Search on : Aphyllophoroid Russulales species



General information

 Taxon name_Mycobank:


Macroscopic characters
Basidiome shape:
pustulate no
circular yes
effused no
effused-reflexed no
discoid, cupulate yes
ungulate no
console shaped no
dimidiate no
spathullate no
flabellate no
infundibuliform no
laterally stipitate no
centrally stipitate no
 Basidiome thickness (mm):0.2 - 1 
Basidiome texture:
arachnoid, byssoid, hypochnoid no
pellicular no
membranaceous no
pruinose no
ceraceous yes
gelatinous no
cartilagineous no
coriaceous yes
pulverulent no
crustose no
carneous, fleshy no
woody, corky no
Colour of pileus surface:
white to cream yes
buff to ochraceous no
yellow no
orange no
red no
pink no
violaceous no
grey no
blue no
green no
olivaceous no
brown no
purplish no
black no
Hymenial surface:
even, smooth yes
tuberculate no
grandinioid, odontoid no
hydnoid no
raduloid, irpicoid no
phlebioid, merulioid no
poroid no
folded, with linear ridges no
lamellate no
with sterile fascicles no
Colour of hymenial surface:
white to cream no
buff to ochraceous no
yellow yes
orange yes
red no
pink yes
violaceous no
grey no
blue no
green no
olivaceous no
brown no
purplish no
black no
Microscopic characters
Types of tramal hyphae:
generative, thin-walled yes
generative, with distinctly thickened walls yes
truncate with dichotomously branched apex (dendro- or dichophysen) no
unbranched nearly solid hyphae no
branched thick-walled to nearly solid hyphae no
Hyphal swellings:
inflated hyphae no
inflation at septa (ampullate) no
vesicular no
 Hyphal swellings width (µm):0 
Hyphal agglutination:
embedded in gelatinized matrix no
hyphal wall gelatinized yes
Generative hyphal wall, colour:
hyaline yes
yellowish to brown yes
 Generative hyphal width (µm):3 - 7 
absent no
scattered, rare, single, no
present in (sub)hymenium, lacking at many septa of basal hyphae no
scattered, some multiple no
present at (nearly) all primary septa yes
 Lamprocystidia length (µm):0 
Gloeocystidia shape :
cylindrical yes
fusiform no
clavate yes
vesicular no
with monilioid constrictions yes
schizopapilla yes
 Lamprocystidia width (µm):0 
 Gloeocystidia length (µm):0 
 Gloeocystidia width (µm):4 - 7 
unbranched yes
dendrohyphidia yes
dichohyphidia no
asterohyphidia no
(pseudo)acanthohyphidia no
acutohyphidia no
 Hyphidia wall thickness:thick-walled  
Basidia shape:
cylindrical yes
clavate yes
with constriction no
globose, ovoid or broadly ellipsoid no
 Basidia length (µm):150 - 250 
 Basidia width (µm):25 - 28 
 Number of sterigmata:4 
Basidiospores shape:
globose no
subglobose yes
(ob)ovoid no
ellipsoid yes
cylindrical no
bacilliform no
reniform no
irregular, lobed no
allantoid no
sigmoid no
citriform or D-shaped no
pip-shaped, lacrymoid no
fusiform no
D-shaped no
caudate no
Basidiospores ornamentation:
smooth no
roughened no
with ridges or ribs no
warted no
echinulate to spinulose yes
 Basidiospore wall thickness:variable 
 Chlamydospores presence:absent 
 Spores amyloid:amyloid 
 Spores width (µm):18 - 24 (28) 
 Spores length (µm):22 - 32 (39) 
Chemical reactions
 Suprahilar plage amyloid:not amyloid 
 AMA (dextrinoid) hyphae:negative 
 Contents sulpo-positive:negative 
gymnosperm yes
angiosperm no
soil no


 Large subunit (LSU):