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Order Fungi of New Zealand / Ngā Hekaheka o Aotearoa Volume 6
Agaricales (Basidiomycota) of New Zealand. 2. Brown spored genera p.p.
Crepidotus, Flammulaster, Inocybe, Phaeocollybia, Phaeomarasmius, Pleuroflammula, Pyrrhoglossum, Simocybe, Tubaria and Tympanella

Author: Egon Horak.
Details: 205 pp., fully illustrated with colour pictures (A4 format), paperback, 2018.
Price: € 55,-
ISBN: 978-94-91751-13-4

Abstract

This volume treats the majority of New Zealand’s agaric genera with a brown to rust brown spore print that have traditionally been placed in the families Crepidotaceae, Cortinariaceae and Galeropsidaceae. Excluded are fungi from the species-rich and taxonomically difficult genus Cortinarius and its segregates. This volume provides descriptions, illustrations, and colour photographs of all the species presently known from New Zealand for the ten treated genera, together with keys for the identification of both the genera and the New Zealand species.
Twenty-six Crepidotus species are accepted for New Zealand, including 21 described as new. Twenty-two of these species are endemic, another two indigenous and known also from Australia and/or New Guinea, and two are possibly exotic. These fungi are typically small, the stipe eccentric, poorly developed or absent, and cap dorsally or laterally attached to the substrate. Ecologically, they are saprobic, perhaps rarely parasitic, on rotting bark or wood.
Three species are accepted in Flammulaster for New Zealand, one endemic, the others indigenous and known also from southern South America. Ecologically, these fungi are saprobic on soil among litter or on rotten bark/wood/leaves of broadleaf trees, conifers and monocotyledonous plants.  They are small, fragile agarics with a pale brown spore print.
Forty-three species of Inocybe are recorded for New Zealand, one with two varieties and a further species is tentatively accepted for New Zealand. Nineteen species are described here as new. All of the taxa treated are accepted as indigenous, 43 are endemic and two also found in tropical Asia. In New Zealand these fungi are ectomycorrhizal with Kunzea, Leptospermum or Nothofagus. These agaricoid fungi typically have fibrillose or squamulose caps and often have distinctive odours.
Phaeocollybia species are saprobic or parasitic on roots, typically the stipe tapers to a long, rooting base. Eight species are recognized from New Zealand but two remain undescribed because they are from single, poor specimens. Of the six named species, three are newly described here. Five of these species are endemic, the other indigenous and found also in Australia and Papua New Guinea.
Phaeomarasmius is a genus of saprobic agarics with small, tough fruiting bodies. One endemic species is accepted for New Zealand and it is described here as new.
Pleuroflammula includes small, saprobic fungi with stipes poorly developed or lacking, the cap attached directly to the decaying woody substrate on which these fungi grow. Two species are accepted for New Zealand, both endemic.
Pyrrhoglossum is biologically and macroscopically similar to Pleuroflammula. Two indigenous species are accepted for New Zealand, one endemic, the other widely distributed in tropical Asia.
Simocybe species are saprobic agarics typically with the dry cap having a wrinkled, velvety or granular surface. Seven species are accepted for New Zealand, one of these is described here as new. Five of the species are endemic to New Zealand, the other two found also in south eastern Australia.
Fifteen Tubaria species are accepted for New Zealand, 10 described here as new. Thirteen of the species are endemic, the other two found also in Australia and Papua New Guinea. These saprobic agarics typically have broadly attached or subdecurrent gills and veil remnants covering the dry caps.
The single endemic Tympanella species is characterized by its secotioid fruiting body. It is saprobic on soil amongst litter in all kinds of forest.

He Rāpopotonga

E kōrero ana tēnei upoko mō te nuinga o ngā puninga harore e parauri ki te kākata ana te puehu pua atua, kua roa nei e taka mai ana ki raro i ngā whānau o te Crepidotaceae, te Cortinariaceae me te Galeropsidaceae. Kāore e kōrerohia ngā harore he maha nei ōna momo, he uaua anō te hoatu ki  te pūnaha whakarōpū tika, arā, ērā o te puninga Cortinarius me ōna wehewehenga. Kua takoto mai ki tēnei upoko he whakamārama, he tānga me ētahi whakaahua whai kano o ngā momo katoa e mōhiotia ana nō Aotearoa mō ngā puninga tekau e kōrerohia ana, tae atu ki ngā tohu mō te tautuhi i te puninga me te momo o Aotearoa.
E rua tekau mā ono ngā momo Crepidotus e whakaaehia ana mō Aotearoa, tae atu ki ētahi momo e 21 e kīia ana he hou. E rua tekau mā rua ngā momo kei Aotearoa anahe, e rua atu anō nō Aotearoa taketake engari e mōhiotia ana anō i Ahitereiria me New Guinea, tētahi rānei o ēnei whenua, e rua atu anō e whakapaetia ana i tae mai i tawhiti. Ko te nuinga o ngā harore nei he ririki, e autaha ana te tipu o te kakau, he waitau, e ngaro ana rānei, ko te pōtae e piri angamate ana, e piri kōtaha ana rānei i tōna pae oranga. Taha hauropi nei, he hamupirau, me uaua ka pirinoa, ki te hiako me te rākau pirau.
E toru ngā momo Flammulaster e whakaaehia ana mō Aotearoa, kotahi kei Aotearoa anahe, ko ētahi he harore taketake engari e mōhiotia ana anō i te taha tonga o Amerika ki te Tonga. Taha hauropi nei, he harore hamupirau ēnei i te one i waenga parahanga, i runga rānei i te hiako/i te rākau/i te rau hanehane o te rākau raurapa, o te rākau koroī me ngā tipu pātaka-moke. He harore ririki, he kōpīpī, he pākā kōrito te puehu pua atua.
E whā tekau mā toru ngā momo Inocybe kua tuhia mō Aotearoa, ko tētahi e rua ōna momo whāiti, ko tētahi atu e āhua whakaaetia ana mō Aotearoa. Tekau mā iwa ngā momo e kīia ana i konei he hou. Katoa ngā momo e kōrerohia ana e whakaaetia ana he momo taketake, e 43 nō konei anahe, e rua ka kitea anō i te whenua pārūrū o Āhia. I Aotearoa nei, he harore taupuhipuhi ēnei ki te Kunzea, ki te Leptospermum ki te Nothofagus rānei. Ko te nuinga o ngā harore nei, me te kākoa, me te ūnahi rānei ngā pōtae, ka mutu he haunga motuhake tō ētahi.
Ko te momo o te Phaeocollybia he hamupirau, he pirinoa rānei ki te paiaka, ko te kaka o te nuinga ka kawiti ki tōna pūtake paiaka roroa. E waru ngā momo e mōhiotia ana nō Aotearoa engari arā ētahi momo e rua kāore anō i oti te whakamārama i te mea kotahi anō tōna tauira, ehara i te tauira pai. O ngā momo e ono kua whakaingoatia, he whakamārama hou kei konei mō ētahi momo e toru. E rima o ēnei momo ka kitea i Aotearoa anahe, ko tētahi atu he momo taketake engari ka kitea anō i Ahitereiria me Papua New Guinea.
He puninga harore hamupirau te Phaeomarasmius, he ririki, he pūioio te hanga. Ko tētahi momo kei konei anahe e whakaaetia ana mō Aotearoa, ka mutu e kīia ana i konei he hou.
Ko ētahi o ngā Pleuroflammula he ririki, he harore hamupirau e waitau ana ngā kaka, kāore rānei he kaka, e piri hāngai ana te pōtae ki tōna pae oranga i te rākau pirau. E rua ngā momo e whakaaetia ana mō Aotearoa, e rua, e rua ka kitea i konei anahe.
Taha koiora, taha ki te karu, e rite ana te Pyrrhoglossum ki te Pleuroflammula. E rua ngā momo taketake e whakaaehia ana mō Aotearoa, ko tētahi kei konei anahe, ko tētahi ka kitea whānui i ngā whenua pārūrū o Āhia.
He harore hamupirau anō te Simocybe, he hākorukoru, he mōnehunehu, he māngūngungu te mata o tōna pōtae maroke. E whitu ngā momo e whakaaetia ana mō Aotearoa, ko tētahi e kīia ana i konei he hou. E rima ngā momo kei Aotearoa anahe, e rua ka kitea anō i te tonga-mā-whiti o Ahitereiria.
Tekau mā rima ngā momo Tubaria e whakaaetia ana mō Aotearoa, 10 e kīia ana i konei he hou. Tekau mā toru o te momo kei konei anahe, e rua ka kitea i Ahitereiria me Papua New Guinea. Ko te nuinga o ngā harore hamupirau nei he piri whānui ngā pihapiha, ka paku heke rānei i te kaka, he toenga kiriuhi anō e uhi ana i te pōtae maroke.
Ko te momo kotahi ka kitea i Aotearoa anahe e kīia ana he Tympanella, ka mōhiotia i tana hanga, kāore nei e tuwhera ki te tuku i ana pua atua. He hamupirau i te oneone i waenga parahanga i ngā momo ngahere katoa.

 

     
 
Studies in Mycology No. 90 by Webmaster SIM 2018-07-13 13:34:49
 
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