Search on : Russula species



General information

Africa no
North America no
S. and C. America no
Asia no
Australia no
Europe yes
 Synonyms and close species:S: R. rubicunda Quelet (?) 
 Information given by author(s):Incrustatae roseinae
Type : 8-34
 Host(s):Deciduous (Fagus, Quercus, Castanea) 
 Taxon name_Mycobank:


 Width of stipe:15 - 30 (40) 
 Form of base of stipe:Not radicate 
 Form of stipe:Inflated at base to straight 
 Context of stipe:Solid, spongy 
Main color(s) of stipe::
grey/black variable
brown no
white yes
yellow/cream no
blue no
orange no
red/pink variable
purple/vinaceous no
green no
 Length of stipe:20 - 70 (100) 
 Type of pileipellis:Smooth 
 Striations of pileus:Absent to weak or both 
 Viscosity of pileus:Variable 
 Form of center of pileus:Plane to convex or both 
 Separability of pileus:Medium (from25% to 75%) 
Thickness of flesh of pileus
Main color(s) of pileus::
grey/black no
brown no
white variable
yellow/cream variable
blue no
orange no
red/pink yes
purple/vinaceous no
green no
 Diameter of pileus:30 - 120 
 Spacing of lamellae:Variable 
 Furcation of lamellae:At the stipe/everywhere/var. 
 Color of ridges of lamellae:Fully concolorous with faces 
 Attachment of lamellae:Free to adnate/subfree/both 
 Type of lamellar ridges:Entire/smooth 
Main color(s) of lamellae::
grey/black no
brown variable
white yes
yellow/cream yes
blue no
orange no
red/pink no
purple/vinaceous no
green no
 Odor:Strong and pleasant 
 Flavor of flesh:Sweet to bitter or both 
Color changes
 Fruit body turns green/blue with age:Not turning green/blue 
 Fruit body turns red if touched/cut:Not turning red 
 Fruit body turns br. yellow if touched:All/partial/no yellowing 
 Fruit body turns grey with age:All/partial/no turning grey 
Chemical reactions
 Ga´ac test on flesh:Variable/weak reaction 
Color(s) of fresh latex::
grey/black no
brown no
white no
yellow/cream no
blue no
orange no
red/pink no
purple/vinaceous no
green no
Color(s) of dry latex::
grey/black no
brown no
white no
yellow/cream no
blue no
orange no
red/pink no
purple/vinaceous no
green no


 Length of spores:7 - 8.5 
 Width of spores:6.5 - 8 
 Amyloid plage:Present 
 Appearance of spores verrucae:Tips round./truncat./cylindr. 
 Ornamentations in surface view:Irregular 
 Connection(s) between verrucae:Joined by fine and low lines 
 Overall appearance of spores:Not to partly reticulate/both 
 Height of verrucae:0.5 < x < 2 µm 
 Color of spore deposit:21 
 Pictures from Romagnesi, 1967_Link:
  • 3\272a.jpg
 Length of basidia:43 - 60 
 Width of basidia:10 - 13 
 Number of sterigmata per basidium:2/3/4 
 Length of pleurocystidia:55 - 80 
 Width of pleurocystidia:8.5 - 13 (17) 
 Thickness of wall of pleurocystidia:Thick/some structures >= 2 µm 
 Shape of apices of pleurocystidia:Variable 
Pleurocystidia abundance::
absent no
very dispersed 0-350/mm² ?
dispersed 350-700/mm² ?
rather abund 700-1500/mm² ?
abundant 1500-3000/mm² ?
very abundant >3000/mm² ?
Marginal cells
 Length of marginal cells:0 
 Width of marginal cells:0 
 Differentiation of supra and subpellis:Obvious 
 Size of cells in supra and subpellis:Same in size 
Hyphae of pileus
 Diameter of ends of pileipellis hyphae:2 - 3.5 
 Diameter of primordial hyphae:2.7 - 4 
 Vacuolar pigments of hyphae of pileus:Present 
 Membrane pigments of hyphae of pileus:Absent 
 Wall of hyphae of pileus:Thin (<1 µm) 
 Filamentous hyphae of pileus:Absent 
 Diameter of hyphal ends of stipitipellis:7 - 8 
 Thickness of wall of cheilocystidia:Thick/some structures >= 2 µm