Search on : Russula species



General information

Africa no
North America no
S. and C. America no
Asia no
Australia no
Europe yes
 Authority:(Secr.) Gill. 
 Synonyms and close species:C: R. densifolia f. densissima Schaeffer (or densissima ?), R. adusta Lange against Mnller,
R. virginea Cook (?)
 Information given by author(s):Compactae nigricantinae
France: many
Type: Romagnesi 55-165
 Host(s):Deciduous, Coniferous 
 Taxon name_Mycobank:


 Width of stipe:7 - 15 
 Form of base of stipe:Not radicate 
 Form of stipe:Infl. at top/base/straight 
 Context of stipe:Partly hollow to solid/both 
Main color(s) of stipe::
grey/black yes
brown yes
white yes
yellow/cream no
blue no
orange no
red/pink yes
purple/vinaceous no
green no
 Length of stipe:15 - 40 
 Type of pileipellis:Smooth to cracked or both 
 Striations of pileus:Absent 
 Viscosity of pileus:Never viscid nor viscous 
 Form of center of pileus:Concave to plane or both 
Thickness of flesh of pileus
 Thickness of flesh of pileus:Thick 
Main color(s) of pileus::
grey/black no
brown yes
white yes
yellow/cream variable
blue no
orange no
red/pink no
purple/vinaceous no
green no
 Diameter of pileus:30 - 70 
 Spacing of lamellae:Variable 
 Number of lamellulae:Variable or equal number 
 Furcation of lamellae:Absent 
 Color of ridges of lamellae:Fully concolorous with faces 
 Attachment of lamellae:Adnate to decurrent/subdecur. 
 Type of lamellar ridges:Entire/smooth 
Main color(s) of lamellae::
grey/black yes
brown yes
white no
yellow/cream yes
blue no
orange no
red/pink no
purple/vinaceous no
green no
 Height of lamellae:3 - 5 
 Odor:Variable/weak and unpleasant 
 Flavor of flesh:Sweet to bitter or both 
Color changes
 Fruit body turns green/blue with age:Pileus/lamellae only 
 Fruit body turns red if touched/cut:Not turning red 
 Fruit body turns yellow-brown with age:Not turning yellow-brown 
 Fruit body turns br. yellow if touched:Not turning bright yellow 
 Fruit body turns black with age/touched:Entire fruit body 
 Fruit body turns grey with age:Not turning grey 
Chemical reactions
 FeSO4 test on flesh:Green/green-grey 
Color(s) of fresh latex::
grey/black no
brown no
white no
yellow/cream no
blue no
orange no
red/pink no
purple/vinaceous no
green no
Color(s) of dry latex::
grey/black no
brown no
white no
yellow/cream no
blue no
orange no
red/pink no
purple/vinaceous no
green no


 Length of spores:6.5 - 8.2 
 Width of spores:5 - 6.5 
 Amyloid plage:Absent 
 Appearance of spores verrucae:Tips round./truncat./cylindr. 
 Ornamentations in surface view:Round basis/irregular/linear 
 Connection(s) between verrucae:Joined by fine and low lines 
 Overall appearance of spores:Not to partly reticulate/both 
 Height of verrucae:0 <= x <= 0.5 µm 
 Color of spore deposit:1 
 Pictures from Romagnesi, 1967_Link:
  • 3\81a.jpg
  • 3\81b.jpg
 Length of basidia:38 - 45 
 Width of basidia:8 - 9.5 
 Number of sterigmata per basidium:Four 
 Length of pleurocystidia:50 - 100 
 Width of pleurocystidia:5 - 6.5 
 Thickness of wall of pleurocystidia:Thin (all structures < 2 µm) 
 Shape of apices of pleurocystidia:Mainly capit./append./acerate 
 Sulfo-vanillin test on pleurocystidia:Variable/weak reaction 
Marginal cells
 Length of marginal cells:0 
 Width of marginal cells:0 
 Differentiation of supra and subpellis:Obvious 
 Size of cells in supra and subpellis:Same in size 
 Gelification of subpellis:Not gelified (no gel. matrix) 
 Location of pileocystidia:Suprapellis 
 Septation of pileocystidia:Usually aseptate 
 Shape of apices of pileocystidia:Mainly capit./append./acerate 
 Sulfo-vanillin test on pileocystidia:Variable/weak reaction 
 Cresyl blue test on pileocystidia:No color changes 
Hyphae of pileus
 Diameter of subpellis hyphae:3.5 - 8.5 (10) 
 Diameter of ends of pileipellis hyphae:4 - 13 
 Diameter of primordial hyphae:0 
 Vacuolar pigments of hyphae of pileus:Present 
 Membrane pigments of hyphae of pileus:Absent 
 Wall of hyphae of pileus:Thin (<1 µm) 
 Filamentous hyphae of pileus:Absent 
 Thickness of wall of cheilocystidia:Thin (all structures < 2 µm)