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Page number:167 
Description type:Non-original description 
Description:RAMARIA ROELLINII Schild. 1978. Schweiz. Zeitschr. Pilzk. 7: 97, figs. l, 2.
Type: ZT -- Switzerland, Vallon de l'Allondon above Malval (Geneva), leg. 0. Rollin; isotype, herb. Schild, no. 1076.
Colored Plate 4, Fig. 2; Pl. 5, Fig. 7; text Fig. 72. Fruitbodies 12-35 x 7-24 mm, sparsely to copiously branched in up to 4 ranks, subarbuscular. Stipe 4-8 x 0.6-2 mm, pallid ochraceous, subtended by a tangle of delicate, white rhizomorphic strands. Branches up to 2 mm thick, clear ocher-yellow when young (Seguy 258, 228-229); hymenium amphigenous; branch tips acute to (usually) obtuse and often cusped, paler than branches (Seguy 258, darkening in age to 262).
Odor mildly fresh, slightly penetrating; taste distinctly bitter and astringent.
Macrochemical reactions: positive in FSW (slowly dirty green), FSA (darker quicker), KOH (topper, leaching peach liquid), NOH (rosy topper, leaching rosy liquid), FCL (quickly green-black); negative in GUA, PYR, ANO.
Hyphae of rhizomorphic strands 2-3.5 µm diam, thin-walled, clamped, parellel; ampulliform clamps occasional, broadly pyriform, with wall up to 0.7 µm thick; crystals minute, abundant, stellate.
Tramal hyphae 2-10 µm diam, long-celled, thin- to slightly thick-walled (wall up to 0.5 µm thick), hyaline, clamped. Basidia 25-35 x 6-9.5 µm, clavate, clamped; contents granular
to guttulate; sterigmata (3)-4, up to 6.5 µm long, straight. Spores (Fig. 72) 6.5-8.0 x 3.5-4.5 µm (E = l.67-2.10; Em = 1.86; Lm = 7.35 µm), elliptic to broadly teardrop-shaped; contents homogeneous to multiguttulate, the guttules small, golden, refringent; wall up to 0.3 µm thick; apiculus eccentric, small, inconspicuous; ornamentation a mixture of long (up to 1 µm long) sharp spines and shorter rounded spines and warts.
With mosses and lichens; Europe.
OBSERVATIONS: Aside from the two collections from Switzerland reported by Schild, I have a few more, spanning a range from Denmark to north Italy, and northeastern U.S. The taxon is easily confused with R. flaccida s. str. from which it differs in small size, sparing branch pattern and smaller spores. Also close is R. decurrens, which occurs under deciduous trees and shows rather different spores in size and ornamentation. Cohabitation with mosses and lichens may well cause somewhat depauperate stature, but spore characters will serve to separate the taxon in any case. Other names, i.e., C. crispula, C. curta, C. pusilla, etc., doubtlessly have been used for the organism, and a thorough search of North Temperate herbaria may well establish R. roellinii as a relatively common fruiter.
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