Polyphasic identification Help Icon
 
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  • Polyphasic identification parameters
    Minimum similarity to keep identification results (0-100):
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Item name  


Altitude    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Substratum    Go to top of form  
?
Lignicolous
Terricolous
Terricolous/lignicolous

Continent:    Go to top of form  
Africa:?  No  Variable  Yes  
North America:?  No  Variable  Yes  
S. and C. America:?  No  Variable  Yes  
Asia:?  No  Variable  Yes  
Australia:?  No  Variable  Yes  
Europe:?  No  Variable  Yes  

Stipe

Width of stipe    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Veil    Go to top of form  
?
Absent
Present
Variable

Form of base of stipe    Go to top of form  
?
Not radicate
Radicate/root-like
Radicate/not radicate/var.

Form of stipe    Go to top of form  
?
Inflated towards the base (/)
Straight/centrally inflated
Inflated at base to straight
Inflated towards the top (V)
Inflat. at base or top or both
Inflated at top to straight
Infl. at top/base/straight

Context of stipe    Go to top of form  
?
Completely hollow
Partly hollow
Partly to completely hollow
Solid, spongy
Completely hollow to solid
Partly hollow to solid/both
Solid/partly hol./compl. hol.

Main color(s) of stipe:    Go to top of form  
grey/black:?  No  Variable  Yes  
brown:?  No  Variable  Yes  
white:?  No  Variable  Yes  
yellow/cream:?  No  Variable  Yes  
orange:?  No  Variable  Yes  
red/pink:?  No  Variable  Yes  
purple/vinaceous:?  No  Variable  Yes  
green:?  No  Variable  Yes  
blue:?  No  Variable  Yes  

Length of stipe    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Pileus

Type of pileipellis    Go to top of form  
?
Smooth
Squamose/pelliculose/granul.
Smooth to squamose or both
Cracked, fissured
Smooth to cracked or both
Cracked to squamose or both
Smooth/Squamose/Cracked

Striations of pileus    Go to top of form  
?
Absent
Weak (less than mid-radius)
Absent to weak or both
Strong (<= to mid-radius)
Absent to strong
Weak to strong or both
Absent/weak/strong

Viscosity of pileus    Go to top of form  
?
Never viscid nor viscous
Viscid/viscous even if dry
Variable

Form of center of pileus    Go to top of form  
?
Concave/depressed
Plane/flat
Concave to plane or both
Convex/umbonate/bullate
Concave/convex/umbonate
Plane to convex or both
Conc./plane/conv./umbil./umbo.

Separability of pileus    Go to top of form  
?
Nil (0%)
Medium (from25% to 75%)
Nil to medium or both
Complete (100%)
Medium to complete or both
Nil/Medium/Complete

Thickness of flesh of pileus

Thickness of flesh of pileus    Go to top of form  
?
Thin
Thick
Medium or both

Thickness of flesh of pileus    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Main color(s) of pileus:    Go to top of form  
grey/black:?  No  Variable  Yes  
brown:?  No  Variable  Yes  
white:?  No  Variable  Yes  
yellow/cream:?  No  Variable  Yes  
orange:?  No  Variable  Yes  
red/pink:?  No  Variable  Yes  
purple/vinaceous:?  No  Variable  Yes  
green:?  No  Variable  Yes  
blue:?  No  Variable  Yes  

Diameter of pileus    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Lamellae

Spacing of lamellae    Go to top of form  
?
Distant
Close
Variable

Number of lamellulae    Go to top of form  
?
Less than lamellae
More than lamellae
Variable or equal number

Furcation of lamellae    Go to top of form  
?
Absent
At or close to the stipe only
At the stipe/absent
Everywhere (min 3 to 4/carp.)
Everywhere/absent
At the stipe/everywhere/var.
At the stipe/everywhere/absent

Color of ridges of lamellae    Go to top of form  
?
Fully concolorous with faces
Not concolorous with faces
Variable in color

Attachment of lamellae    Go to top of form  
?
Decurrent
Adnate
Adnate to decurrent/subdecur.
Free
Free/decurrent
Free to adnate/subfree/both
Decurrent/adnate/free

Type of lamellae    Go to top of form  
?
Fragile/breakable
Elastic
Fragile to elastic or both

Type of lamellar ridges    Go to top of form  
?
Entire/smooth
Fimbriate/dentate/crenate
Entire to fimbriate or both

Main color(s) of lamellae:    Go to top of form  
grey/black:?  No  Variable  Yes  
brown:?  No  Variable  Yes  
white:?  No  Variable  Yes  
yellow/cream:?  No  Variable  Yes  
orange:?  No  Variable  Yes  
red/pink:?  No  Variable  Yes  
purple/vinaceous:?  No  Variable  Yes  
green:?  No  Variable  Yes  
blue:?  No  Variable  Yes  

Height of lamellae    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Odor    Go to top of form  
?
Strong and pleasant
None
Variable/weak and pleasant
Strong and unpleasant
Strong and unpleasant/pleasant
Variable/weak and unpleasant
None/pleas./unpleas./w./strong

Flavor of flesh    Go to top of form  
?
No taste, sweet
Bitter, acrid, pungent
Sweet to bitter or both
Burning, unbearable
From sweet to burning or both
Bitter to burning or both
No taste/sweet/bitter/burning

Color changes

Fruit body turns green/blue with age    Go to top of form  
?
Not turning green/blue
Stipe only
Var./weak coloring of stipe
Pileus/lamellae only
W/v react. on pileus/lamellae
Entire fruit body
All/partial/no changes

Fruit body turns red if touched/cut    Go to top of form  
?
Not turning red
Stipe only
Var./weak reddening of stipe
Pileus/lamellae only
W/v. red. of pileus/lamellae
Entire fruit body reddening
All/partial/no reddening

Fruit body turns yellow-brown with age    Go to top of form  
?
Not turning yellow-brown
Stipe only
Var./weak change on stipe
Pileus/lamellae only
W/v. change on pileus/lamellae
Entire fruit body
All/partial/no color change

Fruit body turns br. yellow if touched    Go to top of form  
?
Not turning bright yellow
Stipe only
Var./weak yellowing stipe
Pileus/lamellae only
W/v yellow. of pileus/lamellae
Entire fruit body yellowing
All/partial/no yellowing

Fruit body turns black with age/touched    Go to top of form  
?
Not blackening
Stipe only
Var./weak blackening of stipe
Pileus/lamellae only
W/v black. of pileus/lamellae
Entire fruit body
All/partial/no blackening

Fruit body turns grey with age    Go to top of form  
?
Not turning grey
Stipe only
Var./weak on stipe
Pileus/lamellae only
W/V on pileus/lamellae
Entire fruit body
All/partial/no turning grey

Chemical reactions

Sulfo-vanillin test on flesh    Go to top of form  
?
No color changes
Blue/black/red/pur./or./brown
Var./weak reaction

FeSO4 test on flesh    Go to top of form  
?
No color changes
Green/green-grey
No react. to green-grey/weak
Pink/pink-orange/brown-grey
No react. to pink/weak react.
Var./pink-brown to green-grey
Pink/green/no reaction

Ga´ac test on flesh    Go to top of form  
?
No color changes
Blue/green
Variable/weak reaction

Phenol test on flesh    Go to top of form  
?
No color changes
Brown/purple/vinaceous
Variable/weak reaction

Aniline test on flesh    Go to top of form  
?
No color changes
Red on carp./yellow on lamel.
Variable/weak reaction

NH4OH test on flesh    Go to top of form  
?
No color changes
Red
Variable/weak reaction

Formol test on flesh    Go to top of form  
?
No color changes
Carmine red
Variable/weak reaction

Latex

Latex    Go to top of form  
?
Absent
Present
Sometimes present/doubtful

Color(s) of fresh latex:    Go to top of form  
grey/black:?  No  Variable  Yes  
brown:?  No  Variable  Yes  
white:?  No  Variable  Yes  
yellow/cream:?  No  Variable  Yes  
orange:?  No  Variable  Yes  
red/pink:?  No  Variable  Yes  
purple/vinaceous:?  No  Variable  Yes  
green:?  No  Variable  Yes  
blue:?  No  Variable  Yes  

Color(s) of dry latex:    Go to top of form  
grey/black:?  No  Variable  Yes  
brown:?  No  Variable  Yes  
white:?  No  Variable  Yes  
yellow/cream:?  No  Variable  Yes  
orange:?  No  Variable  Yes  
red/pink:?  No  Variable  Yes  
purple/vinaceous:?  No  Variable  Yes  
green:?  No  Variable  Yes  
blue:?  No  Variable  Yes  

Main color(s) of Exsiccata:    Go to top of form  
grey/black:?  No  Variable  Yes  
brown:?  No  Variable  Yes  
white:?  No  Variable  Yes  
yellow/cream:?  No  Variable  Yes  
orange:?  No  Variable  Yes  
red/pink:?  No  Variable  Yes  
purple/vinaceous:?  No  Variable  Yes  
green:?  No  Variable  Yes  
blue:?  No  Variable  Yes  

Spores

Length of spores    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Width of spores    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Spore length divided by spore width (Q)    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Amyloid plage    Go to top of form  
?
Absent
Present
Variable/partial/weak

Appearance of spores verrucae    Go to top of form  
?
Tips round./truncat./cylindr.
Tips acute/sharp/pointed (/)
Tips acute to rounded/both
No ornament./smooth or so

Ornamentations in surface view    Go to top of form  
?
Round bases
Irregular
Round bases to irregular/both
Linear
Irregular to linear or both
Round basis/irregular/linear
Smooth or no ornamentations

Connection(s) between verrucae    Go to top of form  
?
Joined by fine and low lines
Crest like/catenulate
Crest like/joined fine lines
No ornament./smooth or so

Overall appearance of spores    Go to top of form  
?
Not reticulate
Partly reticulate
Not to partly reticulate/both
Completely reticulate
Not/completely reticulate
Partly to complet. retic./both
Not/part./complet. reticulate
No ornament./smooth

Height of verrucae    Go to top of form  
?
0 <= x <= 0.5 µm
0.5 < x < 2 µm
Variable from 0 to 2 µm
x > = 2 µm
Var., 0.5 to more than 2 µm
All sizes possible

Color of spore deposit    Go to top of form  

Basidia

Length of basidia    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Width of basidia    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Number of sterigmata per basidium    Go to top of form  
?
Two
Four
2/3/4
Other than 2, 3 and 4

Sterigmata

Length of sterigmata    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Width of sterigmata    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Pleurocystidia

Length of pleurocystidia    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Width of pleurocystidia    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Length of pleurocystidial emergence    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Thickness of wall of pleurocystidia    Go to top of form  
?
Thin (all structures < 2 µm)
Thick/some structures >= 2 µm
Variable/doubtful
Pleurocystidia absent

Shape of apices of pleurocystidia    Go to top of form  
?
Mainly rounded
Mainly capit./append./acerate
Variable
Pleurocystidia absent

Sulfo-vanillin test on pleurocystidia    Go to top of form  
?
No color changes
Blue/black/red/pur./or./brown
Variable/weak reaction
Pleurocystidia absent

Pleurocystidia abundance:    Go to top of form  
absent:?  No  Variable  Yes  
very dispersed 0-350/mm²:?  No  Variable  Yes  
dispersed 350-700/mm²:?  No  Variable  Yes  
rather abund 700-1500/mm²:?  No  Variable  Yes  
abundant 1500-3000/mm²:?  No  Variable  Yes  
very abundant >3000/mm²:?  No  Variable  Yes  

Marginal cells

Length of marginal cells    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Width of marginal cells    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Subhymenium

Thickness of subhymenium    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Thickness of pileus cuticle    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Thickness of suprapellis    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Thickness of subpellis    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Subhymenium    Go to top of form  
?
Filamentous
Pseudoparenchymatous
Filament. to pseudoparenchym.
Absent

Differentiation of supra and subpellis    Go to top of form  
?
Absent
Obvious
Variable/doubtful

Size of cells in supra and subpellis    Go to top of form  
?
Same in size
Different in size
Var./sometimes diff. in size

Gelification of subpellis    Go to top of form  
?
Not gelified (no gel. matrix)
Strongly gelified
Weakly to strongly gelified
Absence of subpellis

Pileocystidia

Length of pileocystidia    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Width of pileocystidia    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Location of pileocystidia    Go to top of form  
?
Suprapellis
Subpellis
In supra/subpellis
Trama
In trama/subpellis
Trama/supra/subpellis
Pileocystidia absent

Septation of pileocystidia    Go to top of form  
?
Usually aseptate
Usually septate
Septation variable
Pileocystidia absent

Shape of apices of pileocystidia    Go to top of form  
?
Mainly rounded
Mainly capit./append./acerate
Variable
Pileocystidia absent

Sulfo-vanillin test on pileocystidia    Go to top of form  
?
No color changes
Blue/black/red/pur./or./brown
Variable/weak reaction
Pileocystidia absent

Cresyl blue test on pileocystidia    Go to top of form  
?
No color changes
Becoming red
Variable/weak reaction
Pileocystidia absent

Hyphae of pileus

Diameter of subpellis hyphae    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Diameter of ends of pileipellis hyphae    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Diameter of primordial hyphae    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Aggregation of hyphal ends of pileus    Go to top of form  
?
Not in tufts
Aggregated in tufts
In tufts/not in tufts

Vacuolar pigments of hyphae of pileus    Go to top of form  
?
Absent
Present
Variable/weak

Membrane pigments of hyphae of pileus    Go to top of form  
?
Absent
Present
Variable/weak

Wall of hyphae of pileus    Go to top of form  
?
Thin (<1 µm)
Thickened (>=1 µm)
Thin/thickened

Filamentous hyphae of pileus    Go to top of form  
?
Absent
Present
Variable/sometimes present

Stipitipellis

Thickness of stipitipellis    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Diameter of hyphal ends of stipitipellis    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Length of hyphal ends of stipitipellis    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Caulocystidia

Length of caulocystidia    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Width of caulocystidia    Go to top of form  
Min:Max:

Thickness of wall of cheilocystidia    Go to top of form  
?
Thin (all structures < 2 µm)
Thick/some structures >= 2 µm
Variable/doubtful
Cheilocystidia absent