm diam; trama pale brown, becoming green, (especially when dry), not duplex. Abhymenial surface, olive to grey or brownish, spines up to 2(-5) cm long, not decurrent. Stipe central to excentrical, olive to grey. Hyphae hyaline, thin-walled, up to 13(-16) μm wide. Basidia 30-45(-50) x (6.5)-7-9(-11) μm. Spores coarsely warted, 7-9(-10) x 6.5-8(-8.5) μm, warts flattened to bifurcate. S. thwaitesii complex

9

 

9a.

Pileus with pink to purplish tinges

10

9b.

Pileus without pink to purplish tinges [p. 56]

11

 

10a.

(8b) Pileus pinkish grey when fresh, becoming cream-coloured to dark brown, pubescent when young, becoming smooth. Spines subdecurrent.
S. scabripes Peck
Ref.: Baird, 1986a, 1986b.

 

10b.

(8b) Pileus dull ochraceous, greyish or brownish, typically with drab to purplish tinges, dark olive when dry, finely tomentose. Spines not decurrent.
S. conchyliatus Maas Geest.
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1971.

 

 

11a.

(8b) Pileus olive to grey, pubescent when young, soon becoming smooth.
S. atroviridis (Morgan) Banker
Syn.: Hydnum blackfordae Peck; Sarcodon fumosus Banker; H. bambusinum Baker & Dale
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1971, 1974, 1975; Baird, 1986a, 1986b

 

11b.

(8b) Pileus blackish olive when (old and) dry, velutinous to felted, becoming smooth. Associated with angiosperms.
S. thwaitesii (Berk. & Broome) Maas Geest.
Syn.: Sarcodon carbonarius (G.H. Cunn.) ex Maas Geest.
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1971; McNabb 1971.

 

 

12a.

(7) Spores 5B7 μm long, on average about 6 μm. Pileus whitish to orange when young. Cf. S. indurescens under 3.

 

12b.

Spores at least 6 μm long, on average about 7 μm or more. Pileus without white to orange tinges when young

13

 

13a.

Scales coarse and at least in the centre erect. Spores 6.5-8(--8.5) μm wide.

 

 

 

Pileus plane-convex to umbilicate, yellowish brown to reddish brown, with dark brown, imbricate scales, up to 11(-15) cm diam; trama brownish, not duplex. Hymenial surface brownish, spines up to 1 cm long, decurrent. Stipe central, often with basal bulb, brownish. Hyphae hyaline, thin-walled, up to 20(-30) μm wide. Basidia (25-)30-45 x (5-)6-8 μm. Spores coarsely warted, 7-9(-10) x 6.5-8(-8.5) μm, warts flattened to bifurcate. Associated with Pinaceae.
S. imbricatus (L.: Fr.) P. Karst.
Syn.: Hydnum badium Pers.; H. aspratum Berk. ex Cooke
Ref.: Harrison, 1961; Hall & Stuntz, 1972a; Maas Geesteranus, 1971, 1975; Baird, 1986a; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986; Cetto, 1987; Imazeki et al., 1988 (sub S. aspratum); Moser & Jülich.

 

13b.

Scales appressed or in the centre slightly ascending at the tip. Spores (5-)5.5-6(-7) μm wide.

 

 

 

Pileus plane-convex to umbilicate, often with purplish tinges, up to 12(-20) cm diam; trama yellowish white, becoming brown when bruised, later sometimes olivaceous, not duplex. Spines reddish to purplish with white [p. 57] tips, up to 0.8(-1.5) cm long, decurrent. Stipe central to excentrical, often narrowed at the base, concolorous with pileus in the upper part, whitish at the base. Hyphae hyaline, thin-walled, up to 15(-25) μm wide. Basidia 30-40(-50) x 7-9(-10) μm. Spores coarsely warted, (6-)6.5-9(-10) x (5-)5.5-6(-7) μm, warts flattened to bifurcate. Associated with gymnosperms, rarely with angiosperms. S. leucopus complex

14

 

14a.

(13b) Pileus covered with many fulvous to brick-red scales. Stipe brick-red, white at the base. Associated with angiosperms.
S. praestans Maas Geest.
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1974.

 

14b.

(13b) Only the centre of the pileus with scales. Pileus purplish brown to dark brown, stipe concolorous, but much paler at the base. Associated with gymnosperms.
S. leucopus (Pers.) Maas Geest. & Nannf.
Syn.: Hydnum curtisii Berk.; H. colosseum Bres.; H. subpallidum Snell & Dick
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1975; Baird, 1986a; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986; Cetto, 1987.
Note: S. humilis Maas Geest. from Singapore is very close; no reliable differentiating characters could be extracted from the description.

 

 

15a.

(1) Spores at least on average longer than 6.5 μm

16

15b.

Spores at least on average smaller than 6.5 μm

21

 

16a.

Spores with low warts. Associated with Pinaceae.

 

 

 

Pileus plane-convex to slightly depressed, sometimes concrescent, ochraceous to yellowish brown, often with reddish brown tinge, fibrillose when young, breaking up into squarrose scales when mature. Trama not duplex, whitish to pale orange. Spines becoming purplish brown, often with white tips, up to 5 mm long, somewhat decurrent. Stipe central to excentrical, felty, but becoming glabrous, concolorous with pileus, but often bluish or greenish at the base. Hyphae hyaline, thin-walled, up to 20 μm wide. Gloeoplerous-like hyphae present. Basidia 35-45 x 5.5-7.5 μm. Spores with low warts, 6.5-7.5(-8) x 4.5-6 μm.
S. fennicus (P. Karst.) P. Karst.
Ref.: Harrison, 1961; Maas Geesteranus, 1975; Baird, 1986a.

 

16b.

Spores with coarse warts. Associated with Fagaceae.

 

 

 

Pileus plane-convex to slightly depressed, rarely infundibuliform, yellowish brown to reddish brown to purplish or dark brown orange-brown to reddish, with darker fibers or appressed scales, which in the centre may become raised, up to 10 cm diam, margin often becoming lobed; trama not duplex, whitish to pale orange, often with pinkish or purplish hue. Spines becoming purplish brown, often with white tips, up to 6 mm long, [p. 58] decurrent. Stipe central to excentrical, often narrowed at the base, felty, but becoming glabrous, pinkish brown to yellowish brown, darkening when touched, whitish at the base. Hyphae hyaline, thin-walled, up to 30 μm wide. Gloeoplerous-like hyphae present. Basidia 30-50 x 6-9(-10) μm. Spores coarsely warted, 6-7.5 x 5-6.5(-7) μm. S. underwoodii complex

17

 

17a.

(16b) Pileus trama distinctly red. Scales appressed.

 

 

 

S. rutilus Maas Geest.
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1974.

 

17b.

Pileus trama not red

18

 

18a.

Scales appressed

19

18b.

Scales at least in the centre erect

20

 

19a.

(16b) Pileus pinkish brown, in the centre purplish brown, yellow-brown at the margin.
S. cyrneus Maas Geest.
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1975.

 

19b.

(16b) Pileus dark grey-brown with rufous tinge, brownish pink at the margin.
S. caliginosus Maas Geest.
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1974.

 

 

20a.

(16b) Spores 5-6.5 μm broad.
S. underwoodii Banker
Syn.: Sarcodon murrillii Banker; S. radicatus Banker
Ref.: Hall & Stuntz, 1972a; Maas Geesteranus, 1975; Baird, 1986a, 1986b.

 

20b.

(16b) Spores 3.5-4.5 μm broad.
S. illudens Maas Geest.
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1976.

 

 

21a.

(15) Pileus with pink, reddish or purplish tinges and/or trama in base of stipe bluish or greenish. Scales present or more rarely lacking

22

21b.

Pileus with yellowish, orange, olive, green or brown tinges; trama in base of stipe not bluish or greenish. Scales absent (except S. lanuginosum)

34

 

22a.

Trama becoming completely dark, violaceous leaden or black with age

23

22b.

Trama whitish to pale brown, but a pinkish or purplish hue may be present

25

 

23a.

Pileus trama blackening on exposure, ink blue in KOH.

 

 

 

Pileus plane-convex to slightly depressed, velutinous to felty, becoming reticulate, greyish brown to yellowish brown with purplish hue, with darker brown fibrils, bluish grey when dried, up to 6 cm diam, margin [p. 59] often becoming lobed; trama not duplex. Spines purplish brown to blackish, up to 2 mm long, decurrent. Stipe central, often narrowed at the base, felty, concolorous. Excretion granules often present when dry. Hyphae hyaline, thin-walled, up to 13 μm wide. Gloeoplerous-like hyphae absent. Basidia 20-35 x 5-7.2 μm. Spores tuberculate, 5.5-6.5 x 4.5-5.5 μm.
S. wrightii (Berk.& M.A. Curtis) Maas Geest.
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1971; Baird, 1986a.

 

23b.

Pileus trama lilaceous to violet, blue green in KOH

24

 

24a.

Associated with angiosperms (especially Fagaceae). Pileus not very dark with age (except apices of scales).

 

 

 

Pileus plane-convex to slightly depressed, yellowish brown with purplish hue or pinkish brown to reddish brown to purplish or dark brown orange brown to reddish, with darker scales, which may become raised in the centre, 2.5-12 cm diam, margin often becoming lobed; trama not duplex, whitish to pale orange, often with pinkish or purplish hue. Spines becoming purplish brown, often with white tips, up to 0.4 cm long, decurrent. Stipe central to excentrical, often narrowed at the base, felty, but becoming glabrous, concolorous, sometimes greyish green to blackish green at the base. Yellowish excretion granules often present when dry. Hyphae hyaline, thin- to somewhat thick-walled, up to 25 μm wide. Gloeoplerous-like hyphae absent. Basidia 20B35  5B6.5 μm. Spores coarsely warted, 5-7(-7.2) x (3.5-)4-5 μm. Context blue-green in KOH.
S. joeides (Pass.) Bat.
Syn.: Sarcodon roseolus Banker; S. commutatus Bourdot & Galzin; S. inopinatus Donk
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1971, 1975; Baird, 1986a, 1986b; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986.
Note: S. aglaosoma Maas Geest. and S. ianthinus Maas Geest., both from New Guinea, are very close. Reliable criteria to distinguish these species could not be detected.

 

24b.

Associated with gymnosperms (especially Pinaceae). Pileus becoming very dark with age. Pileus trama finally lead-gray coloured.

 

 

 

Pileus plane-convex to slightly depressed, velutinous to felty when young, becoming glabrous, then fibrillose becoming scaly with raised tips, yellowish brown to reddish brown or olive brown, becoming dark violet grey or lead-gray to blackish blue, 4B13 cm diam, margin often becoming lobed; trama not duplex. Spines becoming purplish brown, often with white tips, up to 4 mm long, decurrent. Stipe central, often narrowed at the base, felty, but becoming glabrous, reddish, sometimes greyish green to blackish green at the base. Yellowish excretion granules often present when dry. Hyphae hyaline, thin-to somewhat thick-walled, up to 25 μm wide. Gloeoplerous-like hyphae present. Basidia 30-45 x 5-7(-8) μm. Spores with [p. 60] rather low, rounded warts, (4.5-)5-6.5 x 4-5.2(-5.8) μm. Context blue-green in KOH.
S. fuligineoviolaceus (Kalchbr. in Fr.) Pat.
Syn.: Sarcodon talpa Maas Geest.
Ref.: Harrison, 1964; Maas Geesteranus, 1971, 1975; Baird, 1986a.

 

 

25a.

Trama of base whitish to brownish. Trama of pileus white to pale orange or pale brown.

 

 

 

Pileus plane-convex to slightly depressed, yellowish brown to reddish brown to purplish brown, with appressed or more rarely raised scales, up to 10 cm diam, margin often becoming lobed; trama not duplex. Spines becoming purplish brown, often with white tips, up to 3(-5) mm long, decurrent. Stipe central to excentrical, often narrowed at the base or bulbous, felty, but becoming glabrous, buff to reddish brown to violaceous. Hyphae hyaline, thin-walled, up to 19 μm wide. Gloeoplerous-like hyphae present. Basidia (25-)30-50 x 5-6.5(-7.5) μm. Spores warted, 4.5-6 x 3.5-5 μm. S. modestus complex

27

25b.

Trama of base of stipe blue-green. Trama of pileus typically with pink to purplish hue or with purplish spots

30

 

26a.

Scales present, often raised in the centre

26

26b.

Scales absent or appressed in the centre

28

 

27a.

(25a) Taste peppery. Associated with gymnosperms.
S. lundellii Maas Geest. & Nannfeldt
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1975; Baird, 1986a.

 

27b.

(25a) Taste mild.
S. lanuginosus K. Harrison
Ref.: Harrison, 1961, 1964; Baird, 1986a.

 

 

28a.

(25a) Taste bitter. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
S. modestus (Snell & Dick) Baird
Syn.: Hydnum subincarnatum K. Harrison
Ref.: Snell & Dick, 1962; Hall & Stuntz, 1972a; Baird, 1986a.

 

28b.

Taste mild or absent

30

 

29a.

(25a) Spores with low, rounded tubercular ornamentation. Associated with Pinaceae.
S. rimosus (K. Harrison) K. Harrison
Ref.: Harrison, 1964; Hall & Stuntz, 1972a; Baird, 1986a.

 

29b.

(25a) Spores with coarse tuberculate ornamentation. Associated with Pinaceae.
S. martioflavus (Snell & al. in Snell & Dick) Maas Geest.
Syn.: Sarcodon armeniacus Maas Geest.[p. 61]
Ref.: Snell & Dick 1962; Maas Geesteranus, 1975; Baird, 1986a; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986.

 

 

30a.

(25) Trama of base of stipe with bluish or greenish tinges

31

30b.

Trama of base of stipe greyish or with purplish hue. Cf. S. joeides under24a.

 

 

31a.

Scales appressed or absent.

 

 

 

Pileus plane-convex to slightly depressed, velutinous to felty when young, becoming glabrous, with some appressed scales, yellowish brown to reddish brown or purplish brown, sometimes locally violaceous grey, up to 11 cm diam, margin often becoming lobed; trama not duplex, whitish to pale orange, often with purplish or reddish tinges. Spines becoming purplish brown, often with white tips, up to 4 mm long, decurrent. Stipe central, often narrowed at the base, felty, but becoming glabrous, concolorous, greyish green at the base. Yellowish excretion granules often present when dry. Hyphae hyaline, thin-walled, up to 20 μm wide. Gloeoplerous-like hyphae present. Basidia 25-35 x 5-7 μm. Spores with rounded warts, 5-6.5 x (3.5-)4-5 μm. Associated with gymnosperms.
S. glaucopus Maas Geest. & Nannfeldt
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus & Nannfeldt, 1969; Maas Geesteranus, 1975; Baird, 1986a; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986; Cetto, 1987.

 

31b.

Scales present, in the centre upright when mature.

 

 

 

Pileus plane-convex to depressed, often concrescent, velutinous to felty when young, becoming glabrous, then fibrillose becoming scaly with raised tips, pinkish brown to reddish brown, becoming purplish brown, up to 10(-14) cm diam, margin often becoming lobed; trama not duplex, at first white, becoming yellowish brown to red. Spines becoming purplish brown, often with white tips, up to 10 mm long, decurrent. Stipe central, often narrowed at the base, felty, but becoming glabrous, pink to violaceous, becoming purplish brown, greyish green to blackish green at the base. Hyphae hyaline, thin-walled, up to 30 μm wide. Gloeoplerous-like hyphae present. Basidia 35-50 x 5-9 μm. Spores coarsely warted, 5-6.5 x 3.5-4.5(-5) μm. S. scabrosus complex

32

 

32a.

(31b) Stipe violaceous at the base. Associated with Pinaceae.
S. regalis Maas Geest.
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1975.

 

32b.

Stipe not violaceous at the base

33

 

33a

(31b) Scales coarse. Associated with angiosperms and gymnosperms.
S. scabrosus (Fr.) P. Karst.
Ref.: Harrison, 1961; Maas Geesteranus, 1971, 1975; Baird, 1986a, 1986b; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986; Imazeki et al., 1988; Moser & Jülich. [p. 62]

 

33b.

(31b) Scales with erect tips only. Associated with Fagaceae.
S. lepidus Maas Geest.
Ref.: Maas Geesteranus, 1975.

 

 

34a.

(21) Pileus trama blackening on exposure, ink-blue in KOH. Cf. S. wrightii under23a.

 

34b.

Pileus trama not blackening, not-ink blue in KOH

35

 

35a.

Scales present. Pileus hyphae up to 15(-19) μm wide

28

35b.

Scales absent, or only indicated in the centre when old. Pileus hyphae up to 10(-13) μm wide

36

 

36a.

Skeletal hyphae present in stipe.Spores 4.5-5.5 μm long. Taste mild or none. Hydnellum stereosarcinon complex, cf. Hydnellum under31.

 

36b.

Skeletal hyphae absent. Spores 5-6.5 μm long. Taste acrid or bitter. Hydnellum compactum complex, cf. Hydnellum under34.

 

 
Thelephora Ehrh.: Fr.

Syn.: Merisma Pers., Phylacteria Pat., Scyphopilus P. Karst.

Basidiome annual, effused-reflexed, flabelliform, infundibuliform, merismatoid, clavarioid, sometimes with resupinate parts. Stipe absent, lateral or central. Mycelial pad sometimes present. Abhymenial surface velutinous, tomentose, or strigose, sometimes becoming glabrous with age. Hymenial surface even, warted or papillate with yellowish, pinkish, reddish, brownish, greenish, bluish, purplish, greyish or blackish tinges, often cyanescent in KOH. Spore-print cream-coloured to brownish.
Hyphal strands sometimes present. Hyphal system monomitic. Subicular hyphae subhyaline to brown, thin- to thick-walled, smooth or encrusted, rarely inflated. Subhymenial hyphae hyaline to brownish, thin- to thick-walled. Clamps present on nearly all septa, rarely absent. Cystidia rarely present. Basidia clavate, with 2B4 sterigmata. Spores subhyaline to brown, globose to ellipsoid, regular, angular or lobed in outline, ornamented, typically with somewhat thickened walls, not amyloid. Giant spores with dimensions about 30% larger than average may be present, presumably originating from 2-spored basidia. Subhymenial hyphae, basidia and/or spores sometimes cyanescent in KOH.
Substratum: soil-inhabiting, saprophytic, weakly parasitic or ectomycorrhizal, rarely on wood.

Type species: Thelephora terrestris Ehrh.: Fr.

References: Corner, 1968. [p. 63]

1a.

Clamps absent.

2

1b.

Clamps present.

3

 

2a.

Basidiome resupinate. cf. Tomentella fuscocinerea.

 

2b.

Basidiome effused-reflexed or sessile, flabelliform, imbricate.

 

 

 

Basidiome soft coriaceous. Pilei small, up to 2.5 cm radius. Abhymenial surface rugose to fibrillose, pale drab, pale bistre, cinnamon brown or pinkish buff when dry, blackish when wet. Hymenial surface even, purplish brown. Tramal hyphae pale to dark brown, with thickened walls, 3B5 μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae subhyaline, 3-5 μm wide. Spores regular, subglobose to ellipsoid, echinulate, 7-10 x 6.5-9 μm. Hymenium cyanescent in KOH, trama not cyanescent.
T. cuticularis Berk.
Ref.: Corner, 1968.

 

 

3a.

Basidiome resupinate, or resupinate with more or less clavarioid excrescences.

4

3b.

No parts of basidiome resupinate.

11

 

4a.

Spores regular to minutely angular, not lobed.

5

4b.

Spores distinctly angular and often lobed.

8

 

5a.

Clavarioid processes present. Spores 7-9 x 6.5-8 μm. Cf. T. dentosa under17.

 

5b.

Clavarioid processes absent. Spores at least on average larger.

6

 

6a.

Hymenium blackish, bistre drab when dry, blue-green in KOH.

 

 

 

Basidiome resupinate, encrusting, thick-membranaceous to spongy, sometimes forming short tuberculate to applanate, often abortive pilei, dark brown to blackish. Hymenial surface even. Margin white to grey. Subicular hyphae 3-6 μm wide, brown, with thickened walls. Subhymenial hyphae 4-7 μm wide, cyanescent. Basidia 45-80(-100) - 9-12 μm. Spores subglobose to broadly ellipsoid, brown, somewhat irregular, not lobed, 9-11(-13) x 7.5-9(-11) μm, cyanescent. Associated with angiosperms.
T. atra Weinm.
Syn.: Hypochnus schmoranzeri Bres.
Ref.: Corner, 1968.
Note: Thelephora spongiosa Schw. may also belong here, judging from the original description of de Schweinitz (1822), which deviates from Larssen's description (1968) in 'umbrino-purpurascens' and 'hymenio in clavulas porrecto'.

 

6b.

Hymenium dark brownish, not blue-green on KOH. [p. 64].

 

 

 

Basidiome resupinate or encrusting, thick-membranaceous to spongy, dark brown to bistre or fuscus-umber. Hymenial surface even to papillate. Margin distinct, white. Subicular hyphae 3-6 μm wide, brown, with thickened walls. Subhymenial hyphae 4-9(-12) μm wide. Basidia (25-)45-80(-120) x 8-12(-15) μm. Spores subglobose to ovoid, brown, regular to somewhat irregular, not lobed, 8-12 x 7-9 μm. Hyphae not cyanescent. T. spiculosa complex.

7

 

7a.

(6b) Hymenium papillate. Margin woolly-floccose.
T. crustacea Schum. : Fr.
Ref.: Corner, 1968.

 

7b.

(6b) Hymenium smooth. Margin strigose with subulate, radiating spicules. Associated with gymnosperms.
T. spiculosa (Fr.) Fr.
Ref.: Wakefield, 1916; Corner, 1968.

 

 

8a.

Hyphal strands present. Resupinate forms of T. terrestris or T. penicillata.

40

8b.

Hyphal strands absent.

9

 

9a.

Clavarioid processes present.

25

9b.

Clavarioid processes absent.

 

 

 

Basidiome resupinate, encrusting, thick-membranaceous to spongy, at least 1 mm thick. Hymenial surface even. Margin indistinct. Subicular hyphae with 1(-1.5) μm thick walls. Basidia 60-100 x 9-12 μm. Spores echinulate, broadly ellipsoid in outline, lobed, brownish, 8.5-11 x 7-9.5 μm. Hyphae and basidia not cyanescent. T. crassitexta complex.

10

 

10a.

(9b) Hyphae up to 8(-10) μm wide, not inflated. Hymenium pale purplish brown. Spore ornamentation somewhat concrescent. Hymenium may become stratified, basidiome then up to 8 mm thick.
T. crassitexta Corner
Ref.: Corner, 1968.

 

 10b.

(9b) Hyphae up to 5 μm wide. Hymenium dark brown. Spore ornamentation not or hardly concrescent. Basidiome up to 2 mm thick.
T. investiens Corner
Ref.: Corner, 1968.

 

 

11a.

(3) Cystidia present. Terminally much-branched hyphae present in the trama.

 

 

 

Basidiome clavarioid to rarely merismatoid, 5-14 cm, branches typically flattened at least at the axils, apices often acute. Hymenium inferior at least in the lower parts, but often amphigenous in the upper parts, even. Hyphae brownish, 2.5-6.5 μm wide. Cystidia subcylindrical or clavate to ventricose, 50-100(-150) x (5-)7-14(-18) μm, often immersed. Basidia [p. 65] (30-)40-80(-100) x 8-12 μm. Spores ellipsoid in outline, irregular to slightly lobed, echinulate, brown, 7-12 x 5-8(-8.5) μm. Only known from South-East Asia. T. ramarioides complex.

12

11b.

Cystidia and terminally much-branched hyphae absent.

14

 

12a.

(11a) Basidiome purplish brown. Basidia 45-70 μm long. Associated with angiosperms ( Casuarina).

 

 

 

T. ramarioides D.A. Reid
Ref.: Reid, 1958; Corner, 1968.

 

12b.

Basidiome grey to greyish brown.

13

 

13a.

(11a) Basidia 25B50 μm long. Associated with angiosperms ( Pinus).
T. ganbajun Zang
Ref.: Zang 1987.

 

13b.

(11a) Basidia 75B100 μm long. Associated with gymnosperms ( Araucaria) and angiosperms ( Castaneopsis).
T. robusta Corner
Ref.: Corner, 1976.

 

 

14a

Basidiome more or less clavarioid, i.e. centrally stipitate with many relatively narrow, lateral branches, branches cylindrical to flattened. Branching polytomous in the lower parts, often dichotomous in the higher regions, but sometimes spiculose to fimbriate. Hymenium on the terminal branchs often - but not necessarily - amphigenous.

15

14b.

Basidiome not clavarioid, but sessile dimidiate, spathulate, flabellate to infundibuliform, sometimes imbricate along a central stem or pleuropodal, never with cylindrical branches. Hymenium unilateral, inferior.

34

 

15a.

Spores regular to subangular.

 

 

 

Basidiome clavarioid, branches typically flattened, polychotomous at the lower branches, dichotomous in the upper parts, apices often acute. Hymenium inferior at least in the lower parts, but often amphigenous in the upper parts, even. Hyphae brownish, 2.5-6(-7) μm wide. Spores subglobose to broadly ellipsoid, echinulate, brown, (6.5-)7-9(-9.5) x (4.5-)6-8 μm. T. dentosa complex.

16

15b.

Spores angular to lobed.

19

 

16a.

(15a) Basidiome up to 9.5 cm high. Spores short-echinulate, spines up to 0.5 μm long. Not cyanescent.

 

 

 

Abhymenial surface tomentose to villose, yellowish brown to cinnamon brown. Hymenium dark brown.
T. borneensis Corner
Ref.: Corner, 1976. [p. 66].

 

16b.

Basidiome up to 5 cm high. Spores echinulate, spines larger. Hymenium slightly to distinctly cyanescent.

17

 

17a.

(15a) Basidiome encrusting, developing narrowly clavarioid, spathulate processes, often with subulate lobes.

 

 

 

Hymenium dark brown with purplish tinge. Spores echinulate, spines up to 1 μm long.
T. dentosa Berk. & M.A. Curtis
Syn.: T. perplexa Burt
Ref.: Corner, 1968.

 

17b.

Basidiome clavarioid without resupinate, encrusting parts.

18

 

18a.

(15a) Basidiome clavarioid, with narrow (1-2 mm) branches. Abhymenial surface purplish brown. Spores echinulate, spines up to 1.5 μm long.
T. paraguayensis Corner
Ref.: Corner, 1968.

 

18b.

(15a) Basidiome palmate, with broader (2-5 mm) branches. Abhymenial surface yellowish to ochraceous. Spores echinulate, spines up to 1 μm long.
T. cervicornis Corner
Ref.: Corner, 1968.

 

 

19a.

Subhymenium and trama with inflated cells. Trama fleshy.

 

 

 

Basidiome clavarioid, fleshy, up to 4 cm high, with cylindrical branches. Hymenial surface purplish brown. Hyphae with inflated cells, 3-15 μm wide. Basidia 14-28 x 5-7 μm. Spores irregular to lobed, brown, 6-7 x 4-5 μm, with rather coarse warts. Not cyanescent. On soil and wood.
T. fragilis Corner
Ref.: Corner, 1968.

 

19b.

No inflated cells in hymenium and subhymenium. Trama coriaceous.

20

 

20a.

Spores strongly echinulate, spines up to 1.5(-2) μm long.

21

20b.

Spores warted to echinulate, spines up to 0.5(-1) μm long.

27

 

21a.

Spores 6-8.5 μm long.

22

21b.

Spores at least on average longer than 8 μm.

24

 

22a.

Basidiome up to 10 cm high and 16 cm wide, caespitose to solitary, strongly branched, dark brown; branches cylindrical to slightly compressed. All parts cyanescent.

 

 

 

Hyphae 3-6 μm wide, agglutinated in the central parts. Spores echinulate, lobed, 7.5-8.5 x 6-7 μm, spines up to 1.5 μm long.
T. alta Corner
Ref.: Corner, 1968. [p. 67].

 

22b.

Basidiome up 5 cm high and 3 cm wide, gregarious, vinaceous brown to greyish brown, much paler when dry; branches typically flattened. Not cyanescent, or hymenium only slightly.

 

 

 

Abhymenial surface tomentose to strigose. Hyphae 2.5-5 μm wide, some thick-walled. Spores lobed, 6-8 x 5-6.5 μm. Associated with angiosperms. T. multipartita complex.

23

 

23a.

(22b) Stem and basal part of branches covered with spiculose excrescenses.
T. scissilis Burt
Ref.: Corner, 1968.

 

23b.

(22b) Basal parts strigose, but no spiculose excrescences.
T. multipartita Schw.: Fr.
Ref.: Corner, 1968 (sub T. regularis var. multipartita); Imazeki et al. , 1988.

 

 

24a.

Hyphal strands present. Resupinate part typically present. Basidiome not typically clavarioid, but a fimbriate, short, much-branched structure.

 

 

 

Basidiome resupinate, forming subulate to spathulate structures, which are much-branched and apically cristate to fimbriate, rarely clavarioid, up to 3 cm high. Abhymenial parts strigose, pale brown to purplish brown. Hymenial surface even to rugulose. Margin fimbriate to spiculose, whitish. Hyphae 3-7.5 μm wide, locally up to 15 μm. Basidia 30-75 x 7-11 μm. Spores irregular to usually lobed, brown, echinulate, 7-10 x 5-7(-8) μm. Associated with angiosperms and gymnosperms.
T. penicillata Fr. : Fr.
Syn.: Thelephora fimbriata Schw., ? T. caespitulans Schw., T. scoparia Peck, T. cladoniaeformis Vel.
Ref.: Corner, 1968; Moser & Jülich.

 

24b.

Hyphal strands and resupinate part absent. Basidiome clavarioid and stipitate.

 

 

 

Basidiome with typically flattened branches (but cf. T. cylindrica), branching dicho- or often polytomous, forming dense tufts, up to 10 cm high and 5 cm wide. Abhymenial surface tomentose. Hymenial surface purplish brown. Hyphae 2.5-7(-9) μm wide, pale brown. Basidia 40-90(-110) x (7-)8-12(-14) μm. Spores lobed, brown, echinulate, (7-)8-11(-12) x (6-)6.5-9 μm, spines up to 1.5 μm long. T. palmata complex.

25

 

25a.

(9, 24) (24b) Odour not foetid. Trama not cyanescent in KOH, hymenium sometimes slightly.

 

 

 

Branches cylindrical. Associated with angiosperms, more rarely with gymnosperms.
T. anthocephala Fr. : Fr.
Syn.: T. clavularis Fr.; T. digitata Fr.
Ref.: Corner, 1968; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986.

 

25b.

Odour foetid. Trama cyanescent in KOH [p. 68].

26

 

26a.

(24b) Branches flattened, obtuse. Basidia 60-100 x 9-12 μm. Associated with gymnosperms.
T. palmata Fr.: Fr.
Syn.: T. diffusa (Fr.) Fr.; Merisma foetidum Pers.
Ref.: Corner, 1968; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986; Imazeki et al. , 1988; Moser & Jülich.

 

26b.

(24b) Branches cylindrical, acute. Basidia 80-110 x 11-14 μm. Associated with angiosperms.
T. cylindrica Corner
Ref.: Corner, 1968.

 

 

27a.

(20) Spores up to 8(-9) μm long.

 

 

 

Basidiome clavarioid to much-branched, coriaceous to fleshy-coriaceous, up to 6(-7) cm long, with branches varying from rather narrow to rather broad and applanate, sometimes with an unbranched basal stipe, bust sometimes densely branched from the base, apices often spiculose to fimbriate; gregarious. Abhymenial surface tomentose to often fibrillose. Hymenial surface typically purplish brown when fresh. Hyphae 2B5(B6) μm wide. Basidia 35-50(-60) x 6-7.5 μm. Spores brown, lobed, shortly and sparsely echinulate, 5-8(-9) x 4.5-6(-7) μm, spines rarely exceeding 0.5 μm. T. fuscella complex.

28

27b.

Spores at least 8 μm long, on average 9 μm or more.

33

 

28a.

Trama strongly cyanescent in KOH.

29

28b.

Trama not or hardly cyanescent.

31

 

29a.

(20a) Basidiome with a relatively narrow, smooth stipe, not pleuropodal.
T. gelidioides Corner
Ref.: Corner, 1968.

 

29b.

Basidiome with a relatively firm and often tomentose-strigose stipe, much branched at the very base.

30

 

30a.

(20a) Spores 6-8 x 4.5-6 μm, with very short spines (<0.5 μm).
T. fuscella Lloyd
Syn.: T. soluta Lloyd
Ref.: Corner, 1968.

 

30b.

(20a) Spores 7-9 x 5.5-8 μm, with spines 0.5-1 μm.
T. fucoides Corner.
Ref.: Corner, 1968.

 

 

31a.

(20a) Hymenium papillate.
T. phyllophoroides Corner
Ref.: Corner, 1968. [p. 69].

 

31b.

Hymenium not papillate.

32

 

32a.

(20a) Basidiome with relatively broad branches, hymenium inferior; stipe somewhat tomentose. Foetid when dry.
T. cervina Corner
Ref.: Corner, 1968.

 

32b.

(20a) Basidiome at least apically with more or less cylindrical branches, truly clavarioid, and then hymenium amphigenous; stipe smooth. Odour absent when dry.
T. arbuscula Corner
Syn.: ? T. dactylites Corner
Ref.: Corner, 1968.

 

 

33a.

(27) Hymenium amphigenous.

 

 

 

Basidiome clavarioid, coriaceous, up to 4 cm long. Abhymenial surface dark purplish brown. Hymenial surface smooth, purplish brown. Hyphae 2-6 μm wide. Basidia 30-45 x 7-8 μm. Spores brown, lobed, shortly and sparsely echinulate, 8.5-11(-12) x 5.5-7 μm, spines up to 0.5 μm long.
T. congesta Berk.
Syn.: ? T. zeylanica Corner
Ref.: Corner, 1968.

 

33b.

Hymenium unilateral, inferior. Cf. T. robustus under 13b.

 

 

34a.

(14) Hyphal strands present in basidiome.

35

34b.

Hyphal strands absent.

41

 

35a.

Spores regular to subangular. Trama cyanescent in KOH.

36

35b.

Spores angular to lobed. Trama not cyanescent in KOH.

37

 

36a.

Basidiome stipitate-discoid, pendent.

 

 

 

Stipe consisting of hyphal strands.
Basidiome up to 3 cm broad, stipe up to 1 cm long. Abhymenial surface strigose, greyish brown. Hymenial surface smooth, purplish brown. Margin fimbriate. Hyphal strands present, forming a net which holds the web of the thin trama together. Hyphae 3-6 μm wide. Basidia 40-50 x 10-12 μm. Spores regular to irregular, not lobed, echinulate, brown, 8-10 x 7-8 μm, spines 1-1.5 μm long. Hymenium cyanescent.
T. pendens Corner
Ref.: Corner, 1968.

 

36b.

Basidiome effused-reflexed to dimidiate.

 

 

 

Basidiomes dimidiate, imbricate, often encrusting on stems and then effused-reflexed, up to 7 cm wide. Abhymenial surface strigose, greyish brown, somewhat zonate. Hymenial surface smooth, purplish brown. Margin strigose, greyish white. Hyphal strands abundant. Hyphae 3-6 μm wide. [p. 70] Basidia 50-60 x 12-14 μm. Spores regular to irregular, rarely slightly lobed, echinulate, brown, 9-11.5 x 7-9 μm, spines up to 1 μm long. Hymenium cyanescent.
T. pseudoterrestris Corner
Ref.: Corner, 1968.

 

 

37a.

Spores 6.5-8 x 4.5-6.5 μm.

 

 

 

Basidiomes flabellate, caespitose, up to 3 cm wide, stipe up to 1 cm long. Abhymenial surface tomentose to strigose, pale vinaceous brown when dry. Hymenial surface smooth, rarely with some papillae, purplish brown. Hyphal strands present. Hyphae 3-10 μm wide. Basidia 40-80 x 8-12 μm. Spores irregular to lobed, echinulate, brown, spines up to 1 μm long. No part cyanescent.
T. americana Lloyd
Syn.: ? T. tenuis Burt
Ref.: Corner, 1968.

 

37b.

Spores at least 8 μm long.

 

 

 

Basidiome stipitate to sessile, rarely resupinate, dimidiate to infundibuliform, imbricate or effused-reflexed when encrusting, pileus up to 6 cm wide. Abhymenial surface tomentose to strigose, sometimes squamulose. Hyphal strands present. Hymenial surface smooth to papillose. Basidia 40-90 x 9-13 μm. Spores lobed, echinulate, brown, 8-12 x 6-9 μm. No parts cyanescent.

38

 

38a.

(37b) Hymenial surface pale brown to cinnamon-buff, smooth. Abhymenial surface cinnamon-buff.

 

 

 

Hyphae 3-6(-7) μm wide. Spores echinulate, 8.5-10.5(-11) x 6-8.5 μm, spines up to 1.5 μm long.
T. albidobrunnea Schw.
Syn.: Stereum micheneri Berk. & M.A. Curtis, S. spongiosum Massee, T. odorifera Peck
Ref.: Corner, 1968.

 

38b.

Hymenial surface purplish brown, purplish or dark brown, often papillate. Abhymenial surface typically darker.

39

 

39a.

Ornamentation of spores up to 1.5 μm long. Irregular cristate, penicillate or fimbriate excrescences typically present. Cf. T. penicillata under 24a.

 

39b.

Ornamentation of spores up to 0.5(B1) μm long. T. terrestris complex.

40

 

40a.

(8, 37) Margin even, never fimbriate. Abhymenial surface tomentose, more rarely with adnate fibrillose scales. Associated with gymnosperms.
T. mollissima Pers. : Fr.
Syn.: T. intybacea Pers. : Fr.
Ref.: Corner, 1968. [p. 71]
Note: both names are sanctioned by Fries (1821), but he commented upon T. intybacea as 'species dubia'. Hence T. mollissima is the preferred name.

 

 40b.

Margin fimbriate. Abhymenial surface fibrillose, strigose or rugose. Associated with gymnosperms, rarely angiosperms.
T. terrestris Ehrh. : Fr.
Syn.: T. laciniata Fr., T. griseozonata Cooke, T. minor Vel., T. rhipidium Vel.; T. crustosa Lloyd
Ref.: Talbot 1958; Corner, 1968; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986; Imazeki et al. , 1988; Moser & Jülich.

 

 

41a.

(34) Spores on average at least 9 μm long. Hymenium smooth.

42

41b.

Spores up to 8.5(-9) μm long and/or hymenium papillate.

46

 

42a.

Abhymenial surface fawn brown.

 

 

 

Basidiome flabelliform to infundibuliform, up to 6 cm high, fibrous, sometimes with new pilei developing from the basal or central parts. Abhymenial surface nearly smooth (tomentose or fibrillose when young?). Hymenial surface fuscous-purple when dry. Hyphae 3-6 μm wide, walls up to 1 μm thick. Basidia 50-70 x 7-10 μm. Spores lobed, echinulate, pale brown, 7.5-11 x 6-8.5 μm, spines up to 0.5 μm long. Subhymenium cyanescent, trama not.
T. brunneoviolacea Beeli
Ref.: Corner, 1968.

 

42b.

Abhymenial surface darker, grey to fuligineous, becoming nearly black when old.

43

 

43a.

Basidiome more or less centrally stipitate, often with new pilei developing from the centre.

 

 

 

Basidiome infundibuliform, up to 9 cm high, soft coriaceous. Abhymenial surface appressed fibrillose. Hymenial surface purplish black when dry. Margin paler. Hyphae 3-6 μm wide, walls up to 1 μm thick. Basidia 60-75 x 8-10 μm. Spores lobed, echinulate, brown, 9-12 x 7-9 μm, spines up to 1 μm long. Subhymenium and trama cyanescent.
T. magnifica Corner
Ref.: Corner, 1968.

 

43b.

Basidiome laterally stipitate to sessile.

44

 

44a.

Margin yellow. Spores irregular to slightly lobed.

 

 

 

Basidiome spathulate to flabelliform, up to 6 cm high, soft. Abhymenial surface nearly smooth (tomentose or fibrillose when young?). Hymenial surface blackish grey. Hyphae 3-6 μm wide, walls hardly thickened. Basidia 45-75 x 8-13 μm. Spores echinulate, pale brown, 8-13 x 6.5-9 μm, [p. 72] spines up to 1(-2) μm long. Subhymenium slightly cyanescent, trama not. Associated with angiosperms, rarely with gymnosperms.
T. atrocitrina Quélet
Syn.: ? T. uliginosa Boud.
Ref.: Corner, 1968.

 

44b.

Margin whitish to grey. Spores strongly lobed.

 

 

 

Basidiome spathulate to flabelliform, imbricate, up to 6(-10) cm high, soft. Hymenial surface fuscous fuligineous to greyish fuligineous. Hyphae 3-6 μm wide. Basidia 45-60 x 9-12 μm. Spores echinulate, brown, 8-12(-13.5) x (6-)6.5-10 μm. Subhymenium cyanescent. T. cerberea complex.

45

 

45a.

(44b) Thick-walled hyphae (walls up to 2 μm thick) present. Trama cyanescent in KOH. Spores echinulate, spines up to 1 μm long.
T. cerberea Corner
Ref.: Corner, 1968.

 

45b.

(44b) Thick-walled hyphae absent (wall up to 0.5 μm thick). Trama hardly cyanescent in KOH. Spores minutely echinulate, spines up to 0.5 μm long.
T. erebia Corner
Ref.: Corner, 1968.

 

 

46a.

(41) Spores echinulate and hymenium warted to papillate.

 

 

 

Basidiome spathulate to flabelliform, up to 10 cm high, subcoriaceous when fresh. Abhymenial surface tomentose to strigose when young, becoming smooth, greyish at first, becoming pale brown to fuligineous. Hymenial surface fuligineous to greyish fuligineous, more yellowish towards the margin. Hyphae 2-5 μm wide, some thick-walled. Basidia 40-80 x (6-)7-10 μm. Spores echinulate, brown, (6-)7-10 x (5.5-)6-9 μm. Not or slightly cyanescent.
T. japonica Yasuda ex Lloyd
Syn.: T. gelatinoidea Lloyd, Hydnum nauseofoetidum Teng
Ref.: Reid, 1962; Corner, 1968.

 

46b.

Spores warted or hymenium smooth.

47

 

47a.

Spores echinulate, spines up to 1(-1.5) μm long. Basidiome infundibuliform, entire or lobed, centrally stipitate and stipe 0.5-2 cm long, rarely flabelliform. Hymenium smooth.

 

 

 

Basidiome infundibuliform, sometimes divided into a small number of deep lobes, sometimes with new pilei developing from the centre, up to 4 cm high, coriaceous, sometimes arising from mycelial pad. Abhymenial surface tomentose to appressed fibrillose, becoming more or less smooth with age. Margin paler. Hyphae 2.5-5(-8) μm wide, walls up to 1 μm thick. Basidia 40-65(-90) x 7-10(-12) μm. Spores lobed, echinulate, [p. 73] brown, 6-8(-8.5) x 4.5-7 μm, spines up to 1.5 μm long. Subhymenium more or less cyanescent, trama not. T. caryophyllea complex.

48

47b.

Spores warted. Basidiome more or less flabelliform or spathulate to merismatoid, pleuropodal or stipe short and multi-pileate when central. Hymenium sometimes smooth when young, but typically becoming papillate.

 

 

 

Basidiome entire or margin lobed, up to 11 cm high, coriaceous. Abhymenial surface tomentose to fibrillose, becoming more or less smooth with age. Margin paler. Hyphae 2-5(-7) μm wide. Basidia 30-55 x 6.5-9(-10) μm. Odour often distinct, sometimes of fenugreek. Subhymenium and trama not or slightly cyanescent. T. vialis complex.

49

 

48a.

(47a) Stipe smooth, rarely subtomentose. Abhymenial surface fuscous to purplish brown. Associated with gymnosperms.
T. caryophyllea (Schaeffer : Fr.) Fr.
Syn.: Clavaria flabellaris Batsch : Fr., T. strigosa Fr., T. radiata Fr., T. ambigua Pers., T. convoluta Vel.
Ref.: Corner, 1968.

 

48b.

(47a) Stipe tomentose, arising from mycelial pad. Abhymenial surface reddish brown to buff or pale ochraceous. Associated with angiosperms.
T. regularis Schw.
Ref.: Reid 1962; Corner, 1968.

 

 

49a.

(47b) Spores olive buff in mass, 4.5-7.5(-8) x 4.5-6.5 μm.

 

 

 

Abhymenial surface greyish to pale yellow, becoming pale dull brown. Hymenial surface pale yellowish to grey brown. Associated with angiosperms.
T. vialis Schw.
Syn.: T. lutosa Schw., T. tephroleuca Berk. & M.A. Curtis, T. papillosa Lloyd
Ref.: Reid, 1962; Corner, 1968.

 

49b.

Spores fuscous to vinaceous in mass, 6-9 x 5-8 μm.

50

 

50a.

(47b) Abhymenial and hymenial surface with orange tinges.
T. aurantiotincta Corner
Ref.: Corner, 1968; Imazeki et al. , 1988.

 

50b.

(47b) Abhymenial surface yellowish grey to olivaceous grey, dark grey when wet. Hymenial surface grey to vinaceous.
T. nigricans Stalpers
Syn.: Thelephora nigrescens Bres. [non Th. nigrescens Schrader]; ? Phylacteria varians Pat.
Ref.: Corner, 1968 [p. 74].

 

 

Tomentella(Pers.) Pat. 1887 nom. cons.

Syn.:

Alytosporium Link, Amaurodon J. Schroeter, Caldesiella Sacc., Hydnopsis (J. Schroeter) Rea, Hypochnus Fr., Karstenia Britz., Lazulinospora Burdsall & M.J. Larsen, Odontia Pers., Prillieuxia Sacc. & D. Sacc., Tomentellastrum Svrček

Basidiome annual, resupinate, effused, hypochnoid, byssoid, tomentose, pellicular or submembranaceous, separable or not. Hymenial surface discontinuous when young, later typically continuous, even, granular, warted or hydnoid with yellowish, pinkish, reddish, brownish, greenish, bluish, purplish, greyish or blackish tinges, often bluish, greenish or blackish with KOH. Spore-print cream-coloured to brownish or purplish. Hyphal strands present or absent.
Hyphal system monomitic or rarely dimitic. Skeletal hyphae when present often restricted to the hyphal strands, more rarely elsewhere in the subiculum. Subicular hyphae subhyaline to brown, thin- to thick-walled, smooth or encrusted, rarely inflated, typically branching at right angles. Subhymenial hyphae hyaline to brownish, thin- to thick-walled, typically branching at right angles. Clamps present on nearly all septa, completely absent or lacking on many subicular hyphae; rarely only present on some subicular hyphae. Hyphidia only known in one species. Cystidia or cystidioles rarely present. Basidia clavate, with 2-4 sterigmata, often septate in the middle or at the base of the sterigmata. Spores subhyaline to brown, globose to ellipsoid, regular, angular or lobed in outline, ornamented, typically with somewhat thickened walls, not amyloid. Subhymenial hyphae, basidia and/or spores sometimes changing colour in KOH.
Substratum: soil-inhabiting and often(?) ectomycorrhizal, basidiomes on wood of angiosperms and gymnosperms, encrusting herbs or on humus or debris.

Type species: Thelephora ferruginea Pers.: Fr.

References: Svrček, 1960; Larsen, 1968, 1974; Jülich & Stalpers, 1980

1a.

Clamps absent or rare and only on subicular hyphae, always lacking on the basidia.

2

1b.

Clamps present on most primary septa, rarely scattered on the subicular hyphae, but always present on the basidia.

13

 

2a.

Ornamentation of the spores warted and usually bifurcate. Spores often appearing lobed by strongly pronounced ornamentation. Subhymenial hyphae rarely exceeding 3.5 μm in width.

3

2b.

Ornamentation of spores echinulate and not bifurcate. Spores regular, more rarely irregular. Subhymenial hyphae typically exceeding 3.5 μm in width [p. 75].

4

3a.

Cystidia brown, thick-walled, septate, 100-200 x 4-7(-10) μm, single or in fascicles.

 

 

 

Basidiome tomentose to hypochnoid, separable. Hymenial surface even, hispid, sometimes hydnoid, ferrugineous to dark brown. Subiculum concolorous or darker, margin paler. Hyphal strands present. Skeletal hyphae yellowish, 1.5-2 μm wide. Generative subicular hyphae 3.5-5(-6) μm wide, some slightly purplish in KOH. Subhymenial hyphae hyaline to yellowish, thin-walled, 2.5-4 μm wide. Clamps only found on subicular hyphae, sometimes completely absent. Basidia (25-)35-50(-60) x 5-8(-9) μm, somewhat ochraceous in KOH. Spores irregularly globose to lobed, (6-)7-11 μm wide, warted and warts often dichotomously branched. Associated with angiosperms and gymnosperms.
Tomentellina fibrosa (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) M.J. Larsen
Syn.: Kneiffiella bombycina P. Karst.; Tomentellina ferruginosa Höhnel & Litsch.; Hypochnus canadensis Burt
Ref.: Svrček, 1960; Gilbertson 1974; Larsen, 1968; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986.

 

3b.

Cystidia absent. cf. Pseudotomentella.

 

 

4a.

Basidia at least 35 μm long, on average exceeding 45 μm. Spores at least 7.5 μm long. Basidia and spores not cyanophilous, or only when young.

5

4b.

Basidia up to 40 μm long, on average shorter. Spores ranging between 4 and 11 μm in length. Basidia and spores often cyanophilous.

11

 

5a.

Basidiome arachnoid to byssoid, not compact.

6

5b.

Basidiome adherent, firm tomentose to thick membanaceous to crustose, compact, sometimes cracking when dry.

7

 

6a.

Spores globose to irregularly globose, strongly echinulate, 7-12 x 7-10 μm. Hymenial surface with brown tinges.

 

 

 

Basidiome hypochnoid, tomentose or felty. Hymenial surface brown to olive-brown or violaceous brown to violaceous black. Margin fibrillose. Subiculum brown. Hyphal strands absent or obscure, up to 40 μm wide. Subicular hyphae brown, with thickened to thick walls, 2,5-7 μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae hyaline to yellowish brown, 3.55(6) μm wide. Basidia 40-75(-90) x 7-10(-11) μm. Basidia and hyphae often cyanescent in KOH. Ornamentation of spores up to 2(2.5) μm long. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
T. badia (Link) Stalpers
Syn.: Thelephora floridana Ellis & Everh.; Tomentella atroviolacea Litsch.; Tom. fimbriata M.P. Christ.;
Ref.: Larsen, 1967b, 1968, 1981; Svrček, 1960; Stalpers 1975.
Note: Thelephora fuscocinerea Persoon in the sense of Svrček (1960) and Tomentella macrospora auctt. also belong here. [p. 76].

 

6b.

Spores subglobose to broadly ellipsoid, short-echinulate, 7.5-10 x 6-8 μm. Hymenial surface with grey tinges.

 

 

 

Basidiome hypochnoid to byssoid. Hymenial surface greyish brown, even. Hyphal strands present, up to 30 μm wide. Subicular hyphae brown, with thickened to thick walls, 2,5-6 μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae hyaline to yellowish brown, 3-5(-6) μm wide. Basidia 35-50 x 7-9) μm. Basidia and hyphae often cyanescent in KOH. Ornamentation of spores up to 1 μm long. Associated with angiosperms.
T. caesiocinerea (Svrček) M.J. Larsen
Ref.: Larsen, 1981.

 

 

7a.

Clamps present at some septa in the subhymenium. Subhymenial hyphae irregular, with swellings. Spores globose to subglobose, never applanate, regular, echinulate, 8.5-11(-12.5) μm diam.

 

 

 

Basidiome membranaceous to crustose, compact. Hymenial surface medium brown to dark brown, smooth. Subiculum dark brown. Subicular hyphae brown, 2.5-4 μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae thin-walled, subhyaline to yellowish brown, 2.5-6 μm wide. Basidia 45-70 x 8-11 μm.
T. litschaueri Svrček
Ref.: Larsen, 1981.

 

7b.

Clamps absent from all septa. Subhymenial hyphae regular. Spores subglobose to ellipsoid, rarely globose, often applanate at one side, regular, echinulate.

 

 

 

Basidiome membranaceous to tomentose to nearly fleshy, compact, often cracking when dry. Hymenial surface brown, purplish brown or greyish brown to violaceous, paler when dry. Margin villose to fibrillose. Subiculum dark brown. Hyphal strands typically present, but often rare and sometimes lacking. Subicular hyphae brown with distinctly thickened walls, (2-)3-6(-7) μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae thin- to slightly thick-walled, subhyaline to yellowish brown, 3-6(-7) μm wide, often cyanescent in KOH. Basidia 40-70 x 8-13 μm. T. fuscocinerea complex.

8

 

8a.

(7b) Hymenial surface pale tan, pale brown, clay coloured.

 

 

 

Basidiome up to 1 mm thick. Subicular hyphae 3.5B5.5(B7) μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae 3.5-5 μm wide. Basidia 50-70 x 9-13 μm. Spores 9-14 x 7-12 μm.
T. alutaceo-umbrina (Bres.) Litsch.
Syn.: T. macrospora Höhn. & Litsch., T. mycophila Bourdot & Galzin
Ref.: Larsen, 1968, 1981.

 

8b.

Hymenial surface darker coloured.

9

 

9a.

(7b) Basidiome up to 1.5 mm thick, membranaceous to crustose.

 

 

 

Subicular hyphae 3-6(-7) μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae 3-6 μm wide. Basidia 50-70 x 10-13 μm. Spores (9-)10-12(-14) x 7-10(-11) μm.
T. fuscocinerea (Pers. : Fr.) Donk [p. 77]
Syn.: T. phylacteris (Bull.) Bourdot & Galzin sensu auctt.
Ref.: Larsen, 1981.
Note: this species is often placed in Thelephora because of its relative thickness. However, the species in this complex tend to be somewhat thicker than average and the classidication of T. fuscocinerea in Tomentella is justified in view of a continuous development of this character. The other characters fit perfectly with those of the related Tomentellae. There is only one other clampless species known in Thelephora , Th. cuticularis Berk., which is also closely related.

 

9b.

Basidiome up to 0.5 μm mm thick, membranaceous, tomentose or crustose.

10

 

10a.

(7b) Some subicular hyphae narrow, 2-3 μm wide.

 

 

 

Subicular hyphae 2-3.5(-4.5) μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae 3-5 μm wide. Basidia 40-60 x 8-12 μm. Spores 7.5-10 x 6-8 μm.
T. brunneofirma M.J. Larsen
Ref.: Svrček 1960; Larsen, 1968, 1981.

 

10b.

(7b) Subicular hyphae at least 3 μm wide.

 

 

 

Subicular hyphae 3-5.5(-6) μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae 4-5 μm wide. Basidia 45-65 x 8-12 μm. Spores (7-)8-11 x 6-8(-9) μm.
T. montanensis M.J. Larsen
Ref.: Litschauer 1941; Larsen, 1968, 1981.

 

 

11a.

(4) Spores on average at least 8 μm in diam, echinulate, spines at least 1 μm long. Subicular hyphae at least 8 μm wide, not blue in KOH. Cf. Botryohypochnus.

 

11b.

Spores 5-7 long, warted, warts smaller than 0.5 μm, blue in KOH. Subicular hyphae up to 6 μm wide. ( Amaurodon, Lazulinospora).
Note: if spores echinulate and not blue in KOH, cf. Tomentellopsis.

12

 

12a.

Spores irregularly ovoid, warted to sparsely echinulate, 5-7 x 2.5-4 μm. Subicular hyphae thin-walled.

 

 

 

Basidiome arachnoid to hypochnoid, very thin. Hymenial surface deep dull violaceous blue to glaucous green when fresh, greyish yellow when dry. Subicular hyphae smooth or slightly encrusted, (2-)2.5-4(-5) μm wide. Basidia 25-35(-40) x 4.5-6 μm, sterigmata 4-6 μm long. Associated with gymnosperms.
T. cyanea (Wakef.) Bourdot & Galzin
Ref.: Larsen, 1968; Burdsall & Larsen, 1974.

 

12b.

Spores irregularly subglobose, rarely ovoid, strongly warted, 5-5.5 x 3.5-5 μm. Subicular hyphae with thickened walls.

 

 

 

Basidiome hypochnoid, thin. Hymenial surface somewhat discontinuous, pale turquoise to light green. Subicular hyphae smooth, (2.5-)4-5(-6) μm wide. [p. 78] Basidia (15-)20-30 x 4-6.5 μm, sterigmata 3-4 μm long. Associated with angiosperms.
T. wakefieldiae (Burdsall & M.J. Larsen) Stalpers
Ref.: Burdsall & Larsen, 1974; Wakefield, 1969.

 

 

13a.

(1) Cystidia or cystidioles present.

14

13b.

Cystidia or cystidioles absent.

23

 

14a.

Hyphal strands present.

15

14b.

Hyphal strands absent.

19

 

15a.

Cystidia up to 5(-6.5) μm wide at the base and up to 3.5(-4.5) μm at the apex.

16

15b.

Cystidia especially at the apex much wider.

17

 

16a.

Hymenial surface pinkish to grey buff to reddish brown. Basidia 25-55 x 5-8 μm. Subiculum paler than hymenium.

 

 

 

Basidiome granulose to submembranaceous. Hymenial surface even, mealy or granulose; margin archnoid, pale. Hyphal strands often present, up to 15 μm wide, individual hyphae 2-3 μm wide. Subicular hyphae hyaline to pale tan, 2.5-4.5(-5.5) μm wide, with thickened walls. Subhymenial hyphae hyaline, thin-walled, 2.5-4.5(-5.5) μm wide. Cystidia cylindrical, sometimes slightly widened at the base and apex, hyaline, 35-60 x 2.5-5(-6.5) μm, often septate, often with brown encrusting material at the apex. Spores yellowish to brown, irregularly globose to lobed, warted to echinulate, 7-9(-10) x 6-8 μm. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
T. subtestacea (Bourdot & Galzin) Svrček
Syn.: ? Tomentella roana (Bourdot & Galzin) Svrček
Ref.: Larsen, 1974; Svrček 1960.

 

 16b.

Hymenial surface tan to brown, sometimes with olivaceous tinge. Basidia 40-50(-60) x 8-12 μm. Subiculum somewhat darker than hymenium.

 

 

 

Basidiome arachnoid to byssoid to submembranaceous; separable. Hymenial surface even to warted, margin arachnoid to fimbriate, paler. Hyphal strands up to 50 μm wide, individual hyphae 2-4 μm wide. Subicular hyphae olive brown to yellowish brown, thick-walled, 2.5-5(-7) μm wide, often encrusted. Subhymenial hyphae 3-5(-7) μm wide. Cystidia hyphoid, up to 70 x 2-4(-5) μm, often septate, smooth. Spores yellowish to dark brown, irregularly globose to lobed, echinulate, (7-)89.5(-10) x 7-8 μm. Associated with angiosperms.
T. atro-arenicolor Nikolajeva
Ref.: Larsen, 1974; Nikolajeva, 1970. [p. 79].

 

 

17a.

Cystidia brown, often basally with thickened walls, originating in subiculum, expanded (up to 12 μm wide) and often encrusted at the apex, embedded or projecting up to 80 μm.

 

 

 

Basidiome byssoid to membranaceous, separable. Hymenial surface even to granulose, yellowish brown to tobacco brown or olivaceous brown; margin paler. Subiculum concolorous or darker. Subicular hyphae yellowish brown, thick-walled, 2.5-5.5(-8) μm wide. Hyphal strands up to 200 μm wide; individual hyphae 2-3(-4) μm wide. Subhymenial 3-4 μm wide. Basidia 35-60 x 6-10 μm. Spores yellowish to golden brown, irregular, echinulate, 6-8(-9) x 5-7 μm. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
T. pilosa (Burt) Bourdot & Galzin
Ref.: Larsen, 1968, 1974; Wakefield 1969; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986.

 

17b.

Cystidia hyaline, thin-walled, originating in subhymenium, smooth.

18

 

18a.

Cystidia clavate, 35-120 μm long, 3-4(-6) μm wide at the base, 6-8(-9) μm at the apex, usually septate, emerging.

 

 

 

Basidiome arachnoid to byssoid, separable. Hymenial surface even to granulose, drab to wood brown to buff; margin similar. Subiculum pale tan to medium brown. Hyphal strands 15B80 μm wide; individual hyphae 2-3.5 μm wide. Subicular hyphae yellowish to brown, with thickened walls, 3.5-6 μm, often encrusted and spinulose. Subhymenial hyphae 3-4.5 μm (or 5-7(-10) μm) wide. Basidia 25-40 x 7-9 μm. Spores brownish, echinulate, globose to subglobose to irregular, 7-9(-10) μm diam. or 7-9 x 5-6 μm. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
T. muricata (Ellis & Everh.) Wakef.
Ref.: Larsen, 1968, 1974; Wakefield, 1960.

 

18b.

Cystidia clavate-cylindrical, up to 90 x 15 μm, aseptate, filled with ochre to reddish ochre material, not emerging.

 

 

 

Basidiome arachnoid to byssoid, separable. Hymenial surface even, dull buff to wood brown; margin paler. Subiculum concolorous or darker. Hyphal strands 10-40 μm wide; individual hyphae 2.5-4 μm wide. Subicular hyphae pale yellow to tan, with thickened walls, (3.5-)5-7 μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae 3-5 μm wide. Basidia (40-)50-65 x 7-10(-11) μm. Spores hyaline to pale yellow, irregular to lobed, echinulate, 7.5-11 μm diam. Associated with angiosperms ( Pyrola).
T. pirolae (Ellis & Halsted) M.J. Larsen
Ref.: Larsen, 1968, 1974.

 

 

19a.

(14) Hymenial surface greenish to olivaceous brown.

20

19b.

Hymenial surface tan to brown, without greenish tinge.

21

 

20a.

Cystidia acuminate, rarely some clavate, up to 85 x 4-9 μm, hyaline to pale tan, projecting up to 40 μm. [p. 80]

 

 

 

Hymenial surface granulose to pulverulent, rarely smooth, dull green to olive brown. Margin and subiculum concolorous or paler than hymenium. Subicular hyphae pale brown, thick-walled, 2.5-3.5 μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae 3.5-5(-6) μm wide. Basidia 30-45 x 6-8 μm. Spores pale brown, irregular to lobed, echinulate, 6-8.5 μm diam. Associated with angiosperms.
T. galzinii Bourdot
Ref.: Larsen, 1968, 1974.

 

20b.

Cystidia hyaline, clavate to capitate, 2-5 μm wide at the base, up to 7 μm wide at the apex, 50-90 μm long, often thick-walled at the base.

 

 

 

Hymenial surface even to punctate or granulose, greyish green to olive brown. Subiculum concolorous with hymenium, margin paler to whitish. Subicular hyphae hyaline to yellowish or olive-brown, 2-4 μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae 2.5-5(-6) μm wide. Basidia 35-45(-50) x 5-7 μm. Spores yellowish brown to hazel, irregular to lobed, rarely subglobose, echinulate, 6-8(-9) x 6-7(-8) μm. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
T. viridula (Bourdot & Galzin) Svrček
Ref.: Larsen, 1968, 1974; Wakefield, 1969.

 

 

21a.

Spores subhyaline to pale brown, globose to broadly ellipsoid, rarely slightly irregular.

 

 

 

Basidiome arachnoid to tomentose, adherent. Hymenial surface even to granulose or discontinuous, buff to wood-brown or greyish brown. Margin and subiculum paler. Subicular hyphae subhyaline or pale yellowish brown, thin- or rarely thick-walled, 3-5(-5.5) μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae 4-5(-8) μm. Cystidia originating in subiculum or subhymenium, clavate, up to 160 μm long, 2.5-5 μm wide at the base and 6-12 μm at the apex, projecting up to 80 μm. Basidia 25-35 x 6-8.5(-9.5) μm. Spores echinulate, 6-8(-9) x 6-7.5 μm. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
T. subclavigera Litsch.
Ref.: Larsen, 1968, 1974; Svrček 1960; Wakefield, 1969; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986.

 

21b.

Spores yellowish brown, irregular to lobed, usually elongated along one axis.

22

 

22a.

Cystidia typically with brown encrusting material at the apex, up to 60 μm long. Cf. T. subtestacea under 16a.

 

22b.

Cystidia without encrusting material, up to 100 μm long.

 

 

 

Basidiome adherent. Hymenial surface even, dull pinkish buff to dull brown; margin paler. Subiculum concolorous or darker. Subicular hyphae hyaline to pale yellow, thin-walled, 2.5-4 μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae 3-5 μm wide. Cystidia originating in subhymenium, narrowly clavate to capitate, up to 100 μm long, 3-5 μm wide at the base and 5-10 μm at the [p. 81] apex, somtimes finely encrusted. Basidia 45-55 x 8-9 μm. Spores yellowish brown, irregular to lobed, usually elongated along one axis, echinulate, 7.5-8.5(-10) x 7.5-8.5(-9) μm. Associated with gymnosperms.
T. clavigera Litsch. apud Svrček
Ref.: Larsen, 1974; Svrček, 1960.

 

 

23a.

(13) Skeletal hyphae (thick-walled, 1-2 μm wide, no clamps) present in subiculum and/or hyphal strands.

24

23b.

Skeletal hyphae absent, all hyphae at least 2 μm wide.

32

 

24a.

Spores up to 6 μm diam, on average smaller.

25

24b.

Spores at least on average larger than 6 μm.

27

 

25a.

Spores globose, echinulate, pale yellowish brown, 4-6 μm diam. Hymenial surface even to minutely granular.

 

 

 

Basidiome arachnoid to byssoid, separable. Hymenial surface ferrugineous brown to ochraceous brown; margin concolorous or darker, subiculum darker. Hyphal strands up to 80 μm wide, consisting of generative hyphae and sometimes also skeletal hyphae. Skeletal hyphae pale yellow to critine, 1-2 μm wide. Subicular hyphae yellowish brown, thin- to somewhat thick-walled, 2-4 μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae 2-3 μm wide. Basidia 25-40 x 5-7 μm. Associated with angiosperms.
T. brunneorufa M.J. Larsen
Ref.: Larsen, 1974.

 

25b.

Spores warted, pale brown or olivaceous to umbre. Hymenial surface granulose to distinctly odontioid.

26

 

26a.

Spores globose to subglobose, (4-)5-6 μm diam. or 5-6 x 4-5 μm. Basidia 30-40 x (5-)6-7(-8) μm, sterigmata up to 6 μm long.

 

 

 

Basidiome byssoid, separable. Hymenial surface granulose to odontioid (teeth up to 2 mm long), dull ferrugineous brown; margin paler. Subiculum dark ferrugineous brown. Hyphal strands up to 40 μm wide, consisting of generative hyphae, 2-3.5 μm wide. Skeletal hyphae yellow to critine, 1-2 μm wide. Subicular hyphae 2-5 μm wide, subhyaline to yellowish brown, thin- to thick-walled, often encrusted, sometimes spinulose. Subhymenial hyphae 2-3.5 μm wide. Associated with angiosperms, more rarely gymnosperms.
T. calcicola (Bourdot & Galzin) M.J. Larsen
Ref.: Larsen, 1968, 1974.

 

26b.

Spores globose, 3-3.5(-4) μm diam. Basidia (15-)20-25 x 4-5(-6) μm, sterigmata up to 4 μm long.

 

 

 

Basidiome tomentose to byssoid, separable. Hymenial surface granular to odontioid (teeth up to 1 mm long), olivaceous to ferrugineous brown; margin concolorous or paler. Subiculum concolorous. Hyphal strands up to [p. 82] 20 μm wide, consisting of skeletal and/or generative hyphae 1-3.5 μm wide. Skeletal hyphae yellow to citrine, 1-2 μm wide. Subicular hyphae 2.5-5 μm wide, yellowish to brown, thin- to thick-walled, often encrusted. Subhymenial hyphae 2-2.5(-3) μm wide. Associated with angiosperms.
T. duemmeri (Wakef.) M.J. Larsen
Syn.: Tomentella subcalcicola M.J. Larsen
Ref.: Larsen, 1974.

 

 

27a.

Spores warted, ornamentation typically bifurcate.

28

27b.

Spores echinulate, ornamentation not bifurcate.

29

 

28a.

Hymenial surface ferrugineous to dull brown, warted to typically hydnoid.

 

 

 

Basidiome tomentose to membranaceous. Subiculum concolorous, margin concolorous or paler than hymenial surface. Hyphal strands up to 25 μm wide, consisting of skeletal and/or generative hyphae, 1-3 μm wide. Skeletal hyphae 1-2.5 μm wide. Subicular hyphae yellowish to pale brown, thick-walled, 2.5-4.5 μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae hyaline, thin-walled, 2.5-4 μm wide. Basidia 40-65 x 7-9 μm. Spores globose to irregular, brownish, warted, warts often bifurcate, 7-10 μm diam, becoming darker in KOH. Associated with angiosperms, more rarely with gymnosperms.
T. crinalis (Fr.) M.J. Larsen
Syn.: Odontia ferruginea Pers.; Hydnum ferruginosum Fr. : Fr.
Ref.: Larsen, 1968, 1974; Svrček 1960; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986.

 

28b.

Hymenial surface even, yellowish green to green. Cf. Pseudotomentella humicola.

 

 

29a.

Spores irregular to lobed; subicular hyphae not encrusted.

 

 

 

Basidiome arachnoid to tomentose to submembranaceous. Hymenial surface even to warted, with yellowish green, olivaceous or brown tinges. Subiculum yellowish brown to ferrugineous, margin paler or concolorous. Hyphal strands up to 90 μm wide, consisting of skeletoid or generative hyphae, 2-3 μm wide. Skeletal hyphae often present, 2-2.5(-3) μm wide. Subicular hyphae yellowish to pale brown, 3-6(-7) μm wide, with thin to thick walls. Subhymenial hyphae 3-4(-5) μm wide. Basidia 30-50 x 6-8 μm, often cyanescent in KOH. Spores warted to typically echinulate, 6-8 μm diam. T. ferruginea complex.

30

29b.

Spores globose to broadly ellipsoid, when irregular then subicular hyphae encrusted.

31

 

30a.

(28a) Hymenial surface yellowish green, olivaceous, ferrugineous or dull brown.

 

 

 

Basidia greenish to purplish in KOH; spores pale brown. Associated with angiosperms, more rarely gymnosperms.
T. ferruginea (Pers.) Pat. [p. 83]
Syn.: Grandinia coriaria Peck; G. rudis Peck; Tomentella suberis Pat.; Hypochnus fulvocinctus Bres.; ? H. atrovirens Bres.
Ref.: Larsen, 1966, 1968; Parmasto, 1968; Svrček 1960.

 

30b.

(28a) Hymenial surface reddish brown to dark brown.

 

 

 

Skeletal hyphae often rare. Basidia ochraceous in KOH; spores pale brown to dark brown. Associated with angiosperms.
T. umbrinospora M.J. Larsen
Ref.: Larsen, 1968, 1974.

 

 

31a.

Spores 5-6.5(-7.5) μm diam; hymenial surface dark brown to greyish blue, typically warted. Cf. T. neobourdotii under 43a.

 

31b.

Spores 7-9 μm diam; hymenial surface yellowish brown to ferrugineous, even. Cf. T. rubiginosa under 73b.

 

 

32a.

(23) Spores pale yellow, becoming blue to purple in KOH.

33

32b.

Spores not blue or purple in KOH.

34

 

33a.

Spores irregularly globose, warted, warts sometimes bifurcate, 7-9(-10.5) x 7-8.5(-9) μm. Cf. Pseudotomentella atrocyanea.
Note: the systematic position of this species is intermediate between Pseudotomentella and Tomentella subg. Odontia.

 

33b.

Spores globose to subglobose, subhyaline to pale yellow, warted, 4.5-6 μm diam.

 

 

 

Basidiome arachnoid to tomentose, separable. Hymenial surface smooth to warted or odontioid, dull green to yellowish green to olivaceous. Margin paler than hymenial surface, fibrillose. Subiculum paler. Hyphal strands up to 30 μm wide, individual hyphae 2-3 μm wide. Subicular hyphae hyaline to citrine, thin- to somewhat thick-walled, 2.5-4.5(-6) μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae 2.5-4.5 μm wide. Basidia 20-35 x 5-7 μm. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
T. chlorina (Massee) G.H. Cunn.
Syn.: Hydnum viride Alb. & Schw. : Fr.; Thelephora viridis Berk. in Hooker 1860 [non Th. viridis Preuss 1851].
Ref.: Cunningham, 1963; Larsen, 1968, 1974; Moser & Jülich.

 

 

34a.

Ornamentation of the spores warted and usually bifurcate. Spores often appearing lobed by strongly pronounced ornamentation. Cf. Pseudotomentella.

 

34b.

Ornamentation of spores echinulate and not bifurcate. Spores regular, irregular or lobed, bot lobes not restricted to a single bifurcate wart or ridge.

35

 

35a.

Spores in majority regular, globose to broadly ellipsoid, rarely some irregular, but never lobed.

36

35b.

Spores in majority irregular to lobed [p. 84].

64

 

36a.

Spores up to 7(-8) μm long, on average smaller than 7 μm.

37

36b.

Spores 6.5-12 6.5 μm long, on average longer than 7 μm.

46

 

37a.

Basidia 40-60 μm long.

 

 

 

Basidiome hypochnoid to tomentose. Hymenial surface smooth to rarely granulose, brown. Margin paler. Subicular hyphae with thickened walls, 2-4(-5) μm. Subhymenial hyphae 2-4 μm wide. Spores globose to subglobose, echinulate. T. ferruginella complex.

38

37b.

Basidia 20-45 μm long.

39

 

38a.

(37a) Basidia 40-60 x 6-7.5 μm. Spores brown, 5-6.5(-7) μm diam. Hyphal strands absent. Associated with angiosperms.
T. fraseri M.J. Larsen
Ref.: Larsen, 1975.

 

 38b.

(37a) Basidia 40-60 x 8.5-11 μm. Spores pale brown, 6-8 x 6-7.5 μm. Hyphal strands typically present.
T. ferruginella (Bourdot & Galzin) Svrček
Ref.: Svrček 1960; Larsen, 1974; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986.

 

 

39a.

Subicular hyphae thin- to slightly thick-walled.

 

 

 

Basidiome arachnoid to tomentose, separable. Hymenial surface even to warted, buff to greyish brown or dull brown, often with olivaceous tinge. Subiculum and margin paler. Hyphal strands present or absent. Subicular hyphae hyaline to pale brown, thin- or slightly thick-walled, 2.5-4(-5) μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae (2-)2.5-4(-5) μm wide. Basidia 25-45 x 6-8 μm. Spores globose to subglobose, pale brown, warted to echinulate, (4.5-)5-6.5(-7) μm diam. T. cinerascens complex.

40

39b.

At least some subicular hyphae thick-walled.

42

 

40a.

(39a) Basidia and subhymenial hyphae partly bluish black in KOH.

 

 

 

Hymenial surface even to warted, pinkish buff to brownish yellow or dark olive when dry. Spores 4.5-6.5(-7.5) μm diam. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
T. molybdaea Bourdot & Galzin
Ref.: Larsen, 1970, 1974.

 

40b.

Basidia and subhymenial hyphae not bluish black in KOH.

41

 

41a.

(39a) Hymenial surface grey to dull buff or pinkish buff. Some subhymenial hyphae and basidia green in KOH. Hyphal strands often present, up to 90 μm wide, individual hyphae (1.5-)2-3 μm wide. Associated with angiosperms, rarely gymnosperms.
T. cinerascens (P. Karst.) Höhnel & Litsch. [p. 85]
Syn.: Hypochnus capnoides Bres.; Tomentella asterigma R. Maire; T. subcervina Litsch.; T. lilacinogrisea Wakef.
Ref.: Larsen, 1968, 1974; Svrček, 1960.

 

41b.

(39a) Hymenial surface dull brown to drab, often with olivaceous tinge. Subhymenial hyphae and basidia not green in KOH. Hyphal strands absent. Associated with angiosperms.
T. donkii Litsch.
Ref.: Larsen, 1974.

 

 

42a.

Spores subglobose to ellipsoid, 5-8 μm long.

43

42b.

Spores globose to subglobose, 4-5.5 μm diam.

44

 

43a.

Spores 5-7(-7.5) x 5-6.5(-7) μm, distinctly echinulate, spines at least 0.5 μm long. Thick-walled, spinulose (encrusting material) subicular hyphae typically present.

 

 

 

Basidiome arachnoid to byssoid. Hymenial surface even to typically granulose to warted, dull brown to dull greyish blue. Subiculum dark brown. Hyphal strands absent or present, up to 35 μm wide. Subicular hyphae with thickened walls, brown, 2-5(-6.5) μm, some narrow ones with simple septa (nearly skeletoid). Subhymenial hyphae 3-4.5 μm wide. Basidia 20-35 x 5.5-7.5 μm. Basidiospores subglobose to broadly ellipsoid, regular to irregular, brown. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
T. neobourdotii M.J. Larsen
Syn.: T. bourdotii Svrček
Ref.: Larsen, 1968, 1974.

 

43b.

Spores 6-8(-9.5) x 5.5-7(-8) μm, shortly echinulate, spines up to 0.5 μm. Subicular hyphae not spinulose. Cf. T. pilatii under 57a.

 

 

44a.

Hymenial surface warted to odontioid, buff to ochraceous brown or reddish brown.

 

 

 

Basidiome byssoid. Subicular hyphae yellowish brown, encrusted with granules. Subhymenial hyphae hyaline, 2-3 μm wide, encrusted. Basidia 20-25(-30) x 6-7 μm. Spores warted to echinulate, 4-4.5 μm diam.
T. rufobrunnea Petch
Ref.: Larsen, 1974.

 

44b.

Hymenial surface even, brown.

 

 

 

Basidiome tomentose to submembranaceous. Subicular hyphae brown to dull brown, thick-walled, 2B4(B5) μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae 2-3(-4) μm wide. Spores globose to subglobose, brownish, warted to echinulate, 4-5.5 μm diam. T. griseo-umbrina complex [p. 86].

45

 

45a.

(44b) Basidia 12-15(-20) x 5-6 μm. Hymenial surface dull brown to brownish buff. Subicular hyphae brown, smooth. Associated with gymnosperms, more rarely angiosperms.
T. griseo-umbrina Litsch. apud Lundell & Nannf.
Ref.: Larsen, 1974; Svrček, 1960.

 

45b.

(44b) Basidia 25-35 x 5-6 μm. Hymenial surface ferrugineous, even. Subicular hyphae pale yellowish brown, sometimes encrusted.
T. subalpina M.J. Larsen
Ref.: Larsen, 1974.

 

 

46a.

(36) Spores globose, more rarely subglobose.

47

46b.

Spores subglobose to broadly ellipsoid, most spores elongated along one axis, sometimes flattened at one side. (cf. also T. sublilacina under 82a).

55

 

47a.

Walls of subicular hyphae swelling in 10% KOH.

 

 

 

Basidiome hypochnoid to tomentose or submembranaceous. Hymenial surface even, dark brown to purplish brown. Subiculum and margin concolorous or darker. Subicular hyphae brown, (2.5-)3-6(-8) μm wide, often wavy, becoming thick-walled. Subhymenial hyphae 4-6(-8) μm wide. Basidia 35-60 x 8-11(-13) μm. Spores globose to subglobose, strongly echinulate, brownish, (7-)8-9.5(-11.5) μm diam. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
T. stuposa (Link) Stalpers
Syn.: T. ruttneri Litsch.
Ref.: Larsen, 1969, 1974.

 

47b.

Hyphae not swelling in 10% KOH.

48

 

48a.

Spores globose, strongly echinulate, pale brown, (9-)10-12(-14) μm diam., aculei up to 3 μm long.

 

 

 

Basidiome byssoid to tomentose to membranaceous. Hymenial surface pale brown to dark reddish brown. Subiculum and margin concolorous or darker. Subicular hyphae thick-walled, tan to yellowish brown, (3.5-)4.5-8 μm wide, septa with or without clamps. Subhymenial hyphae thin- to thick-walled, 4-6 μm wide. Basidia 40-70 x (8.5-)10-12(-14) μm. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
T. bresadolae (Brinkm. in Bres.) Bourdot & Galzin
Syn.: T. fungicola (Litsch.) M.J. Larsen
Ref.: Larsen, 1969, 1974.

 

48b.

Spores at least on average smaller.

49

 

49a.

Subicular hyphae on average wider than 5 μm.

 

 

 

Basidiome byssoid to tomentose. Hymenial surface even. Subiculum darker than hymenial surface. Subicular hyphae brown, (3.5-)4-7(-8.5) μm wide, [p. 87] thin- to thick-walled, sometimes with swellings; septa with or without clamps. Subhymenial hyphae 4-6 μm wide, thin- to thick-walled, sometimes with yellow encrusting material. Basidia (35-)40-60 x 7-10(-12) μm. Spores globose to subglobose, rarely irregular, echinulate. T. bryophila complex.

50

49b.

Subicular hyphae up to 5 μm wide.

51

 

50a.

(49a) Hymenial surface fuligineous to fuscous or sepia. Some subhymenial hyphae, basidia and spores cyanescent in KOH due to the reaction of adhering material. Spores 7-9(-10) μm diam. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
T. ramosissima (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Wakef. 1960
Syn.: Hypochnus fuligineus Burt 1916
Ref.: Wakefield 1960, Larsen, 1968, 1974.
Note: T. indica Rattan differs only by much paler colours: hymenial surface light brown to snuff brown, subiculum light brown.

 

50b.

(49a) Hymenial surface ferrugineous brown to reddish orange. Subhymenial hyphae and basidia not cyanescent. Spores 7-11(-12) μm diam. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
T. bryophila (Pers.) M.J. Larsen
Syn.: Corticium fuscum Pers. [non Tomentella fusca (Pers.) J. Schroeter]; Zygodesmus fulvus Sacc.; Hypochnus obscuratus P. Karst.; Z. pallidofulvus Peck; Tomentella subferruginea Burt; T. pseudoferruginea Skovsted.
Ref.: Larsen, 1968, 1974; Svrček 1960; Wakefield 1960; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986.

 

 

51a.

Hyphal strands present and/or subicular hyphae spinulose.

52

51b.

Hyphal strands absent and subicular hyphae smooth.

54

 

52a.

Hymenial surface warted, rarely smooth, with greyish, bluish or olivaceous tinges.

 

 

 

Basidiome byssoid to tomentose to membranaceous. Hymenial surface brownish olive to cinnamon drab, granulose to warted. Subiculum and margin paler, often whitish or pale yellow. Hyphal strands up to 80 μm wide, individual hyphae 2.5-3.5 μm wide, rarely 6-8 μm and tortuous. Subicular hyphae nearly hyaline, thin- to slightly thick-walled, smooth, 5-3.5 μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae 2.5-4 μm wide. Basidia 40-55(-65) x 8-10 (-12) μm. Spores globose to subglobose, 7-10(-10.5) μm diam, warted to echinulate. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
T. asperula (P. Karst.) Höhn. & Litsch.
Syn.: Tomentella gibbosa Litsch.; T. griseocinnamomea Wakef.
Ref.: Larsen, 1970, 1974.

 

52b.

Hymenial surface smooth, brown to umber [p. 88].

53

 

53a.

Clamps rather rare. Subhymenial hyphae irregular, with swellings. Spores 8.5-11(-12.5) μm diam. Cf. T. litschaueri under 7a.

 

53b.

Clamps abundant. Subhymenial hyphae regular. Spores 8-9(-9.5) μm diam.

 

 

 

Basidiome byssoid to tomentose. Subiculum chocolate brown. Hyphal strands rare, up to 35 μm wide, individual hyphae encrusted, 1.5-3 μm wide. Subicular hyphae with thickened walls, some spinulose, 5-4.5(-5) μm wide, brownish. Subhymenial hyphae 5-6.5 μm wide. Basidia 35-50 x 8.5-11(-12) μm. Spores globose to subglobose, echinulate, 8-9(-9.5) μm diam. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
T. brevispina (Bourdot & Galzin) M.J. Larsen
Ref.: Larsen, 1974.

 

 

54a.

Hymenial surface ferrugineous brown. Spores (6-)6.5-8 μm diam. Basidia 40-60 x 8.5-11 μm. Cf. T. ferruginella under 38b.

 

54b.

Hymenial surface buff. Spores 7-9 μm diam. Basidia 22-30 x 7-8 μm.

 

 

 

Basidiome arachnoid to byssoid, very thin. Hymenial surface even. Subiculum concolorous or darker than hymenial surface. Subicular hyphae thin-walled, 2-3(-4) μm wide, some swollen at the septa. Subhymenial hyphae thin-walled, 2-3 μm wide. Spores globose, short echinulate, pale brown. Associated with angiosperms.
T. pellicularioides Wakef.
Ref.: Wakefield 1966; Larsen, 1974.

 

 

55a.

(46) Spores (6-)7-8.5(-9.5) x 6-8(-9) μm.

 

 

 

Basidiome byssoid to submembranaceous. Hymenial surface even to warted, yellowish brown to buff, brown or vinaceous to purplish brown. Hyphal strands often present, individual hyphae, 2-4(-6) μm wide. Subicular hyphae yellowish to brown, sometimes ampullate and swollen, walls slightly or sometimes distinctly thickened. Subhymenial hyphae hyaline to yellowish, thin-walled, 3-5(-6) μm wide, sometimes cyanescent in KOH. Basidia 25-45 x 6-12 μm, often cyanescent in KOH. Spores subglobose to broadly ellipsoid, rarely globose, echinulate. T. lapida complex.

56

55b.

Spores on average exceeding 9 μm in length.

58

 

56a.

(55a) Subiculum and margin yellowish, concolorous with or paler than hymenium.

 

 

 

Hymenial surface avellaneous or buff to vinaceous or purplish brown. Subhymenial hyphae sometimes irregular with swellings. Subhymenial hyphae and basidia often cyanescent in KOH. Hyphal strands up to 80 μm diam. Spores subglobose to broadly ellipsoid, sometimes reniform, 7-8.5(-9) x (5-)5.5-8 μm. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
T. ellisii (Sacc.) Jülich & Stalpers [p. 89]
Syn.: Zygodesmus ochraceous Sacc. [non Z. ochraceus Corda]; Z. nigrescens P. Karst.; Hypochnus microsporus P. Karst.; H. sparsus Burt; Tomentella porphyrea Petch; T. bilthoveniensis Bourdot apud Donk; T. livida Litsch.; T. hydrophila (Bourdot & Galzin) Litsch.; T. luteomarginata M.P. Christ.
Ref.: Larsen, 1968, 1974; Svrček, 1960.
Note: T. cladii Wakef. is probably only a thin form; the subiculum and margin is hardly developed and hyphal strands are lacking, which may be caused by the peculiar substratum ( Cladium).

 

56b.

Subiculum and margin not yellow, concolorous with or darker than hymenium.

57

 

57a.

(55a) Spores dark brown. Hymenial surface even to warted. Subicular hyphae smooth.

 

 

 

Hymenial surface dull brown, fresh with violaceous tinge. Hyphal strands up to 30 μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae 3-4 μm wide. Basidia 25-35 x 5-8 μm, some cyanescent in KOH. Spores 6-8(-9.5) x 5.5-7(-8) μm. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
T. pilatii Litsch.
Ref.: Larsen, 1974.

 

 57b.

(55a) Spores yellowish to pale brown. Hymenial surface even. Encrusted subicular hyphae usually numerous, often spinulose.

 

 

 

Basidiome effused, up to 1.5 mm thick, often encrusting lower parts of herbs and mosses. Hymenial surface greyish brown to dark brown to sepia. Hyphal strands rare, up to 30 μm wide, individual hyphae 3-6 μm wide. Subicular hyphae yellowish brown to golden brown, usually thick-walled, 5-8(-9) μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae 3.5-5(-6) μm wide, some cyanescent in KOH. Basidia 30-40 x 7-8.5 μm, some cyanescent in KOH. Spores (5.5-)6.5-8.5(-9) x (5-)5.5-8 μm. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
T. lapida (Pers.) Stalpers
Syn.: Zygodesmus violaceofuscus Sacc.; Z. trachychaetes Ellis & Everh.; Hypochnus spiniferus Burt; Tomentella pseudofusca Skovsted.
Ref.: Larsen, 1968, 1974; Stalpers, 1984.
Note: T. fragilis (Bourdot & Galzin) M.J. Larsen may also belongs here.

 

 

58a.

Clamps absent or very rare at the subicular hyphae.

 

 

 

Basidiome byssoid. Hymenial surface even, olivaceous brown. Subiculum darker than hymenial surface. Subicular hyphae brown, 3.5-5.5 μm wide, dark brown. Subhymenial hyphae 2.5-5.5 μm wide, with thickened walls. Vesicle-like structures (abortive basidia?) may be present in subhymenium, 11.5-21 x 7.5-10.5 μm. Basidia 23-30 x 7.5-10.5 μm. Spores subglobose to broadly ellipsoid, 9-10.5 x 7.8-9.1 μm.
T. vesiculosa Natarajan & Chandrashekara [p. 90]
Ref.: Natarajan & Chandrashekara, 1978.

 

58b.

Clamped septa not rare on subicular hyphae, although simple septa may also occur frequently.

59

 

59a.

Basidia 6-7(-8) μm wide. Subicular hyphae often irregular with swollen parts.

 

 

 

Basidiome byssoid to tomentose. Hymenial surface even, greyish brown. Subiculum concolorous with to darker than hymenial surface. Subicular hyphae yellowish brown to brown, thick-walled, 4-7 μm wide, swellings up to 9 μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae 3-5.5 μm wide. Basidia 40-60 long. Spores subglobose to broadly ellipsoid, rarely irregularly globose, echinulate, pale brown, 8-11 x 7.5-10 μm. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
T. kootenaiensis M.J. Larsen
Ref.: Larsen, 1975.

 

59b.

Basidia 8-14 μm wide. Subicular hyphae regular.

60

 

60a.

Hymenial surface olive brown to citrine yellow.

 

 

 

Basidiome tomentose to hypochnoid. Subiculum olive-brown to dull citrine. Subicular hyphae 2.5-4.5(-6) μm wide. Basidia 45-60 x 7.5-11(-15) μm wide, often ochraceous in KOH. Spores subglobose to broadly ellipsoid, 8-11(-12) x (6-)7-9 μm. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
T. viridescens (Bres. & Torrend apud Torrend) Bourdot & Galzin
Ref.: Larsen, 1974.

 

60b.

Hymenial surface yellowish brown, greyish brown or blackish brown.

 

 

 

Basidiome byssoid to tomentose. Subiculum concolorous with to darker than hymenial surface. Subicular hyphae yellowish brown to brown, thick-walled. Subhymenial hyphae 3-6(-7) μm wide.

61

 

61a.

Basidiome strictly resupinate, without spiculose excrescences. Spores subglobose to broadly ellipsoid, sometimes reniform, spines 0.5-1 μm long.

62

61b.

Basidiome with either spiculose excrescences or more or less abortive pilei. Spores globose to subglobose, not reniform, spines 1-2 μm long.

63

 

62a.

Hymenial surface papillose. Cf. Thelephora crustacea.

 

62b.

(60b) Hymenial surface even to punctate.

 

 

 

Hymenial surface dark yellowish brown to blackish brown. Subicular hyphae 3-5(-6) μm wide. Spores subglobose to broadly ellipsoid, sometimes reniform, (8-)9-11.5(-12.5) x 7-10(-11) μm. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
T. atramentaria Rostrup
Syn.: T. separabilis Donk; T. juncicola Svrček
Ref.: Larsen, 1974; Skovsted, 1950 [p. 91].

 

 

63a.

Basidia and subhymenium cyanescent in KOH. Cf. Thelephora atra.

 

63b.

Basidia and subhymenium not cyanescent in KOH. Cf. Thelephora spiculosa.

 

 

64a.

(35) Spores up to 6 μm diam., on average smaller.

65

64b.

Spores at least on average larger than 6 μm.

68

 

65a.

Hymenial surface white to ochraceous. Subicular hyphae hyaline to yellowish, with wart-like encrustations. Cf. Tylospora.

 

65b.

Hymenial surface distinctly coloured. Subicular hyphae smooth or encrusted (sometimes spinulose).

66

 

66a.

Subicular hyphae dark brown, with thickened and often encrusted walls, the larger ones 5-7 μm wide. Cf. T. neobourdotii under 43a.

 

66b.

Subicular hyphae yellowish to pale brown, not encrusted, up to 4.5(-5) μm wide.

67

 

67a.

Hymenial surface even, ferrugineous brown. Subicular hyphae yellowish to pale brown, thin-walled, not swelling in 10% KOH (but also not thick-walled), 2-3 μm wide.

 

 

 

Basidiome byssoid to submembranaceous; margin fimbriate. Hyphal strands up to 20 μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae hyaline, thin-walled, 2-3 μm wide. Basidia 25-35 x 5.5-6.5 μm. Spores hyaline to pale tan, irregular to typically lobed, warted, 5-6(-6.5) μm, warts often bifurcate.
T. aurantiaca Pat.
Ref.: Larsen, 1974.
Note: this species may be the coloured equivalent of Tylospora fibrillosa.

 

67b.

Hymenial surface granulose, buff-brown to drab-brown. Subicular hyphae hyaline to pale brown, thin- to thick-walled and then swelling in 10% KOH, 3.5-4.5(-5) μm.

 

 

 

Basidiome byssoid to submembranaceous; margin cottony. Hyphal strands up to 30 μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae hyaline, thin-walled, 3-4 μm wide, some with vesicle-like structures. Basidia 25-35 x 5.5-7 μm. Spores pale tan to brown, irregular to sometimes lobed, warted to echinulate, 5-6.5 x 4.5-5.5(-6) μm. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
T. subcinerascens Litsch.
Ref.: Larsen, 1974.

 

 

68a.

Spores at least on average smaller than 8 μm. Hymenial surface even, granulose or warted to papillose.

69

68b.

Spores at least on average larger than 8 μm. Hymenial surface even (except some resupinate Thelephora species) [p. 92].

79

 

69a.

Basidiome adherent, not continuous and pulverulent to submembranaceous. Hymenial surface bright reddish cinnamon to vinaceous brown. Hyphal strands absent or - when rarely present - up to 15 μm wide. Vesicles may be present in subhymenium, 14-20 μm diam.

 

 

 

Hymenial surface even to warted. Subiculum and margin paler than hymenial surface. Subicular hyphae hyaline to subhyaline, often with thickened walls, 2-5(-7) μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae 2-4-5) μm wide, often containing red granular material. Basidia 40-60(-80) x 5.5-7.5 μm, in water often with red granular material. Spores pale brown to hazel, irregular to lobed, echinulate, (5.5-)6-8(-9.5) μm diam. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
T. lateritia Pat. 1894
Syn.: T. subvinosa (Burt) Bourdot & Galzin 1924; Tomentella punicea auctt.
Ref.: Larsen, 1968, 1974.
Note: T. subvinosa is sometimes distinguished at the species level, differing from the reddish cinnamon T. lateritia by a vinaceous brown hymenial surface.

 

69b.

Basidiome not pulverulent, separable. Hymenial surface not bright reddish cinnamon. Hyphal strands usually present. Vesicles absent.

70

 

70a.

Spores 5-6.5(-7.5) μm in largest diameter. Cf. T. neobourdotii under 43a.

 

70b.

Spores (5.5-)6-8(-9) μm long.

71

 

71a.

Hyphal strands present.

 

 

 

Basidiome pellicular to byssoid to membranaceous. Hymenial surface yellowish, becoming greyish yellow and finally violaceous brown to blackish brown or bluish black or becoming reddish purple to sepia to dull brown or becoming yellowish green to green to bluish green, even to distinctly warted. Hyphal strands 20-80 μm wide. Subicular hyphae yellowish brown to brown, becoming thick-walled, (2-)3-5(-7.5) μm, sometimes encrusted. Subhymenial hyphae hyaline, thin-walled, sometimes minutely encrusted, 2.5-4(-5) μm. Basidia 35-50(-60) x (5-)6-9(-10) μm. Spores irregular to lobed, echinulate, (5.5-)6-8(-9) x 5.5-7.5 μm. Basidia and subhymenial hyphae often cyanescent in KOH. T. punicea complex.

72

 

 

Note: if the basidia are wider (40-60 x 10-12 μm), cf. T. radiosa under 81a; if the subicular hyphae are on average wider than 6 μm, cf. T. lapida under 57b, and if hyphal strands are absent, see also under 85.
Note: T. subcorticioides Rattan may also belong here. The description is ambiguous: hyphal strands are reported from the subiculum, but denied somewhat later and multiple clamps are reported together with abundant clamps at the subhymenial hyphae, a combination so far unknown in the Basidiomycetes. [p. 93].

 

71b.

Hyphal strands absent.

75

 

72a.

Hymenial surface yellowish to ferrugineous brown, but parts may be olive to greenish. Basidia sometimes ochraceous in KOH (or sometimes cyanescent, especially the greenish parts). Cf. also T. ferruginea under 37a, in case skeletal hyphae are rare.

73

72b.

Hymenial surface sepia to dull brown to blackish, but some parts may be pink or greenish. Basidia not ochraceous in KOH, often cyanescent.

74

 

73a.

(71a) Hymenial surface even to typically slightly warted, yellowish to pale green or blue-green.

 

 

 

Hyphal strands up to 30 μm wide. Subicular hyphae subhyaline to pale olive-brown, 3-4 μm wide, sometimes encrusted. Basidia 35-45 x 5-7 μm. Spores 6-7 μm diam. Associated with angiosperms.
T. bicolor (Atk. & Burt) Bourdot & Galzin
Ref.: Larsen, 1968, 1974.

 

 73b.

(71a) Hymenial surface even, ferrugineous brown or greenish or with greenish spots.

 

 

 

Hyphal strands up to 70 μm wide. Subicular hyphae brown, 2-6(-7) μm wide, sometimes encrusted to spinulose. Basidia 35-60 x (6-)7-9(-10) μm. Spores (6-)6.5-8.5(-9) μm diam. Associated with angiosperms, rarely with gymnosperms.
T. rubiginosa (Bres.) R. Maire
Syn.: Sporotrichum fuscum Link [non Tomentella fusca (Pers.) J. Schroeter], Tomentella subrubiginosa Litsch.
Ref.: Larsen, 1968, 1974.

 

 

74a.

(71a) Hymenial surface dark, becoming bluish black, brownish black, sometimes greyish blue. Associated with angiosperms, more rarely gymnosperms.
T. botryoides (Schw.) Bourdot & Galzin
Syn.: Zygodesmus bicolor Cooke & Ellis, Thelephora granosa Berk. & Curtis, Tomentella glandulifera Höhnel & Litsch.
Ref.: Larsen, 1968, 1974.

 

74b.

(71a) Hymenial surface purplish brown, sepia or dull brown. Associated with angiosperms, rarely gymnosperms.
T. punicea (Alb. & Schw. : Fr.) J. Schroeter in Cohn
Syn.: Hydnum epiphylum Schw.; Hypochnus elaeodes Bres.; Zygodesmus granulosus Peck; Z. atroruber Peck; Tomentella liasicola Bourdot & Galzin; T. griseoviolacea Litsch.
Ref.: Larsen, 1968, 1974.

 

 

75a.

(71) Hymenial surface buff, tan or wood-brown, sometimes with pinkish or pale green tinge [p. 77].

76

75b.

Hymenial surface with ferrugineous, greenish, bluish, dark brown, sepia or grey tinges (but dried sometimes buff!). Hymenial surface smooth, granulose or warted.

80

 

76a.

Hymenial surface warted.

 

 

 

Basidiome arachnoid, at first discontinuous. Hymenial surface isabelline to buff to pale ochraceous brown. Subiculum and margin paler. Hyphal strands often rare, brownish. Subicular hyphae 2.5-3.5 μm wide, with thickened walls. Subhymenial hyphae hyaline to pale tan, 3-3.5(-4) μm wide, thin-walled. Basidia 35-50 x 7.5-9(-9.5) μm. Spores irregular to lobed, subglobose to somewhat elongate in outline, 6.5-8(-8.5) μm, echinulate. Associated with angiosperms.
T. puberula Bourdot & Galzin
Ref.: Larsen, 1974.
Note: T. variecolor Malencon is probably identical. It differs in a more citrin to faintly green colour of the hymenial surface.

 

76b.

Hymenial surface even.

77

 

77a.

Hyphal strands present.

 

 

 

Basidiome pellicular to submembranaceous. Hymenial surface pale tan to buff to yellowish brown to greyish brown, even. Margin pinkish. Subiculum paler or concolorous with hymenial surface. Hyphal strands up to 40 μm wide, individual hyphae 2.5-4.5 μm wide. Subicular hyphae pale tan to pale brown, with thickened walls, 2.5-6.5 μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae 3-5 μm wide. Basidia 40-60 x 7-13(-14) μm. Spores pale tan to medium brown, subglobose to irregular, echinulate, 7-10(-11) μm diam.
T. rhodophaea Höhnel & Litsch.
Syn.: Hypochnus avellaneus Burt, T. testaceogilva Bourdot & Galzin, T. corticioides Wakef., T. kentuckiensis M.J.Larsen.
Ref.: Larsen, 1974; Svrček, 1960.
Note: T. himalayana Rattan also keys out here. It may differ in the strongly cyanescent hyphae and the hyphal strands, which are up to 90 μm wide.

 

77b.

Hyphal strands absent.

78

 

78a.

Basidia 60-80 x 10-15 μm, with a basal swelling up to 20 μm.

 

 

 

Basidiome tomentose to mealyBvelvety. Hymenial surface pale yellowish brown. Subiculum and margin paler. Subicular hyphae 3-4.5(-6) μm wide, brownish, with thickened walls. Subhymenial hyphae 3-5 μm wide. Spores irregularly globose to irregular, warted to echinulate, brown, 6-10(-11) μm diam. Associated with gymnosperms.
T. nitellina Bourdot & Galzin
Ref.: Larsen, 1968, 1974. [p. 95].

 

78b.

Basidia 40-60 x 7-10 μm, clavate.

 

 

 

Basidiome hypochnoid to tomentose. Hymenial surface even, dull buff-brown, subiculum paler, margin nearly white. Subicular hyphae hyaline, thick-walled, 4.5-6.5 μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae 3-4.5 μm wide. Basidia 40-60 x 7-10 μm. Spores irregular to lobed, echinulate, brown, 8.5-10.5 μm diam. Associated with gymnosperms.
T. carbonaria M.J.Larsen
Ref.: Larsen, 1975.

 

 

79a.

(68) Spores elongate in outline.

80

79b.

Spores globose to subglobose in outline

85

 

80a.

(75, 79) Spores up to 9.5 μm long, on average up to 8.5 μm.

 

 

 

Basidiome tomentose to submembranaceous or nearly spongy. Hymenial surface even to minutely punctate, vinaceous brown, purplish brown, chestnut-brown or umber when fresh, (much) paler when dry. Margin paler to whitish. Hyphal strands often present, but sometimes scarce or absent, individual hyphae 3-4(-5) μm wide. Subicular hyphae brown, thick-walled, (2.5-)3-6(-8) μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae 3-5(-6) μm wide. Basidia 30-60 x 7-12 μm. Spores (7-)7.5-9.5(-11) μm. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms. T. sublilacina complex.

81

 

 

Note: when the colour has an olivaceous tinge, cf. T. atro-arenicolor under 16b; the hyphoid cystidia are easily overlooked.

 

80b.

Spores at least 8 μm long, on average more than 9.5 μm.

83

 

81a.

(80a) Subicular and subhymenial hyphae regular.
T. radiosa (Bourdot & Galzin) Rick
Syn.: T. albomarginata (Bourdot & Galzin) M.P. Christ.
Ref.: Larsen, 1974.

 

81b.

Subicular hyphae and/or subhymenial hyphae with swellings, torulose, subhymenial cells sometimes palisade-like.

82

 

82a.

(80a) Hyphal strands absent.
T. sublilacina (Ellis & Holway apud Arthur & al.) Wakef.
Syn.: Tomentella castanea (Bourdot & Galzin) Donk; T. pseudopannosa Wakef.
Ref.: Svrček 1960, Larsen, 1968, 1974.

 

82b.

(80a) Hyphal strands present.
T. purpurea Svrček
Ref.: Svrček 1960, Larsen, 1974.

 

 

83a.

Hyphal strands present.

84

83b.

Hyphal strands absent [p. 95].

85

 

84a.

Clamps absent or rare on subicular hyphae.

 

 

 

Basidiome tomentose, up to 0.7 mm thick, sometimes encrusting standing plants. Hymenial surface even, pale to medium chocolate brown. Hyphal strands up to 15 μm wide. Subicular hyphae 3-5.5 μm wide, thick-walled. Subhymenial hyphae brownish, 3.5-4.5 μm wide, most septa with clamps. Basidia 40-60 x 9-11 μm. Spores yellowish to brown, echinulate, 9-10(-10.5) x 8-9 μm. Associated with angiosperms.
T. cinereo-umbrina (Bres.) Stalpers
Ref.: Larsen, 1981.

 

84b.

Clamps present at most septa of subicular hyphae. Resupinate form of Thelephora terrestris.

 

 

85a.

Spores warted to short-echinulate. Hyphae up to 8(-10) μm wide, not inflated. Cf. Thelephora crassitexta.

 

85b.

Spores echinulate. Hyphae up to 5 μm wide. Cf. Thelephora investiens.

 

 

86a.

Basidia very large, 60-90 x 9-14 μm, often with a basal swelling up to 20 μm diam. Spores small, (5.5-)6-7(-8.5) x (5-)5.5-7 μm.

 

 

 

Basidiome submembranaceous, adnate. Hymenial surface even, dark brown to bistre, often with vinaceous tinge; subiculum and margin somewhat paler. Hyphal strands up to 50 μm wide, individual hyphae 2-4.5 μm wide. Subicular hyphae yellowish brown, 2.5-4(-5) μm wide, with thickened walls. Subhymenial hyphae 3-5 μm wide. Hyphidia often tan to yellowish brown, irregularly globose to subglobose, warted to echinulate 6-7(-8.5) μm diam. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
T. terrestris (Berk. & Broome) M.J. Larsen, 1974
Syn.: Tomentella umbrinella Bourdot & Galzin 1924; T. badiofusca Bourdot & Galzin 1924.
Ref.: Larsen, 1968, 1974; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986.

 

86b.

Basidia smaller, 30-60 x 6-11 μm. Spores larger, 7-10(-12) μm.

87

 

87a.

Hymenial surface ferrugineous, purplish brown or dark brown.

88

87b.

Hymenial surface greyish, blue grey, green or olivaceous.

89

 

88a.

Spores strongly echinulate, 7-9(-11) x 7-9(-10) μm, spines up to 2.5 μm long. Hymenial surface even. Hyphal strands absent.

 

 

 

Basidiome arachnoid to membranaceous, up to 1 mm thick. Hymenial surface ferrugineous to dark brown. Subiculum dark brown, fibrous. Subicular hyphae 4-6.5(-8) μm wide, thick-walled. Subhymenial hyphae brownish, 4-6 μm wide, often with thickened walls. Basidia 30-45 x 8-11 μm, sterigmata up to 12 μm long. Spores yellowish to brown. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
T. fuscoferruginosa (Bres.) Litsch. [p. 97]
Ref.: Larsen, 1974.

 

88b.

Spores short-echinulate, 7-8(-10) μm, spines up to 1 μm long, ornamentation sometimes bifurcate. Hymenial surface becoming warted to nearly hydnoid. Hyphal strands present.

 

 

 

Basidiome hypochnoid to submembranaceous, up to 0.3 mm thick. Hymenial surface purplish brown to fuscous brown. Margin fibrillose, brown. Hyphae of strands 2.5-4.5 μm wide. Subicular hyphae brown, 4-7 μm wide, often encrusted with granular material. Subhymenial hyphae 3-4(-6) μm wide. Basidia 40-55 x 6.5-8 μm, sterigmata up to 7 μm long. Spores pale brown. Associated with angiosperms.
T. italica (Sacc.) M.J.Larsen
Ref.: Larsen, 1968, 1974.

 

 

89a.

Basidiome separable. Some spores strongly echinulate, spines up to 2(-2.5) μm long. Hymenial surface bright green to olive-brown.

 

 

 

Basidiome hypochnoid to tomentose, up to 1 mm thick. Hymenial surface even to warted. Margin paler than hymenial surface, subiculum brownish. Subicular hyphae brownish, often with torulose ampullate and/or swollen cells. Subhymenial hyphae 3.5B4 μm wide. Basidia 35-40 x 7-9 μm. Spores irregularly globose to lobed, pale yellow to hyaline, 7-8.5(-9) μm diam. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms.
T. olivascens (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Bourdot & Galzin
Ref.: Larsen, 1968, 1974.

 

89b.

Basidiome adherent. Spores echinulate, spines up to 1(-1.5) μm long. Hymenial surface not bright green, but sometimes with olivaceous tinges.

 

 

 

Basidiome floccose to submembranaceous, 0.2-0.5 mm thick. Hymenial surface even to granulose to warted, greyish, greyish brown, sometimes with yellowish or olivaceous tinges, becoming pinkish buff to buff. Subiculum and margin paler than hymenial surface. Subicular hyphae subhyaline to dull brown, with slightly to distinctly thickened walls, (2-)2.5-4(-5) μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae (2-)2.5-4(-5) μm wide, sometimes with adhering crystalline material. Basidia 30-60 x (6-)7-8.5(-9) μm. Subhymenial hyphae and basidia sometimes cyanescent in KOH. Spores irregular to lobed, echinulate, pale brown, (6-)7-8.5(-9) μm diam. Associated with gymnosperms and angiosperms. T. coerulea complex.

90

 

90a.

(89b) Subicular and subhymenial hyphae regular.
T. coerulea (Bres.) Höhnel & Litsch.
Syn.: Tomentella papillata Höhnel & Litsch.; Hypochnus cervinus Burt; T. ochraceo-olivacea Litsch.; T. scobinella G.H. Cunn.; T. fatrensis Svrček; T. sordida Wakef.; ? T. angulospora M.J. Larsen
Ref.: Cunningham, 1963; Larsen, 1968, 1974. [p. 98].

 

90b.

(89b) Subicular and subhymenial hyphae with irregular swellings, up to 9 μm wide.
T. epigaea (Burt) M.J. Larsen
Ref.: Larsen, 1965, 1974.

 

 
Tomentellago Hjortstam & Ryvarden 1988

Basiodiocarp annual, resupinate, submembranaceous. Hymenial surface irpicoid to irregularly poroid, ochraceous to blue-green. Hyphal system monomitic. Hyphae with thin to thickened walls, hyaline, without clamps. Sterile hymenial elements absent. Basidia clavate to clavateBcylindrical, often somewhat constricted and narrowed towards the base, with 2B4 sterigmata. Spores subglobose to broadly ellipsoid, hyaline warted, thin-walled, becoming blue in bases (also in Melzer's).
Substratum: saprophytic on decayed wood.

Type species: Tomentellago aeruginascens Hjortstam & Ryv.

References: Hjortstam & Ryvarden, 1988.

Basidiome resupinate. Hymenophore irpicoid to poroid, bluish green to green when dry. Subicular hyphae hyaline, thin- to moderately thick-walled, 3-5 μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae thin-walled, 3-5 μm wide. Clamps absent. Basidia 20-30 x 5-6 μm. Spores hyaline to pale yellowish, subglobose to broadly ellipsoid, densely warted, 5.5-7 x 4.5-5.5 μm. Warts sometimes concrescent in pairs. Hyphae and spores cyanescent.
T. aeruginascensHjortstam & Ryv.
Ref.: Hjortstam & Ryvarden, 1988.

 
Tomentellopsis Hjortstam, 1970

Syn.: Byssocristella M.P. Christ. & Bregnhoj Larsen, 1970.

Basiodiocarp annual, resupinate, effused, hypochnoid, pellicular or submembranaceous, separable. Hymenial surface discontinuous to continuous, often pulverulent, even, cream-coloured, yellowish, green or brownish. Subiculum loose, arachnoid. Hyphal strands may be present. Spore-print white to cream-coloured.
Hyphal system typically monomitic. Hyphae thin-walled, hyaline to brownish, branching at right angles, without clamps or with a few at the basal hyphae. Sterile hymenial elements absent. Basidia clavate to subcylindrical, often somewhat [p. 99] constricted, with 4 sterigmata. Spores globose to ellipsoid, hyaline to pale brown, warted to strongly echinulate, thin-walled, not amyloid.
Substratum: saprophytic on decayed wood of angiosperms and gymnosperms, rarely on soil; may also form ectomycorrhiza.

Type species: Corticium echinosporum Ellis

References: Hjortstam, 1970, 1974; Jülich & Stalpers, 1980.

1a.

Spores globose to rarely subglobose.

 

 

 

Basidiome hypochnoid to pellicular, sometimes submembranaceous. Hyphal strands rare. Hyphae 2.5-5 μm wide, hyaline to subhyaline, the subicular ones with an occasional clamp.T. echinospora complex

2

1b.

Spores subglobose to ellipsoid.T. zygodesmoides complex

3

 

2a.

(1a) Hymenial surface cream-coloured, yellowish or yellowish green to pinkish.

 

 

 

Spores 5-6(-7) μm diam., echinulate, spines up to 1 μm long. Associated with angiosperms and gymnosperms.
T. echinospora (Ellis) Hjortstam
Syn.:Tomentella incarnata P. Henn.;Hypochnus pennsylvanicus Overh.
Ref.: Hjortstam, 1970; Larsen, 1968; Svrček, 1960; Breitenbach & Kränzlin, 1986.

 

2b.

(1a) Hymenial surface brownish.

 

 

 

Spores 4-5 μm diam, echinulate, spines up to 1 μm long. Associated with angiosperms.
T. pusilla Hjortstam
Ref.: Hjortstam, 1974.

 

 

3a.

Hymenial surface lemon-yellow to green.

 

 

 

Basidiome arachnoid to pellicular. Subicular hyphae 3-6 μm wide, the widest ones with an occasional clamp. Basidia 16-30 x 5-7 μm. Spores ellipsoid, warted to echinulate, (5.7-)6-7.2 x (3.5-)4-5 μm, spines up to 0.5 μm long. Associated with angiosperms.
T. bresadoliana (Sacc. & Trotter) Jülich & Stalpers
Syn.:Corticium viride Bres. in Höhnel & Litsch. [nonC. viride Berk. in Hooker 1855];Athelia viridis Parm.;Byssocristella pallido-citrina M.P. Christ.
Ref.: Höhnel & Litschauer, 1907; Christiansen & Bregnh˘j Larsen, 1970; Jülich, 1971.

 

3b.

Hymenial surface yellowish brown to brown or grey [p. 100]

4

 

4a.

Spores echinulate, spines 1-2(-2.5) μm long. Subiculum and margin brown.

 

 

 

Basidiome pellicular to submembranaceous. Hymenial surface cream-coloured to brownish. Hyphae yellowish to pale brown, 3-6 μm wide. Basidia 25-45 x 6-9 μm. Spores hyaline to pale yellow, subglobose to broadly ellipsoid, (4-)5-7.5 x 4.5-6 μm. Associated with angiosperms and gymnosperms.
T. zygodesmoides (Ellis) Hjortstam
Syn.:Hypochnus tabacinus Bres. in Brinkmann.
Ref.: Hjortstam, 1974; Svrček, 1960; Wakefield, 1969.

 

4b.

Spores echinulate, spines 0.5-1 μm long. Subiculum and margin whitish.

 

 

 

Basidiome pellicular to membranaceous. Hymenial surface cream-coloured to pinkish, sometimes with red spots. Hyphae hyaline, 3-5 μm wide. Basidia 30-40 x 5-7 μm. Spores hyaline or somewhat pinkish, globose to broadly ellipsoid, 5.5-7 μm diam. Associated with angiosperms, more rarely gymnosperms.
T. submollis (Svrček) Hjortstam
Ref.: Svrček, 1960; Wakefield, 1969; Hjortstam 1970.
Note: Hjortstam (1970) mentioned a specimen as type that had been identified by Svrček as a different form, f.immaculata Donk. Hence this cannot be accepted as type ofPseudotomentella submollis Svrček.
Note:Botryohypochnus verrucisporus Burdsall & Gilbertson (1982) also keys out here. It may differ by more thick-walled spores (up to 1 μm). A pale grey hymenial surface is not exceptional in this complex.

 

 
Tylospora Donk

Syn.: Tylosperma Donk ILL [non Tylosperma Botsch]

Basidiome annual, resupinate, pellicular to membranaceous, separable. Hymenial surface even, white to cream-coloured. Hyphal strands often present. Hyphal system monomitic. Spore-print whitish to cream-coloured.
Subicular hyphae hyaline to pale yellowish, thin- to somewhat thick-walled, often with wart-like incrustations. Subhymenial hyphae hyaline, thin-walled, mostly smooth. Clamps present on all primary septa. Cystidia and gloeocystidia lacking. Basidia hyaline, narrowly clavate, with (2-)4 sterigmata and a basal clamp. Spores hyaline, lobed, triangular in side view, smooth or warted, thin-walled, not amyloid. No part of basidiome cyanescent.
Substratum: ectomycorrhizal, on wood of gymnosperms and angiosperms, plant debris and soil.

Type species: Corticium trigonospermum Bres. [p. 101
References: Christiansen, 1960; Hjortstam & al., 1988.

1a.

Spores strongly and regularly lobed, triangular in view, smooth, 4.5-6 x 4-5 μm.

 

 

 

Subicular hyphae 3-4.5(-5) μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae 2.5-3.5(-4) μm wide. Basidia 15-25 x 4-6 μm.
T. asterophora (Bon.) Donk
Syn.:Corticium trigonospermum Bres.
Ref.: Höhnel & Litschauer, 1908; Jülich, 1972; Hjortstamet al., 1988.

 

1b.

Spores strongly lobed, warted, 5-6(-6.5) x 4.5-6 μm, warts often bifurcate.

 

 

 

Subicular hyphae 3-5 μm wide. Subhymenial hyphae 2.5-3.5(-4) μm wide. Basidia 15-25 x 4.5-6 μm.
T. fibrillosa (Burt) Donk
Ref.: Jülich, 1972; Hjortstamet al., 1988 [p. 102].

 

 

Nomenclator to the species described in the Thelephorales

This list contains the names of species published in genera here considered to belong to the Thelephorales (including its synonyms, except Odontia, which will be listed on a later occasion, but including Zygodesmus, which is de facto not a synonym). It is directly derived from the CBS database of the Aphyllophorales. This database is still in statu nascendi, meaning that part of the literature has not yet been included and also that much checking is still necessary. Nevertheless it already seems to be more complete than any published list; moreover the rules of nomenclature have changed considerably in the last decennia, making older lists, in which pre-1821 literature often has been neglected, less reliable.
     The list is ordered alphabetically on genus, epithet, year of publication. It contains the name, authors, year and place of publication, status of the name (INV, = invalid, ILL = validly published, but illegitimate, VP = validly published and legitimate)', and sometimes a taxonomical or nomenclatural remark and in case of a combination, by its basionym. After that, the currently accepted taxonomic position (name of genus or sometimes genera), in case of synonym proceded by the basionym of that synonym; finally some suggestions for its taxonomic position have sometimes been made. The qualification 'nomen dubium' is applied only when either literature data or research data motivated it; when for old and obviously forgotten names only the original diagnosis was available without more recent data on the type material, no qualification has been given at all. Of course this only reflects my knowledge, not the actual data in the literature.

Alytosporium badium (Link) Steudel, 1824, Nomencl. bot.: 54, VP; bas.: Sporotrichum badium Link, current genus: Tomentella.
Alytosporium croceum (Kunze) Link, 1824, Linn. Sp. Pl. 6: 24, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Sporotrichum croceum Kunze in Kunze & Schmidt.
Alytosporium fulvum (Link) Link, 1824, Linn. Sp. Pl. 6: 24, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Sporotrichum fulvum Link.
Alytosporium fuscum (Link) Link, 1824, Linn. Sp. Pl. 6: 25, VP; bas.: Sporotrichum fuscum Link; syn. of: Hypochnus rubiginosus Bresadola, current genus: Tomentella.
Alytosporium griseoflavum (Link) Steudel, 1824, Nomencl. bot.: 54, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Sporotrichum griseoflavum Link.
Alytosporium jubatum (Link) Steudel, 1824, Nomencl. bot.: 55, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Sporotrichum jubatum Link.
Alytosporium molle (Link) Steudel, 1824, Nomencl. bot.: 55, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Sporotrichum molle Link.
Alytosporium murinum (Link: Fr.) Steudel, 1824, Nomencl. bot.: 55, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Sporotrichum murinum Link: Fr.
Alytosporium muscorum (Link) Steudel, 1824, Nomencl. bot.: 55, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Sporotrichum muscorum Link.
Alytosporium nigrum (Link) Steudel, 1824, Nomencl. bot.: 55, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Dematium nigrum Link, type contains sterile mycelium only.
Alytosporium psittacinum (Link) Steudel, 1824, Nomencl. bot.: 55, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Sporotrichum psittacinum Link. [p. 103]
Alytosporium roseum (Link: Fr.) Steudel, 1824, Nomencl. bot.: 55, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Sporotrichum roseum Link: Fr.
Alytosporium stuposum (Link) Steudel, 1824, Nomencl. bot.: 55, VP; bas.: Sporotrichum stuposum Link, current genus: Tomentella.
Amaurodon viridis (Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr.) J.Schroeter in Cohn, 1888, Krypt.‑Fl. Schlesien 3(1): 461, VP; bas.: Sistotrema viride Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr.; syn. of: Hypochnus chlorinus Massee, current genus: Tomentella.
Bankera carnosa (Banker) Snell, Dick & Taussig, 1956, Lloydia 19: 174, VP; bas.: Phellodon carnosus Banker; syn. of: Hydnum violascens Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr., current genus: Bankera.
Bankera cinerea (Bulliard: Fr.) Rauschert, 1988, Hausknechtia 4: 51, VP; bas.: Hydnum cinereum Bulliard: Fr., nomen confusum and/or nomen dubium; the interpretation of Fries 1821 is different from that of Fries 1828.
Bankera fuligineo‑alba (Schmidt: Fr.) Coker & Beers, 1951, Stipitate Hydnums of eastern U.S.: 34, INV; bas.: Hydnum fuligineo‑album Schmidt: Fr. in Kunze & Schmidt, current genus: Bankera.
Bankera fuligineo‑alba (Schmidt: Fr.) Coker & Beers ex Pouzar, 1955, Ceská Mykol. 9: 96, VP; bas.: Hydnum fuligineo‑album Schmidt: Fr. in Kunze & Schmidt, current genus: Bankera.
Bankera infundibulum (Swartz: Fr.) Pouzar, 1955, Ceská Mykol. 9: 96, VP; bas.: Hydnum infundibulum Swartz: Fr.; syn. of: Hydnum imbricatum Linnaeus: Fr., current genus: Sarcodon.
Bankera mollis (P.Karsten) Maas Geesteranus, 1960, Persoonia 1: 369, VP; bas.: Tyrodon mollis P.Karsten; syn. of: Hydnum violascens Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr., current genus: Bankera.
Bankera violascens (Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr.) Pouzar, 1955, Ceská Mykol. 9: 96, VP; bas.: Hydnum violascens Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr., current genus: Bankera.
Boletopsis atrata Ryvarden in Hjortstam & Ryvarden, 1982, Nordic J. Bot. 2: 278, VP, current genus: Boletopsis.
Boletopsis bresadolae (Quélet) P.Hennings in Engler & Prantl, 1900, Nat. PflanzFam. I, 1: 195, VP; bas.: Boletus bresadolae Quélet in Bresadola.
Boletopsis cavipes (Opatovski) P.Hennings in Engler & Prantl, 1900, Nat. PflanzFam. I, 1: 195, VP; bas.: Boletus cavipes Opatovski, current genus: Boletinus.
Boletopsis corrugatus Patouillard & Baker, J. Straits Branch R. Asiatic Soc. 78: 68, VP; cf. Suillus.
Boletopsis elegans (Schumacher) P.Hennings in Engler & Prantl, 1900, Nat. PflanzFam. I, 1: 195, VP; bas.: Boletus elegans Schumacher, current genus: Suillus ; currently known as Suillus grevillei (Klotzsch) Singer
Boletopsis flava (Withering) P.Hennings in Engler & Prantl, 1900, Nat. PflanzFam. I, 1: 195, VP; bas.: Boletus flavus Withering, current genus: Suillus, syn. of Boletus luteus fide Fries (Syst. mycol. 1: 386).
Boletopsis flavidus (Fries: Fr.) P.Hennings in Engler & Prantl, 1900, Nat. PflanzFam. I, 1: 195, VP; bas.: Boletus flavidus Fries: Fr., current genus: Suillus.
Boletopsis fulvescens Smotlacha, 1912, Sber. K. böhm. Ges. Wiss. 1911: 40, VP.
Boletopsis grisea (Peck) Bondartsev & Singer, 1941, Annls mycol. 39: 47, VP; bas.: Polyporus griseus Peck, current genus: Boletopsis.
Boletopsis icterinus Patouillard & Baker, J. Straits Branch R. Asiatic Soc. 78: 68, VP; cf. Suillus. [p. 104
Boletopsis larigna (Britzelmayr) Singer, 1922, Z. Pilzk. 1: 64, VP; bas.: Boletus larignus Britzelmayr.
Boletopsis leucomelaena (Persoon) Fayod, 1889, Malpighia 3: 72, VP; bas.: Boletus leucomelas Persoon, current genus: Boletopsis.
Boletopsis lutea (Linnaeus: Fr.) P.Hennings in Engler & Prantl, 1900, Nat. PflanzFam. I, 1: 195, VP; bas.: Boletus luteus Linnaeus: Fr., current genus: Suillus.
Boletopsis pulchella (Fries) P.Hennings in Engler & Prantl, 1900, Nat. PflanzFam. I, 1: 195, VP; bas.: Boletus pulchellus Fries, current genus: Suillus.
Boletopsis rufa (Schaeffer) P.Hennings in Engler & Prantl, 1900, Nat. PflanzFam. I, 1: 194, VP; bas.: Boletus rufus Schaeffer; syn. of: Boletus aurantiacus Bulliard, current genus: Leccinum.
Boletopsis serotina (Frost) P.Hennings in Engler & Prantl, 1900, Nat. PflanzFam. I, 1: 195, VP; bas.: Boletus serotinus Frost.
Boletopsis singaporensis Patouillard & Baker, J. Straits Branch R. Asiatic Soc. 78: 69, VP; cf. Suillus.
Boletopsis smithii K.A.Harrison, 1975, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 51: 119, VP, current genus: Boletopsis.
Boletopsis sordida (Schwalb) Beck, 1923, Z. Pilzk. 2: 148, VP; bas.: Boletus sordidus Schwalb.
Boletopsis squalida (Fries) Beck, 1923, Z. Pilzk. 2: 148, VP; bas.: Boletus squalidus Fries, based on Secretan no. 4 excl. syn.; syn. of: Boletus variegatus Swartz: Fr., current genus: Suillus.
Boletopsis staudtii P.Hennings, 1897, Bot. Jb. 22 or 23, VP.
Boletopsis subcitrina Corner, 1989, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 96: 17, VP, current genus: Boletopsis.
Boletopsis submoricolor (Frost) P.Hennings in Engler & Prantl, 1900, Nat. PflanzFam. I, 1: 195, VP; bas.: Boletus submoricolor Frost.
Boletopsis subsquamosa (Linnaeus: Fr.) Kotlaba & Pouzar, 1957, Ceská Mykol. 11: 164, VP; bas.: Boletus subsquamosus Linnaeus: Fr.; syn. of: Boletus ovinus Schaeffer: Fr., current genus: Albatrellus.
Boletopsis tridentina (Bresadola) P.Hennings in Engler & Prantl, 1900, Nat. PflanzFam. I, 1: 195, VP; bas.: Boletus tridentinus Bresadola, current genus: Suillus.
Boletopsis viscida (Linnaeus) P.Hennings in Engler & Prantl, 1900, Nat. PflanzFam. I, 1: 195, VP.
Botryohypochnus alutaceus (Boidin) Jülich, 1979, Persoonia 10: 334, VP; bas.: Botryobasidium alutaceum Boidin, current genus: Botryobasidium.
Botryohypochnus anomalus Hjortstam, 1983, Mycotaxon 17: 562, VP, current genus: Botryohypochnus or Tomentella.
Botryohypochnus biapiculatum (D.P.Rogers) Parmasto, 1965, Eesti NSV Tead. Akad. Toim., Biol., 14: 221, VP; bas.: Pellicularia biapiculata D.P.Rogers in Martin.
Botryohypochnus bisporus Boidin & Gilles, 1986, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 102: 307, VP, current genus: Botryohypochnus.
Botryohypochnus bondarcevii Parmasto, 1965, Eesti NSV Tead. Akad. Toim., Biol., 14: 221, VP, current genus: Botryohypochnus.
Botryohypochnus chordulatus (D.P.Rogers) Burdsall & Nakasone, 1981, Mycologia 73: 457, VP; bas.: Pellicularia chordulata D.P.Rogers, current genus: Lindtneriomyces.
Botryohypochnus hebelomatisporus Boidin & Gilles, 1982, Mycotaxon 14: 287, VP, current genus: Botryobasidium.
Botryohypochnus verrucisporus Burdsall & Gilbertson, 1982, Mycotaxon 15: 334, VP, cf. Tomentellopsis or Trechispora.
Byssocristella bresadoliana (Saccardo & Trotter) Jülich, 1973, Willdenowia 7: 6, VP; bas.: Corticium bresadolianum Saccardo & Trotter, current genus: Tomentellopsis.
Byssocristella pallidocitrina M.P.Christiansen & Bregnhoj Larsen, 1970, Friesia 9: 313, VP; syn. of: Corticium bresadolianum Saccardo & Trotter, current genus: Tomentellopsis.
Caldesiella calcicola (Bourdot & Galzin) M.P.Christiansen, 1960, Dansk bot. Ark. 19: 303, VP; bas.: Caldesiella ferruginosa var. calcicola Bourdot & Galzin, current genus: Tomentella.
Caldesiella crinalis (Fries) Bourdot & Galzin in Rea, 1922, British Basidiomycetes: 651, VP; bas.: Hydnum crinale Fries, current genus: Tomentella.
Caldesiella duemmeri Wakefield, 1916, Bull. misc. Inf. R. bot. Gdns Kew 3: 73, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Caldesiella ferruginosa (Fries) Saccardo, 1881, Michelia 2: 303, VP; bas. Hydnum ferruginosum Fries, nom. nov. for Hydnum ferrugineum (Persoon) Persoon non ~ Fries; syn. of Hydnum crinale Fries, current genus: Tomentella. [p. 105]
Caldesiella flavescens Rick, 1932, Egatea 17: 9, VP.
Caldesiella fragilissima (Berkeley & Curtis) A.Trotter, 1972, Syll. Fung. 26: 663, VP; bas.: Hydnum fragilissimum Berkeley & Curtis, syn. of Hydnum chrysorhizon Torrey, current genus: Phanerochaete.
Caldesiella italica Saccardo, 1877, Michelia 1: 7, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Caldesiella merulioides Beeli, 1930, Bull. Soc. r. Bot. Belg. 62: 128, VP.
Caldesiella pallida Rick, 1940, Annls mycol. 38: 58, VP.
Caldesiella sajanensis Pilát, 1936, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 52: 329, VP.
Caldesiella saltuaria Teng, 1947, Bull. Bot. Akad. Sin. 1: 29, VP.
Caldesiella tabacina (Ellis & Cooke) Patouillard, 1900, Essai tax. Hym.: 120, VP; bas.: Grandinia tabacina Ellis & Cooke.
Caldesiella vaga (Fries: Fr.) Patouillard, 1900, Essai tax. Hym.: 120, VP; bas.: Phlebia vaga Fries: Fr., current genus: Phlebiella.
Caldesiella viridis (Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr.) Patouillard, 1900, Essai tax. Hym.: 120, VP; bas.: Sistotrema viride Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr.; syn. of: Hypochnus chlorinus Massee, current genus: Tomentella.
Calodon alboniger (Peck) Seeler, 1942, Rhodora 44: 168, VP, combination also proposed by S. Ito 1955, Mycological Flora of Japan 2(4): 181; bas.: Hydnum albonigrum Peck; syn. of: Hydnum nigrum Fries: Fr., current genus: Phellodon.
Calodon amicus (Quélet) Quélet, 1884, C. r. Ass. fr. Avanc. Sci. 12: 504, VP; bas.: Hydnum amicum Quélet; syn. of: Hydnum confluens Persoon, current genus: Phellodon.
Calodon aurantiacus (Batsch: Fr.) P.Karsten, 1881, Revue mycol., Toulouse 3(9): 20, VP; bas.: Hydnum suberosum var. aurantiacum Batsch: Fr., current genus: Hydnellum.
Calodon caeruleus (Hornemann) P.Karsten, 1882, Bidr. Känn. Finl. Nat. Folk 37: 106, VP; bas.: Hydnum caeruleum Hornemann, current genus: Hydnellum.
Calodon compactus (Persoon: Fr.) P.Karsten, 1882, Bidr. Känn. Finl. Nat. Folk 37: 107, VP; bas.: Hydnum compactum Persoon: Fr.; syn. of: Hydnum mirabile Fries, current genus: Hydnellum.
Calodon cyaneotinctus (Peck) Snell, 1945, Mycologia 37: 51, VP; bas.: Hydnum cyaneotinctum Peck; syn. of: Hydnum caeruleum Hornemann, current genus: Hydnellum.
Calodon cyathiformis (Schaeffer: Fr.) Quélet, 1886, Enchir. Fung.: 191, VP; bas.: Hydnum cyathiforme Schaeffer: Fr.; syn. of: Hydnum tomentosum Linnaeus: Fr., current genus: Phellodon.
Calodon diabolus (Banker) Snell in Snell, Dick, Jackson & Taussig, 1956, Lloydia 19: 166, VP; bas.: Hydnellum diabolus Banker, current genus: Hydnellum.
Calodon ferrugineus (Fries: Fr.) P.Karsten, 1881, Revue mycol., Toulouse 3(9): 20, VP; bas.: Hydnum ferrugineum Fries: Fr., current genus: Hydnellum.
Calodon ferrugipes (Coker) Snell, 1945, Mycologia 37: 48, VP; bas.: Hydnellum ferrugipes Coker; syn. of: Hydnum caeruleum Hornemann, current genus: Hydnellum.
Calodon floriformis (Schaeffer) Quélet, 1886, Enchir. Fung.: 190, VP; bas.: Hydnum floriforme Schaeffer.
Calodon geogenius (Fries) P.Karsten, 1881, Revue mycol., Toulouse 3(9): 20, VP; bas.: Hydnum geogenium Fries, current genus: Hydnellum.
Calodon gracilipes (P.Karsten) P.Karsten, 1881, Revue mycol., Toulouse 3(9): 20, VP; bas.: Hydnum gracilipes P.Karsten, current genus: Hydnellum.
Calodon graveolens (Persoon) Quélet, 1886, Enchir. Fung.: 191, VP; bas.: Hydnum graveolens Persoon; syn. of: Hydnum melaleucum Swartz: Fr. in Fries, current genus: Phellodon.
Calodon hybridus (Bulliard) Lindau, 1911, Krypt.Fl. Anfänger 1: 44, VP; bas.: Hydnum hybridum Bulliard; syn. of: Hydnum ferrugineum Fries: Fr., current genus: Hydnellum.
Calodon mirabilis (Fries) Quélet in P.Karsten, 1882, Bidr. Känn. Finl. Nat. Folk 37: 107, VP; bas.: Hydnum mirabile Fries, current genus: Hydnellum. [p. 106]
Calodon montellicus (Saccardo) Bataille, 1923, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 39: 211, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Hydnum montellicum Saccardo, Hydnellum sp.
Calodon multiplex (Fries) P.Karsten, 1882, Bidr. Känn. Finl. Nat. Folk 37: 110, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Hydnum multiplex Fries, cf. Phellodon.
Calodon niger (Fries: Fr.) Quélet, 1886, Enchir. Fung.: 191, VP; bas.: Hydnum nigrum Fries: Fr., current genus: Phellodon.
Calodon olidus (Berkeley) S.Ito, 1955, Mycological Flora of Japan 2(4): 177, VP; bas.: Hydnum olidum Berkeley, syn. of: Hydnum nigrum, current genus: Phellodon.
Calodon peckii (Banker) Snell & Dick in Snell, Dick, Jackson & Taussig, 1956, Lloydia 19: 163, VP; bas.: Hydnellum peckii Banker, current genus: Hydnellum.
Calodon putidus (Atkinson) S.Ito, 1955, Mycological Flora of Japan 2(4): 180, VP; bas.: Hydnum putidum Atkinson, current genus: Phellodon.
Calodon scrobiculatus (Fries) P.Karsten, 1882, Bidr. Känn. Finl. Nat. Folk 37: 108, VP; bas.: Hydnum scrobiculatum Fries, current genus: Hydnellum.
Calodon suaveolens (Scopoli: Fr.) P.Karsten, 1881, Revue mycol., Toulouse 3(9): 20, VP; bas.: Hydnum suaveolens Scopoli: Fr., current genus: Hydnellum.
Calodon sulphureus (Kalchbrenner) Quélet, 1888, Fl. mycol. France: 443, VP; bas.: Hydnum sulphureum Kalchbrenner; syn. of: Hydnum geogenium Fries, current genus: Hydnellum.
Calodon tomentosus (Linnaeus: Fr.) Maire, 1937, Publnes Inst. Bot., Barcelona 3(4): 36, VP; bas.: Hydnum tomentosum Linnaeus: Fr., current genus: Phellodon.
Calodon velutinus (Fries: Fr.) P.Karsten, 1882, Bidr. Känn. Finl. Nat. Folk 37: 109, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Hydnum velutinum Fries: Fr., cf. Hydnum ferrugineum Fries.
Calodon zonatus (Batsch) P.Karsten, 1882, Bidr. Känn. Finl. Nat. Folk 37: 108, VP; bas.: Hydnum zonatum Batsch, syn. of: Hydnum concrescens Persoon, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum acre (Quélet) Quélet, 1886, Enchir. Fung.: 188, VP; bas.: Hydnum acre Quélet; syn. of: Hydnum mirabile Fries, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum alachuanum (Murrill) Coker & Beers, 1951, Stipitate Hydnums of eastern U.S.: 66, VP; bas.: Sarcodon alachuanus Murrill; syn. of: Hydnum caeruleum Hornemann, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum albonigrum (Peck) Ragab, 1953, Mycologia 45: 944, VP; bas.: Hydnum albonigrum Peck; syn. of: Hydnum nigrum Fries: Fr., current genus: Phellodon.
Hydnellum amicum (Quélet) Ragab, 1953, Mycologia 45: 944, VP; bas.: Hydnum amicum Quélet; syn. of: Hydnum confluens Persoon, current genus: Phellodon.
Hydnellum aurantiacum (Batsch: Fr.) P.Karsten, 1879, Meddn Soc. Fauna Fl. fenn. 5: 41, VP; bas.: Hydnum suberosum var. aurantiacum Batsch: Fr., current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum auratile (Britzelmayr) Maas Geesteranus, 1959, Persoonia 1: 111, VP; bas.: Hydnum auratile Britzelmayr, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum caeruleum (Hornemann) P.Karsten, 1879, Meddn Soc. Fauna Fl. fenn. 5: 41, VP; bas.: Hydnum caeruleum Hornemann, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum carbunculus Banker, 1906, Mem. Torrey bot. Club 12: 151, VP, based on Hydnum carbunculus Secretan INV, nom. nov. for Hydnum ferrugineum Fries: Fr., current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum carolinianum Coker, 1919, J. Elisha Mitchell sci. Soc. 34: 189, VP; syn. of: Hydnellum complicatum Banker, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum chrysinum K.A.Harrison, 1964, Can. J. Bot. 42: 1223, VP, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum cinereum (Bulliard: Fr.) P.Karsten, 1880, Meddn Soc. Fauna Fl. fenn. 5: 41, VP; bas.: Hydnum cinereum Bulliard: Fr., nomen confusum and/or nomen dubium; the interpretation of Fries 1821 is different from that of Fries 1828.
Hydnellum coalitum Maas Geesteranus, 1975, Verh. K. ned. Akad. Wet., 2, 65: 95, VP, current genus: Hydnellum. [p. 107]
Hydnellum compactum (Persoon: Fr.) P.Karsten, 1879, Meddn Soc. Fauna Fl. fenn. 5: 41, VP; bas.: Hydnum compactum Persoon: Fr.; syn. of: Hydnum mirabile Fries, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum complectipes D.Hall in Hall & Stuntz, 1972, Mycologia 64: 573, VP; bas.: Hydnum suberosum var. aurantiacum Batsch: Fr., current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum complicatum Banker, 1906, Mem. Torrey bot. Club 12: 161, VP, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum concrescens (Persoon) Banker, 1906, Mem. Torrey bot. Club 12: 157, VP; bas.: Hydnum concrescens Persoon, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum conigenum (Peck) Banker, 1906, Mem. Torrey bot. Club 12: 160, VP; bas.: Hydnum conigenum Peck, cf. Hydnellum earlianum Banker.
Hydnellum connatum (C.F.Schultz: Fr.) P.Karsten, 1879, Meddn Soc. Fauna Fl. fenn. 5: 41, VP; bas.: Hydnum connatum C.F.Schultz: Fr.; syn. of: Hydnum tomentosum Linnaeus: Fr., current genus: Phellodon.
Hydnellum cruentum K.A.Harrison, 1961, Publs Dep. Agric. Can. 1099: 37, VP, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum crustulinum Maas Geesteranus, 1971, Verh. K. ned. Akad. Wet., 2, 60(3): 91, VP, current genus: Hydnellum ; cf. Hydnellum complicatum Banker.
Hydnellum cumulatum K.A.Harrison, 1964, Can. J. Bot. 42: 1225, VP, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum cyanellum K.A.Harrison, 1964, Can. J. Bot. 42: 1214, VP.
Hydnellum cyaneotinctum (Peck) Banker, 1906, Mem. Torrey bot. Club 12: 164, VP; bas.: Hydnum cyaneotinctum Peck; syn. of: Hydnum caeruleum Hornemann, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum cyanodon K.A.Harrison, 1964, Can. J. Bot. 42: 1222, VP, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum cyanopodium K.A.Harrison, 1964, Can. J. Bot. 42: 1221, VP, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum cyathiforme (Schaeffer: Fr.) P.Karsten, 1880, Meddn Soc. Fauna Fl. fenn. 5: 41, INV, non Hydnum cyathiforme Bull.: Fr.; bas.: Hydnum cyathiforme Schaeffer: Fr.; syn. of: Hydnum tomentosum Linnaeus: Fr., current genus: Phellodon.
Hydnellum diabolus Banker, 1913, Mycologia 5: 194, VP, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum earlianum Banker, 1906, Mem. Torrey bot. Club 12: 161, VP, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum fasciatum (Peck) Coker & Beers, 1951, Stipitate Hydnums of eastern U.S.: 77, VP; bas.: Hydnum fasciatum Peck; syn. of: Hydnum concrescens Persoon, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum ferrugineum (Fries: Fr.) P.Karsten, 1879, Meddn Soc. Fauna Fl. fenn. 5: 41, VP; bas.: Hydnum ferrugineum Fries: Fr., current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum ferrugipes Coker, 1919, J. Elisha Mitchell scient. Soc. 34: 188, VP; syn. of: Hydnum caeruleum Hornemann, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum floriforme (Schaeffer) Banker, 1912, Mem. Torrey bot. Club 12: 159, VP; bas.: Hydnum floriforme Schaeffer, syn. of: Hydnum suberosum var. aurantiacum Batsch: Fr., current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum fraudulentum Maas Geesteranus, 1971, Verh. K. ned. Akad. Wet., 2, 60(3): 95, VP, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum frondosum K.A.Harrison, 1961, Publs Dep. Agric. Can. 1099: 44, VP, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum geogenium (Fries) Banker, 1913, Mycologia 5: 203, VP; bas.: Hydnum geogenium Fries, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum gracilipes (P.Karsten) Karsten, 1880, Meddn Soc. Fauna Fl. fenn. 5: 41, VP; bas.: Hydnum gracilipes P.Karsten, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum graveolens (Persoon) P.Karsten, 1880, Meddn Soc. Fauna Fl. fenn. 5: 41, VP, original author cited as 'Delart.'; bas.: Hydnum graveolens Persoon; syn. of: Hydnum melaleucum Swartz: Fr. in Fries, current genus: Phellodon.
Hydnellum humidum (Banker) Banker, 1906, Mem. Torrey bot. Club 12: 162, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Hydnum humidum Banker in V.S.White. [p. 108]
Hydnellum hybridum (Bulliard) Banker, 1913, Mycologia 5: 198, VP; bas.: Hydnum hybridum Bulliard; syn. of: Hydnum ferrugineum Fries: Fr., current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum inquinatum Banker, 1913, Mycologia 5: 202, VP; syn. of: Hydnum caeruleum Hornemann, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum longidentatum Coker, 1939, J. Elisha Mitchell scient. Soc. 55: 379, INV.
Hydnellum melaleucum (Swartz: Fr.) P.Karsten, 1880, Meddn Soc. Fauna Fl. fenn. 5: 41, VP; bas.: Hydnum melaleucum Swartz: Fr. in Fries, current genus: Phellodon.
Hydnellum mirabile (Fries) P.Karsten, 1879, Meddn Soc. Fauna Fl. fenn. 5: 41, VP; bas.: Hydnum mirabile Fries, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum multiceps K.A.Harrison, 1961, Publs Dep. Agric. Can. 1099: 45, VP, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum nigellum K.A.Harrison, 1964, Can. J. Bot. 42: 1230, VP, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum nigrum (Fries: Fr.) P.Karsten, 1879, Meddn Soc. Fauna Fl. fenn. 5: 41, VP; bas.: Hydnum nigrum Fries: Fr., current genus: Phellodon.
Hydnellum nuttallii Banker, 1906, Mem. Torrey bot. Club 12: 155, VP; syn. of: Hydnum spongiosipes Peck, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum papuanum Maas Geesteranus, 1971, Verh. K. ned. Akad. Wet., 2, 60(3): 102, VP, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum parvum Banker, 1913, Mycologia 5: 200, VP; syn. of: Hydnum concrescens Persoon, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum peckii Banker, 1913, Mycologia 5: 203, VP, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum pineticola K.A.Harrison, 1964, Can. J. Bot. 42: 1226, VP; syn. of: Hydnum ferrugineum Fries: Fr., current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum piperatum Coker ex Maas Geesteranus, 1963, Persoonia 2: 476, VP, based on Sarcodon piperatus Coker, current genus: Sarcodon.
Hydnellum pusillum (Brotero: Fr.) P.Karsten, 1880, Meddn Soc. Fauna Fl. fenn. 5: 41, VP; bas.: Hydnum pusillum Brotero: Fr., current genus: Mycorrhaphium.
Hydnellum queletii (Fries ) P.Karsten, 1879, Meddn Soc. Fauna Fl. fenn. 5: 41, VP; bas.: Hydnum queletii Fries in Quélet; syn. of: Hydnum scrobiculatum Fries, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum regium K.A.Harrison, 1964, Can. J. Bot. 42: 1231, VP, current genus: Hydnellum, cf. Hydnellum geogenium (Fr.) Banker.
Hydnellum rhizopes Coker, 1939, J. Elisha Mitchell scient. Soc. 55: 379, INV; syn. of: Hydnellum diabolus Banker, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum rickerii Banker, 1913, Mycologia 5: 201, VP; syn. of: Hydnum suaveolens Scopoli: Fr., current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum sanguinarium Banker, 1906, Mem. Torrey bot. Club 12: 152, ILL, nom. nov. for Hudnum ferrugineum Fries: Fr., current genus Hydnellum.
Hydnellum scleropodium K.A.Harrison, 1964, Can. J. Bot. 42: 1219, VP, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum scrobiculatum (Fries) P.Karsten, 1879, Meddn Soc. Fauna Fl. fenn. 5: 41, VP; bas.: Hydnum scrobiculatum Fries, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum septentrionale K.A.Harrison, 1964, Can. J. Bot. 42: 1224, VP, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum singeri Maas Geesteranus, 1969, Proc. K. ned. Akad. Wet., C: 72: 219, VP, current genus: Hydnellum, cf. Hydnellum piperatum Coker ex Maas Geest.
Hydnellum spadiceum (Persoon: Fr.) P.Karsten, 1880, Meddn Soc. Fauna Fl. fenn. 5: 41, VP; bas.: Hydnum spadiceum Persoon: Fr.
Hydnellum spongiosipes (Peck) Pouzar, 1960, Ceská Mykol. 14: 130, VP; bas.: Hydnum spongiosipes Peck, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum staurastrum Maas Geesteranus, 1971, Verh. K. ned. Akad. Wet., 2, 60(3): 106, VP, current genus: Hydnellum. [p. 109]
Hydnellum suaveolens (Scopoli: Fr.) P.Karsten, 1879, Meddn Soc. Fauna Fl. fenn. 5: 41, VP; bas.: Hydnum suaveolens Scopoli: Fr., current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum subsuccosum K.A.Harrison, 1964, Can. J. Bot. 42: 1228, VP; syn. of: Hydnum concrescens Persoon, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum subtile (P.Karsten) P.Karsten, 1896, Hedwigia 35: 173, VP; bas.: Kneiffia subtilis P.Karsten.
Hydnellum subzonatum K.A.Harrison, 1961, Publs Dep. Agric. Can. 1099: 37, VP, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum tardum Maas Geesteranus, 1975, Verh. K. ned. Akad. Wet., 2, 65: 98, VP, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum velutinum (Fries: Fr.) P.Karsten, 1880, Meddn Soc. Fauna Fl. fenn. 5: 41, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Hydnum velutinum Fries: Fr., cf. Hydnum ferrugineum Fries.
Hydnellum vespertilio (Berkeley) Banker, 1913, Mycologia 5: 198, VP; bas.: Hydnum vespertilio Berkeley; syn. of: Hydnum concrescens Persoon, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hydnellum zonatum (Batsch) P.Karsten, 1879, Meddn Soc. Fauna Fl. fenn. 5: 41, VP; bas.: Hydnum zonatum Batsch, syn. of: Hydnum concrescens Persoon, current genus: Hydnellum.
Hypochnus acerinus (Persoon: Fr.) Patouillard, 1889, Revue mycol., Toulouse 11: 166, VP; bas.: Corticium acerinum Persoon: Fr., current genus: Dendrothele.
Hypochnus albocinctus Montagne, 1838, Hist. phys. Cuba, Bot. Pl. cell.: 368, VP; syn. of: Chiodectonis nivei Fee.
Hypochnus albostramineus Bresadola, 1903, Annls mycol. 1: 110, VP; syn. of: Corticium punctulatum Cooke, current genus: Hypochnicium.
Hypochnus albus Burt, 1926, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 13: 319, VP; syn. of: Peniophora clematitis Bourdot & Galzin, current genus: Litschauerella.
Hypochnus alutaceo‑umbrinus Bresadola, 1903, Annls mycol. 1: 109, VP; current genera: Tomentella, Tomentellastrum.
Hypochnus anceps Rick, 1959, Iheringia 5: 129, VP, nomen dubium.
Hypochnus andinus Patouillard in Patouillard & Lagerheim, 1895, Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 58, VP, nomen dubium.
Hypochnus anthochrous (Persoon: Fr.) Fries, 1863, Monogr. hymenomyc. suec., II: 264, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Thelephora anthochroa Persoon: Fr.
Hypochnus arachnoideus (Berkeley & Broome) Bresadola, 1903, Annls mycol. 1: 108, VP; bas.: Thelephora arachnoidea Berkeley & Broome.
Hypochnus araneosus (Höhnel & Litschauer) Saccardo & Trotter, 1912, Syll. Fung. 21: 413, VP; bas.: Tomentella araneosa Höhnel & Litschauer, syn. of: Merisma fastidiosum Persoon: Fr., current genus: Trechispora.
Hypochnus argillaceus P.Karsten, 1881, Meddn Soc. Fauna Fl. fenn. 6: 13, VP; syn. of: Hypochnus isabellinus Fries, current genus: Botryohypochnus.
Hypochnus asperulus P.Karsten, 1889, Bidr. Känn. Finl. Nat. Folk 48: 441, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus asterophorus Bonorden, 1851, Handbuch prakt. Heilk. Ärtze Stud.: 160, VP, current genus: Tylospora.
Hypochnus atroruber (Peck) Burt, 1916, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 3: 230, VP; bas.: Zygodesmus atroruber Peck, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus atrovirens Bresadola, 1897, Atti I.R. Accad. Roveret. Sci., III, 3: 116, VP; current genus: Tomentella, cf. Tomentella ferruginea (Pers.) Pat.
Hypochnus atrovirens (Fries: Fr.) Donk, 1930, Ned. kruidk. Archf: 82, ILL, non Hypochnus atrovirens Bres. 1897; bas.: Thelephora atrovirens Fries: Fr., current genus: Byssocorticium.
Hypochnus aurantiacus (Patouillard) Burt, 1916, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 3: 241, VP; bas.: Tomentella aurantiaca Patouillard, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus aureus Fries: Fr., 1818, Obs. mycol. 2: 281, VP, nomen dubium. [p. 110]
Hypochnus avellaneus Burt, 1916, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 3: 225, VP; syn. of: Tomentella rhodophaea Höhnel & Litschauer, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus bagliettoanus Fries, 1874, Hymenomyc. Eur.: 705, VP, current genus: Septobasidium.
Hypochnus basicola Rostrup in Lind, 1913, Danish Fungi Herb. Rostrup: 354, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Thanatephorus.
Hypochnus beccarianus Passerini, 1875, Nuovo G. bot. ital. 7: 181, VP, nomen dubium, Septobasidium sp.
Hypochnus bicolor Atkinson & Burt, 1916, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 3: 229, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus bisporus J.Schroeter in Cohn, 1889, Krypt.‑Fl. Schlesien 3(1): 415, VP, current genus: Athelia.
Hypochnus bombycinus (Sommerfelt: Fr.) Fries, 1863, Monogr. hymenomyc. suec. 2: 264, VP; bas.: Thelephora bombycina Sommerfelt: Fr., current genus: Hypochnicium.
Hypochnus botryoides (Schweinitz) Burt, 1916, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 3: 226, VP; bas.: Thelephora botryoides Schweinitz, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus brefeldii Saccardo, 1891, Syll. Fung. 9: 1891, VP, nomen dubium, Botryobasidium sp.
Hypochnus bresadolae Brinkmann in Bresadola, 1903, Annls mycol. 1: 108, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus brunneus (J.Schroeter) Saccardo, 1888, Syll. Fung. 6: 662, VP; bas.: Tomentella brunnea J.Schroeter, syn. of: Thelephora puteana Schumacher: Fr., current genus: Coniophora.
Hypochnus bubaci Velenovsky, 1922, Ceske Houby 4‑5: 774, VP, nomen dubium.
Hypochnus burnatii Lendner, 1914, Bull. Soc. bot. Genève 6: 106, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Thanatephorus cucumeris.
Hypochnus byssoides (Persoon: Fr.) Quélet, 1879, Bull. Soc. bot. Fr. 26: 231, VP, as 'byssoideus'; bas.: Thelephora byssoides Persoon: Fr., current genus: Amphinema.
Hypochnus caeruleus DeCandolle, 1815, Flore franç. ed. 3, 2: 107, VP.
Hypochnus caesius (Persoon: Fr.) Bresadola, 1903, Annls mycol. 1: 107, VP, nomen confusum; bas.: Corticium caesium Persoon: Fr.
Hypochnus canadensis Burt, 1916, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 3: 211, VP; syn. of: Zygodesmus fibrosus Berkeley & Curtis in Berkeley, current genus: Tomentellina.
Hypochnus capnoides Bresadola, 1896, Hedwigia 35: 62, VP; syn. of: Hypochnus cinerascens P.Karsten, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus capnophilus Arnaud, 1951, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 67: 194, INV.
Hypochnus carneoroseus Rick, 1934, Brotéria, Cienc. nat. 3: 152, VP.
Hypochnus castaneus (Bourdot & Galzin) Donk, 1930, Ned. kruidk. Archf: 82, VP; bas.: Tomentella fusca ssp. castanea Bourdot & Galzin; syn. of: Zygodesmus sublilacinus Ellis & Holway, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus centrifugus (Léveillé) Tulasne, 1861, Selecta Fung. carpol. 1: 114, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Rhizoctonia centrifuga Léveillé.
Hypochnus cervinus Burt, 1916, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 3: 232, VP; syn. of: Hypochnus coeruleus Bresadola, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus chaetophorus Höhnel, 1902, Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.‑nat. Kl. I, 111: 1007, VP, current genus: Tubulicrinis.
Hypochnus chalybaeus (Persoon) J.Schroeter in Cohn, 1889, Krypt.‑Fl. Schlesien 3(1): 417, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Corticium chalybaeum Persoon, cf.: Tomentella fuscocinerea.
Hypochnus chlorinus Massee, 1901, Bull. misc. Inf. R. bot. Gdns Kew: 158, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus cinerascens P.Karsten, 1888, Meddn Soc. Fauna Fl. fenn. 16: 2, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus cinereo‑umbrinus Bresadola, 1926, Stud. Trent. II, 7: 12, VP, current genera: Tomentella, Tomentellastrum. [p. 111]
Hypochnus cinereus Bonorden, 1851, Handbuch prakt. Heilk. Ärtze Stud.: 158, VP, nomen dubium.
Hypochnus cinnamomeus (Persoon: Fr.) Bonorden, 1851, Handbuch prakt. Heilk. Ärtze Stud.: 160, VP; bas.: Thelephora cinnamomea Persoon: Fr., current genus: Hymenochaete.
Hypochnus coeruleus Bresadola, 1903, Annls mycol. 1: 109, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus confluens (Fries: Fr.) Bonorden, 1851, Handbuch prakt. Heilk. Ärtze Stud.: 159, VP; bas.: Thelephora confluens Fries: Fr., current genera: Radulomyces, Cerocorticium.
Hypochnus conspersus Fries, 1838, Epicrisis Syst. mycol.: 570, VP, nomen dubium.
Hypochnus coriarius (Peck) Burt, 1916, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 3: 228, VP; bas.: Grandinia coriaria Peck; syn. of: Corticium ferrugineum Persoon, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus coronatus J.Schroeter in Cohn, 1888, Krypt.‑Fl. Schlesien 3(1): 418, VP, current genus: Botryobasidium.
Hypochnus cremicolor Bresadola, 1903, Annls mycol. 1: 109, VP; syn. of: Corticium punctulatum Cooke, current genus: Hypochnicium.
Hypochnus cruentus (Smith) Schleicher, 1821, Cat. Pl. Helv.: 58, VP; bas.: Tremella cruenta Smith.
Hypochnus crustaceus (Schumacher: Fr.) P.Karsten, 1882, Bidr. Känn. Finl. Nat. Folk 37: 163, VP; bas.: Thelephora crustacea Schumacher: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Hypochnus cucumeris Frank, 1883, Ber. dt. bot. Ges. 1: 62, VP, current genus: Thanatephorus.
Hypochnus cyanescens Peyronel, 1922, Boll. Soc. bot. ital. 11: 9, INV, nomen nudum.
Hypochnus cyaneus Wakefield, 1917, Trans. Br. mycol. Soc. 5: 478, VP, current genus: Lazulinospora.
Hypochnus dendriticus Wallroth, 1833, Fl. Crypt. Germ. 2: 310, VP, nomen dubium, non Tomentella.
Hypochnus disruptus Rick, 1959, Iheringia 5: 129, VP.
Hypochnus dussii Patouillard, 1899, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 15: 202, VP, current genus: Tubulicium.
Hypochnus echinosporus (Ellis) Burt, 1916, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 3: 237, VP; bas.: Corticium echinosporum Ellis, current genus: Tomentellopsis.
Hypochnus effusus Bonorden, 1851, Handbuch prakt. Heilk. Ärtze Stud.: 160, VP, non Tomentella.
Hypochnus elaeodes Bresadola, 1897, Atti I.R. Accad. Roveret. Sci., III, 3: 115, VP; syn. of: Thelephora punicea Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr., current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus epigaeus Burt, 1916, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 3: 226, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus epimyces (Bresadola) Saccardo & D.Saccardo, 1905, Syll. Fung. 17: 186, VP; bas.: Corticium epimyces Bresadola, syn. of: Hypochnus mucidulus P.Karsten, current genera: Pseudotomentella, Tomentella.
Hypochnus epiphyllus (Persoon) Wallroth, 1833, Fl. Crypt. Germ. 2: 310, VP; bas.: Athelia epiphylla Persoon, current genus: Athelia.
Hypochnus epiphyllus (Schweinitz) Burt, 1926, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 13: 320, ILL, non Hypochnus epiphyllus (Pers.) Wallroth 1833; bas.: Hydnum epiphyllum Schweinitz; syn. of: Thelephora punicea Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr., current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus eradians (Fries: Fr.) Bresadola, 1903, Annls mycol. 1: 107, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Thelephora eradians Fries: Fr.
Hypochnus erythroxyli Sawada, 1959, Spec. Publ. Coll. Agric. natn. Taiwan Univ. 8: 100, INV.
Hypochnus euphorbiae Patouillard in Patouillard & Lagerheim, 1895, Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 58, VP; syn. of: Hypochnus longisporus Patouillard, current genus: Subulicystidium.
Hypochnus euphrasiae Lagerheim in Vestergren, 1903, Micromyc. rar. selecti 733, VP.
Hypochnus eylesii Bijl, 1925, S. Afr. J. Sci. 22: 168, VP.
Hypochnus ferrugineus (Persoon) Fries, 1863, Monogr. hymenomyc. suec. 2: 264, VP; bas.: Corticium ferrugineum Persoon, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus ferruginosus (Höhnel & Litschauer) Burt, 1916, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 3: 212, VP; bas.: Tomentellina ferruginosa Höhnel & Litschauer; syn. of: Zygodesmus fibrosus Berkeley & Curtis in Berkeley, current genus: Tomentellina.
Hypochnus fibrillosus Burt, 1916, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 3: 328, VP, current genus: Tylospora. [p. 112]
Hypochnus filamentosus Patouillard in Patouillard & Lagerheim, 1891, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 7: 163, VP.
Hypochnus filamentosus Burt, 1926, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 13: 320, ILL, non Hypochnus filamentosus Pat. 1891.
Hypochnus flaccidus Britzelmayr, 1897, Bot. Zbl. 71: 18, VP, apparently not a Tomentella.
Hypochnus flavescens Bonorden, 1851, Handbuch allg. Mykol.: 160, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Coniophora ochracea Massee.
Hypochnus flavo‑aurantius Traverso in Saccardo, 1908, Annls mycol. 6: 553, VP.
Hypochnus flavobrunneus Dearness & Bisby in Bisby & al., 1929, Fungi of Manitoba: 90, VP, belongs to var. suffocata (Peck) Ginns; syn. of: Thelephora arida Fries: Fr., current genus: Coniophora.
Hypochnus flavus (Brefeld) Saccardo, 1891, Syll. Fung. 9: 242, VP; bas.: Tomentella flava Brefeld, syn. of: Hypochnus isabellinus Fries, current genus: Botryohypochnus.
Hypochnus fuciformis McAlpine, 1906, Annls mycol. 4: 549, VP, current genus: Laetisaria.
Hypochnus fuligineus Burt, 1916, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 3: 232, VP; syn. of: Zygodesmus ramosissimus Berkeley & Curtis in Berkeley, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus fulvescens Saccardo, 1904, Annls mycol. 4: 13, VP.
Hypochnus fulvocinctus Bresadola, 1897, Atti I.R. Accad. Roveret. Sci., III, 3: 116, VP; syn. of: Corticium ferrugineum Persoon, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus fumosus Fries, 1818, Obs. mycol. 2: 279, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Phlebia vaga Fries.
Hypochnus furfuraceus Bresadola, 1900, Fungi tridentini 2: 97, VP, current genera: Boidinia Gloeocystidiellum.
Hypochnus fuscatus (P.Karsten) Saccardo, 1891, Syll. Fung. 9: 244, VP; bas.: Hypochnopsis fuscata P.Karsten.
Hypochnus fuscellus Saccardo, 1882, Syll. Fung. 6: 662, VP, nomen dubium.
Hypochnus fuscoferruginosus Bresadola, 1903, Annls mycol. 1: 109, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus fuscus (Persoon: Fr.) Fries, 1818, Obs. mycol. 2: 280, VP, considered as a combination despite the question mark, because in 1821 Fries repeated the synonymy without expressing doubts; bas.: Corticium fuscum Persoon: Fr.; syn. of: Auricularia tabacina Sowerby: Fr., fide Fries 1821: 437; current genus: Hymenochaete.
Hypochnus fuscus P.Karsten, 1881, Meddn Soc. Fauna Fl. fenn. 6: 13, ILL, non Hypochnus fuscus (Persoon: Fr.) Fries; belongs to Tomentella.
Hypochnus fusisporus J.Schroeter in Cohn, 1889, Krypt.‑Fl. Schlesien 3(1): 416, VP, current genus: Uthatobasidium.
Hypochnus gardeniae Zimmermann, 1901, Zentbl. Bakt. ParasitKde 7: 102, VP, not a Tomentella.
Hypochnus glaucus Bonorden, 1876, Hedwigia 15: 75, VP.
Hypochnus gracillimus Velenovsky, 1922, Ceske Houby 4‑5: 774, VP.
Hypochnus graminis Naumov, 1913, Trudy Byuro prikl. Bot. 6: 202, VP.
Hypochnus grandinioides Rick, 1928, Egatea 13: 435, VP, nomen dubium.
Hypochnus granosus (Berkeley & Curtis) Bresadola, 1903, Annls mycol. 1: 108, VP; bas.: Thelephora granosa Berkeley & Curtis; syn. of: Thelephora botryoides Schweinitz, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus granulatus Bonorden, 1851, Handbuch prakt. Heilk. Ärtze Stud.: 160, VP.
Hypochnus granulosus (Peck) Burt, 1916, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 3: 218, VP; bas.: Zygodesmus granulosus Peck; syn. of: Thelephora punicea Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr., current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus hellebori Rostrup, 1897, Bot. Tidsskr. 43(51): 21, VP, nomen nudum.
Hypochnus helvolus Fries, 1818, Obs. mycol. 2: 281, VP.
Hypochnus holoxanthus Montagne, 1838, Hist. phys. Cuba, Bot. Pl. cell.: 367, VP, nomen dubium.
Hypochnus incarnatus Schleicher, 1821, Cat. Pl. Helv.: 58, VP. [p. 113]
Hypochnus incarnatus (P.Hennings) Saccardo & Sydow, 1899, Syll. Fung. 14: 227, ILL, non Hypochnus incarnatus Schleicher 1821; bas.: Tomentella incarnata P.Hennings; syn. of: Corticium echinosporum Ellis, current genus: Tomentellopsis.
Hypochnus isabellinus Fries: Fr., 1818, Obs. mycol. 2: 281, VP, current genus: Botryohypochnus.
Hypochnus lacteus (Fries: Fr.) Bonorden, 1851, Handbuch prakt. Heilk. Ärtze Stud.: 160, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Thelephora lactea Fries: Fr.
Hypochnus lacunosus (Berkeley & Broome) Saccardo, 1888, Syll. Fung. 6: 660, VP; bas.: Corticium lacunosum Berkeley & Broome; syn. of: Thelephora byssoides Persoon: Fr., current genus: Amphinema.
Hypochnus laevis (Persoon: Fr.) Bonorden, 1751, Handb. allg. Mykol.: 251, VP; bas.: Corticium laeve Persoon: Fr., current genus: Cylindrobasidium.
Hypochnus langloisii Patouillard, 1908, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 24: 3, VP.
Hypochnus lateritius (Patouillard) Saccardo & Sydow, 1899, Syll. Fung. 14: 227, VP; bas.: Tomentella lateritia Patouillard.
Hypochnus lavandulaceus Pearson, 1920, Trans. Brit. mycol. Soc. 7: 57; syn. of Hypochnus mucidulus P.Karsten, current genera: Pseudotomentella, Tomentella
Hypochnus laxus (Fries) P.Karsten, 1882, Bidr. Känn. Finl. Nat. Folk 37: 164 r, VP; bas.: Thelephora laxa Fries.
Hypochnus lilacinoroseus Patouillard, 1897, Cat. rais. Pl. cell. Tunis: 62, VP, current genera: Corticium, Laeticorticium.
Hypochnus longisporus Patouillard, 1894, J. Bot. (Morot) 8: 221, VP, current genus: Subulicystidium.
Hypochnus marchandii (Patouillard) Patouillard, 1900, Essai tax. Hymenomyc.: 65, VP; bas.: Corticium marchandii Patouillard.
Hypochnus michelianus Caldesi, 1866, Un. Itin. crypt.: 61, VP.
Hypochnus microsporus P.Karsten, 1896, Hedwigia 35: 174, VP; syn. of: Zygodesmus ellisii Saccardo, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus mollis (Fries: Fr.) Fries, 1863, Monogr. hymenomyc. suec. 2: 264, VP; bas.: Thelephora mollis Fries: Fr., current genus: Hypochniciellum.
Hypochnus mucidulus P.Karsten, 1882, Bidr. Känn. Finl. Nat. Folk 37: 163, VP, current genus: Pseudotomentella, Tomentella.
Hypochnus mucidus J.Schroeter in Cohn, 1889, Krypt.‑Fl. Schlesien 3(1): 416, VP.
Hypochnus mucor Rick, 1934, Brotéria, Cienc. nat. 3: 153, VP.
Hypochnus muscorum J.Schroeter in Cohn, 1889, Krypt.‑Fl. Schlesien 3(1): 418, VP.
Hypochnus mustialaensis P.Karsten, 1871, Not. Sällsk. Fauna Flora fenn. Förh. 11: 222, VP, current genus: Hypochnopsis.
Hypochnus nigrescens P.Karsten, 1889, Hedwigia 28: 366, VP; syn. of: Zygodesmus ellisii Saccardo, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus nigrocinctus Ehrenberg, 1820, Horae Phys. berol.: 85, VP.
Hypochnus niveus Britzelmayr, 1897, Bot. Zbl. 71: 18, VP, not a Tomentella.
Hypochnus obducens (P.Karsten) Saccardo, 1891, Syll. Fung. 9: 243, VP; bas.: Tomentella obducens P.Karsten; syn. of: Thelephora byssoides Persoon: Fr., current genus: Amphinema.
Hypochnus obscuratus P.Karsten, 1896, Hedwigia 35: 46, VP; syn. of: Sporotrichum bryophilum Persoon: Fr., current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus ochroleucus Noack in Saccardo, 1902, Syll. Fung. 16: 197, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Pellicularia koleroga Cooke.
Hypochnus ochromelas Saccardo, 1916, Nuovo G. bot. ital. 23: 198, VP.
Hypochnus olivaceus Fries: Fr., 1818, Obs. mycol. 2: 282, VP, current genus: Coniophora.
Hypochnus olivascens (Berkeley & Curtis) Burt, 1916, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 3: 220, VP; bas.: Zygodesmus olivascens Berkeley & Curtis in Berkeley, current genus: Tomentella. [p. 114]
Hypochnus pallidofulvus (Peck) Burt, 1926, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 13: 321, VP; bas.: Zygodesmus pallidofulvus Peck; syn. of: Sporotrichum bryophilum Persoon: Fr., current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus pannosus (Berkeley & Curtis) Burt, 1916, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 3: 223, VP; bas.: Zygodesmus pannosus Berkeley & Curtis in Berkeley.
Hypochnus papyraceus Schleicher, 1821, Cat. Pl. Helv.: 58, VP.
Hypochnus pellicula (Fries) Saccardo & D.Saccardo, 1905, Syll. Fung. 17: 189, VP; bas.: Hypochnus mollis var. pellicula Fries, syn. of Corticium echinosporum Ellis, current genus: Tomentellopsis.
Hypochnus peniophoroides Burt, 1916, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 3: 234, VP.
Hypochnus pennsylvanicus Overholts, 1929, Mycologia 21: 283, VP.
Hypochnus peronosporoides Spegazzini, 1898, An. Mus. nac. Hist. nat. B. Aires 6: 181, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Ceratobasidium.
Hypochnus phylacteris (Bulliard) Rea, 1927, Trans. Br. mycol. Soc. 12: 222, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Auricularia phylacteris Bulliard, current genus: Thelephora.
Hypochnus pilosus Burt, 1916, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 3: 221, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus polyporoideus (Berkeley & Curtis) Overholts, 1938, Mycologia 30: 275, VP; bas.: Corticium polyporoideum Berkeley & Curtis in Berkeley, current genus: Ramaricium.
Hypochnus puberus (Fries) Bonorden, 1851, Handbuch prakt. Heilk. Ärtze Stud.: 159, VP; bas.: Thelephora pubera Fries, current genus: Hyphoderma.
Hypochnus puniceus (Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr.) Saccardo, 1888, Syll. Fung. 6: 661, VP; bas.: Thelephora punicea Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr., current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus purpureus Tulasne, 1872, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., V, 15: 228, VP.
Hypochnus quercinus De Notaris & Baglietto, 1872, Erbar crittog. ital. II, no 585, VP.
Hypochnus radiosus (Fries) Bonorden, 1851, Handbuch prakt. Heilk. Ärtze Stud.: 160, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Thelephora radiosa Fries: Fr., often considered as a synonym of Thelephora citrina Pers.
Hypochnus reticulatus Wallroth, 1833, Fl. Crypt. Germ. 2: 310, VP.
Hypochnus rhacodium Berkeley & Curtis ex Burt, 1926, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 13: 322, VP.
Hypochnus rhizomorphus Rick, 1959, Iheringia 5: 129, VP.
Hypochnus rimincola Spegazzini, 1912, An. Mus. nac. Hist. nat. B. Aires 23: 10, VP.
Hypochnus roseocinctus Fries, 1830, Linnaea 5: 530, VP.
Hypochnus roseogriseus Wakefield & Pearson, 1920, Trans. Br. mycol. Soc. 6: 141. 1917‑1919, VP; syn. of Hypochnus mucidulus P.Karsten, current genera: Pseudotomentella, Tomentella.
Hypochnus roseus (Persoon: Fr.) J.Schroeter in Cohn, 1889, Krypt.‑Fl. Schlesien 3(1): 417, VP; bas.: Corticium roseum Persoon: Fr., current genus: Corticium, Laeticorticium.
Hypochnus ruberrimus Cesati, 1879, Atti Accad. Sci. fis. mat. Napoli 8(3): 10, VP.
Hypochnus rubiginosus Bresadola, 1897, Atti I.R. Accad. Roveret. Sci., III, 3: 116, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus rubrocinctus Ehrenberg, 1820, Horae Phys. berol.: 84, VP.
Hypochnus rubrocinereus Ehrenberg, 1820, Horae Phys. berol.: 84, VP.
Hypochnus sacchari Spegazzini, 1896, Revta Fac. Agron. Vet. La Plata 19: 227, VP.
Hypochnus sambuci (Persoon: Fr.) Fries, 1838, Epicrisis Syst. mycol.: 565, VP; bas.: Corticium sambuci Persoon: Fr., current genus: Hyphodontia.
Hypochnus sasakii Shirai, 1920, Bot. Mag., Tokyo 20: 319, VP; current genus: Thanatephorus.
Hypochnus schmoranzeri Bresadola, 1926, Stud. Trent. II, 7: 13, VP; syn. of: Thelephora atra Weinmann, current genus: Thelephora.
Hypochnus schroeteri Saccardo, 1888, Syll. Fung. 6: 658, VP.
Hypochnus sericeus (Persoon) Wallroth, 1833, Fl. Crypt. Germ. 2: 310, VP; bas.: Athelia sericea Persoon; syn. of: Phlebia vaga Fries: Fr., current genus: Phlebiella. [p. 115]
Hypochnus serus (Persoon) Leman, 1821, Dictionnaire des Sciences naturelles 22: 368, VP, as 'sereus'; bas.: Thelephora sera Persoon.
Hypochnus setariae Sawada 1912, Bot. Mag. 28: 177-193, VP.
Hypochnus setosus J.Schroeter in Cohn, 1889, Krypt.‑Fl. Schlesien 3(1): 418, VP.
Hypochnus sitnensis Bresadola, 1897, Atti I.R. Accad. Roveret. Sci., III, 3: 115, VP; syn. of: Hypochnus subfuscus ssp. tristis P. Karsten, current genera: Pseudotomentella, Tomentella.
Hypochnus solani Prillieux & Delacroix, 1891, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 7: 220, VP; syn. of Hypochnus solani Frank, current genus: Thanatephorus.
Hypochnus sordidellus (Höhnel & Litschauer) Rick, 1934, Brotéria, Cienc. nat. 3: 152, VP; bas.: Peniophora sordidella Höhnel & Litschauer.
Hypochnus sordidus J.Schroeter in Cohn, 1889, Krypt.‑Fl. Schlesien 3(1): 418, VP.
Hypochnus sparsus Burt, 1916, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 3: 225, VP; syn. of: Zygodesmus ellisii Saccardo, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus sphaerosporus R.Maire, 1905, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 21: 164, VP; syn. of: Hydnum farinaceum Persoon: Fr., current genus: Trechispora.
Hypochnus spiniferus Burt, 1916, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 3: 218, VP; syn. of: Sporotrichum lapidum Persoon, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus spongiosus (Schweinitz: Fr.) Burt, 1916, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 3: 216, VP; bas.: Thelephora spongiosa Schweinitz: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Hypochnus strigosus (Persoon) Wallroth, 1833, Fl. Crypt. Germ. 2: 312, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Corticium strigosum Persoon, cf. Amphinema byssoides (Pers.) J.Eriksson.
Hypochnus subdendriticus Rick, 1934, Brotéria, Cienc. nat. 3: 153, VP.
Hypochnus suberis (Patouillard) Saccardo & Sydow, 1899, Syll. Fung. 14: 228, VP; bas.: Tomentella suberis Patouillard; syn. of: Corticium ferrugineum Persoon, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus subferrugineus Burt, 1916, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 3: 210, VP; syn. of: Sporotrichum bryophilum Persoon: Fr., current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus subfuscus P.Karsten, 1882, Bidr. Känn. Finl. Nat. Folk 37: 163, VP, nomen dubium.
Hypochnus submutabilis (Höhnel & Litschauer) Rea, 1922, British Basidiomycetes: 658, VP; bas.: Corticium submutabile Höhnel & Litschauer; syn. of: Hydnum farinaceum Persoon: Fr., current genus: Trechispora.
Hypochnus subterraneous Harz, 1889, Bot. Zbl. 37: 341, VP.
Hypochnus subtilis J.Schroeter in Cohn, 1889, Krypt.‑Fl. Schlesien: 418, VP.
Hypochnus subvinosus Burt, 1916, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 3: 231, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus subviolaceus Peck, 1894, Rep. N.Y. St. Mus. nat. Hist. 46: 25, VP, current genus: Scotomyces.
Hypochnus subzygodesmoides Rick, 1934, Brotéria, Cienc. nat. 3: 152, VP.
Hypochnus sulphureus (Persoon: Fr.) J.Schroeter in Cohn, 1888, Krypt.‑Fl. Schlesien 3(1): 417, VP; bas.: Corticium sulphureum Persoon: Fr.; syn. of: Phlebia vaga Fries: Fr., current genus: Phlebiella.
Hypochnus sulphurinus (P.Karsten) Saccardo, 1891, Syll. Fung. 9: 243, VP; bas.: Tomentella sulphurina P.Karsten, current genus: Ceraceomyces.
Hypochnus tabacinus Bresadola in Brinkmann, 1908, Westf. Pilzbr. 108, VP; syn. of: Thelephora zygodesmoides Ellis, current genus: Tomentellopsis.
Hypochnus tenuis Bonorden, 1851, Handbuch prakt. Heilk. Ärtze Stud.: 159, VP.
Hypochnus terrestris Kniep, 1913, Z. Bot. 5: 599, VP, not a Tomentella.
Hypochnus testaceus (Bourdot & Galzin) Wehmeyer, 1940, Can. J. Res., C, 18: 93, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Tomentella testacea Bourdot & Galzin.
Hypochnus theae Bernard, 1907, Bull. Dép. Agric. Indes néerl. 6: 24, VP, not a Tomentella.
Hypochnus thelephoroides (Ellis & Everhart) Burt, 1916, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 3: 235, VP; bas.: Corticium thelephoroides Ellis & Everhart; syn. of: Thelephora pallescens Schweinitz, current genus: Vararia. [p. 116]
Hypochnus theobromae F.C.Faber, 1909, Arb. biol. BundAnst. Land‑ u. Forstw. 7: 227, VP, non Tomentella.
Hypochnus tristis (P.Karsten) Karsten, 1889, Bidr. Känn. Finl. Nat. Folk 48: 440, VP; bas.: Hypochnus subfuscus ssp. tristis P.Karsten, current genus: Pseudotomentella, Tomentella.
Hypochnus tulasnelloideus (Höhnel & Litschauer) Rea, 1927, Trans. Br. mycol. Soc. 12: 222, VP; bas.: Corticium tulasnelloideum Höhnel & Litschauer, current genus: Phlebiella.
Hypochnus typhae (Persoon: Fr.) Patouillard, 1899, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 15: 202, VP; bas.: Athelia typhae Persoon: Fr., current genus: Epithele.
Hypochnus umbrinus (Fries: Fr.) Fries, 1849, Summa veg. scand.: 337, VP; bas.: Thelephora umbrina Fries: Fr.; syn. of: Hypochnus olivaceus Fries: Fr., current genus: Coniophora.
Hypochnus uvidus (Fr.) Bonorden, 1851, Handbuch prakt. Heilk. Ärtze Stud.: 159, VP, bas.: Thelephora viscosa var. uvida Fr.: Fr.
Hypochnus vagus (Fries: Fr.) Kauffman, 1915, Bull. N.Y. St. Mus. 179: 88, VP; bas.: Phlebia vaga Fries: Fr., current genus: Phlebiella.
Hypochnus velutinus (DeCandolle: Fr.) Wallroth, 1833, Fl. Crypt. Germ. 2: 310, VP; bas.: Thelephora velutina DeCandolle in Lamarck: Fr., current genus: Phanerochaete.
Hypochnus violaceus (Auerswald) Saccardo, 1888, Syll. Fung. 6: 659, VP; bas.: Hypochnella violacea Auerswald in J.Schroeter in Cohn, current genus: Hypochnella.
Hypochnus violascens (Fries: Fr.) Fries, 1863, Monogr. hymenomyc. suec. 2: 264, VP; bas.: Himantia violascens Fries: Fr., current genus: Ceraceomyces.
Hypochnus violeus Quélet, 1883, C. r. Ass. fr. Avanc. Sci. 1882: 401, VP.
Hypochnus viridescens Bresadola & Torrend in Torrend, 1913, Brotéria, Bot. 11: 85, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Hypochnus viscosus (Persoon: Fr.) Bonorden, 1851, Handbuch prakt. Heilk. Ärtze Stud.: 159, VP; bas.: Corticium viscosum Persoon: Fr., cf. Corticium lividum Fr.
Hypochnus vitellinus Fries, 1838, Epicrisis Syst. mycol.: 570, VP.
Hypochnus weisseanus P.Hennings, 1902, Verh. bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb. 43: XII, VP.
Hypochnus zygodesmoides (Ellis) Burt, 1916, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 3: 236, VP; bas.: Thelephora zygodesmoides Ellis, current genus: Tomentellopsis.
Karstenia faginea Britzelmayr, 1897, Zur Hymenomycetenkunde III: 104, VP, belongs to Tomentella.
Karstenia pinophila Britzelmayr, 1897, Zur Hymenomycetenkunde III: 105, VP, belongs to Tomentella.
Lazulinospora cinnamomea Burdsall & Nakasone, 1981, Mycologia 73: 464, VP, cf. Trechispora.
Lazulinospora cyanea (Wakefield) Burdsall & M.J.Larsen, 1974, Mycologia 66: 99, VP; bas.: Hypochnus cyaneus Wakefield, current genus: Lazulinospora, Tomentella.
Lazulinospora wakefieldiae Burdsall & M.J.Larsen, 1974, Mycologia 66: 98, VP, current genus: Lazulinospora, Tomentella.
Lenzitella malenconii Ryvarden, 1991, Syn. Fung. 5: 174, INV, syn. of Lenzitopsis oxycedri Malençon & Bertault, current genus Tomentellago.
Lenzitopsis oxycedri Malençon & Bertault, 1963, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 79: 82, VP; current genus Tomentellago.
Merisma abietinum (Persoon: Fr.) Sprengel, 1826, Syst. Veg., ed. 16, 4: 495, VP; bas.: Clavaria abietina Persoon: Fr.
Merisma aciculare (Léveillé) Léveillé, 1846, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., III, 5: 158, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Lachnocladium aciculare Léveillé, cf. Clavaria dendroides Junghuhn.
Merisma angustatum Léveillé, 1846, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., III, 5: 158, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Ramaria.
Merisma anthocephala (Bulliard: Fr.) Swartz, 1811, K. Vetensk. Acad. nya Handl. 1811: 84, VP; bas.: Clavaria anthocephala Bulliard: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Merisma candidum Schweinitz, 1822, Schr. naturf. Ges. Leipzig 1: 110, VP, current genus: Tremellodendron.
Merisma capillare Léveillé, 1846, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., III, 5: 208, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Pterula. [p. 117]
Merisma caput‑medusae (Bulliard: Fr.) Sprengel, 1826, Syst. veg., ed. 16, 4: 496, VP; bas.: Clavaria caput‑medusae Bulliard: Fr.; syn. of: Hydnum erinaceus Bulliard: Fr., current genus: Hericium.
Merisma cauliflorum (Scopoli) Persoon, 1797, Comment. Fung. clavaef.: 96, VP; bas. Manina cauliflora Scopoli.
Merisma cinereum Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 157, VP.
Merisma cladonia Schweinitz, 1822, Schr. naturf. Ges. Leipzig 1: 110, VP, current genus: Tremellodendron.
Merisma clathroides (Pallas: Fr.) Sprengel, 1826, Syst. veg., ed. 16, 4: 496, VP; bas.: Hydnum clathroides Pallas: Fr., current genus: Hericium.
Merisma clavulare Fries, 1815, Obs. mycol. 1: 156, VP; syn. of: Clavaria anthocephala Bulliard: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Merisma columnare (Scopoli) Persoon, 1797, Comment. Fung. clavaef.: 95, VP; bas.: Manina columnaris Scopoli.
Merisma confluens (Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr.) Gillet, 1878, Champ. France, hyménomyc. 1:, VP; bas.: Boletus confluens Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr., current genus: Albatrellus.
Merisma coralloides (Scopoli: Fr.) Sprengel, 1826, Syst. veg., ed. 16, 4: 496, VP; bas.: Hydnum coralloides Scopoli: Fr., current genus: Hericium.
Merisma coriaceum (Bulliard) Nocca & Balbis, 1821, Fl. ticinensis: 343, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Clavaria coriacea Bulliard, syn. of Thelephora coralloides Fries fide Fries (1821).
Merisma crispum (Wulfen) Ehrenberg, 1818, Sylvae mycol. Berol.: 18, VP; bas.: Clavaria crispa Wulfen, cf. Sparassis.
Merisma cristatum Persoon: Fr., 1797, Comment. Fung. clavaef.: 96, VP; syn. of: Corticium incrustans Persoon: Fr., current genus: Sebacina.
Merisma dendroides (Junghuhn) Léveillé, 1846, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., III, 5: 158, VP; bas.: Clavaria dendroides Junghuhn, current genus: Aphelaria.
Merisma diffusum (Fries: Fr.) P.Karsten, 1881, Revue mycol., Toulouse 3(9): 23, VP; bas.: Thelephora palmata var. diffusa Fries, syn. of Clavaria palmata Scopoli, current genus: Thelephora.
Merisma divaricatum Léveillé, 1846, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., III, 5: 208, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Pterula.
Merisma fastidiosum Persoon: Fr., 1797, Comment. Fung. clavaef.: 97, VP, non Merisma foetidum (Scop.) Pers. 1797, current genus: Trechispora.
Merisma fimbriatum Schweinitz: Fr., 1822, Schr. naturf. Ges. Leipzig 1: 110, VP.
Merisma flabellare (Batsch: Fr.) Persoon, 1797, Comment. Fung. clavaef.: 93, VP; bas.: Clavaria flabellaris Batsch: Fr.; syn. of: Elvela caryophyllea Schaeffer: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Merisma foetidum Persoon, 1797, Comment. Fung. clavaef.: 93, VP, crypt. Fl. 1: 30 (no 45).
Merisma gracile (Persoon: Fr.) Sprengel, 1826, Syst. Veg., ed. 14, 4: 496, VP; bas.: Clavaria gracilis Persoon: Fr.
Merisma guadelupense Léveillé, 1846, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., III, 5: 157, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Ramaria.
Merisma hystrix (Persoon: Fr.) Sprengel, 1826, Syst. veg., ed. 16, 4: 496, VP; bas.: Hericium hystrix Persoon: Fr.; syn. of: Hydnum erinaceus Bulliard: Fr., current genus: Hericium.
Merisma implexum Léveillé in Zollinger, 1854, Syst. Verz. ind. Arch. no 1311, VP.
Merisma nigripes Schweinitz, 1822, Schr. naturf. Ges. Leipzig 1: 111 VP, cf. Xylaria.
Merisma palmatum (Scopoli) Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 157, VP; bas.: Clavaria palmata Scopoli, current genus: Thelephora.
Merisma penicillatum Persoon: Fr., 1797, Comment. Fung. clavaef.: 96, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Merisma pungens Léveillé, 1846, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., III, 5: 157, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Pterula. [p. 118]
Merisma pusillum Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 158, VP.
Merisma schweinitzii Léveillé, 1846, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., III, 5: 157, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Pterula.
Merisma serratum Persoon, 1797, Comment. Fung. clavaef.: 95, VP.
Merisma spathulatum Schweinitz, 1822, Schr. naturf. Ges. Leipzig 1: 110, VP, cf. Sparassis.
Merisma strictum (Persoon: Fr.) Sprengel, 1826, Syst. Veg., ed. 16, 4: 495, VP; bas.: Clavaria stricta Persoon: Fr., current genus: Ramaria.
Merisma strigosum Persoon, 1797, Comment. Fung. clavaef.: 94, VP.
Merisma tenax Léveillé, 1846, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., III, 5: 157, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Pterula.
Merisma tomentosum (Lamarck) Persoon, 1797, Comment. Fung. clavaef.: 95, VP; bas.: Clavaria tomentosa Lamarck, syn. of Thelephora palmata fide Fries.
Merisma truncatum Corda, 1854, Icon. sel. Fung. 5: 82, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Thelephora palmata Fr.
Merisma tuberosum Greville, 1825, Scott. crypt. Fl.: 178, VP, current genus: Aphelaria.
Merisma umbrinum Persoon: Fr., 1797, Comment. Fung. clavaef.: 94, VP, Syn. of Clavaria coriacea Bull. fide Persoon.
Merisma vermiculare Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 155, VP.
Phaeodon acer (Quélet) P.Hennings in Engler & Prantl, 1898, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 1(1): 149, VP; bas.: Hydnum acre Quélet; syn. of: Hydnum mirabile Fries, current genus: Hydnellum.
Phaeodon amarescens (Quélet) P.Hennings in Engler & Prantl, 1898, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 1(1): 149, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Hydnum amarescens Quélet.
Phaeodon aspratus (Berkeley) P.Hennings, 1898, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 1(1): 149, VP; bas.: Hydnum aspratum Berkeley in Cooke; syn. of: Hydnum imbricatum Linnaeus: Fr., current genus: Sarcodon.
Phaeodon atroviridis (Morgan) Earle in Mohr, 1901, Plant life of Alabama: 205, VP; bas.: Hydnum atroviride Morgan, current genus: Sarcodon.
Phaeodon aurantiacus (Batsch: Fr.) J.Schroeter in Cohn, 1888, Krypt.‑Fl. Schlesien 3(1): 459, VP; bas.: Hydnum suberosum var. aurantiacum Batsch: Fr., current genus: Hydnellum.
Phaeodon compactus (Persoon: Fr.) J.Schroeter in Cohn, 1888, Krypt.‑Fl. Schlesien 3(1): 459, VP; bas.: Hydnum compactum Persoon: Fr.; syn. of: Hydnum mirabile Fries, current genus: Hydnellum.
Phaeodon connatus (C.F.Schultz: Fr.) P.Hennings in Engler & Prantl, 1898, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 1(1): 149, VP; bas.: Hydnum connatum C.F.Schultz: Fr.; syn. of: Hydnum tomentosum Linnaeus: Fr., current genus: Phellodon.
Phaeodon fennicus (P.Karsten) P.Hennings in Engler & Prantl, 1898, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 1(1): 149, VP; bas.: Sarcodon scabrosus var. fennicus P.Karsten, current genus: Sarcodon.
Phaeodon ferrugineus (Fries: Fr.) J.Schroeter in Cohn, 1888, Krypt.‑Fl. Schlesien 1(1): 459, VP; bas.: Hydnum ferrugineum Fries: Fr., current genus: Hydnellum.
Phaeodon imbricatus (Linnaeus: Fr.) J.Schroeter in Cohn, 1888, Krypt.‑Fl. Schlesien 3(1): 460, VP; bas.: Hydnum imbricatum Linnaeus: Fr., current genus: Sarcodon.
Phaeodon mirabilis (Fries) P.Hennings in Engler & Prantl, 1898, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 1(1): 149, VP; bas.: Hydnum mirabile Fries, current genus: Hydnellum.
Phaeodon mollis (P.Karsten) P.Hennings in Engler & Prantl, 1898, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 1(1): 149, VP; bas.: Tyrodon mollis P.Karsten; syn. of: Hydnum violascens Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr., current genus: Bankera.
Phaeodon montellicus (Saccardo) P.Hennings in Engler & Prantl, 1898, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 1(1): 149, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Hydnum montellicum Saccardo, Hydnellum sp.
Phaeodon scabrosus (Fries) P.Hennings, 1898, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 1(1): 149, VP; bas.: Hydnum scabrosum Fries, current genus: Sarcodon.
Phaeodon scrobiculatus (Fries) P.Hennings, 1898, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 1(1): 148, VP; bas.: Hydnum scrobiculatum Fries, current genus: Hydnellum. [p. 119]
Phaeodon suaveolens (Scopoli: Fr.) J.Schroeter in Cohn, 1888, Krypt.‑Fl. Schlesien 3(1): 460, VP; bas.: Hydnum suaveolens Scopoli: Fr., current genus: Hydnellum.
Phaeodon subsquamosus (Batsch: Fr.) J.Schroeter in Cohn, 1888, Krypt.‑Fl. Schlesien 3(1): 460, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Hydnum subsquamosum Batsch: Fr.
Phaeodon thwaitesii (Berkeley & Broome) P.Hennings in Engler & Prantl, 1898, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 1(1): 149, VP; bas.: Hydnum thwaitesii Berkeley & Broome, current genus: Sarcodon.
Phaeodon uleanum P.Hennings, 1897, Hedwigia 36: 198, VP; syn. of: Hydnum pulcherrimum Berkeley & Curtis, current genus: Climacodon.
Phaeodon versipellis (Fries) P.Hennings in Engler & Prantl, 1898, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 1(1): 149, VP; bas.: Hydnum versipelle Fries, current genus: Sarcodon.
Phaeodon zonatus (Batsch) J.Schroeter in Cohn, 1888, Krypt.‑Fl. Schlesien 3(1): 458, VP; bas.: Hydnum zonatum Batsch, syn. of: Hydnum concrescens Persoon, current genus: Hydnellum.
Phellodon alboniger (Peck) Banker, 1906, Mem. Torrey. bot. Club 12: 167, VP; bas.: Hydnum albonigrum Peck; syn. of: Hydnum nigrum Fries: Fr., current genus: Phellodon.
Phellodon amicus (Quélet) Banker, 1913, Mycologia 5: 62, VP; bas.: Hydnum amicum Quélet; syn. of: Hydnum confluens Persoon, current genus: Phellodon.
Phellodon atratus K.A.Harrison, 1964, Can. J. Bot. 42: 1209, VP, current genus: Phellodon.
Phellodon brunneo‑olivaceus Coker & Beers, 1951, Stipitate Hydnums of eastern U.S.: 28, INV, nomen nudum; syn. of: Hydnum melaleucum Swartz: Fr. in Fries, current genus: Phellodon.
Phellodon brunneoroseus Snell, Dick & H.A.Jackson, 1956, Lloydia 19: 171, VP; syn. of: Hydnum melaleucum Swartz: Fr. in Fries, current genus: Phellodon.
Phellodon carnosus Banker, 1913, Mycologia 5: 65, VP; syn. of: Hydnum violascens Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr., current genus: Bankera.
Phellodon cokeri Banker in Coker, 1919, J. Elisha Mitchell sci. Soc. 34: 195, VP; syn. of: Hydnum putidum Atkinson, current genus: Phellodon.
Phellodon confluens (Persoon) Pouzar, 1956, Ceská Mykol. 10: 74, VP; bas.: Hydnum confluens Persoon, current genus: Phellodon.
Phellodon cyathiformis (Schaeffer: Fr.) P.Karsten, 1881, Revue mycol., Toulouse 3(9): 19, VP; bas.: Hydnum cyathiforme Schaeffer: Fr.; syn. of: Hydnum tomentosum Linnaeus: Fr., current genus: Phellodon.
Phellodon delicatus (Schweinitz) Banker, 1906, Mem. Torrey bot. Club 12: 173, VP; bas.: Hydnum delicatum Schweinitz; syn. of: Hydnum melaleucum Swartz: Fr., current genus: Phellodon.
Phellodon ellisianus Banker, 1906, Mem. Torrey bot. Club 12: 174, VP; syn. of: Hydnum melaleucum Swartz: Fr. in Fries, current genus: Phellodon.
Phellodon excentrimexicanus Baird, 1985, Mycotaxon 23: 298, VP, current genus: Phellodon, very close to Phellodon putidus (Atk.) Banker.
Phellodon fibulatus K.A.Harrison, 1972, Can. J. Bot. 50: 1219, VP, current genus: Phellodon.
Phellodon gracilis (Fries: Fr.) P.Karsten, 1882, Bidr. Känn. Finl. Nat. Folk 37: 96, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Hydnum laevigatum var. gracile Fries: Fr.
Phellodon graveolens (Persoon) Banker, 1906, Mem. Torrey bot. Club 12: 169, VP; bas.: Hydnum graveolens Persoon; syn. of: Hydnum melaleucum Swartz: Fr. in Fries, current genus: Phellodon.
Phellodon hesleri Coker, 1939, J. Elisha Mitchell scient. Soc. 55: 378, INV; syn. of: Hydnum putidum Atkinson, current genus: Phellodon.
Phellodon implicatus Baird & Khan, 1986, Brittonia 30: 180, VP, current genus: Phellodon.
Phellodon indicus Khara, 1978, Indian J. Mycol. Pl. Path. 7: 128, VP.
Phellodon maliensis (Lloyd) Maas Geesteranus, 1966, Proc. K. ned. Akad. Wet., C, 69: 34, VP; bas.: Hydnum maliense Lloyd, current genus: Phellodon.
Phellodon melaleucus (Swartz: Fr.) P.Karsten, 1881, Revue mycol., Toulouse 3(9): 19, VP; bas.: Hydnum melaleucum Swartz: Fr. in Fries, current genus: Phellodon. [p. 120]
Phellodon niger (Fries: Fr.) P.Karsten, 1881, Revue mycol., Toulouse 3(9): 19, VP; bas.: Hydnum nigrum Fries: Fr., current genus: Phellodon.
Phellodon nothofagi McNabb, 1971, N.Z. J. Bot. 9: 364, VP.
Phellodon plicatus (Lloyd) Maas Geesteranus, 1966, Proc. K. ned. Akad. Wet., C, 69: 321, VP; bas.: Hydnum plicatum Lloyd, current genus: Phellodon.
Phellodon putidus (Atkinson) Banker, 1906, Bull. Torrey bot. Club 12: 170, VP; bas.: Hydnum putidum Atkinson, current genus: Phellodon.
Phellodon radicatus Baird, 1985, Mycotaxon 23: 299, VP, current genus: Phellodon.
Phellodon rufipes Maas Geesteranus, 1971, Verh. K. ned. Akad. Wet., 2, 60(3): 39, VP, current genus: Phellodon, very close to Phellodon putidus (Atk.) Banker.
Phellodon sinclairii (Berkeley) G.H.Cunningham, 1958, Trans. R. Soc. N.Z. 85: 590, VP; bas.: Hydnum sinclairii Berkeley in Hooker, current genus: Phellodon.
Phellodon tenuis Baird, 1988, Nova Hedwigia 47: 429, VP, current genus: Phellodon.
Phellodon tomentosus (Linnaeus: Fr.) Banker, 1906, Mem. Torrey bot. Club 12: 171, VP; bas.: Hydnum tomentosum Linnaeus: Fr., current genus: Phellodon.
Phellodon vellereus (Peck) Banker, 1906, Mem. Torrey bot. Club 12: 168, VP; bas.: Hydnum vellereum Peck; syn. of: Hydnum confluens Persoon, current genus: Phellodon.
Phylacteria anthocephala (Bulliard: Fr.) Patouillard, 1887, Hymenomyc. Eur.: 154, VP; bas.: Clavaria anthocephala Bulliard: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Phylacteria atra (Weinmann) Bourdot, 1932, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 48: 222, VP; bas.: Thelephora atra Weinmann, current genus: Thelephora.
Phylacteria atrocitrina (Quélet) Patouillard, 1887, Hymenomyc. Eur.: 154, VP; bas.: Thelephora atrocitrina Quélet, current genus: Thelephora.
Phylacteria carbonaria (Velenovsky) Cejp, 1930, Mykologia 7: 112, VP; bas.: Thelephora carbonaria Velenovsky; syn. of: Thelephora undulata Fries: Fr., current genus: Cotylidia.
Phylacteria caryophyllea (Schaeffer: Fr.) Patouillard, 1887, Hymenomyc. Eur.: 154, VP; bas.: Elvela caryophyllea Schaeffer: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Phylacteria coralloides (Fries: Fr.) Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 121, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Thelephora coralloides Fries: Fr.
Phylacteria griseozonata (Cooke) Patouillard, 1900, Essai taxon. Hymenomyc.: 119, VP; bas.: Thelephora griseozonata Cooke, current genus: Thelephora, cf. Thelephora terrestris Ehrh.
Phylacteria intybacea (Persoon: Fr.) Patouillard, 1887, Hymenomyc. Eur.: 154, VP; bas.: Thelephora intybacea Persoon: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Phylacteria laciniata (Persoon: Fr.) Patouillard, 1887, Hymenomyc. Eur.: 154, VP; bas.: Stereum laciniatum Persoon: Fr.; syn. of: Thelephora terrestris Ehrhart: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Phylacteria mollissima (Persoon: Fr.) Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 124, VP; bas.: Thelephora mollissima Persoon: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Phylacteria multipartita (Schweinitz: Fr.) Patouillard, 1900, Essai taxon. Hymenomyc.: 119, VP; bas.: Thelephora multipartita Schweinitz: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Phylacteria palmata (Scopoli: Fr.) Patouillard, 1900, Essai taxon. Hymenomyc.: 119, VP; bas.: Clavaria palmata Scopoli: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Phylacteria spiculosa (Fries) Bourdot & Maire, 1920, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 36: 79, VP; bas.: Thelephora cristata var. spiculosa Fries: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Phylacteria terrestris (Ehrhart: Fr.) Patouillard, 1900, Essai taxon. Hymenomyc.: 119, VP; bas.: Thelephora terrestris Ehrhart: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Phylacteria uliginosa (Boudier) Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 126, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Thelephora uliginosa Boudier, cf. Thelephora atrocitrina Quélet.
Phylacteria varians Patouillard, 1923, Bull. Mus. nat. Hist. nat., Paris 29: 337, VP.
Phylacteria vialis (Schweinitz) Patouillard, 1900, Essai taxon. Hymenomyc.: 119, VP; bas.:Thelephora vialis Schweinitz, current genus: Thelephora. [p. 121]
Polyozellus multiplex (Underwood) Murrill, 1910, North American Flora 9: 171, VP; bas.: Cantharellus multiplex Underwood, current genus: Polyozellus.
Prillieuxia albida Rick, 1959, Iheringia 4: 121, VP.
Prillieuxia avellanea Rick, 1959, Iheringia 4: 121, VP.
Prillieuxia cinereoviolacea Rick, 1934, Brotéria, Cienc. nat. 3: 168, VP.
Prillieuxia cremoricolor Rick, 1934, Brotéria, Cienc. nat. 3: 168, VP.
Prillieuxia faginea (Britzelmayr) Saccardo & P.Sydow, 1899, Syll. Fung. 14: 225, VP; bas.: Karstenia faginea Britzelmayr, belongs to Tomentella.
Prillieuxia flavidula Rick, 1959, Iheringia 4: 121, VP.
Prillieuxia flavorubra Rick, 1959, Iheringia 4: 121, VP.
Prillieuxia grisea Rick, 1959, Iheringia 4: 121, VP.
Prillieuxia modesta Rick, 1959, Iheringia 4: 121, VP.
Prillieuxia pinophila (Britzelmayr) Saccardo & P.Sydow, 1899, Syll. Fung. 14: 225, VP; bas.: Karstenia pinophila Britzelmayr, belongs to Tomentella.
Prillieuxia setinosa Rick, 1959, Iheringia 4: 121, VP.
Prillieuxia spongiosa Rick, 1934, Brotéria, Cienc. nat. 3: 168, VP.
Pseudotomentella atrocyanea (Wakefield) Burdsall & M.J.Larsen, 1974, Mycologia 66: 97, VP; bas.: Tomentella atrocyanea Wakefield, current genera: Tomentella, Pseudotomentella.
Pseudotomentella atrofusca M.J.Larsen, 1971, Bull. Torrey bot. Club 98: 39, VP.
Pseudotomentella cyanea (Wakefield) Svrček, 1960, Sydowia 14: 173, VP; bas.: Hypochnus cyaneus Wakefield, current genera: Lazulinospora, Tomentella.
Pseudotomentella echinospora (Ellis) Svrček, 1958, Ceská Mykol. 12: 68, VP; bas.: Corticium echinosporum Ellis, current genus: Tomentellopsis.
Pseudotomentella flavovirens (Höhnel & Litschauer) Svrček, 1958, Ceská Mykol. 12: 68, VP; bas.: Tomentella flavovirens Höhnel & Litschauer, current genera: Pseudotomentella, Tomentella.
Pseudotomentella fumosa M.J.Larsen, 1983, Mycologia 75: 558, VP; very close to Pseudotomentella griseopergamacea M.J.Larsen, current genus: Pseudotomentella.
Pseudotomentella griseopergamacea M.J.Larsen, 1971, Bull. Torrey bot. Club 98: 38, VP, current genus: Pseudotomentella.
Pseudotomentella griseoveneta M.J.Larsen, 1974, Mycologia 66: 165, VP; very close to Pseudotomentella griseopergamacea M.J.Larsen, current genus: Pseudotomentella.
Pseudotomentella humicola M.J.Larsen, 1968, Mycologia 60: 547, VP, current genera: Pseudotomentella, Tomentella.
Pseudotomentella kaniksuensis M.J.Larsen, 1983, Mycologia 75: 560, VP, current genera: Pseudotomentella, Tomentella, very close to Tomentella flavovirens Höhnel & Litsch.
Pseudotomentella longisterigmata M.J.Larsen, 1967, Can. J. Bot. 45: 1298, VP, syn. of: Hypochnus subfuscus ssp. tristis P.Karsten, current genera: Pseudotomentella, Tomentella.
Pseudotomentella molybdaea M.J.Larsen, 1983, Mycologia 75: 556, VP; very close to Pseudotomentella griseopergamacea M.J.Larsen, current genus: Pseudotomentella.
Pseudotomentella mucidula (P.Karsten) Svrček, 1958, Ceská Mykol. 12: 68, VP; bas.: Hypochnus mucidulus P.Karsten, current genera: Pseudotomentella, Tomentella.
Pseudotomentella nigra (Höhnel & Litschauer) Svrček, 1958, Ceská Mykol. 12: 68, VP; bas.: Tomentella nigra Höhnel & Litschauer, current genera: Pseudotomentella, Tomentella.
Pseudotomentella submollis Svrček, 1958, Ceská Mykol. 12: 68, VP, based on Tomentella mollis (Fr.) sensu Bourdot & Galzin; non Thelephora mollis Fr., current genus: Tomentellopsis.
Pseudotomentella tristis (P.Karsten) M.J.Larsen, 1972, Nova Hedwigia 22: 613, VP; bas.: Hypochnus subfuscus ssp. tristis P.Karsten, current genera: Pseudotomentella, Tomentella.
Pseudotomentella umbrina (Fries: Fr.) M.J.Larsen, 1967, Can. J. Bot. 45: 1298, VP; bas.: Thelephora umbrina Fries: Fr.; syn. of: Hypochnus olivaceus Fries: Fr., current genus: Coniophora. [p. 122]
Pseudotomentella vepallidospora M.J.Larsen, 1967, Can. J. Bot. 45: 1299, VP, current genera: Pseudotomentella, Tomentella.
Pseudotomentella verrucispora (Bourdot & Galzin) Svrček, 1960, Sydowia 14: 173, VP; bas.: Tomentella verrucispora Bourdot & Galzin; syn. of Hypochnus mucidulus P.Karsten, current genera: Pseudotomentella, Tomentella.
Pseudotomentella viridiflava (Bourdot & Galzin) Svrček, 1960, Sydowia 14: 173, VP; bas.: Tomentella flavovirens ssp. viridiflava Bourdot & Galzin; syn. of: Corticium echinosporum Ellis, current genus: Tomentellopsis.
Pseudotomentella zygodesmoides (Ellis) Svrček, 1958, Ceská Mykol. 12: 68, VP; bas.: Thelephora zygodesmoides Ellis, current genus: Tomentellopsis.
Sarcodon abietinus Heim, 1943, Revue Mycol., Paris 8, Suppl. 1: 10, INV; syn. of: Hydnum repandum Linnaeus: Fr., current genus: Hydnum.
Sarcodon acer (Quélet) Quélet, 1886, Enchir. Fung.: 188, VP; bas.: Hydnum acre Quélet; syn. of: Hydnum mirabile Fries, current genus: Hydnellum.
Sarcodon aglaosoma Maas Geesteranus, 1976, Proc. K. ned. Akad. Wet., C, 79: 282, VP, current genus: Sarcodon, very close to Sarcodon joeides (Pass.) Bat.
Sarcodon alachuanus Murrill, 1940, Bull. Torrey bot. Club 67: 275, VP; syn. of: Hydnum caeruleum Hornemann, current genus: Hydnellum.
Sarcodon amarescens (Quélet) Quélet, 1882, C. r. Ass. fr. Avanc. Sci. 11: 13, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Hydnum amarescens Quélet.
Sarcodon amicus (Quélet) Quélet, 1886, Enchir. Fung.: 189, VP; bas.: Hydnum amicum Quélet; syn. of: Hydnum confluens Persoon, current genus: Phellodon.
Sarcodon armeniacus Maas Geesteranus, 1963, Nytt Mag. Bot. 10: 169, VP; syn. of: Hydnum martioflavum Snell, K.A.Harrison & Jackson, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon aspratus (Berkeley) S.Ito, 1955, Mycological Flora of Japan 2(4): 183, VP; bas.: Hydnum aspratum Berkeley in Cooke; syn. of: Hydnum imbricatum Linnaeus: Fr., current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon atroviridis (Morgan) Banker, 1906, Mem. Torrey bot. Club 12: 148, VP; bas.: Hydnum atroviride Morgan, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon bambusinus (Baker & Dale) Maas Geesteranus, 1974, Proc. K. ned. Akad. Wet., C, 77: 221, VP; bas.: Hydnum bambusinum Baker & Dale; syn. of: Hydnum atroviride Morgan, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon blackfordae (Peck) Banker, 1906, Mem. Torrey bot. Club 12: 142, VP; bas.: Hydnum blackfordae Peck; syn. of: Hydnum atroviride Morgan, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon brevipes Coker, 1959, J. Elisha Mitchell scient. Soc. 55: 375, INV, nomen nudum; syn. of: Sarcodon stereosarcinon Wehmeyer, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon bubalinus (Persoon) Maas Geesteranus, 1956, Fungus 26: 48, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Hydnum bubalinum Persoon, Sarcodon sp.
Sarcodon caliginosus Maas Geesteranus, 1974, Proc. K. ned. Akad. Wet., C, 77: 490, VP, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon calvatus (K.A.Harrison) K.A.Harrison, 1984, Mich. Botanist 23: 76, VP; bas.: Hydnum calvatum K.A.Harrison, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon candidus (Schmidt: Fr.) Quélet, 1886, Enchir. Fung.: 189, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Hydnum candidum Schmidt: Fr.
Sarcodon carbonarius (G.H.Cunningham) ex Maas Geesteranus, 1964, Persoonia 3: 157, VP, syn. of: Hydnum thwaitesii Berkeley & Broome, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon catalaunicus Maire, 1937, Publnes Inst. Bot., Barcelona 3: 34, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Hydnum fuligineoviolascens Kalchbr.
Sarcodon commutatus Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 109, VP; syn. of: Hydnum joeides Passerini, current genus: Sarcodon. [p. 123]
Sarcodon conchyliatus Maas Geesteranus, 1971, Verh. K. ned. Akad. Wet., 2, 60(3): 121, VP, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon cristatus (Bresadola) Coker, 1939, J. Elisha Mitchell scient. Soc. 55: 374, VP; bas.: Hydnum cristatum Bresadola, current genus: Hydnellum, Sarcodon.
Sarcodon cyanellus (K.A.Harrison) K.A.Harrison, 1984, Mich. Botanist 23: 76, VP; bas.: Hydnellum cyanellum K.A.Harrison.
Sarcodon cyrneus Maas Geesteranus, 1975, Persoonia 8: 166, VP, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon deltinum Heim, 1943, Revue Mycol., Paris 8, Suppl. 1: 10, VP.
Sarcodon dissimulans K.A.Harrison in Harrison & Grund, 1984, Mycotaxon 20: 95, VP, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon excentricus Coker & Beers, 1951, Stipitate Hydnums of eastern U.S.: 51, INV, no latin diagnosis.
Sarcodon excentricus Coker & Beers ex Baird, 1985, Mycotaxon 23: 301, VP, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon fennicus (P.Karsten) Karsten, 1887, Revue mycol., Toulouse 9: 10, VP; bas.: Sarcodon scabrosus var. fennicus P.Karsten, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon fragrans Chodat & Martin, 1889, Bull. Trav. Soc. bot. Genève 5: 222, VP, nomen dubium, Sarcodon sp.
Sarcodon fuligineo‑albus (Schmidt: Fr.) Quélet, 1886, Enchir. Fung.: 189, VP; bas.: Hydnum fuligineo‑album Schmidt in Kunze & Schmidt: Fr., current genus: Bankera.
Sarcodon fuligineoviolaceum (Kalchbrenner) Patouillard, 1900, Essai tax. Hym.: 118, VP; bas.: Hydnum fuligineoviolaceum Kalchbrenner in Fries, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon fumosus Banker, 1913, Mycologia 5: 16, VP; syn. of: Hydnum atroviride Morgan, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon fuscoindicus (K.A.Harrison) Maas Geesteranus, 1967, Persoonia 5: 10, VP; bas.: Hydnum fuscoindicum K.A.Harrison, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon glaucopus Maas Geesteranus & Nannfeldt, 1969, Svensk bot. Tidskr. 63: 407, VP, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon gracilis (Fries: Fr.) Quélet, 1886, Enchir. Fung.: 189, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Hydnum laevigatum var. gracile Fries: Fr.
Sarcodon gravis Coker, 1939, J. Elisha Mitchell scient. Soc. 55: 376, INV; syn. of: Hydnum suaveolens Scopoli: Fr., current genus: Hydnellum.
Sarcodon harrisoni Baird, 1985, Mycotaxon 23: 302, VP, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon humilis Maas Geesteranus, 1971, Verh. K. ned. Akad. Wet., 2, 60(3): 110, VP, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon ianthinus Maas Geesteranus, 1974, Proc. K. ned. Akad. Wet., C, 77: 491, VP, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon illudens Maas Geesteranus, 1976, Proc. K. ned. Akad. Wet., C, 79: 285, VP, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon imbricatus (Linnaeus: Fr.) P.Karsten, 1881, Revue mycol., Toulouse 3(9): 20, VP; bas.: Hydnum imbricatum Linnaeus: Fr., current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon inopinatus Donk, 1933, Meded. bot. Mus. Herb. Rijksuniv. Utrecht 9: 62, VP; syn. of: Hydnum joeides Passerini, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon joeides (Passerini) Bataille, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 39: 205, VP; bas.: Hydnum joeides Passerini, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon laevigatus (Swartz: Fr.) P.Karsten, 1881, Meddn Soc. Fauna Fl. fenn. 6: 16, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Hydnum laevigatum Swartz: Fr., cf. Hydnum violascens Albertini & Schweinitz; often confused with Hydnum leucopus Pers.
Sarcodon lanuginosus (K.A.Harrison) K.A.Harrison, 1984, Mich. Botanist 23: 76, VP; bas.: Hydnum lanuginosum K.A.Harrison, current genus: Sarcodon. [p. 124]
Sarcodon lepidus Maas Geesteranus, 1975, Verh. K. ned. Akad. Wet., 2, 65: 105, VP, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon leucopus (Persoon) Maas Geesteranus & Nannfeldt, 1969, Svensk bot. Tidskr. 63: 415, VP; bas.: Hydnum leucopus Persoon, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon lobatus Nikolajeva, 1964, Nov. Sist. niz. Rast.: 173, VP, cf. Bankera fuligineo-alba (Schmidt: Fr.) Coker & Beers ex Pouzar.
Sarcodon lundellii Maas Geesteranus & Nannfeldt, 1969, Svensk bot. Tidskr. 63: 421, VP, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon martioflavus (Snell, K.A.Harrison & Jackson) Maas Geesteranus, 1964, Persoonia 3: 164, VP; bas.: Hydnum martioflavum Snell, K.A.Harrison & Jackson in Snell & Dick, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon mediterraneus Ortega & Contu, 1990, Boln. Soc. micol. Madrid 15: 149, VP.
Sarcodon modestum (Snell & Dick) Baird, 1986, Bibl. mycol. 103: 54, VP; bas.: Hydnum modestum Snell & Dick, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon murrillii Banker, 1913, Mycologia 5: 15, VP; syn. of: Sarcodon underwoodii Banker, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon nigellus (K.A.Harrison) Maas Geesteranus, 1974, Proc. K. ned. Akad. Wet., C, 77: 224, VP; bas.: Hydnellum nigellum K.A.Harrison, current genus: Hydnellum.
Sarcodon piperatus Coker, 1939, J. Elisha Mitchell scient. Soc. 55: 373, INV.
Sarcodon piperatus (Coker ex Maas Geesteranus) K.A.Harrison, 1984, Mich. Botanist 23: 76, VP; bas.: Hydnellum piperatum Coker ex Maas Geesteranus, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon praestans Maas Geesteranus, 1974, Proc. K. ned. Akad. Wet., C, 77: 486, VP, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon procerus Maas Geesteranus, 1967, Bull. Jard. bot. nat. Belg. 37: 93, VP, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon pygmaeus (Yasuda) S.Ito, 1955, Mycological Flora of Japan 2(4): 184, VP; bas.: Hydnum pygmaeum Yasuda; syn. of: Hydnum melaleucum Swartz: Fr. in Fries, current genus: Phellodon.
Sarcodon quietus Maas Geesteranus, 1967, Bull. Jard. bot. nat. Belg. 37: 95, VP, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon radicatus Banker, 1913, Mycologia 5: 13, VP; syn. of: Sarcodon underwoodii Banker, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon regalis Maas Geesteranus, 1975, Verh. K. ned. Akad. Wet., 2, 65: 106, INV, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon regalis Maas Geesteranus, 1975, Persoonia 8: 166, VP, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon repandus (Linnaeus: Fr.) Quélet, 1886, Enchir. Fung.: 189, VP; bas.: Hydnum repandum Linnaeus: Fr., current genus: Hydnum.
Sarcodon reticulatus Banker, 1906, Mem. Torrey bot. Club 12: 139, VP; syn. of: Hydnum fuligineo‑album Schmidt: Fr. in Kunze & Schmidt, current genus: Bankera.
Sarcodon rimosus (K.A.Harrison) K.A.Harrison, 1984, Mich. Botanist 23: 76, VP; bas.: Hydnum rimosum K.A.Harrison, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon roseolus Banker, 1913, Mycologia 5: 16, VP; syn. of: Hydnum joeides Passerini, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon rutilus Maas Geesteranus, 1974, Proc. K. ned. Akad. Wet., C, 77: 487, VP, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon scabripes (Peck) Banker, 1906, Mem. Torrey bot. Club 12: 141, VP; bas.: Hydnum scabripes Peck, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon scabrosus (Fries) P.Karsten, 1881, Revue mycol., Toulouse 3(9): 20, VP; bas.: Hydnum scabrosum Fries, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon stereosarcinon Wehmeyer, 1940, Can. J. Res., C, 18: 102, VP, current genus: Sarcodon. [p. 125]
Sarcodon subfelleus (K.A.Harrison) K.A.Harrison, 1984, Mich. Botanist 23: 76, VP; bas.: Hydnum subfelleum K.A.Harrison, current genus: Sarcodon, cf. Sarcodon versipellis (Fr.) Nikol.
Sarcodon subincarnatus (K.A.Harrison) K.A.Harrison, 1984, Mich. Botanist 23: 76, VP; bas.: Hydnum subincarnatum K.A.Harrison; syn. of: Hydnum modestum Snell & Dick.
Sarcodon subsquamosus (Batsch: Fr.) P.Karsten, 1881, Revue mycol., Toulouse 3(9): 20, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Hydnum subsquamosum Batsch: Fr.
Sarcodon talpa Maas Geesteranus, 1967, Persoonia 5: 9, VP, based on Hydnum fuligineo‑violaceum Kalchbr. ss. Bres.; syn. of: Hydnum fuligineoviolaceum Kalchbrenner in Fries, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon thwaitesii (Berkeley & Broome) Maas Geesteranus, 1964, Persoonia 3: 185, VP; bas.: Hydnum thwaitesii Berkeley & Broome, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon underwoodii Banker, 1906, Mem. Torrey bot. Club 12: 147, VP, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon ussuriensis Nikolajeva, 1961, Bot. Mater. 14: 196, VP, current genus: Sarcodon, cf. Sarcodon versipellis (Fr.) Nikol.
Sarcodon ustalis (K.A.Harrison) K.A.Harrison, 1984, Mich. Botanist 23: 76, VP; bas.: Hydnum ustale K.A.Harrison, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon versipellis (Fries) Nikolajeva, 1961, Fl. Pl. crypt. URSS 6, Fungi: 283, VP; bas.: Hydnum versipelle Fries, current genus: Sarcodon.
Sarcodon violaceus (Thore) Quélet, 1894, C. r. Ass. fr. Avanc. Sci. 22: 488, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Hydnum violaceum Thore in Persoon.
Sarcodon violascens (Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr.) Quélet, 1883, C. r. Ass. fr. Avanc. Sci. 11: 399, VP; bas.: Hydnum violascens Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr., current genus: Bankera.
Sarcodon wrightii (Berkeley & Curtis) Maas Geesteranus, 1967, Proc. K. ned. Akad. Wet., C, 70: 70, VP; bas.: Hydnum wrightii Berkeley & Curtis, current genus: Sarcodon.
Scyphopilus caryophylleus (Schaeffer: Fr.) P.Karsten, 1881, Acta Soc. Fauna Fl. fenn. 2: 40, VP; bas.: Elvela caryophyllea Schaeffer: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora abietina Persoon: Fr., 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 573, VP, current genus: Columnocystis.
Thelephora acanthacea Léveillé, 1846, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., III, 5: 147, VP; syn. of: Thelephora radicans Berkeley, current genus: Stereopsis.
Thelephora accumbens Berkeley & Broome, 1875, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 64, VP.
Thelephora acerina (Persoon: Fr.) Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 581, VP; bas.: Corticium acerinum Persoon: Fr., current genus: Dendrothele.
Thelephora acroleuca Patouillard, 1898, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 14: 188, VP, current genus: Coralloderma.
Thelephora actinaeformis Berkeley, 1856, Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gdn Misc. 8: 239, VP; syn. of: Thelephora trachodes Berkeley.
Thelephora aculeata Berkeley & Curtis in Berkeley, 1873, Grevillea 1: 149, VP, current genus: Podoscypha.
Thelephora affinis Berkeley & Curtis, 1868, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 10: 329, VP, current genus: Cotylidia ; syn. of: Thelephora aurantiaca Persoon in Gaudichaud, current genus: Cotylidia.
Thelephora agglutinata Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 134, VP; syn. of: Thelephora quercina Persoon: Fr., current genus: Peniophora.
Thelephora albidobrunnea Schweinitz, 1832, Trans. Am. phil. Soc., n.s., 4: 166, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora albidocarnea Schweinitz, 1832, Trans. Am. phil. Soc., n.s., 4: 169, VP, cf. Asterostroma.
Thelephora albobadia Schweinitz: Fr., 1822, Schr. naturf. Ges. Leipzig 1: 108, VP, current genus: Peniophora.
Thelephora albomarginata Schweinitz in Berkeley, 1847, London J. Bot. 6: 324, VP; syn. of: Thelephora albobadia Schweinitz: Fr., current genus: Peniophora. [p. 126]
Thelephora albomarginata Martius, 1853, Abh. bayer. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Phys. Classe, 7: (not seen), ILL, non Thelephora albomarginata Schweinitz; cf. Phlebiopsis gigantea.
Thelephora alnea Fries: Fr., 1821, Syst. mycol. 1: 446, VP; syn. of: Thelephora galactina Fries.
Thelephora alta Corner, 1968, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 27: 37, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora alutacea Schrader ex J.F.Gmelin, 1792, Syst. nat., ed. 13, II, 2: 1441, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora alutacea Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 128, ILL, non Thelephora alutacea Schrader ex J.F.Gmelin 1792
Thelephora amansii Brondeau, 1892, Revue mycol., Toulouse 1892: 65, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Thelephora intybacea Fr.
Thelephora amboinensis Léveillé, 1844, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., III, 2: 207, VP, nomen dubium; current genus: Aphelaria, cf. Clavaria dendroides Junghuhn.
Thelephora americana Lloyd, 1915, Mycol. Writ. (Letter 59, Note 295): 4, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora amigenatscha P.Hennings, 1901, Bot. Jb. 30: 42, VP; syn. of: Stereum bolleanum Montagne, current genus: Podoscypha.
Thelephora amorpha (Persoon: Fr.) Fries, 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 183, VP; bas.: Peziza amorpha Persoon: Fr., current genus: Aleurodiscus.
Thelephora amphibolia Fries: Fr., 1815, Obs. mycol. 1: 150, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Hymenochaete.
Thelephora anastomosans Berkeley & Curtis, 1868, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 10: 329, VP; syn. of: Thelephora hartmannii Montagne, current genus: Hydnopolyporus.
Thelephora angustata (Léveillé) Fries, 1851, Acta R. Soc. Sci. Upsal., III, 1: 108, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Merisma angustatum Léveillé, cf. Ramaria.
Thelephora anthocephala (Bulliard: Fr.) Fries, 1821, Syst. mycol. 1: 433, VP; bas.: Clavaria anthocephala Bulliard: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora anthochroa Persoon: Fr., 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 576, ILL, nomen dubium, non T. anthochroa Fr. 1828.
Thelephora anthochroa Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 207, VP, non Th. antochroa Pers. 1801 nec Alb. & Schw. 1805.
Thelephora applanata Schrader ex J.F.Gmelin, 1792, Syst. nat., ed. 13, II, 2: 1441, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora arachnoidea Berkeley & Broome, 1875, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 64, VP.
Thelephora araneosa (Höhnel & Litschauer) Saccardo & Traverso, 1811, Syll. Fung. 20: 941, VP, bas.: Tomentella araneosa Höhnel & Litschauer, syn. of Merisma fastidiosum Persoon, current genus Trechispora.
Thelephora arbuscula Corner, 1968, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 27: 42, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora archeri Berkeley in Hooker, 1860, Bot. Antarctic Voy. III, Fl. Tasmaniae 2: 258, VP; syn. of: Clavaria pusio Berkeley, current genus: Pseudotremellodendron.
Thelephora areolata Chaillet in Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 190, VP, current genus: Amylostereum.
Thelephora arida Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1:, VP, current genus: Coniophora.
Thelephora aspera Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 153, VP; syn. of: Thelephora setigera Fries: Fr., current genus: Hyphoderma.
Thelephora atra Weinmann, 1836, Hymenomyc. Gasteromyc. ross.: 380, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora atramentaria (Rostrup) Saccardo, 1895, Syll. Fung. 11: 117, VP; bas.: Tomentella atramentaria Rostrup, current genus: Tomentella.
Thelephora atrata Swartz: Fr., 1806, Fl. Ind. occ. 3: 1933, VP.
Thelephora atrocitrina Quélet, 1875, Champ. Jura Vosges, II,: 15, VP, current genus: Thelephora. [p. 127]
Thelephora atrocoerulea Trog, 1832, Flora 15: 560, VP, syn. of Thelephora caerulea Schrader, current genus: Terana.
Thelephora atropurpurascens Berkeley & Broome, 1875, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 64, VP.
Thelephora atrovirens Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 202, VP, current genus: Byssocorticium.
Thelephora aurantia (Persoon) Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 576, VP, syn. of Thelephora aurantiaca Fries: Fr.
Thelephora aurantiaca Fries, 1821, nom. nov. for Thelephora aurantia Persoon) Persoon VP, current genus: Cotylidia.
Thelephora aurantiaca Persoon in Gaudichaud, 1827, Voy. Uranie: 176, ILL, non Thelephora aurantiaca (Pers.) Pers. 1801.
Thelephora aurantiotincta Corner, 1968, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 27: 44, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora aurea (Fries: Fr.) Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 142, VP; bas.: Hyochnus aureus Fr. , nomen dubium.
Thelephora avellana Fries: Fr., 1821, Syst. mycol. 1: 422, VP; syn. of: Auricularia tabacina Sowerby: Fr., current genus: Hymenochaete.
Thelephora bella Kunze, 1830, Flora 13: 370, VP.
Thelephora betulae Schumacher, 1803, Enum. Pl. Saell. 2: 396, VP; syn. of: Thelephora arida Fries: Fr., current genus: Coniophora.
Thelephora beyrichii Fries, 1830, Linnaea 5: 529, VP.
Thelephora bicolor Persoon: Fr., 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 568, VP, current genus: Laxitextum.
Thelephora bidentata Patouillard, 1897, Annls Jard. bot. Buitenz. suppl. 1: 115, VP; syn. of: Clavaria dendroides Junghuhn, current genus: Aphelaria.
Thelephora biennis DeCandolle: Fr., 18., Fl. franç. 2: 106, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Tomentella phylacteris (Bull.) Bourdot & Galzin.
Thelephora bolaris Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 138, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora bombycina Sommerfelt: Fr., 1826, Fl. lapponica suppl.: 284, VP, current genus: Hypochnicium.
Thelephora bondarzewii P.Karsten, 1912, Mitt. Forst. Versuchsw. Russl. 37: 45, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Thelephora terrestris.
Thelephora borneensis Corner, 1976, Nova Hedwigia 27: 339, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora botryoides Schweinitz, 1822, Schrift. naturf. Ges. Leipzig 1: 109, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Thelephora brasiliensis (P.Karsten) Saccardo, 1891, Syll. Fung. 9: 220, VP; bas.: Thelephorella brasiliensis P.Karsten, nomen dubium.
Thelephora brasiliensis (Rick) Rick, 1959, Iheringia 4: 63, ILL, non Thelephora brasiliensis (P.Karsten) Saccardo 1891; nomen dubium, bas.: Tomentella brasiliensis Rick.
Thelephora braunii P.Hennings, 1901, Bot. Jb. 30: 41, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora bresadolae P.Hennings, 1901, Bot. Jb. 30: 41, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Phellodon.
Thelephora brunneoviolacea Beeli, 1927, Bull. Soc. r. Bot. Belg. 59: 161, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora bucreas Sprengel, 1806, Fl. halensis, Tent. nov.: 380, VP.
Thelephora bufonia Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 578, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora byssoides Persoon: Fr., 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 577, VP, current genus: Amphinema.
Thelephora caerulea cf. Thelephora coerulea.
Thelephora caesiocarnea Britzelmayr, 1897, Zur Hymenomycetenkunde 3: 14, VP.
Thelephora caesia (Persoon: Fr.) Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 579, VP, nomen confusum; bas.: Corticium caesium Persoon: Fr.
Thelephora caespitulans Schweinitz, 1832, Trans. Am. phil. Soc., n.s., 4: 166, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Thelephora caryophyllea or Th. penicillata.
Thelephora calcea Persoon: Fr., 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 581, VP, current genus: Sebacina. [p. 128]
Thelephora candida (Schweinitz) Fries, 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 168, VP; bas.: Merisma candidum Schweinitz, current genus: Tremellodendron.
Thelephora candidissima Schweinitz, 1832, Trans. Am. phil. Soc., n.s., 4: 167, ILL, nomen superfluus, based on Thelephora candida Schw. 1822; syn. of: Merisma candidum Schweinitz, current genus: Tremellodendron.
Thelephora cantharella Schweinitz: Fr., 1822, Schr. naturf. Ges. Leipzig 1: 105, VP; syn. of: Merulius odoratus Schweinitz: Fr., current genus: Cantharellus.
Thelephora caperata Berkeley & Montagne, 1849, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., III, 11: 241, VP, current genus: Cymatoderma.
Thelephora capnodes Berkeley & Broome, 1875, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 63, VP.
Thelephora carbonaria Velenovsky, 1922, Ceske Houby 4‑5: 773, VP; syn. of: Thelephora undulata Fries: Fr., current genus: Cotylidia.
Thelephora cariosa Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 151, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora carnea J.F.Gmelin, 1792, Syst. nat., ed. 13, II, 2: 1441, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora carnosa Ehrenberg, 1818, Sylvae mycol. Berol.: 30, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora cartilaginea Fries, 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 165, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora caryophyllea (Schaeffer: Fr.) Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 565, VP; bas.: Elvela caryophyllea Schaeffer: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora castanea Schleicher, 1833, Mycogr. suisse 3: 216, ILL, non Thelephora castaneae Pers. 1822; syn. of: Thelephora disciformis DeCandolle: Fr., current genus: Aleurodiscus.
Thelephora castaneae Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 132, VP, cf. Odontia castaneae Bourdot & Galzin.
Thelephora centrifuga Weinmann, Hymenom. Gasterom. ross.: 392, VP.
Thelephora cerasi Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 125, VP, cf. Hymenochaete tabacina.
Thelephora cerberea Corner, 1966, Bull. Jard. bot. État Brux. 36: 278, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora cerebella Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 580, VP; syn. of: Thelephora puteana Schumacher: Fr.
Thelephora cervicornis Corner, 1968, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 27: 49, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora cervina Corner, 1968, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 27: 50, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora chailletii Persoon: Fr., 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 125, VP, current genus: Amylostereum.
Thelephora chalybaea (Persoon) Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 578, VP, as 'chalibaea'.
Thelephora chalybaea Bresadola & Schulzer, 1885, Hedwigia 24: 147, ILL, nomen dubium, non Thelephora chalybaea (Persoon) Persoon 1801.
Thelephora chartacea G.Meyer: Fr., 1818, Prim. Fl. esseq.: 305, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora ciliata Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 186, VP.
Thelephora cinerascens Schweinitz, 1822, Trans. Am. phil. Soc., n.s., 4: 167, VP, current genus: Lopharia.
Thelephora cinerea (Persoon: Fr.) Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 579, VP, non T. cinerea Fr. 1828; bas.: Corticium cinereum Persoon: Fr., current genus: Peniophora.
Thelephora cinerea Fries, 1828, Elenchus Fung.: 221, ILL, non Thelephora cinerea (Pers.: Fr.) Pers.
Thelephora cinerea (Bresadola) Saccardo, 1902, Syll. Fung. 16: 183, ILL, non Thelephora cinerea (Pers.: Fr.) Pers.
Thelephora cinnamomea Persoon: Fr., 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 141, VP, current genus: Hymenochaete.
Thelephora circinella Patouillard & Gaillard, 1888, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 4: 38, VP; syn. of: Thelephora hiscens Berkeley & Ravenel in Berkeley, current genus: Stereopsis.
Thelephora circinnata Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1:, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora citrina Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 136, VP, current genus: Vesiculomyces.
Thelephora cladonia (Schweinitz) Fries, 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 168, VP; bas.: Merisma cladonia Schweinitz, current genus: Tremellodendron. [p. 129]
Thelephora cladoniaeformis Velenovsky, 1922, Ceske Houby 4‑5: 771, VP; syn. of: Merisma penicillatum Persoon: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora clavarioides Torrend, 1914, Brotéria, Bot. 12: 61, VP, nomen dubium; cf. Lachnocladium moniliforme P.Hennings.
Thelephora clavarioides Rick, 1931, Egatea 16: 39, ILL, non Thelephora clavarioides Torrend 1914.
Thelephora clavularis Fries, 1838, Epicrisis Syst. mycol.: 537, VP, syn. of: Clavaria anthocephala Bulliard: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora coccinea Schweinitz, 1822, Schr. naturf. Ges. Leipzig 1: 107, VP, cf. Hypochnus rubrocinctus Fr.
Thelephora coccinea Junghuhn, 1839, Verh. Batav. Gen. 17: 36, ILL, non Thelephora coccinea Schw.
Thelephora coerulea Schrader: Fr. in DeCandolle, 1806, Fl. Gall. 2: 107, VP, current genus: Terana.
Thelephora comedens Nees: Fr., 1816, Syst. Pilze Schwämme: 239, VP, current genus: Vuilleminia.
Thelephora commersonii Léveillé, 1844, Ann. Sci. nat., III, 2: 208, VP.
Thelephora complicata Fries, 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 179, VP; current genus: Stereum.
Thelephora concentrica Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr., 1805, Consp. Fung. Lusat.: 279, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Athelia.
Thelephora conchata Fries: Fr., 1821, Syst. Mycol. 1: 438, VP, cf. Stereum.
Thelephora concrescens Fries in Lehmann, 1847, Pl. preissianae 2: 136, VP, nomen dubium, Thelephora sp.
Thelephora confluens Fries: Fr., 1815, Obs. mycol. 1: 152, VP, current genera: Radulomyces, Cerocorticium.
Thelephora congesta Berkeley, 1872, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 13: 168, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora conspersa Fries, 1830, Linnaea 5: 529, VP.
Thelephora contorta P.Karsten, 1868, Not. Sällsk. Fauna Flora fenn. Förh. 9: 368, VP; syn. of: Merisma tuberosum Greville, current genus: Aphelaria.
Thelephora convoluta Velenovsky, 1939, Novit. mycol.: 167, VP; syn. of: Elvela caryophyllea Schaeffer: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora coralloides Fries: Fr., 1821, Syst. Mycol. 1: 432, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora corbiformis Fries, 1851, Acta R. Soc. Sci. Upsal., III, 1: 108, VP, nomen dubium, belongs to Podoscypha, but type material is abnormal and immature.
Thelephora coriacea Fries: Fr., 1821, Syst. Mycol. 1: 432, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Thelephora palmata Fr.
Thelephora corium Persoon: Fr., 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 574, VP, current genus: Meruliopsis.
Thelephora corium Fries, 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 58, ILL, non T. corium Pers.: Fr., but taxonomically the same species; syn. of: Thelephora corium Persoon: Fr., current genus: Meruliopsis.
Thelephora cornucopioides Fries, 1851, Acta R. Soc. Sci. Upsal., III, 1: 107, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora corrugata Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1:, VP, current genus: Hymenochaete.
Thelephora corticalis (Bulliard) DeCandolle, 1806, Fl. franç. 2: 106, VP; bas.: Auricularia corticalis Bulliard.
Thelephora coryli Schleicher, 1821, Cat. Pl. Helv.: 59, ILL, non Thelephora coryli (Pers.) Pers. 1801.
Thelephora coryli (Persoon) Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 150, VP, as 'corylae', nomen dubium; bas.: Stereum coryli Persoon.
Thelephora craspedia Fries, 1851, Acta R. Soc. Sci. Upsal., III, 1: 108, VP; syn. of: Polyporus fimbriatus Fries: Fr., current genus: Hydnopolyporus.
Thelephora crassa Léveillé, 1844, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., III, 2: 209, VP, current genus: Lopharia.
Thelephora crassitexta Corner, 1968, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 27: 51, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora cretacea Fries, 1815, Obs. mycol. 1: 153, VP. [p. 130]
Thelephora cretacea Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 150, INV, non Thelephora cretacea Fr. 1815, cf. Grandinia papillosa Fr.
Thelephora crinita Fries, 1830, Linnaea 5: 530, VP.
Thelephora crispa Persoon: Fr., 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 568, VP.
Thelephora cristata (Persoon: Fr.) Fries, 1821, Syst. mycol. 1: 434, VP; bas.: Merisma cristatum Persoon: Fr.; syn. of: Corticium incrustans Persoon: Fr., current genus: Sebacina.
Thelephora cristatella Berkeley & Broome, 1875, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 63, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora crocata Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1:, VP; syn. of: Auricularia tabacina Sowerby: Fr.
Thelephora crocea Schrader ex J.F.Gmelin, 1792, Syst. nat., ed. 13, II, 2: 1441, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora cruenta Persoon: Fr., 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 575, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora crustacea Schumacher: Fr., 1803, Enum. Pl. Saell. 2: 399, VP, current genus: Theleph0ra.
Thelephora crustosa Lloyd, 1923, Mycol. Writ. 7: 1196, VP; syn. of: Thelephora terrestris Ehrhart: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora cuticularis Berkeley, 1847, London J. Bot. 6: 324, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora cyanescens Fée, 1837, Essai Crypt. Ecorces exot. off. II (suppl.): 14, VP.
Thelephora cyathiformis Fries, 1830, Linnaea 5: 523, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora cyclothelis Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 149, VP.
Thelephora cylindrica Corner, 1968, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 27: 54, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora dactylites Corner, 1968, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 27: 54, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora damaecornis (Link: Fr.) Fries, 1830, Linnaea 5: 524, VP; bas.: Stereum damaecorne Link: Fr., index, current genus: Hymenochaete.
Thelephora decolorans Berkeley & Curtis, 1868, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 10: 328, VP, nomen confusum.
Thelephora decorticans Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 137, VP; syn. of: Thelephora comedens Nees: Fr., current genus: Vuilleminia.
Thelephora dendritica Persoon in Gaudichaud, 1827, Voy. Uranie: 176, VP, current genus: Cymatoderma.
Thelephora dendroidea (Berkeley & Curtis) Cooke, 1880, Grevillea 8: 150, VP; bas.: Hymenochaete dendroidea Berkeley & Curtis.
Thelephora dendroides (Junghuhn) Léveillé, 1844, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., III, 2: 209, VP; bas.: Clavaria dendroides Junghuhn, current genus: Aphelaria.
Thelephora dentosa Berkeley & Curtis, 1868, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 10: 329, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora dewevrei Bresadola, 1899, Bull. Soc. r. Bot. Belg. 38: 156, VP; syn. of Clavaria angulispora Patouillard & Gaillard, current genus: Scytinopogon.
Thelephora diamesa Ricker, 1906, Philipp. J. Sci. 1 (Suppl. 4): 284, VP; syn. of: Craterellus aureus Berkeley & Curtis, current genus: Craterellus.
Thelephora diaphana Schrader, 1794, Spic. Fl. germ. 1: 186, VP.
Thelephora diaphana Schweinitz in Berkeley & Curtis, 1854, J. Acad. nat. Sci. Philad., II, 2: 278, ILL, non Thelephora diaphana Schrader.
Thelephora dichroa Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 133, VP, current genus: Steccherinum.
Thelephora dictyodes Berkeley & Broome, 1875, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 63, VP.
Thelephora diffusa (Fries) Fries, 1838, Epicrisis Syst. mycol.: 537, VP; bas.: Thelephora palmata var. diffusa, syn. of Thelephora palmata Fries: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora digitata Fries, 1838, Epicrisis Syst. mycol.: 537, VP; syn. of: Clavaria anthocephala Bulliard: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora disciformis DeCandolle in Lamarck: Fr., 1815, Flore franç. ed. 3, 6: 31, VP, current genus: Aleurodiscus.
Thelephora discoidea Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 127, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Aleurodiscus. [p. 131]
Thelephora discolor Zollinger, 1847, Flora 30: 303, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora dispersa Schleicher, 1821, Cat. Pl. Helv.: 59, VP.
Thelephora dissecta Léveillé, 1846, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., III, 5: 146, VP; syn. of: Thelephora hartmannii Montagne, current genus: Hydnopolyporus.
Thelephora dolosa Léveillé, 1844, Ann. Sci. nat., III, 2: 209, VP; cf. Gloeoporus conchoides.
Thelephora domestica (Persoon: Fr.) Fries, 1821, Syst. Mycol. 1: 451, VP; bas.: Himantia domestica Persoon: Fr.; syn. of: Boletus lacrimans Wulfen: Fr. in Jacquin, current genus: Serpula.
Thelephora dryina Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 152, VP, current genus: Dendrothele.
Thelephora dubia Lloyd, 1922, Mycol. Writ. 7: 1114, VP; syn. of: Thelephora radicans Berkeley, current genus: Stereopsis.
Thelephora effusa D.Dietrich, 1859, Arch. Naturk. Liv.- Ehst- Kurlands II, 1: 528, VP, cf. Chondrostereum purpureum.
Thelephora effusa (Brefeld) Saccardo, 1888, Syll. Fung. 6: 541, ILL, non Thelephora effusa D.Dietrich; bas.: Exidiopsis effusa Brefeld, cf. Sebacina uvida (Fr.) Bourdot & Galzin.
Thelephora elegans Meyer: Fr., 1818, Prim. Fl. Esseq.: 305, VP, nomen dubium, belongs to Podoscypha, probably P. petalodes.
Thelephora epidermea Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 136, VP; syn. of: Thelephora comedens Nees: Fr., current genus: Vuilleminia.
Thelephora epiphylla (Persoon: Fr.) Fries, 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 226, VP; bas.: Athelia epiphylla Persoon, current genus: Athelia.
Thelephora episphaeria Schweinitz in Fries, 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 226, VP, cf. Hymenochaete episphaeria (Schw.) Massee.
Thelephora eradians Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 195, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora erebia Corner, 1968, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 27: 55, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora ericetorum Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 135, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora evolvens Fries: Fr., 1815, Obs. mycol. 1: 154, VP; syn. of: Corticium laeve Persoon: Fr., current genus: Cylindrobasidium.
Thelephora exigua Peck, 1902, Bull. N.Y. St. Mus. 54: 953, VP; syn. of: Thelephora undulata Fries: Fr., current genus: Cotylidia.
Thelephora exsculpta Berkeley, 1872, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 13: 168, VP.
Thelephora fallax Persoon: Fr., 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 574, VP; syn. of: Thelephora incarnata Persoon: Fr., current genus: Peniophora.
Thelephora fasciata Schweinitz, 1822, Schr. naturf. Ges. Leipzig 1: 106, VP; syn. of: Thelephora ostrea Blume & Nees, current genus: Stereum.
Thelephora fastidiosa (Persoon: Fr.) Fries, 1821, Syst. mycol. 1: 435, VP; bas.: Merisma fastidiosum Persoon: Fr., current genus: Trechispora.
Thelephora ferruginea Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 569, ILL, non Thelephora ferruginea (Persoon) Persoon) 1801: 578, syn. of Auricularia tabacina Sowerby: Fr. fide Fries 1821: 437; current genus: Hymenochaete.
Thelephora ferruginea (Persoon: Fr.) Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 578, VP; bas.: Corticium ferrugineum Persoon, current genus: Tomentella.
Thelephora ferruginea (Bulliard) St.‑Amans, 1821, Flore agenaise: 543, ILL, non Thelephora ferruginea Persoon 1801; bas.: Auricularia ferruginea Bulliard, current genus: Hymenochaete.
Thelephora ferruginosa Schrader ex J.F.Gmelin, 1792, Syst. nat., ed. 13, II, 2: 1441, ILL, non Thelephora ferruginosa Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr. nomen dubium.
Thelephora ferruginosa Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr., 1805, Consp. Fung. Lusat.: 280, VP.
Thelephora filamentosa Berkeley & Curtis in Berkeley, 1873, Grevillea 1: 148, VP.
Thelephora fimbriata Schweinitz, 1822, Schr. naturf. Ges. Leipzig 1: 110, VP; syn. of: Merisma penicillatum Persoon: Fr., current genus: Thelephora. [p. 132]
Thelephora fimbriata Roth, 1800, Catalecta bot. 2, ILL, non Thelephora fimbriata Schweinitz, syn. of Thelephora coerulea Schrader, current genus: Terana.
Thelephora fimbriata Sommerfelt, 1826, Fl. lapponica, suppl.: 282, ILL, non Thelephora fimbriata Schweinitz, cf. Phlebiopsis gigantea.
Thelephora fissa P.Hennings, 1897, Hedwigia 36: 193, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Hydnopolyporus fimbriatus.
Thelephora fissilis Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 133, VP, cf. Corticium laeve Pers.
Thelephora flabellaris (Batsch: Fr.) Fries, 1821, Syst. Mycol. 1: 433, VP; bas.: Clavaria flabellaris Batsch: Fr., syn. of: Elvela caryophyllea Schaeffer: Fr., current genus: Thelephora
Thelephora flabelliformis Fries, 1851, Acta R. Soc. Sci. Upsal., III, 1: 229, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Podoscypha.
Thelephora flocculenta Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1:, VP, current genus: Cytidia.
Thelephora floridana Ellis & Everhart, 1886, J. Mycol. 2: 37, VP; syn. of: Sporotrichum badium Link, current genus: Tomentella.
Thelephora floridea Berkeley & Broome, 1875, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 64, VP.
Thelephora foetida Ehrenberg: Fr., 1818, Sylvae mycol. Berol.: 30, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora fragilis Corner, 1968, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 27: 56, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora fraxinea Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 145, VP; syn. of: Thelephora limitata Chaillet ex Fries: Fr., current genus: Peniophora.
Thelephora friesii Léveillé in Zollinger, 1854, Syst. Verz. ind. Arch. 17, VP; syn. of: Thelephora papyracea Junghuhn, current genus: Lopharia.
Thelephora friesii Grognot, 1863, Pl. crypt. cell. Dept. Saone-et-Loire: , ILL, non Thelephora friesii Léveillé.
Thelephora frondescens Fries: Fr., 1821, Syst. Mycol. 1: 436, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora frondosa Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 110, VP.
Thelephora frustulata Persoon: Fr., 1801, Syn. Fung.: 577, VP, current genus: Xylobolus.
Thelephora fucoides Corner, 1968, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 27: 58, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora fuliginosa Schleicher, 1821, Cat. Pl. Helv.: 60, VP.
Thelephora fuliginosa Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 145, ILL, non Thelephora fuliginosa Schleicher 1821, nomen dubium.
Thelephora fulva Léveillé, 1846, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., III, 5: 149, VP.
Thelephora fumosa (Fries) Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 147, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Hypochnus fumosus Fries, probably Phlebia vaga Fries.
Thelephora funalis Léveillé, 1844, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., III, 2: 208, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Clavaria dendroides Junghuhn.
Thelephora fusca Schrader in Gmelin, 1792, Syst. nat., ed. 13, II, 2: 1441, ILL, non Thelephora fusca (Pers.): Fr.; syn. of: Thelephora bicolor Persoon: Fr., current genus: Laxitextum.
Thelephora fusca (Persoon: Fr.) Fries, 1821, Syst. mycol. 1: 451, VP; bas.: Corticium fuscum Persoon: Fr.; syn. of: Corticium ferrugineum Persoon, current genus Tomentella.
Thelephora fuscella (Cesati) Lloyd, 1923, Mycol. Writ. 7: 1228, VP, Lloyd indentified his material as Thelephora multipartita f. fuscella Cesati, but considered it at the same time as a form of Thelephora palmata; based on material collected by Lloyd; probably not conspecific with original material of Cesati; bas.: Thelephora multipartita f. fuscella Cesati, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora fuscocinerea Persoon: Fr., 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 114, VP, current genera: Tomentella, Tomentellastrum.
Thelephora fuscopallida (Junghuhn) Saccardo, 1888, Syll. Fung. 6: 536, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Himantia fuscopallida Junghuhn.
Thelephora fuscopurpurea Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 142, VP, cf. Hymenochaete fuliginosa (Pers.) Lév.
Thelephora fuscoviolascens Montagne, 1847, Ann. Sci. nat. III, 7: VP. [p. 133]
Thelephora galactina Fries, 1851, Nova Acta R. Soc. Scient. upsal., III, 1: 136, VP, current genus: Scytinostroma.
Thelephora ganbajun Zang, 1987, Acta bot. yunnan. 9: 85, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora gausapata Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 171, VP, current genus: Stereum.
Thelephora gelatinoidea Lloyd, 1919, Mycol. Writ. 6: 890, VP; syn. of: Thelephora japonica Yasuda in Lloyd, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora gelatinosa Sauter, 1876, Hedwigia 15: 152, VP; cf. Phlebiopsis gigantea
Thelephora gelidioides Corner, 1968, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 27: 63, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora gigantea Fries: Fr., 1815, Obs. mycol. 1: 152, VP, current genus: Phlebiopsis.
Thelephora glabra Léveillé, 1846, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., III, 5: 147, VP, current genus: Inflatostereum.
Thelephora glabrata Sprengel: Fr., 1820, Vetensk. Akad. Handl.: 51, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora glauca (Patouillard) Saccardo, 1895, Syll. Fung. 11: 117, VP; bas.: Sebacina glauca Patouillard.
Thelephora glebulosa Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 148, VP, current genus: Tubulicrinis.
Thelephora gracilis Peck, 1898, Bull. Torrey bot. Club 25: 371, VP.
Thelephora granosa Berkeley & Curtis, 1873, Grevillea 1: 149, VP; syn. of: Thelephora botryoides Schweinitz, current genus: Tomentella.
Thelephora granulosa Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 576, ILL, non Thelephora granulosa Fr.: Fr.
Thelephora granulosa Fries: Fr., 1821, Syst. mycol. 1: 446, VP.
Thelephora grisea Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 149, VP, current genus: Sebacina.
Thelephora grisea Schweinitz, 1822, Schr. naturf. Ges. Leipzig 1: 106, ILL, non Thelephora grisea Pers. 1822.
Thelephora griseozonata Cooke, 1891, Grevillea 19: 104, VP, current genus: Thelephora, cf. Thelephora terrestris Ehrh.
Thelephora hartmannii Montagne, 1843, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., II, 20: 366, VP, current genus: Hydnopolyporus.
Thelephora helvelloides Schweinitz, 1822, Schr. naturf. Ges. Leipzig 1: 108, VP, current genus: Sebacina.
Thelephora helvola Saccardo & Sydow in Saccardo, 1899, Syll. Fung. 14: 215, VP, nomen dubium, non Thelephora liliputiana Montagne 1840.
Thelephora helvetica Saccardo & Sydow in Saccardo, 1899, Syll. Fung. 14: 214, VP, nomen novum for Thelephora pallida Otth.
Thelephora hepatica Fries: Fr., 1821, Syst. Mycol. 1:, VP, cf. Stereum.
Thelephora hirsuta Willdenow: Fr., 1787, Fl. Berol. Prodr.: 397, VP, as 'Thaelaephora '; current genus: Stereum.
Thelephora hirneoloides (Patouillard) Saccardo, 1895, Syll. Fung. 11: 117, VP; bas.: Sebacina hirneoloides Patouillard.
Thelephora hiscens Berkeley & Ravenel in Berkeley, 1873, Grevillea 1: 148, VP, current genus: Stereopsis.
Thelephora hisingeri (P.Karsten) Saccardo, 1891, Syll. Fung. 9: 220, VP; bas.: Polyozus hisingeri P.Karsten, current genus: Clavulinopsis.
Thelephora hoehneliana Bresadola, 1907, Denkschr. Akad. Wiss., Wien, Math.‑nat. Kl. 83: 10, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Thelephora.
Thelephora hydnoidea (Persoon: Fr.) Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 576, VP; bas.: Corticium hydnoideum Persoon: Fr.; syn. of: Radulum laetum Fries: Fr., current genus: Peniophora.
Thelephora illinita Wallroth, 1833, Fl. Crypt. Germ. 2: 564, VP.
Thelephora imbricatula Schweinitz, 1832, Trans. Am. phil. Soc., n.s., 4: 166, VP; syn. of: Auricularia tabacina Sowerby: Fr.
Thelephora incarnata Persoon: Fr., 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 573, VP, current genus: Peniophora. [p. 134]
Thelephora incrustans (Persoon: Fr.) Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 577, VP; bas.: Corticium incrustans Persoon: Fr., current genus: Sebacina.
Thelephora indigo Schweinitz, 1822, Schr. naturf. Ges. Leipzig 1: 107, VP, cf. Corticium caeruleum Fr.
Thelephora infundibuliformis Hooker in Kunth, 1822, Syn. Pl. 1: 12, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora insinuans Schweinitz, 1832, Trans. Am. phil. Soc., n.s., 4: 167, VP; syn. of: Thelephora pallescens Schweinitz.
Thelephora intybacea Persoon: Fr., 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 567, VP, sanctioned at the same time as T. mollissima, but here rejected, because of the added comment 'species dubia'; syn. of: Thelephora mollissima Persoon: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora investiens Corner, 1968, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 27: 66, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora isabellina (Fries: Fr.) Fries, 1838, Epicrisis Syst. mycol.: 544, VP; bas.: Hypochnus isabellinus Fries, current genus: Botryohypochnus.
Thelephora japonica Yasuda in Lloyd, 1916, Mycol. Writ.: 597, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora juniperina Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1:, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora juratensis Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 125, VP, fide Pilát: syn. of: Auricularia tabacina Sowerby: Fr., current genus: Hymenochaete.
Thelephora komabensis P.Hennings, 1902, Bot. Jb. 31: 736, VP, current genus: Cotylidia.
Thelephora küttlingerii Martius: Fr., 1817, Fl. crypt. erlangensis: 396, VP.
Thelephora laciniata (Persoon: Fr.) Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 567, VP; bas.: Stereum laciniatum Persoon: Fr.; syn. of: Thelephora terrestris Ehrhart: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora lactea Schrader, 1794, Spic. Fl. germ. 1: 186, ILL, non Thelephora lactea Fr.: Fr.
Thelephora lactea Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 581, ILL, non Thelephora lactea Fr.: Fr.
Thelephora lactea Fries: Fr., 1821, Syst. Mycol. 1: 452, VP, nomen dubium, non Thelephora lactea Schrader.
Thelephora lactea Patouillard, 1923, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 39: 47, ILL, non Thelephora lactea Fr. 1821; syn. of: Clavaria angulispora Patouillard & Gaillard, current genus: Scytinopogon.
Thelephora lactescens Berkeley in Smith, 1836, English Flora V, 2: 169, VP, current genus: Gloeocystidiellum.
Thelephora laevigata Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 224, VP, current genus: Amylostereum.
Thelephora laevis (Persoon: Fr.) Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 575, VP; bas.: Corticium laeve Persoon: Fr., current genus: Cylindrobasidium.
Thelephora lamellata Berkeley & Curtis, 1851, Am. J. Sci., II, 11: 94, VP, recognized as var. lamellata by Reid 1965; syn. of: Thelephora dendritica Persoon in Gaudichaud, current genus: Cymatoderma.
Thelephora lateritia Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 139, VP, cf. Peniophora incarnata (Fr.) Karsten.
Thelephora lateritia (Patouillard) Saccardo , 1895, Syll. Fung. 11: 117, INV, non Thelephora lateritia Persoon; bas.: Tomentella lateritia Patouillard, current genus: Tomentella.
Thelephora laurocerasi Berkeley in Smith, 1836, English Flora V, 2: 173, VP; syn. of Stereum rugosum Pers.: Fr., current genus: Stereum.
Thelephora laxa Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 143, ILL, nomen dubium, non Thelephora laxa Fries 1828, cf. Aleurodiscus amorphus.
Thelephora laxa Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 196, VP.
Thelephora leichhardtiana Léveillé, 1846, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., III, 5: 148, VP; syn. of: Thelephora ostrea Blume & Nees, current genus: Stereum.
Thelephora leproides Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 140, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora leprosa Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung.: 173, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora letendreana (Patouillard) Saccardo, 1888, Syll. Fung. 6: 541, VP; bas.: Sebacina letendreana Patouillard; syn. of: Thelephora calcea Persoon, current genus: Sebacina. [p. 135]
Thelephora leucobryophila P.Hennings, 1898, Verh. bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb. 39: XCVI, VP, current genus: Mycolindtneria.
Thelephora leucocoma Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 151, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Thelephora limitata Fr.
Thelephora lichenicola Berkeley & Broome, 1875, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 64, VP.
Thelephora lilacea J.F.Gmelin, 1792, Syst. nat., ed. 13, II, 2:1440, ILL, nomen novum for lilacina Batsch, nomen superfluus.
Thelephora lilacina (Batsch) Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 572, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Elvela lilacina Batsch.
Thelephora lilacina Schweinitz, 1832, Trans. Am. phil. Soc., n.s., 4: 168, ILL, non Thelephora lilacina (Pers.) Pers. 1801, cf. Peniophora cinerea (Fr.) Cooke.
Thelephora liliputiana Montagne, 1840, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., II, 13: 205, VP; syn. of Isaria flabelliformis (Schweinitz) Lloyd.
Thelephora liliputiana Spegazzini, 1889, Boln Acad. nac. Cienc. Córdoba 11: 80, ILL, non Thelephora liliputiana Mont. 1840, nomen dubium; syn. of: Thelephora helvola Saccardo & Sydow in Saccardo.
Thelephora limitata Chaillet ex Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 222, VP, current genus: Peniophora.
Thelephora livescens (Bresadola) Saccardo & Sydow, 1904, Syll. Fung. 14: 183, VP, bas.: Sebacina livescens Bresadola.
Thelephora livida (Persoon: Fr.) Fries, 1818, Obs. mycol. 2: 276, VP; bas.: Corticium lividum Persoon: Fr., current genus: Phlebia.
Thelephora lobata Kunze, 1827, Weigelt exsicc., VP; syn. of: Thelephora ostrea Blume & Nees, current genus: Stereum.
Thelephora lugubris Rick, 1931, Egatea 16: 39, VP.
Thelephora luteobadia Fries, 1930, Linnaea 5:, VP, cf. Hymenochaete.
Thelephora luteocincta Berkeley, 1872, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 13: 168, VP; syn. of: Thelephora puteana Schumacher: Fr.
Thelephora lutescens Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 116, VP.
Thelephora lutosa Schweinitz, 1832, Trans. Am. phil. Soc., n.s., 4: 166, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora luzonensis (Bresadola) Bresadola, 1926, Stud. Trent. II, 7: 11, VP; bas.: Thelephora caryophyllea var. luzonensis Bresadola.
Thelephora lycii Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 148, VP, current genus: Peniophora.
Thelephora macrorhiza Léveillé, 1846, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., III, 5: 146, VP, current genus: Podoscypha.
Thelephora maculaeformis Fries: Fr., 1815, Obs. mycol. 1: 150, VP.
Thelephora magnifica Corner, 1968, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 27: 68, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora magnispora Burt, 1914, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 1: 211, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora marginata Albertini & Schweinitz, 1805, Consp. Fl. Lusat.: 281, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora marginata Veulliot, 1882, Revue mycol. 4: 175, ILL, non Thelephora marginata Albertini & Schweinitz.
Thelephora martii Saccardo & D.Saccardo, 1905, Syll. Fung. 17: 160, VP; nomen novum for Thelephora albomarginata Martius.
Thelephora melaloma Chevallier, 1826, Fl. gén. Envir. Paris 1: 88, ILL, nomen dubium, based on Thelephora leucocoma Pers., cf. Thelephora limitata Fr.
Thelephora melius Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1:, VP, cf. Columnocystis abietina.
Thelephora menieri (Patouillard) Saccardo, 1888, Syll. Fung. 6: 547, VP; bas.: Tomentella menieri Patouillard; syn. of: Phlebia vaga Fries: Fr., current genus: Phlebiella.
Thelephora mesenterica (Bolton) Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 571, VP; bas.: Helvella mesenterica Bolton, current genus: Auricularia. [p. 136]
Thelephora miniata Berkeley in Smith, 1836, English Flora V, 2: 168, VP.
Thelephora minor Velenovsky, 1922, Ceske Houby 4‑5: 770, VP; syn. of: Thelephora terrestris Ehrhart: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora mollis Fries: Fr., 1821, Syst. mycol. 1: 443, VP, current genus: Hypochniciellum.
Thelephora mollissima Persoon: Fr., 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 572, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora monothelia Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 145, VP, cf. Stereum bufonium Fr.
Thelephora montagnei Balbis, 1828, Fl. Lyon 2: 293, VP; syn. of: Thelephora limitata Chaillet in Fries: Fr., current genus: Peniophora.
Thelephora mougeotii Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1:, VP, current genus: Hymenochaete.
Thelephora mucida Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 135, ILL, non Thelephora mucida Fries: Fr.
Thelephora mucida Fries: Fr. 1828, Elench. Fung. 1: 217, VP.
Thelephora multifida Klotzsch, 1852, Linnaea 25: 364, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Hydnopolyporus fimbriatus.
Thelephora multifida Rabenhorst, 1853, Flora 36: 200, ILL, non Thelephora multifida Klotzsch 1852, nomen dubium; syn. of: Thelephora plurifida Saccardo, Thelephora sp.
Thelephora multipartita Schweinitz in Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 166, VP, current genus: Thelephora, considered a var. of T. regularis by Corner (1968).
Thelephora multiplex (Underwood) Kawamura, 1954, Icones of Japanese fungi 6: 638, VP; bas.: Cantharellus multiplex Underwood, current genus: Polyozellus.
Thelephora multizonata Berkeley & Broome, 1865, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., III, 15: 321, VP, current genus: Podoscypha.
Thelephora murraii Berkeley & Curtis in Berkeley, 1868, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 10: 329, VP, current genus: Cystostereum.
Thelephora muscigena Persoon: Fr., 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 572, VP; syn. of: Cantharellus laevis Fries, current genus: Cyphellostereum.
Thelephora myriomera Fries in Lehmann, 1847, Pl. preissianae 2: 137, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora mytilina Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1:, VP.
Thelephora nigella Montagne, 1854, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., IV, 1: 138, VP, nomen dubium, Thelephora sp.
Thelephora nigrescens Schrader, 1794, Spic. Fl. germ. 1: 186, VP.
Thelephora nigrescens Bresadola, 1912, Hedwigia 51: 320, ILL, non Thelephora nigrescens Schrader current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora ninh‑thaiensis Patouillard, 1897, J. Bot. (Morot) 11: 342, VP; syn. of: Thelephora hiscens Berkeley & Ravenel in Berkeley, current genus: Stereopsis.
Thelephora nuda Fries: Fr., 1821, Syst. mycol. 1: 447, VP, current genus: Peniophora.
Thelephora obliqua (Montagne & Berkeley) Léveillé, 1846, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., III, 5: 147, VP; bas.: Stereum obliquum Montagne & Berkeley, belongs to ssp. cuneata D.A.Reid; syn. of: Thelephora venustula Spegazzini, current genus: Podoscypha.
Thelephora obscura Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 146, VP, cf. Stereum versiforme fide Burt.
Thelephora ochracea Fries: Fr., 1815, Obs. mycol. 1: 151, VP, current genus: Gloeocystidiellum.
Thelephora ochracea Schweinitz, 1822, Schr. naturf. Ges. Leipzig 1: 106, ILL, non Thelephora ochracea Fr.: Fr. 1815, cf. Stereum hirsutum Fr.
Thelephora ochraceoflava Schweinitz, 1832, Trans. Am. phil. Soc., n.s., 4: 167, VP, current genus: Stereum.
Thelephora ochroleuca Fries: Fr., 1818, Obs. mycol. 2: 276, VP.
Thelephora ocreta Berkeley, 1856, Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gdn Misc. 8: 239, VP, Tremellodendron sp.
Thelephora odorata Fries: Fr., 1815, Obs. mycol. 1: 151, VP, current genus: Scytinostroma.
Thelephora odorifera Peck, 1891, Rep. N.Y. St. Mus. nat. Hist. 44: 132, VP; syn. of: Thelephora albidobrunnea Schweinitz, current genus: Thelephora. [p. 137]
Thelephora olivacea (Fries: Fr.) Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 143, VP; bas.: Hypochnus olivaceus Fries: Fr., current genus: Coniophora.
Thelephora ostrea Blume & Nees, 1826, Nova Acta Acad. Caesar. Leop. Carol. 13: 13, VP, current genus: Stereum.
Thelephora oubanguiensis Hariot & Patouillard, 1911, Bull. Mus. Hist. nat., Paris 17: 365, VP; syn. of: Clavaria dendroides Junghuhn, current genus: Aphelaria.
Thelephora pachyderma Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 126, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora padi Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 142, VP, cf. Hymenochaete corrugata Lév.
Thelephora padinaeformis Montagne, 1854, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., IV, 1: 138, VP; syn. of Hydnum thelephorus Léveillé, current genus: Hydnodon.
Thelephora pallescens Schweinitz, 1832, Trans. Am. phil. Soc., n.s., 4: 167, VP; current genus: Vararia.
Thelephora pallida (Persoon: Fr.) Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 565, VP; bas.: Craterella pallida Persoon: Fr.; syn. of: Helvella pannosa Sowerby: Fr., current genus: Cotylidia.
Thelephora pallida Schweinitz, 1832, Trans. Am. phil. Soc., n.s., 4: 166, ILL, non Thelephora pallida (Pers.) Pers. 1801; syn. of: Thelephora schweinitzii Peck, current genus: Tremellodendron.
Thelephora pallida G.Otth, 1868, Mitt. naturf. Ges. Bern 24: 38, ILL, non Thelephora pallida (Pers.) Pers. 1801.
Thelephora palmata (Scopoli: Fr.) Fries, 1821, Syst. mycol. 1: 432, VP; bas.: Clavaria palmata Scopoli: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora palmetto Raddi, 1822, Atti Soc. ital. Sci. nat. 19: 30, VP.
Thelephora pannosa (Sowerby: Fr.) Fries, 1821, Syst. mycol. 1: 430, VP; bas.: Helvella pannosa Sowerby: Fr., current genus: Cotylidia.
Thelephora papillosa Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 212, VP, nomen dubium, Hyphodontia verruculosa J.Eriksson & Hjortstam p.p.
Thelephora papillosa Lloyd, 1915, Mycol. Writ., Letter 54: 5, ILL, non Thelephora papillosa Fr.: Fr.; syn. of: Thelephora vialis Schweinitz, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora papyracea Schrader ex J.F.Gmelin, 1792, Syst. nat., ed. 13, II, 2: 1441, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora papyracea Junghuhn, 1838, Verh. batav. Genoot. Kunst. Wet. 17: 36, ILL, non Thelephora papyracea Junghuhn, current genus: Lopharia.
Thelephora papyrina (Bulliard) St.‑Amans, 1821, Flore agenaise: 543, VP; bas.: Auricularia papyrina Bulliard.
Thelephora paradoxa Léveillé, 1844, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., III, 2: 206, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora paraguayensis Corner, 1968, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 27: 74, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora pavonia Weber & Mohr, 1805, Beitr. Naturk. I: 236, VP, current genus: Cora.
Thelephora pedicellata Schweinitz: Fr., 1822, Schr. naturf. Ges. Leipzig 1: 108, VP, cf. Septobasidium schweinitzii Burt.
Thelephora pellicula Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung., VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora peltata Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 126, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora pendens Corner, 1968, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 27: 75, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora penicillata (Persoon: Fr.) Fries, 1821, Syst. Mycol. 1: 434, VP; bas.: Merisma penicillatum Persoon: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora penicillata Lloyd, 1920, Mycol. Writ. 6: 989, ILL, non Thelephora penicillata (Pers.) Fr. 1821, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora perdix R.Hartig, 1882, Lehrbuch Baumkrankheiten: 90, VP; cf. Xylobolus frustulatus.
Thelephora pergamenea Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 150, VP; syn. of: Thelephora gigantea Fries: Fr., current genus: Phlebiopsis. [p. 138]
Thelephora perplexa Burt, 1914, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 1: 223, VP; syn. of: Thelephora dentosa Berkeley & Curtis, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora persoonii DeCandolle, 1815, Flore franç. ed. 3, 6: 107, VP, nom. nov. for Thelephora ferruginea Persoon 1801, non Thelephora ferruginea (Persoon) Persoon 1801, syn. of: Auricularia ferruginea Bulliard, current genus: Hymenochaete.
Thelephora phylacteris (Bulliard) St.‑Amans, 1821, Flore agenaise: 544, VP; bas.: Auricularia phylacteris Bulliard, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora phyllophoroides Corner, 1968, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 27: 78, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora piceae Persoon: Fr., 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 123, VP, current genus: Peniophora.
Thelephora pilosiuscula Montagne, 1858, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., IV, 5: 371, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora pini Schleicher, 1800, Cat. Pl. Helv.: not seen, ILL, non Thelephora pini Fr.: Fr. 1815, cf. Thelephora abietina Pers.
Thelephora pini Fries: Fr., 1815, Obs. mycol. 1: 154, VP, current genus: Peniophora.
Thelephora pithya Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 146, VP, current genus: Peniophora.
Thelephora plurifida Saccardo, 1888, Syll. Fung. 6: 529, VP, nomen dubium, Thelephora sp.
Thelephora polycocca Montagne, 1843, Ann. Sci. nat., Bot. II, 20: 364.
Thelephora polygonia (Persoon: Fr.) Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 574, VP; bas.: Corticium polygonium Persoon: Fr., current genus: Peniophora.
Thelephora populina Sommerfelt, 1826, Suppl. Fl. lapp.: 284.
Thelephora porioides Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 134, VP, cf. Solenia porioides Sacc.
Thelephora princeps Junghuhn, 1838, Verh. batav. Genoot. Kunst. Wet. 17: 38, VP.
Thelephora prolifera Berkeley, 1856, Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gdn Misc. 8: 272, VP; syn. of: Thelephora scabra Berkeley & Curtis, current genus: Scytinopogon.
Thelephora pruni Schumacher, 1803, Enum. Pl. Saell. 2: 396, VP, cf. Hymenochaete tabacina (Fr.) Lév.
Thelephora pseudoterrestris Corner, 1968, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 27: 79, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora pterula Velenovsky, 1922, Ceske Houby 4‑5: 773, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora pteruloides Berkeley & Curtis in Berkeley, 1849, Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gdn Misc. 1: 238, VP; syn. of: Clavaria merismatoides Schweinitz, current genus: Tremellodendron.
Thelephora pubera Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 215, VP, current genus: Hyphoderma.
Thelephora pulverulenta Léveillé, 1846, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., III, 5: 149, VP; syn. of: Thelephora luteobadia Fries, cf. Hymenochaete.
Thelephora pulvinulata Spegazzini, 1909, An. Mus. nac. Hist. nat. B. Aires 19: 276, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Hydnopolyporus.
Thelephora punicea Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr., 1805, Consp. Fung. Lusat.: 278, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Thelephora purpurea (Persoon: Fr.) Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 571, ILL, non Thelephora purpurea Schum.: Fr.; Fries (1821) cited Thelephora purpurea Pers. only in the index, but on that page (440) only Th. purpurea Schum. can be found.; bas.: Stereum purpureum Persoon: Fr., current genus: Chondrostereum.
Thelephora purpurea Schumacher: Fr., 1803, Enum. Pl. Saell. 2: 398, VP, non Thelephora purpurea (Pers.) Pers. 1801.
Thelephora pusilla Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 145, VP, cf. Stereum bufonium fide Sacc.
Thelephora pusilla Currey, 1876, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot., II, 1: 126, ILL, non Thelephora pusilla Pers. 1822; syn. of: Thelephora hiscens Berkeley & Ravenel in Berkeley, current genus: Stereopsis.
Thelephora pusiola Patouillard in Duss, 1903, Énum. Champ. Guadeloupe: 12, VP; syn. of: Thelephora hiscens Berkeley & Ravenel in Berkeley, current genus: Stereopsis. [p. 139]
Thelephora puteana Schumacher: Fr., 1803, Enum. Pl. Saell. 2: 397, VP; current genus: Coniophora.
Thelephora quercina Persoon: Fr., 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 573, VP, current genus: Peniophora.
Thelephora quisquiliaris Berkeley & Curtis, 1868, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 10: 329, VP, current genus: Cotylidia ; syn. of: Thelephora aurantiaca Persoon in Gaudichaud, current genus: Cotylidia.
Thelephora radiata Fries, 1838, Epicrisis Syst. mycol.: 535, VP.
Thelephora radicans Berkeley, 1844, London J. Bot. 3: 190, VP, current genus: Stereopsis.
Thelephora radiosa Fries: Fr., 1818, Obs. mycol. 2: 277, VP, nomen dubium, often considered as Thelephora citrina Pers.
Thelephora ralumensis P.Hennings, 1898, Bot. Jb. 25: 497, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Cotylidia.
Thelephora ramarioides D.A.Reid, 1958, Kew Bull. 1958: 227, VP, current genus: Thelephora, cf. Thelephora congesta Berk.
Thelephora ramealis Schweinitz, 1822, Schr. naturf. Ges. Leipzig 1: 106, VP; syn. of: Thelephora hirsuta Willdenow: Fr.
Thelephora ravenelii Berkeley, 1873, Grevillea 1: 148, VP; syn. of: Thelephora hiscens Berkeley & Ravenel in Berkeley, current genus: Stereopsis.
Thelephora reflexa (Bulliard) Latterrade, 1821, Flore bordelaise, ed. 2: 469, VP; bas.: Auricularia reflexa Bulliard.
Thelephora regularis Schweinitz, 1822, Schr. naturf. Ges. Leipzig 1: 79, VP; current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora repanda Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 190, VP.
Thelephora reticulata Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1:, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Coniophora.
Thelephora reticulata Petch, 1925, Ann. R. bot. Gdns Peradeniya 9: 296, ILL, non Thelephora reticulata Fr. 1828; syn. of: Thelephora zeylanica Corner, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora retiformis Berkeley & Curtis, 1868, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 10: 330, VP, current genus: Septobasidium.
Thelephora rhipidium Velenovsky, 1922, Ceske Houby 4‑5: 772, VP; syn. of: Thelephora terrestris Ehrhart: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora ribesii Fries: Fr., 1821, Syst. mycol. 1: 444, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora riccioidea Berkeley, 1860, Bot. Antarctic Voy. III, Fl. Tasmaniae 2: 258, VP.
Thelephora robusta Corner, 1976, Nova Hedwigia 27: 340, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora rosea (Persoon: Fr.) Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 575, VP; bas.: Corticium roseum Persoon: Fr., current genus: Corticium, Laeticorticium.
Thelephora rosella Peck, 1884, Rep. N.Y. St. Mus. nat. Hist. 35: 136, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Isaria flabelliformis (Schweinitz) Lloyd).
Thelephora roseocarnea Schweinitz, 1822, Schr. naturf. Ges. Leipzig 1: 107, VP.
Thelephora roseocincta Fries, 1830, Linnaea 5: 530, VP.
Thelephora rubi Libert, 1837, Pl. crypt. Arduennae 4: 323? (no 323), VP; syn. of: Corticium aurantium Persoon: Fr., current genus: Aleurodiscus.
Thelephora rubiginosa Schrader: Fr., 1794, Spic. Fl. germ.: 185, VP, current genus: Hymenochaete.
Thelephora rubropallens Schweinitz, 1832, Trans. Am. phil. Soc., n.s., 4: 168, VP, current genus: Hyphoderma.
Thelephora rudis Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 126, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora rufa Persoon: Fr., 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 124, VP.
Thelephora rufomarginata Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 124, VP, current genus: Peniophora.
Thelephora rugosa (Persoon: Fr.) Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 569, VP; bas.: Stereum rugosum, current genus: Stereum.
Thelephora rugulosa Léveillé in Zollinger, 1854, Syst. Verz. ind. Arch. 17, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora salicina Fries: Fr., 1821, Syst. mycol. 1: 442, VP, current genus: Cytidia.
Thelephora salicina Schleicher, 1821, Cat. Pl. Helv.: 60, ILL, non Thelephora salicina Fries 1821. [p. 140]
Thelephora salicina Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 132, ILL, non Thelephora salicina Fries 1821.
Thelephora sambuci (Persoon: Fr.) Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 152, VP; bas.: Corticium sambuci Persoon, current genus: Hyphodontia.
Thelephora sanguinea Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 575, ILL, non Thelephora sanguinea Fr.: Fr.
Thelephora sanguinea Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 203, VP, current genus: Phanerochaete.
Thelephora sanguinea Fries: Fr., 1821, Syst. mycol. 1: 203, VP, current genus: Phanerochaete.
Thelephora sanguinolenta Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr., 1805, Consp. Fung. Lusat.: 274, VP; current genus: Stereum.
Thelephora sarcoides Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 185, VP.
Thelephora scabra Berkeley & Curtis, 1851, Am. J. Sci., II, 11: 94, VP, current genus: Scytinopogon.
Thelephora schweinitzii Peck, 1878, Rep. N.Y. St. Mus. nat. Hist. 29: 67, VP, current genus: Tremellodendron.
Thelephora scissilis Burt, 1914, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 1: 204, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora scoparia Léveillé, 1844, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., III, 2: 207, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Clavaria dendroides Junghuhn.
Thelephora scoparia Peck 1889, Rep. N.Y. State Mus. 42: 123, ILL, non Thelephora scoparia Lév. 1844, syn. of: Merisma penicillatum Persoon, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora sebacea Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 577, VP; syn. of: Corticium incrustans Persoon: Fr., current genus: Sebacina.
Thelephora sebacinoides P.Hennings, 1897, Hedwigia 36: 193, VP; syn. of: Thelephora hartmannii Montagne, current genus: Hydnopolyporus.
Thelephora sera Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 580, VP.
Thelephora serialis Fries: Fr., 1821, Syst. mycol. 1: 445, VP, current genus: Phlebia.
Thelephora sericea Schrader ex J.F.Gmelin, 1792, Syst. nat., ed. 13, II, 2: 1441, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora sericea Schweinitz, 1822, Schr. naturf. Ges. Leipzig 1: 106, ILL, non Thelephora sericea Schweinitz; syn. of: Thelephora striata Fries.
Thelephora sericella Berkeley & Curtis, 1868, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 10: 328, VP, current genus: Cotylidia ; syn. of: Thelephora aurantiaca Persoon in Gaudichaud, current genus: Cotylidia.
Thelephora serrei Patouillard & Hariot, 1906, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 22: 116, VP; syn. of: Clavaria angulispora Patouillard & Gaillard, current genus: Scytinopogon.
Thelephora setigera Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 208, VP, current genus: Hyphoderma.
Thelephora setosa Swartz, 1806, Fl. Inc. occ. 3: 1929, VP.
Thelephora sinuans Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 128, VP.
Thelephora sistotremoides Schweinitz: Fr., 1822, Schr. naturf. Ges. Leipzig 1: 109, VP; syn. of: Hypochnus olivaceus Fries: Fr., current genus: Coniophora.
Thelephora soluta (Cesati) Lloyd, 1923, Mycol. Writ. 7: 1228, VP; bas.: Thelephora multipartita f. soluta Cesati; syn. of Thelephora fuscella Lloyd, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora sowerbeii (Berkeley) Berkeley, 1860, Outlines of British Fungology: 266, VP; bas.: Stereum sowerbeii Berkeley in Hooker, based on Helvella pannosa sensu Sowerby (fig. 155) which according to Berkeley differs from the plants described by Fries and Persoon; syn. of: Helvella pannosa Sowerby: Fr., current genus: Cotylidia.
Thelephora spadicea Persoon: Fr., 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 568, VP, non Thelephora spadicea Fr. 1828, nec Bresadola 1907, current genera: Lopharia, Porostereum.
Thelephora spadicea Fries, 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 176, ILL, non Thelephora spadicea Pers.: Fr.; syn. of: Thelephora gausapata Fries: Fr., current genus: Stereum.
Thelephora spadicea Bresadola in Höhnel, 1907, Denkschr. Akad. Wiss., Wien 83: 9, ILL, nomen dubium, non Thelephora spadicea Pers.: Fr., nec Fr. 1828, belongs to the Clavariaceae. [p. 141]
Thelephora sparassoides Spegazzini, 1890, Grevillea 18: 88, INV, error for Craterellus sparassoides Speg.
Thelephora sparassoides P.Hennings, 1901, Hedwigia 40: 324, VP, current genus: Stereopsis.
Thelephora spathulata Lloyd, 1925, Mycol. Writ. 7: 1335, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Stereum.
Thelephora speciosa Fries: Fr., 1830, Linnaea 5: 525, VP.
Thelephora spectabilis Léveillé, 1844, Annls Sci. nat., Bot., III, 2: 206, VP; syn. of: Thelephora aurantiaca Persoon in Gaudichaud, current genus: Cotylidia.
Thelephora spiculosa (Fries: Fr.) Fries, 1838, Epicrisis Syst. mycol.: 539, VP; bas.: Thelephora cristata var. spiculosa Fries: Fr., current genus: Thelephora, cf. Thelephora atra Weinm.
Thelephora spongia Berkeley & Curtis, 1868, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 10: 330, VP, current genus: Septobasidium.
Thelephora spongiaepes (Berkeley) Berkeley & Broome, 1883, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot., II, 2: 63, VP; bas.: Stereum spongiaepes Berkeley, belongs to var. lamellatum; syn. of: Thelephora dendritica Persoon in Gaudichaud, current genus: Cymatoderma.
Thelephora spongiosa Schweinitz: Fr., 1822, Schr. naturf. Ges. Leipzig 1: 109, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Thelephora atra Weinmann.
Thelephora stabularis Fries: Fr., 1821, Syst. mycol. 1: 435, VP.
Thelephora sterilis Fries: Fr., 1821, Syst. mycol. 1: 454, VP.
Thelephora stereoides Cooke & Massee, 1889, Grevillea 18: 5, VP.
Thelephora striata Schrader ex J.F.Gmelin, 1792, Syst. nat., ed. 13, II, 2: 1441, ILL, non Thelephora striata Fries: Fr., nomen dubium.
Thelephora striata Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 179, VP, based on Thelephora sericea Schw. non Schrad.
Thelephora striata Junghuhn, 1838, Verh. batav. Genoot. Kunst. Wet. 17: 40, ILL, non Thelephora striata Fr.: Fr., nomen dubium; syn. of: Stereum junghuhnii Fries.
Thelephora striispora Rick, 1934, Brotéria, Cienc. nat. 3: 32, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora styraciflua Schweinitz, 1822, Schr. naturf. Ges. Leipzig 1: 105, VP; syn. of: Thelephora hirsuta Willdenow: Fr.
Thelephora suaveolens Fries, 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 208, VP; syn. of: Thelephora galactina Fries.
Thelephora subcarbonacea Berkeley & Broome, 1875, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 64, VP.
Thelephora subclaviformis Berkeley, 1856, Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gdn Misc. 8: 238, VP, as 'subclavaeformis ', nomen dubium, cf. Gomphus.
Thelephora subhepatica Berkeley, 1846, London J. Bot. 5: 3, VP.
Thelephora subiculosa Patouillard, 1891, J. Bot. (Morot) 5: 314, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Clavariaceae.
Thelephora sublilacina Ellis & Everhart, 1896, Bull. Labs nat. Hist. St. Univ. Ia 13: 67, VP, current genus: Septobasidium.
Thelephora submembranacea Berkeley & Broome, 1875, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 64, VP, current genus: Coniophora.
Thelephora subochracea Peck, 1893, Rep. N.Y. State Mus. 46: 109, VP.
Thelephora subundulata Peck, 1895, Bull. Torrey bot. Club 22: 492, VP, current genus: Pseudocraterellus.
Thelephora subzonata Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 181, VP, cf. Stereum.
Thelephora suffulta Berkeley & Broome, 1875, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 63, VP.
Thelephora sullivantii Montagne, 1856, Syll. gen. spec. crypt.: 176, VP; syn. of: Thelephora diaphana Schweinitz in Berkeley & Curtis, current genus: Cotylidia.
Thelephora sulphurea (Persoon: Fr.) Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 579, VP; bas.: Corticium sulphureum Persoon: Fr.; syn. of: Phlebia vaga Fries: Fr., current genus: Phlebiella.
Thelephora tabacina (Sowerby: Fr.) Fries, 1821, Syst. Mycol. 1: 437, VP; bas.: Auricularia tabacina Sowerby: Fr., current genus: Hymenochaete. [p. 142]
Thelephora tentaculata Patouillard, 1899, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 15: 201, VP; syn. of: Thelephora hiscens Berkeley & Ravenel in Berkeley, current genus: Stereopsis.
Thelephora tenuis Burt, 1931, Ann. Mo. bot. Gdn 18: 479, VP, current genus: Thelephora, cf. Thelephora americana Lloyd.
Thelephora tephroleuca Berkeley & Curtis, 1873, Grevillea 1: 149, VP; syn. of: Thelephora vialis Schweinitz, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora terrestris Ehrhart: Fr., 1787, Pl. crypt. exsicc., no 178, VP, year not certain; series appeared between 1785‑1795, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora thamnoides Fries, 1838, Epicrisis Syst. mycol.: 538, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora thwaitesii Berkeley & Broome, 1875, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 64, VP.
Thelephora tiliae Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 147, VP, cf. Peniophora cinerea.
Thelephora tjibodensis P.Hennings, 1899, Monsunia 1: 140, VP, belongs to var. macrospora Reid; syn. of: Thelephora hiscens Berkeley & Ravenel in Berkeley, current genus: Stereopsis.
Thelephora trachodes Berkeley, 1856, Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gdn Misc. 8: 239, VP.
Thelephora tremelloides (Bulliard) Latterrade, 1821, Flore bordelaise: 468, VP; bas.: Auricularia tremelloides Bulliard.
Thelephora tristis Saccardo, 1916, Fl. ital. Crypt. Hym.: 1138, VP; syn. of: Thelephora terrestris Ehrhart: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora truncata (Corda) Saccardo & Traverso, 1912, Syll. Fung. 21: 384, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Merisma truncatum Corda, cf. Thelephora palmata Fr.
Thelephora tubaraoensis P.Hennings, 1897, Hedwigia 36: 194, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora tuberosa (Greville) Fries, 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 167, VP; bas.: Merisma tuberosum Greville, current genus: Aphelaria.
Thelephora tuberosa Spegazzini, 1909, An. Mus. nac. Hist. nat. B. Aires 19: 276, ILL, non Thelephora tuberosa (Grev.: Fr.) Fr. 1828; syn. of: Thelephora caperata Berkeley & Montagne, current genus: Cymatoderma.
Thelephora typhae (Persoon: Fr.) Fries, 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 226, VP; bas. Athelia typhae Persoon, current genus: Epithele.
Thelephora uleana P.Hennings, 1897, Hedwigia 36: 194, VP; syn. of: Stereum pusiolum Berkeley & Curtis, current genus: Cyphellostereum.
Thelephora uliginosa Boudier, 1905, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 21: 71, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Thelephora atrocitrina Quélet.
Thelephora umbrina Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 578, ILL, non Thelephora umbrina Fr.: Fr., nomen dubium, cf. Tomentella.
Thelephora umbrina Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 199, VP; based on Thelephora umbrina ß lignatilis Alb. & Schw.; syn. of: Hypochnus olivaceus Fries: Fr., current genus: Coniophora.
Thelephora undulata Schrader ex J.F.Gmelin, 1792, Syst. nat., ed. 13, II, 2: 1441, ILL, non Thelephora undulata Fries: Fr., nomen dubium.
Thelephora undulata Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1: 164, VP, current genus: Cotylidia.
Thelephora vaga Berkeley, 1855, Bot. Antarctic Voy. II, Fl. Novae-Zealandiae 2: 182, VP.
Thelephora variegata Schrader ex J.F.Gmelin, 1792, Syst. nat., ed. 13, II, 2: 1441, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora variegata Persoon, 1822, Mycol. eur. 1: 119, ILL, non Thelephora variegata Schrader ex Gmelin, cf. Hymenochaete tabacina.
Thelephora velutina DeCandolle in Lamarck: Fr., 1815, Flore franç. ed. 3, 6: 33, VP, current genus: Phanerochaete.
Thelephora venustula Spegazzini, 1884, An. Soc. cient. argent. 17: 76, VP, current genus: Podoscypha.
Thelephora versicolor Swartz: Fr., 1806, Fl. Ind. occ. 3: 1933, VP, nomen dubium.
Thelephora versiformis Fries: Fr., 1828, Elenchus Fung. 1:, VP, cf. Peniophora. [p. 143]
Thelephora vialis Schweinitz, 1832, Trans. Am. phil. Soc., n.s., 4: 165, VP, current genus: Thelephora.
Thelephora villosa D.Dietrich, 1859, Arch. Naturk. Liv.- Ehst- Kurlands II, 1: 528, VP.
Thelephora vinosa Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 578, VP.
Thelephora vinosa Berkeley, 1845, London J. Bot. 4: 60, ILL, non Thelephora vinosa (Pers.) Weinm. 1836; syn. of: Thelephora crassa Léveillé, current genus: Lopharia.
Thelephora violaceolivida Sommerfelt, 1826, Fl. lapponica suppl.: 283, VP, current genus: Peniophora.
Thelephora violascens (Fries: Fr.) Fries, 1821, Syst. mycol. 1: 451, VP; bas.: Himantia violascens Fries: Fr., current genus: Ceraceomyces.
Thelephora viridis Preuss, 1851, Linnaea 24: 152, VP.
Thelephora viridis Berkeley in Hooker, 1860, Bot. Antarctic Voy. III, Fl. Tasmaniae 2: 258, ILL, non Thelephora viridis Preuss 1851; syn. of: Hypochnus chlorinus Massee, current genus: Tomentella.
Thelephora viridula Bresadola, 1907, Annls mycol. 5: 240, VP, current genus: Clavulina.
Thelephora viscosa (Persoon: Fr.) Persoon, 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 580, VP; bas.: Corticium viscosum Persoon: Fr., cf. Corticium lividum Fr.
Thelephora vitellina Plowright, 1901, J. Bot. 39: 385, VP, current genus: Stereopsis.
Thelephora viticola Schweinitz, 1822, Schr. naturf. Ges. Leipzig 1: 107, VP, current genus: Phanerochaete.
Thelephora willeyi Clinton in Peck, 1874, Rep. N.Y. St. Mus. nat. Hist. 26: 71, VP; syn. of: Thelephora diaphana Schweinitz in Berkeley & Curtis, current genus: Cotylidia.
Thelephora xerantha Berkeley & Curtis, 1860, Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci. 4: 123, VP; syn. of: Thelephora radicans Berkeley, current genus: Stereopsis.
Thelephora zeylanica Corner, 1968, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 27: 90, VP, current genus: Thelephora, very close to Thelephora congesta Berk.
Thelephora zollingeri Saccardo, 1888, Syll. Fung. 6: 530, VP, belongs to ssp. cuneata D.A.Reid; syn. of: Thelephora venustula Spegazzini, current genus: Podoscypha.
Thelephora zygodesmoides Ellis, 1882, North American Flora: 715, VP, current genus: Tomentellopsis.
Tomentella ahrensi Ade, 1926, Allg. bot. Z. 30‑31: 17, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Tomentellopsis.
Tomentella albomarginata (Bourdot & Galzin) M.P.Christiansen, 1960, Dansk bot. Ark. 19: 265, VP; bas.: Tomentella porulosa f. albomarginata Bourdot & Galzin, syn. of: Hypochnus fuscus var. radiosus Bourdot & Galzin, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella alutaceo‑umbrina (Bresadola) Bourdot & Galzin, 1928, Hyménomycètes de France: 477, VP; bas.: Hypochnus alutaceo‑umbrinus Bresadola,; current genera: Tomentella, Tomentellastrum.
Tomentella angulospora M.J.Larsen, 1975, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 51: 172, VP, current genus: Tomentella, very close to Tomentella caerulea (Bres.) Höhnel & Litsch.
Tomentella anthochroa (Persoon) Rick, 1934, Brotéria, Cienc. nat. 3: 79, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Thelephora anthochroa Persoon: Fr.
Tomentella araneosa Höhnel & Litschauer, 1907, Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.‑nat. Kl. I, 116: 830, VP; syn. of: Merisma fastidiosum Persoon: Fr., current genus: Trechispora.
Tomentella asperula (P.Karsten) Höhnel & Litschauer, 1906, Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.‑nat. Kl. I, 115: 1570, VP; bas.: Hypochnus asperulus P.Karsten, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella asterigma R.Maire, 1906, Annls mycol. 4: 335, VP; syn. of: Hypochnus cinerascens P.Karsten, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella asterophora (Bonorden) Skovsted, 1950, C. r. Trav. Lab. Carlsberg, physiol., 25: 12, VP; bas.: Hypochnus asterophorus Bonorden, current genus: Tylospora.
Tomentella asterostromelloides Rick, 1938, Brotéria, Cienc. nat. 7: 77, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Asterostroma persimile Wakef. [p. 144]
Tomentella atramentaria Rostrup, 1894, Bot. Tidsskr. 19: 41, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella atroarenicolor Nikolajeva, 1970, Mikol. Fitopatol. 4: 476, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella atrocyanea Wakefield, 1966, Trans. Br. mycol. Soc. 49: 357, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella atrorubra (Peck) Bourdot & Galzin, 1928, Hyménomycètes de France: 480, VP; bas.: Zygodesmus atroruber Peck, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella atroviolacea Litschauer in Pilát, 1933, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 49: 53, VP; syn. of: Sporotrichum badium Link, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella atrovirens (Bresadola) Höhnel & Litschauer, 1907, Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.‑nat. Kl. I, 116: 831, VP; bas.: Hypochnus atrovirens Bresadola; syn. of: Hypochnus rubiginosus Bresadola, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella aurantiaca Patouillard, 1908, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 24: 3, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella avellanea (Burt) Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 153, VP; bas.: Hypochnus avellaneus Burt, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella badia (Link) Stalpers, 1975, Revue Mycol., Paris 39: 98, VP; bas.: Sporotrichum badium Link, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella badiofusca Bourdot & Galzin, 1928, Hyménomycètes de France: 497, VP; syn. of: Zygodesmus terrestris Berkeley & Broome, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella bambusina Viegas, 1939, J. Agric. Sao Paulo 2: 313, VP, nomen dubium.
Tomentella beccariana (Passerini) Rick, 1934, Brotéria, Cienc. nat. 3: 79, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Hypochnus beccarianus Passerini, Septobasidium sp.
Tomentella biennis (Fries: Fr.) A.M.Rogers, 1948, Mycologia 40: 634, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Thelephora biennis Fries: Fr.
Tomentella bilthoveniensis Bourdot in Donk, 1933, Meded. bot. Mus. Herb. Rijksuniv. Utrecht 9: 32, VP; syn. of: Zygodesmus ellisii Saccardo, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella bohemica Svrček, 1958, Ceská Mykol. 12: 71, VP; syn. of: Tomentella subclavigera Litschauer in Pilát, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella bombycina (P.Karsten) J.Eriksson, 1958, Symb. bot. upsal. 16: 159, VP; bas.: Kneiffiella bombycina P.Karsten; syn. of: Zygodesmus fibrosus Berkeley & Curtis in Berkeley, current genus: Tomentellina.
Tomentella botryoides (Schweinitz) Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 159, VP; bas.: Thelephora botryoides Schweinitz, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella bourdotii Svrček, 1958, Ceská Mykol. 12: 76, VP, nomen dubium, based on Tomentella granosa (Berk. & Curtis) Bres. sensu Bres., cf. T. neobourdotii M.J.Larsen.
Tomentella brasiliensis Rick, 1906, Brotéria 5: 224, VP, nomen dubium, not a Tomentella.
Tomentella bresadolae (Brinkmann) Höhnel & Litschauer, 1908, Wiesner Festschr.: 77, VP; bas.: Hypochnus bresadolae Brinkmann in Bresadola, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella brevispina (Bourdot & Galzin) M.J.Larsen, 1970, Mycologia 62: 136, VP; bas.: Tomentella spongiosa var. brevispina Bourdot & Galzin, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella brunnea J.Schroeter in Cohn, 1889, Krypt.‑Fl. Schlesien 3(1): 419, VP; syn. of: Thelephora puteana Schumacher: Fr., current genus: Coniophora.
Tomentella brunneofirma M.J.Larsen, 1967, Can. J. Bot. 45: 1300, VP; syn. of: Tomentellastrum caesiocinereum Svrček, current genus: Tomentella, Tomentellastrum.
Tomentella brunneorufa M.J.Larsen, 1974, Mycologia Mem. 4: 37, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella bryophila (Persoon: Fr.) M.J.Larsen, 1974, Mycologia Mem. 4: 51, VP; bas.: Sporotrichum bryophilum Persoon: Fr., current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella byssina (P.Karsten) Karsten, 1889, Bidr. Känn. Finl. Nat. Folk 48: 420, VP; bas.: Lyomyces byssinus P.Karsten, current genus: Piloderma. [p. 145]
Tomentella caesia (Persoon) Höhnel & Litschauer, 1908, Öst. bot. Z. 58: 476, VP, nomen confusum; bas.: Corticium caesium Persoon: Fr.
Tomentella caesiocinerea (Svrček) M.J.Larsen, 1968, Tech. Publs N.Y. St. Coll. For. 93: 130, VP; bas.: Tomentellastrum caesiocinereum Svrček, current genera: Tomentella, Tomentellastrum.
Tomentella calcicola (Bourdot & Galzin) M.J.Larsen, 1967, Taxon 16: 511, VP; bas.: Caldesiella ferruginosa var. calcicola Bourdot & Galzin, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella carbonaria M.J.Larsen, 1975, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 51: 172, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella castanea (Bourdot & Galzin) Donk, 1933, Meded. bot. Mus. Herb. Rijksuniv. Utrecht 9: 31, VP; bas.: Tomentella fusca ssp. castanea Bourdot & Galzin; syn. of: Zygodesmus sublilacinus Ellis & Holway, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella cervina (Burt) Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 146, VP; bas.: Hypochnus cervinus Burt; syn. of: Hypochnus coeruleus Bresadola, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella chalybaea (Persoon) Höhnel & Litschauer, 1908, Wiesner Festschr.: 77, VP, Persoon 1801, Syn. Meth. Fung.: 579, refers to Tomentella chalibaea, although it was actually published as Corticium (Tomentella) chalibaeum.
Tomentella chlorina (Massee) G.H.Cunningham, 1953, Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. 77: 279, VP; bas.: Hypochnus chlorinus Massee, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella cinerascens (P.Karsten) Höhnel & Litschauer, 1906, Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.‑nat. Kl. I, 115: 1570, 1581, VP; bas.: Hypochnus cinerascens P.Karsten, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella cladii Wakefield, 1969, Trans. Br. mycol. Soc. 53: 179, VP, current genus: Tomentella, cf. Tomentella ellisii (Sacc.) Jülich & Stalpers.
Tomentella clavigera Litschauer in Svrček, 1960, Sydowia 14: 192, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella coerulea (Bresadola) Höhnel & Litschauer, 1907, Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.‑nat. Kl. I, 116: 831, VP; bas.: Hypochnus coeruleus Bresadola, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella coriaria (Peck) Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 159, VP; bas.: Grandinia coriaria Peck; syn. of: Corticium ferrugineum Persoon, current genus: Tomentella. Tomentella corticoides Wakefield, 1962, Mycologia 52: 921, VP; syn. of: Tomentella rhodophaea Höhnel & Litsch., current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella crinalis (Fries) M.J.Larsen, 1967, Taxon 16: 511, VP; bas.: Hydnum crinale Fries, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella crustacea (Schumacher) Höhnel & Litschauer, 1908, Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.‑nat. Kl. I, 117: 1101, VP; bas.: Thelephora crustacea Schumacher: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Tomentella crustacea (Schumacher: Fr.) Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 149, VP; bas.: Thelephora crustacea Schumacher: Fr., current genus: Thelephora.
Tomentella cyanea (Wakefield) Bourdot & Galzin, 1928, Hyménomycètes de France: 489, VP; bas.: Hypochnus cyaneus Wakefield, current genus: Lazulinospora.
Tomentella donkii Litschauer, 1941, Annls mycol. 39: 372, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella duemmeri (Wakefield) M.J.Larsen, 1974, Mycologia Mem. 4: 41, VP; bas.: Caldesiella duemmeri Wakefield, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella echinospora (Ellis) Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 138, VP; bas.: Corticium echinosporum Ellis, current genus: Tomentellopsis.
Tomentella elaeodes (Bresadola) Höhnel & Litschauer, 1907, Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.‑nat. Kl. I, 116: 761, 840, VP; bas.: Hypochnus elaeodes Bresadola; syn. of: Thelephora punicea Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr., current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella ellisii (Saccardo) Jülich & Stalpers, 1980, Verh. K. ned. Akad. Wet., 2, 74: 236, VP; bas.: Zygodesmus ellisii Saccardo, current genus: Tomentella. [p. 146]
Tomentella epigaea (Burt) M.J.Larsen, 1965, Can. J. Bot. 43: 1493, VP; bas.: Hypochnus epigaeus Burt, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella epimyces (Bresadola) Höhnel & Litschauer, 1908, Öst. bot. Z. 58: 477, VP; bas.: Corticium epimyces Bresadola, syn. of: Hypochnus mucidulus P.Karsten, current genera: Pseudotomentella, Tomentella.
Tomentella epiphylla (Schweinitz) Litschauer, 1939, Öst. bot. Z. 88: 131, VP; bas.: Hydnum epiphyllum Schweinitz; syn. of: Thelephora punicea Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr., current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella fatrensis Svrček, 1958, Ceská Mykol. 12: 77, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Tomentella coerulea (Bres.) Höhnel & Litsch.
Tomentella ferruginea (Persoon) Patouillard, 1887, Hymenomyc. Eur.: 154, VP; bas.: Corticium ferrugineum Persoon, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella ferruginella (Bourdot & Galzin) Svrček, 1958, Ceská Mykol. 12: 75, VP; bas.: Tomentella ferruginea ssp. ferruginella Bourdot & Galzin, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella ferruginosa (Höhnel & Litschauer) Saccardo & Trotter, 1912, Syll. Fung. 21: 418, VP; bas.: Tomentellina ferruginosa Höhnel & Litschauer; syn. of: Zygodesmus fibrosus Berkeley & Curtis in Berkeley, current genus: Tomentellina.
Tomentella fimbriata M.P.Christiansen, 1960, Dansk bot. Ark. 19: 258, VP; syn. of: Sporotrichum badium Link, current genera: Tomentella, Tomentellastrum.
Tomentella flaccida Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 151, VP; syn. of: Tomentella atramentaria Rostrup, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella flava Brefeld, 1889, Unters. Gesammtg. Mykol. 8: 11, VP; syn. of: Hypochnus isabellina Fries, current genus: Botryohypochnus.
Tomentella flavovirens Höhnel & Litschauer, 1907, Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.‑nat. Kl. I, 116: 831, VP, current genus: Pseudotomentella.
Tomentella floccosa Litschauer, 1939, Öst. bot. Z. 88: 131, VP; syn. of: Hypochnus pilosus Burt, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella fragilis (Bourdot & Galzin) M.J.Larsen, 1974, Mycologia Mem. 4: 100, VP; bas.: Tomentella cinerascens var. fragilis Bourdot & Galzin, current genus: Tomentella, cf. Tomentella lapida (Pers.) Stalpers.
Tomentella fraseri M.J.Larsen, 1975, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 51: 173, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella fuliginea (Burt) Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 153, VP; bas.: Hypochnus fuligineus Burt; syn. of: Zygodesmus ramosissimus Berkeley & Curtis in Berkeley, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella fumosa (Fries) Pilát, 1936, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 51: 409, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Hypochnus fumosus Fries, probably Phlebia vaga Fries.
Tomentella fungicola (Litschauer) M.J.Larsen, 1974, Mycologia Mem. 4: 55, VP; bas.: Tomentella flaccida var. fungicola Litschauer, syn. of: Hypochnus bresadolae Brinkmann, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella fusca (Persoon: Fr.) J.Schroeter in Cohn, 1888, Krypt.‑Fl. Schlesien 3(1): 419, VP; bas.: Corticium fuscum Persoon: Fr.; syn. of Corticium ferrugineum Persoon, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella fuscella (Saccardo) Lundell in Lundell & Nannfeldt, 1954, Fungi exsicc. suec. 45‑46: 9, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Hypochnus fuscellus Saccardo.
Tomentella fuscocinerea (Persoon: Fr.) Donk, 1933, Meded. bot. Mus. Herb. Rijksuniv. Utrecht 9: 30, VP; bas.: Thelephora fuscocinerea Persoon: Fr., current genera: Tomentella, Tomentellastrum.
Tomentella fuscoferruginosa (Bresadola) Litschauer, 1941, Annls mycol. 39: 377, VP; bas.: Hypochnus fuscoferruginosus Bresadola, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella galzinii Bourdot in Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 143, VP, current genus: Tomentella. [p. 147]
Tomentella gibbosa Litschauer in Pilát, 1933, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 49: 70, VP; syn. of: Hypochnus asperulus P.Karsten, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella gilbertii Bourdot & Galzin, 1928, Hyménomycètes de France: 489, VP; syn. of Hypochnus mucidulus P.Karsten, current genera: Pseudotomentella, Tomentella.
Tomentella gilva (Bourdot & Galzin) Svrček, 1958, Ceská Mykol. 12: 73, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Tomentella mutabilis Bourdot & Galzin ssp. gilva Bourdot & Galzin.
Tomentella glandulifera Höhnel & Litschauer, 1906, Annls mycol. 4: 290, VP; syn. of: Thelephora botryoides Schweinitz, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella grandinioides Rick, 1934, Brotéria, Cienc. nat. 3: 80, VP.
Tomentella granosa Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 160, VP, nomen dubium, based on Hypochnus granosus (Berk. & Curtis) Bres., non Thelephora granosa Berk. & Curtis.
Tomentella granulata Brefeld, 1889, Unters. Gesammtg. Mykol. 8: 11, VP, cf. Corticium pruinatum Bres.
Tomentella granulosa (Peck) Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 158, VP; bas.: Zygodesmus granulosus Peck; syn. of: Thelephora punicea Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr., current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella gresicola Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 157, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Hypochnus rubiginosus Bres.
Tomentella griseocinnamomea Wakefield, 1966, Trans. Br. mycol. Soc. 49: 358, VP; syn. of: Hypochnus asperulus P.Karsten, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella griseo‑umbrina Litschauer in Lundell & Nannfeldt, 1936, Fungi exsicc. suec. 7‑8: 24, VP, also in Annls mycol. 39: 373, 1941, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella griseoviolacea Litschauer, 1939, Bull. Soc. Sci. Skoplje 20: 20, VP, also published in Annls mycol. 39: 375, 1941; syn. of: Thelephora punicea Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr., current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella himalayana Rattan, 1977, Bibl. mycol. 60: 54, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella hoehnelii Skovsted, 1950, C. r. Trav. Lab. Carlsberg, physiol., 25: 29, INV, nomen dubium, based on Tomentella subfusca (Karsten) Höhnel & Litsch. sensu Höhnel & Litsch.; non Hypochnus subfuscus Karsten.
Tomentella hydrophila (Bourdot & Galzin) Litschauer, 19.., VP; syn. of: Zygodesmus ellisii Saccardo, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella incarnata P.Hennings, 1898, Schrift. Naturw. Vereins Schles.‑Holst. 11: 102, VP; syn. of: Corticium echinosporum Ellis, current genus: Tomentellopsis.
Tomentella indica Rattan, 1977, Bibl. mycol. 60: 62, VP, current genus: Tomentella, close to Tomentella ramosissima (Berk. & Curtis) Wakef.
Tomentella isabellina (Fries) Höhnel & Litschauer, 1906, Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.‑nat. Kl. I, 115: 1570, VP; bas.: Hypochnus isabellinus Fries, current genus: Botryohypochnus.
Tomentella italica (Saccardo) M.J.Larsen, 1967, Taxon 16: 511, VP; bas.: Caldesiella italica Saccardo, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella jaapii Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 155, VP, cited as Hypochnus Bres. in Jaap, Fungi sel. exs. 1905.
Tomentella juncicola Svrček, 1958, Ceská Mykol. 12: 74, VP, current genus: Tomentella, doubtful fide Larsen 1974, cf. Tomentella atramentaria Rostrup.
Tomentella kentuckiensis M.J.Larsen, 1974, Mycologia Mem. 4: 100, VP; syn. of: Tomentella rhodophaea Höhnel & Litschauer, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella kootenaiensis M.J.Larsen, 1975, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 51: 174, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella lapidum (Persoon) Stalpers, 1984, Stud. Mycol. 24: 65, VP; bas.: Sporotrichum lapidum Persoon, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella lateritia Patouillard, 1894, J. Bot. (Morot) 8: 221, VP; current genus: Tomentella. [p. 148]
Tomentella liasicola Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 157, VP; syn. of: Thelephora punicea Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr., current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella lilacinogrisea Wakefield, 1966, Trans. Br. mycol. Soc. 49: 360, VP; syn. of: Hypochnus cinerascens P.Karsten, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella litschaueri Svrček, 1958, Ceská Mykol. 12: 75, VP, based on Hypochnus crustaceus (Schum.) Karsten sensu Bres., current genus: Tomentella, Tomentellastrum.
Tomentella livida Litschauer, 1933, Svensk bot. Tidskr. 26: 450, VP; syn. of: Zygodesmus ellisii Saccardo, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella lurida Skovsted, 1950, C. r. Trav. Lab. Carlsberg, physiol., 25: 15, INV, based on Hypochnus fumosus auctt. non Fr.; syn. of: Phlebia vaga Fries: Fr., current genus: Phlebiella.
Tomentella luteomarginata M.P.Christiansen, 1960, Dansk bot. Ark. 19: 263, VP; syn. of: Zygodesmus ellisii Saccardo, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella macrospora Höhnel & Litschauer, 1906, Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.‑nat. Kl. I, 115: 1602, VP; syn. of Hypochnus alutaceo-umbrinus Bres., current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella mairei Bourdot, 1918, J. Lorraine Pharm. 4(1), VP; current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella menieri Patouillard, 1886, Tab. anal. fung., II,: 32 (no 580), VP; syn. of: Phlebia vaga Fries: Fr., current genus: Phlebiella.
Tomentella microspora (P.Karsten) Höhnel & Litschauer, 1906, Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.‑nat. Kl. I, 115: 1571, VP; bas.: Hypochnus microsporus P.Karsten; syn. of: Zygodesmus ellisii Saccardo, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella mollis (Fries: Fr.) Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 139, VP; bas.: Thelephora mollis Fries: Fr., current genus: Hypochniciellum.
Tomentella molybdaea Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 142, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella montanensis M.J.Larsen, 1967, Can. J. Bot. 45: 1304, VP; current genus: Tomentella, Tomentellastrum.
Tomentella mucidula (P.Karsten) Höhnel & Litschauer, 1906, Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.‑nat. Kl. I, 115: 1572, VP; bas.: Hypochnus mucidulus P.Karsten, current genus: Pseudotomentella.
Tomentella muricata (Ellis & Everhart) Wakefield, 1962, Mycologia 52: 924, VP; bas.: Zygodesmus muricatus Ellis & Everhart, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella mutabilis Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 145, VP, cf. Thelephora punicea Alb. & Schw.
Tomentella mycophila (Bourdot & Galzin) Svrček, 1958, Ceská Mykol. 12: 75, VP; bas.: Tomentella fusca ssp. mycophila Bourdot & Galzin, based on Hypochnus caesius Brinkm., Westf. Pilze no 36.; syn. of Hypochnus alutaceo-umbrinus Bres., current genera: Tomentella, Tomentellastrum.
Tomentella neobourdotii M.J.Larsen, 1969, Mycologia 60: 1179, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella nigra Höhnel & Litschauer, 1908, Wiesner Festschr.: 78, VP, current genus: Pseudotomentella.
Tomentella nitellina Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 151, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella obducens P.Karsten, 1889, Bidr. Känn. Finl. Nat. Folk 48: 421, VP; syn. of: Thelephora byssoides Persoon: Fr., current genus: Amphinema.
Tomentella ochracea (Saccardo) M.J.Larsen, 1974, Mycologia Mem. 4: 73, VP; bas.: Zygodesmus ochraceus Saccardo; syn. of: Zygodesmus ellisii Saccardo, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella ochraceo‑olivacea Litschauer in Pilát, 1933, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 49: 62, VP, current genus: Tomentella, close to Tomentella coerulea (Bres.) Höhnel & Litsch.
Tomentella ochraceoviridis Patouillard in Patouillard & Lagerheim, 1893, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 9: 134, VP; syn. of: Hypochnus isabellinus Fries, current genus: Botryohypochnus. [p. 149]
Tomentella olivascens (Berkeley & Curtis) Bourdot & Galzin, 1928, Hyménomycètes de France: 477, VP; bas.: Zygodesmus olivascens Berkeley & Curtis in Berkeley, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella pallidofulva (Peck) Litschauer, 1939, Öst. bot. Z. 88: 131, VP; bas.: Zygodesmus pallidofulvus Peck; syn. of: Sporotrichum bryophilum Persoon: Fr., current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella pannosa (Berkeley & Curtis) Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 150, VP; bas.: Zygodesmus pannosus Berkeley & Curtis in Berkeley.
Tomentella papillata Höhnel & Litschauer, 1908, Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.‑nat. Kl. I, 117: 1118, VP, also published in Öst. bot. Z. 58: 33, 1908; syn. of: Hypochnus coeruleus Bresadola, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella pellicula (Fries: Fr.) Höhnel & Litschauer, 1907, Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.‑nat. Kl. I, 116: 786, VP; bas.: Thelephora pellicula Fries: Fr.
Tomentella pellicularioides Wakefield, 1966, Trans. Br. mycol. Soc. 49: 360, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella phylacteris (Bulliard) Bourdot & Galzin in Bourdot & L.Maire, 1920, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 36: 81, VP; bas.: Auricularia phylacteris Bulliard, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella pilatii Litschauer in Pilát, 1933, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 49: 72, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella pilosa (Burt) Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 151, VP; bas.: Hypochnus pilosus Burt, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella pirolae (Ellis & Halsted) M.J.Larsen, 1968, Tech. Publs N.Y. St. Coll. For. 93: 105, VP; bas.: Zygodesmus pirolae Ellis & Halsted, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella porphyrea Petch, 1925, Ann. R. bot. Gdns Peradeniya 9: 297, VP; syn. of: Zygodesmus ellisii Saccardo, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella porulosa (Bourdot & Galzin) M.P.Christiansen, 1960, Dansk bot. Ark. 19: 283, VP; bas.: Tomentella spongiosa ssp. porulosa Bourdot & Galzin; syn. of: Tomentella atramentaria Rostrup, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella pseudoferruginea Skovsted, 1950, C. r. Trav. Lab. Carlsberg, physiol., 25: 20, INV, based on Hypochnus ferrugineus auctt. non Pers.; syn. of: Sporotrichum bryophilum Persoon: Fr., current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella pseudofusca Skovsted, 1950, C. r. Trav. Lab. Carlsberg, physiol., 25: 27, VP; syn. of: Sporotrichum lapidum Persoon: Fr., current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella pseudopannosa Wakefield, 1969, Trans. Br. mycol. Soc. 53: 189, VP, based on Tomentella pannosa ss Bourdot & Galzin; syn. of: Zygodesmus sublilacinus Ellis & Holway, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella puberula Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 150, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella punicea (Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr.) Schroeter in Cohn, 1889, Krypt.Fl. Schles. 3: 420, VP; bas.: Thelephora punicea Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr., current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella purpurea Wakefield, 1966, Trans. Br. mycol. Soc. 49: 361, VP, current genus: Tomentella, close to Tomentella litschaueri Svrček.
Tomentella radiosa (P.Karsten) Rick, 1934, Brotéria, Cienc. nat. 3: 79, VP; bas.: Hypochnus fuscus var. radiosus P.Karsten.
Tomentella ramosissima (Berkeley & Curtis) Wakefield, 1962, Mycologia 52: 927, VP; bas.: Zygodesmus ramosissimus Berkeley & Curtis in Berkeley, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella rhodophaea Höhnel & Litschauer, 1907, Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.‑nat. Kl. I, 116: 831, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella roana (Bourdot & Galzin) Svrček, 1958, Ceská Mykol. 12: 71, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Tomentella galzinii Bourdot & Galzin ssp. roana Bourdot & Galzin, cf. Tomentella subtestacea (Bourdot & Galzin) Svrček. [p. 150]
Tomentella rubiginosa (Bresadola) R.Maire, 1906, Annls mycol. 4: 335, VP; bas.: Hypochnus rubiginosus Bresadola, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella rufobrunnea Petch, 1924, Ann. R. bot. Gdns Peradeniya 9: 144, VP, name change for Grandinia lateritia Berkeley & Broome non Tomentella lateritia Pat. 1894.
Tomentella ruttneri Litschauer in Pilát, 1933, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 49: 67, VP; syn. of: Sporotrichum stuposum Link, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella schmoranzeri (Bresadola) M.J.Larsen, 1974, Mycologia Mem. 4: 80, VP; bas.: Hypochnus schmoranzeri Bresadola, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella scobinella G.H.Cunningham, 1957, Trans. R. Soc. N.Z. 84: 485, VP, current genus: Tomentella, close to Tomentella coerulea (Bres.) Höhnel & Litsch.
Tomentella separabilis Donk, 1933, Meded. bot. Mus. Herb. Rijksuniv. Utrecht 9: 32, VP, based on Hypochnus chalybaeus Pers. sensu Bres.; syn. of: Tomentella atramentaria Rostrup, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella smardae Pilát, 1942, Studia bot. csl. 5: 75, VP, nomen dubium, cf. Corticium polyporoideum.
Tomentella sordida Wakefield, 1969, Trans. Br. mycol. Soc. 53: 185, VP; syn. of: Hypochnus coeruleus Bresadola, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella sparsa (Burt) Bourdot & Galzin, 1928, Hyménomycètes de France: 481, VP; bas.: Hypochnus sparsus Burt; syn. of: Zygodesmus ellisii Saccardo, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella spinifera (Burt) M.P.Christiansen, 1960, Dansk bot. Ark. 19: 291, VP; bas.: Hypochnus spiniferus Burt; syn. of: Sporotrichum lapidum Persoon, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella spongiosa (Schweinitz: Fr.) Höhnel & Litschauer, 1908, Öst. bot. Z. 58: 333, VP; bas.: Thelephora spongiosa Schweinitz: Fr., nomen dubium, cf. Thelephora atra Weinmann.
Tomentella stuposa (Link) Stalpers, 1984, Stud. Mycol. 24: 86, VP; bas.: Sporotrichum stuposum Link, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella subalpina M.J.Larsen, 1972, Mycologia 64: 444, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella subcalcicola M.J.Larsen, 1967, Can. J. Bot. 45: 1302, VP; syn. of: Caldesiella duemmeri Wakefield, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella subcervina Litschauer in Pilát, 1933, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 49: 60, VP; syn. of: Hypochnus cinerascens P.Karsten, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella subcinerascens Litschauer, 1939, Öst. bot. Z. 88: 133, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella subclavigera Litschauer in Pilát, 1933, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 49: 57, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella subcorticioides Rattan, 1977, Bibl. mycol. 60: 53, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella suberis Patouillard, 1897, Cat. rais. Pl. cell. Tunis: 63, VP; syn. of: Corticium ferrugineum Persoon, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella subferruginea (Burt) Donk, 1933, Meded. bot. Mus. Herb. Rijksuniv. Utrecht 9: 34, VP; bas.: Hypochnus subferrugineus Burt; syn. of: Sporotrichum bryophilum Persoon: Fr., current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella subfusca (P.Karsten) Höhnel & Litschauer, 1906, Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.‑nat. Kl. I, 115: 1572, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Hypochnus subfuscus P.Karsten.
Tomentella sublilacina (Ellis & Holway) Wakefield, 1962, Mycologia 52: 931, VP; bas.: Zygodesmus sublilacinus Ellis & Holway in Arthur & al., current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella submollis (Svrček) Wakefield, 1969, Trans. Br. mycol. Soc. 53: 167, VP; bas.: Pseudotomentella submollis Svrček, current genus: Tomentellopsis.
Tomentella subpilosa Litschauer in Svrček, 1960, Sydowia 15: 224, VP; syn. of: Hypochnus pilosus Burt, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella subrubiginosa Litschauer in Svrček, 1960, Sydowia 15: 231, VP; syn. of Hypochnus rubiginosus Bresadola, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella subtestacea (Bourdot & Galzin) Svrček, 1958, Ceská Mykol. 12: 71, VP; bas.: Tomentella galzinii ssp. subtestacea Bourdot & Galzin, current genus: Tomentella. [p. 151]
Tomentella subvinosa (Burt) Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 146, VP; bas.: Hypochnus subvinosus Burt, current genus: Tomentella, very close to Tomentella lateritia Pat.
Tomentella sulphurea (Persoon: Fr.) P.Karsten, 1889, Bidr. Känn. Finl. Nat. Folk 48: 419, VP; bas.: Corticium sulphureum Persoon: Fr.; syn. of: Phlebia vaga Fries: Fr., current genus: Phlebiella.
Tomentella sulphurina P.Karsten, 1889, Bidr. Känn. Finl. Nat. Folk 48: 420, VP, current genus: Ceraceomyces.
Tomentella tabacina (Bresadola) Saccardo & Trotter, 1912, Syll. Fung. 21: 418, VP; bas.: Hypochnus tabacinus Bresadola in Brinkmann; syn. of: Thelephora zygodesmoides Ellis, current genus: Tomentellopsis.
Tomentella tenebrosa Malencon, 1954, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 70: 156, VP; syn. of: Tomentella nigra Höhnel & Litschauer, current genera: Pseudotomentella, Tomentella.
Tomentella terrestris (Berkeley & Broome) M.J.Larsen, 1974, Mycologia Mem. 4: 105, VP; bas.: Zygodesmus terrestris Berkeley & Broome, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella testacea Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 146, VP, nomen dubium.
Tomentella testaceogilva Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 149, VP; syn. of: Tomentella rhodophaea Höhnel & Litschauer, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella trachychaites (Ellis & Everhart) M.J.Larsen, 1968, Tech. Publs N.Y. St. Coll. For. 93: 95, VP; bas.: Zygodesmus trachychaites Ellis & Everhart; syn. of: Sporotrichum lapidum Persoon, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella trigonosperma (Bresadola) Höhnel & Litschauer, 1908, Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.‑nat. Kl. I, 117: 1091, VP; bas.: Corticium trigonospermum Bresadola; syn. of: Hypochnus asterophorus Bonorden, current genus: Tylospora.
Tomentella tristis (P.Karsten) Höhnel & Litschauer, 1906, Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.‑nat. Kl. I, 115: 1572, VP; bas.: Hypochnus subfuscus ssp. tristis P.Karsten, current genus: Pseudotomentella or Tomentella.
Tomentella tulasnelloidea (Höhnel & Litschauer) Skovsted, 1950, C. r. Trav. Lab. Carlsberg, physiol., 25: 14, VP; bas.: Corticium tulasnelloideum Höhnel & Litschauer, current genus: Phlebiella.
Tomentella umbrina (Fries: Fr.) Litschauer in Pilát, 1933, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 49: 52, VP, this publication is of June 20; combination also proposed by Donk, Juli 7, 1933, Meded. bot. Mus. Herb. Rijksuniv. Utrecht 9: 29; as the date is that of the presentation of the thesis, the actual publication date is somewhat earlier; bas.: Thelephora umbrina Fries: Fr.; syn. of: Hypochnus olivaceus Fries: Fr., current genus: Coniophora.
Tomentella umbrinella (Bourdot & Galzin) M.P.Christiansen, 1960, Dansk bot. Ark. 19: 299, VP; bas.: Tomentella spongiosa ssp. umbrinella Bourdot & Galzin; syn. of: Zygodesmus terrestris Berkeley & Broome, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella umbrinospora M.J.Larsen, 1968, Tech. Publs N.Y. St. Coll. For. 93: 61, VP, non Tomentella rubiginosa (Bres.) R.Maire.
Tomentella variecolor Malençon, 1952, Bull. Soc. bot. Fr. 99: 51, VP, current genus: Tomentella, close to Tomentella puberula Bourdot & Galzin.
Tomentella verrucispora Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 137, VP; syn. of Hypochnus mucidulus P.Karsten, current genera: Pseudotomentella, Tomentella.
Tomentella vesiculosa Natarajan & Chandrashekara, 1979, Mycologia 70: 1294, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella violaceofusca (Saccardo) M.J.Larsen, 1974, Mycologia Mem. 4: 62, VP; bas.: Zygodesmus violaceofuscus Saccardo; syn. of: Sporotrichum lapidum Persoon, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella viridescens (Bresadola & Torrend) Bourdot & Galzin, 1928, Hyménomycètes de France: 477, VP; bas.: Hypochnus viridescens Bresadola & Torrend in Torrend, current genus: Tomentella. [p. 152]
Tomentella viridiflava Bourdot & Galzin, 1924, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 40: 138, VP; syn. of: Corticium echinosporum Ellis, current genus: Tomentellopsis.
Tomentella viridis (Berkeley) G.H.Cunningham), 1963, Bull. N.Z. Dep. sci. ind. Res. 145: 239, VP; bas.: Thelephora viridis Berkeley, syn. of: Hypochnus chlorinus Massee, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella viridula (Bourdot & Galzin) Svrček, 1958, Ceská Mykol. 12: 71, VP; bas.: Tomentella galzinii ssp. viridula Bourdot & Galzin, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentella zygodesmoides (Ellis) Höhnel & Litschauer, 1907, Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.‑nat. Kl. I, 116: 786, VP; bas.: Thelephora zygodesmoides Ellis, current genus: Tomentellopsis.
Tomentellago aeruginascens Hjortstam & Ryvarden, 1988, Mycotaxon 31: 40, VP, current genus: Tomentellago.
Tomentellastrum alutaceo‑umbrinum (Bresadola) M.J.Larsen, 1974, Mycologia Mem. 4: 107, VP; Hypochnus alutaceo‑umbrinus Bresadola, current genera: Tomentella, Tomentellastrum.
Tomentellastrum atroviolaceum (Litschauer) Svrček, 1958, Ceská Mykol. 12: 68, VP; bas.: Tomentella atroviolacea Litschauer in Pilát; syn. of: Sporotrichum badium Link, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentellastrum badium (Link) M.J.Larsen, 1981, Nova Hedwigia 35: 5, VP; bas.: Sporotrichum badium Link, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentellastrum brunneofirmum (M.J.Larsen) M.J.Larsen, 1974, Mycologia Mem. 4: 110, VP; bas.: Tomentella brunneofirma M.J.Larsen, current genera: Tomentella, Tomentellastrum.
Tomentellastrum caesiocinereum Svrček, 1958, Ceská Mykol. 12: 69, VP, current genera: Tomentella, Tomentellastrum.
Tomentellastrum cinereo‑umbrinum (Bresadola) M.J.Larsen, 1974, Mycologia Mem. 4: 111, VP; bas.: Hypochnus cinereo‑umbrinus Bresadola, current genera: Tomentella, Tomentellastrum.
Tomentellastrum floridanum (Ellis & Everhart) M.J.Larsen, 1974, Mycologia Mem. 4: 116, VP; bas.: Thelephora floridana Ellis & Everhart; syn. of: Sporotrichum badium Link, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentellastrum fuscocinereum (Persoon: Fr.) Svrček, 1958, Ceská Mykol. 12: 69, VP; bas.: Thelephora fuscocinerea Persoon: Fr., current genera: Tomentella, Tomentellastrum.
Tomentellastrum litschaueri (Svrček) M.J.Larsen, 1974, Mycologia Mem. 4: 119, VP; bas.: Tomentella litschaueri Svrček, current genera: Tomentella, Tomentellastrum.
Tomentellastrum macrosporum (Höhnel & Litschauer) Svrček, 1958, Ceská Mykol. 12: 70, VP; bas.: Tomentella macrospora Höhnel & Litschauer; syn. of Hypochnus alutaceo-umbrinus Bres.; current genera: Tomentella, Tomentellastrum.
Tomentellastrum molybdaeum (Bourdot & Galzin) Svrček, 1960, Sydowia 15: 180, VP; bas.: Tomentella molybdaea Bourdot & Galzin, current genus: Tomentella.
Tomentellastrum montanense (M.J.Larsen) M.J.Larsen, 1974, Mycologia Mem. 4: 120, VP; bas.: Tomentella montanensis M.J.Larsen; current genera: Tomentella, Tomentellastrum.
Tomentellastrum umbrinum (Fries: Fr.) Svrček, 1958, Ceská Mykol. 12: 70, VP; bas.: Thelephora umbrina Fries: Fr.; syn. of: Hypochnus olivaceus Fries: Fr., current genus: Coniophora.
Tomentellina aranhae Rick, 1959, Iheringia 5: 130, VP.
Tomentellina bombycina (P.Karsten) Bourdot & Galzin, 1928, Hyménomycètes de France: 473, VP; bas.: Kneiffiella bombycina P.Karsten; syn. of: Zygodesmus fibrosus Berkeley & Curtis in Berkeley, current genus: Tomentellina.
Tomentellina ferruginosa Höhnel & Litschauer, 1906, Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.‑nat. Kl. I, 115: 1604, VP; syn. of: Zygodesmus fibrosus Berkeley & Curtis in Berkeley, current genus: Tomentellina.
Tomentellina fibrosa (Berkeley & Curtis) M.J.Larsen, 1974, Mycologia Mem. 4: 115, VP; bas.: Zygodesmus fibrosus Berkeley & Curtis in Berkeley, current genus: Tomentellina.
Tomentellina grandinioides (Rick) Rick, 1959, Iheringia 5: 129, VP, nomen dubium; bas.: Hypochnus grandinioides Rick. [p. 153]
Tomentellina isabellina Rick, 1959, Iheringia 5: 130, VP.
Tomentellina radiosoides Rick, 1959, Iheringia 5: 130, VP.
Tomentellopsis bresadoliana (Saccardo & Trotter) Jülich & Stalpers, 1980, Verh. K. ned. Akad. Wet., 2, 74: 255, VP; bas.: Corticium bresadolianum Saccardo & Trotter, current genus: Tomentellopsis.
Tomentellopsis echinospora (Ellis) Hjortstam, 1970, Svensk bot. Tidskr. 64: 425, VP; bas.: Corticium echinosporum Ellis, current genus: Tomentellopsis.
Tomentellopsis pallidocitrina (M.P.Christiansen & Bregnhoj Larsen) Hjortstam, 1974, Svensk bot. Tidskr. 68: 52, VP; bas.: Byssocristella pallidocitrina M.P.Christiansen & Bregnhoj Larsen; syn. of: Corticium bresadolianum Saccardo & Trotter, current genus: Tomentellopsis.
Tomentellopsis pusilla Hjortstam, 1974, Svensk bot. Tidskr. 68: 53, VP, current genus: Tomentellopsis.
Tomentellopsis submollis (Svrček) Hjortstam, 1974, Svensk bot. Tidskr. 68: 53, VP; bas.: Pseudotomentella submollis Svrček, current genus: Tomentellopsis.
Tomentellopsis zygodesmoides (Ellis) Hjortstam, 1974, Svensk bot. Tidskr. 68: 55, VP; bas.: Thelephora zygodesmoides Ellis, current genus: Tomentellopsis.
Tylosperma asterophorum (Bonorden) Donk, 1957, Fungus 27: 28, VP; bas.: Hypochnus asterophorus Bonorden, current genus: Tylospora.
Tylosperma fibrillosum (Burt) Donk, 1957, Fungus 27: 28, VP; bas.: Hypochnus fibrillosus Burt, current genus: Tylospora.
Tylospora asterophora (Bonorden) Donk, 1960, Taxon 9: 220, VP; bas.: Hypochnus asterophorus Bonorden, current genus: Tylospora.
Tylospora fibrillosa (Burt) Donk, 1960, Taxon 9: 220, VP; bas.: Hypochnus fibrillosus Burt, current genus: Tylospora.
Zygodesmus albidus Ellis & Halsted, 1890, Bull. Torrey bot. Club 17: 152, INV, nomen nudum.
Zygodesmus amphiblistrum Saccardo, 1886, Syll. Fung. 4: 288, VP, nomen novum for Amphiblistrum hypochnoides Corda, non Zygodesmus hypochnoides Corda.
Zygodesmus argillaceus (P.Karsten) P.Karsten in Rabenhorst & Winter, 1884, Fungi eur. no 3188, VP; bas. Hypochnus argillaceus P.Karsten; syn. of: Hypochnus isabellinus Fries, current genus: Botryohypochnus.
Zygodesmus atroruber Peck, 1881, Bot. Gaz. 6: 288, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Zygodesmus avellaneus Saccardo, 1907, J. Mycol. 13: 48, VP.
Zygodesmus bicolor Cooke & Ellis, 1878, Grevillea 7: 6, VP; syn. of: Thelephora botryoides Schweinitz, current genus: Tomentella.
Zygodesmus calosporus Patouillard & Gaillard, 1888, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 4: 127, VP.
Zygodesmus casaresii (Gonzalez Fragoso) Trotter in Saccardo, 1931, Syll. Fung. 25: 780, VP; bas.: Zygodesmella casaresii Gonzalez Fragoso.
Zygodesmus chlorochaetes Ellis, 1881, North American Flora 423, VP; syn. of: Thelephora punicea Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr., current genus: Tomentella.
Zygodesmus cinereus Ellis & Everhart in Langlois, 1887, Cat. Pl. Basse‑Louisiana: 35, ILL, nomen nudum.
Zygodesmus effusus Berkeley & Curtis in Berkeley, 1875, Grevillea 3: 145, VP.
Zygodesmus ellisii Saccardo, 1886, Syll. Fung. 4: 808, VP, based on Zygodesmus ochraceus Sacc. 1882 non Corda 1837, current genus: Tomentella.
Zygodesmus ferrugineus Preuss, 1851, Linnaea 24: 109, VP.
Zygodesmus fibrosus Berkeley & Curtis in Berkeley, 1875, Grevillea 3: 145, VP, current genus: Tomentellina.
Zygodesmus fulvus Saccardo, 1880, Michelia 2: 147, VP; syn. of: Sporotrichum bryophilum Persoon: Fr., current genus: Tomentella.
Zygodesmus fuscus Corda, 1840, Icon. fung. 4: 26, VP. [p. 154]
Zygodesmus graminicola Ellis & Everhart in Millspaugh & Nuttall, 1896, Publ. Field Columb. Mus. Bot. 1: 190, VP.
Zygodesmus granulosus Peck, 1881, Bot. Gaz. 6: 277, VP; syn. of: Thelephora punicea Albertini & Schweinitz: Fr., current genus: Tomentella.
Zygodesmus guarapiensis Spegazzini, 1886, An. Soc. cient. argent. 22: 209, VP, not a basidiomycete.
Zygodesmus hydnoideus Berkeley & Curtis in Berkeley, 1875, Grevillea 3: 112, VP, nomen confusum.
Zygodesmus hypochnoides Corda, 1837, Icon. fung. 1: 11, VP.
Zygodesmus indigoferus Ellis & Everhart, 1885, J. Mycol. 1: 149, VP.
Zygodesmus isabellinus P.Karsten, 1905, Acta Soc. Fauna Flora fenn. 27(4): 11, VP, not a basidiomycete.
Zygodesmus lacteus Ellis & Everhart, 1891, Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philad.: 87, INV, nomen nudun.
Zygodesmus laevisporus Cooke, 1878, Grevillea 6: 139, VP.
Zygodesmus limoniisporus Ellis & Everhart, 1891, Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philad.: 87, VP.
Zygodesmus marginatus Cooke & Harkness, 1884, Grevillea 12: 97, VP; syn. of: Hypochnus isabellinus Fries, current genus: Botryohypochnus.
Zygodesmus melonisporus Maire, 1931, Bull. Soc. Hist. nat. Afr. N. 22: 23, VP.
Zygodesmus membranaceus Ellis & Everhart, 1888, J. Mycol. 4: 54, VP.
Zygodesmus muricatus Ellis & Everhart, 1884, Bull. Torrey bot. Club 11: 17, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Zygodesmus nodosus Preuss, 1851, Linnaea 24: 74, VP.
Zygodesmus obtusus Ellis & Everhart, 1889, J. Mycol. 5: 84, VP, nomen nudum.
Zygodesmus ochraceus Corda, 1837, Icon. Fung. 1: 11. VP.
Zygodesmus ochraceus Saccardo, 1882, Michelia 2: 565, ILL, non Zygodesmus ochraceus Corda 1837; syn. of: Zygodesmus ellisii Saccardo, current genus: Tomentella.
Zygodesmus olivacea Ellis & Everhart, 1885, J. Mycol. 1: 149, VP.
Zygodesmus olivascens Berkeley & Curtis in Berkeley, 1875, Grevillea 3: 145, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Zygodesmus pallidofulvus Peck, 1906, Bull. N.Y. St. Mus. 105: 30, VP; syn. of: Sporotrichum bryophilum Persoon: Fr., current genus: Tomentella.
Zygodesmus pannosus Berkeley & Curtis in Berkeley, 1875, Grevillea 3: 112, VP, nomen confusum.
Zygodesmus phyllophilus P.Karsten & Hariot, 1890, J. Bot. (Morot) 4: 362, VP.
Zygodesmus pirolae Ellis & Halsted, 1890, J. Mycol. 6: 34, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Zygodesmus pubidus Ellis & Everhart, 1900, Bull. Torrey bot. Club 27: 50, VP.
Zygodesmus ramosissimus Berkeley & Curtis in Berkeley, 1875, Grevillea 3: 145, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Zygodesmus rubiginosus Peck, 1878, Rep. N.Y. St. Mus. nat. Hist. 30: 58, VP, non Tomentella rubiginosa (Bres.) R.Maire; syn. of: Tomentella umbrinospora M.J.Larsen.
Zygodesmus rudis Ellis, 1882, Bull. Torrey bot. Club 9: 98.
Zygodesmus serbicus Ranojevic, 1910, Annls mycol. 8: 397, VP, cf. Chromelosporium.
Zygodesmus stercorarius P.Karsten, 1890, Hedwigia 29: 178, VP.
Zygodesmus sublilacinus Ellis & Holway in Arthur & al., 1887, Bull. Minn. geol. nat. Hist. Surv. bot. Ser. 3: 34, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Zygodesmus tenuissimus Peck, 1894, Rep. St. Bot. 1893: 26, VP, syn. of Hypochnus isabellinus Fries, current genus: Botryohypochnus.
Zygodesmus terrestris Berkeley & Broome, 1881, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., V, 7: 130, VP, current genus: Tomentella.
Zygodesmus tiliaceus Ellis & Everhart in Millspaugh, 1913, W. Va geol. Surv. 5: 35, VP, nomen nudum. [p. 155]
Zygodesmus trachychaetes Ellis & Everhart, 1888, J. Mycol. 4: 106, VP; syn. of: Sporotrichum lapidum Persoon, current genus: Tomentella.
Zygodesmus truncatus P.Karsten, 1896, Hedwigia 35: 49, VP.
Zygodesmus tubercularis Ellis & Everhart, 1891, Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philad.: 87, VP; syn. of Hypochnus isabellinus Fries, current genus: Botryohypochnus.
Zygodesmus umbrinus A.L.Smith, 1901, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 35: 12, VP.
Zygodesmus versiformis (Saccardo) Saccardo, 1886, Syll. Fung. 4: 285, VP; bas.: Zygodesmus nodosum var. versiforme Saccardo.
Zygodesmus violaceofuscus Saccardo, 1881, Michelia 2: 293, VP; syn. of: Sporotrichum lapidum Persoon, current genus: Tomentella.

 

Acknowledgements

The author is grateful to drs E. Parmasto and P.-J. Keyzer for critical comments and helpfull discussions, to Dr. W. Gams for editing and Dr. Ryvarden and curators of various herbaria for the loan of specimens. He is especially indebted to U. Köljalg for discussions concerning both taxonomy and specimens in the tomentelloid genera during a short stay in Tartu.

 

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