CBS Biodiversity Series 8 by Webmaster Biodiversity Series 2016-02-06 18:24:13

The genera of the Parmulariaceae
Authors: Carlos Antonio Inácio and Paul F. Cannon
Details: 196pp., Hardcover, bound, 2008


The morphologically variable family Parmulariaceae (Fungi, Ascomycota, Dothideomycetes) is widespread in the tropics. The biological relationship between fungus and plant has not been studied in detail, but most species have features indicating biotrophic parasitism, where the fungus derives nutrition from the host without deleterious effects. Few studies have been done in the last 30 years. The family now includes 34 accepted genera, with 24 further synonyms, and more than 100 species. The study was organized using a suite of computer databases, focusing on nomenclatural, geographical (floristic) and bibliographic information. More than 1000 scientific names were considered, and more than 1100 records of individual observations of these fungi have been gathered. All genera are fully redescribed and illustrated with drawings and microphotographs. A new key for identification of genera was constructed. A complete nomenclatural checklist of the family is presented. A new formal taxonomic concept of the Parmulariaceae is introduced, and links are discussed with possibly related families including the Asterinaceae. Two new genera have been re-described, Mintera and Viegasella in the Parmulariaceae. Parmulariella is now included in the Parmulariaceae. Kentingia and Chaetaspis (previously accepted as a synonyms of Rhagadolobium) are now considered of uncertain family in the Dothideomycetes. The genus Apoa, previously placed as a synonym of Pachypatella, was found to be a distinct genus. New combinations in several genera, including Hysterostomella, Cyclostomella (its anamorph: Peltistoma) and Parmularia were made: Cyclostomella atramentaria, C. theissenii, Hysterostomella bakeri, Parmularia radians, Peltistroma disciforme, Peltistroma leopoldinense, Peltistroma juruanum, Rhagadolobium bakeri and a new species of Parmularia on Melastomataceae, Parmularia miconiae was described and illustrated. Some other new combinations from either genera of Parmulariaceae or distinct families are included as Dothidasteromella acokantherae, Dothidasteromella floridana, Dothidasteromella parvispora, Perischizon bewsii.