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General information

 Substratum:Terricolous 
 
Continent::
Africa no
North America no
S. and C. America no
 
Asia no
Australia no
Europe yes
 
 Authority:Bres. 
 Information given by author(s):Incrustatae amethystinae
Type : ?
 
 Host(s):Deciduous (?), Coniferous (?) 
 Taxon name_Mycobank:
 
 Bibliography:
 

Macro-characters

 
Stipe
 Width of stipe:6 - 15 
 Veil:Absent 
 Form of base of stipe:Not radicate 
 Form of stipe:Inflat. at base or top or both 
 Context of stipe:Solid, spongy 
 
Main color(s) of stipe::
grey/black no
brown no
white yes
yellow/cream no
blue no
 
orange no
red/pink no
purple/vinaceous no
green no
   
 
 Length of stipe:40 - 60 
 
Pileus
 Type of pileipellis:Squamose/pelliculose/granul. 
 Striations of pileus:Absent to weak or both 
 Viscosity of pileus:Variable 
 Form of center of pileus:Conc./plane/conv./umbil./umbo. 
 Separability of pileus:Medium to complete or both 
 
Thickness of flesh of pileus
 
Main color(s) of pileus::
grey/black variable
brown no
white variable
yellow/cream no
blue yes
 
orange no
red/pink no
purple/vinaceous yes
green no
   
 
 Diameter of pileus:30 - 80 (100) 
 
Lamellae
 Spacing of lamellae:Close 
 Furcation of lamellae:At the stipe/everywhere/var. 
 Color of ridges of lamellae:Fully concolorous with faces 
 Attachment of lamellae:Free/decurrent 
 Type of lamellar ridges:Entire/smooth 
 
Main color(s) of lamellae::
grey/black no
brown no
white yes
yellow/cream no
blue no
 
orange no
red/pink no
purple/vinaceous no
green no
   
 
 Height of lamellae:5 - 9 
 Odor:None 
 Flavor of flesh:No taste, sweet 
 
Color changes
 Fruit body turns green/blue with age:Not turning green/blue 
 Fruit body turns red if touched/cut:Not turning red 
 Fruit body turns br. yellow if touched:Not turning bright yellow 
 Fruit body turns black with age/touched:Not blackening 
 Fruit body turns grey with age:Not turning grey 
 
Latex
 Latex:Absent 
 
Color(s) of fresh latex::
grey/black no
brown no
white no
yellow/cream no
blue no
 
orange no
red/pink no
purple/vinaceous no
green no
   
 
 
Color(s) of dry latex::
grey/black no
brown no
white no
yellow/cream no
blue no
 
orange no
red/pink no
purple/vinaceous no
green no
   
 

Micro-characters

 
Spores
 Length of spores:8 - 10 (12) 
 Width of spores:7 - 8.5 (9) 
 Amyloid plage:Variable/partial/weak 
 Appearance of spores verrucae:Tips acute to rounded/both 
 Ornamentations in surface view:Irregular 
 Connection(s) between verrucae:Crest like/joined fine lines 
 Overall appearance of spores:Not to partly reticulate/both 
 Color of spore deposit:1 
 Pictures from Romagnesi, 1967_Link:
  • 3\281a1.jpg
  • 3\281a2.jpg
 
 
Basidia
 Length of basidia:35 - 40 (56) 
 Width of basidia:10 - 13 
 Number of sterigmata per basidium:Four 
 
Pleurocystidia
 Length of pleurocystidia:55 - 75 
 Width of pleurocystidia:9 - 14 
 Thickness of wall of pleurocystidia:Thin (all structures < 2 µm) 
 Shape of apices of pleurocystidia:Mainly rounded 
 Sulfo-vanillin test on pleurocystidia:Variable/weak reaction 
 
Pleurocystidia abundance::
absent no
very dispersed 0-350/mm² yes
dispersed 350-700/mm² variable
 
rather abund 700-1500/mm² no
abundant 1500-3000/mm² no
very abundant >3000/mm² no
 
 
Marginal cells
 Length of marginal cells:0 
 Width of marginal cells:0 
 
Subhymenium
 Differentiation of supra and subpellis:Obvious 
 Size of cells in supra and subpellis:Same in size 
 
Pileocystidia
 Location of pileocystidia:Pileocystidia absent 
 Septation of pileocystidia:Pileocystidia absent 
 Shape of apices of pileocystidia:Pileocystidia absent 
 Sulfo-vanillin test on pileocystidia:Pileocystidia absent 
 Cresyl blue test on pileocystidia:Pileocystidia absent 
 
Hyphae of pileus
 Vacuolar pigments of hyphae of pileus:Present 
 Membrane pigments of hyphae of pileus:Absent 
 Wall of hyphae of pileus:Thin (<1 µm) 
 Filamentous hyphae of pileus:Absent 
 
Caulocystidia
 Thickness of wall of cheilocystidia:Thin (all structures < 2 µm)